Military Review

Victorious Admiral Heihatiro Togo

58

“There are no great people without ordinary people”

Japanese proverb


Probably everyone who knows at least something about the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 and who read the novels of Novikov-Priboy and Stepanov knows the name of Admiral Togo, who commanded the United at that time. fleet Japan. But in what way did this man reach his position, what is his combat biography? This is what our story will be about today.


Admiral Togo on a trip to the United States at West Point Academy, New York, in August 1911.

The future Admiral 22 was born on December 1847 of the year in the small town of Kadzia (Kagoshima Prefecture) in the province of Satsuma on the island of Kyushu. And this is the most south-western among all the other large Japanese islands, which was closest to Korea and China, and it was there that the Portuguese navigators were the first to reach. The famous port Nagasaki was also located here - for centuries the only place where Dutch merchants could come. The Satsuma samurai were daring. It was they who fled from the battlefield at Sekigahara, but broke through the Tokugawa troops, and then were the first among those who revolted against the power of bakufu and supported the Meiji revolution. No wonder that many Japanese sailors came from here. Looking at foreign ships, not one young Japanese dreams then about long voyages and adventures in overseas countries.


Let's get acquainted with Japanese painting in the ukiyo-e genre in the period of the Sino-Japanese War, when it gained its lost popularity again and, at the same time, we could get acquainted with the pictorial art of Japan during the life of Admiral Togo. Then the artist Mizuno Toshikata (1866 –1908), who painted triptychs with illustrations of military scenes, became one of the brightest representatives of the military direction of Ukiyo-e. This picture shows Lieutenant Commander Sakamoto on board the warship Akagi.

In Japan at that time there was a tradition to give children several names, or rather, to change their names as they grow up. So Togo, as soon as he turned 13 years old, changed the child's name Nakagoro to Heihatiro. In the yard stood meanwhile 1860 year. The “Overseas Devils” had already been in charge of the country for six years, and foreigners' ships approached the shores of the “Land of the Gods” one by one, and there was no escape from them. However, sometimes strikes on vanity are only useful. A year after the visit of Commodore Perry to Japan, all the same Nagasaki invited Dutch officers to teach the Japanese tactics, navigation and shipbuilding at the newly opened naval school. A metallurgical plant and a shipyard were also built here. Already in 1872, the Japanese fleet consisted of 17 warships, including the battleship Kotetsu, the legendary Stonewall, a battleship of southerners bought by the Japanese from the United States.


On the deck of a Japanese warship. Work Mizuno Toshikata. (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)

Togo was 17 years old when ships of the combined Anglo-American-French squadron fired at the port of Shimonoseki. This is how the right of the strong was affirmed, and Togo saw that he who is strong in the sea becomes strong on earth. It is therefore not surprising that in 20 years he entered the service at the maritime office, opened on the island by the Satsuma clan. Two years later, in 1869, becoming a sailor by this time, he took part in a battle with the rebellious ship of the Tokugawa clan on the ship “Kasuga”.

Victorious Admiral Heihatiro Togo

Young Heyhatiro Togo during his studies in England.

Again, there is nothing surprising in the fact that when, in 1870, in Japan, a military ministry was created, divided three years later into a military and maritime ministry, it was the samurai from Satsuma who ended up in this important institution. With combat experience behind, Heyhatiro enrolled at the Tokyo Marine School in 1871. But it was difficult to study marine business in modern ships in Japan at that time. Therefore, Togo among the 12 cadets were sent to study in England. Well, her success in Russia in the Far East was, of course, unpleasant, and in order to counter the growing power of such a country as Japan, the British began to train Japanese naval officers, and English shipyards began to build warships for the Japanese fleet.


Japanese troops cross the Yalu River. October 1894. Work Mizuno Toshikata. (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)

In distant England, Togo spent a long seven years! He studied at Cambridge (studied mathematics), maritime in Portsmouth and Greenwich, underwent excellent maritime practice during a voyage around the world on the Hampshire ship, oversaw the construction of the Fuso battleship at the Greenwich shipyard. At home in 1879, he returned aboard the new ship Hiei. And then, after such a study, began a rapid career growth. Already in the 1880 year, Togo received the rank of lieutenant commander, in 1882, he was the assistant commander of the gun boat “Amagi”, and three years later at the age of 38 years he became her commander. In 1887, he was promoted to captain of the 1 rank, after which he commanded cruisers until 1894, and was head of the Kure naval base. On the eve of the Sino-Japanese War, Togo became the commander of the cruiser Naniwa, one of the newest ships of the Japanese fleet. Commanding this ship, Togo earned himself excellent publicity and became famous not only in Japan, but throughout the world.


Togo's family: his wife and four sons.


Admiral Togo and his two older sons.

It was like this: in the morning of July 25, on ships of the Japanese squadron, which included the cruiser Naniwa, the cruiser Ji Yuan, gunboat Guani and English transport Coaching (Gaoshen) carrying Chinese troops noticed. The commander of the detachment, Admiral Tsuboi, ordered to engage in battle with the Chinese ships, on which heavy fire was opened. Very soon, the Chinese cruiser, raising white and Japanese flags, was able to sneak away from the battlefield under the cover of fog, while the gunboat Guani, under fire from Naniwa and Akitsushima, was so badly damaged that its commander sent the rest of the crew to the shore, and the ship itself blew up. And here the Japanese noticed “Coaching”. The order to stop and inspect the ship went to Heyhatiro Togo. It turned out that this vehicle, commanded by English captain Galsworthy, with a European team and an English flag, had on board 1200 Chinese soldiers, 14 cannons and various other weapons. A Japanese officer sent to inspect the ship ordered the captain to follow the cruiser.


After the battle of Weihwei, the commander of the Chinese fleet surrenders. November 1895. Job Mizuno Toshikata. (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)

But the Chinese soldiers, who were not at all smiling at the prospect of being taken prisoner by the Japanese, demanded that the captain continue to move and not obey, threatening to kill all Europeans on board otherwise. Then Togo ordered the Europeans to leave the ship, and when the torpedo didn’t hit it, he opened fire with 152-mm guns. As a result, the transport quickly sank with all who were on board. Only the captain and two members of his team escaped; and another 147 man was rescued by a Korean ship. Tsuboi headed for the connection with the main forces, demonstrating to the world the determination of the Japanese to fight, not paying attention to the flag of the ship.


In a battle with the Chinese cavalry. The work of Kokunimas Utagawa (1874-1944). His work belongs to the final period of development of traditional Japanese woodcuts. He is known as the author of engravings with images of the Japanese-Chinese (1894-1895) and Russian-Japanese wars (1904-1905). Paying tribute to the traditions of Ukiyo-e, the artist created genre paintings, where the heroes of his engravings were samurai warriors and beautiful women, picturesque scenes of the everyday life of foreigners living in Japan, their customs and customs.


In a battle with Chinese soldiers. Work Kokunimisa Utagawa.

Then Togo distinguished himself in the famous battle of the Yalu River, where Tsuboi’s “flying squadron”, including the “Naniwa”, was able to cover the right flank of the Chinese fleet at the very beginning of the battle and force the Chinese cruisers “Janvey” and “Chaoyun” to fall ashore. After this battle, the Chinese fleet no longer dared to go to sea and remained in Weihai, which the Japanese first blocked and then laid siege to. The cruiser "Naniwa" actively participated in all these actions against the Chinese, so that at the end of the war, Togo received its first admiral rank. Then in 1896, he was appointed head of the highest naval school, and two years later promoted to vice-admiral.


Admiral Togo with his wife Tetsu in 1913.

The Boxer Rebellion in China forced Japan to work with the Europeans together. The squadron of the Japanese fleet, which arrived to help the ships of the European powers, again commanded Togo. After China, he had a “respite”: the post of the head of the base in Maizuru. But already in 1903, a sharp increase followed - he was appointed to command the United Fleet, and in 1904 he was given the rank of full admiral, in which rank he led the Japanese Navy's naval operations in the 1904-Russian war.

As is known, the Japanese fleet was the first to start fighting, attacking Russian ships in the port arbor of Port Arthur on the night of January 27 1904. The cruiser "Varyag" and the gunboat "Koreyets" were destroyed in the port of Chemulpo, and the First Pacific Squadron was blocked in Port Arthur. All this made it possible for the Japanese to land troops without hindrance in Korea, and then in Manchuria. True, in the person of Vice-Admiral S.O. Makarov, who arrived in Port Arthur, met Togo with a worthy adversary, but after his death the initiative completely passed into his hands. Despite the death of two of his battleships, Togo managed to successfully conduct the 28 battle of July against Rear-Admiral Vitgeft's port-arthur squadron and eventually forced her to return to the blocked Port Arthur, where her ships eventually all died.


Togo - the commander of the United Fleet.

In command of the fleet, Heihatiro Togo tried in every battle to have superiority in strength over his adversary, using intelligence data and good speed of his ships. Using radio communications, the Japanese ships informed their admiral on time about the approach of the Second Pacific Squadron, after which what happened happened. However, it is worth paying attention to such an important moment as the ability to understand and use the mentality of its people for the benefit. Being a big fan of English admiral Nelson, he creatively changed his signal given to them before the Battle of Trafalgar. Then the English admiral handed over to the ships (in any case, it is considered so) the signal of the following content: "England hopes that everyone will do their duty." And it was good for the British! Heyhatiro Togo was Japanese, and he did not blindly copy Nelson, but changed him like this: “The fate of the Empire depends on this battle. Let everyone do their duty! ”With this, he was so inspired by the crews of ships that the commanders developed the rate of fire for their guns and literally bombarded the Russian ships with their shells. In parade uniform and with a sword, he spent the entire battle not in the armored wheelhouse, but from the upper bridge of the battleship Mikasa. An 305 man was injured by pieces of an 17-mm projectile exploded at the bridge, but not a single one of them was touched by the admiral. This is truly fate - so fate!


Japanese field hospital. Work Kokunimisa Utagawa.

After winning the Battle of Tsushima, Togo turned into a national hero of the country and was awarded the highest awards of Japan, and also appointed Chief of the Main Naval Staff. From 1909, he was a member of the Supreme Military Council, and in 1911, together with General Baron Nogi, he visited England and the United States, where he met with the top leadership of these countries. In 1913, he was awarded the honorary title of Marshal of the Fleet.


After the Meiji revolution in Japan, everything changed a lot, and artists noticed it. Now the Japanese could swim, like European women. Work Kokunimisa Utagawa.


New Japanese living room. Work Kokunimisa Utagawa.

Although he did not hold high posts in World War I, he was engaged in a very responsible business - he was one of the educators of the heir to the throne, Prince Hirohito - the future emperor. After the end of the war he retired. But he, of course, continued to play a certain role in the military leadership of the country, and, of course, he was considered with his opinion. In the 1934 year of Togo, apparently in honor of the 30 anniversary of the war 1904 - 1905, he received the title of Marquis and the next day, 30 in May, died at the age of 86 years.


Japanese painting became modern with time. A picture of Tojo Sotaro (1865 - 1929) “Admiral of Togo on the bridge of the battleship“ Mikasa ”during the battle in the Tsushima Strait,” written by him in the year 1906.


"Mikasa" from the 13 series of the series "Clouds over the Hills", dedicated to the Tsushima battle. Unlike the 1969 movie “Battle in the Sea of ​​Japan”, the flagship battleship of Admiral Togo is reproduced in it with almost perfect accuracy.

It would not be an exaggeration to claim that it was Togo and its closest comrades-in-arms that Japan owes its victory in the Russian-Japanese war, and its naval power became so significant that it turned into a threat to the fleets of great powers. Togo went upstairs with his fleet and his country, which in the early twentieth century experienced an extraordinary rise in all spheres. But these victories on land and at sea caused a feeling of excessive self-confidence in the Japanese, and most importantly, gave them reason to establish themselves in the opinion that the most correct path in world politics is military. All this gave rise to their aggressive policies in the Pacific, Southeast Asia and China, and later led to a clash with European powers and the United States, the attack on Pearl Harbor and eventually a global national disaster 1945 of the year!
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  1. ICT
    ICT 13 February 2018 07: 19
    +2
    what kind of miracle is anti-fragmentation under the battle in the penultimate picture?
    1. igordok
      igordok 13 February 2018 07: 38
      +2
      Probably something against rebounds. Gloomy Japanese genius.
    2. kalibr
      13 February 2018 07: 43
      +11
      Beds! Rolled up bunks. Inside the cork, outside the canvas.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 13 February 2018 20: 14
        +2
        It is strange that previous commentators do not know. The generally accepted, effective and completing life path in the world Navy practice.
  2. Albatroz
    Albatroz 13 February 2018 07: 23
    +5
    And in the battle in the Yellow Sea, "genius" was on the verge of
    And it was a little ...
    How much a case in history means
    Or one shell ...
    1. Cartalon
      Cartalon 13 February 2018 13: 16
      +5
      On the site there was a detailed analysis of the battle in the Yellow Sea where Andrei from Chelyabinsk convincingly showed that everything was not on the edge and the Russians could be saved only with great luck
  3. igordok
    igordok 13 February 2018 07: 31
    +4
    I agree. Japanese painting is interesting. Especially when he talks about the defeat of the Germans by the Japanese cavalrymen near Khabarovsk during the WWII.

    At https://robi-novyc.livejournal.com/100354.html there are also creations of Japanese painting.
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 13 February 2018 07: 47
    +2
    Heihatiro Togo was Japanese, and he did not blindly copy Nelson, but changed it like this: “The fate of the Empire depends on this battle. May everyone do their duty! ”
    Pompous in form, but false in essence. Unlike Trafalgar, where the Empire really hung in the balance.
    1. Snakebyte
      Snakebyte 13 February 2018 11: 41
      +3
      Actually hung.
      The financial situation of Japan by May 1905 was critical. A protracted war would lead to a financial collapse. Japan needed a decisive victory.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 13 February 2018 12: 03
        0
        Quote: Snakebyte
        Japan needed a decisive victory.

        Victory was decided on SUSHA.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 13 February 2018 12: 09
          +6
          Quote: Olgovich
          Victory was decided on SUSHA.

          The fate of victory on land was decided at sea. Because the Japanese army on the continent was supplied and replenished from the Metropolis. And the metropolis itself was extremely dependent on shipping by sea.
          If the IJN loses control of the sea, the IJA sits on a hungry rations.
    2. Cartalon
      Cartalon 13 February 2018 13: 13
      +4
      Actually, if Nelson had lost, there would have been 2-3 such squadrons in Britain, Japan had no second fleet
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 13 February 2018 20: 18
        +4
        Yes! British naval motto: "The king has a lot."
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 13 February 2018 08: 43
    +3
    In 1934, Togo, apparently in honor of the 30th anniversary of the war of 1904 - 1905, received the title of Marquis and the next day, May 30, died at the age of 86.
    ... Fate! ....
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 13 February 2018 20: 28
      +2
      Man walked the Way of valor and glory and reached the top! Why live on? "Odysseus the wise, ingloriously decrepit in the insignificant Ithac."? Moreover, age.
  6. XII Legion
    XII Legion 13 February 2018 08: 54
    +21
    victories on land and at sea aroused a feeling of overconfidence in the Japanese

    Even probably self-confidence
    The reasons are the Sino-Japanese war (with a poor-quality opponent), and a rather conditional victory in the Russo-Japanese war (while the great power on its only gut was quietly moving troops into the secondary region, the war ended).
    Of course, Togo stands out here - with its triumph over a motley tired tired squadron (in one of the articles on VO it was aptly said - that in such a situation the lords of the seas - the British would lose too).
    Does the Mikasa Museum Museum still exist?
    Thanks to the author, interesting
    1. Grafova Irina
      Grafova Irina 13 February 2018 09: 50
      +5
      Exist. Waterline embedded in concrete
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 13 February 2018 10: 25
        +4
        Yes. It is also interesting that in China they built a replica of the battleship "Dingyuan" - a participant in the Sino-Japanese war. It is considered the world's largest replica of a historic ship! fellow hi
        1. Bouncer
          Bouncer 13 February 2018 12: 06
          +19
          Cool!
          In general, the bridge is not the best place for the admiral: Makarov, Vitgeft ...
          But Togo carried
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 13 February 2018 12: 08
            +3
            In general, the bridge is not the best place for the admiral: Makarov, Vitgeft ...

            but the best place for the future "emperor in exile" wink Kirill Vladimirovich - swam ....
            1. Bouncer
              Bouncer 13 February 2018 12: 13
              +19
              As they said, "something does not sink ..." lol
              Although I have no rights to say so, I’m not familiar wink
              But after the red bow at the head of the Guards crew in the February Revolution - in my opinion, he had no rights to the monarchist idea
              1. Mikado
                Mikado 13 February 2018 12: 26
                +4
                But after the red bow at the head of the Guards crew in the February Revolution - in my opinion, he had no rights to the monarchist idea

                more than agree with you! good drinks
            2. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 13 February 2018 12: 36
              +5
              Petropavlovsk died, Makarov did not emerge,
              But for some reason Tsarevich Cyril escaped!
              epigram of that time
              1. Mikado
                Mikado 13 February 2018 12: 46
                +4
                Stepanov in Port Arthur expressed the words of the workers more categorically: "Gold is sinking, but something is floating on top." wink
                There are interesting memories of Vel.Kn. Alexander Mikhailovich (the one that the Kachinsky school founded, and indeed was a fairly worthy person). The feeling that he presented the situation is much clearer than the rest of the St. Petersburg Court and the generals combined.
                http://tzarskiy-khram.narod.ru/velk4.html
                The "immutability" of Nikki's decision lasted ten days. But he nevertheless changed his decision for the third and last time. Our ships, sailors and officers still had to be sacrificed to the altar of public opinion.
                May 14 - on the ninth anniversary of the coronation - our lunch was interrupted by the arrival of a courier from Avelan: our fleet was destroyed by the Japanese in the Tsushima Strait, Admiral Rozhdestvensky was taken prisoner. If I were in Nikki's place, I would immediately abdicate. In the Tsushima defeat, he could not blame anyone but himself. He would have to admit that he lacked the resolve to realize the inevitable consequences of this most shameful defeat in Russian history. The emperor said nothing, as was his custom. He just turned pale and lit a cigarette.
                1. Snakebyte
                  Snakebyte 13 February 2018 13: 46
                  +4
                  I would not have much faith in Alexander Mikhailovich. Hindsight is all strong.
                  His memoirs can be called "How Nicholas II prevented me from winning the Russo-Japanese War."
                  1. Mikado
                    Mikado 13 February 2018 13: 58
                    +1
                    Yes, it's all clear. But .. led. Prince was definitely not the biggest loafer of the Romanovs. At least his contribution to domestic aviation must be recognized.
                2. Ryazan87
                  Ryazan87 13 February 2018 13: 47
                  +3
                  I am sure, if Nicholas II had given the order to deploy the 2nd and 3rd squadrons, they would have begun to frantically rebuke him for "a cowardly decision that did not allow him to win the war."
                  The emperor was wrong only in his mercy when he did not hang Nebogatov.
                  1. Mikado
                    Mikado 13 February 2018 13: 55
                    +3
                    The emperor was wrong only in his mercy when he did not hang Nebogatov.

                    From my point of view, the Emperor was wrong in that he occupied the throne. The administrator and the "sovereign" he, it seems, was really bad ... what all preparations for this war and its conduct went through a well-known place. "The vertical of power is rotten."
                    1. Ryazan87
                      Ryazan87 13 February 2018 14: 11
                      +4
                      "The emperor was wrong in general to occupy the throne." - This, it should be noted, did not depend on him. Act of succession + early death of Alexander III.
                      "all preparation for this war and its conduct went through a well-known place." - if only for this ..
                      1. M0xHaTka
                        M0xHaTka 16 February 2018 19: 07
                        +1
                        Initially, the heir was George. But in view of his murder, Michael was indicated in the will. The Hessian fly did a good job against the Empire.
    2. kalibr
      13 February 2018 12: 12
      +6
      There will be an article about the ship-museum "Mikas" ... Literally tomorrow.
      1. Bouncer
        Bouncer 13 February 2018 12: 31
        +18
        Thank! Pending)
  7. Curious
    Curious 13 February 2018 12: 48
    +8
    Heihatiro Togo is truly a person with an interesting biography. Unfortunately, books about him are available in either English or Japanese.
    A few clarifications. When they say that Togo studied at Cambridge, it means a city, not a university. While living in Cambridge, Togo studied English and other sciences, including mathematics, which was especially good for him.
    The second point - the lieutenant commander - is the title of the British Navy. Sakamoto - captain of the third rank, Kaigun-sho: sa.

    This is a monument to the admiral of Togo. In the background is the ship - the Mikasa Museum.
    1. Curious
      Curious 13 February 2018 12: 51
      +6

      This is Mikasa today.
      1. Curious
        Curious 13 February 2018 12: 52
        +6

        And so he was in 1945.
  8. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 14: 09
    +21
    Interestingly
    By the way
    Togo’s fate is a beautiful illustration, on the one hand, of the role of the individual in history, and on the other, of the role of chance in history.
    Likely in the beginning of the 20th century it was still not so, but the squabble between the army and the navy passed through the entire history of Japan in the 20-40s. - influencing the effectiveness of many activities of the most ancient of the existing empires of the globe.
    As a result, all that was left of them was the monument ships, the Self-Defense Forces (they didn’t even name the army), the invaders on imperial land (Okinawa) and the begging of several of our islands.
    But such as Togo led to this. They needed to remember that at least luck smiled once and sunk the squadron, but still - not the equal of Russia or the United States. In short - know your place and measure appetites with stomach size and resources.
    They would take an example from Chinese military philosophy - a quiet glanders, and the whole world will speak Chinese)
    Fine good
    1. Curious
      Curious 13 February 2018 15: 03
      +3
      Before you wrote your comment, did you try to think first, or does ury patriotism not allow you to think at all?
      1. Some kind of compote
        Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 15: 57
        +20
        I don’t see any uri
        Wrote - that is
        The island state must know its place. Showered, people ruined, but still no result - it’s even negative, not like Korea or China - Okinawa in the hands of the Americans.
        I hope I have not made any discoveries in my comment.
        This is so, by the way
      2. Mikado
        Mikado 13 February 2018 15: 57
        +4
        I do not agree with you, dear man! drinks
        In principle, the esteemed Kompot said absolutely the right thing on the fact of the development of the history of Japan. Having got rid of an opponent in our person during the REV, the Japanese war machine began to gain momentum, and by the time of the "universal world redistribution" in WWII, their generals were "afraid to be late for the bus!" (as I.V. Mozheiko aptly put it). And in 1941-42, the Japanese insolently bent themselves to the Pacific Ocean all who turned up by the arm. But .. resources and industry were not the same! The outcome of the war was logical. request
        1. Some kind of compote
          Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 15: 59
          +17
          Thank you dear Mikado drinks
          hi
          1. Some kind of compote
            Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 16: 09
            +18
            I have the feeling that individual characters are specifically kidding.
            Like you say well-known things, they perceive it as a discovery, they are capricious.
            Although, maybe it should be - to increase the number of comments? hi
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 13 February 2018 16: 22
              +2
              Do not be angry with dear Viktor Nikolaevich. His mind is indispensable in discussion! drinks few people know how to own information, and indeed be a good person. soldier it’s just that sometimes the site really cheers patriotism, that's it ... it's not always possible to figure it out! request from myself - I recommend friendship with him wink drinks
              1. Some kind of compote
                Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 16: 33
                +17
                Not at all angry drinks
                On the contrary, we seem to be friends with him
                Hurray patriotism zadolivaet me)
                So to say nothing seditious like not saying))
                ATP for recommendations hi
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 13 February 2018 16: 36
      +4
      "In the end, all that remains of them is the ships-monuments" ////

      And thank God, if only monument ships remain instead of monstrous
      devastating wars.
      Better Japan electronics, Toyota and Honda, Sony, Panasonic than bloody conquerors.
      This is not due to the fact of an island country or continental.
      Rusty ships, semi-monuments, many live their lives at the moorings and other countries.
      One should be proud not of a bloody past, but of a bright present.
      1. Some kind of compote
        Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 17: 04
        +17
        Well, what future will Japan have - as they say, wait and see drinks
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 13 February 2018 17: 43
          +7
          I don’t know what future, but the present is good.
          They live as they want, their life, their culture and traditions, they do not offend their neighbors.
          They delight the whole world with their high-quality cars, motorcycles, consumer electronics.
          drinks
          1. Usher
            Usher 15 February 2018 20: 21
            +1
            But they only live with those who offend everyone and interfere with everyone.
  9. Lexus
    Lexus 13 February 2018 15: 00
    +4
    Tsarist Russia did not have a chance to win the Russo-Japanese War, alas.
    Feasting and fattening during the war is criminal. And on the “partners” once again in vain hoped.
    1. Some kind of compote
      Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 16: 11
      +19
      If the necessary forces were concentrated on time, of course they would have won.
      Kuropatkin won time, but how they concentrated the one-million-strong group - they reconciled
      The psychological blow was strong - the death of squadrons plus the revolution began
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 13 February 2018 16: 44
        +5
        Because the revolution began, all three fleets of the Empire were killed. From faraway asian
        island country. What caused shock and a desire to change the failed bosses.
        The "small victorious war" conceived by the authorities did not work out at all.
        1. Some kind of compote
          Some kind of compote 13 February 2018 17: 05
          +18
          Revolution does not happen from the death of the fleets
          And about
          The "small victorious war" conceived by the authorities did not work out at all.
          I may have forgotten that.
          Is it Russia that started?
          Isn't this what Japan attacked Russia? Yes, even without a declaration of war?
        2. Ryazan87
          Ryazan87 13 February 2018 17: 10
          +3
          And the third one? Black Sea seems to have survived) or still 3 squadrons.
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 13 February 2018 17: 34
            +3
            The esteemed Voyaka apparently made a reservation, meaning that 3 squadrons were lost. 1st squadron - Port Arthur, 2nd - Rozhdestvensky, 3rd - Nebogatov, sent after him and united with the 2nd.
        3. Mikado
          Mikado 13 February 2018 17: 37
          +3
          Because the revolution began, all three fleets of the Empire were killed

          revolution began before Tsushima happened. And the reason for it was not the REV. Just defeat "added fuel to the fire." request
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 13 February 2018 17: 53
            +3
            But first the war nevertheless began (February 1904), and only then the revolution
            (January 1905). If we are talking about the sequence of events.
            (The same thing happened further: in 1914 - the war, in 1917 - the revolution)
            But I do not want to switch to the eternal "revolutionary srach."
            An article about Togo is good.
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 13 February 2018 17: 56
              +4
              But I do not want to switch to the eternal "revolutionary srach."

              The Lord is with you! drinks unconditionally. Article is good, I will support drinks
  10. Looking for
    Looking for 13 February 2018 17: 45
    +2
    How do we like to discuss TECHNO. WHO WON US. But ask about our Russian admirals-winners. So 90 percent will be called two, and then they will not be winners. -Makarov and Rozhdestvensky. We haven’t heard of others. They don’t know. And don’t remember .
  11. Catfish
    Catfish 24 June 2018 23: 55
    +1
    Great article, thanks!

    Japanese painting is very funny, something reminiscent of our posters from the Civil War: such as "Bay Wrangel!"
    I read about Togo, but for some reason I always recalled Midway and Hiroshima. Something like this is superimposed. hi