Military Review

"Mikasa" - battleship museum

Spring wind.
Has responded on someone's voices

Mount Mikasa.
Basho. Translated from the Japanese Faith Markova.

Today in the world there are many ships-monuments, and each of them has its own “memory." So the Japanese have a ship-monument, which is most closely associated with the name of a particular admiral and a specific battle. This is an armadillo of the early twentieth century, the flagship of the Japanese fleetWell, today the museum ship. This ship was named after the mountain in Nara Prefecture. It was ordered in 1898; it was built in England at the Vickers shipyard. It was launched in 1900, and it entered into operation of operating ships in 1902. Probably everyone already understood that they would be talking about the battleship Mikas, the flagship of Admiral Togo in the historic Tsushima battle.

The battleships "Mikasa" and "Sikishima." Painting by the Penza artist marine painter A. Zaikin.

Let's start with the purpose for which this ship was created. When Japan defeated agrarian and backward China in 1895, it became an event for the world community. However, this victory did not bring much satisfaction to the Japanese, and this is why. Russia did not allow Russia to finish off. After all, precisely because of the pressure from the Russian Empire, Japan was never able to annex Manchuria, and give up the captured Lüshun (Port Arthur). Therefore, it was decided that they would have to fight with Russia, and for this they needed a fleet of ships superior to those of Russia. Therefore, already in 1895, the Japanese are adopting a ten-year shipbuilding program and start building warships one by one. Of course, they chose Britain for this, and the battleship Mikasa was built there. Designed by his engineer D. Macro. S. The British are great rationalists, so he didn’t come up with anything particularly new, but decided to base the project on the battleship Canopus, the descendant of which was Mikasa. Laid the ship on the stocks of the company "Vickers" in the city of Barrow. There are no exact data on the cost of the ship, but it can be considered that it was not less than one million pounds sterling or four million dollars. As a result, the battleship "Mikasa" turned out to be a classic representative of the British school of military shipbuilding, but with a national, so to speak, bias.

"Mikasa" - battleship museum

Descent of the armadillo on the water.

The hull was assembled from high-grade shipbuilding steel and had a transverse hull set system. The scheme is single-deck, with a slight blockage of the nasal frames, but the blockage is in the middle and in the rear part was noticeably pronounced. The hull was divided into many compartments and had many watertight bulkheads, which increased its protection from torpedoes. Among the features of the battleship was the presence of a double side and a double bottom. Reservation board reached the level of the armor deck.

"Mikasa" soon after entry into operation.

In the best traditions of the “after Lissa” era, the battleship had a ram in its nose and had a noticeable sheer, that is, it had a upper deck trough. To stabilize the ship during pitching, the side keels were installed on the bottom. By this time, the English shipbuilders had developed the Hartman Rahtien composition to cover the underwater hull, which prevented its fouling with shells and increased its speed.

Mikasa in February 1905.

The ship's total displacement was over 16000 tons, and its maximum length was 132 meters with an average hull width of 24 meters and a draft of eight meters. From all the other battleships of English construction "Mikasa" differed noticeably less distance between the barbats of his 305-mm guns. As a result, the design of the upper part of the ship, that is, its superstructures, became more compact, but because of this design decision made placing 152-mm medium-caliber guns in separate casemates impossible, or rather, four were placed on it on the upper deck .

Mikasa: artillery layout and reservation.

The first armored belt about 2,5 width was on the waterline, towering over it by about 70 cm. Its maximum thickness reached 229 mm, but in the area of ​​the underwater part it gradually decreased to 127 mm, and at the extremities was 127-102 mm. In the area of ​​the citadel there was a second belt of 152-mm armor, reaching the battery deck, and above it was also a third, also 152-mm, with gun ports cut through it, protecting the battery of 10 six-inch guns, between which armored bulkheads were arranged that separated one weapon from another. So the Japanese had in their hands a ship that had on board 14 152-mm guns, dispersed in such a way that each side had 7 guns. It was two more guns than the newest Russian battleships of the Borodino type, in which 12 guns were in two-gun rotating turrets. This decision was quite, and even more modern than the traditional British placement of guns in dungeons, but in case of damage to the tower (even if it was only skewed on the rinks due to a rupture or projectile strike), two guns failed at once, but Japanese ship they had to "shoot" one by one! The ship’s “mine caliber” consisted of 20 76-mm guns, located in the bow, in the aft and in the central battery, which was above the armored deck.

Semi-armored projectile for a British-made 12-inch gun. A feature of such projectiles was their equipment with Liddite, a very powerful picric acid based explosive. To increase the safety of handling such shells, the charge of picric acid was wrapped in paper and placed in a container of brass or copper foil.

The barbety, not the turret, the main caliber (in this, the British ships also differed from the Russian ones) and the ship's military cabin protected 356 mm armor. The upper deck traverses had rational angles, so the designers put armor plates with a thickness of 152 mm here and this greatly facilitated this ship. All gun mounts on the sides covered the armor plates in 152 mm, that is, in the area of ​​the ship's citadel, almost the entire board to the main deck was booked. The upper deck was armored with 25 mm armor. The lower deck (inside the cannon stronghold itself) was armored with 51 mm sheets (while its bevels towards the side had a thickness of 76 mm). The thickness of the armored deck deck armor was 76 mm. For felling, the Krupp company’s armor was used with a thickness of 356 mm, but here the fenning was defended weaker. There the armor was just 76 mm. And it was the “Mikasa” that became the first Japanese ship, for which Krupp armor was used for booking. Before that, the British used the Harvey armor, but the German one turned out to be better on 16-20%. The importance of improving the quality of armor with a decrease in its weight, says such an indicator as the weight of armor on the ship. At Mikas, its weight reached 4091 tons, that is, in fact, 30% of its displacement.

"Mikasa" - the ship-museum in Yokosuka.

When designing the ship was chosen twin-screw scheme. The “heart” of “Mikasy” was the three three-cylinder Vickers “triple expansion” steam engines, for which 25 boilers of Belleville water tube boilers were developed, which withstand the maximum vapor pressure 21 kg / cm². Traction in the boilers provided two chimneys with a diameter of more than four meters each! The total power of the ship's propulsion system was equal to 16000 l / s, which gave him the opportunity to develop the maximum speed of 18 nodes. At the same time, the range of its navigation by the economic course in 10 nodes was 4600 miles.

Monument to Admiral Togo in front of his flagship.

That is how he was, if you look at him closely.

Coal reserves were stored in two huge bunkers located along the perimeter of both sides, parallel to the boiler rooms. Usually, 700 tons of coal were loaded into them, but the ship could accept even more - 1,5 thousand tons. In general, the ship’s seaworthiness was rather high, but it had an unpleasant tendency to burrow into the wave, which led to a drop in speed. The relatively low location of medium-caliber artillery made it difficult to use in fresh weather.

Near the ship-memorial is always crowded. The Japanese love to visit "interesting places" and groups, and families, and one by one.

The fact that the ship is buried in the ground is very convenient. You can sit next to him, touch his side, or even lean his bicycle - let him stand, wait for the owner.

The ship was provided with radio communications - devices of the Italian company "Marconi" with a range in 180 nautical miles. The crew of the ship was 830 people.

Among the flaws of the ship, experts noted the location of most 152-mm guns too low relative to the surface of the water. Now, if they were in the place of 76-mm, then there would be no problems with firing in fresh weather!

The ship received baptism at the walls of Port Arthur 26 January 1904, when the Japanese squadron launched a surprise attack on the Russian ships on the outer roads, and then 9 of February "Mikasa" headed to the squadron of eight battleships approached Port Arthur and entered in a battle with the Russian fleet, which was supported by fire coastal batteries. Already in 11.16, an 254-mm projectile hit Mikasu, followed by another hit. The greatest danger in this battle for the Japanese ships was the exact fire of coastal batteries, so Admiral Togo hurried to withdraw their ships from the battle. Then "Mikasa" participated in the battle with the Russian ships in an attempt to break through from Port Arthur to Vladivostok, after which they decided to increase the ammunition on board the ship.

Anchor and bow gun mount 305-mm guns.

Barbetnaya installation tools main caliber, covered on top of the armored box.

But this projectile is not from the "Mikasy", but from the battleship "Yamato", caliber 457-mm.

In a battle in the Tsushima Strait, Mikasa got about 40 hits, most of which fell on 305-mm projectiles. The third casemate 152-mm gun suffered the most. First, an 305-mm projectile hit the roof of his dungeon, the blast of which killed about nine people and simply did not detonate the ammunition that was immediately there. Two hours later, the 152-mm projectile hit the same place (!). But by luck, the explosion was avoided this time too. Then from the shells hit several shells failed, and the armor plates of the hull in several places began to diverge. Projectiles exploded in the canals of the main-caliber guns, which caused the guns to fail. Nevertheless, despite all its damage, the ship was able to remain in service, kept the course and controllability, and fought until the last moment. According to Japanese sources, the battleship in this battle lost 18 people, and 105 crew members were injured.

November 28 1947, the main caliber is being dismantled.

But on the night from 11 to 12 September, while staying at the Sasebo base on the ship, the part of the ammunition in the stern detonated from unexplained reasons and the battleship quickly sank at a depth of 11 meters, which, fortunately, was not very deep. 256 sailors died on the ship, another 343 man was injured, many of whom were also fatal. A huge hole formed in the hull, which was later repaired, so that after 11 months the ship went into service again, but the final consequences of this explosion were eliminated only two years later. During the First World War, the ship carried patrol service off the coast of Japan, took part in the intervention against Soviet Russia and was even able to stand in the roads of the bay of Vladivostok. In September, 1921, he flew to the stones near the island of Askold, near Vladivostok, and again suffered serious damage, after which in 1923, he was expelled from the fleet.

In 1948, the ship looked like this!

In 1926, Mikasu was turned into a museum ship: a huge pit was dug in the port of the city of Yokosuka, a battleship was inserted into it, and ... it was covered with earth at the waterline. During the Second World War, the Americans, not seeing from above what kind of ship was at the bottom, dropped several bombs on it. Then he was deprived of the status of a memorial and in 1948, he was turned into a dance hall, for which he removed the tower and the superstructure, and built a long hangar in their place. Thus, a new Mikasa House of Culture appeared in Yokosuka, named after the mountain from the province of Nara, that is, its combat past was completely erased.

Rear Admiral Kemp Tolly planted a palm tree in honor of Admiral Nimitz in the park near Mikasy during the celebrations of the opening of the 2 memorial on June 1961 of the year.

Rumor has it that the Soviet Union at this time repeatedly spoke out demanding to completely destroy the former flagship of Admiral Togo. But then “Mikasy” unexpectedly appeared a powerful defender and not one of the local, but Chester William Nimitz, admiral of the US Navy and Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet and Adjacent Territories during the war years, who accepted the surrender of Japan as a representative of the American side.

The opening ceremony of the Memorial "Mikas" 27 May 1961. In the foreground, representatives from the United States, Rear Admiral Kemp Tolly and his wife.

He offered to restore Mikas as a monument, and since it was expensive, he donated an American tank-landing ship to the museum’s restoration fund, which the Japanese sold for scrap and thus collected a third of the required amount.

The old ship is ready to go to sea!

Repair of the old ship began in the 1959 year, and already at the beginning of the 1961-th "Mikas", from which only the hull remained by this time, was actually rebuilt. True, many of the lost elements had to be replaced with dummies, but still it was better than nothing. Open to the public, it was 27 May 1961, and this day was clearly not chosen by chance! 76-year-old Admiral Nimitz could not attend the ceremony, but the delegation from the United States, of course, arrived.

Model of the battleship "Mikasa" in scale 1: 200.

So, thanks to the coincidence of all these random circumstances, the battleship Mikasa lived to this day and you can visit and inspect it. Experts believe that it is not the ideal of reconstruction, but, nevertheless, today it is the only remaining battleship at least at the turn of the century. However, from a distance it looks as if it was standing at the quay wall, ready for a hike. In Japan, this monument ship is very popular. And his model of paper or plastic will be offered to you by almost any gift shop.
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    KVU-NSVD 14 February 2018 16: 08
    In the battle in the Tsushima Strait, Mikasa received about 40 hits, most of which fell on 305 mm shells
    All the same, either the Japanese were lucky, or with our shells it was really really bad .. Thanks to the author for the article. I always read with pleasure.
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 14 February 2018 16: 28
      All the same, either the Japanese were lucky, or with our shells it was really really bad .. Thanks to the author for the article.

      "terrible solitaire" came together there. what And shells, and lower ship speed, and coal overload, and a large number of Japanese destroyers (which Togo set against at night). And the preparation, probably, was higher among the Japanese ... I could be mistaken in something. But, in general, the cards came together. request What does not detract from the courage and heroism of our sailors! soldier join the "thanks for the article" hi
      1. KVU-NSVD
        KVU-NSVD 14 February 2018 16: 46
        Yes, of course I read all this ... But still, dozens of hits with the main caliber, and they ... well, how spoken ... The Tsushima sailors and their courage have eternal memory ... But the Japanese were lucky in that war: and the main luck Japanese - that unfortunate mine near Peter and Paul and the death of S.O. Makarov. Then he would lead the squadron into battle and everything could be completely different ... Unfortunately, history has no subjunctive mood ..
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 14 February 2018 17: 38
          By Mikas, 4 Russians were firing concentrated fire
          armadillo. He caught upon himself almost the entire main caliber of the Russian squadron ..
          But the rest of the Japanese battleships generally cost
          without defeat. And the Japanese fired at each, every rival
          1. Rurikovich
            Rurikovich 14 February 2018 19: 31
            Quote: voyaka uh
            And the Japanese fired at each, every rival

            Strange ... what And historians and the vast majority of authors argue that the Japanese "crossing T" allowed to concentrate the fire of all the ships with the head Russian, which led to the failure of "Suvorov" (with subsequent death), the death of "Alexander III", "Borodino", and even earlier " Fuck up. " Russian shooting at the head was effective only for the first 2-3 ships. Subsequently, in view of the superiority in speed, the Japanese ALWAYS were ahead of the Russians, because it was they who concentrated fire on the flagships of the opponents. Firing on the enemy traverse ship was carried out in cases when the head fire was ineffective for a number of reasons. For yuppes, this happened during maneuvers (when reaching the head, ships are able to fire closer targets), for Russians because of tactical targets (lower speed and linear construction), technical (outdated equipment) and general outgoing from the sum of the first two (poor visibility, sharp heading angles, etc.).
            Quote: voyaka uh
            But the rest of the Japanese battleships generally cost
            without defeat.

            "Asahi" - 8 killed and 23 wounded in 6 hits of them 2 - 6 "
            "Sikishima" 1 - 12 ", 1 - 10", 3 - 6 "(gap 12" guns 13 killed 22 wounded)
            Fuji 2 - 12 ", 3 - 6"
            BrKr "Kassuga" 1 - 12 ", 1-6" (7 killed, 20 wounded)
            "Nissin" 4 - 12 ", 1 - 9", 2 - 6 "(from own firing 3 - 8" guns burst - 95 killed and wounded)
            These are only ships of the first detachment. "Nissin" grabbed an adult, because thanks to maneuvering, he became the head of the squadron.
            So the Russian shooting was at its best and it is not known how the battle would have developed if everyone had fired classically - the first in the first, the second in the second, etc.
            Alex, learn materiel wink hi
            1. Rurikovich
              Rurikovich 14 February 2018 22: 16
              For the sake of interest, we will add data on the second detachment, so that it becomes clear that the Russians weren’t such “muffs” ....
              All armored cruisers of the same type:
              Izumo 5 - 12 ", 1 - 10", 3 - 6 "
              Ivate 2-12, 3-8 "(seen from Nakhimov), 3-6"
              "Asama" 3 - 12 ", 2 - 9" (large flooding, 16 killed)
              Tokiva received 1 large-caliber shell
              Azuma 7 gifts 8 "-12" plus 4 - 6 "(10 killed, 30 wounded)
              "Yakumo" 1 - 12 "and a pair of 6"
              Small shells below 152mm did not indicate - they are also decent, but the effect of them for ships of 10000 tons and above is scanty.
            2. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 15 February 2018 17: 22
              1-2 hits for the whole battle with shells of main calibers (10-12 inches) ...
              Is this considered good? ... recourse not sure. It seems that the norm in those days was considered
              5% of hits - 1 shell out of 20.
              (Only for Nissin - 4 hits, something more decent.)
              But thanks for the corrections, numbers and clarifications. drinks I study.
              1. Rurikovich
                Rurikovich 15 February 2018 19: 22
                Quote: voyaka uh
                1-2 hits for the whole battle with shells of main calibers (10-12 inches) ...
                Is this considered good? .

                Lesch hi Do not forget some things at the Tsushima battle. Due to the superiority in speed, the Japanese constantly attacked the head of the Russian column, and therefore, in fact, half of the Russian ships participated in the battle sporadically, when the Japanese were at affordable shooting distances when maneuvering. But de facto no one canceled the “Hit on the Head” order, because the commanders fired at affordable targets at the expense of the initiative, because practically no one commanded the squadron after the Suvorov failed. So it turns out that due to tactics, the Japanese concentrated fire on a small number of head ships, gradually incapacitating them one by one, and the Russians could effectively respond with these head ships. And the ratio in this section of the battle was not in the direction of the Russians, moreover, decently. Those. formally, they all beat one at a time, and his eyes run wide, for whom to shoot.
                By the way, I recommend reading the same cycle of Andrei-Chelyabinsk "Tsushima Myths" - quite interesting yes good
                Quote: voyaka uh
                It seems that the norm in those days was considered
                5% of hits - 1 shell out of 20.

                Prior to the REV, 20 cable distances were considered normal distances. But it turned out that they would have to shoot at large 2, or even 2,5 times the distance. Therefore, even 2,5% of hits on those shooting methods are completely awkward yes
                And again, let’s not forget that Russian ships did not go to the bottom with empty cellars. Therefore, it is not possible to calculate the percentage of hits based on ammunition consumption request
                It is believed that the 2nd squadron shot even better than Port Arthur wink yes
        2. Yarik
          Yarik 19 February 2018 06: 06
          and the most important luck of the Japanese is that ill-fated mine near Petropavlovsk and the death of S.O. Makarov. Then he would lead the squadron into battle and everything could be completely different ...

          But nefig mine barriers but keep an armadillo. Wise guys ... well, you’ll receive without surrender.
      2. Curious
        Curious 14 February 2018 18: 54

        The battleship "Mikasa" after Tsushima. The starboard with which the ship fought was removed.
  2. Bormanxnumx
    Bormanxnumx 14 February 2018 16: 42
    In the battle in the Tsushima Strait, Mikasa received about 40 hits, most of which fell on 305-mm shells.

    It seems they agreed on 10 hits with 12 "shells, and not:" Most of 40 "
  3. Curious
    Curious 14 February 2018 18: 00

    Comparison of shells. The first on the left is the 460 mm Yamato shell, and the 305 mm Mikasa is the fourth on the left.
    1. Curious
      Curious 14 February 2018 18: 04

      And this is the Mikasy radio room with the latest Marconi equipment.
      1. Curious
        Curious 14 February 2018 18: 09

        Conning tower. From here, the ship was driven in battle.
        1. Curious
          Curious 14 February 2018 18: 10

          And so she looked inside. There is not much space. And the review is not very.
          1. Curious
            Curious 14 February 2018 18: 13

            Since the Mikasa was the flagship, headquarters were also provided on it.
            1. Curious
              Curious 14 February 2018 18: 15

              Admiral "combined" bathroom.
              1. Curious
                Curious 14 February 2018 18: 16

                For sailors, the conditions are somewhat simpler.
    2. Bormanxnumx
      Bormanxnumx 14 February 2018 18: 45
      By the way, the shell of Mark VIIa depicted in the article, far "post-Tsushima" - entered service with the British Navy in 1916
      1. kalibr
        14 February 2018 19: 06
        Yes, but constructively did not differ from him. The same "sugar head" of lididt or shimosa, wrapped in rice paper and foil.
        1. Bormanxnumx
          Bormanxnumx 14 February 2018 20: 43
          The shell of Mark VIIa differs from the “Tsushima” Mark VI with the radius of the lively warhead - it is more pointed, with the presence of the Makarov cap “soft cap”
  4. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 14 February 2018 19: 58
    Of course, as a historian Vyacheslav Olegovich, the specialist is not bad. But universalism sometimes leads to interesting results. Of course, the article is very informative from a historical point of view for readers unfamiliar with the marine theme, but Vyacheslav Olegovich did not interfere with a more responsible approach to writing the article yes The low location of the guns was not a whim of admirals or designers, but was a consequence of the construction of ships as engineering structures. And there are rules. And if the low-mounted guns were replaced instead of the 76mm standing on the Spardeck so that they could shoot in bad weather, the metacentric high of the ship would decrease, which, with the consumption of coal and ammunition in battle, would lead to a decrease in stability, which together with possible holes to a possible rollover.
    Further. The Japanese battleships were twin-shaft, therefore they had two vertical three-cylinder triple expansion steam engines yes
    Yes, and the Japanese battleships were based on English projects, and they were "famous" for the relatively low location of medium artillery, because I see nothing surprising in this request
    And so, plus Mr. Shpakovsky for the article, as for informative, showing the path of an individual ship.
    PS All the same, about the locks it turns out more interesting wink hi
    1. Grid
      Grid 18 February 2018 15: 12
      Of course, as a historian Vyacheslav Olegovich, a specialist is not bad

      Yes, no.
      But universalism sometimes leads to interesting results.

      There is no universalism. With a history teacher of the CPSU, engineering knowledge, and especially understanding, is difficult.
  5. Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 14 February 2018 20: 28
    In general, the seaworthiness of the ship was quite high, but it had an unpleasant tendency to bury itself in a wave, which led to a drop in speed.

    Is it he, or all ships with a rammed nose profile?
    By the way, I could never understand why this stubborn profile was kept on the dreadnoughts built before the PMV - already without a developed spy, because it became clear that no one would go to ram attacks.
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 14 February 2018 20: 55
      By the way, I could never understand why this stubborn profile was saved on dreadnoughtbuilt before the WWII - already without a developed spy, because it became clear that no one would go into ram attacks.

      I don’t know why, but there is an interesting fact: namely "Dreadnought"(he himself, the first dreadnought) drowned a German submarine with a ramp. It seems to be a unique case! drinks
      1. Rurikovich
        Rurikovich 14 February 2018 22: 44
        Quote: Mikado
        It seems a unique case!

        Welcome drinks hi
        Especially when you consider that U-29 was sent to Neptune, which on that day missed the Neptune dreadnought with a torpedo and while Otto Vediggen made another decision, the Dreadnought sneaking up on the side, noticing the periscope, cut the German in half. There were no bombings then what All the same, karma exists, because this submarine shortly before this drowned in the English Channel three English sentinel armored cruisers - “Cressi”, “Abukir” and “Hog” one day winked
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 14 February 2018 22: 51
          Good evening! Yes, it seems that Vediggen was punished .. It turns out that in that campaign - which turned out to be the first and last for this boat - he still managed to drown three vehicles. Apparently, greed ruined .. I also wanted to add the battleship. wink
    2. Rurikovich
      Rurikovich 14 February 2018 21: 58
      Quote: Narak-zempo
      Is it he, or all ships with a rammed nose profile?

      It is not a matter of the stem (nose) profile because of the ram, but in the shape of the body (in this case, the nasal tip) plus the distribution of weight loads. hi
    3. Curious
      Curious 14 February 2018 22: 58
      Even now, designing the bow of a ship is not a trivial task.
      If the question is interesting - I can recommend it "VN Khramushin SEARCH RESEARCH
      There is also a technical and historical analysis of seaworthiness, including a description of the role that the ram played in it.
  6. XII Legion
    XII Legion 15 February 2018 08: 39
    Here it is, the flagship flagship)
    A real museum!
    Thank you!
  7. Blue cop
    Blue cop 15 February 2018 10: 08
    Good article
    And illustrations are selected
    Japanese are proud
    Our flagships are not immortalized, but they could)
  8. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 15 February 2018 11: 38
    But on the night of September 11 to 12, while parking at the base in Sasebo on a ship, part of the ammunition in the stern detonated for unknown reasons and the battleship quickly sank at a depth of 11 meters, that is, fortunately, not very deep.

    Actually found out.
    The main damage to the hull turned out to be a hole about 25 m long in the stern and another ten small holes from both sides in other parts. The investigation refuted the alleged version of the death of the ship as a result of its intentional flooding by part of the personnel in the form of a protest against the conclusion of a peace treaty with Russia. The commission of inquiry suggested that, most likely, the ship was killed by a double explosion of the stern artillery cellar, caused by the ignition of ammunition, and the subsequent detonation of one of the torpedoes ignited.
    There is also evidence that the sailors tried to make an alcohol-containing potion on a battery deck in an open container that caught fire. One of the sailors overturned the vessel, burning liquid spilled into the elevator of the supply of medium-caliber ammunition, which led to the ignition of charges and a subsequent explosion.
  9. Comrade
    Comrade 16 February 2018 03: 21
    There are no exact data on the cost of the ship, but we can assume that it was not less than one million pounds

    Exact data are available, including and on complete the cost of Mikasa.
    Then it was like that, an order was made to build a warship, and the shipyard built this ship for the amount stipulated in the contract. But this amount did not include the cost of armor, artillery and mine weapons, as well as ammunition, since the shipyard did not produce all this.
    You just indicated the cost of the battleship without armor, weapons and ammunition.
    Moreover, it was Mikasa that became the first Japanese ship to reserve which Krupp armor was used.

    In fact, the first Japanese ship to carry Krupp armor was the Yakumo armored cruiser.
  10. Andy
    Andy 16 February 2018 14: 52
    Thank you for the article. I know about this ship-museum for a long time, I even looked at photographs, but not at all as detailed as yours. frankly speaking, a double impression: on the one hand, it is very interesting and immediately disappointed with a clumsy props.
  11. wersa
    wersa 18 February 2018 19: 54
    Quote: V. Shpakovsky
    The “heart” of “Mikasa” are three three-cylinder Vickers triple-expansion steam engines

    Two four-cylinder.
    In fact, the mediocre one was KorPlik. Vickers, what else to say. That is why he became the flagship. And the most powerful ships of the IAF were Hatsuse and Sikishima from Armstrong.
  12. race
    race 18 February 2018 22: 23
    "... Japan was never able to annex Manchuria and surrender the captured Lushun (Port Arthur)."

    Question to the author: Japan could not give up the captured Lushun? Who could not give?
    In general, the article is good. Thank you
  13. db1967
    db1967 20 February 2018 15: 01
    Tiny comment
    Therefore, already in 1895, the Japanese adopted a ten-year shipbuilding program and began to build warships one after another.

    for which Japan has NO money.
    Guess who gave the money to almost the entire pre-Tsushima fleet? wink
    3 times to earn on one transaction / not counting a bunch of political advantages / - this is really cool good