Multi-purpose all-terrain vehicle NORINCO CS / VP4 (China)
In recent years, the leadership of the People’s Republic of China, developing its armed forces, has been paying particular attention to airborne troops. Especially for this kind of troops developed new models of technology that have the required features and capabilities. At the same time, new cars are offered not only to the Chinese army, but also to foreign customers. Several new developments of this kind were presented in this decade.
Cross-country vehicles NORINCO CS / VP4 of the Venezuelan army. Photo Defensanacional.argentinaforo.net
As follows from the available data, several years ago, the designers of NORINCO began to develop a promising multi-purpose wheeled platform capable of solving transport problems and used as a basis for combat vehicles with different armaments. The works were successfully completed, and then at one of the Chinese exhibitions the first official show of a promising car took place.
In the promotional materials, the new Chinese-made transporter is designated as CS / VP4. In 2017, the first export contract for the supply of such equipment was indicated in the reports that it received an additional name Lynx (English “Lynx”). Combat vehicles based on the chassis have their own designations, to a certain extent resembling the name of the base platform, but indicating that such equipment belongs to other classes.
There is reason to believe that the lightweight CS / VP4 all-terrain vehicle was originally developed solely as a vehicle for transporting people and small loads. The first version of its design did not allow to install any serious weapons or large equipment. In the future, this problem was solved by refining the project, and to date, customers are offered two versions of the conveyor.
Machine with windshield mounted. Photo Defensanacional.argentinaforo.net
The CS / VP4 vehicle actually represents a car of minimum dimensions and carrying capacity with a four-wheel chassis of high traffic. For maximum ease of construction, the all-terrain vehicle received an open-top housing. In addition, the project does not provide for the use of any reservation. However, the presence of armor would not correct the situation. The hull has low sides and only partially covers people, which makes the armor useless.
The CS / VP4 project proposes the use of a hermetically sealed metal body. Its frontal part has an expanding shape with a wedge-shaped profile, facilitating movement through the water. The lower part of the sides is made in the form of a vertical sheet, above which a shelf of trapezoidal section is placed. The stern again uses inclined sheets, above which a box-shaped casing of the power plant was placed in the basic version of the project. The roof of the case is missing. Protection of the crew and passengers from external influences by using the top frontal sheet, removable windscreen glazing and awning.
The layout of the case is very simple. All its upper part, made in the form of a large free volume, is given under the cabin for the crew, passengers and cargo. In front of the cabin there are two separate seats for the driver and commander. Behind them on the sides of a set of folding seats of the simplest design. A larger double seat-sofa is placed in the back of the habitable volume, directly in front of the wall of the engine compartment.
Governing bodies on a workplace of the driver. Photo Defensanacional.argentinaforo.net
At the level of the front seats and rear seat are fixed two safety arches, also serve as the basis of the awning. The front arc of the transverse arrangement is complemented by a curved part mounted on the longitudinal axis of the machine and fixed to the front plate. This part is equipped with mounts for installing two removable windshields.
In the aft of the CS / VP4 case, an internal combustion engine with a power of 87 hp is placed, the parameters of which allow to ensure high mobility of the machine in any conditions. Access to the engine is organized through the aft hatch. On the right side of the engine compartment provides a round radiator window, tightened grid. Under it is a small-sized muffler.
With the help of a mechanical transmission, laid above the bottom of the case, the engine torque is distributed to all wheels. According to reports, the transmission of the all-terrain vehicle provides control of the drive wheels of different sides. Using this function, the driver can deploy the car literally on the spot.
View of the stern. Photo Defensanacional.argentinaforo.net
The four-axle undercarriage is based on an independent suspension and is equipped with wheels of medium diameter. As part of the chassis there are means of rotation of the steered wheels. Thus, depending on the current conditions, the driver can choose the best way to control the car. At the same time, however, the small size of the all-terrain vehicle may limit overall throughput. In particular, the CS / VP4 machine's ground clearance is only 270 mm.
The main task of the multipurpose vehicle is to transport soldiers with weapons and some small loads. In certain situations, she can also tow a trailer or other equipment. In this case, the hull is equipped with a drawbar and its own rings for connection with the towing vehicle.
The transport vehicle in accordance with the original project does not have any standard weapons. However, in the combat units it is equipped with small arms. Thus, the front arc cross can be used for mounting a rifle or large-caliber machine gun. Near the seats for the crew provides for mounting for the transport of personal weapons.
In the basic configuration, the multi-purpose all-terrain vehicle NORINCO CS / VP4 has the smallest possible dimensions and weight. The length of the machine is only 3,94 m, the width is 1,55 m, the height along the arcs is 1,8 m. The total weight is determined at the level of 2,85 t with a payload of up to 1100 kg. First of all, the reduction of mass and dimensions was associated with the need to ensure maximum strategic mobility of equipment. The machine was to be placed in the cargo compartments of various military transport aircraft and helicopters.
Driving on the highway, the Chinese all-terrain vehicle can reach speeds of up to 65 km / h. Water obstacles the car overcomes by swimming, moving due to the rotation of the wheels. The maximum speed is reduced to 4 km / h. Cruising on the highway - 400 km. On land, the chassis can climb a steep slope near 30 °. The ditch is 1,2 m wide and the wall height is 400 mm. The minimum turning radius is 2,5 m.
It is argued that the existing chassis allows the NORINCO CS / VP4 multi-purpose machine to move in different terrain and areas without the threat of getting stuck. However, it can carry up to six people with arms and, possibly, a trailer with a load. Such capabilities can be used in patrolling, for the delivery of personnel to various objects, etc. The lack of armor, however, eliminates the possibility of using technology at the forefront during open collisions.
All-terrain vehicle and equipment based on it are primarily intended for use in the airborne troops, with which the requirements for size and weight are associated. Depending on the available capabilities and goals, the CS / VP4 can be transported by land, air, or water. These all-terrain vehicles fit on railway platforms and truck bodies. They can be transported by Mi-8 type helicopters. Military transport aircraft, depending on the size of the cargo compartment, are able to take on board up to several multi-purpose chassis.
In case of using military transport aviation possible landing both landing and parachute method. In the latter case, CS / VP4 needs appropriate additional equipment. The landing of the car with the crew, apparently, is not provided.
Lightweight all-terrain vehicle CS / VP4 was created, first of all, as a vehicle for soldiers. Nevertheless, he was quickly adapted to the solution of combat missions. From a certain time, an anti-aircraft self-propelled installation based on this platform has been demonstrated at exhibitions. By installing some new units, transport was turned into a full-fledged autonomous combat unit with a full set of equipment.
Directly on the existing building installed closed double cabin with advanced glazing and side doors. Behind the cab made a flat platform with devices for mounting the combat module. The design of the power plant, transmission and chassis at the same time, obviously, did not change. A remotely controlled combat module with a block of optical-electronic surveillance and detection equipment was placed on the landing behind the cab. A small-caliber automatic gun is located on the mobile unit. In this configuration, CS / VP4 can accompany the troops on the march, monitor the air situation and fire on the approaching aircraft.
The multi-purpose chassis NORINCO CS / VP4 can be used for the construction of different types of equipment, but a number of design features reduce its modernization potential. In this regard, on the basis of the base all-terrain vehicle was created another car that retains the main features and capabilities, but at the same time has certain advantages over it.
The new version of the CS / VP4 all-terrain vehicle has a different body layout. The power plant and transmission devices connected to it were transferred to the front of the hull, as a result of which the latter received a large hood with a characteristic shape. Now, in front of the driver’s seat, there was a large hull unit with a horizontal roof and developed onboard units, which provided grids for engine cooling. In addition, the size of the front overhang increased, which, however, did not affect the performance of the terrain.
Self-propelled anti-aircraft installation based on multi-purpose chassis. Photo Imp-navigator.livejournal.com
The transfer of the engine allowed to abandon the protruding stern casing and in some way increase the allowable dimensions of the loading platform. In fact, this was the main goal of the new project, and the designers immediately took advantage of the results obtained. In 2016, NORINCO presented several samples of self-propelled artillery based on a front-engine version of an existing all-terrain vehicle.
On an open rear chassis platform, it is proposed to install a light multiple rocket launcher system, a mortar or a large-caliber howitzer. Together with the weapon, such self-propelled guns receive this or that additional equipment, but they are based on an updated version of the multipurpose CS / VP4 chassis.
To date, the multi-purpose off-road conveyor NORINCO CS / VP4 managed to go into a series and enter the supply of several armies. According to known data, the People’s Liberation Army of China became the first customer of such equipment. Her order, which appeared at the beginning of the decade, provided for the delivery of at least several dozen cars in the original transport configuration. There were also fragmentary reports about the possible purchase of artillery systems on the basis of the modified chassis. New technology is transferred to the troops in need of light vehicles of high maneuverability. It was supplied to the airborne units, as well as to the border troops. The latter use all-terrain vehicles to patrol in mountainous and desert areas.
In June, the army of Venezuela boasted its 2017 of the year. The military department of the Latin American country has published an official announcement of the receipt of the first batch of Chinese all-terrain vehicles in the basic transport configuration. The manufacturing corporation transferred to the customer about two dozen pieces of equipment. Perhaps in the future there will be a new order for the second batch. Information about the desire of Caracas to acquire self-propelled artillery guns are not available.
Airborne troops solve special tasks and therefore need specialized equipment with appropriate capabilities and characteristics. The NORINCO CS / VP4 all-terrain vehicle project was one of the solutions to the task of equipping the amphibious parts with light vehicles. Subsequently, at its base, it was possible to create a new multi-purpose chassis, which was used in the development of promising artillery samples. Perhaps the development of existing ideas will continue, and soon China will show its new models of light military equipment.
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