Military Review

Warsaw stepped on the slippery path of denying the participation of the Poles in the Holocaust

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This scandal Polish politicians provoked last week. Under the mute "struggle against Bandera ideology," the Polish Sejm adopted last Friday amendments to the law on the Institute for the National Memory of Poland (Instytut Pamięci Narodowej - IPN). They provide for criminal prosecution for denying the crimes of the Ukrainian nationalists and their armed formations who collaborated with the Nazis. However, at the same time, the Sejm introduced punishment (in the form of a fine or imprisonment for up to three years) for spreading information about the participation of Poles in the Holocaust and using the phrase “Polish death camps”.


Warsaw stepped on the slippery path of denying the participation of the Poles in the Holocaust


Polish lawmakers hurry

Responsibility for violation of the new provisions of the Law on the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) Polish lawmakers laid not only on its citizens, but also on foreigners. First of all, it is a nod in the direction of the Ukrainians, played with the glorification of Bandera. The Poles are ready to persecute them not only on their territory, which greatly puzzled the Kiev ideologues of local nationalism.

For example, the director of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory, Vladimir Vyatrovich, on his Facebook page was concerned that now, if he “wrote / said something wrong from the point of view of the Polish authorities, not even in Poland, IPN initiates a criminal case, and then even through Interpol you can apply for extradition. ”

Unlike Ukraine, Israel did not fear the new rules of the IPN law, but openly resented them. The categorical disagreement with the position of the Polish legislators expressed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, President Reuven Rivlin. A special statement was made by the country's foreign policy department.

The lawmakers in the Knesset are boiling over. The chairman of the opposition center-left Avoda party, Yitzhak Herzog, even demanded that the Israeli ambassador be recalled from Warsaw for consultations. “The Polish death camps existed, and no law will erase the memory of this,” wrote Yair Lapid, the leader of the Left Yeshid Party, on Twitter.

“The law considered by Warsaw will not change the past, but is dangerous for the future,” one of the leaders of the center-left Zionist bloc, Tsipi Livni, summed up the general outrage. Ten years ago, Livni was the head of the Israeli Foreign Ministry. Probably, the diplomatic experience made it apply to the law “considered” in the law adopted in the Seimas.

In Israel, they hoped that the odious amendments would stop the adoption of the law at other stages, for example, in the Senate. These were vain hopes. The Polish election 2015 of the year formed in fact a one-party government in the country when the Sejm and the Senate came under the full control of the right-wing conservative party Law and Justice.

Therefore, Israeli criticism only spurred Polish lawmakers. Already on Tuesday, the amendments passed the Senate without obstacles. The case was signed by President Andrzej Duda, who was elected, by the way, to this post, too, from the PiS party. It is unlikely that Duda will pull the final approval of the law.

The president has repeatedly spoken out on this topic and was outraged that the “Nazi death camps”, located during the war years on Polish territory, have recently been increasingly called “Polish.” Duda is especially reluctant to accuse the Poles of participation in the Holocaust - the mass extermination of Jews during the Second World War. He calls these facts "untruthful."

Crimes that are trying to forget



Someone agrees with the president. The world knows many facts when Poles sacrificed their lives to save Jews from the Nazis. During the war, the Nazis executed in Poland more than two thousand people who saved the Jews or helped them. The bright memory of these kind and courageous people.

However, there are more examples of the opposite property. This fall 75 will mark the anniversary of the uprising (October 14 1943) in the Sobibor death camp. For a year and a half (since May 1942 of the year), 250 of thousands of Jews have been killed here. At this time in Sobibor there were several attempts to escape the prisoners of the camp.

One such escape happened under the new 1943 year. Five Jewish prisoners fled the extermination zone. The Polish peasant saw where the fugitives disappeared and reported them to the police. The poor fellow was caught and executed. As an educational measure, the punishers shot several hundred more people in the camp.

During the famous uprising (the only one successful in the death camps) 340 prisoners escaped from Sobibor. The Nazis staged a real hunt for the fugitives, with dogs. 170 people found and immediately shot. The same fate befell still 90 escaped prisoners, issued punitive local Polish population.

Was in shameful stories Poland and the episode, similar to the massacre in the Belarusian Khatyn. He is well known. In July, 1941, in a small town of Jedwabnie (150 kilometers from Warsaw), a large group of Poles killed almost all Jews there. At first they were caught one by one and tortured, finished off with sticks, stones, chopped off their heads, sneered at the corpses. Then the rest (about one and a half thousand people) were driven into a barn and burned alive.

The property of the dead Poles appropriated themselves. This, according to historians, was a widespread phenomenon, when those who handed over the Jews to the Germans later became the owners of their property. German soldiers were present at the site of the massacre in Jedwabne. Taking advantage of this, the Poles blamed the tragedy on Hitler's punishers.

It was considered so until the 1990-s. New research confirmed the responsibility of the Poles for the massacre in Jedwabn. The Institute of People’s Memory of Poland generally agreed with these conclusions. True, IPN considered the death toll inflated and called his number - 340-350 people. However, in 2001, the then Polish president, Aleksander Kwasniewski, brought an apology to the Jewish people for this crime.

Andrzej Duda disagreed with Kwasniewski. Even during his election debates, he denied the participation of the Poles in the Holocaust, and called all the accusations of this a lie. Now the denial of the war crimes of the local Polish population is becoming the official state policy of Warsaw. Those who disagree with this will be “prosecuted” - fined or imprisoned.

The reason is serious, not to be interested in the events of the war and what the Poles were doing at the time. This topic has not been a priority for Polish society before. The authorities carried out 60 investigations in the 23 regions of the country on charges of crimes for the local population, but less than a hundred Poles suffered the real punishment. At this all calmed down.

Meanwhile, the War of the Army of Kraevoy against the Jewish population is awaiting its research. On her account thousands of ruined souls. The order of AK Commander General Bur-Komorowski (from 15 of September 1943 of the year) is known, in which local commanders were ordered to suppress Jewish partisan detachments. And the order was largely executed. Facts about this are in the publications of Polish historians.

The fate of the Jews and in post-war Poland. During the pogroms, only about the first year after the war about 400 Jews were killed. Sometimes, such as in August 1945 of the year in Krakow, the pogroms could be stopped only by the forces of the Polish and Soviet Army units.

A similar tragedy happened in the city of Kielce. Here, during the pogrom, about 40 Jews were killed (among them, children and pregnant women). More than 50 people were injured. Two Poles died in Kielce and tried to stop the pogromists. There is nothing surprising in the fact that the Jewish population gradually left Poland.

At first, they left in dozens, hundreds, then in the thousands. In September 1946, the Soviet Embassy in Warsaw reported to the USSR Foreign Ministry that more than 70-80 thousands of Jews left the country only from June of this year. The embassy found the reason for this outcome to be “anti-Semitic views” of the population, difficulties in determining employment, obstacles imposed on enterprises that “worked a significant number of Jews.”

If someone thinks that all these are events of bygone days, let him look at the data from one of the last censuses of the population of Poland. In 2002, the entire 1133 was counted here as a Jew. Before the war, they lived in Poland for more than three and a half million people. It was the largest Jewish diaspora in Europe.

Polish nationalism is becoming dangerous to the world. We see this from the frenzy with which the monuments and tombs of our soldiers are being crushed, intolerance towards the indigent migrants and temporary workers from neighboring countries. Now the turn has reached the Holocaust - the tragedy recognized as the most terrible genocide in the twentieth century.

Will the world keep silent this time, as in the case of the Poles scoffing at the memory of our soldiers-liberators, or shudder from indignation? On this depends not only the future behavior of Poland, but also the political prospects of the new Nazis, which are breeding today throughout the world ...
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 2 February 2018 06: 48
    +1
    Polish nationalism is becoming dangerous to the world.


    This is true ... two frankly Russophobic nationalist states are being formed on our western borders, whose main policy is to spoil as much of RUSSIA as possible.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 2 February 2018 06: 58
      +4
      Warsaw is not the whole Polish people, just like Moscow is not the whole Russian. Poland - "Veteran's News". The official delegation of the Polish city of Wloclawek paid tribute to the Red Army soldiers who died during the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation, NewsBalt.ru reported on Sunday.
      1. Basil50
        Basil50 2 February 2018 09: 53
        +1
        Yuryevich
        Poles, after catholicization, strive for unanimity and uniformity. Of course, there are those who remember that he is primarily a MAN. But as a rule, their own Poles deal with them. There are many examples in history.
        By the way, the Poles were building concentration camps for the Red Army and for the RUSSIAN PEOPLE long before the Nazis. Some of the ministers of Polish concentration camps were later captured in 1939 and were executed by court order in the SOVIET UNION, and the Poles are afraid to remember this, too much will be known.
        Today, Poles are replacing history legally. And tomorrow?
    2. Hard Rock
      Hard Rock 2 February 2018 07: 48
      +6
      Formed? Yes, Poland was, is and will be Russophobic! And it’s hard to call them allies of Ukraine. Does the word mdl remind anything? But this is exactly what the Poles called, called the Ukrainians! Apparently, the past does not teach psheks in any way, four times they were removed from the world map, the next time is suitable.
    3. siberalt
      siberalt 2 February 2018 08: 39
      +2
      It would be better if Poland simply kept silent. And now I’ve picked such a sore, my mother! belay If Germany paid for the genocide of Jews, now they can make the Poles pay too. Do they need it?
    4. Lex.
      Lex. 2 February 2018 09: 24
      +1
      What is being formed, Poland has always been your enemy
      1. novel66
        novel66 2 February 2018 09: 33
        0
        so declare war on them!
        1. Lex.
          Lex. 2 February 2018 09: 36
          0
          So yours with Poland and I have no borders, let the politicians understand this Polish whine to me in one place
          1. novel66
            novel66 2 February 2018 09: 38
            0
            you can attack from the Baltic Sea, we think we will help. it’s not whining anymore, something else
            1. Lex.
              Lex. 2 February 2018 09: 40
              0
              Yes, the Poles have enough enemies the same Germans or Lithuanians
              1. novel66
                novel66 2 February 2018 09: 40
                0
                all got, that's for sure, ambitional, infections!
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 2 February 2018 07: 01
    +3
    in the form of a fine or imprisonment for a term of up to three years
    Cunning of course. The fact that they accepted the attitude towards Bandera is welcome, but the fact that they want to stop the reminder of their crimes is vile especially against the background of Russia's constant accusations of the occupation of Poland, the shooting of Polish officers and further on the list. But honestly, it was hard to expect another from Poland.
  3. Tramp1812
    Tramp1812 2 February 2018 08: 14
    +5
    "Ay Pug, she is strong to know that barks at an elephant ....". Poland's strength has always been the unity of the Poles, whose foundation has traditionally been ethnic nationalism and Catholicism. But from the point of view of successes, whether in the military or economic fields in modern or recent history, Poland cannot particularly boast. I mean global events, not local conflicts. With the escalation of tension with Ukraine, everything is more or less less clear: the next will be the territorial issue. The anti-Russian policy is also clear: Poland is a member of NATO and counts on protection, in which case, primarily from the states. But to open another front, now also with Israel, is fraught. Moreover, all that Poland did before this time was an obvious fawning over Israel and the Jews. Despite the fact that Israel, very restrained, to put it mildly, always treated Poland. We strictly: "no one is forgotten, nothing is forgotten." .
    1. Berber
      Berber 2 February 2018 09: 08
      +2
      Great people know how to admit their mistakes. Yet generosity is not a Polish trait. , in a word.
  4. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 2 February 2018 09: 30
    +1
    The camps in Poland were of course German, but the fact that the Poles actively participated in the extermination of Jewish fellow citizens is also a fact. Should the Poles forget this black page? I think it is no less important for them to remember this than the Jews.
    1. Lex.
      Lex. 2 February 2018 09: 38
      +1
      Everything is true, but the Jews themselves, in their own camps, sent to the kiln Judenrat kappa der ma in every nation is enough
      1. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 2 February 2018 10: 00
        +1
        Quote: Lex.
        Everything is true, but the Jews themselves, in their own camps, sent to the kiln Judenrat kappa der ma in every nation is enough
        Jews did not send in the oven. Einzets teams carried corpses out of gas chambers. The time spent in Einzets team was no more than three months. Then they were completely destroyed.
        As for the kapo, are they the camps themselves? They were the same prisoners. And they destroyed them in the same way. Well, of course they hated them even more than the Germans, because they were from their own.
        1. Lex.
          Lex. 2 February 2018 12: 38
          0
          I read it, they distributed who they would send, and one was tried in Israel, but they didn’t plant it. Former campers banged.
    2. Boris55
      Boris55 2 February 2018 10: 16
      0
      Quote: Aron Zaavi
      The camps in Poland were of course German, but the fact that the Poles actively participated in the extermination of Jewish fellow citizens is also a fact

      I don’t know whether I’m active or not, but in all occupied territories there are always those who are ready to serve new owners by faith and truth. In this regard, the Poles are no worse than everyone else.
      ps. “Laws that pursue the expression of opinion in relation to historical facts are incompatible with the obligations that the Convention imposes on signatory states regarding respect for freedom of speech and freedom of expression. The Convention does not allow any general prohibition of the expression of an erroneous opinion or misinterpretation of past events.... "(July 5, 2012 UN Paragraph 49, CCPR / C / GC / 34)
    3. apro
      apro 2 February 2018 11: 54
      0
      First remember. Then recall then demand money for the Lochocost.
      Everything is correct. Everything converges .. who else oppressed the Jews and did not pay?
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 5 February 2018 07: 56
        +1
        Quote: apro
        First remember. Then recall then demand money for the Lochocost.
        Everything is correct. Everything converges .. who else oppressed the Jews and did not pay?


        forest, gracious, forest.
  5. odometer
    odometer 2 February 2018 12: 10
    +3
    Was the Holocaust the most terrible genocide of the twentieth century? And was it on such a scale?
    1. Berber
      Berber 2 February 2018 12: 23
      +1
      Is this important for you? PEOPLE KILLED. Not just died, but were brutally tortured.
  6. Bouncer
    Bouncer 2 February 2018 12: 16
    15
    Zadolbali with the Holocaust
    As if others had died little
    Our prisoners alone are almost as Jewish as Jews
    1. Berber
      Berber 2 February 2018 12: 21
      +1
      Russians died more, but this does not detract from the Holocaust.
      1. iouris
        iouris 2 February 2018 12: 35
        0
        The question is not when it died more, especially since the great-grandchildren of those who were not killed argue. The question is who benefits from genocides and which nation will be destroyed next time. By the way, Russians and Chinese in the XNUMXth century were destroyed most of all. But only the Russian population is steadily declining. Kedmi has already voiced the idea that the Russians in the XXI century. - Must be the goal of genocide.
        1. Berber
          Berber 2 February 2018 13: 55
          +1
          No less genocide, the Russians arranged for themselves. Sholokhov in "They Fought for the Motherland" wrote about this. This is when neighbors and brothers wrote denunciations to the NKVD against each other. That's where the enemy is.
          1. iouris
            iouris 2 February 2018 23: 46
            +1
            Quote: BerBer
            No less genocide, the Russians arranged for themselves.

            Yeah. And in the Donbass, they bomb themselves.
            1. Berber
              Berber 3 February 2018 11: 00
              0
              Compradors and those who followed them, believing in their exclusivity. The same could be done in Russia. Well, like: Siberians are not Russian, Cossacks are above all. Yes, you never know what can be thought of to divide us and bleed. And there were such plans. Ask why the US Consulate in Yekaterinburg? What are their goals there? In Ukraine - a civil war and ours are at war with ours. I think so. [Quote] [/ quote]
  7. Termit1309
    Termit1309 2 February 2018 12: 39
    0
    Quote: novel xnumx
    you can attack from the Baltic Sea, we think we will help. it’s not whining anymore, something else

    Who are you? Sofa legion of death?
  8. Lex.
    Lex. 2 February 2018 12: 40
    0
    [quote = Lex.] I read that they distributed who they would send, and one was tried in Israel but they didn’t put him down, like the former campers banged
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 2 February 2018 13: 57
      +1
      Some time ago, a "professor" accused both us and the allies that they during the years of the war, namely during the period of Poland’s occupation by Nazi Germany, did not attempt to bomb the concentration camps where they killed people. My question is, where could the prisoners go from these bombed camps?
      Five Jewish prisoners fled the extermination zone. The Polish peasant saw where the fugitives hid, and reported them to the police

      The order of the commander of the AK General Bur-Komorovsky (dated September 15, 1943), in which local commanders were ordered to suppress Jewish partisan detachments, is known. And the order was largely executed. There are facts about this in the publications of Polish historians.

      And where did people run to?
      And here is another point
      During the pogroms in the first year after the war alone, about 400 Jews were killed. Sometimes, for example, in August 1945 in Krakow, pogroms could only be stopped by forces of the Polish and Soviet Army.

      True, I think now there will be "truth-loving people" who will argue that the above-mentioned fact of the lies-Soviet Army did not appear in February 1946 ...
  9. BAI
    BAI 2 February 2018 15: 11
    0
    Over 90% of Jews were exterminated in Poland. In Germany, from 1933 to 1945 less. Without the active help of the local population, this is impossible. In the "Lviv pogrom", for sure, participated not only Bandera, but also the Poles. After all, Lviv was a Polish-Jewish city.
  10. Tamrus
    Tamrus 2 February 2018 15: 18
    +5
    And he was this fabulous "Holocaust"? Already a thousand million times, historians have proven that this is a lie of the Jews themselves, and even six million fried ones does not even smell. However, the destruction of more than 20 million Russians is not called in any way ... Strange
    1. Tramp1812
      Tramp1812 2 February 2018 18: 14
      +2
      Quote: Tamrus
      And he was this fabulous "Holocaust"? Already a thousand million times, historians have proven that this is a lie of the Jews themselves, and even six million fried ones does not even smell. However, the destruction of more than 20 million Russians is not called in any way ... Strange

      I would like you to specifically list the "thousand million times" Holocaust denial. And I would like to refer to millions and millions of historians. But you are unlikely to succeed because it is a lie. Rude, impudent, cynical and just boorish lies. For which, moreover, in Germany they are prosecuted.
      Yes, history knows cases when “Turkish historians and statesmen of Turkey denied the Holocaust of Armenians“ a thousand million times ”. Or, “a hundred thousand million times”, Soviet historians denied having foam at the mouth and blue eye the presence of secret annexes to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. But neither the Holocaust of the Armenians nor the secret annexes to the pact mentioned above have disappeared. With the same success, one can deny the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, or the Nazi provocation in Gleiwitz. You see, my friend: manuscripts do not burn. There is also the protocol of the Wannsee Conference "on the final solution of the Jewish question" and the racial "Nuremberg Laws" adopted against Jews, the Third Reich Law on the confiscation of all Jewish property. There was also a specific agency responsible for the extermination of Jews — the 4D department. And it was headed by your like-minded person: Adolf Eichmann. Which was pulled up, exactly in Israel, precisely for the extermination of Jews, about which he spoke in detail at the process. And the documents are available. Unlike your anti-Semitic unproven attempts. Now specifically. There are countries where the Nazis tried to exterminate the Jews, but nothing came of it. These are Denmark, Bulgaria and Finland. In Denmark, the Danes at night, secretly, under the nose of the Nazis took all Danish Jews (5000) in boats to neighboring Sweden. The Bulgarians, after the first two echelons with the Jews left for extermination camps, went out to mass protests. Tsar Boris, was forced to block further deportation of Jews. The same Bulgarian Jews who were sent to the death camps died all to one. In Finland, Marshal Mannerheim refused to extradite Finnish Jews to the Reich, threatening to enter the war with Germany if it tries to do it by force. So no one even claims that in these countries, Jews died. Although it should be "one hundred thousand million times." In Poland, the Nazis set up concentration camps, including Sobibor, exclusively for the extermination of Jews. Read “a hundred thousand million times” about the history of the Jews escaping from Sobibor with the destruction of the guards and the history of the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto. Although nothing was written about this in Soviet times. And the organizer of the escape was also planted. Now awarded posthumously. But this does not mean that there was no rebellion in the ghetto and an escape from Sobibor. Read .... Maybe you will understand? Although unlikely. And I’m not writing for you. After the war, each of the countries occupied by the Nazis made a census of survivors, including Jews. Six million came out. The Jews, for your information, did not ask the Germans for the Holocaust a penny. The initiative in 1961 was shown by the Germans themselves, and even begged. As I understand it, you are interested in the question: why about the Holocaust on every corner, while other people died in this meat grinder. And "one hundred thousand million times" it was explained that the Jews, unlike others, were killed by the Nazis only because they were Jews. And not Jews rush about the Holocaust: the Holocaust is a lesson to the whole world, which can be a disaster persecution of any nation on a national basis. Just the Jews here, alas, as in everything, were pioneers. Let’s take it, I don’t know what, let’s say the Jewish “Shabbat”. I’m sure you never thought about what you personally have to do with it? But this is a revolutionary purely Jewish invention: a day of rest per week. Previously, all working people worked hard seven days a week. Therefore, Russian Saturday is the word Shabbat distorted in the Russian way - a day off. And Russian Easter is again Jewish Passover. Even the Russian alphabet is created on the basis of the Hebrew and begins with the Hebrew letter Aleph. I no longer take Christianity, which began as a sect in Judaism. Also with the Holocaust. This is not only the tragedy of the Jews, but a lesson for the whole world.
      1. iouris
        iouris 2 February 2018 23: 50
        +2
        Quote: Rogue1812
        This is not only the tragedy of the Jews, but a lesson for the whole world. The Germans extracted, you are not ...

        The tragedy of all Jews, or some Jews earned on this? Did all Germans “extract” or are some Germans put to non-extraction? It is not a matter of nationality, but of financial interests: money, as you know, does not smell. If the financial crisis reaches a critical point, then there will be more than one “Holocaust”.
      2. revnagan
        revnagan 3 February 2018 12: 34
        +2
        Quote: Rogue1812
        one hundred thousand million times, "it was explained that Jews, unlike others, were killed by the Nazis because they were Jews.

        Unlike what others? From the Slavs, whom the Nazis killed only because they are Slavs? From the Gypsies, whom the Nazis killed only because they are Gypsies? From the Communists, only because they are Communists (somewhat not, but nevertheless ...)? You have already REACHED your chosen ones with your Holocaust. Yes, put me on your register of non-Jewish Jews, you are so outraged by the Polish "law" and adopting the same laws, only in your favor.