Military Review

Stalingrad - the last frontier

47
February 2 in Russia celebrates the Day of Military Glory of Russia - the Day of the defeat of nazi troops by the Soviet troops in the Battle of Stalingrad As is known, the Battle of Stalingrad played a crucial role in stories Great Patriotic War. It was with the defeat of Hitler's troops at Stalingrad that the turn in the war began, ending with the complete defeat of Nazi Germany.




Adolf Hitler planned to gain control over Stalingrad and, thus, cut the main arteries connecting the central part of the RSFSR with the Caucasus. The Fuhrer hoped that the seizure of Stalingrad would make it possible to intensify the offensive in the Caucasus and substantially weaken the Red Army units defending it. We should not forget about the symbolic component of the Stalingrad operation. The city on the Volga bore the name of Stalin and his seizure with the subsequent renaming, in Hitler's opinion, was to be the strongest blow to the vanity of the Soviet leader. The colossal forces of the Wehrmacht and the SS troops, plus the Allied armies of Hitler of Hungary, Italy, Romania, Finland and Croatia, were concentrated to attack on Stalingrad.

The German offensive continued from July 17 to November 18 1942. More than 430 of thousands of Hitlerite military personnel and soldiers of the Allied armies were thrown at Stalingrad, and the number of the Fuhrer was increasing as the battles became more fierce. By November 1942 years in the Stalingrad area has focused more 987 300 Wehrmacht and allied armies, including more than 400 thousand soldiers and officers of Hitler's Germany, 220 thousand soldiers and officers of the Italian Army, 200 thousand Hungarian soldiers, 143 thousand Romanian soldiers, 20 thousand Finnish soldiers (this is about the identity of Marshal Mannerheim and Finland’s participation in the war on Hitler’s side - not only the blockade of Leningrad in the terrible years of the Finnish army) and 4 thousands of soldiers of the Croatian army.



The number of forces of the Red Army, participating in the Battle of Stalingrad, was significantly less. By the time Hitler began the offensive, the Red Army command had concentrated 386 000 people, by November 1942, the number of Soviet troops in the Stalingrad area numbered 780 thousand people. 12 July 1942 of the year on the basis of the field control of the troops of the Southwestern Front formed the Stalingrad Front, which included the 21, 62, 63 and 64 army. Marshal of the Soviet Union Semen Timoshenko, who previously commanded the South-Western Front, was appointed commander of the front. However, after 20 days, 23 on July 1942 was replaced by Lieutenant General Vasily Gordov, who had previously commanded the 21 army, as the front commander of XNUMX. But Gordov also held out for a responsible position for two months, allowing, in the opinion of the higher command, a number of mistakes.

13 August 1942 was appointed Colonel General Andrei Eremenko, commander of the Stalingrad Front, a former non-commissioned officer of the tsarist army, a member of the Civil War, who went from the rank and file to the general in the Red Army. Before his appointment to the Stalingrad front, Yeremenko commanded the Southeast Front. For over three months, under the command of Yeremenko, Soviet troops held back the Nazi offensive near Stalingrad.

The command of Hitler's 6 army, which played a key role in the Battle of Stalingrad, was carried out by Friedrich Paulus, who was considered in Germany to be one of the most talented military leaders. It was the 6 Army of Paulus that was surrounded by the Red Army in besieged Stalingrad. Although Paulus warned the Fuhrer that Stalingrad was better left to avoid the catastrophic defeat of the German troops, Hitler ordered them to hold on to the last. This, in fact, signed the sentence of the Paulus army. Although Friedrich Paulus himself 30 January 1943 of the year was promoted to field marshal. This decision of Hitler was more of a psychological nature - the Fuhrer emphasized that no German field marshal had ever been captured.

In fact, in the current situation at the front, this implied a requirement for Paulus to commit suicide in the event of a final defeat or to fall in battle. However, Paulus chose a different path. The next morning, after assigning field marshal's title, January 31 1943, Paulus handed over to the Soviet command a request for surrender. Major General Ivan Laskin, Chief of Staff of the 64 Army of the Red Army, arrived to the talks and took Field Marshal Paulus to Beketovka to lieutenant-general Mikhail Shumilov, commander of the 64 Army. The German military leader who surrendered was first interrogated. Then Paulus was taken to the front commander, Colonel-General Konstantin Rokossovsky. However, on the proposal of Rokossovsky to order the continuing resistance units of the 6 Army to capitulate Field Marshal Paulus refused. He replied to the Soviet commander that he was now a prisoner of war and could not order the current command of the units and formations of the Wehrmacht. However, the resistance of the Nazis in Stalingrad was crushed without the order of Paulus.

Stalingrad - the last frontier


February 2, 1943, the Nazi troops in Stalingrad were completely defeated. Germany lost 32 divisions and 3 brigades in full force, the 6th field and 4th tank German armies, 8th Italian army, 3rd and 4th Romanian armies. About 91 thousand soldiers and officers were captured. However, German propaganda reported in Germany that the 6th Army died on the battlefield in full force. For Hitler Germany, the defeat at Stalingrad was the beginning of the end. Of course, the leadership of the Third Reich could not predict the consequences of the Wehrmacht's Stalingrad catastrophe, but it was the defeat at Stalingrad that radically changed the course of not only the Great Patriotic War, but also of the whole of World War II as a whole.

In addition to the Wehrmacht, Italian, Romanian, Hungarian, Croatian troops participated in the Battle of Stalingrad. All of them also suffered a crushing defeat, but if the Germans were motivated by the idea of ​​Great Germany, then in the allied countries the population increasingly thought about why their countrymen died on the front. In the battle of Stalingrad, the Romanian 22, the Italian 10 and the Hungarian 10 divisions, the Croatian regiment were defeated. The two Romanian corps, which were part of the Wehrmacht’s 4 Tank Army, were forced to send command to Romania, since the personnel were completely demoralized and unable to further participate in the hostilities. After Stalingrad, Hitler had to abandon the use of the troops of the allied states at the front - Hungarian, Romanian and Slovak units were used only in the rear.

Moreover, anti-war and anti-Hitler sentiments intensified in the Axis countries, not only among ordinary citizens, soldiers and officers, but also among representatives of the military-political elite. The battle of Stalingrad forced Turkey, which Germany considered its potential ally, to abandon plans to start a war with the Soviet Union and the invasion of the Transcaucasus. In Romania, which supplied Germany with a huge amount of oil, the economic situation seriously worsened, discontent with the regime of Ion Antonescu, who actually ruled the country, began to grow. But the most difficult situation is in Italy. Here, many representatives of the highest military circles, including Marshal of Italy Pietro Badoglio, began to show discontent with Benito Mussolini’s policies. Soon even the king of Italy Victor Emmanuel joined the plot against Mussolini. All these events were the direct foreign policy result of the Battle of Stalingrad.

The victory of the Red Army incredibly increased the international prestige of the Soviet Union. All over the world, people intensely watched the epoch-making battle unfolding on the Volga. When the Hitler army capitulated, there was no limit to the jubilation of the population of Europe occupied by the Nazis and their allies. The Soviet victory was highly appreciated by the leaders of the countries participating in the anti-Hitler coalition. Franklin Roosevelt sent a congratulatory message to Joseph Stalin, and the English King George VI presented the Soviet leader with a sword with the inscription: "Stalingrad citizens, strong as steel, from King George VI as a sign of deep admiration of the British people." Winston Churchill passed this sword to Stalin at the Tehran Conference.

It was after the Battle of Stalingrad that the United States and Great Britain made the final decision on the landing of troops in Europe. In the summer of 1943, the Allies landed on Sicily and soon a military coup occurred in Italy that overthrew the power of Benito Mussolini. Hitler's key ally in Europe, fascist Italy capitulated to the Western powers 3 September 1943, and October 13 1943, the new Italian government, created under the leadership of Marshal Pietro Badoglio, declared war on Hitler Germany.

For the Soviet people and the Red Army, the battle at Stalingrad was one of the greatest events of the Great Patriotic War. Representatives of all the peoples of the Soviet country fought against the Nazis on the streets of Stalingrad, so the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad contributed to the further unity of Soviet society. For heroic participation in the battles at Stalingrad, dozens of soldiers and officers of the Red Army were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Azeri lieutenant colonel Hazi Aslanov, who commanded the individual tank regiment of the 55, Georgian lieutenant colonel Mikhail Dyasamidze, commanded the 1378 rifle regiment, Russian lieutenant colonel Timofei Pozolotin, commander of the 17 guards tank regiment, heroically killed the commander of the army, and the patron of the army, the Chechen commander, the Chechen commander, a patty, and a patty of the army, and a patron of the army, a patron of the commander, a patron, a commander of the army, a hero, a commander of the army, a commander of a military unit, a hero, an army officer, a commander of a military unit, a hero, a commander and a patrol officer, and a patron of the army, a hero, a commander of a military unit, a hero, a commander, and a patron Company Captain Ruiz Ibarruri - Spaniard, son of the legendary Spanish revolutionary Dolores Ibarruri .... All the heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad, both those who were awarded and those who were not awarded, cannot be listed. Stalingrad became a symbol of the victory of the Soviet army and the Soviet people over the Nazi occupiers.

Freed from the Nazis, the city lay in ruins. As a result of the battle, 90,5% of the pre-war housing stock of Stalingrad was destroyed, industrial enterprises, social institutions, transport infrastructure and communications were destroyed. The Soviet state was faced with a colossal task - to restore Stalingrad, to make it not just fit for people, but a modern and comfortable city, returning the townspeople a debt for the hardships suffered. The first restored object of Stalingrad was the famous Pavlov House. It was here, in the four-story house, that the 58 days were heroically defended by a group of Red Army soldiers. First, on September 27, 1942, a group of four soldiers under the command of Sergeant Yakov Pavlov, commander of the machine gun department of the 7 squadron of the 42 guards rifle regiment, captured the four-story building and entrenched in it, repelling the enemy’s attacks, and on the third day the building arrived reinforcement - a machine gun platoon of Lieutenant Ivan Afanasyev.



The number of defenders of the building has grown to 26 people. It was a peculiar cut of the Soviet people - people of different ages, nationalities, who demonstrated true heroism: Russian sergeant Yakov Pavlov and lieutenant Ivan Afanasyev, Ilya Voronov and Terenty Gridin, Ukrainian corporal Vasily Glushchenko, Kazakh Talibay Murzaev, Tajik Mahbulat Turdyev, Kalmyk people, and I’m calmak people, and I’m calmak people, and I’m Kalmyon Turdyev, Kalmyk Turdyev; Idel Heit, Georgian Niko Mosiashvili, Uzbek Kamolzhon Turgunov, Tatar Faizrakhman Ramazanov and other heroic defenders of Pavlov House were, first of all, Soviet people and fought for the liberation of their common Rodi s from the invaders.

For two months, the Red Army soldiers defended a key point, not allowing the Nazis to approach the Volga. Despite the fact that the house was shelled by artillery, air strikes were inflicted on it, the Red Army men did not leave the building. Yakov Pavlov ended the war under Stettin, with the rank of junior lieutenant, and on 17 on June 1945, he was awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. To another commander, Ivan Afanasyev, fate was less supportive. The senior lieutenant Afanasyev, who lost his eyesight as a result of the contusion, was not awarded the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union. Only in the post-war period, thanks to the efforts of colleagues, about the feat of this man became known to the general public.

There are still ongoing discussions about whether it was worth renaming the city, which entered world history as Stalingrad, into Volgograd. Recall that the city was renamed 10 November 1961 of the year, and 8 May 1965 of the year, on the eve of the 20 anniversary of the Great Victory, Volgograd received the status of the City - Hero. The memory of the Battle of Stalingrad and its heroes is immortalized in monuments, street and square names, educational institutions, but most importantly - even now, after 75 years after the defeat of the Nazis at Stalingrad, February 2 remains a very significant date for all true patriots of our country.
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  1. Serge72
    Serge72 2 February 2018 06: 16
    16
    Significant victory, anniversary!
    Suffered and Great!
    1. 210ox
      210ox 2 February 2018 09: 36
      +2
      The blessed memory of the fallen, glory to our heroes who won then!
      Quote: Serge72
      Significant victory, anniversary!
      Suffered and Great!
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 2 February 2018 06: 21
    +3
    http://warspot.ru/8466-neizvestnyy-stalingrad-ana
    tomiya-legendy-o-dome-pavlova


    On this resource you will find additional interesting articles and photographs about the battles in STALINGRAD as well as about the house of PAVLOV.
    I saw some photos and videos there for the first time ... first-hand, so to speak.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 2 February 2018 07: 09
    +3
    Discussions are still ongoing about whether it was worth renaming the city, which went down in world history as Stalingrad, to Volgograd.
    ... Not renamed in 1961 ... renamed in the 90s, how to drink, renamed ....
  4. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 2 February 2018 09: 07
    +6
    All with the anniversary of Victory. My father and his grandfather in July 42 of the 12 boy dug trenches on the Don. Then when they returned to the city, my great-grandfather went to the militia for 59 years, and his father survived the bombing of 23 on August and was rescued by soldiers who gathered children from the ruins.
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 3 February 2018 13: 02
      0
      was rescued / by Soviet / soldiers who collected children from the ruins.
  5. Yura Yakovlev
    Yura Yakovlev 2 February 2018 10: 50
    0
    Konstantin Rokosovsky wrote in his memoirs that he was against accelerating the liberation of Stalingrad, as this would lead to unjustified losses, but Stalin insisted on this. Rokosovsky was one hundred percent right. In a week there would be no one to fight with.
    The mother of one of my comrades was a nurse during the Battle of Stalingrad. So she said that among the surrendered Germans there was a huge amount of frostbite. To avoid gangrene and save their life, they had to saw off their legs and hands with two-handed saws without anesthesia, since it was not there either. Not even enough dressings. So the Germans probably remembered these Stalingrad lessons very well.
    1. Dashing
      Dashing 2 February 2018 19: 26
      0
      Something about the current burghers is not visible, unfortunately
    2. cabbage
      cabbage 2 February 2018 21: 37
      +1
      Yuri, I can’t find where in the memoirs Rokosovsky was against "accelerating the liberation of Stalingrad." Please send a link. Perhaps you confused with the book of K. Simonov "Soldiers are not born." There, one hero at headquarters was really opposed.
      1. Yura Yakovlev
        Yura Yakovlev 2 February 2018 22: 35
        0
        I read a very long time ago, back in the early seventies, the book was small, 100 pages long. But I remember for sure that he had big disagreements with Zhukov on the Istra ledge, which he proposed to leave in order to level the front, there was also about Stalingrad, where there was no particular need to lose a soldier when the enemy was clamped in a ring, and he had nothing to hold out. These may have been the first trials in memoirs. An offense against Zhukov passed through the whole book with red thread.
        1. cabbage
          cabbage 3 February 2018 20: 11
          0
          That's about the disagreement with Zhukov. Everyone is well aware of the fact that when discussing the 2 main attacks of the 1st Belarusian Front in Bagration’s operation, Stalin twice suggested that Rokosovsky leave the office and think carefully. Rokosovsky in his memoirs writes that he went out, thought and continued to insist on his own. After that, Stalin said that the insistence of the commander indicates that the operation is deeply thought out, and this is a reliable guarantee of success. Do you remember? Zhukov does not mention this episode in his memoirs.
          Recently I read the book of A. Isaev "Operation Bagration". Isaev examines the documents of 2 warring parties in this military operation. So, not a single document from the 1st Belorussian Front was found during the development of the operation on the 2 main attacks. On the contrary, in the documents of the front headquarters, signed by Rokosovsky, the strike near Rogachev was considered preferable, and near Parichy it was not worthy of attention. Moreover, before the start of the operation, Zhukov, by his order, transferred additional reinforcement to the Parich group. What can I say?
    3. Yura Yakovlev
      Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 07: 31
      0
      “The headquarters was in a hurry, demanding the fastest possible elimination of the encircled enemy. This requirement was quite understandable, since with the liquidation of the boiler a large number of our troops, so necessary in the current strategic situation, would be freed. These troops could be sent to the rear of the enemy Army Group“ A ”and locked it in the North Caucasus, that is, to repeat what has already been done near Stalingrad. Recognizing the importance of the task, we took all measures to complete it faster. The members of the Military Council, all senior commanders and political workers were directly in combat formations. took personal part in the attacks. Such bravado could not be indulged, as it could lead not only to unjustified victims, but also to weakening the leadership of the units and formations. Everything should be proportionate. "
      "Soldier's duty" from the head of Vise closed. But I must say right away that this is not that book. In that was the author’s more lively language, more space was allocated to the soldier’s service, about the penal battalions, about the fourth tank army, which had four tanks, and therefore the soldiers called her four-tank. My interest in Rokosovsky at that time was only biographical. The machine parts teacher we had was an associate of Konstantin Rokosovsky, went through a war with him. And then, when Rokosovsky was the Minister of Defense of Poland, he was a teacher at the Academy of Engineering in Warsaw. Actually, this was an occasion to inquire about the fate of Rokosovsky.
      1. cabbage
        cabbage 3 February 2018 19: 26
        0
        Perhaps there are some other memoirs of Rokosovsky, published once and have not reached me. However, in the quote you quoted, I did not see that Rokosovsky was against "accelerating the liberation of Stalingrad." Moreover, I think that at that moment, in that situation everything was done in a timely and competent manner. In the end, our troops ended up in Berlin, and not German - in Moscow.
        1. Yura Yakovlev
          Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 19: 55
          0
          Unfortunately, this is what is left on the Internet, and it looks more like a summary of the Information Bureau than memoirs.
          But the main thing is that despite the constant rivalry of the two commanders - Zhukov and Rokosovsky, each of them retained their own leadership style. Zhukov always achieved the goal at all costs, and Rokosovsky always sought to save as many lives as possible.
          At the first stage of the war during the defense of Moscow and Leningrad, Zhukov remained the leader, but you need to look further, but "In the end, our troops ended up in Berlin, and not the German in Moscow." And of course you are right in this.
          1. Bask
            Bask 4 February 2018 11: 25
            0
            In Isaev’s book on Marshal Zhukov, the author gives an example of losses about front losses that were commanded by Rokosovsky, Zhukov and Konev in my opinion. So, Zhukov’s losses are smaller than the rest.
          2. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 5 February 2018 11: 29
            0
            Quote: Yura Yakovlev
            Zhukov always achieved the goal at all costs, and Rokosovsky always sought to save as many lives as possible.

            The front commander, Rokossovsky, under the impression that the cause of the failure was the bad actions of the infantry soldiers, tried to use detachments to influence the infantry.
            Rokossovsky insisted that the detachments follow the infantry units and force the fighters to attack.
            © Report by the PA NKVD DF at the UOO NKVD of the USSR on offensive operations of the 66th Army. October 30, 1942
      2. cabbage
        cabbage 3 February 2018 21: 20
        0
        Your phrase about the "living language of the author" suggests that the author was most likely not Rokosovsky, who was a staff general, but not a writer at all. He could hardly write about the military service, the penal battalions and the 4th Panzer Army, which in the summer of 1942 was part of the Stalingrad Front. Rokosovsky took command of Donskoy on September 20. This is easy to verify.
        1. Yura Yakovlev
          Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 23: 07
          0
          Maybe you still have something important, so don’t hold your conjectures in your bosom, otherwise you won’t sleep peacefully at night.
          First:
          What difference does it make to you who wrote, Rokosovsky himself or someone from his words.
          Second
          Why couldn't Rokosovsky write about the troops included in his front, including the number of tanks of the fourth tank army?
          And thirdly
          Why do you think that Rokosovsky as a commander could not write about soldiers as his subordinates, including those in the penal battalions?
          1. Bask
            Bask 4 February 2018 11: 35
            0
            You don’t trust so much in your memoirs. I do not want to insult Marshal Rokosovsky in any way, but he’s unlikely to care about the fates of fines. Remember the words of the general from the movie “Hot Snow” - “I can’t think that my soldiers have families, mothers, wives. "Literally, it’s probably not accurate, but the meaning is clear, the commander thinks about completing a task, not losses. But really, the commander should fight with his head, not his boot. For example, Zhukov is accused of heavy losses at the Zeelovsky heights, but Isaev in his book explains everything clearly and intelligibly.
            1. Yura Yakovlev
              Yura Yakovlev 5 February 2018 17: 28
              0
              In vain you all come upon me like that, I in no way insist on the correctness of this or that general, but simply gave examples, maybe from the first memoirs of Rokosovsky that I came across in the early 70s.

              "For example, Zhukov is accused of heavy losses at the Zeelovsky heights, but Isaev explains everything clearly and intelligibly in his book."
              Before blaming Zhukov for heavy losses at the Zeelovsky heights, you need to look at this very difficult terrain, and it is very difficult, both in Germany itself and in front of the Oder (former Brandenburg province) To make it clear, I will give an example. In 1974, Minister of Defense Grechko raised the alarm of a motorized rifle regiment in Poland and set him the task of arriving at exercises at the Liberoz training ground in the German Democratic Republic. So out of forty tanks of the tank battalion, only four tanks arrived at the training ground, the rest got stuck along the road, and this was without participating in hostilities.
              1. Bask
                Bask 6 February 2018 11: 17
                0
                Yes, for God's sake, I don’t run into it, I just wrote to you that memoirs are just a subjective opinion (of course interesting), but for some reasons they are not objective.
                1. Yura Yakovlev
                  Yura Yakovlev 6 February 2018 12: 49
                  0
                  Of course, everyone judged from his belfry, but much more changed later on under the influence of public opinion, as well as under the influence of newly emerging information about those events. Therefore, the memoirs were repeatedly processed and supplemented, assuming a more objective character. The main thing is that future generations do not forget about those terrible events.
      3. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 5 February 2018 11: 33
        0
        Quote: Yura Yakovlev
        In that was the author’s more lively language, more space was allocated to the soldier’s service, about the penal battalions, about the fourth tank army, which had four tanks, and therefore the soldiers called her four-tank.

        In the 4th Panzer Army, I again had to make sure what heavy losses in equipment suffered tank formations due to the fact that they were entered into battle in parts, disorganized and without proper artillery support. Now in this army (which played, however, a well-known role in disrupting the enemy’s plans to encircle our 62nd and 64th armies in the great bend of the Don), there were only four tanks. Someone from the officers who accompanied me jokingly asked a question: is that why it is called the 4th Panzer Army? The soldiers made an amendment: they called their army with bitter irony the four-armored.
        © Rokossovsky K. K. Soldier's duty. Chapter "Under Stalingrad."
  6. Kot_Kuzya
    Kot_Kuzya 2 February 2018 11: 00
    +4
    By November 1942, more than 987 Wehrmacht and Allied armies were concentrated in the Stalingrad region, including over 300 thousand soldiers and officers of Hitler Germany, 400 thousand soldiers and officers of the Italian army, 220 thousand Hungarian troops, 200 thousand Romanian troops, 143 thousand Finnish military

    Note to the liberals, screaming about the "inefficiency of the Stalinist economy." The USSR fought in the Second World War with a united Europe, whose potential was an order of magnitude greater than the potential of the USSR, but thanks to the genius of Stalin, a kind of "effective manager", we were able to rationally use all means and resources in the war, everything for the front, everything for the Victory! Even “neutral” Sweden supplied Germany with high-quality steel and alloy metals, without which it is impossible to make tanks, and “neutral” Spain supplied Germany with products and sent the “Blue Division” to the Eastern Front, through which about 50 thousand people passed, and the losses amounted to about 35 thousand dead, wounded and missing. And how many tens of thousands of Soviet soldiers of the USSR lost because of this "Blue Division"? Even supposedly neutral French, Dutch, Belgians, Danes, Norwegians massively recruited in the SS divisions Karl the Great, Nordland, Viking, Nord, Nederland, Langemark, Wallonia, Landstorm Nederland attracted by high earnings and the possibility of obtaining an allotment in the USSR and a couple of dozen Slavic slaves. Ukrainians with their SS divisions Galichina and Dirlivanger and the Baltic states with their five SS divisions also distinguished themselves. This is not counting the many SS divisions recruited from Croats, Finns, Romanians, Italians and Hungarians who were official allies of Hitler.
    1. IImonolitII
      IImonolitII 2 February 2018 12: 14
      +1
      Of course, everything is complete, but you miss a couple of facts - the USSR also fought not alone, receiving help not only with military and other equipment, but also with steel, a tompak, lay down. additives, gunpowder, etc. Yes, and nationally Russian SS divisions were much more Ukrainian and Romanian.
      1. Petrik66
        Petrik66 2 February 2018 15: 05
        +2
        Kaminsky’s “Russian” division - with declared -15, numbered 000–5 people. In battles with the regular Red Army participated 3000 time, and then only with the "partisans" and Poles in Warsaw. Through "Galicia" passed 1 people. Romanians - it is difficult to isolate, they served in the hodgepodge "Prince Eugen".
      2. Kot_Kuzya
        Kot_Kuzya 2 February 2018 19: 54
        0
        And what "Russian" SS divisions will you name? And how did they fight? And most importantly, since when did they arise?
    2. avt
      avt 2 February 2018 16: 01
      +3
      Quote: Kot_Kuzya
      This is not counting the many SS divisions recruited from the Croats, Finns, Romanians, Italians and Hungarians who were official allies of Hitler.

      They forgot the Albanians, sent their volunteers directly to SS. Unlike the Cossacks Panvits, Krasnov, Shkuro, who, despite their attempts to declare themselves lost in the open spaces of the Don Goths and taking the oath of SS, were assigned to the headquarters of the SS Panzer Corps. BUT in the form of a “foreign” formation. The Yugoslav Serbs converted to Islam during the time of the Turkish Empire. Ali Izetbegovic incidentally recruited then volunteers in Bosnia and Herzogovina.
    3. Yura Yakovlev
      Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 07: 43
      0
      "Spain supplied Germany with products and sent the Blue Division to the Eastern Front, through which about 50 thousand people passed, and the losses amounted to about 35 thousand killed"

      The blue division was stationed in occupied Novgorod. In the memory of residents was noted by the fact that in the whole district they caught and ate all the cats.
      1. Kot_Kuzya
        Kot_Kuzya 3 February 2018 08: 03
        +1
        The Spaniards, by the way, turned out to be very persistent soldiers. The site, which was defended by the Blue Division, the Soviet troops could not break through.
        1. Yura Yakovlev
          Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 09: 34
          +1
          You don’t need much heroism to succeed when you are attacked by an enemy from a swamp or from the opposite side of the river, and who does not have enough shells and food.
          The second strike from the flanks was pinched by the Volkhov River and the swamp, so it could only advance at the front of four kilometers. Without shells and rear support for the army, defeat was pre-arranged in advance. For the transfer of prisoners of war special heroism is not required.
          I know these places very well. It’s scary to go there in the summer, because you can fall through and drown, not like fighting.
      2. Petrik66
        Petrik66 3 February 2018 14: 17
        0
        The Blue Division lost killed - about 5000 soldiers. Spaniards did not eat cats, but the fact that 7000 Spanish SS fought in Berlin is a fact. All of them come from the "blue" division. In general, it was for Franco that for Poroshenko now “Azov”.
        1. Yura Yakovlev
          Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 17: 04
          0
          You are asserting in vain that which you do not know. Twenty kilometers from Novgorod there is such a village Chaika. So in this village the Spaniards stood at a stand. The hostess herself told me this incident, in which four Spaniards lived. These guests caught the owner's cat, peeled and fried. They treated the hostess and told her that it was a rabbit. She tried and said: “Oh, how delicious, Barsik must leave a bone, too.” But Barsik never came to taste the bone. Well, then of course they admitted that they lifted up Barsik.
          The Spaniards did not like the German rations, and the Germans did not like the Spaniards very much. This is also known from the watchmen, but now they are probably alive.
          But no matter how relations between the Germans and Spaniards evolved, the Spaniards fulfilled their allied obligations, and therefore made their feasible contribution on the side of fascist Germany
          1. Bask
            Bask 4 February 2018 11: 40
            0
            Pikul in his book "Barbarossa" describes eating cats, only Italians.
        2. Kot_Kuzya
          Kot_Kuzya 3 February 2018 18: 47
          0
          50 thousand people passed through the Blue Division, and only about 5 thousand came back to Spain. All the remaining 45 thousand either died or remained in the USSR or Germany.
          1. Yura Yakovlev
            Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 19: 43
            0
            It would be better if not a single enemy soldier returned home. Today we would live more calmly, and hardly anyone would think today to rewrite the history of the Second World War.
            1. Kot_Kuzya
              Kot_Kuzya 3 February 2018 21: 54
              +2
              45 thousand dead Nazi accomplices are also not bad.
              1. Yura Yakovlev
                Yura Yakovlev 3 February 2018 23: 12
                +1
                "45 thousand dead Nazi accomplices are also not bad"
                I totally agree.
  7. Sergeant71
    Sergeant71 2 February 2018 12: 39
    0
    Victory, finally predetermining the outcome of the war. Glory!
  8. Petrik66
    Petrik66 2 February 2018 13: 59
    +1
    In the ranks of the German units, the Khivis actively fought according to Isaev - 21. The Germans surrendered on 000, and the Stumpfeld “division” surrendered on 02.02-03. It consisted of Soviet citizens. They were not taken prisoner. Here is such a zagagulin.
    1. avt
      avt 2 February 2018 16: 14
      +3
      Quote: Petrik66
      In the ranks of the German units, the Heavies actively fought

      fool Before you poke a button, try to find out what actually gathered
      The Nazis used the citizens of the occupied countries in the army as drivers, cooks, grooms, guards of objects in the rear, movers, sappers, storekeepers, orderlies. Hilfswilliger willing to help; Ost-Hilfswillige, Eastern Volunteers)
      Well, from ignorance
      Quote: Petrik66
      . Here is such a zagagulin.
      If you really do not know how to use at least a search engine, then one. Well, if you don’t want to, it’s called differently. But the second campaign, judging by
      Quote: Petrik66
      Stumpfeld’s division surrendered on 03/04.02/XNUMX. It consisted of Soviet citizens.
      Since
      The division was formed in Stalingrad on December 12, 1942. Russian volunteers, Russians from the Cossacks, Ukrainian and Russian police officers who were in the Stalingrad boiler were recruited into the division.
      That is, from the punishers, those same schutzmanscapes are battalion, but not like no Heavies. What the Germans repeated in Ukraine when they ordered the punishers to go to the UPA, leaving them with more weapons than they had accumulated. No matter how many people counted, they could not score more than 40 thousand for the whole Ukraine. This is despite the fact that there the Germans are still there, who did not have time to leave with their own. Which ,, combat brothers "were CUT out on command ,, Wires" simultaneously in all of the UPA’s firing rooms, when the owners changed, well, to the Saxon Saxons.
      1. Vadim Kurbatov
        Vadim Kurbatov 2 February 2018 18: 05
        0
        And the eastern legion?
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 2 February 2018 17: 02
      +1
      The whole joke is that on our side the German "Heavies" fought. Their presence was not particularly advertised, and most often they were reported in documents on various incidents. For example, in 1943 a car with a German driver drove into the dugout of General Shumilov - the hero of Stalingrad. And in 1944, a trophy car with a trophy driver almost ruined the chief of intelligence 315 sd.
      Crimea, April 1944. A case of a shoot-out between the advanced detachment of the Soviet 315 sd and the Soviet 19 tk is being investigated. Quote: "This was due to the fact that the head of the reconnaissance division in a trophy car, under the leadership of a German driver, rode ahead of the detachment" (F.4UF. Op.3004. D.33. L.84).
      © Isaev
    3. bubalik
      bubalik 3 February 2018 00: 13
      +2
      and Stumpfeld’s “division” surrendered to 03-04.02. it consisted of Soviet citizens

      ,,, Yes, on all forums have already proved that this is a fake, replicated this "duck" "

      Here is the recreated path of the “duck” about the brave “fighters with Bolshevism”:
      "First, there was a publication by V. Dovzhenko on the site http://stalingradrus.narod.ru/ There is gratitude to me for the information, but this is not about the invoice for the division, but about the biographical data for General Stumpfeld. Even before I contacted with Dovzhenko, his material was already "walking" on the network. Actually, I came across him on the site ostbataillon.ua.com.
      Then came my publication in MK (1.02.2003), more precisely what the editor made of it. The original version was three times more, the title was different ("Volunteers of Death"), and in addition, the text contained links to information sources (Dovzhenko and his German friends). So the authorship of the brand "Division of Traitors" does not belong to me either.
      And only then (2004) an article appeared in "At the Cossack post" and my commentary on it. However, even before the commentary was published, my book “Under the Banner of the Enemy” was published, where the Stumpfeld group was “placed” already outside the boiler


      Sergey Drobyazko “I do not want to disappoint anyone, but the information given about the Von Stumpfeld division is a“ duck. ”Unfortunately, I also bought it at one time and participated in further replication. In fact, this division did not operate in Stalingrad, but on the Chira front, and consisted for the most part of the German units. "
  9. komrad buh
    komrad buh 2 February 2018 15: 37
    +1
    Bright memory to the soldiers who died for the Fatherland !!!
  10. Dashing
    Dashing 2 February 2018 19: 28
    +1
    Happy anniversary! Eternal memory of those killed in the battles for the Soviet Motherland
  11. soldier
    soldier 2 February 2018 22: 09
    17
    Stalingrad (Volgograd) and now - the last frontier
    In all senses