Military Review

Tu-134: how the Soviet aircraft industry was catching up with the western

In the 60s of the last century, the world civil aviation entered the era of jet liners. In the USSR at that time there was already such an aircraft - Tu-104. However, it was used only on international flights, or on highly loaded domestic flights. Soviet aviation lacked a regional jet, with a capacity of at least 40 people.

The basis for the new Tu-134 was the Tu-124. The airframe and tail assembly were significantly improved. The engines also found a new place - now they were located in the tail section.

Prototypes were released in the 1963 year, then it began a long test. Three years later, the serial assembly of the new aircraft was established at the Kharkov aircraft plant, where it was produced up to the 1984 year.

Tu-134 was actively supplied to the countries of the social camp and Africa. In total, more than 850 units were released.

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  2. bober1982
    bober1982 2 February 2018 09: 32
    The aircraft owes its creation to Khrushchev, whom Caravel made a strong impression when he was on a visit to France, and the Tupolev Design Bureau was tasked with building an analogue.
    It is generally accepted that in the common people the Tu-134 was called the "whistle", maybe it was called that in the Civil Air Fleet, and in the Air Force it is always called the "Little Carcass"
    The plane is very successful, hard worker.
  3. 11 black
    11 black 2 February 2018 17: 38
    Great review! Lemonade planting is not for you muhra muhra good