The basis for the new Tu-134 was the Tu-124. The airframe and tail assembly were significantly improved. The engines also found a new place - now they were located in the tail section.
Prototypes were released in the 1963 year, then it began a long test. Three years later, the serial assembly of the new aircraft was established at the Kharkov aircraft plant, where it was produced up to the 1984 year.
Tu-134 was actively supplied to the countries of the social camp and Africa. In total, more than 850 units were released.