Last Thursday, 25 in January, the press service of the research and production corporation Uralvagonzavod reported on a recent visit by a distinguished guest. According to the published information, in January the Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Military-Industrial Commission of the Russian Federation Oleg Bochkarev visited the Central Research Institute for Petrel Research Institute with a working visit. During the visit, industry experts and a high-ranking official discussed issues of production diversification and the possibility of producing civilian products.
New equipment in the workshop of the Petrel Research Institute. From left to right: the 9Т260 transport-charging machine, the 2C38 anti-aircraft self-propelled Derivation-Air Defense unit, the Whirlwind robotic complex with the AU-220М combat module (hit the frame partially). Photo NPK "Uralvagonzavod" / uvz.ru
The management of the Petrel Research and Development Institute showed the guest a new production building, recently commissioned. There was also a demonstration of promising models of weapons and equipment developed by the institute. Several “exhibits” of such an exhibition are of great interest in the context of the further development of national artillery of medium caliber.
The press service of the Uralvagonzavod Corporation attached a few photos taken during the show of the latest developments to the published report on the visit of O. Bochkarev. In one of the photographs, the company's leaders and the delegation were sealed next to several promising armored vehicles. What is important, one of them first hit the photo, which is subject to publication and distribution in open sources. This photo for the first time showed the general public a prototype of the new 2C38 armored “Derivation-Air Defense” vehicle. It also became possible for the first time to see the transport-loading vehicle for this self-propelled gun.
It is necessary to recall the known data about the project 2C38. For the first time its existence was announced last summer in the framework of the international military-technical forum "Army-2017". The main rocket and artillery department of the Ministry of Defense showed some materials on a new self-propelled anti-aircraft gun with artillery armament, developed within the framework of the project under the code “Derivation-Air Defense”. The goal of this project was to adapt the existing developments on new artillery guns for use in military air defense.
Image ZSU "Derivation-Air Defense", presented at the exhibition "Army-2017". Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com
The project "Derivation-Air Defense", like other developments with a similar name, provides for the use of the armored tracked chassis of an infantry fighting vehicle BMP-3 and a special combat module with an 57-mm automatic cannon. As stated last year, a new combat vehicle must have a set of passive means of observing and detecting targets. At the same time she will be able to fight with airplanes and helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles. There will also be the possibility of shooting at ground targets.
At the exhibition "Army-2017" for the first time the model of a future anti-aircraft self-propelled gun was shown, and now the general public was able to see a full-fledged sample of such a machine. As follows from the published images, the real “Derivation-Air Defense” is almost no different from the old layout. On the standard BMP-3 chassis, which provides high mobility, a new module with gun-and-machine gun armament is mounted. Having a similar weapon, such a module is markedly different from the well-known AU-220M “Baikal”. First of all, the differences consist in a different form of its body: the module for an air defense machine has different lines with a smaller width and an increased height.
According to known data, the 2C38 “Derivation-Air Defense” self-propelled gun will receive standard detection and tracking equipment of the passive type. It is proposed to use the OEC optic-electronic system developed by JSC “Peleng” (Minsk). Such equipment will provide a circular view with the ability to monitor individual sectors of space. The possibility of detecting a small-sized unmanned aerial vehicle by means of thermal imaging at distances of at least 700 m is declared. A full-size aircraft, depending on the operating mode of the optics, can be found at a distance of more than 6400 m.
The main weapon of the ZSU 2C38 should be the newest 57-mm automatic gun. The gun must work in conjunction with a fire control system built using the device ECO OP. The ammunition will consist of 148 projectiles with automatic feed to the gun. The design of the combat module provides a circular alignment horizontally with the possibility of raising the barrel at an angle from -5 ° to + 75 °. The technical rate of fire of the gun is 120 rounds per minute.
Additional weapons of the new combat module - a machine gun and smoke grenade launchers. A machine gun rifle caliber with a remote control is proposed to be installed on the right side of the module. It should be outside the main cap, inside its own swinging casing. On the sides of the module it is proposed to install several multi-barreled smoke grenade launchers aimed in different directions.
A promising combat module for the ZSU "Derivation-Air Defense" is made uninhabitable. The entire crew of self-propelled guns, consisting of three people, must be in front of the hull, in the general office of management. In the central place, as in the case of the base BMP-3, there will probably be a driver, and a pair of side jobs is intended for the commander and the gunner operator.
According to GRAU, the new anti-aircraft self-propelled gun 2С38 will be able to hit air targets at ranges up to 6 km. The altitude of destruction - to 4,5 km. The maximum speed of the attacked air target, which allows to conduct an effective attack, is declared at the level of 500 m / s.
Also on the photo from the workshop of the Petrel Research Institute, there is a promising transport-loading machine 9Т260, proposed for use with self-propelled 2С38 "Derivation-Air Defense". As in the case of the promising ZSU, the development of a new specialized TZM was announced last year, at the Army-2017 forum. The exhibition was attended by the information and the layout of such a sample of technology. Now, the developer has manufactured an experimental auxiliary machine.
The transport-loading vehicle for the anti-aircraft self-propelled unit is based on one of the latest Ural chassis. During the construction of the TZM on the back of the machine is set on-board body, which provides for the placement of four containers for ammunition. According to previously published information, one 9Т260 machine can transport 592 projectiles in caliber 57 mm: four full ammunition for the ZSU “Derivation-Air Defense”. 148 minutes are required to overload 20 shells with TZM to self-propelled shops. The possibility of simultaneous maintenance of two combat vehicles by forces of one TZM.
The third promising model, which fell on a curious photograph from the press service of Uralvagonzavod, was the Vortex robotic complex. The latest version of this project provides for equipping a remote-controlled armored vehicle with an AU-220M Baikal combat module. It is assumed that such weapons will allow the new combat robot to successfully fight against various targets, including armored vehicles of different classes and aircraft.
In the context of the further development of the new 57-mm artillery, the creation of promising shells for a given purpose has been repeatedly mentioned. So, on January 26, the Interfax news agency, commenting on the latest statements by the head of one of the promising armored vehicles projects, reminded about the creation of new guided munitions. This publication cited the famous words of a representative of an organization engaged in the creation of new products of this kind.
Interfax cited statements by Yuri Nabokov, Director General of the NPO Pribor, which is part of the Tekhmash concern and engaged in designing new types of artillery ammunition. According to the head of Pribor, at the first stage of the new program, prospective ammunition will be received by combat modules AU-220М, used on Boomerang armored personnel carriers, as well as infantry fighting vehicles Kurganets-25 and T-15. The main innovation of such shells was to be the use of a programmable fuse.
It should be noted that statements of this kind that can attract the attention of the general public are not new and were made for the first time back in October of 2016. Moreover, by that time the project of new projectiles had already reached the stage of testing and refinement. In the fall of 2016, new unitary shots with projectiles equipped with programmable fuses were submitted for testing. Such ammunition before the shot receives data from the fire control system installed on the armored vehicle, after which a shot is made. By executing a loaded command, a programmable fuse at a given point in time and at a specified distance from the gun produces an explosion of the projectile.
Undermining the projectile at a given point allows you to create a field of fragments, giving a high probability of hitting the target. First of all, such shells are of interest in the field of air defense. The field of splinters capable of damaging the enemy aircraft, slightly reduces the accuracy requirements of the fire, and also facilitates the defeat of small targets.
Thus, the 57-mm gun with a programmable projectile can show good results in the fight against unmanned aerial vehicles, including lightweight class. In addition, the use of high-explosive fragmentation projectiles with programmable detonation to destroy other targets or objects is not excluded. With their help, you can effectively attack unprotected buildings, unarmored equipment or the enemy's manpower, including those located in the trenches.
As of mid-autumn of the year before last, promising 57-mm shells had passed the necessary tests. Then it was stated that all the necessary work would be completed by the end of the current decade. Since then, medium-sized ammunition has been repeatedly mentioned in different contexts, but news about the progress of the work did not appear. Almost all the reports affected the development of 57 mm guns, combat modules for them and carriers of similar weapons.
The existing 57-mm gun from the Petrel Central Research Institute differs from other weapons for armored vehicles with increased range and power, which gives its carrier significant advantages over other military equipment. Taking into account such features of the new weapon, it is not surprising that over the past few years Russian industry has developed several options for using guns and combat modules equipped with it.
First of all, the combat module AU-220М “Baikal” and similar products are intended for use on prospective combat vehicles of infantry of the families “Kurganets-25”, “Boomerang” and “Armata”. In addition, several options for mounting such modules on the BMP-3 chassis are already presented. The result of this was the appearance of the “Derivation” infantry combat vehicle, a new modification of the BRM-3K reconnaissance vehicle, and now the 2 – XNNUMX “Derivation-Air Defense” anti-aircraft self-propelled unit. Separate mentioning is worthy of the Vortex robotic complex, also built on the BMP-38 chassis, but having a set of special equipment.
Having a number of characteristic features, promising technology with 57-mm guns is of particular interest to the armed forces. One of the latest manifestations of such interest was the development of the project "Derivation-Air Defense", commissioned by the Main Missile-Artillery Directorate of the Ministry of Defense. The emergence of this project shows that the military intends to, at a minimum, explore the issue of using new powerful guns in all main areas.
As follows from the available data, in the near future such research work will be carried out using the C238 “Derivation-PVO” self-propelled self-propelled gun and the 9Т260 transport-charging machine. They will have to go to the training ground and show how effective the 57-mm automatic cannon can be in fighting aircraft. It is possible that in the course of such tests, the prospective ZSU will use the latest high-explosive fragmentation projectiles with a programmable fuse.
It should be noted that not all announced combat vehicles with the “Baikal” module or similar equipment have been shown to date. Some of these samples relating to the new families of military equipment, has not yet been demonstrated to the general public. This means that the first "public demonstration" of the prototype 2C38 can be followed by similar demonstrations of other combat vehicles of new models. When this happens is unknown. However, it is clear that new photos or videos may appear in the very near future. The first platform for the demonstration of the latest models of equipment with reinforced weapons can be a parade on Red Square or the upcoming Army-2018 forum.
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