The polar highway was conceived in 1928 year, but its construction began only 20 years later, after the end of World War II. In the world there was a rivalry between two mighty powers, and Stalin was very concerned about the possible landing of an enemy assault force on the uncovered northern shores.
Before 1953, more than 900 kilometers of railway were built in extremely difficult climatic conditions. After the death of the leader, under the amnesty, tens of thousands of prisoners who worked at the facility fell. 25 March 1953 was ordered to suspend the construction and conservation of the Great Northern Railway Track.
Today, in addition to the military necessity of reviving the project, an economic one has been added.