Military Review

Unknown War. 75 years of the end of the Voronezh battle

46



We have celebrated 75 years since the end of one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. Battle of Voronezh. Probably more unfairly hurt by the silence of the moment stories that war is not.

And even today, at all levels, leaders admit blunders. Congratulate the city with the "liberation".

Well, historical illiteracy today is in trend and excusable. Nevertheless, we will correct many. Voronezh was not liberated. Just because it was not captured.

And in January, we marked a different date. 75 years of defeating the European team near Voronezh.



Voronezh became the third in the history, after Leningrad and Sevastopol, by the duration of its stay on the front line. 212 days and nights the front line passed directly through the city.

Unknown War. 75 years of the end of the Voronezh battle


During the entire war there were only two cities - Stalingrad and Voronezh, where the front line passed through the city itself. Are we talking about the liberation of Stalingrad? Not. So with Voronezh the same.

Moreover, Voronezh has become a creepy meat grinder and shield at the same time. Meat grinder for the parts, which were supposed to go to the aid of Paulus in Stalingrad. And a shield for Stalingrad.

Stalingrad became the first in the list of the most heavily destroyed cities. 95%. Voronezh - the second. 94,5%.

The city, undeservedly bypassed titles and awards, but made a huge contribution to the history of Victory.

And - and not captured by the enemy.

Yes, on that terrible summer of 1942, most of the right bank of the city was captured by the Nazis. Large, but not all.



The area of ​​the Agricultural Institute of the Agricultural Institute was left to our troops. The battles there were simply terrifying, in no way inferior to the Stalingrad battles. Hand-to-hand fights for each house.

And on the left bank of the Nazis were able to break through only once.



On July 7, the commander of the German group, von Weichs, announced to his soldiers the final seizure of Voronezh, and a bit later von Beck informed the Führer about this.

Prematurely, and lies cost von Beck a career.

In fact, it was just the beginning. The beginning of the battle led by General Vatutin’s Voronezh Front, and about which Sovinformburo was modestly silent, replacing the truth of the hardest battles with the streamlined words “... stubborn battles in the Voronezh region”.

“Persistent battles” are 40 from 55 of thousands of Italian Alpine corps, this is the whole 8 of the Italian army, this is 170 of 203 of thousands of 2 of the Hungarian army, this is 3 army of Romania and 13 of the Romanian army. Well, 26 German divisions as a supplement in varying degrees of threshing.



In general, the loss of the fascists of all the participating countries amounted to about 400 thousand people. About 75 thousands were captured, by the way, the first fascist generals (German, Hungarian and Romanian) taken prisoner in the Great Patriotic War were taken precisely by soldiers of the Voronezh Front.

An exorbitant price was paid for this. About half a million of our soldiers and officers.

Frankly ugly policy of the country's leadership did not allow the city to take its rightful place among the Hero-cities. Sad of course. But alas, the merits of Voronezh were evaluated only by the Order of the Patriotic War 1 degree.



But - not for the awards fought.



And about the events of 1943 of the year, about the joyful events, when on the Stalingrad, Voronezh, Kursk and Belgorod lands the backbone of the fascist gathering broke, we shall tell.



Recalling the kind words of our soldiers and commanders and not shedding traitorous tears in the innocently killed Germans, Hungarians, Romanians, Italians, Spaniards and others.



Our cause is just, we won! And it was in 1943 that the liberation of the peoples from the brown plague began.
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 29 January 2018 07: 12
    +5
    Thank. And there is. And not only the monuments remind of this. The concentration of monuments, "pyramids" is great. And there could be more.

    Bow to the fallen soldiers.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 29 January 2018 08: 04
    +7
    [B]
    The frankly ugly policy of the country's leadership did not allow the city to take its rightful place among the Hero cities. [
    /bapter...Okay, then the ugly policy was there, now the authorities have nothing to prevent the current authorities from restoring historical justice ... and assigning the city the title of hero ... In Voronezh, memorials are opening to the “heroically” fallen Hungarians. ..And they were not called, as Italians, Romanians, Germans ...
    1. svp67
      svp67 29 January 2018 12: 12
      +9
      Quote: parusnik
      In Voronezh, memorials are opening now, "heroically" to the fallen Hungarians ...

      It is because of them that they most likely decided to push this battle. How is it, the country of the social bloc, and its citizens in that war HOW atrocities even at Voronezh ... So they tried to erase it from the people's memory. And the fact that they are allowed to erect monuments - so I consider it WRONG. They did not deserve our memory.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 29 January 2018 13: 18
        +4
        The question is not a lot off topic .. but relevant ... Why do you, as an admin, allow yourself to use expressions such as U.O.d.sc.a.ya politics in your articles .. I have the same word. r.d. you torn from a phrase, it was not written with a particle, i.e. meaning the opposite .. It turns out Quod licet Iovi, non licet bovi - "What is permitted to Jupiter, is not allowed to bull" ....
        1. svp67
          svp67 29 January 2018 13: 22
          +1
          Quote: parusnik
          Why do you, as an administrator, allow yourself to use expressions such as w.r.o.s.c.a. you tore from the phrase, it was not written with a particle, i.e., meaning the opposite.

          I will say briefly:
          Opinion editorial "Military Review" may not coincide with the point of view of the authors of publications
          1. parusnik
            parusnik 29 January 2018 13: 36
            +1
            Class! good laughing Sarcasm appreciated good
            1. svp67
              svp67 29 January 2018 14: 27
              +2
              Quote: parusnik
              Sarcasm appreciated

              You will appreciate it even more when you find out that I am a freelance, volunteer moderator and I just want to have at least some kind of order and a platform for communication ... We forgot how to communicate and do not teach our children about it.
              1. parusnik
                parusnik 29 January 2018 15: 07
                +1
                You slander yourself ... hi
                1. svp67
                  svp67 29 January 2018 15: 13
                  0
                  Quote: parusnik
                  You slander yourself ...

                  At what plan?
                  1. parusnik
                    parusnik 29 January 2018 15: 15
                    +1
                    I already wrote about this, I appreciated your sarcasm, I read about the order .. It was nice to talk .. hi
    2. RUSS
      RUSS 29 January 2018 15: 41
      +1
      Quote: parusnik
      Okay, then the ugly politics was,

      It is strange from Skomorokhov to hear this, but in fact it’s true, that our government and Sobibor forgot ....
    3. 97110
      97110 29 January 2018 19: 20
      +2
      Quote: parusnik
      what prevents the current authorities from restoring historical justice

      They don’t need to. They will make peace with us, the first important task will be to drive the descendants of the winners under the bench. We will not calm down, we will all yearn for justice. At the first opportunity, we will start a class struggle. It is necessary to beat off this memory, as well as about PMV. This commander must be smart, and the staff - only physically strong.
  3. Engineer
    Engineer 29 January 2018 08: 56
    0
    Yes, grandfathers fought, and politicians kept silence. But in the city there is an ugly glass red pyramid with an avenue of red lights right next to the Monument of Glory. In the 2000s, this place for red lights was chosen by prostitutes. Place Pigalle - in Voronezh. Straight at the eternal flame. The lanterns were removed, and the "city of military glory" was erected on this "Masonic" pyramid - an answer to one of the most heroic cities of the Great Patriotic War. Grandfathers would know what they ended up fighting for ...
    1. nov_tech.vrn
      nov_tech.vrn 29 January 2018 12: 26
      +5
      Voronezh residents know where the Monument of Glory itself is located and the pyramid that you hate, too, and there is also a nearby Alley of Glory, a museum - a diorama on Leninsky Prospekt, a memorial complex on Victory Square and a monument on the legendary Chizhov bridgehead ... not count , Voronezh remembers the story and its heroes.
  4. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 29 January 2018 09: 29
    +6
    During the whole war there were only two cities - Stalingrad and Voronezh, where the front line passed through the city itself.


    Also through Novorossiysk ...
    1. igordok
      igordok 29 January 2018 09: 44
      +2
      Yes, perhaps Novgorod, too.
  5. BAI
    BAI 29 January 2018 09: 35
    +1
    My grandmother had a private house in Voronezh. For the gates were used pillars, all cut by fragments.
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 29 January 2018 10: 17
      0
      in the late 90s, a friend brought, at a low price, oak for the production of solid wood furniture. then it was chic and the status of the buyer.
      "Milling cutters and saws" - from the Kursk region-- all with fragments - the war caught up.
  6. RUSS
    RUSS 29 January 2018 11: 57
    +4
    According to the assumptions, Voronezh did not receive the status of a hero city due to the fact that many Romanians died there, and as you know, after the war Romania became a fraternal social republic, respectively, the Soviet leadership quietly pushed Voronezh. So, for the sake of world socialism and fraternal Romanians, we accept and "forget" the feat of the people!
    1. nov_tech.vrn
      nov_tech.vrn 29 January 2018 14: 02
      +5
      out of 200 thousand personnel of the 2 Hungarian army, 170 thousand were lost, Hungarians were not taken prisoner ...
  7. bya965
    bya965 29 January 2018 12: 02
    +2
    The Magyars were so atrocious that partisan detachments acted there, inside the occupied part of the city.
    That is why they were not taken prisoner.
    The largest Hungarian cemetery near Voronezh.
    That is why they did not give the hero to the city. Hungarians are allies.
    Voronezh saved from blow Saratov, there was the main blow, Stalingrad an alternative.

    1. RUSS
      RUSS 29 January 2018 15: 43
      +1
      Quote: bya965
      The Magyars have been so atrocious

      Engaged in looting and looting for that the Germans themselves punished them allies.
      1. bya965
        bya965 29 January 2018 19: 18
        +3
        Quote: RUSS
        Engaged in looting and looting

        They kill for it, but often not always.
        And for the genocide, they kill. Who did not take prisoners from the Germans?
        CC took, ordinary people, only brainwashed, warriors, often bad,
        but to death. I don’t take those on guard camps, I'm talking about elite units,
        with elite weapons.
        In the movies, people with badges were seen, this is an Feljandarmerie,
        these creatures were not taken prisoner. It was even special
        Hitler’s decree, when they threatened with captivity, they plucked
        their insignia and had a double of documents, according
        which they were ordinary warriors.
        Magyars were worse. It’s amazing for me
        full of friends of Finno-Ugric nationality,
        Chuvash, Karelian, Finns. I will even say we are Russian and our language
        owe a lot to them. But Finns in the Great, Hungarians generally need to hang,
        Estonians now.
        Be Good!
        1. Weyland
          Weyland 29 January 2018 23: 03
          +2
          Quote: bya965
          full of friends of Finno-Ugric nationality,
          Chuvash, Karelian, Finns

          Chuvashs are NOT Finno-Finns. But the Mordovians, Mari, Udmurts, Komi - yes.
  8. faiver
    faiver 29 January 2018 12: 43
    +1
    I do not agree a bit on the scale of the destruction, Voronezh is the second largest city in terms of destruction, but not after Stalingrad, but after Belgorod (which was completely destroyed), and after Voronezh, Stalingrad is already in the percentage of destroyed buildings and infrastructure ...
    but otherwise everything is true ...
    1. nnz226
      nnz226 29 January 2018 22: 55
      0
      In Sevastopol, there were generally 4 buildings at the time of liberation, taking into account that in May 1944 there were practically no battles in the streets: after the capture of Sapun Mountain 7 in May, the Germans almost immediately rolled back to Cape Khersones in the hope of evacuation.
  9. myobius59
    myobius59 29 January 2018 14: 14
    +2
    And what has changed over this time, over these 75 years? For us, our enemies are still “dear
    partners, "and we betray and leave friends.
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 29 January 2018 15: 44
      0
      Quote: myobius59
      And what has changed over this time, over these 75 years? For us, our enemies are still “dear
      partners, "and we betray and leave friends.

      Russia has no enemies.
  10. bubalik
    bubalik 29 January 2018 16: 08
    +6
    Little is mentioned about the role of the NKVD troops in the defense of the city. They, as at the border, were the first to take the fight,


    After the breakthrough of the defense of the Red Army at the junction of the Bryansk and Southwestern fronts, the enemy rushed through the gap to Voronezh and the Don. At that time, there were no army units and subunits of the Red Army in the city. In the archives there is no mention of fighter battalions, other units capable of withstanding the regular enemy forces.

    The units of the NKVD troops in Voronezh turned out to be, in fact, the only combat force capable of restraining the advance of the enemy until the Red Army approached. By order of the Headquarters of July 4 1942 of the year and by subsequent order of the commander of the Bryansk Front, the NKVD units began to prepare for defense on the outskirts of the city. The 233th regiment of the convoy troops received the task of preventing the enemy from entering the Voronezh from the north and north-west, the 287th regiment of the internal troops of the 13th rifle division from the west, the 41th regiment of internal troops of the 10th rifle division - from Monasteries; the battalion of the 125 NKVD regiment for the protection of railway structures was to take up a circular defense in the vicinity of the railway bridge of Art. Scion. Together with units of the NKVD troops, the defense on the southern outskirts of the city was occupied by the training battalion of the 232th Infantry Division. Parts of the NKVD troops were armed only with rifles and a small number of machine guns; there was no artillery support. At the same time, in the 233 regiment there was only one battalion, a machine gun company, a platoon of communications, in the 287 regiment - the 2 battalion without one company, in the 41 regiment - the 3 battalion.

    The city was completely unprepared for defense, at the occupied lines, the personnel of the units during the period from 4 to 6 on July hastily erected defensive structures and prepared for battles with the enemy. In the morning of July 5, the adversary advanced through the defenses of the 232 Rifle Division, which was in the process of incomplete formation, to the west of Voronezh and occupied a grove south-west of the city. In the evening of July 6, through the poorly organized defense of the training battalion of the 232 Division from the southern outskirts (from Malyshevo), German machine gunners leaked into the city. The 287 Regiment, by order of the commander of the 13 Division, without coordinating its actions with other units of the NKVD troops, left the defenses and crossed to the left bank of the river. Voronezh. On the same night, the 41 Regiment, on the orders of the commander of the 10 Division from Stalingrad, also left on the left bank. Without an order, the training battalion left its positions. The 233th NKVD Regiment remained in Voronezh alone. Without any information about the situation, on the orders of the deputy regiment commander, the personnel also hurriedly crossed to the left bank of the river.

    Thus, without a single leadership, by orders of the command of formations located more than a thousand kilometers from Voronezh, military units ended up on the left bank of the Voronezh River without an order. With great delay, the defense of Voronezh was entrusted by the Front Council to the head of the garrison, the commander of the 233 NKVD regiment, who immediately made an attempt to return the regiments and the training battalion to the place of the prepared defense. But the units could not cross into the city: the Germans already ruled there. The next morning, the head of the garrison received an order from the Military Council of the Bryansk Front to clear Voronezh of the enemy. In the middle of the day of July 7, the 287 Regiment, without firing a shot, unexpectedly crossed the river for the enemy and knocked out the Germans from the northern part of the city. Other regiments could not cross the river. The Germans have come to their senses. The next two days, the 287th regiment of the NKVD troops conducted continuous defensive battles with superior enemy forces. But, having no neighbors, having difficulty replenishing ammunition and food, he was forced to return to his original position.

    Beginning on July 8, parts of the NKVD troops were operatively subordinate to the commander of the 6th Rifle Division of the Red Army, together with its units, they repeatedly tried to cross into the city with heavy losses, but to no avail. On July 9, on the basis of an order from the front command, a combined regiment of the NKVD troops was formed from the remnants of units of the NKVD units. Using the accumulated experience and knowing the city, the personnel in subsequent battles successfully performed combat missions. So, already on the 10 of July, in cooperation with the 174-th tank brigade, the regiment of the NKVD troops crossed into battle on the right bank of the river. Voronezh, captured a brick factory and the area of ​​the Agricultural Institute, creating a bridgehead, which was then successfully used by units of the Red Army ...
  11. tiaman.76
    tiaman.76 29 January 2018 17: 42
    +1
    Thank you for the article. everything is written correctly. it’s really not clear why Voronezh is essentially ignored. about the defense of Leningrad, Odessa, Sevastopol, Stalingrad and Moscow, even about Rzhev how much has been shot and written about Voronezh about nothing. request probably even more information about the events on the Korel front and here as a "white" spot. such forgetfulness is not completely clear
    1. 97110
      97110 29 January 2018 19: 39
      +4
      Quote: tiaman.76
      such forgetfulness is completely incomprehensible

      In plain text there is in the comments the idea that in Voronezh almost the entire Warsaw Pact was dug up. Or do not know about the existence of such a youth? Then the Germans were remembered, and the Hungarians, and Romanians. To search, there are graves of Czechoslovakians too, the Bulgarians also must have been noted. The Italians in those days also had a strong Communist Party, the VAZ plant was built in the USSR ... So it turns out that for political reasons ...
      1. tiaman.76
        tiaman.76 29 January 2018 20: 12
        0
        well, you know ... with such "political considerations" you can poheraet domestic history in general. but in general, not a few Romanians were killed, nothing .. the city is a hero .. and that’s not the point at all. Moreover, the Hungarians themselves once more after the war "showed themselves" is not a strong argument, and indeed the Hungarians and Romanians do not care what kind of cities our heroes are, such as sitting and looking out, at the same time making a calculation where there are so many of them who died .. not .. a liquid version
        1. 97110
          97110 29 January 2018 22: 17
          +2
          Quote: tiaman.76
          not .. liquid version

          I have no other. And, knowing the Party members, their ineradicable desire to protect their loved ones from all possible accidents, this is a fully working version.
      2. bubalik
        bubalik 29 January 2018 23: 32
        +2
        that in Voronezh almost the entire Warsaw Pact was dug up


        Judging by the reports of those years, representatives of many European countries fought with Soviet troops in Voronezh. In total, during the battles near Voronezh it was captured 150 of thousands of enemy soldiers.
        In one of the camps for enemy prisoners of war in the Bobrovsky district on the territory of the Khrenovsky stud farm in January 1943, 26 804 people arrived. Among them were representatives of many European countries and nationalities:


        Hungarians - 7280;

        Italians - 9273;

        Germans - 2633;

        Romanian - 489;

        Slovaks - 1484;

        Poles - 29;

        Belgians - 684;

        Ruthenian - 67;

        Jews - 4474;

        Serbs - 366;

        Croats - 16;

        Gypsies - 9.

        Jews and gypsies captured near Voronezh did not hold weapons in their hands. They were part of the workers of the construction battalions of the Hungarian army.

        «Battles on Voronezh land through the eyes of Russians and occupiers ".Sergei Filonenko
  12. captain
    captain 29 January 2018 19: 32
    +2
    "And even today, at all levels, leaders are making mistakes. Congratulations to the city on" liberation. "
    Well, historical illiteracy today is in trend and excusable. Nevertheless, we will correct many. Voronezh was not liberated. Just because it was not captured.
    And in January we celebrated a different date. 75 years of the defeat of the European team near Voronezh. "
    There were terrible battles near Voronezh. Many soldiers died, and not only Germans, Italians, Hungarians, etc. Our soldiers and officers defended this city, defended at the cost of huge losses. Honor and praise be for it.
    But we didn’t fight with the “European team” near Voronezh. Why does the author write about the European team? I think he is a provocateur. Although it may be for money or out of stupidity, European countries are setting up against us that they fought against the Germans during the 2 World War. God is his judge, for what purpose he does it. But the recognition of the merits of the city was not due to the "communist fraternity" so that the Hungarians would not offend the co-workers at the CPSU. And now, the Communists recalled the people and their death, as always after the events when they became ill. Fate the current government. This current government has given Voronezh the status of the city of Military Glory. Present, but not communist, which did not want to spoil relations with the allied parties.
    1. 97110
      97110 29 January 2018 22: 29
      +1
      Quote: captain
      sets European countries against us that fought against the Germans in the years of World War II

      Which ones? SK - island. France is not even funny. Attempted bacteriological attack on the Wehrmacht with IPP overweight? Who else is there? Czechoslovakia? I think they are not aware of this fact. Poland? Do they also need to be configured? Yes, by all means the author tried to cut down the grandmas on this hopeless case ...
  13. bubalik
    bubalik 29 January 2018 19: 57
    +7
    Two weeks before the start of the attack on the city, the German Air Force launched a massive bombardment of the city. As the main goal, the children's entertainment park "Garden of Pioneers" was deliberately chosen. 13 June 1942 cities there wanted to have a holiday in honor of the end of the school year.

    The consequences of the Nazi raid were monstrous - hundreds of dead, wounded and crippled children. “The whole area was littered with dead children's bodies. Torn hands, legs, screaming and crying children, everywhere puddles of blood and horror, ”described the results of the fascist bombing. The next day, a mass funeral of children was held, which took place in a single procession along the main street of the city.

    The invaders themselves were shocked by the deeds of their aircraft. “German soldiers will have a very difficult time. After the bombing of the children's park, the inhabitants of the city and soldiers will be merciless to us, ”wrote Franz Halder, chief of staff of the German army in his diary.

    Immediately after the capture of the right-bank part of Voronezh, the Nazis made an attempt to establish an occupation regime in the subordinate territory. Recruitment to the police was announced and the search for candidates for the position of burgomaster began. But Voronezh became the only city in Europe where the Germans were not able to establish occupying power, not a single person joined the police and did not go over to the side of the enemy.

    The Blau plan set aside 3-4 days to capture Voronezh, the city resisted 212 days and was never conquered.


    The Germans were forced to repeatedly send fresh forces to help the von Weichs group. Hitler even transferred a regiment to the Voronezh front, in which he personally served as corporal. It was assumed that the elite German unit will raise morale. But after two days, only eight people remained from the regiment.
    The attack on the city involved soldiers of the Royal Hungarian army and soldiers of the Romanian army. They all died. Voronezh is the largest Hungarian military cemetery in the world, according to various estimates, from 150 to 160 thousand Hungarians are buried here. In fact, the entire Hungarian army was destroyed in this operation.
  14. nnz226
    nnz226 29 January 2018 22: 52
    +2
    And why is there a Hungarian cemetery on Voronezh land ??? I don’t know about Romanian, Italian, German ... Robbers, murderers and bandits who came to our land deserve nothing but to become an anonymous fertilizer of Russian black earth!
    1. The comment was deleted.
  15. bubalik
    bubalik 29 January 2018 23: 15
    +5
    Stalingrad became the first in the list of the most heavily destroyed cities. 95%. Voronezh - the second. 94,5%.

    The feat of Voronezh continued even after the expulsion of the enemy. Berlin radio then reported that Voronezh was no longer of any value, and the Bolsheviks would need at least 50 years to restore it. The Government of the USSR seriously considered the question of the inadvisability of the restoration of Voronezh, more than 90% of the buildings of which were destroyed. On the streets of the city, in parks, in houses, in basements, the Nazis left thousands of mines. It was possible to move only along the paths laid in the snow by sappers. Only in the first 10 days after the liberation of the city were 580 anti-tank and 816 anti-personnel mines cleared. Subsequently, more than 300 thousands of mines were found. But the inhabitants returned to their hometown, no matter what. And the authorities had to include Voronezh among the 15 cities of the USSR, requiring immediate restoration. Everyone who could, including children, participated in the analysis of the rubble and construction. Work went on day and night. They slept, sometimes right on the street, but did not give up. Already in May 1943, trams went along the destroyed Voronezh, by September the water supply system had been fully commissioned, and in January 1944 gave a current to VoGRES. In two years, 8 000 houses were restored and rebuilt in the city. And after 10 of the post-war years, the city completely rose from the ruins.

  16. ICT
    ICT 30 January 2018 08: 35
    +2
    But - not for the awards fought.

  17. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 30 January 2018 18: 10
    +4
    Here the battle is described in sufficient detail and carefully:
    http://www.segodnia.ru/content/117760
    the total number of captured enemy soldiers taken in the area of ​​the Voronezh Front was about 75 soldiers and officers.

    Moreover, according to various sources, the loss of German troops and their allies amounted to 320 thousand soldiers and officers. Our army lost even more. About 400 Soviet soldiers died in battles on Voronezh land.
    1. tiaman.76
      tiaman.76 30 January 2018 23: 29
      0
      thank you read
  18. Huumi
    Huumi 31 January 2018 11: 40
    0
    Why is there so little? -It would have to write in detail, because of the bitterness, Voronezh has surpassed Stalingrad! -What is the order "Do not take Hungarians captive!"
  19. fighter angel
    fighter angel 2 February 2018 12: 10
    +1
    There is another version of why Voronezh was not given the well-deserved title of Hero City. After the war, a lot of industrial enterprises working for the defense industry, producing secret equipment, several research institutes of the same orientation were concentrated in Voronezh. Offhand, some of them, this is Mech.Zavod, KBHA-rocket engines, Communication Research Institute, "Constellation", "Electrical Appliance", "Electronics", and the same Aviation, the current VASO. And the influx of tourists, including from the "Western countries", which would increase several times, if the title "City Hero" was awarded, to Voronezh was extremely undesirable.
    1. Old raven
      Old raven 4 February 2018 12: 02
      +2
      And this played its role ... of course ... In my opinion, the reason lies elsewhere. In the indifference of people. officials who admitted and continue to admit this in Voronezh (this is not an advertisement of a third-party resource, this is a fight against mankurt on the Voronezh land): http://armyrus.ru/forums/viewtopic.php?t=3&po
      stdays = 0 & postorder = asc & start = 0, Today you can find this kind of symbolism in the Shilovo microdistrict at a gas station: at the same time
      in Voronezh there is one more “Sacred place”, where every inch of the earth is watered abundantly
      the krovochka of the Soviet soldier. This place is the Grove of the Heart,
      A kilometer from the outskirts of Voronezh, on the left side of the highway, an anonymous grove greened. She received the code name "Grove Heart". On a topographic map, this green island really looked like a human heart.
      The name was symbolic. Located on a hill, in the immediate vicinity of the transport highway, the grove was of great tactical importance and therefore became an important defense point, a kind of vital heart of our group, operating on this sector of the front.
      The enemy, having occupied the Heart Grove in the evening of July 7, held it for several days. The enemy hoped to make it a springboard for throwing north along the Zadonskoye highway. But the Nazi plan was foiled.
      During the offensive of units of the 60th army, which began on the morning of July 12, the Grove of the Heart was cleared of Nazis by soldiers of the 195th Rifle Division, Colonel M.G. Mikeladze. The front screen moved to the cemetery and the hippodrome.
      From that time until the end of the battle for Voronezh, the grove and the adjacent sand pit became a convenient place for the location of battalion and regimental command, observation posts, nearest reserves, and advanced medical aid points. Here were the positions of mortars and guns set for direct fire. There were tanks intended for counterattacks.
      At night, kitchens, ambulances and carts came to evacuate the wounded, to deliver ammunition, water, and medicines.
      In the battles that lasted in the grove area for 202 days (from July 1942 to January 25, 1943), our soldiers showed mass heroism and inflicted heavy losses on people and equipment.
      Unfortunately, in the year of the 75th anniversary of the end of the battle for Voronezh, there is no memorial sign (stele, stone ...) about what was happening here. Living today see the temple, see similar signs but they can’t find anything about those who gave them happiness just to live ...
      More details can be found here: http://personalhistory.ru/papers/195sd.htm or by typing in the search engine Grove heart \ Grove of death
      1. fighter angel
        fighter angel 18 February 2018 10: 58
        0
        Thank you for the interesting information. He has been to Voronezh many times. The warmest and most positive memories. Recently I also learned that the oldest car-building plant in the country, located in Voronezh, seems to be “Telmanovets”, during the war years it was also tank repair. Machines were repaired around the clock and, when ready, went into battle, on the right bank.