Military Review

How German soldiers in Crimea froze


As you know, in 1941, the German command made a fatal miscalculation, not providing its troops with winter uniforms suitable for the Eastern Front. Then, when the consequences of the miscalculation became obvious, one of the German quartermasters came up with a terrific way to help the freezing soldiers, by inventing a stunning instruction for them ...

The anti-tank commander Hans Biederman recalled his participation in the siege of Sevastopol: “The second half of November 1941 was freezing nights. Fortunately, in Crimea there is no cruel Russian winter, and we did not experience the long suffering from temperatures below zero that our comrades in the northern parts of the front had to endure. In the northern and central parts of the Crimean peninsula, winter is mostly similar to the one that happens here in Germany, with frost and snow, but on the southern coast, on the “Russian Riviera,” the weather remains relatively mild. ”

But even there, in the relatively tolerable conditions of the Crimea, the unsuitability of the German uniform for the winter turned out: “The days and nights spent let us understand that the winter uniform issued according to the provision on service in the German infantry division was too light, especially for the soldiers in the front line. In front-line conditions, we were forced to live in open trenches or behind stone walls, and the roof over our heads consisted of a light tarpaulin raincoat. In these primitive shelters, we were open to the elements, and it became even worse with the onset of frost and rain. The rear units, including the intendants and support staff, usually used the opportunity to find warm rooms and settled in the existing Russian houses, despite the fact that large-scale naval guns from Soviet ships and from the fortress could cover these targets far behind us. ” Some quartermaster thinker came up with a way to help the German soldiers: “From somewhere in the rear, we received instructions that at night temperatures below zero, army socks can be used as gloves.

The recommendation, clearly stated in a clear military language, stated that soldiers at the front line should cut two holes for the thumb and index fingers in the sock. Someone probably did not know that our boots were about to be thrown away, and their socks almost turned into tatters and there were so many holes in them that it was easy for us to find openings for all five fingers. ”

Who created this wonderful instruction in serious creative torment? What "gloomy German genius"? Socks instead of gloves, but what to use instead of socks? After all, they have already turned into rags. Underwear for such a need to adjust? Was the problem of delivering gloves to soldiers fighting in the Crimea really such an unsolvable problem? Did the Germans "hesitate" to organize their confiscation in Odessa, Nikolaev and other localities nearby? Do not think to buy them in Romania?

The guerrilla movement in the Crimea and the surrounding territories was just being organized. A serious threat to German communications from the actions of the guerrillas has not yet been. To paralyze the supply of Germans with sabotage at that moment was completely unrealistic. But almost the whole winter of 1941-42 was fought by German soldiers in the Crimea, warmed by a wise sock and glove instruction.

It was only at the very end of winter that the situation began to change: “The companies of our infantry regiments were too exhausted during the months of uninterrupted fighting to perform such a task. Now the 9-I company of our regiment consisted of only 18 people; The duties of the company commander were Feldwebel. For weeks, the soldiers did not know a respite, beating off Russian attacks, and then attacking again. Stress and fighting losses aggravated the climate - wet, cold days and frosty nights. In the trenches, under the shelter of a tattered cloak, pocket stoves on which food could be heated from a candle could be heated only to warm sore joints and stiff hands. We perfectly understood that our light clothes are not at all suitable for the Russian winter.

In response to appeals to society for the help of our all-knowing brown leaders, who were sitting far from the fighting in the East, a collection of clothing was organized for soldiers of the Eastern Front. Warm ski sweaters, fur vests, sportswear, thick blankets, woolen socks and mittens, collected this way by the agency of winter assistance, first came to us in February 1942 of the year. ”

Send socks, mittens, etc., in February, when spring is near - this is just the highest chic of quartermaster bullying a soldier. Although, of course, it would be possible to send gloves to the Crimea in June.
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  1. MRomanovich
    MRomanovich 27 January 2018 07: 07 New
    Here are those eprst - to freeze in the Crimea! From time immemorial, our people traveled to the Crimea exclusively to bask.
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 27 January 2018 07: 19 New
      Quote: MRomanovich
      Here are those eprst - to freeze in the Crimea! From time immemorial, our people traveled to the Crimea exclusively to bask.

      With great humidity, even a little frost is scary.
    2. Finches
      Finches 27 January 2018 07: 27 New
      "Poor, poor" Fritz! The quartermasters scoffed at them, the Russian soldier bang-bang, General Moroz rapes ... Maybe I'm wrong, but the article, somehow, is not clear - Kolya from Urengoy smacks of! And who the hell, Germans, you Crimea is pinned - they froze poor fellows!
      1. Same lech
        Same lech 27 January 2018 07: 59 New
        mu-zverstva-fashistov-v-krymu.html / gallery-186215

        it remains after this to regret that not all Fritz froze and rested there.
      2. igordok
        igordok 27 January 2018 10: 40 New
        Quote: Finches
        "Poor, poor" Fritz! The quartermasters scoffed at them, the Russian soldier bang-bang, General Moroz rapes ...

        And here for mockery, instructions are printed.

  2. Korsar4
    Korsar4 27 January 2018 07: 38 New
    I think the winter of 1941/42 was not very warm in the Crimea. And in the trench, and not only in winter, I want heat.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 27 January 2018 08: 09 New
    And again, General Frost, nowhere did the Germans give rest ... Figley, Russian climatic weapons ...
  4. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 27 January 2018 08: 35 New
    Kolya from Urengoy under the pseudonym "Max" is printed on VO?
    1. Curious
      Curious 27 January 2018 09: 16 New
      I wonder where the author got the idea for articles of this content from clinging to headings like fairy tales. Is it really not clear that one is not molded to the other.
  5. Cherkashin Ivan
    Cherkashin Ivan 27 January 2018 09: 57 New
    I read the article and comments. I can’t understand where the commentators in the article found sympathy for the Germans? There is a description of the mess in the Wehrmacht, but there is no sympathy. I somehow came across a whole book that described the "order" in the Third Reich, so there were a lot of similar examples.
  6. samarin1969
    samarin1969 27 January 2018 14: 33 New
    The winter of 41/42 in the Crimea was harsh. Crimean partisans and reports on the landings also recall this. Raw frosty winds in the Crimea are a serious factor even for the current peace time. Thanks to the author. It is more interesting to read than descriptions of operations from textbooks.
    ps And those Germans and Romanians, of course, do not mind ...