The official statistics from the federal agency is as follows: in 2017, the population of the Russian Federation was 146,8 million, of which 109 (74%) million is the urban population. For comparison: in 2016, the population of Rosstat was estimated at 146,5 million with a population in cities of 108,6 million (the percentage did not change - 74%). As can be seen from the presented values, the population growth in comparison with last year was about 300 thousand people. It's pretty good, but ...
As it turns out, the statistics of the Rosstat are shown already for March 2017 of the year. And, despite the fact that 2018 of the year is already coming to an end in January, the Federal State Statistics Service has not published any updates. It is quite clear that there are objective reasons - data on the results of the whole year are being calculated, data from all regions are being collected. However, this calculation is too tight, given the availability of modern means of automating the registration of the number of births, deaths and migrants. I don’t want to rush into conspiracy theories about what will be considered at least until March 19 2018 of the year - so that before the elections there will be no figures that can somewhat sway the rating of the main candidate. And therefore - no conspiracy - only facts from Rosstat for that period, for which it is, as well as data from regional statistical offices at the moment.
Offhand - statistics for the entire 2017 year from the statistical authorities of the Voronezh region. Why is this region worth considering? Recently, it was the Voronezh region that fairly accurately reflected the average demographic situation in the country in terms of changing the number of not only the urban and rural population, but also the dynamics of the number of Russian population in the Central Federal District of the country. You can talk about other districts separately.
So, Voronezhstat publishes data that the death rate in the region with the predominant residence of ethnic Russians in 2017 was a record (over the past few years) exceeded the birth rate - by almost 34%. So, in 2017, 22365 babies were born, but 34190 people died. It is noted that the month that is the most negative for the regional demography, which has already been the year of January, is 3353 who died in the region with less than 2 thousands of births. The regional statistics service notes that these are the lowest birth rates in the region since 2008. From the 85 regions of the Russian Federation, the Voronezh region moved along this indicator from the middle of the “table” to the 67 place.
Further - regional statistics on regions of other federal districts. From January to September, 2017 was born in the Kemerovo Region (Siberian Federal District) about 21,6 thousands of babies were born, which is 3,5 thousands less than in the same period of 2016 of the year. True, the death rate for the same period in Kuzbass decreased: the 28842 incident in 2017 versus 29461 in 2016. However, despite the decline in the mortality rate, as can be seen from the statistics, it still substantially exceeds the birth rate in the number of registered cases in the Kemerovo Region. At the same time, Kuzbass remains one of the more or less successful regions of the country in terms of marriages and divorces. So, from January to September, marriages registered 14003 couples, and divorced “only” 8913 couples. Meanwhile, in the Russian Federation there are regions where for several years in a row the number of divorces even exceeds the number of marriages. For example, this is the Leningrad Region and the Altai Territory.
Statistics data on the demography of the Chelyabinsk region (Ural Federal District) for 2017 year: almost 38,5 thousand people were born in the region, which is by 6,1 thousand less than in 2016. However, the indicator remains such that it is too early to talk about the natural population growth. Mortality in the region is 13,2 people per 1 thousand population.
Data for the Tomsk region (Siberian Federal District). The birth rate for the first 11 months of last year is 11,6 thousand people. And despite the fact that during the same period of the year 2016, over 13,1 thousands of babies were born. It should be noted that the Tomsk region is one of those "Russian" regions where the birth rate still exceeded mortality - if not by much. So, during the 11 months of the past 2017, 11276 people died in the Tomsk region. The gain is fixed.
KhabarovskStat data (Far Eastern Federal District): in the region from January to November 1,559 was born on thousands of children less than during the same time 2016 of the year. Birth rates correspond to 13,375 thousand people. The number of deaths is higher than the number of newborns - 14551 people. The negative in the Khabarovsk Territory is also in the fact that mortality has increased in comparison with the last year - by 166 cases. The main cause of death in the Khabarovsk Territory and other regions of Russia is named - cardiovascular diseases. In a number of regions, every third death occurs precisely from these progressive diseases.
Of course, one could also turn to statistics in a number of regions of the North Caucasus Federal District in order to demonstrate a much more blissful demographic canvas, but in this material I’d dare to dwell on the regions presented - namely, those that reflect demographics in relation to the population with the prevailing number ethnic Russians. As you can see, problems to the throat.
It would be desirable to hope that the program, announced by the president, about material incentives for families at the birth of their first child will produce results. Although this is just a fraction of the necessary measures. The main thing is to give families not the only hope of paying for the birth of a child, but the constant confidence that the state is really interested in supporting the family, motherhood and childhood. Although this notorious “state” has not yet learned to have children by itself ... So, here it’s like a “collective” responsibility, with all the desire to push the problems solely onto state officials.
Another thing is that these state officials are more often about support only in words - this is alarming. It is alarming when in individual cities development programs are expected for years, although constant announcements are heard from the screens that, to stimulate fertility and reduce mortality, “oh, how much” is done. But the fact that regional demography is often influenced by such seemingly distant factors, the closure of FAPs and small-scale rural schools, the elimination of small and micro businesses after suffocation by endless checks and prescriptions, the “optimization” of social services, there is often no sound at all. Is that a moo from the series: "it is not us, it is the machinations of the State Department and the result of American sanctions."
For your information: The “Russian cross” in demography is often called the situation when the death rate in certain regions (or in the country as a whole) exceeds the birth rate - in terms of the graphs of two processes.