Military Review

Shevardnadze and his role in the fate of the Soviet country

42
Today marks the ninety years since the birth of Eduard Shevardnadze, a politician who played a prominent role in stories and the late Soviet Union, and post-Soviet Georgia. Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze was born on January 25 1928, in the village of Mamati, Lanchkhutsky District, in the historical region of Guria in Georgia. The identity of this politician and the consequences of his actions on the post of both the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, and the President of Georgia, cause mixed assessments. About the dead or good, or nothing but the truth. But we will not discuss the identity of Shevardnadze as a person; we’ll dwell on his policy, the consequences of which are still alive.


Shevardnadze and his role in the fate of the Soviet country


For some reason, for a long time in many Russian mass media, Shevardnadze was presented as an exceptionally wise politician, a born diplomat, such a political “aksakal”. However, if you look at the list of “merits” of Eduard Amvrosiyevich, you understand that if he had some kind of political wisdom, then she worked clearly not for the good of the Soviet state. Even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, to which Eduard Shevardnadze also had a hand, the former Soviet foreign minister was no longer a friend of Russia as a president of sovereign Georgia. Instantly "pereobuvshis", yesterday's representative of the Soviet party nomenklatura, the general of the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR quietly reoriented to cooperation with the United States.

Who knows what the fate of Eduard Amvrosiyevich would have been like, if in his youth he had chosen another way of life for himself. He graduated with honors from the Tbilisi Medical College and could enroll in a medical school without exams. Perhaps he would have become an excellent doctor, as many of his fellow countrymen would treat people, and ninety years after his birth he would be remembered with exceptional gratitude. But, after graduating from the technical school, Shevardnadze went along the Komsomol and then the party line. This predetermined his further fate, and Edward's career in the game was very successful.

In 18 years he came to the position of instructor of the personnel department of the Ordzhonikidze district Komsomol district committee of Tbilisi and then went exclusively along the Komsomol line. Neither work experience in the industry, nor military service, nor even a job as a teacher, paramedic or correspondent for the newspaper, Shevardnadze had by this time. Professional apparatchik. In 1952, 24-year-old Edward became secretary of the Kutaisi regional committee of the Komsomol of the Georgian SSR, and in 1953, the first secretary of the Kutaisi regional committee of the Leninist Communist Youth of the Georgian SSR. Naturally, such a successful career in the Komsomol gave enormous chances for continuing a career in party structures. In 1957-1961 Eduard Shevardnadze was the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of the Georgian SSR. It was at this time that he became acquainted with another Komsomol functionary, Mikhail Gorbachev, who in 1958 participated in the 13th Congress of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League as the second secretary of the Stavropol Regional Committee of the Young Communist League.

In the 1961 year, when Eduard was 33, he switched from Komsomol to party work — he headed the Mtskheta district committee of the KP of the Georgian SSR. Then began a dizzying career. The journey from the first secretary of the district committee to the republican minister took him all 4 year. In 1963-1964 Shevardnadze headed the Pervomaisky District Committee of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR in Tbilisi, and in 1964 he was appointed First Deputy Minister of Public Order Protection of Georgia. Then it was a very common practice - to send party officials "to strengthen" the Interior Ministry and the KGB. Yesterday's Komsomol member Shevardnadze, who from 18 years had been exclusively engaged in hardware work, in 36 years found himself in a general's position without the slightest experience in law enforcement and even without military service. The following year, 1965, he was appointed Minister of Public Order (from 1968 - Internal Affairs) of the Georgian SSR and was promoted to Major General of Internal Service. Shevardnadze led the Georgian police for seven years - until 1972.

In 1972, after a very brief leadership of the Tbilisi city committee of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR, Eduard Shevardnadze was elected first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia. In this position, he replaced Vasily Mzhavanadze, who was accused of corruption and promoting the work of the tsehovikov. Eduard Shevardnadze promised to restore order and cope with violations of socialist legality. He conducted a mass purge in the party and state apparatus of the republic, replacing the old leading cadres with young intellectuals and technocrats. However, it was during the years of his leadership of the Georgian SSR - in the 1970-th - 1980-s., The republic had already firmly established the fame of one of the most corrupt in the Union, living by “special rules”, unrelated to Soviet laws. Yes, and "cleansing" of the manual could be a classic preparation for the subsequent flourishing of nationalism.

In 1985, Eduard Shevardnadze was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR. Mikhail Gorbachev needed a reliable person in this post who would share his aspirations for liberalizing the political, including internationally, course. Therefore, the choice fell on Shevardnadze, who, by the way, had no experience in diplomatic work and even spoke the state language of the USSR, not to mention foreign languages, until the end of his life spoke with a strong accent.



It was at the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR that Eduard Shevardnadze inflicted maximum damage to the Soviet state. In fact, together with his “patron” Mikhail Gorbachev, Shevardnadze is directly responsible for the events that led to the final weakening and disintegration of the Soviet state. It was Eduard Shevardnadze who, by his extreme pliability, led to a quick surrender of positions in foreign policy, having managed to completely destroy the socialist bloc in Eastern Europe in five years and prepare the conditions for the complete withdrawal of Soviet troops from Eastern European countries.

In 1987, Eduard Shevardnadze signed the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, which was to enter into force in the 1991 year. As a result of the Treaty, the Soviet Union destroyed 2,5 times as many carriers and 3,5 times more warheads than the United States. The Oka missile (SS-23), which for many years had been created by whole teams of Soviet scientists and engineers, was also destroyed, although the United States did not ask for this. It turns out that Shevardnadze and Gorbachev simply “donated” to the United States the destruction of the Soviet missile modern at that time.

Another famous “case” of Eduard Amvrosiyevich is “Shevardnadze-Baker agreement”. The USSR Foreign Minister signed with the US Secretary of State James Baker an Agreement on the Maritime Delimitation Line in the Bering Sea. The title of this document does not convey the essence of the consequences to which the “delimitation of sea spaces” has led. In part of the Bering Sea, which was discussed in the agreement, were explored large oil reserves, and in addition there were a lot of fish. But the “political aksakal” simply ceded to the United States 46,3 thousand square meters. km of the continental shelf and 7,7 thousand square meters. km of the continental economic zone of the Soviet Union. Only 4,6 thousand sq. km of the continental shelf - ten times less than the United States. Of course, right here in this area appeared the ships of the US Coast Guard and visiting it by Soviet fishing vessels became impossible. Subsequently, James Baker, describing Shevardnadze, said that the main achievement of the latter was the rejection of the use of force to preserve the empire. But there were other, even more interesting words - “the Soviet minister seemed almost like a petitioner. The Soviet leadership needs only a small incentive to conduct business, essentially, on Western terms. ”

Eduard Shevardnadze played a key role in the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. Of course, from a human point of view, the fact that our soldiers and officers stopped dying is a big plus. But politically it was a huge miscalculation. Its consequences were the imminent arrival of the Mujahideen to power in a neighboring country, the full opening of the "underbelly" of the Soviet Union to the attacks of extremists, which began almost immediately after the withdrawal of troops. The civil war in Tajikistan is also the result of this step, as was the flow of narcotics to the post-Soviet republics that killed hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of young Russians.

It was Eduard Shevardnadze who was behind the “surrender” of East Germany. Mikhail Gorbachev and Eduard Shevardnadze in the West are highly respected for the fact that they contributed to the unification of Germany. But what was the use of this for the Soviet state, for Russia? Even the Western leaders themselves were stunned by the actions of the Soviet leadership. Throughout the year 1990, the question of the unification of Germany and the GDR was discussed. And Edward Shevardnadze made concessions of a very serious nature. As is known, the FRG was in the NATO bloc, while the GDR was in the Warsaw Pact. There was an opportunity to fix the need for United Germany to refuse to join NATO, but Shevardnadze conceded and agreed with Germany’s right to re-join the North Atlantic alliance.



In addition, he allowed not to indicate the promise of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany Hans Dietrich Genscher to abandon plans for the expansion of NATO to the East. Although the latter promised the Soviet minister that the former countries of the socialist bloc would never be members of NATO. Shevardnadze explained his actions by the fact that he trusted his negotiating partners and did not need to write down Genscher's promise on paper. What it cost to fix these words in the contract? But there is no fixation - and there is no agreement. In 1990-2000-s, most of the former Soviet allies in Eastern Europe became members of NATO. The North Atlantic alliance has advanced as far as possible to the borders of modern Russia - and this is the most direct "merit" of the then USSR Foreign Minister, the "wise politician."

The process of unification of Germany took place in the maximum hurry. It seems that before Gorbachev and Shevardnadze someone had the task of completing the preparation for the collapse of the Soviet state by the 1991 year. Therefore, 1990 year went down in history as the year of the surrender of the positions of the Soviet Union on all fronts. By the way, the White Fox itself, as the media used to call it, recalled in its memoirs that he made some decisions on the unification of Germany himself, without consulting with Mikhal Sergeyevich. Obviously, Shevardnadze wanted to go down in history as a unifier of Germany much more than to remain in memory of the normal foreign minister of his state. George Bush Sr., President of the United States, was literally shocked by the behavior of Soviet leaders. He recalled that the West was ready to write off multibillion-dollar debts, to guarantee that Eastern Europe would never join NATO, but Shevardnadze did not demand anything in return.

20 December 1990, Eduard Shevardnadze, at the IV Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR, announced his resignation from the post of foreign minister "in protest of the impending dictatorship," although what kind of dictatorship was discussed, it was not very clear. However, in November 1991, he returned for a month to the post of Minister of External Relations of the USSR (instead of the abolished Ministry of Foreign Affairs), but soon the Soviet Union ceased to exist and Edward Amvrosiyevich was out of work. He made a decision to return to Georgia, where in January 1992, a military coup occurred that overthrew Zviad Gamsakhurdia.

10 in March 1992 of the year Shevardnadze headed the State Council of Georgia, in October 1992 of the year was elected chairman of the Georgian parliament, and 6 of November 1992 of the year - Head of the Georgian state (with 1995 - president). Thus, the sovereign Georgia Shevardnadze actually led eleven years - from 1992 to 2003 years. Those who caught that time remember that life in Georgia has become literally unbearable. The war with Abkhazia, the conflict in South Ossetia, the unprecedented growth of banditry - and all this against the background of the complete destruction of the social infrastructure, the total impoverishment of the population. It was during the years of Shevardnadze’s presidency that many Georgian citizens left the country, emigrating to other states, first of all to the very Russia, from which Tbilisi wanted it so a few years ago.

Shevardnadze’s policy as president of sovereign Georgia also cannot be called friendly towards Russia. Although the words "White Fox" repeatedly spoke about the friendship of the Russian and Georgian peoples, he himself tried to turn the country into a US satellite, asking Washington to bring in an international military contingent to the republic. The role of Georgia during the First Chechen War is well known. It was at this time that the country in whose territory the bases of the militants were located was led by Eduard Shevardnadze.

In domestic politics, Shevardnadze suffered a complete fiasco, unable to bring the country out of economic and social catastrophe. 21-23 November November 2003, the so-called occurred in Georgia The Rose Revolution, which forced Eduard Amvrosiyevich 23 on November 2003, to step down as president of the country. After the resignation of Shevardnadze, he lived for almost eleven years. He passed away on 7 on July 2014 of the year on 87-year of life.
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  1. Theodore
    Theodore 25 January 2018 06: 28
    19
    In general: where I checked in, I screwed up and ruined everything!
    1. Pravodel
      Pravodel 25 January 2018 08: 42
      11
      “God marks the huck” - this is how Gorbachev’s policy and his actions are defined for Russia. But not only Gorbachev himself was a rascal, even a big rascal - his environment, traitors: Shevardnadze, Yakovlev, Razumovsky, Bakatin ...

      "People-State-Fatherland" - this is the slogan of every Russian patriot. A strong state, a united people, a prosperous Fatherland, which neither internal nor external enemies will overcome.
      1. baudolino
        baudolino 25 January 2018 11: 21
        +7
        The blame for the collapse of the USSR lies not with some individual characters, but with the entire leadership of the country, the Politburo, the Central Committee, etc. Everything was guided by personal interests, but not destiny of the country. Everyone had major children, and the "leaders of communist construction" were primarily interested in their arrangement. The fish rotted from the head.
        1. ilyaros
          25 January 2018 12: 47
          +7
          What is interesting - for example, the son Beria Sergo was an engineer, he built rockets. And during the war - a scout in Iran, I volunteered. Well, about Stalin will not mention, it is known. Zhdanov - the son of a learned chemist Yuri Andreevich. Mikoyan's son is a pilot. But then the "elite" began to decompose and her children too
          1. iouris
            iouris 27 January 2018 16: 08
            0
            Quote: ilyaros
            the "elite" began to decompose and her children too

            “Elite” are those against whom sanctions are not imposed, who are not imprisoned and, moreover, are not shot.
        2. Atilla
          Atilla 25 January 2018 13: 12
          +5
          Nevertheless, more Georgians cannot be placed in leading positions in Russia. They would have one, but there will probably never be more such Russian Georgians, I mean Stalin.
        3. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 28 January 2018 13: 58
          +1
          Sorry, where did we look? Or maybe they didn’t see, or didn’t want to see? This is when in the most hammered Siberian village the granny on the market shouted "I don’t sell for rubles, tilks for American dollars!" Fault ALL FOR US.
      2. uskrabut
        uskrabut 25 January 2018 15: 55
        +1
        Quote: The Truth
        "People-State-Fatherland"

        For liberalists, this is emetic with a laxative. Oh, and sausages from these simple and understandable words.
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 25 January 2018 10: 11
      +5
      Quote: Theodore
      In general: where I checked in, I screwed up and ruined everything!

      Let us not forget that Shevarnadze is the purest product of the communist system (born 1928): he grew up and was brought up under the Leader, never worked by anyone (you cannot consider Komsomol and party-nomenclature roles as work), he did not study, and so it grew.
      1. To be or not to be
        To be or not to be 25 January 2018 10: 58
        +3
        Olgovich Today, 10:11 "Let's not forget that Shevarnadze is the purest product of the communist system"
        System product?
        And what for centuries has the country been ruled by the Varangians, is this the same system?
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 25 January 2018 11: 20
          +1
          Quote: To be or not to be
          And what for centuries has the country been ruled by the Varangians, is this the same system?

          what's the connection belay
    3. siberalt
      siberalt 25 January 2018 13: 47
      +5
      And where would this nurse be by education if not for Gorbachev? belay And the anti-adviser Yakovlev was turning that.
  2. venaya
    venaya 25 January 2018 06: 29
    +8
    Own actions Shevardnadze explained by the fact that trusts negotiating partners and it is not necessary to write down Genscher's promise on paper. What was worth fixing these words in the contract?

    Well where is there so widely publicized them all "civilization"?
    1. LeonidL
      LeonidL 25 January 2018 08: 07
      +8
      Civilization is for the civilized, but Shevarnadze and Gorbachev were already understood and considered the kings of the future semicolony, so they were bombarded with “beads” in the form of prizes, pats on the shoulders, and praises in newspapers ... How much does a poor person need for happiness? And this audience all the time thought of the country and the people only with hatred - they say the bad people went to such "wise" democrats. In the West, they felt happy and rich ... Political homeless people.
  3. Amurets
    Amurets 25 January 2018 06: 32
    17
    In domestic politics, Shevardnadze suffered a complete fiasco, unable to bring the country out of economic and social catastrophe. 21-23 November November 2003, the so-called occurred in Georgia The Rose Revolution, which forced Eduard Amvrosiyevich 23 on November 2003, to step down as president of the country. After the resignation of Shevardnadze, he lived for almost eleven years. He passed away on 7 on July 2014 of the year on 87-year of life.

    Aspen stake in his grave. He did not deserve more from anyone: neither from his people, nor from the peoples of the USSR.
    1. LeonidL
      LeonidL 25 January 2018 08: 09
      +7
      There was another friend of the "humpbacked" - Yakovlev, also worthy of aspen, and even thicker and drive deeper. Ghouls like the liberals and democrats who succeeded them. They drank the blood of the people plenty ...
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 25 January 2018 09: 10
        +5
        There are Yakovlev’s memoirs --- praise of his meanness. The supervisor of the disaster
  4. Chichikov
    Chichikov 25 January 2018 07: 23
    +7
    All right, what else was to be expected from him? After all, as they said, in those years he was Gorbachev's closest associate!
  5. XII Legion
    XII Legion 25 January 2018 07: 29
    25
    The traitor of the motherland, in a word
    Thank you!
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 25 January 2018 07: 31
    10
    Somehow a good word is not found ...
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 25 January 2018 09: 08
      +8
      What words? Alexei! Letters alone, letters! Sneaky enemy of the USSR, master re-shoes. His role is the role of the scoundrel and the hated freak !!!!!! After reading his biography, I think ---- to break - not to build! Georgia --- in sewage and waste! She can't get up already.
      Careerist from youth. You must be a rare lysopope, so that at 18 years after the medical school the personnel department of the District Committee of Komsomol. There must be something else ---- what a blat.
      Thank you very much for Ilya’s article --- I would not be going to find out about the vile, but I read everything.
  7. dmitrii.safonov.dm
    dmitrii.safonov.dm 25 January 2018 09: 36
    +2
    Quote: Reptiloid
    What words? Alexei! Letters alone, letters! Sneaky enemy of the USSR, master re-shoes. His role is the role of the scoundrel and the hated freak !!!!!! After reading his biography, I think ---- to break - not to build! Georgia --- in sewage and waste! She can't get up already.
    Careerist from youth. You must be a rare lysopope, so that at 18 years after the medical school the personnel department of the District Committee of Komsomol. There must be something else ---- what a blat.
    Thank you very much for Ilya’s article --- I would not be going to find out about the vile, but I read everything.


    QUESTION to study as a doctor,
    in techie, become a general and minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia, and then minister of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs !!! ???? Apparently SOCIAL LIFT !?
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 25 January 2018 09: 44
      +4
      Quote: dmitrii.safonov.dm

      1
      dmitrii.safonov.dm Today, 09:36 New
      Quote: Reptiloid
      What words? Alexei! Letters alone, letters! Sneaky enemy of the USSR, master re-shoes. His role is the role of the scoundrel and the hated freak !!!!!! After reading his biography, I think ---- to break - not to build! Georgia --- in sewage and waste! She can't get up already.
      Careerist from youth. You must be a rare lysopope, so that at 18 years after the medical school the personnel department of the District Committee of Komsomol. There must be something else ---- what a blat.
      Thank you very much for Ilya’s article --- I would not be going to find out about the vile, but I read everything.


      QUESTION to study as a doctor,
      in techie, become a general and minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia, and then minister of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs !!! ???? Apparently SOCIAL LIFT !?

      No! This is a social kick to the top, from the grateful "countrymen"
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 25 January 2018 12: 15
        +3
        Quote: Amurets
        No! This is a social kick to the top, from the grateful "countrymen"

        Nikolai, I welcome you, because you yourself saw a lot of what was happening and read, like what. It is probably correct to say that the Baltic states, Georgia, were special worlds in the conditions of the USSR ?! But shchassss ---- sucks!
        1. uskrabut
          uskrabut 25 January 2018 15: 49
          +1
          Quote: Reptiloid
          what the Baltic states, what Georgia ---- special worlds were in the conditions of the USSR ?! But shchassss ---- sucks!

          What they fought for ....................
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 25 January 2018 09: 46
      +3
      Well yes! Well yes! For the small I did not see the big! Maybe somehow I studied somewhere in the evening-correspondence?
      Here the elevator is so elevator. Although, after all, is there an agreement on childbirth? Something like this?
      1. ilyaros
        25 January 2018 10: 12
        +3
        he graduated from history in absentia, but already in 50, being in positions, so it’s not worth mentioning such "education"
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 25 January 2018 12: 19
          +1
          Quote: ilyaros
          he graduated from history in absentia, but already in 50, being in positions, so it’s not worth mentioning such "education"

          Most likely, this was formal, just for show. With such and such posts, take exams and sit at the desk ????? !!!!!! But maybe he did? To be more accessible to contacts and bribes in an informal setting? I wonder how that .....
    3. Dagger75
      Dagger75 25 January 2018 12: 29
      +3
      This social elevator is called - by pull, corruption, etc.
  8. Vikxnumx
    Vikxnumx 25 January 2018 09: 54
    +3
    The pan is hotter for him!
  9. nnz226
    nnz226 25 January 2018 12: 50
    +3
    Anecdote from the times of the USSR. Shevarnadze is riding (then 1 Secretary of the Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party) on his Volga with the number 0001. Suddenly he is overtaken by the same black “Volga” with the number 0000. In amazement, Shevarnadze orders to stop the "insolent". Stop it. It turns out burly Georgians. Shevarnadze asks him: "Who are you." - "I'm a butcher. And who are you?" - "I am Shevarnadze!" - "I don’t know this ... But judging by your car numbers, you also live quite well!"
    And so Eduardushka earned nothing but spitting on the grave ....
    1. uskrabut
      uskrabut 25 January 2018 15: 47
      +2
      All traitors have one end, it’s time to cut through some of the modern ghouls.
  10. Slon_on
    Slon_on 25 January 2018 13: 52
    +5
    By the way, another scoundrel - Saakashvili, also on the Komsomol line once worked.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 26 January 2018 01: 16
      +2
      Quote: Slon_on
      By the way, another scoundrel - Saakashvili, also on the Komsomol line once worked.

      Is he alone? Berezovsky; Khodarkovsky, Gaidar, Yakovlev. And you can add.
      1. Slon_on
        Slon_on 26 January 2018 08: 13
        +3
        Their list is extensive and vile, in the same place Turchinov. But, pooh on them!
  11. Uma palata
    Uma palata 25 January 2018 15: 20
    +4
    It's disgusting to even read.
    Treacherous, cunning, merciless.
    He is one of the immediate destroyers of our native country, the Soviet Union.
    After the assassination of the Union, it ruined the future and all prospects of Georgia, putting its own homeland under the boot of the Americans.
    Betrayal came from all over the top of the Union. An unprecedented phenomenon ...
    It is bad that this creature, tagged, will not go to trial.
    Instead of condemning the betrayal, some kind of "wall" is being erected in Moscow itself, the "center of Yeltsin" by the godless. And in addition, instead of a boycott of the "Olympic" games for the state account, a team of workers goes.
    All of this is wrong. Very wrong.
    A trial should not be arranged, such as what Khrushch arranged after the death of Stalin.
    It would be enough to illuminate broadly and in detail the history of the greatest betrayal, all of these ... list by name. And to drive on several television channels.
    They won’t do that.
    Selective forgetfulness.
    As if not to repeat in our own current history.
  12. uskrabut
    uskrabut 25 January 2018 15: 45
    +3
    "Yesterday's representative of the Soviet party nomenclature, the general of the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the USSR calmly reoriented toward cooperation with the United States."
    Serf essence, nothing can be done about it. The question is how Gorbachev’s degenerate was able to smuggle the same degenerate to the highest echelons of power, where the KGB was and why they weren’t removed. “He died suddenly as a result of a serious illness”? Really there were no sensible people, really did not see how they love the interests of the country?
    They would have both killed in Pharos, the people still would have put candles in honor of the dead in the church.
    1. Nehist
      Nehist 25 January 2018 16: 10
      +3
      So Gorbachev what Shevardnadze creatures Andropov! And he just led the KGB. He pulled them up in due time. So it's not so simple
  13. Streletskos
    Streletskos 25 January 2018 20: 02
    18
    Helovatenka role in the history of our country
    One Georgian created
    The second Georgian - passed.
  14. Viktor77
    Viktor77 25 January 2018 23: 07
    +3
    Let Judas burn in hell, like his boss.
  15. Dimmih
    Dimmih 26 January 2018 12: 28
    0
    This is just for those who dream of the return of the USSR and the Communists to power: who ruined the country? The Communists and collapsed, with those who graduated from the Higher School of Internal Affairs and brilliantly knew the MSS. Human nature is sinful and people were weak - indulged in personal weaknesses by virtue of their capabilities. So, state officials are needed in the country's leadership, no matter how they call themselves. Definitely not communists, they lost their right to power having lost the country that their predecessors created. Note, small, but very important: before creating a great country, they destroyed an even larger empire ... For which they are big fu.
  16. Doliva63
    Doliva63 26 January 2018 16: 31
    +4
    Feeding Andropov. Grow began after Stalin. Supported by Khrushchem. Neither had any relation to the party, nor to its ideology. Sneaky careerists with whom there was no one to fight.