Military Review

Third Chinese aircraft carrier to receive an electromagnetic catapult

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The promising Chinese aircraft carrier Type 002A, which is currently under construction in Dalian, will be equipped with an electromagnetic catapult. According to Defense Talk, the development of this device has already been completed; The project was implemented under the leadership of Ma Weiming, a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.


According to unconfirmed reports, China has been developing its own electromagnetic catapult since the end of 1990's. Since 2002, the country has been building a ground-based test facility with an experimental electromagnetic catapult; it ended in the 2014 year. Previously, it was known that it was tested "dead weight", and reliable information about the launches of aircraft did not appear.

Third Chinese aircraft carrier to receive an electromagnetic catapult


The length of the Chinese catapult is about 120 meters with a length of electromagnetic guides about a hundred meters. A laboratory prototype of a Chinese electromagnetic catapult was built on the 1 scale to 1 in the 2008 year. Where exactly the complex is located is not disclosed.

At the beginning of 2010, the Chinese media have repeatedly reported that the electromagnetic catapult will receive the second aircraft carrier (Type 001A), but in April last year this ship was launched without a catapult; from it the planes will take off with the help of a springboard.

In November last year, Rear Admiral Yin Chuo, head of the advisory commission of the Chinese Navy, said that the enterprises of the Chinese defense industry had completed the development of an electromagnetic catapult for promising aircraft carriers. According to him, the device has already passed the test program, including launches of combat aircraft, reports the publication "N + 1"

Photos used:
Simon YANG / Flickr
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  1. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 22 January 2018 17: 53
    +7
    Well done, the Chinese nevertheless, are gaining strength rapidly, but so far they are not a threat to us, for the United States, yes ...
    1. bouncyhunter
      bouncyhunter 22 January 2018 17: 54
      14
      Vitaly, hello! hi
      The promising Chinese aircraft carrier Type 002A, which is currently under construction in Dalian, will be equipped with an electromagnetic catapult.

      Mattresses have not yet howled that China has slammed their catapult? wink But seriously - I envy the Chinese.
      1. Logall
        Logall 22 January 2018 18: 03
        17
        Paul, hiWhat should they envy? There are one and a half billion living on the coast ... The rest of the country is empty!
        Here it’s not the Chinese, But we need to envy the Chinese industry ... But to adopt the hard work and ingenuity! Although, our ingenuity and ingenuity will not be worse, only the government is not looking for them! But in vain ...
        1. Doliva63
          Doliva63 22 January 2018 18: 14
          13
          Allow me to shake? drinks They should be jealous if only because they have not yet given up socialism (although I have not been there, I can’t imagine how it is “one country, two ways”). And it’s definitely not for us to be industrious and especially inventive - to take, for example, our capitalism. I think this is nowhere to be found. laughing drinks
          1. Logall
            Logall 22 January 2018 18: 17
            +7
            Quote: Doliva63
            I think this is nowhere to be found.

            My friend, our mind is not understood, Yes arshin not measured, the country is unique! Take at least epithets for her ...
            1. bouncyhunter
              bouncyhunter 22 January 2018 18: 28
              +7
              Sanya hi
              Quote: Logall
              ours, not understood by the mind, Yes, not measured by arshin, the country is unique! Take at least epithets for her ...

              For some reason, I recalled a joke, where the key phrase: "With such a mess we are invincible!" . what
              1. novel66
                novel66 22 January 2018 18: 32
                +5
                let me study hi a good thing is the el magician catapult - more voltage, less disc - railgun !!!
                1. bouncyhunter
                  bouncyhunter 22 January 2018 18: 37
                  +6
                  Quote: novel xnumx
                  a good thing is the el magician catapult - more voltage, less disc - railgun !!!

                  Epic power! belay So the Death Star is not far ...
                  1. novel66
                    novel66 22 January 2018 18: 46
                    +5
                    chur, I'm a Jedi! (oh! repeat )
                    1. Logall
                      Logall 22 January 2018 19: 51
                      +4
                      Friends, I’m sorry, but I like Sith more! Under Vladyka Cityius, as under Stalin, order was in place. Bribery didn’t even smell! But the Jedi, In this epic, are too liberal. With them we would certainly not have built a railgun, not to mention the death star! No offense hi
                      1. novel66
                        novel66 22 January 2018 20: 05
                        +1
                        they are very unsympathetic, lack of grace
            2. Doliva63
              Doliva63 22 January 2018 18: 37
              +6
              Yes, normal epithets, what really! You read in the morning, you already want to live! laughing drinks
        2. MIKHAN
          MIKHAN 22 January 2018 18: 24
          19
          Quote: Logall
          what do they envy? There are one and a half billion living on the coast ... The rest of the country is empty!
          Here it’s not the Chinese, But we need to envy the Chinese industry ... But to adopt the hard work and ingenuity!

          So the Poet is all right, but there is such a tradition in China, to shoot his corrupt officials and thieves in public and regardless of their merits and capital .. This also plays a very huge role in the economy and politics of the country!

          That's what we need .. Otherwise, everything is useless!
          1. Logall
            Logall 22 January 2018 18: 28
            14
            Oh, agree, Vitaly, oh, agree! They launched it so much that if we start to shoot all corrupt officials, then we will remain completely without the state apparatus. But with something you need to start ...
            1. novel66
              novel66 22 January 2018 18: 35
              +5
              and quickly so that at least someone remains
            2. Alex 2016
              Alex 2016 22 January 2018 18: 36
              +5
              The state apparatus and their women are not sorry, it is a pity that there are no smart and honest people there. And the Chinese are great. They work, our tongues shake.
              1. TOPchymBA
                TOPchymBA 22 January 2018 18: 50
                0
                And who determines smart or not? For example Tukhachevsky - is he smart?
                One professor suggested a fair selection of people - Cerebral sorting is called. But no one needs this, and even accused of fascism.
            3. Angel_and_Demon
              Angel_and_Demon 22 January 2018 18: 49
              +6
              Quote: Logall
              But with something you need to start ...

              otherwise we’ll finish soon ........
            4. yehat
              yehat 22 January 2018 18: 49
              +6
              Well, about the state apparatus, are you sure that we have it?
              the state apparatus cut - yes, but about the apparatus for effective governance of the country - the question!
              I would like to give a very strong historical episode, shown in the film as a hero. The emperor recognized the killer, who refused to kill him, as his only friend, who understands him, but was forced to execute, because this is the law.
              And then buried with honors of the great state hero. This is the foundation of the Chinese state. For centuries, they have adopted this principle.
              1. Logall
                Logall 22 January 2018 21: 01
                +3
                Yes, I watched this film about 10 years ago ... Great philosophy is enclosed in it. But our officials do not understand it! Like a well-fed hungry ...
          2. Overlock
            Overlock 22 January 2018 18: 31
            +3
            how some physiognomies are missing in this photo! It remains only to regret, alas
          3. Omskgasmyas
            Omskgasmyas 23 January 2018 08: 31
            0
            And we also!
            I mean, relatives and friends are promoted to positions.
      2. MIKHAN
        MIKHAN 22 January 2018 18: 14
        +8
        Quote: bouncyhunter
        Mattresses have not yet howled that China has slammed their catapult? But seriously - I envy the Chinese.

        Hello Pasha! China is generally well done .. They have integrated their economy competently, although they have a Socialist system and the Communist Party in power for how many years ..! Of course, they thought it was under Mao, they almost made a war with the USSR (although they owe a lot to us, with technology and economic assistance) It’s just right to learn from them .. hehe
        1. bouncyhunter
          bouncyhunter 22 January 2018 18: 30
          +6
          Quote: MIKHAN
          Just right to learn from them

          That's for sure, but nothing ...
      3. yehat
        yehat 22 January 2018 18: 14
        +1
        The United States has long known that the Chinese have stolen all the technical documentation from the catapult.
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt 22 January 2018 18: 32
          +3
          Quote: yehat
          The United States has long known that the Chinese have stolen all the technical documentation from the catapult.

          Another + in favor of the Chinese. It means not only the hands are able to work, but also the Chinese scientific and technical intelligence was on top as always.
        2. Doliva63
          Doliva63 22 January 2018 18: 40
          +5
          I suspect that the Americans know that the Chinese have stolen much more from them laughing
      4. Black_Vatnik
        Black_Vatnik 22 January 2018 18: 32
        +1
        The juice itself is that China obviously focuses on building and modernizing the Navy. And all the prowlers still shout that from day to day the Chinese will attack the Far East)
    2. Esoteric
      Esoteric 22 January 2018 18: 40
      +2
      Quote: MIKHAN
      Well done, the Chinese nevertheless, are gaining strength rapidly, but so far they are not a threat to us, for the United States, yes ...

      Even ants, when many of them are a threat to humans ... belay And if, moreover, they are fiery ... There are no need to divide the neighbors on the planet into fellows and fellows. They must be accepted either as friends or ignored ...
    3. pafegosoff
      pafegosoff 22 January 2018 20: 07
      0
      Tore my words from the LANGUAGE ...
    4. Ratmir_Ryazan
      Ratmir_Ryazan 22 January 2018 21: 01
      0
      Yeah, not a threat, have already forgotten about Damansky and other provocations ?!
      1. MIKHAN
        MIKHAN 22 January 2018 21: 46
        +3
        Quote: Ratmir_Ryazan
        Yeah, not a threat, have already forgotten about Damansky and other provocations ?!

        They didn’t forget, but there was something else .. We, in their opinion, betrayed Stalin and the Socialist principles, the construction of Communism! That aggression was .. And Russia in China is very respected for a long time! It’s our liberals from the USA who are scaring us with the Chinese threat and are trying to play off .. Here are such things at Khalkhin Gol ..))
        1. Monster_Fat
          Monster_Fat 23 January 2018 05: 34
          0
          In China, "socialism"? There they do not “smell” from the word “at all”, there is a banal “planned” capitalism, and even with an imperial “bias”. wink
      2. Omskgasmyas
        Omskgasmyas 23 January 2018 08: 33
        0
        I’ll say seditious things, only please do not reflect. With Damansky we were wrong.
  2. Gladius
    Gladius 22 January 2018 17: 54
    +3
    China painfully advances on the heels of the United States in all sectors. So the day is not far off when the Chinese economy will be in first place in the world.
    1. TOPchymBA
      TOPchymBA 22 January 2018 18: 09
      +1
      Only here in China lives a billion, and in the United States three times less.
      1. Esoteric
        Esoteric 22 January 2018 18: 45
        +1
        we should be more interested in the question: "For what purpose does China produce aircraft carriers? Who is it going to put on its knees?" If memory serves me right, aircraft carriers are by no means a means of defense ...
        1. Doliva63
          Doliva63 22 January 2018 19: 21
          +8
          Aircraft carriers - a means of active defense laughing drinks
        2. Bossota
          Bossota 23 January 2018 13: 17
          +1
          Quote: Esoteric
          question: "For what purpose does China produce aircraft carriers? Who is it going to put on its knees?" If memory serves me right, aircraft carriers are by no means a means of defense ...

          Aircraft carriers are operational-tactically highly mobile combat units that allow you to quickly concentrate significant forces in any area of ​​the oceans. And who on earth are maritime states ??
          (tooltip: USA, England, Japan, Australia, etc.)
    2. dauria
      dauria 22 January 2018 20: 30
      +4
      the day is not far off when the Chinese economy will come first in the world.


      She is already 2 years old at first, if according to faculty. And if you look at the structure, then China is a factory, the USA is a shopping and entertainment center.
  3. san4es
    san4es 22 January 2018 17: 55
    +4
    China has been developing its own electromagnetic catapult since the late 1990s.


    Feb 2015

    ... USA test
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 22 January 2018 18: 08
      +2
      In the first video, an experimental stand on superconductors? belay Liquid nitrogen is cooled.
      Even it seems to me that life-size it will be too complicated.
      1. yehat
        yehat 22 January 2018 18: 21
        +6
        not really. Americans stole technology from the USSR for the cheap production of liquid nitrogen and a number of other inventions.
        I’ll tell you so - all the latest Amer’s novelties in military technology without theft from the USSR simply would not have come out — compact phased arrays, integrated aerodynamics, stealth technology, laser boeing and much more are developments of the USSR, often with successful experienced or even serial ones models. Even the new NATO rifleman almost all takes the principle of Kalash as a basis. The SR-71 would not have been built without theft of proprietary titanium welding technology. Great engineers in the USA, but it so happened that breakthrough solutions came from the USSR in a very large proportion. Even Doshirak Soviet invention)))
        1. Korax71
          Korax71 22 January 2018 23: 13
          0
          Che is not visible in their small kilometer clearances, nor the bolt frame under half a kilo weight, and for some reason ergonomics are not impaired to the level of Kalash belaythen I see that we have all the equipment in the afar. damn mattresses are here. And the claymore from our monk was stealed, and the British tooth got rid of the dragon tooth from pfmki and the engine was instantly silent about technology 15. plagiarism of clean water. stole under clean, along with the best practices. And finally, Ivan the Terrible still knows when he invented blowjob and x-rays.
          1. yehat
            yehat 24 January 2018 08: 44
            +1
            stealth technology - it all started with a report at the international forum of one of our old physicists, I don’t remember his name
            AFAR or PHAR is not important. The Americans stole the method of calculating compact antennas, and not only technology - whole departments of radio electronics from universities went there.
            look at the huge antennas on their long beach cruiser. And how they decreased.
            Mig15 engine is a very old story, not about him. The British created a prototype of this engine before ww2. I’m talking about the period of about 25 past years, this is the time when the famous scientific and technical progress from the USSR really achieved results.
            Here is another example for you - the first thermonuclear reactor in the world in the USSR was built as early as in the 1s. Tell me, who else could do this?
      2. san4es
        san4es 22 January 2018 18: 27
        +2
        Quote: Gray Brother
        In the first video, an experimental stand on superconductors? belay Cool with liquid nitrogen.


        request ... Probably overheating of the coils (on the model)
        R - small for speed (exponential) or for "lubrication"
        1. Gray brother
          Gray brother 22 January 2018 18: 35
          +1
          Quote: san4es
          ... Probably overheating of the coils (on the model)

          For coils, liquid nitrogen is too greasy.
          1. san4es
            san4es 22 January 2018 18: 36
            +2
            what ... For "lubrication" or levitation can? laughing
            1. Gray brother
              Gray brother 22 January 2018 18: 39
              +1
              Quote: san4es
              ... can lubricate the model?

              Well, sort of, the friction is removed.
              1. san4es
                san4es 22 January 2018 18: 41
                +3
                ... reboot ... added above wink
          2. Boa kaa
            Boa kaa 22 January 2018 21: 15
            +1
            Quote: Gray Brother
            For coils, liquid nitrogen is too greasy.

            Maybe so. But this is what I’m thinking about:
            AVM goes to sea ... Sea water is an electrolyte in its essence. What will happen when it gets on the current-carrying, superconducting parts of the electrocatapult !? belay
  4. starogil
    starogil 22 January 2018 17: 55
    +2
    Well done Chinese!
  5. svp67
    svp67 22 January 2018 18: 01
    +6
    Mentally applaud. Bravo of China.
    1. Logall
      Logall 22 January 2018 18: 12
      +3
      Quote: svp67
      Mentally applaud. Bravo of China.

      But, still, do not rock the boat! There are not so many of us, but we are born in vests!
      1. svp67
        svp67 22 January 2018 18: 18
        +2
        Quote: Logall
        But, still, do not rock the boat!

        Let’s wait and see what they did. It’s ONE to declare, but to do it, it’s completely different ...
        1. Logall
          Logall 22 January 2018 18: 20
          +4
          Sergey, I agree with you! Their SUVs skidding in the snow where I drive in a Korean sedan ... Even through tinted windows it is seen how embarrassing the owners of the above cars are!
        2. sapporo1959
          sapporo1959 22 January 2018 21: 53
          0
          Moreover, we kind of said the same that the aircraft carrier ten years later lay unparalleled .. It will also be interesting!
  6. Herculesic
    Herculesic 22 January 2018 18: 10
    +1
    I will not be amazed if it turns out that our ideas and technologies are used there!
  7. Lexus
    Lexus 22 January 2018 18: 10
    +4
    Third Chinese aircraft carrier to receive an electromagnetic catapult

    There you go.
    Where exactly the complex is located is not disclosed.

    If I understand correctly, here is a valid sample. Photos with coordinates

    and a link to Wikimapia
    http://wikimapia.org/#lang=ru&lat=30.983827&a
    mp; a
    mp; lon = 121.341130 & z = 17 & m = b
    I enclose. hi
  8. Normal ok
    Normal ok 22 January 2018 18: 17
    +3
    China has coastal anti-ship systems, cruise / ballistic missiles and good air forces. BUT, all the same, it builds aircraft carriers. Where are you, those who argued that with all of the aforementioned Russia, aircraft carriers are not needed.
    1. demiurg
      demiurg 22 January 2018 19: 17
      +3
      When we have 80% of the population living 100km from the ocean, then we will have to somehow deflect air defense in the sea.
  9. Simon
    Simon 22 January 2018 18: 19
    +2
    Quote: MIKHAN
    Well done, the Chinese nevertheless, are gaining strength rapidly, but so far they are not a threat to us, for the United States, yes ...

    It may not be a threat to us yet, but who knows? At the end of the sixties of the last century, they were the same friends at first, and then climbed onto Damansky and shot our border guards, we had to smoke them later with “hurricanes”. As the saying goes - "trust, but keep your ears open!" yes
    1. MIKHAN
      MIKHAN 22 January 2018 18: 46
      +5
      Quote: Simon
      It may not be a threat to us yet, but who knows? In the late sixties of the last century, they were the same friends at first, and then climbed onto Damansky

      There was a case, Mao was strange and arranged experiments .. But in general, the Chinese respected Stalin and after Khrushchev decided that we betrayed the ideas of Socialism (something like that, everything was hushed up)
      And they went their own way, even though they shed a lot of blood, but nevertheless the country, economically and militarily, became powerful with the leading role of the Communist Party! For this, they are a huge plus! soldier
  10. Maz
    Maz 22 January 2018 18: 22
    0
    We have su-57 and Armata, among the Chinese catapult, right now the Americans will begin to look for an answer. Trillism counted.
    1. yehat
      yehat 22 January 2018 18: 40
      +4
      The Chinese are far from just a catapult. For example, they are actively developing AWACS aircraft.
      So far, the Americans are still leaders, but the gap is already very small. China's fleet is already impressive.
      Plus a whole range of promising weapons - from infantry fighting vehicles and tanks to hypersonic missiles and aircraft.
      But the main thing that China has is a real 600 thousandth expeditionary force, which is equipped with engineering for active transfer (dock ships and another wide auxiliary fleet, landing ships, aircraft carriers, a fleet of hundreds of pennants not lower than a destroyer, transport aircraft, etc. .), including abroad, as well as a network of logistics terminals around the world.
      1. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 22 January 2018 22: 37
        +1
        Quote: yehat
        But the main thing that China has is the real 600 thousandth expeditionary force,
        Calm down, plz! This is all for coastal expansion within the AD / 2A zone, where access to surface forces of other states is prohibited due to the real threat of their destruction.
        But then - no, no! Further hunfuz wait for the submarine submarine forces of the US Pacific Fleet. This is 26 Moose and 3 Sea Wolf ... And this is too tough (so far!) Even to us, not like Chinese rattles. (No offense to fans of the Hongfuza!)
        But I didn’t hear something about the fact that China lowered a new low-noise submarine ... So, with such a threat from under the water, the Chinese ASUs will not leave far from the coast. Therefore, China needs a balanced fleet, with modern, low-noise submarines.
        1. kamski
          kamski 23 January 2018 21: 42
          0
          with such a developed industry, such a science, these issues will be quickly resolved
          1. yehat
            yehat 24 January 2018 08: 52
            0
            here you are mistaken. in the east, due to the nature of parenting, not many people are able to move science. Their share in society is many times lower than in Europe or in our country. They can improve, improve, simulate a breakthrough with a design or PR, they can decisively and quickly invest or make, but with the creation of a new one it’s really a little tough.
            Look at what distinguished professors are doing in China, they are stupidly adapting industrial espionage products. And in Japan they adapt, though more often than not stolen, but bought. And the new is created very, very little.
        2. yehat
          yehat 24 January 2018 08: 58
          0
          you should not watch everything through the prism of confrontation with the United States.
          rather, this corps is to protect economic interests. In Africa or Ukraine or Hungary or Kazakhstan. Or to share something with India. or fight with the Japanese over the islands. So far, only 2 countries have such an instrument - USA and China.
          Before the USSR, the French and the British also had this, but now they are not the same.
  11. astepanov
    astepanov 22 January 2018 18: 28
    0
    Sorry, there is not a word about what kind of energy source for the catapult: flywheel? induction drive? Electrochemical capacitors? Without this, the news is about nothing. The Americans, by the way, have a flywheel.
  12. Overlock
    Overlock 22 January 2018 18: 34
    +3
    Quote: yehat
    Even Doshirak is a Soviet invention

    staplers in surgery and fibrogastro (colon) osprey are also ours. Now buy from them.
    I read somewhere that the diaper is also ours
    1. TOPchymBA
      TOPchymBA 22 January 2018 19: 30
      +6
      Reminded of a joke.
      The UN meeting determines which nation has done more for humanity. An American is speaking - our great compatriot Marconi invented the radio - thanks to which we have TV and the Internet. Applause. Russian jumps up - nonsense three years before Marconi radio Popov invented here documents. The hall was quiet.
      It turns out that the Englishman - our great compatriot invented the steam train - the benefits of which are enormous. Applause. Russian jumps up - nonsense 30 years before your train was invented by our brothers Cherepanov - these are the documents.
      Impressively, the Frenchman enters the podium slyly looking at the Russian. Our great compatriot by the name "Minet" invented the well-known method of sex for everyone - the benefits of which cannot be calculated. Stormy prolonged applause. A Russian jumps up - this method was known for a hundred years before your minnet - I quote a letter from Ivan the Terrible to the boyars - "I had you bastards in my mouth and see through and through." The last words refer to the Germans who will now stand up and will prove that they invented the X-ray.
  13. Altona
    Altona 22 January 2018 18: 38
    +1
    Quote: Logall
    Oh, agree, Vitaly, oh, agree! They launched it so much that if we start to shoot all corrupt officials, then we will remain completely without the state apparatus. But with something you need to start ...

    -----------------------
    Why shoot? First, put in a cage and make to give the loot, and then on a Komsomol ticket to saw or sew mittens.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  14. Alex 2016
    Alex 2016 22 January 2018 18: 39
    +1
    Once a proposal flashed across the vast expanses of the forum on the purchase of ships from the Chinese. I think there is a reason for this.
    1. Roma 1977
      Roma 1977 22 January 2018 19: 13
      +3
      It is much better to buy Chinese officials centrally. And the police. And she was already on the spot to give out cartridges by the piece, from Soviet stocks.
  15. donavi49
    donavi49 22 January 2018 19: 27
    +2
    Supercretch will soon go to the seas.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 22 January 2018 19: 29
      +3
      And yesterday they launched the sixth landing ship helicopter carrier dock type 071. This ended the series.

      The new landing ship will be of a universal type, close to Wosp - the 075 type, its construction is already underway in Shanghai.
      1. KERMET
        KERMET 22 January 2018 21: 41
        0
        The question is, is it impossible to combine a catapult with a springboard on an aircraft carrier?
  16. sapporo1959
    sapporo1959 22 January 2018 22: 01
    +1
    Yes, the Chinese didn’t sell for anything! Stamped and stamped. But God forbid, they change their minds about fighting in America and they’ll tear to our Far East, and we are only holding portraits of Putin, I’m afraid that they will trample ..
  17. Tamek
    Tamek 22 January 2018 23: 15
    0
    Better springboard than this. Expensive and unreliable crap
    1. sapporo1959
      sapporo1959 23 January 2018 00: 05
      0
      And if you still try the trampoline? We have specialists in trampolines in our country, we’ll bungle so that it will become better than a springboard ...
    2. sabotage
      sabotage 23 January 2018 00: 06
      0
      Quote: Tamek
      Better springboard than this. Expensive and unreliable crap

      Spear, bow and battle ax!
      1. Kolyan Realov
        Kolyan Realov 23 January 2018 03: 53
        0
        Well, there is some truth to this. The springboard cannot break. With a steam catapult, there will certainly be problems in the cold. The speed of take-off from a springboard is faster than from a catapult. But you can’t start AWACS from a springboard. Best of all is a springboard and also an electromagnetic catapult for launching AWACS and combat aircraft with a load from which it will not take off from a tramline.
        1. Tamek
          Tamek 23 January 2018 11: 48
          0
          1. Price. For this money, you can build another Kuznetsov.
          2. "The general director of the Nevsky Design Bureau also noted the low reliability of promising systems. With all its advantages, as open sources suggest, electromagnetic catapults still lose steam by almost two orders of magnitude reliability. Electromagnetic systems are not yet very reliable, which is why the number of critical failures for a certain number of work cycles is still too large "
          For me, these two big minuses overlap those ten small pluses.
          1. kamski
            kamski 23 January 2018 21: 40
            0
            I understand if they said people who created catapults for ships, but such experts on theorists do not respect themselves
    3. kamski
      kamski 23 January 2018 21: 38
      0
      why is Trampoline better to name at least one reason, or the main thing is to jump ???
      1. Tamek
        Tamek 23 January 2018 22: 43
        0
        "Queen Elizabeth" in the know. The British did not even call Zadornov stupid.
  18. Clone
    Clone 23 January 2018 02: 24
    0
    Nda ... I do not want to envy, but it becomes sad.
  19. faiver
    faiver 23 January 2018 05: 36
    0
    I envy white envy ....