150 anniversary of the birth of PA Stolypin

68
Opponents of statehood would like to choose the path of radicalism, the path of liberation from the historical past of Russia, liberation from cultural traditions. They need great upheavals, we need a great Russia!
P.A. Stolypin


150 years ago, on April 15, 1862, a child was born in the Stolypin family, living at that time in Dresden, Germany. The boy was named Peter and soon brought to Russia to the family estate of Srednikovo. Arkady Dmitrievich, the father of Peter Arkadyevich, was an active participant in the defense of Sevastopol; during the Russian-Turkish war he served as governor-general of Eastern Rumelia, later headed the grenadier corps in Moscow, and he was commandant of the Kremlin Palace. Mother, Natalya Mikhailovna (nee Princess Gorchakova), presented her husband with three sons - Mikhail, Peter, Alexander, and daughter Maria. Alexander, the younger brother of Peter Arkadyevich, became a journalist and was one of the organizers of the October 17 Union.



The childhood years of Peter Stolypin were held in the family estate, where he and his brother received home education. Then he entered the Vilna gymnasium, where he studied for six years, but in 1879, in connection with the service of his father, the whole family moved to the city of Orel, and in the Orel gymnasium Peter finished his education. In 1881, he received a certificate of maturity, in August of that year, he became a student at St. Petersburg Imperial University in the natural department of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. As a student, Stolypin was interested not only in physics and mathematics, differing in breadth of his outlook, he enthusiastically plunged into the study of botany, chemistry, agronomy, geology and zoology.

Peter's elder brother Mikhail Stolypin died in a duel in 1882, and Peter married his bride, Olga Neidgardt. Before his death, Mikhail himself put his bride's hand in his brother's hand. The union of Peter and Olga is a classic example of family ministry: the Stolypin had five daughters and a son.

After graduating from university in 1884, Stolypin began his career as a civil servant, joining the Ministry of the Interior. Two years later, Stolypin transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture, occupying a very modest post of assistant clerk. A year later, Stolypin became the district leader of the nobility, and already in 1899, he headed the provincial nobility. In addition, Stolypin is awarded the title of honorary justice of the peace.

Career Stolypin rapidly went up the hill, and in 1902, he took the post of governor of Grodno, and in February 1903, he became the Saratov governor. It was during the Saratov period of his career that Stolypin demonstrated his outstanding managerial talent. Improvement of the city was in full swing: the streets of Saratov were covered with asphalt and lit with gas lamps, water supply systems, hospitals and educational institutions were built that meet European standards. It was in Saratov that the first attempts were made on the young governor. The strong personality of the state official Stolypin, who had taken a tough stance against the rebels from the very beginning of the 1905 riots of the year, did not give rest to extremists.

For competent and effective actions to curb the actions of extremists in the Saratov province, Stolypin received the title of chamberlain of the court of His Imperial Majesty and the personal gratitude of Nicholas II.



26 April 1906 of the year Stolypin was appointed Minister of the Interior, and 8 of July of the same year, as a result of the dissolution of the State Duma and the resignation of I. L. Goremykin, Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin became Prime Minister.

People thirsting for great upheavals could not accept the fact that Stolypin became the second person after the Emperor in the country, and already 12 in August 1906 at the dacha of the Prime Minister a bomb was detonated. As a result of this atrocity, twenty-three people died, thirty-five were injured, Peter Arkadyevich’s daughter Natalya, who suffered severe injuries, and Prime Minister’s three-year-old son Arkady were among the wounded.

The most well-known reform of Stolypin was the land reform, the purpose of which was to create in Russia a class of small owners, the emergence of strong farms. The purpose of the changes was to transform the peasant into the owner, the owner of his land plot, that is, the endowment of his property rights. To implement this goal, the government has taken a range of measures. First, by order of 9 in November 1906, peasants received the right to consolidate their allotment into ownership, becoming full-fledged owners of their own land, they could take out a loan from the Peasant Bank against the security of their property. The second principal direction of agrarian reform was the implementation of the resettlement policy. A huge number of peasant families moved to regions in dire need of settlement, namely, Siberia and the North Caucasus, which was a vital condition for the normal development of the country. The government issued concessional loans to migrants, provided funding for the relocation, and at first donated state land to peasants.
As a result of land reform in the country's agriculture, colossal changes occurred that affected the majority of its population.

150 anniversary of the birth of PA Stolypin


Special attention of the great Russian reformer was enjoyed by the defense and security of the country. In connection with this significant achievement of Stolypin was the implementation of military reform in the country. The defeat of Russia in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. demonstrated the need for transformation in the army. Within the framework of the overdue reform, three main directions are distinguished: the formation of new principles for manning the army, the rearmament of the armed forces, and the construction of infrastructure. Under the reform, a new Military Charter was approved, in which the order of army conscription was clearly spelled out, the powers of draft commissions were determined, as well as benefits on conscription. As a result of the reform, the monetary allowances of officers radically increased. The negative experience of the naval war with Japan determined the installation of a new linear fleet Of Russia. The strategic military interests of the state were taken into account when laying new railways. The construction of the Amur Railway was dictated precisely by considerations of facilitating the mobilization and transfer of forces to the Far Eastern outskirts of the empire.

As the initiator of the military transformations, Stolypin was a principled opponent of Russia's involvement in the global confrontation that emerged on the eve of the First World War. Stolypin foresaw the disastrous impact of the future war on the economy and the social sphere and tried to prevent Russia from joining it, in particular, by making titanic efforts so that the Bosnian 1908 crisis would not result in a big war.

In August 1911, Peter Arkadyevich was to travel to Kiev, where the whole imperial court was to be present at the opening of the monument to the Tsar-Liberator Alexander II. On the days of the celebrations in Kiev, Stolypin was asked to be extremely cautious, since the security department had information about a possible assassination attempt on the representatives of the government and the imperial court.

1 September 1911 was shown at the Kiev Theater in the performance of the play “The Tale of Tsar Saltan”. The presentation was attended by many government officials, Emperor Nicholas II and Chairman of the Council of Ministers P.A. Stolypin. At the beginning of the second act, a terrorist approached Stolypin and fired a pistol at him twice. From a direct wound in the heart of Peter Arkadyevich, the reward, once received by him from the hands of the Emperor - the cross of St. Vladimir, saved him. The bullet entered Stolypin’s body at an angle, breaking through the lung and liver. The second bullet pierced the left hand. According to eyewitnesses, having settled into a chair, Stolypin utterly: “Happy to die for the king!”



The injury was so severe that they decided not to do the operation, since its outcome was obvious: in any case, Stolypin would not have sustained blood loss. Peter Stolypin died 5 September 1911 of the year. His ashes rest on the territory of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.

Heading the imperial government, Stolypin was not afraid to take on a huge burden - to turn Russia face to progress and ensure the country a stable development, which, no doubt, would not only guarantee Russia an indisputable leadership role in world politics, but also predetermine the harmonious evolutionary development of society for many decades to come. Stolypin's death launched a chain of tragic events in stories The Russian state of the 20th century, the worst of which was the 1917 disaster of the year and the fratricide that followed.
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  1. Dust
    -18
    April 14 2012 09: 16
    Found a character for the icon, the right word!
    It was he who lay the blame for the collapse of the empire, and the main memory of him was the Stolypin carriage and Stolypin tie!
    1. itr
      +9
      April 14 2012 09: 28
      Well, in vain you are so! was a good man did a lot
      And how did he destroy the empire? and which one?
      1. Dust
        -15
        April 14 2012 10: 11
        Russian empire ...
        What did you think about?
        1. itr
          +5
          April 14 2012 10: 19
          Strange in 11, the country was booming
          1. Dust
            -15
            April 14 2012 10: 58
            This "rise" also led to the very recession, after which the revolution followed - the combustible material was successfully prepared!
            1. +1
              April 14 2012 12: 38
              Sir, the recession occurred through the fault of the weak-willed Emperor.
            2. Altergo
              +3
              April 14 2012 13: 05
              Recession is a world war in which Stolypin did not want to climb? Replace the concepts of Mr. Dust.
              1. Dust
                -10
                April 14 2012 14: 42
                World war is not a recession at all, recession is a completely different concept ...
                In the vast majority of cases, war is a way out of a recession in the economy ...
              2. Zynaps
                +2
                April 14 2012 16: 46
                dude, you're raving. what, nafig, world war in 1911? where do you get grass from? or is the Chuy valley already in fire and smoke clouding the cities and the energy of the Saving?
            3. Odinplys
              +11
              April 14 2012 21: 38
              Dust,

              In all countries where Jews settled in large numbers, they lowered their moral standard, commercial honesty, isolate themselves and are not amenable to assimilation. They ridiculed and tried to undermine the Christian religion. They established a state in the state and, in case of opposition to them, seek to mortally strangle the country financially. If we, through the Constitution, do not exclude them / from the United States /, then in less than two hundred years they will rush in large numbers, gain the upper hand, swallow the country and change the form of our government. If you do not exclude them, then in less than two hundred years our descendants will work in their fields to provide them with food, while the Jews will rub their hands in money-changing offices. I warn you, gentlemen, that if you do not exclude the Jews forever, your children will curse you in your graves.

              BENJAMIN FRANKLIN / 1706-1790 / American physicist and politician. From a speech in the discussion of the US Constitution in 1787
              + + + 100
          2. Zynaps
            -9
            April 14 2012 15: 33
            Quote: itr
            Strange in 11, the country was booming


            this rise was carried out exclusively at the expense of French and English loans, for which three years later millions of Russian soldiers had to be sent to a war in which Russia had practically no interests of its own.
      2. +1
        April 14 2012 11: 43
        royal - thanks to his reforms, a sharp stratification began in the village, and hence the aggravation of the class barrier. Western political scientists oppose such an interpretation, but as a dog do not name it, in fact, it is a dog.
        1. +4
          April 14 2012 12: 21
          "sharp stratification in the village, and hence the aggravation of the class barrier"- you assert that it has an artificial origin, objective reasons and inevitability were not seen and were not assumed?
          There is reason to agree with you, yes, dishonest people seized the moment and turned temporary instability into the collapse of everything.
          No, it was not the change of circumstances of peasant life that provoked a catastrophe, but it happened because of the brain damage in power and the elite by some kind of mold. What nonsense - immigrants from princely and wealthy merchant families became bombers and Marxists? (I don’t want to mention a large admixture of immigrants from a famous tribe).
          1. Dust
            -2
            April 14 2012 12: 25
            But is it not because the princes fell into the bombers, that something was going wrong in the country?
            Did you actually read Herzen? And Kropotkin? There are many more authors from whom you can learn a lot of interesting things ...
            1. +1
              April 14 2012 12: 45
              This is the reason for my bewilderment - how did these Herzen, people who hated everything Russian out of principle, become the idols of the then hipsters? And there is also an eternal problem: when a person lives in prosperity and tranquility, the brain becomes limp, "moldy" and he begins to act to his detriment in some kind of striving for acute and deadly sensations, which he would not have dared to, having enough worries about the day.
              1. Dust
                -5
                April 14 2012 14: 44
                It is clear that you didn’t read Herzen, like Kropotkin, but you are guided by the yellow sources ...
                1. Zynaps
                  +1
                  April 14 2012 16: 56
                  it feels like it is Mr. Besogon himself who has glanced at the light - such an unclouded blizzard sweeps in half with the blind adoration of Beloved Pege.
            2. Altergo
              +1
              April 14 2012 13: 12
              The princes went to the bombers just for the reason that Stolypin rightly considered the then elite to be rotten (this is true today), and was going to create a layer of small proprietors who had no time to engage in nonsense in the form of political intrigue and worship of ideals alien to the country's patriot.
              1. Dust
                -3
                April 14 2012 14: 45
                And to read a little more about Stolypin and his views, about the opinion of his contemporaries about him, including those not related to revolutionaries - weak?
            3. Nickname
              +1
              April 14 2012 19: 23
              Herzen, Kropotkin ... that smiled.
              Have you read Pikul?
            4. 0
              April 15 2012 13: 25
              Quote: Dust
              Did you actually read Herzen? And Kropotkin? There are many more authors from whom you can learn a lot of interesting things ...

              Yes, liberal and socialist ideas, a change in social formation, etc., spread in Europe of the 19 century. Herzen and Kropotkin were the part of the European intelligentsia that generated such ideas. But why did you, Dust, decide that something was going wrong in the country? All of Europe was embraced by these ideas. Russia is by no means an exception. So, in your opinion, it turns out that something was wrong in the entire European space. And the first revolutions took place in Western Europe, starting with the French ....
          2. Zynaps
            -6
            April 14 2012 16: 50
            Quote: Kite
            No, it was not the change of circumstances of peasant life that provoked a catastrophe, but it happened because of the brain damage in power and the elite by some kind of mold.


            will you show a note about the moldy brains of the elite from a venereologist? instead of directly and honestly looking at the problem, the fifth point wagging begins, just to not destroy the dogma of the infallibility of the Beloved Pege.
        2. Odinplys
          +1
          April 14 2012 21: 32
          vezunchik,
          The separation of classes ....)))
          That is ... in your opinion ... the development of Russia should remain at the level of a raw materials appendage ...
    2. +4
      April 14 2012 09: 36
      He is not ranked among the saints, he was harsh, although he was right, but the weak martyr was called a great martyr, who is to a large extent responsible for the death of the country.
      1. itr
        0
        April 14 2012 09: 46
        Kite, how are you right! I’m directly shaking your hand, I also raised this question to Nicholas’s priest !!! drinks respect
        1. Jaromir
          +8
          April 14 2012 11: 57
          Study carefully what the Stolypin land reform is! With a ruler and calculator! And much of what the armchair figures broadcast will be seen differently! The preferential loan, which everyone is talking about so beautifully now, is 2% !!! Not today's candy wrappers, but gold! What is relocation? Why on earth should a peasant go to hell on little kulichi if there are thousands of hectares next to the landlords! Whole latifundia are cultivated by farm laborers, the grain from which goes directly abroad, in much the same way as it is with oil today, and the peasant, in case of crop failure, begins to starve! Here is the main reason for the future turmoil. Who was the first to shout "Land to the peasants!" then the men went! And there were 85% of them !!! population of the empire!
      2. 0
        April 14 2012 11: 46
        I agree, moreover, Nicholas 11 and his mother accused the murder of his elder brother, and his father asked before the death to renounce in favor of Mikhail. You will destroy Russia - said Alesander !!!
      3. Odinplys
        0
        April 14 2012 21: 46
        Kite,

        Of course, he does not paint the abdication of the Tsar from the throne ... How he does not paint the history of Russia ...
        The issue of cononization ... controversial ...
      4. 0
        April 15 2012 13: 52
        Quote: Kite
        but they called a weakling a great martyr, who is to a large extent responsible for the death of the country.

        The Great Martyr N. Romanov was recognized for great torment and death.
        In my understanding, the destruction of the imperial family was nothing unreasonable, in fact a sacred murder of old imperial Russia.
        Thanks to Stalin, he did not let Russia disappear, he revived the empire.
    3. +1
      April 14 2012 11: 41
      YOU are right- Stalypin, pretending to be the idea of ​​the kulaks and transferring agriculture to the rails of capitalism, destroyed the existing way of life, which accelerated the overthrow of tsarism!
      Yes, Stolypin respects his portrayal,
      inflexibility, fearlessness, but ...
      1. Dust
        +1
        April 14 2012 12: 28
        Sometimes, perseverance and inflexibility are not the best quality ...
        Take the same young reformers, the same Chubais ...
        1. Altergo
          0
          April 14 2012 13: 16
          There is no need to compare the country's patriot with the red-haired great combinator.
        2. Odinplys
          -1
          April 14 2012 21: 50
          Dust,

          Chubais is a protege ... of the Rockefeller clan in Russia ... inherently an enemy ... but ... as long as they are loyal to Russia ... they don’t touch him ...
          1. +4
            April 14 2012 22: 28
            Quote: OdinPlys
            Chubais is a protege ... of the Rockefeller clan in Russia ... inherently an enemy ... but ... as long as they are loyal to Russia ... they don’t touch him ...


            Chubais is a member of the board of directors of the largest bank of the Rockefeller group "J. P. Morgan – Chase. " Russia, represented by President Medvedev, follows the interests of the Rockefeller group (Third President of the Russian Federation D. Medvedev, as V. Putin's successor in 2007, was introduced to the world community in Davos by the representative of the Rockefeller group in Russia, Chubais AB). In the person of Prime Minister V.V. focuses on the interests of European "grand pianos" who do not like the Rockefeller group. And both peaks of the formal duumvirate are opposed to the interests of the Rothschild group. (China)
            And since the leadership in the duumvirate remains with Putin, then the distribution? the “interests” formed in Russia (interest on capital) look something like this: 50% (gas) - in favor of the “grand pianos” and 25% (oil) - in favor of the Rockefeller group. At the same time, 50% is the money of the private coalition of Putin with their placement in German-speaking banks of Austria, Switzerland and Germany. And 25% are state funds of the Russian Federation, located in the English-speaking Rockefeller banks.
            Today, the Russian Federation supplies 180-190 billion cubic meters to Europe. gas per year, and with the commissioning of all gas pipelines (Goluboy-2, South and Nord Stream) plans to supply up to 400 billion cubic meters. That is, all the gas of Russia, Central Asian countries and even Iran, according to Putin’s plan, will go not to the Rothschilds and the Chinese factory of the XNUMXst century, but to the energy of Europe. And this is the geopolitical choice of Putin V.V. in favor of the alliance of Russia with the “grand pianos” in spite of both the Illuminati and the Sons of the Covenant.
    4. Altergo
      +2
      April 14 2012 13: 01
      Here it is the biased opinion of the blinded haters of Russia. Stolypin is one of the great politicians of our country, and indeed, if he had been given those very quiet years, then probably the terrible events that had happened would not have happened. That is why the comrade revolutionaries hunted him so manic. But at the expense of wagons and ties, if you look more closely at the materiel, and not succumb to emotions and propaganda, everything is not so creepy as many want to imagine.
      1. Dust
        0
        April 14 2012 14: 46
        It has already been written here that the revolutionaries had nothing to do with the murder of Stolypin ...
        1. Odinplys
          +1
          April 14 2012 21: 57
          Dust,
          The Zionists were directly related to the murder of Stolypin ... ts. ("builders" of world domination) ... They were also related to the overthrow of the Tsar ... And most of the leaders of the terrorists ... trained zhiv ... the youth of those times ...
          So much for the connection ... the most direct ....
          Well, Stalin saw in time ... what and who were ... Trotsky ...
      2. Zynaps
        -1
        April 14 2012 16: 27
        Quote: Altergo
        Here it is the biased opinion of the blinded haters of Russia.


        Academician Fomenko - are you this?

        Quote: Altergo
        Stolypin is one of the great politicians of our country


        Yes, who would argue. on the same board with Yeltsin, Gaidar and Chubais for the sum of merits.

        Quote: Altergo
        really if he had been given those very calm years


        but if I give as much dough as Prokhorov’s ...

        Quote: Altergo
        it probably would not have happened the terrible events that happened.


        then - what? the tsar would sharply grow wiser, the "Hessian fly" merged with its rabble in Tmutarakan, Gavrila Princip would not shoot at Franz Ferdinand, and peace came to all of Russia and goodwill among men?

        Quote: Altergo
        Because so comradely revolutionaries hunted him so manic


        dude, Bogrov, who shot at Stolypin, was a secret informant of the secret police. Stolypin even stood up across his throat to his boss.

        Quote: Altergo
        And at the expense of wagons and ties, if you carefully study the materiel


        and what kind of materiel did the venerable expert study? does he know that people were sentenced to death by extrajudicial authorities? has the esteemed expert read, for example, Anisimov's book "Notes of a Political Defender on Stolypin's Courts"? the book, in particular, tells about the famous Kutarbit story, when the guards, by the command of their own left heel, shot 22 a prisoner at stage, and then filed the case in such a way that there was a battle and a feat of the convoy. the author also has a lot of beautiful stories about the riot of prisoners in the Tobolsk convict prison and a lot of other wonderful material. Moreover, these are notes of a person who took an active part in the investigation of the extrajudicial executions by Stolypin's henchmen.

        Quote: Altergo
        and not succumb to emotions and propaganda, everything is not so creepy as many want to imagine


        you know what the matter is, man. here, mother Russia. in its open spaces are short summers and long winters. an individual peasant, even with a horse and allotment, does not have time to plow, sow, manage and harvest for the warm days allotted to him by nature. and he still needs to mow hay for the winter, stock up with firewood for the same long winter, make stocks. and I also want a peasant (if he is a carpenter, a carpenter, or some other kind of craftsman, at least for a month or so to do the homework, hunt, go fishing and earn some living money. so, he himself will not be able to do all this - he will not have time to do everything. even if he is very he will try hard.so the Russian peasants organized a community in which collectively, at the very least, they managed their affairs.

        But what about our eagle, Stolypin? uncle stuffs wagons with immigrants
        and sends them to hell on small cakes, destroying the existing community ties.
        as a result, in Russia there is a mass of sole-proprietors (single-tax peasants), forced to engage in over-exploitation in relation to their own family - otherwise they cannot survive. which is characteristic: the sole man cannot
        produce a crop that would be enough for his family at least two years in advance. ==> if a crop failure happens next year, his family will either have to die or go to work as farm laborers, abandoning the land, farming, etc., and thus we come to the most important phenomenon created by Stolypin's "reforms" - the notorious kulak. who is not at all a rich farmer and a hardworking peasant who eats his own bread, nurtured by the sweat of his brow (as modern propaganda tries to sniff this well-fed bug with us). he is a citizen, a reseller, a speculum, a world-eater who parasitizes on someone else's misfortune and increases hatred and tension in the village.

        Have you seen hari in modern markets that force peasants to sell them their own crops for a pittance, driving up prices for agricultural products? here they are - modern reincarnations of Stolypin's "effective proprietors" - kulaks and podkulachniki.

        however, Stolypin's "reforms" gave something useful. from the Stolypin settlers in Siberia, a mass partisan movement arose in the Civilian, which smashed Kolchak, Semyonov, Kappel, rebellious Czechs and Japanese invaders.
        1. Zynaps
          0
          April 14 2012 19: 28
          after all, which is characteristic: dissenting children violently minus, but do not come out with a refutation - dear Peje is dear to them as a memory. and so the all-Russian barin is taught by Nikita Mikhalkov with mega-expert Svanidze.
        2. +3
          April 14 2012 22: 52
          Zynaps
          In many respects I agree with you, dear. Particularly touching is the characterization of the kulaks as tireless cultivators and strong and smart business executives compared to the lazy drunken bastard who only did what she was living at the expense of a business executive. The only thing I do not agree with is that he did not force the peasants to leave the community. The famous Stolypin carriage was used to transport voluntary immigrants to Siberia and the Far East, and then it was stuck to it with modern significance thanks to well-known events. His task was simple to populate the eastern regions of Russia

          When the center is strong, the outskirts will also be strong, but you cannot treat our wounded homeland in only one place. If we don’t have enough life juices to heal all the wounds inflicted on her, then the most distant, most tormented parts of it, before the center gets stronger, can, like those struck by Anton fire, fall painlessly and imperceptibly, dry off, fall off. We will answer for the fact that, busy with our important internal affairs, engaged in the reorganization of the country, we may have overlooked more important world affairs, world events, we will answer for the fact that we lost heart, that we fell into inaction, that we fell into some senile helplessness that we have lost faith in the Russian people, in their vitality, because of its strength not only economic, but also cultural.

          A system of benefits, incentives and government support measures for immigrants was developed: they were forgiven all arrears, they were transported by rail at reduced prices, providing food and medical assistance on the way, interest-free loans were issued on the spot, exempted from taxes for 5 years, received help in the form of seeds, livestock, household equipment. At the same time, the government was oriented not so much on providing loans as on creating the infrastructure necessary for new landowners - they built railways and highways, reservoirs, schools.
          For 10 years, starting in 1906, 13 thousand versts of roads were built, 161 reservoirs were built, almost 14 thousand wells were dug, and about 500 first-aid posts were opened. By 1914, approximately 3,1 million people moved to the new lands of Siberia and the Far East. 24 million acres of new land were put into economic circulation. The annual flow of immigrants to the Far East grew from 4,2 thousand people in 1901-1905 to 14 thousand in 1906-1910.

          My webpage

          But as a result, we from a peasant-communityer received a speculator of the world-fist kulak as a kind of side effect of Stolypin’s therapy
          Again, one should not one-sidedly evaluate its activity, the settlement of Siberia and the Far East was an important strategic task that Stolypin was able to practically accomplish, his fists were floating in a historical meat grinder, and the task of mastering our eastern frontiers was again at its full height and was waiting for its Stolypin.
          1. 0
            April 15 2012 13: 58
            And again, fists are needed, well, no matter how without them. Life such an active unit is needed. And Stolypin needed.
    5. 755962
      +1
      April 14 2012 13: 51
      Quote: Dust
      Found a character for the icon, the right word!

      And you want that you wouldn’t be minus ... Mdya .. Already not the first statement confirming the assessment of your view on processes in the past and present ... And why didn’t you please Stolypin?
      1. Dust
        -1
        April 14 2012 14: 49
        In one old film there was such a phrase: They kicked your leader, s.ka he was ...
        But in principle, what is the point of discussing now? The story is already done, you can’t change anything ...
        1. Odinplys
          0
          April 14 2012 22: 16
          Dust,
          The story is relevant today ... At the time, Stalin got Trotsky ... and showed it to all living ... good ... END ...
          And today the "Norwegian" shooter ... has shown ... methods of conversation for the intractable ... In France, Toulouse ...
          I personally am not bloodthirsty and the whole world would embrace ... But the time has come when their methods ... it is time to contrast ... equivalent ...
          Or we live ... EVERYTHING ... or ... Your generation will have no future ...
          And as an indicator .... a court urgently needs ... a gobachev .... And people like him should know ... (be sure) ... that the future of his generation personally ... is in doubt ...
          Stolypin is one of the Best Sons of Russia ... !!!
      2. Zynaps
        0
        April 14 2012 17: 09
        it is proposed to find and see figures about the Stolypin migrants. how many left versus how many returned and how many sold the land. you get a natural failure. Stolypin's "reform" could not take off - a single farm with two adult workers and one horse is able to provide only itself and its dependents in a normal season. It cannot provide marketable products, it cannot provide itself for two years (that is, in case of drought). and therefore any Stolypin chatter about farmers in Russia is stupidity. Stolypin's real actions led the country to great upheavals. not without reason in the same Siberia partisan detachments that fought against the Kolchak people 80-90% consisted of
        Stolypin migrants.
  2. mind1954
    -1
    April 14 2012 09: 43
    This bastard of the big Baltic landowners
    got what you deserve! Ogre!

    85% of the rural population.
    The land of the rural community is being bought up with fists,
    turning into landowners.

    Some go to them with landowners in laborers,

    others, army driven from the earth, into the city
    to industrialization with complete lack of rights,
    fines, lockout, dictatorship of hunger in direct
    sense of the word - there are no more families in the village,

    third, the development of the "wild east", however
    with a slight difference is that the US border
    with Canada takes place at the latitude of Kiev ?? !!
    And then, probably, there were fools before him, did not guess
    populate ?!
    Which Cossacks were the farthest? Amur!
    What was possible was settled without him!

    And where they settled in the east, so here are the rural communities,
    organized for mutual assistance, self-government
    and protection from the arbitrariness of the authorities.
    The ones he hated so much and who
    so diligently destroyed the villain!
    1. +6
      April 14 2012 11: 13
      So you will criticize Ivan the Terrible for the annexation of Siberia by oppressed rebel Cossacks, Peter the Great - for the oppression of peasants in shipyards and the construction of new fortress cities, Catherine II - for peasant wars and riots, Alexander II - for peasant reform (well, since he was killed , that means they were very unhappy). You will have to swear for a long time, in our history there are many figures whose ideas and requirements strained contemporaries, and we give those figures a positive assessment.
      1. Jaromir
        +2
        April 14 2012 12: 07
        There is no doubt that if Pyotr Arkadyevich had not been viciously killed in that year 1911, he would soon have been dismissed and forgotten! It was the tragic premature death that made him a hero! What, however, is a regularity in Russia! For example, if Gorbachev had died in August 91, even on his own initiative, today the attitude towards this figure would have been completely different! Monuments used to stand all over the country! And still there would be clever arguments on the topic "if Mikhal Sergeevich were alive, he would not have allowed the collapse of the USSR, and we would have lived in a completely different way, in short, in paradise! .." Unfortunately, this is a common Russian practice!
        1. Odinplys
          0
          April 14 2012 22: 25
          Jaromir,
          Not a necessary comparison ... And labeled to the wall ...
          1. -1
            April 14 2012 22: 36
            If you knew where to fall ... stood in the meter .. and the wrench is the second adjustable number in the hands ... plus ...
      2. Zynaps
        -3
        April 14 2012 16: 44
        but there’s no need to juggle - for this, in decent places in the face they beat a candlestick. listed state. figures criticized for something else. Ivan the Terrible - for drowned in the blood of Novgorod and the oprichnina. Peter the Great - for the widespread dominance of Germans and for bloody reforms, such as planting potatoes, which could be solved bloodless, if you approach the matter wisely. By the way, one can say many thanks to Peter the Great for destroying the Russian national costume and many normal Russian cultural habits. Katya - for favoritism and, again, a new German dominance in the sciences.
        etc.

        A special "thank you" to Stolypin for the destruction of the peasant community, for the emergence of kulaks, the aggravation of tensions in the countryside and the general failure of the "reforms".

        singing hosannas to brainless losers - this is to what stage of degradation it is necessary to reach ...
        1. +2
          April 14 2012 17: 54
          I got to the point of abuse, showed my "intelligence", thanks, we will know what degradation is by an example.
          Moreover, I had comments on the reaction of people like you, sir.
          I listed the figures with their merits (including the decisive suppression of riots), and of course I knew about the negative facts about Peter and about Ivan and Catherine. ..... But don’t you know that the Novgorod riots threatened the integrity of Russia and that Alexander Nevsky still had to pacify them by force? Well, write it down and into vrazhiny. Only after that you will not only get a candelabra in a decent society.
          P.S. but what about the peasant community? There are suggestions that it must be sacredly kept, and let everything be done as a crowd as before? (And in a large livestock complex and in a multi-seat tractor / combine harvester) Even then there was an example and there was a realization of the necessity and inevitability of the final liberation of the villagers and the transformation of some of them into masters, others into wage laborers.
          1. Zynaps
            -4
            April 14 2012 18: 09
            Quote: Kite
            I got to the point of abuse, showed my "intelligence", thanks, we will know what degradation is by an example.


            my little virtual companion. please pay attention to your own muddy stream of consciousness. you answer me reasonably, with facts on hand: the reforms of Stolypin made so many people happy, sausages per capita worked out so many. then I’ll listen to you for sure and I won’t comment on your kindergarten speakers so caustically.

            Quote: Kite
            Only after that you will not only get a candelabra in a decent society.


            oh, bayus-bayus! (c)
            1. +2
              April 14 2012 18: 29
              Do you need facts? Here: my ancestors had an iron plow, a seeder, a mower, though on horse drawn trailers, cattle and horses. With the industriousness of all members of the family, processing their allotment, they lived in abundance. And my great-grandfather didn’t go to the collective farm out of principle, but he was respected by everyone and was not touched even under the Soviet regime. These are personally known facts. Take the trouble to learn more about yourself, but from various sources unclouded by propaganda.
              This is the last thing I can answer you, I’m not going to talk to you anymore because of your bad manners of communication.
              1. Zynaps
                -3
                April 14 2012 19: 20
                Quote: Kite
                With the industriousness of all members of the family, processing their allotment, they lived in abundance.


                my friend, stories about naughty relatives do not roll - in principle, unverified information. used by the kindergarten from a general lack of specific facts, as the last miserable means of persuasion. some additionally even swear by their mother - they give the sworn + stopitzot in a dispute with an opponent. do not want to come?

                Quote: Kite
                And my great-grandfather didn’t go to the collective farm out of principle, but he was respected by everyone and was not touched even under the Soviet regime.


                come on, in the year 42 your great-grandfather died out without a trace? the peers in the war, hunger and lack of equipment greatly thinned out - to the collective farms as much as they ran, races fled.

                Quote: Kite
                These are personally known facts.


                these are "facts" known only to you, my friend. "well-known" facts, in fact, turn out to be far from well-known.

                Quote: Kite
                Take the trouble to learn more about yourself, but from various sources unclouded by propaganda.


                declare, please, the entire list of precious and unclouded sources from which such powerful experts draw. will not make it difficult? send on foot erotic and I can, and not even so veiled.

                Quote: Kite
                This is the last thing I can answer you, I’m not going to talk to you anymore because of your bad manners of communication.


                offended the mouse - jumped into the hole. how scary to live!
              2. Odinplys
                0
                April 14 2012 22: 36
                Kite,
                You say correctly ... Narrated the people ... Give everyone on a silver platter ... afraid to bite pens ......
                And then Stolypin tried to make .. create a master ...
                What Lukashenko did in Belarus today ... Created Agricultural Complexes ... and united everything possible around them ... including and farmers ... and it went ...
            2. Odinplys
              0
              April 14 2012 22: 31
              For sausage and in the era of the USSR, people were in lines ...
              But I personally want to go there ...
              In the Great Mighty Union ....
    2. legleleg
      0
      April 14 2012 11: 45
      What is wrong with what you listed for the development of the state?
      1. 0
        April 14 2012 12: 39
        legleleg, is this question addressed to me? And where did I express my negative attitude towards the above?
        1. legleleg
          0
          April 15 2012 11: 55
          no this is to mind1954. theme instigator
    3. +1
      April 14 2012 11: 47
      Supporting! And it is no coincidence that Ayatskov, "a famous statesman", erected a monument to him in Saratov.
  3. Georg Shep
    +6
    April 14 2012 09: 57
    Peter Arkadievich is a great man. Eternal memory to him!
    1. Zynaps
      -1
      April 14 2012 16: 36
      Saw, Shura, Saw! these weights are golden!
      1. Odinplys
        0
        April 14 2012 22: 40
        Zynaps,
        That's all that glitters ...
        In this case ... Stolypin ...
        You’re trying ... either to put it in your pocket ... or to kill ... well, in an extreme case, after a death, howl ...
  4. Rodver
    +7
    April 14 2012 10: 03
    Great reformer and statesman. And a real Russian man.
    Therefore, gentlemen, Marxists hated him so fiercely. Eternal memory to you, Pyotr Arkadevich!
    1. +1
      April 14 2012 11: 49
      Not the Marxists killed him, but their own. Learn laughing The secret police knew the story of the attempted assassination from their agent Azef, who led the Socialist Revolutionaries, but did not do anything !!
      1. Odinplys
        0
        April 14 2012 22: 42
        vezunchik,
        Own ... they don’t kill such people ... So the secret police ... worked for the Zionists ...
        1. 0
          April 14 2012 23: 17
          Teach the dear dear, only the Russians were in the secret police at that time! The reason came only with Soviet power!
  5. amph1cyon
    +1
    April 14 2012 11: 25
    Well, the Christmas trees found someone to speak so good of. Because of his reform, people were dying of hunger.
    1. legleleg
      -1
      April 15 2012 11: 58
      damn you along the way confused with Lenin
  6. Dust
    +4
    April 14 2012 16: 50
    From another site, but I basically liked it:

    The role and place of Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin in the context of modern realities was described by the director of the Institute for the Problems of Globalization, Doctor of Economic Sciences Mikhail Delyagin:

    - Stolypin today has become very fashionable, very popular among Russian reformers, in a certain sense has become their symbol. They privatized his image, because it is a completely unique type of person in the standards of modern Russia. On the one hand, he was a liberal, but on the other hand, he was certainly a patriot and personally a crystal-clear man. Now, looking at our liberals, it is impossible to imagine that such qualities in them are possible in principle. When I say that I personally know already two honest liberals living in Russia, absolutely honest and patriotic, they usually don’t believe me. And at the time of Stolypin, this was still possible in principle, so that the way liberal Pyotr Arkadyevich is trying to whitewash himself.

    But the fate of Stolypin represents the tragedy of a man who, out of the best of intentions, tried to impose on Russia a cultural matrix that was deeply alien to her. The fact is that Stolypin emerged as a statesman in the western regions of the Russian Empire - strictly speaking, not in Russia itself. He became the Saratov governor much later. And all his activity was aimed only at destroying the peasant community for the sake of building book capitalism, that is, not building capitalism based on the cultural matrix of Russia, but breaking this matrix itself in the name of the triumph of some abstract ideas. The life of Peter Stolypin is an outstanding example of the fact that even the brightest, most talented and effective managers who try to deny the culture of their country are doomed.

    If Peter Arkadievich knew exactly how he entered the history of Russia and the Russian language, he would surely have shuddered. The man who uttered the great, sacred words “You need great shocks, and we need a great Russia”, was awarded in Russian only two well-established phrases - “Stolypin tie” (gallows) and “Stolypin carriage” (in which prisoners are carried). Before Stolypin, there was generally no need for mass transportation of prisoners. And you can still hear people say: "I was taken in a pillar." And this only says that when a statesman is killed, for him it is a definite defeat. A statesman should consider such things. When a commander dies on the battlefield, he can be a wonderful officer, a brave man, but at the same time be a useless commander. Well, generals should not be killed on the battlefield: this is a matter of professional suitability.

    When we talk about the current liberals who are desperately at odds with the Russian matrix, denying her the very right to exist, we tend to write off their position, say, on a bad moral character. Like, well, what can you do? For these people, the sun also rises in the West, and quite often they are simply extremely unclean, they rarely love the people around them. That is, it seems to us that liberalism is bad because it is represented by bad people. Well, here is a reverse example for you - a good man Peter Stolypin, very courageous. He was not killed the first time, there were so many attempts. He was personally courageous - he went out one on one and talked with the rebels, convinced them, persuaded them, reassured them. After all, he was also a true democrat, in the most primordial sense of the word. Not only did he advocate the need to free up business and commercial initiative, but also talked to people without distinction of ranks and ranks.

    And this man suffered a historical defeat, failing to fulfill his historical mission, and not only in terms of destroying the established peasant community. Separate projects also failed - the same idea of ​​mass resettlement of people to Siberia. The resettlement reached about 2 million people, but due to the usual theft today among officials, several hundred immigrants became poor, beggars. Some of them managed to return to the cities, and this also added a critical mass, which later, in 1917, blew up society. And Peter Stolypin could not do anything with mass theft, although, of course, he did not encourage him. The reason for his failure is that he sought to deny the national culture instead of using it for good deeds.

    For me personally, he went down in history as, firstly, a symbol of good intentions, and secondly, as a symbol of the fact that best motives should take into account not only someone else's experience, but also certainly combine it with national culture. Otherwise, everything, even the best of intentions, will go to the state only to the detriment.

    I myself think a little differently, but it's just nice to read a balanced assessment without tantrums and foolishness ...
    1. 0
      April 14 2012 20: 15
      Well, generals should not be killed on the battlefield: this is a matter of professional suitability.
      In a war, as in a war, maybe .... maybe not.
      I would not talk about professional suitability in this case, at least out of respect for the heroically fallen WWII commanders.
    2. 0
      April 14 2012 23: 21
      Good article! The intensification of repressions occurred during Stolypin’s work. No wonder that contemporaries called Nicholas - bloody!
  7. +4
    April 14 2012 17: 08
    If it were not for Stolypin, Altai would have long remained a sparsely populated territory, right up to probably Tselina. The age of most Altai villages is just! 00 years. Altai became the breadbasket of Siberia, thanks also to Stolypin. And if you also remember that most of the fertile lands in the European part of the USSR in the Second World War were occupied, it is difficult to overestimate Stolypin reforms.
    1. Dust
      0
      April 14 2012 17: 15
      From Wiki:

      Russian settlement of the Upper Ob and Altai foothills began in the 2nd half of the 1717th century. The development of Altai began after the Beloyarskaya (1718) and Bikatunskaya (10) fortresses were built to protect against warlike nomads-dzungars. In order to explore valuable ore deposits, exploratory lots in Altai were equipped. The discoverers are considered the father and son of the Kostylevs, later the Ural breeder Akinfy Demidov took advantage of the discoveries [XNUMX].

      Formed by the 2nd half of the 500th century, the Altai Mountain District is a territory that includes the current Altai Territory, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo, part of Tomsk and East Kazakhstan Regions with a total area of ​​over 130 thousand km and a population of more than XNUMX thousand souls of both sexes. The emperor was the owner of Altai plants, mines, lands and forests, the main management of them was carried out by the Cabinet, located in St. Petersburg. The backbone of the management on the spot was mountain officers. But the main role in the production was played by non-commissioned officers and technicians, from whose ranks the talented craftsmen and inventors I. I. Polzunov, K. D. Frolov, P. M. Zalesov, M. S. Laulin came out.

      Mining, which was the main branch of the Okrug’s economy, entered the crisis period after 1861. Since the beginning of the 70s, the unprofitability of plants began to increase uncontrollably, and by the end of the century almost all of them were closed. At the end of the XIX century, the territory of the present Altai was part of the Tomsk province.
      Merchant period

      Gradually, the basis of the Altai economy is agriculture. Along with the cultivation of grain crops (wheat, oats, rye), planting of potatoes expanded, beekeeping was significantly developed. At the beginning of the 1915th century, dairy farming and buttermaking came to the fore. Altai oil was exported to Western Europe. At the end of the 10th century, a section of the Siberian Railway passed through the northern part of the okrug, and by XNUMX the Altai Railway was built, connecting Novonikolaevsk, Barnaul and Semipalatinsk. Water transport was also improved. Stolypin land reform gave an impetus to the resettlement movement in Altai, which generally contributed to the economic upsurge of the region [XNUMX].

      What does Stolypin have to do with it?
      1. Zynaps
        -3
        April 14 2012 18: 05
        Wiki is not a source, but a push to drain everything, especially when it comes to history. there if you read the materials to which the Experts refer - this is a madhouse on the march.

        Yes, you yourself read that you post:

        Quote: Dust
        Stolypin land reform gave an impetus to the resettlement movement in Altai, which generally contributed to the economic upsurge of the region [10].
        1. Dust
          -2
          April 14 2012 19: 25
          Damn, that's just the last sentence and did not notice ...
          And I would have removed it, because I continue to believe that, apart from harm, there was no benefit from Stolypin ...
        2. -1
          April 15 2012 20: 25
          You little shabby man, stop trolling .. go home and bark there ...
      2. -1
        April 14 2012 21: 30
        The Upper Priobye and the foothills of Altai are only a third of the Altai Territory. But the Kulunda steppes and territories near modern Kazakhstan were not populated until the beginning of the 20th century. And they now produce most of the Altai grain.
        1. nnnnnnnnn
          0
          April 16 2012 18: 35
          Quote: twink-23
          namely, they now produce most of the Altai grain.

          Then thank Khrushchev, what does Stolypin have to do with it?
    2. nnnnnnnnn
      0
      April 16 2012 18: 33
      Quote: twink-23
      Altai would have remained a sparsely populated territory for a long time, right up to probably Tselina.
      And now he's overpopulated like China? Think about it before writing.
  8. 0
    April 14 2012 19: 12
    For Dust The agrarian question is a complex of socio-economic and political problems associated with the prospects for the development of the agrarian sector of the country's economy, one of the most pressing issues in public life in Russia. Its unsolved in combination with other internal and external problems led eventually to the revolution of 1905-1907. The sources of the agrarian question lay in the nature of the Agrarian reform of 1861, which was clearly incomplete. Giving personal freedom to the peasants, it did not solve the problem of peasant land shortage, did not eliminate the negative features of communal land ownership and mutual responsibility. Redemption payments placed a heavy burden on the peasant estate. Arrears on tax payments grew catastrophically, since under S.Yu. Witte taxation of the rural population has become one of the sources of support for the ongoing industrialization. The peasant land shortage was becoming more and more distinct, aggravated by the demographic explosion in the country: during the 1870-1890s. the peasant population of the Volga and some chernozem provinces doubled, which entailed the fragmentation of allotments. In the southern provinces (Poltava and Kharkov), the problem of low land led to mass peasant uprisings in 1902.
    And where does P.A. Stolypin
    Dear Dust, you began to talk somewhat primitively about the most difficult issue in Russia over the past 150 years. P.A. Stolypin is still the only statesman who decided to finish the agrarian reform, failed. The agrarian problem in Russia has not yet been resolved.
    1. 0
      April 14 2012 23: 22
      Remember the 70s, agriculture developed rapidly and the villagers had never before lived so well.
      1. +1
        April 15 2012 14: 10
        I am writing simply the year 1905, popular unrest (Stolypin is not the prime minister) 1906 Stolypin prime suppresses popular unrest (covers the back of Nicholas 2.
  9. 0
    April 14 2012 21: 07
    What times are such heroes. At the beginning of perestroika, I carefully studied the "great legacy" of the state. Stolypin. There are sound thoughts in his works, but there are a lot of things that are good only in theory. But in practice they give a negative result. Sincerely.
  10. 0
    April 14 2012 22: 44
    With all the contradictions, Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin is a great man and patriot of the Russian State!
    HONOR AND PRAISE TO SUCH PEOPLE!
  11. -1
    April 15 2012 14: 18
    Petr Arkadyevich Stolypin is an outstanding personality of the early 20th century. Patriot of Russia, an educated person. Strategically minded manager. The diehard fighter (10 assassination attempts, traumatizing children) did not affect his policy, I am afraid there are none in Russia now. Russia has one hope that such statesmen will appear. If that doesn’t appear, soon Russia for the whole world will just please.
  12. 0
    April 15 2012 21: 10
    Stolypin was not only a patriot, which cannot be taken away from him, but also a convinced monarchist. Therefore, his reforms were initially doomed to failure,
    since they did not affect the foundations of the political system of autocracy, which by the time it arrived at the premieres had completely rotted. Stolypin reforms gave impetus to the economy, but it was still insufficient and temporary.
    But his tough stance on the Jewish question ruined him.