Military Review

Viller - Kotre. Part of 3

33
In the band of the 11 Bavarian Infantry Division, the advancing French troops stumbled upon a front that was more seriously prepared for defense. Moreover, in this area, the attack was undertaken not only without artillery preparation, but at first even without artillery fire.


The German barrage was opened immediately - according to the rocket signals of the infantry. The French artillery then also opened fire - both on the German artillery and the rear areas, and to form a solid barrage. The French, taking advantage of the high vegetation and thick morning fog, approached the German positions closely. And the German batteries carried fire very indecisively - due to the lack of a good overview and out of fear of hitting their units. Therefore, "near defensive fire" did not weaken the onslaught of the French infantry on the line of the main resistance of the Germans.

Viller - Kotre. Part of 3


At first, the battalion of the first line (1-th battalion of the 22-th Bavarian infantry regiment) - right-flank regiment of the 11-th Bavarian infantry division, repelled the frontal attack of the French. The latter suffered heavy losses from machine-gun fire, light mortars, and partly artillery. But soon the battalion underwent a flanking attack from the north and was almost completely destroyed - the few remaining unwounded soldiers were captured. Soon the second-line battalion (3), swept from the flanks, was killed behind it.

After the French artillery opened fire, the reserve battalion (2) took up its position at the southeast exit from the Pernant ravine. The strong fire of the French artillery, as well as the machine-gun fire of five aircraft caused the battalion significant losses. The battalion held on for some time, but soon its right flank was threatened by the Pernant ravine, and, moreover, the fire began to hit the Bavarians from the farm Saint-Amand - that is, from the south. Some units of the battalion still resisted at a height to the east of the Braunschweig hole, and then the remnants of the battalion made their way to the east.

On the left flank of the division, in the area of ​​the 3 Bavarian Infantry Regiment, the first line battalion (2) also succeeded in repelling the frontal attack of the French on the main resistance line. But then a new attack from the village of Daumier, Tiele de la Clôd, struck the left flank and the rear of the 1 and 2 battalions. A fierce battle broke out in which both battalions defended themselves for a long time and successfully. The 12-i company, advanced by the reserve battalion (3), was drawn into the battle.

The reserve battalion, in which only three companies remained after the release of the 12 company, was deployed in combat order to defend Abrevoire — but at the same time it suffered heavy losses from artillery fire. Soon he was left off to the left, and his remnants were drained back to the position of Wobyuen. The headquarters of the regiment, the command post of which was located in the Westfalia burrow, was captured.

If the 22nd and 3rd Bavarian infantry regiments were attacked by French infantry without support tanksthen the 13th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment, which occupied the central section of the 11th Bavarian Division, was attacked by a tank. The first-line battalion (1st) was first able to temporarily delay the first onslaught, inflicting heavy losses on the Allies. But soon the tanks broke through the line of main resistance on the right flank, and the French infantry following the tanks moved north and south. The counterattack of the 3rd company of the 13th reserve infantry regiment failed: the company was destroyed by tanks and French infantry coming from the north - the latter now attacked the flank and rear of the Bavarians. The same fate befell the 10th and 12th companies of the 13th reserve infantry regiment, which were advanced north of Domier. The 5th and 6th companies of the second-line battalion (2nd), located at the artillery cover position, were crushed by the advancing French units.



The French broke through the main line of resistance of the Germans and with heavy rifle chains, supported by tanks, attacked the road from Rapri (sugar beet plant) to Croix-Saint-Creud, Tyel. The 7 and 8 companies of the 13 reserve infantry regiment were ordered to maintain their position with Sakonen. The 9 and 11 companies of the reserve battalion south of Sakonen, as well as one of the two sapper companies of the 34 Infantry Division assigned to the 11 Bavarian division, received the same task. These units have already suffered very heavy losses from artillery fire - but they managed for some time to delay the advance of the French to the south of the farm Saint-Amand. Near 7 hours 30 minutes the resistance of this group, battered by fire and attacked by several tanks, was broken - especially as the position was swept from the flank and rear. The remnants of the regiment retreated to the position of Wobyuen.

As previously noted, the artillery of the 11 Bavarian Infantry Division opened fire. But her shooting was hampered by thick morning fog and smoke from exploding shells. And soon the communication lines were torn. Visibility improved only about 7 hours 30 minutes. Now it became possible to fire part of the batteries - and the French suffered heavy losses, including in tanks. But to the south, where the French were advancing particularly quickly, covering the flanks, only the fire of several batteries located to the south of the Sakonen ravine had a noticeable effect. After the resistance of the German infantry to the west of the ravine was broken, the fate of these batteries, which until recently kept their firing positions, was decided. By 11 watch all divisional artillery, with the exception of two batteries, was in the hands of the French.

The German command in 7 hours 30 minutes received a message about the penetration of the French in the area of ​​the 243-th Reserve Infantry Regiment. In the band of the 241 Infantry Division, the commander of the 48 th artillery regiment noticed the movement of the French infantry, which had broken through at the site of the 474 Infantry Regiment, and ordered his 3 Division to roll out the guns from the gun trenches and prevent the promotion of the armies to pull the guns out of the gun trenches and prevent the promotion of the Army units, to pull the guns out of the gun trenches and prevent the promotion of the army units, to pull the guns out of the gun trenches and prevent the promotion of the armies, to pull out the guns from gunfire trenches and prevent the promotion of the guns, to pull the guns out of the gun trenches and prevent the promotion of the guns, to pull out the guns from the gun trenches and prevent the promotion of the guns and to prevent the forces of the army from tearing out the guns of the gunnery trenches and preventing the promotion of the infantry regiment. . In the 7 hours of the 30 minutes, the commander of the 241 division, General A. Fortmüller, ordered the division reserve — the 2 battalion of the 472 regiment and the 2 battalion of the 24 regiment — to delay Allied advance, taking up position with Sakonen.

The battalions turned around and moved through the height of the 141,7.
On the left, they were joined by the 3 th battalion of the 24 th regiment (from the reserve of the 11 th Bavarian Infantry Division). But on their left flank the French had already reached the height of the farm Saint-Amand and soon opened heavy machine-gun fire. When the French then attacked these three battalions from the front, from the left flank and, advancing along the western slope of the Sakon Gulch, from the rear, the battalions began to withdraw. The position of Sakonen was lost by the Germans. Moving in a northerly direction, the French seized the batteries on the western slope of the Sakonen Gulch, which also held to the last.



In the 7 10 hours minutes commander 11-th Bavarian Infantry Division, General von Kneysl at the request of the commander of 21-th Bavarian Infantry Brigade gave him 1-24-Battalion Infantry Regiment, and in the hours 7 25 minutes - and 3-Battalion.


22. Lt. Gen. P. von Kneisl.

But when deployed, the battalion was drawn into battle and practically destroyed. The 3 th battalion of the 24 th regiment also failed to reach the 13 Bavarian reserve infantry regiment - on the way it turned out to be involved in the battle on the left flank of the 241 th infantry division.

Now, the commander of the 11 th Bavarian infantry division had as a reserve only two field batteries allocated a few days before the events in question to the rear for rest, and the sapper companies of his division (3 th company of the 3 th engineer regiment and 9 th company 21 th Bavarian Sapper Regiment), who have just returned from the Marne Front from the 7 Army. Artillery and sappers were alerted at 6 hours and were on their way to the battlefield (sapper companies were moving in trucks). In the 7 hours of 20 minutes, the commander of the 11 Bavarian Infantry Division asked the corps command to hand him another regiment. General Staabs handed him the 145 Infantry Regiment of the 34 Infantry Division, which was under Wobyuen. The regiment was given the 21-th Bavarian infantry brigade and received an order: to immediately advance to Bray and knock out the wedged enemy.

The situation was such that the Germans lost their leading positions south of the river, and in the 241 Infantry Division, the French had already occupied the Pernant ravine. The situation was worse at the front of the Vatter corps - there were already battles for the villages of Vokasti and Vierzi. In this situation, Staabs found it necessary to alleviate the situation on his left flank with the help of a counterattack of the 34 Infantry Division - and the counterattack helped restore the situation on the front of the neighboring corps.

At the beginning of the 9 hour, the division received (with the permission of the commander of the 9 army) order to take the starting position for a counterattack - through the Ploisy, Misi. Instead of the 145 regiment transferred to the 11 Bavarian Reserve Division, the 34 Infantry Division was to receive the 64 Infantry Regiment of the 6 Infantry Division.

The French already in 7 hours 45 minutes were at the Sakonensky position, capturing the “Gold of the Rhine” hole. The tanks advanced both along the western edge of the Sakon Gulch (to the north) and from Misi (to the east). The resistance of the 11 Bavarian Reserve Division was virtually broken, and the corps command found it necessary to transfer the initial position of the 34 Infantry Division to the rear - on the line Vobuyen, Kurmel. But soon new and extremely disappointing information was received about the current situation - that the infantry of the 241 division was crushed by a flank blow from the south and mostly died, and the right-flank units of the Vatter group were pushed aside to Shoden. Thus, to the south of the left flank of the 39 of the reserve corps, a significant gap was formed.

Most of the artillery was lost, and the 369 Infantry Regiment, whose combat strength did not exceed 700 bayonets, was too weak to prevent the advance of the Allied superior forces for Vobuen’s position and defend Soissons. In such an environment, a 34 Infantry Division's counterattack would be ineffective, and in 8 hours 45 minutes, General Staubs decided to place most of the 34 Infantry Division in the position of Wobyuen. The command of all troops in this position was assigned to the commander of the 34-th Infantry Division, General Tetsman.


23. Major General T. Tetzman.

To be continued
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  1. BRONEVIK
    BRONEVIK 25 January 2018 06: 53
    19
    Bavarian divisions are cool formations.
    Yes, they got to hell with horns, even artillery was under attack.
    Like in the song
    The fog along with the smoke of the last battle ...
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 25 January 2018 10: 25
      +8
      Quote: BRONEVIK
      Bavarian divisions are cool formations. Yes got to hell on the horns

      This is yes, where is Bavaria, and where is Picardy.
      They were well crumbled to remind you where and what.
      1. BRONEVIK
        BRONEVIK 25 January 2018 10: 32
        19
        Wow, they crumbled them well.
        The truth is that Bavaria is far away, they did not bother before that) Dolby, regardless of geography
        1. soldier
          soldier 25 January 2018 11: 36
          18
          The Bavarians, of course, are strong guys and were noted on the Russian front - for example, the 21st Division.
          Yes, there is only one answer - the degree of depreciation exceeded depreciation recovery. Connections were worn out - to wander back and forth throughout the war and sometimes incur losses, knocking out the entire composition.
          Everything bends, even iron
          1. soldier
            soldier 25 January 2018 11: 52
            18
            Sealed, Not the 21st, but the 11th Bavarian division of von Kneisl.
            I wrote about him below
  2. XII Legion
    XII Legion 25 January 2018 07: 27
    19
    At various sites, the Allies used different tactics: somewhere moving behind the fire shaft, where without it - all of a sudden, and in the most important areas using tanks.
    Here, the tactical abilities of German commanders at various levels already played a role.
    Thank you!
  3. Cheburator
    Cheburator 25 January 2018 09: 33
    19
    It seems that the Germans in all wars are stronger in the offensive than in the defense.
    Unless, of course, do not separate for a long time. But defense systems created powerful ones.
    I read in someone’s writings how the defensive systems of the Germans and Austrians differed.
  4. Cheburator
    Cheburator 25 January 2018 09: 36
    19
    The Austrians made the strongest first line of defense. He broke through it - and forward, to the west. You go to the operational space.
    And the Germans made the second stronger than the first, placing it on the reverse ramps, saturating with machine-gun points. It’s the other way around - broke through such a first line - and the fun begins
    1. BRONEVIK
      BRONEVIK 25 January 2018 10: 30
      18
      Vasilevsky wrote about this in his memoirs, recalling the life of the RIA combatant.
      And by the way, he made an interesting observation - how fighters, by the color of the clouds, shrapnel determined who was in front of them: Germans or Austrians. The Germans have a white color, the Austrians pink.
  5. soldier
    soldier 25 January 2018 11: 49
    18
    About the generals mentioned in the test article.
    Colonel Tetsman distinguished himself at Longvey - leading the vanguard on the French front in August 1914, and in February 1915 - commander of the 86th Infantry Brigade. In October 1916, Major General Tetsman became the head of the 34th front, at the head of which he ended the war. Cavalier of the Order of Pur Le Merit.
    Like the Bavarian general von Kneisl. This - and the knight of the Military Order of Maximilian Joseph - Bavaria's highest military award. Von Kneisl is a member of the Gorlitsky breakthrough, where his division acted as a shock.
    At the head of the division he fought in Serbia, near Verdun, in Romania and Pashendale. A wonderful division and an excellent commander.
    1. BRONEVIK
      BRONEVIK 25 January 2018 12: 12
      18
      In the Gorlitsky breakthrough, the Bavarians incidentally suffered very heavy losses
      1. soldier
        soldier 25 January 2018 17: 44
        17
        Yes, the 3rd Bavarian Infantry Regiment lost in the 1st day only half of the officers and 600 soldiers
        1. Streletskos
          Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 58
          16
          Already 3 regiments then were divisions?
          1. soldier
            soldier 25 January 2018 21: 07
            16
            Yes, 3rd and 22nd Bavarian infantry and 13th Bavarian reserve regiments
  6. Adjutant
    Adjutant 25 January 2018 12: 22
    +8
    Artillery and sappers were alerted at 6 o’clock and were on the way to the battlefield (sapper companies were moving in trucks).

    An interesting pattern is the artillerymen and engineering troops on the Russian (1917) and on the French (1918) fronts were the force on which the command rested. They survived better from the pre-war times than the infantry which replaced several formations, which gradually lost combat effectiveness.
    Gunners traditionally hold on to firing positions to the last.
    Coverage of the flanks and exit to the rear of units and subunits were of great importance in these battles, albeit so far tactical. The Germans dreamed of "Cannes" and "Cannons") - get
    1. soldier
      soldier 25 January 2018 16: 12
      16
      By the way, everyone aspired to these notorious "Gangnam" - the specifics of the era.
      1. Adjutant
        Adjutant 25 January 2018 19: 32
        +3
        For fifty years, somewhere it seemed like a hobby
        During the Franco-Prussian period - World War I
        1. soldier
          soldier 25 January 2018 19: 42
          16
          Yes, Teachings of Moltke Sr. and Cannes Schlieffen - software works
  7. Albatroz
    Albatroz 25 January 2018 13: 48
    +6
    As I understand it, the 1918 campaign is a Laf for assault aircraft, which ironed what is possible with the support of ground troops. There were risks, but grateful goals were above the roof
    1. soldier
      soldier 25 January 2018 17: 50
      16
      Absolutely.
      By the way, our aviation also delivered quite effective assault strikes, and it started quite early - in 1915 https://vpk-news.ru/articles/35377
      1. Streletskos
        Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 57
        16
        I read it, it's cool.
        Details would be more. Theme - a storehouse for excavation)
  8. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote 25 January 2018 15: 32
    17
    The enemy wedged in
    And the hope is only a counterattack
    And in a situation of disorganization?
    Interestingly good
    We look forward to continuing
    1. Streletskos
      Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 56
      16
      We look forward to continuing

      Required
      drinks
  9. Rotmistr
    Rotmistr 25 January 2018 16: 00
    17
    No operation develops according to plan
    But in order to fend off surprises, adequate reserves are needed
    When there are none, the control system is violated, and the enemy captures artillery - a problem. But even in this situation the German command was not going to give up - and the result is not predetermined ...
    1. Streletskos
      Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 56
      16
      No operation develops according to plan

      In life, the same thing
      And let no one let anyone down to their artillery positions))
  10. soldier
    soldier 25 January 2018 17: 57
    16
    They talked about the Bavarians
    Such an interesting info about German cockades in this period
    1. Streletskos
      Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 54
      16
      Handsomely)
      Different lands have their own
      Federation of the same type))
  11. soldier
    soldier 25 January 2018 18: 04
    16
    As you know, the Germans divided infantry and equal divisions in this period into 4 categories
    And the 11th Bavarian was second to none. Of course, fatigue, understaffing, etc. made themselves felt.
    1. Streletskos
      Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 52
      16
      Oh wow
      Of course
      4 years in battles
      It looks like 4 years is a fatal figure for the Euroarmies)
  12. Streletskos
    Streletskos 25 January 2018 19: 52
    16
    Always interested in details and details.
    I read the cycle with interest
    Thank you
  13. Horseman without a head
    Horseman without a head 26 January 2018 00: 27
    16
    Yeah, no more details)
    Normalek
  14. Mamka pula
    Mamka pula 26 January 2018 10: 53
    15
    I learn a lot
    Thank you love
  15. Head Physician
    Head Physician 26 January 2018 16: 37
    15
    I know the Western Front from Remarque and some special labor
    But the July 18th operation is a curiosity
    Detailed analysis pleases
    Waiting with