Military Review

Legend named U-2

72
Legend named U-2He broke many different world records and deservedly became the pride of Russian aircraft construction. Despite the fact that in appearance this car was always simple and unsightly. Therefore, it was not called as soon as it was: either “Kukuruznik”, “Shelf”, then - “Heavenly Slug”. The Germans called him “Kaffeemühle” (coffee grinder) and “Nähmaschine” (sewing machine). Foes from NATO called the plane "Mule." And at the same time (what is most surprising!), There is no other aircraft in the world that would be awarded such close, almost enthusiastic attention to itself in the whole world.


On modifications of the U-2 flew in Finland, Germany, France, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, China, Mongolia, the DPRK. The following films are devoted to this plane: "Heavenly slow-moving", "And you will see the sky", "Night Witches are in the sky", "Only old men go to battle", "Valery Chkalov", "If tomorrow is war", "Intrigue" , “Pilots”, “Pilots”, “Night Swallows”, “Fighters”. About U-2 written stories, stories and even two songs: "Wooden plane" and "Three pilots served": "Good work, / Good rumor. / Three friends - three pilots / Flew on U-2. / Plywood tail and wings , / And a very quiet move. / But most of all loved / Friends of your plane.

Chorus: Almost on foot across the sky / They fly barely, / And once - Y-2, and two - Y-2, / And three - Y-2. "

In Mytishchi, a monument was erected to the aircraft. The Bank of Russia issued a silver coin in denominations of 1 ruble, dedicated to Y-2. Firms of several countries (Czech Republic, Belarus, Poland, Ukraine) produce its poster models. And in Samara, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Moscow and Kharkov, amateurs built operating U-2 aircraft.

... I remember, passenger liners flew day and night over my native village - you see, it stood right on the international highway. In the afternoon, in cloudless weather, small silver dots with an increasing and decreasing rumble floated back and forth in the blue of the sky, distant and incomprehensible, like night stars. "Kukuruznik" was the first aircraft that I could literally feel with my hands. He sprayed over our fields of chemical fertilizers. We, boys, accompanied him from takeoff and landing from morning till late evening. Being trained in a technical school, every time I strove from Yampol to Vinnitsa and fly back by this wonderful machine. Three and a half hours - and you're at home, instead of half a day shaking the bus.

In the Soviet Union, there were about 2 thousand cities and 3,5 thousand district centers. So, between all the points connected by administrative subordination, there was a regular passenger connection with the help of Corn. However, this is only a fraction of the widest range of applications that the glorious U-2 had. He served the military and medical professionals, geologists and border guards, artists and shepherds all-weather — who did he serve to! There were so-called float-mounted, increased comfort and many other modifications of this most common and popular aircraft in the country. Nevertheless, a special page of his heroic biography is 1418 days and nights of World War II. Remember the words of the lieutenant general from the movie “Heavenly Slow-moving”: “The Motherland will always remember the exploits of winged heroes! Swift fighters, formidable attack aircraft and a powerful bomber Aviation! But the Motherland and our faithful friend, our school friend, will not forget the small plane that started the great battle with the modest U-2 training machine and ends the war, the Po-2 light night bomber that is menacing for the enemy (Polikarpov-2)! ”

Among other undoubted merits of the U-2 adapted for military needs, the exceptional simplicity of the design and low cost of production were considered to be almost the most important.

Because of this, only 34 thousands were fired during the war! The car was exclusively available in comprehension, and therefore became the main training aircraft of the Soviet Air Force. The pilots joked that it’s more difficult to steer a motorcycle, because you have to keep balance there. In other words, the U-2 "forgive" the students for mistakes that by other machines would certainly lead to disasters. This aircraft was almost impossible to enter into a spin. Even if the wounded pilot could no longer hold the rudders, the plane began to independently plan at a speed of a meter per second and smoothly landed on a slightly suitable unpaved surface. And he could take off from such a small “patch” that he even amazed even worldly-wise aces. With a maximum speed of 150 kilometers per hour, the U-2 could “walk” on treetops, along buildings and structures. Luftwaffe pilots were frustrated: this Russian bookcase “to fill up” is more difficult than a fighter. He easily hides in the folds of the terrain and even between the treetops! All together these advantages of the U-2 led to the fact that it became widely used as a night bomber, reconnaissance aircraft and communications. In total, 70 regiments of night bomber and reconnaissance forces operated on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Including the 46 th Guards Night Bomber Aviation Taman Red Banner Order of the Suvorov Light Bomber Women's Aviation Regiment, known as the "Night Witches". Female pilots who received such a formidable nickname dropped almost 3 million bombs on the enemy!

And for the first time, the U-2 was used as a bomber by a civilian pilot of the South-Western Air Group, PS. Bevz, who fought near Odessa. That's just not known how he threw the bombs: by hand or he had an assistant. But we know for sure that the main ammunition dropped from the U-2 were high-explosive bombs FAB-100 and FAB-50. The bomber was suspended either two "weave" or 4 bomb caliber 50 kg. Ampoules equipped with the “KS” mixture, incendiary bombs with thermite balls and with solid fuel were also used. Used fragmentation bombs. Of non-lethal ammunition most often used were the SAB-100 lighting bomb and the AGB-100 agitation bomb.

The results of the combat activities of the U-2 are truly impressive. For example, only the navigator of the link 97 of the Guards night bomber aviation regiment of the guard Lieutenant Hero of the Soviet Union Vasily Dmitrievich Kiz made 640 combat missions.

He blew up 27 depots with fuel and ammunition, destroyed 7 bunkers, an observation post, 168 buildings and structures, destroyed 24 vehicles and 4 aircraft on the ground. It is known that some pilots had more than 800 combat sorties on their accounts, and some, like Hero of the Soviet Union Irina Sebrova, more than a thousand!

The retired captain Vasily Nikanorovich Savenkov has combat results more modest, but his story is especially precious and valuable to me, as a living testimony of those heroic times. He lives in the town of Balashov, Saratov region. The recording was made a year ago, when the veteran of the Great Patriotic War turned 97 years: “We usually flew above the ground in the“ shaving ”space. And for the most part - at night. God forbid, the fascist will notice - will cut with fire - that's all. Y-2, it is also "Russian plywood", as the Fritz said. With the leakage of fuel or oil burned for half a minute.

And what we just did during the war, besides, of course, bombing. I remember how once they helped out a whole tank the division. She rushed after the Germans and was left without fuel - the rear was behind. Here we are, the whole regiment took on board a barrel of fuel, a lendlizovskoy leather bag, where there were biscuits, canned goods, a smoke and - go! I personally delivered almost a ton of fuel to the tankers. For that operation, Rokossovsky himself awarded the Order of the Red Star! The hardest thing was to bombard the enemy bridges. This is when you stand on it, it seems big. And from a height of a couple of hundred meters, the bridge is not that ribbon - a shabby seedy seems. And even anti-aircraft guns from all sides poked. To destroy such goals, a special tactic was developed. We approached the object at low engine gas and at extremely low altitude. Until the very last moment, enemy air defense systems could not detect us. Then the lead plane, which was led by our best ace, impudently provoked the German anti-aircraft guns to fire. As soon as the searchlights were lit and the shelling began, the "provocateur" abruptly went to the ground, as if he had been hit. Meanwhile, several other U-2 crews entered the air defense position from the rear, drowning the engines. Shrapnel bombs were dropped or fired at them from ShKAS (high-speed synchronous air machine gun - MZ). After such a “treatment,” we were already aimingly dropping our bombs. They were mounted on special pylons, which were installed at our repair bases. The usual bomb load is half a centner. But many, including myself, took the double norm of 100 kilograms. Separate daredevils loaded on their U-2 to half a ton, but such recklessness was not welcomed.

Personally, I loved to bomb German trains. And used for this a very simple way without any devices, which allowed me to bomb the enemy train going in the dark without lights.

And the thing is that the rails from rolling wheels shine. Here you fly - and you watch in the dark two thin, glowing with the reflected light of the Moon or the stars of the strings of rails somewhere far below. Aha - railway track. Barrazhiruesh over it and suddenly - the brilliance was gone! A dark spot about two hundred meters long, which also creeps - this is the enemy echelon. You start working on it, dropping it “drop by drop”. As soon as we called for our radio bombs our bombs: buttons, tomatoes, potatoes, apples - we fool around with one word.

For all my life I remember such a case. Once a cool German ace decided to bomb our airfield U-2. It can be seen, so we annoyed him. And that ace our pilots shot down. But he himself was alive. They bring him to the staff dugout, and I'm just on duty on the regiment. I look at him: tattered, charred, but with all the regalia. He has crosses - his coat is full. Probably even started to fight with Spain! Well, interrogated him by honor. And suddenly Asks asks: would you introduce to me that master who so famously shot me down. Probably, he is a hero or whatever you have there. Here he is shown a kid from those whom we called ourselves “six months” - an accelerated preparation in six months. I will not forget the picture to the grave: they stand against each other - burned, but the sleek ace all in crosses from collar to belt - beat the British down, knocked the French down, Poles, Norwegians ... And our lieutenant is incomplete twenty years old, not in height in the jacket. And from regalia - one Komsomol icon. What can I say, I myself fought as a youth. The growth did not come out here, so only when the captain got me by patronymic began to call me. And that all - Cornflower, yes Cornflower.

But still life I lived very happy. He fought the whole war. Considerable damage to the enemy inflicted. Participated in the Victory Parade. Yes, yes, participated. And how was it. On the eve of the celebrations, he poured heavy rain. Clouded the sky with aloud clouds. So there was no question of flying. Although initially planned a solemn flight of a huge number of bombers, fighters and even our U-2 squadron, with the famous aces, Heroes of the Soviet Union, at the head! But the command decided: since it is impossible to fly over Moscow, the airborne part of the parade should be held over the airfield in Tushino, after the pilots will walk across the square on foot - in general ceremonial formation. How am I happy about this decision of the command. Proudly printed step on the Moscow pavement. I saw how the trophy banners were thrown under the Mausoleum, and Marshal Zhukov himself greeted the horse with the troops ”.

And - the last. During the war 2 people became the Heroes of the Soviet Union who fought on Y-59. Guards Major Vorobiev Ivan Alekseevich, squadron commander of the 76-th Guards Ground Attack Aviation Regiment was twice a Hero ...
Author:
Originator:
http://www.stoletie.ru/territoriya_istorii/legenda_po_imeni_u-2_949.htm
72 comments
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  1. Baloo
    Baloo 21 January 2018 20: 24
    +8
    It is also necessary to mention raids behind enemy lines to supply partisans and remove the wounded.
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 22 January 2018 06: 42
      +3
      In the Soviet Union, there were about 2 thousand cities and 3,5 thousand district centers. So, between all the points connected by administrative subordination, there was regular passenger communication with the help of "Corn". - from article

      And now, after more than half a century, 60-80 years, we have all lost it. There is no aviation communication not only between administrative regions and the regional center, but there is no aviation communication between regional and regional centers.
      From one area to another you need to fly through Moscow ?! The survivors are called until the 21st century.
      1. alstr
        alstr 22 January 2018 11: 36
        +2
        But here it should be noted that the tough need for such a message (at least in the European part of Russia) has disappeared, because this niche is now occupied by cars.
        There are few places left (I'm talking about the center), where the use of passenger small aircraft is justified, because the cruising speed of vehicles was equal to the cruising U-2 (100 versus 110-120, and passenger cars easily scratched even under 150).
        And passenger transport can compete with the AN-2 (which has 180 cruising in full load).


        Another thing is that, unfortunately, in Siberia and the Far East, small aircraft were also stolen. And there she is needed very much.
        1. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 22 January 2018 12: 32
          +6
          Another thing is that, unfortunately, in Siberia and the Far East, small aircraft were also stolen. And there she is needed very much. - alstr

          I will give you an example. In Soviet times, the 70-80s from Irkutsk to Bratsk flew up to 10 flights per day, AN-24, Yak-40. Now 1 flight per week. This is in one area, although the distances are thousandths.
          AN-2 was used for communication within areas between villages and nearby villages from Irkutsk. In Irkutsk, there was a whole flight squad on the AN-2. Now there is nothing. Motor transport at Siberian distances simply cannot be taken into account and compared
          Somehow, contacts with district centers on L-410 are maintained 1-2-3 times a week, and that’s all.
          Compare the "backward" Soviet past and the current 21st capitalist century.
          I also forgot to say at the cost of tickets how heaven and earth are in favor of the Soviet era.
          1. alstr
            alstr 22 January 2018 13: 56
            0
            So this is Siberia. Where there are not many roads. And there really is small aircraft really needed.
            In mind, we need to take an example from Canada and Alaska, where almost all communications on small aircraft should be done, i.e. allow to own and fly, but we can’t, suddenly enemies ... ((((
            1. vladimirZ
              vladimirZ 22 January 2018 14: 40
              +2
              In mind, we need to take an example from Canada and Alaska, where almost all communications on small aircraft should be done, i.e. allow to own and fly, but we can’t, suddenly enemies ... ((((- alstr

              Firstly, our population is not so rich as to buy airplanes.
              Secondly, the distances in Siberia and in the same Alaska and Canada are not comparable, and therefore you can’t solve the problems with small aircraft.
              Thirdly, an airplane, it’s not a car, will break down - you won’t stop it in the air, it’s a technique that requires careful maintenance and repair by specialists, which is difficult to accomplish with many small private air carriers.
              The solution to the problem of civil aviation in Russia, with its incredible distances for other countries, is one thing - the creation of a unified state campaign that will have to take on all the functions of a civil air carrier from ordering those needed. the characteristics of aircraft at aircraft factories, its maintenance and repair, the training of all flight technical personnel in their educational institutions, the construction and maintenance of airports and airfields, and all other issues related to the operation of civil aviation. Since it was in the USSR - a single Aeroflot. As well as in some other countries - one state-owned air carrier.
              In essence, the Yeltsin team “seized” the Soviet Aeroflot, destroyed the entire GA system, which has not been able to recover for more than 25 years, and will not recover until it returns to the unified state GA system.
              1. alstr
                alstr 22 January 2018 14: 57
                0
                Well, about the size you are wrong. Siberia + Far East are approximately equal to Canada + Alaska.
                The problems are the same.
                Cost is yes. A little expensive - not Lada. But here again, the larger the production, the cheaper. Here again, state support is needed.

                As for the service, it would be something to serve, but there is someone to serve. I figured out the people with foreign cars - and deal with airplanes. It only takes time. Then, if there is demand for us, Western manufacturers will catch up.

                But in any case, we need state policy, but alas, no.
                1. alstr
                  alstr 22 January 2018 14: 58
                  0
                  Threat by the way about to break. Here, the news recently ran where it was reported that in the snow somewhere we didn’t let out single cars.
                  And the car can break down also at the most inopportune moment.
          2. Doliva63
            Doliva63 22 January 2018 16: 43
            +3
            In the “backward” Soviet past, there were not only regular flights within the districts, but also cheap air taxi services.
  2. Cat
    Cat 21 January 2018 20: 24
    +5
    I will supplement the author a little!
    You can safely call the third song dedicated to the feat of "Night Witches", which means U-2 on which they flew. Swedish rock band "Sabaton" composition is called - Night Witches.
    Lyrics (translation).
    From the depths of hell, in complete silence
    Conjure their explosive spells
    Russian night for flights is perfect
    All-seeing, secretive

    From the depths of hell, in complete silence
    Conjure their explosive spells
    Russian night for flights is perfect
    All-seeing, secretive

    Impudent, their planes are fast
    Air Force Number One
    Somewhere below, they seek out the enemy
    Bomber scores
    You won't hide, you won't run away
    Wait in the wings, their attack will be successful
    Riders in the dark
    In the night, witches strike
    Do not miss your goal

    Under the cover of deadly wings
    Get ready to face your fate
    Night Bomber Regiment
    588 1

    Imperceptible
    Sudden
    Wings of Glory
    Tell their story
    Aviation
    Evasion
    Imperceptible
    Masters of disguise

    The enemy is moving away
    The feeling of death hung in the air and here it is
    Appears suddenly, confirming all your fears
    Straight from the witch's den
    Target detected, surrounded,
    The rumble of cannon trunks from the battlefield
    Axis 2 aims high
    Homeland expects victory from them
    They live to fight and fly

    Under the cover of deadly wings
    Get ready to face your fate
    Night Bomber Regiment
    588

    Imperceptible
    Sudden
    Wings of Glory
    Tell their story
    Aviation
    Evasion
    Imperceptible
    Masters of disguise

    Under the light of the stars
    Desperate Heroes in the Sky
    (Witches approach the target and return again)
    How to arise on the horizon
    The wind will whisper when the Night Witches come again

    Imperceptible
    Sudden
    Wings of Glory
    Tell their story
    Aviation
    Evasion
    Imperceptible
    Masters of disguise

    From the depths of hell, in complete silence
    Conjure their explosive spells
    Russian night for flights is perfect
    All-seeing, secretive

    From the depths of hell, in complete silence
    Conjure their explosive spells
    Russian night for flights is perfect
    All-seeing, secretive

    From the depths of hell, in complete silence
    Conjure their explosive spells
    Russian night for flights is perfect
    All-seeing, secretive


    The song is dedicated to the 46th Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, nicknamed "Night Witches."
    1) This refers to the 588th air regiment, which differed from other formations in that it was completely female: only women occupied all positions in it from mechanics and technicians to navigators and pilots.
  3. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 21 January 2018 20: 26
    +8
    [/ quote] high-speed synchronous aircraft machine gun - MZ [quote]
    the ShKAS machine gun, which was mounted on the 2 by the navigator, was not synchronous, because it was mounted on a pivot mount. Synchronous machine guns fired through the propeller disk and had nothing to do with 2 software. Regarding combat load and night bombing methods. Usually, at first several SABs were hung over the target, after which the air defense systems tried to bring down primarily them, since the blinding of the 20-mm Erlikon calculations was complete. More than full-time 200 kg aircraft were rarely taken. 150 km / h was developing an empty aircraft with a completely new engine, with a load of 200 kg and not a new M-11 (its engine, 100 hp) it was impossible to develop more than 120 km / h. My father in the regiment had an attempt to take off with 400 kg, which ended in an emergency landing on the forest. The most interesting thing is that when I found a description of this accident in the Podolsk archive, the pilot’s error was mentioned there as the reason, and the load was supposedly 150 kg - this is how the engineer on the IAS of the regiment covered his ass from the enema.
  4. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 21 January 2018 20: 31
    14
    Father's flight book
    1. Cat
      Cat 21 January 2018 21: 00
      +4
      Everything, the Aviator "kindly" suffered.
      Honor and praise to you that you are in our ranks of VO observers.
      A low bow to the memory of your Father for his military feat during the years of World War II.
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 21 January 2018 21: 24
        +7
        C'mon, thanks for the kind word. It is a pity that my father did not live up to VO; he would have written comments. For all his sorties, during World War II he had only the Red Star, the medal "For the Defense of the Caucasus" and "For the Victory over Germany." And all because the commander of the 322 division of night bombers had great views of Evdokia Davydovna Bershanskaya, the commander of the 46 Guards NBA. And she took and married Major Bocharov Konstantin Dmitrievich, the commander of the 889 NBAP, in which his father fought. Therefore, all awards for the 889 NBAP were more than greatly thinned out.
  5. polpot
    polpot 21 January 2018 21: 28
    +1
    Lack of speed, which became the main advantage of the front-line use of this machine and the reckless Soviet pilots, was its main weapon
  6. shuravi
    shuravi 21 January 2018 21: 46
    +7
    Like it or not, but the main merit of the U-2, as the machine of the initial training. Its ease of piloting did not become a barrier, did not cut off undeservedly capable youth. The percentage of non-departed is extremely low.
  7. Vard
    Vard 21 January 2018 22: 03
    +1
    A magnificent example when the characteristics of the machine are fully consistent with combat use ...
  8. sd68
    sd68 21 January 2018 22: 10
    +5
    It can be seen from the text that the author confuses two completely different aircraft, the U-2 and An-2, both were known as a corn carrier, since they were also used in agricultural aviation, but the post-war An-2 was used as a passenger aircraft.
    And what kind of unknown world records did U-2 set?
    It is clear that there is no point in taking such an article seriously.
    1. shuravi
      shuravi 21 January 2018 22: 16
      +3
      Quote: sd68
      It can be seen from the text that the author confuses two completely different aircraft, the U-2 and An-2, both of which were known as maize,


      Only lamers call An-2 maize.
      1. sd68
        sd68 21 January 2018 22: 43
        +5
        Boy, how old are you, since you don’t remember what the An-2 was called?
        Wiki to help in this case.
        https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D1%83%D0%BA%
        D1%83%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA
        And what is there with the fact that the author of U-2 and An-2 is clearly confusing? Or you did not see it in my post?
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 21 January 2018 23: 11
          +4
          The instructor gave the gas himself, the engine rumbled, howled, and the aircraft, bouncing, took off. Mechanically controlling, Naumov took the handle over himself, and this small car, similar to a dragonfly, affectionately named on the northern fronts "Forester", on the central - "Skit"in the south - "Corncob", everywhere serving as a target for good-natured soldier wit and everywhere respected as an old, tried and tested, eccentric, but fighting friend, a machine that all pilots used to learn to fly, climbed abruptly into the air.

          Polevoy B. N. "A TALE OF A REAL MAN"
          1. sd68
            sd68 21 January 2018 23: 23
            +2
            oh, one more sure that Maresyev flew on the An-2. smile
            Threat I will tell you a secret — the book of Polevoy is artistic, and the events with her hero were really different — in my pioneering times I personally corresponded with Alexei Petrovich, our squad bore his name, and I was the chairman — I remember that at that time he was on the Council of Veterans .
            1. Tarikxnumx
              Tarikxnumx 22 January 2018 02: 47
              +2
              Dear, An-2 became a "corn-farmer" much later PO-2. And precisely because it looked like the brainchild of Polikarpov both externally (also a biplane) and the method of application (flying at very low altitudes, widespread use in agricultural aviation). In addition, in the pre-war era, U-2 was very actively used by civil aviation as a passenger, headquarters, and postal aircraft. So the situation described in the article that the author was getting home could well have taken place.

              U-2 or Po-2 (according to NATO codification: Mule - “Mule”) - a multi-purpose biplane, created under the leadership of N.N. Polikarpov in 1927. One of the most massive aircraft in the world.

              The plane had the colloquial name “corn-picker,” since during the raids of enemy aircraft during the Great Patriotic War, these planes, due to their small size, were able to hide in thickets (including corn).

              The quote from the wiki, though not entirely correct ..
              By the way, Po-2 really holds at least one world record - the most massive biplane in the world ...
              1. sd68
                sd68 22 January 2018 03: 31
                +1
                You can read more about the link that the U-2 was used for general passenger transportation. never read about it anywhere.
                as well as the fact that it was with its help that passenger air traffic was carried out between district centers and the region.
                you seem to be the only one who knows this ....
                1. The comment was deleted.
                2. The comment was deleted.
                3. Avis-bis
                  Avis-bis 1 March 2018 09: 12
                  +5
                  Quote: sd68
                  You can read more about the link that the U-2 was used for general passenger transportation. never read about it anywhere.
                  as well as the fact that it was with its help that passenger air traffic was carried out between district centers and the region.
                  you seem to be the only one who knows this ....

                  This is such a well-known fact that, on the contrary, among people interested in aviation, you are the only one who does not know this. :)
                  U-2 / Po-2, indeed, performed intraregional passenger flights. And not only before the Second World War.
            2. hohol95
              hohol95 22 January 2018 08: 15
              +1
              You kind "do not bend your fingers and do not inflate bubbles on the nose of importance"!
              I brought an excerpt from the story to remind you of the many names that ordinary soldiers and civilian hard worker U-2 / PO-2 awarded.
              1. sd68
                sd68 22 January 2018 10: 10
                0
                do you have anything with a Russian?
                Did you see what I wrote and what did you take to comment?
                What side of my post is your comment?
                Boy, how old are you, since you don’t remember what the An-2 was called?
                Wiki to help in this case.
                https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D1%83%D0%BA%
                D1%83%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA
                And what is there with the fact that the author of U-2 and An-2 is clearly confusing? Or you did not see it in my post?
                1. hohol95
                  hohol95 22 January 2018 10: 14
                  0
                  oh, one more sure that Maresyev flew on the An-2.

                  Is not your appeal to me?
                  1. sd68
                    sd68 22 January 2018 11: 29
                    0
                    The post was about An-2, you brought an excerpt about Maresyev.
                    1. hohol95
                      hohol95 22 January 2018 11: 59
                      +2
                      Regarding the passenger modification of the U-2 -
                      U-2SP
                      "special use", a three-seater passenger plane, a third open cockpit was installed, and the position of the others was changed. In 1934-39. 861 copies were built, during the war they were used for communication.

                      Everything here PEOPLE, all MAN ... hi
                    2. hohol95
                      hohol95 22 January 2018 12: 23
                      0
                      Whatever the matter, try not to neglect your opponent! (Smile is the best weapon ... laughing )
                      Not everyone knows what you personally know! But you also don’t know much that others personally know ... hi
      2. BAI
        BAI 22 January 2018 09: 48
        0
        Throughout his life, the An-2 was called a maize - for the processing of corn fields. And U-2 (Po-2) was not noted in this case. In no film of the 30s and 40s, when real aircraft were shot, they did not call him a corn mailer.
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 22 January 2018 09: 58
          0
          Let me give you another literary example -
          Fazil Iskander in his novel "Sandro from Chegem" wrote, referring to U-2, the following: "... It was forty-second year. I lived in the mountains in my grandfather’s house ... I lay on the grass in the shadow of a large alder, listening to the usual cod "Corn" flying over the pass. There were fights. Once, from behind a ridge with a panic crash flew out "Maize" and almost began to fall down with a stone, into the failure of the Kodori Valley, and then, having already fallen very low, it flew to the very sea. "I felt with all my skin with what human horror he crossed the ridge, saving himself, apparently, from a German fighter."
        2. sd68
          sd68 22 January 2018 10: 15
          0
          Polevoy, as you see above, has this, so it’s not a later invention, the name was still used
        3. hohol95
          hohol95 22 January 2018 10: 54
          0
          U-2A (AP, AO)
          single agricultural pollinator aircraft built in U-2AP and U-2AO variants since 1930, with a chemical bin with a capacity of 250 kg at the rear of the fuselage. After 1944 It was built as Po-2A with an M-11K engine with 115 hp. Built 9000 copies.
    2. Dooplet11
      Dooplet11 22 January 2018 19: 10
      +1
      "Starting from the 1945 of the year, the Po-2L modification with a furnished cab was built in small series for two passengers, leading her family tree from the sanitary C-2. Aileron and rudders with aerodynamic compensation, trim on the elevator, switched from Po-2ShS to it. The cockpit was still open, but the dimensions of the fuselage did not change. Until 1947, such machines were produced by plant No. 387, then No. 463 and No. 168, and some aircraft repair bases. And sometimes not new aircraft were built, but alterations were made during the overhaul of the already significantly flying Po-2. "
  9. 26rus
    26rus 21 January 2018 22: 11
    +2
    In Mytishchi, a monument was erected to the aircraft. The Bank of Russia issued a silver coin in denominations of 1 ruble, dedicated to Y-2. Firms of several countries (Czech Republic, Belarus, Poland, Ukraine) produce its poster models. And in Samara, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Moscow and Kharkov, amateurs built operating U-2 aircraft. . Mineralnye Vody, avenue of aircraft on the former ARZ-411.
  10. shuravi
    shuravi 21 January 2018 22: 18
    +3
    How pleased flying specimens of the U-2.

  11. Curious
    Curious 21 January 2018 23: 44
    +7
    I do not want to offend the author, but there are some doubts about the reliability of certain points.
    "... I remember that passenger liners flew day and night over my native village - you see, it stood exactly on the international highway. "
    Judging by the intensity and altitude of the described flights, this was already the era of clearly non-piston engines, that is, no earlier than the beginning of the 60s. Pkst author at this time seven years. Add ten years to school. Around the end of the 60s. - beginning of the 70s.
    "Studying at a technical school, every time I strove from Yampol to Vinnitsa and back to fly in this wonderful car. Three and a half hours - and you are at home, instead of shaking half a day on the bus. "
    Where the author found in these years PO-2, which provides passenger transportation on intraregional routes, is a big mystery.
    Since 1948, AN-2 took the place on these routes, which by 1977 served 3254 settlements - this is a world record! The nickname "maize" passed to him.
    If anyone has other information - share it, it's interesting though.
    1. sd68
      sd68 21 January 2018 23: 53
      +4
      U-2, as far as I know, I never flew general-purpose passenger, only on special flights, and no one drove college students to them
      1. Curious
        Curious 22 January 2018 00: 04
        +2
        Moreover, the Po-2ShS variant, which had a new fuselage with a closed cockpit for the pilot and two or three passengers, did not go into the series.
        1. sd68
          sd68 22 January 2018 00: 17
          +4
          there it is clear and so.
          with the help of An-2, the regional centers and the region were really connected, I myself still remember the end of these times, but the U-2 was not used for such purposes.
          I think in vain such an article was placed in the Armaments.
          This article is about a legend, not an airplane, and legends do not require the actual side.
          Maybe history would be more correct, or opinions?
          But here she is clearly out of place with such mistakes
        2. hohol95
          hohol95 22 January 2018 10: 56
          +1
          U-2SP
          "special use", a three-seater passenger plane, a third open cockpit was installed, and the position of the others was changed. In 1934-39. 861 copies were built, during the war they were used for communication.
          1. sd68
            sd68 22 January 2018 11: 27
            +2
            special use is not a passenger plane, it was not used for passenger traffic
            1. hohol95
              hohol95 22 January 2018 12: 04
              0
              Applied or not is another question! Modification - passenger for 2 passengers! And whom they transported is another question !!!
              Perhaps the author confused U-2 / PO-2 with PR-5 (passenger version of R-5).
              The first production PR-5 was tested by the pilot A.S. Shvedovsky in July 1936. After a short time, this machine was operated on the Ulan - Verkhneudinsk line (now Ulan-Ude - Ulan Bator). In total, 200 passenger cars of the PR-5 type were built. A significant part of them was used in the southern regions of the Soviet Union and Central Asia. Some cars have undergone improvements during serial production. The upper wing was moved forward 100 mm and a number of improvements were made. The aircraft received the designation PR-5bis.

              1. sd68
                sd68 22 January 2018 15: 47
                0
                The author describes in detail what it is about, obviously about the An-2.
                If passenger traffic was in remote places before the war, then Obviously not Yampol to Vinnitsa
            2. Dooplet11
              Dooplet11 22 January 2018 19: 15
              0

              Whom did this Aeroflot flight carry? Passengers?
              1. Curious
                Curious 23 January 2018 00: 06
                0
                The last PO-2L, which could carry two passengers, was released in 1949. The author of the article talks about the 70s, perhaps the end
                60's. I flew a lot on local lines in those years as a passenger. I have not seen Po-2 at any of the airports even in the parking lot. Most often An-2 carried passengers. Sometimes came across Czech “Morava” and “Turbolet”.
                1. Dooplet11
                  Dooplet11 23 January 2018 18: 07
                  0
                  I do not argue. In the 70's from Khmelnitsky to Kiev, my aunt flew to An-2. Two points should be divided here: was there a “passenger Po-2, and a case of flying" on what? "Described by the author.
    2. shuravi
      shuravi 21 January 2018 23: 54
      0
      Quote: Curious
      I do not want to offend the author, but there are some doubts about the reliability of certain points.
      "... I remember that passenger liners flew day and night over my native village - you see, it stood exactly on the international highway. "


      He confuses them with the MVL.
      1. sd68
        sd68 21 January 2018 23: 59
        +2
        yeah. MVL liner on an international line.
        but what about.
        1. shuravi
          shuravi 22 January 2018 00: 28
          +1
          MVL, this is a local air line. Do not confuse with BT (first category airway).
          1. sd68
            sd68 22 January 2018 00: 42
            +3
            I know. the article clearly confused An-2 and U-2 - this is completely obvious.
    3. Monarchist
      Monarchist 22 January 2018 08: 54
      +1
      Probably for the author all the biplanes are the same?
  12. Alf
    Alf 21 January 2018 23: 55
    0
    They said such a phrase about U-2: If you don’t know how to sit down, let go of the pen and he will sit down himself.
    And in Korea he annoyed the "democrats". Not only did it fly low and slowly, but it didn’t shine on radars — a plane made of wood and percale.
  13. Pushkar
    Pushkar 22 January 2018 00: 47
    +6
    The author confuses two different cars - U-2 and An-2. These machines have only one thing in common. that both biplanes and An-2 bore the nickname "maize". After the fourth paragraph, I felt sad and quit reading. You need to at least a little understanding of what you write.
  14. Vard
    Vard 22 January 2018 04: 08
    +2
    Do not shoot the pianist ... He plays as he can ... I read somewhere one ... I looked on the Internet another ... Well, pile .. For which the author plus ... He recalled that there was once a magnificent car, which, in principle, could now fly ...
    1. ICT
      ICT 22 January 2018 06: 26
      +2
      .
      Quote: Vard
      which, in principle, could now fly ...


      HERE And I'm talking about a car too, that good one would be worked out on modern materials and engines, and as they say in the national economy, and even silence
  15. Strashila
    Strashila 22 January 2018 07: 23
    +2
    Award to her father’s colleague, after the Khrushchev reform, many military men were demobilized and civil enterprises came to work, although at that moment the plant was listed as a mailbox. During the war, he flew on the U-2 ...
    his award sheet
    1. Strashila
      Strashila 22 January 2018 07: 28
      +2
      the plane was a station wagon
  16. BAI
    BAI 22 January 2018 09: 53
    0
    Luftwaffe pilots vehemently vexed: this Russian bookcase is more difficult to “fill up" than a fighter.

    The deadly threat to the U-2 was FV-189. And if the FV-189 pilots reported hundreds of downed U-2s, and the Soviet U-2 pilots reported nothing about meeting the FV-189, then Rama shot down the U-2, so that the pilots did not even know who shot down. Let me remind you that the FV-189 was used as a night fighter, against the U-2, in conditions of limited or complete lack of visibility. Rapprochement with a target was carried out on the radar (the Germans had, but not with us).
    1. hohol95
      hohol95 22 January 2018 10: 11
      +2
      The first two fighters entered service with the NJG100 night fighter squadron "Hundred" (formed in Bryansk in August 1943) in March 1944.
      Then, starting in May, they began to regularly enter into service in small quantities mainly the first staffel of squadron 1./NJG100. By June, the total number of FW.189A fighters in service with the "hundredth" squadron reached eight. Then in August, five of them were transferred to the second group II./NJG100. Unfortunately, there is no information about the effectiveness of using FW.189 as night fighter aircraft. In the memoirs of Soviet pilots, these machines also do not appear. What successes these honored fighters achieved in the field of struggle with night U-2 bombers remained unclear. Their last rare occurrences were recorded in February-March 1945 at the airfields of Danzig, Witzkerstrand, and Greifswald. In total, about 30 copies of the FW.189A were converted into night fighters.

      To write - do not toss bags ...
    2. Alf
      Alf 22 January 2018 22: 41
      +1
      Quote: BAI
      And if the FV-189 pilots reported hundreds of downed U-2s,

      You yourself are not funny?
  17. shuravi
    shuravi 22 January 2018 10: 22
    +1
    And how not to remember:
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 22 January 2018 17: 00
      +3
      And dad allowed! Yes, there were other people.
  18. Fitter65
    Fitter65 22 January 2018 14: 55
    +1
    Well, when the authors of articles on armaments will know at least elementary
    fired at them from ShKAS (high-speed synchronous aircraft machine gun - MZ)

    ShKAS-Shpitalny-Komaritsky Aviation Rapid Fire. There were turret options (on a pivot mount) -applied to Po-2, wing, and synchronous.
  19. Dedall
    Dedall 22 January 2018 22: 21
    +2
    Until recently, a very interesting old man by the name of Chivilikhin lived in Novocherkassk, the brother of the writer who wrote emotional books about pilots. He sometimes called a doctor to him and then they sent me to him, because we really had a hearty conversation with him about the aviation of that time. So, he said at the very beginning that he started the war with the mechanic U-2 and only in the year 43 they were transferred to Il-2. He described many subtleties, to know which technique of this unique aircraft needed to know. And all the same, he assured that the "corn carrier" was a plane unique in its simplicity. His motor was especially good. As for military everyday life, I had the feeling that his brother took half of his stories as the basis of his books. Eternal memory to such people!
  20. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 23 January 2018 19: 04
    0
    The article is interesting, thanks. There is only one remark: in the film "Only the elderly go into battle" there is a PO-2 theme, but the film, after all, is not dedicated to him
    1. Avis-bis
      Avis-bis 1 March 2018 09: 20
      +5
      And “Valery Chkalov” is not dedicated to him, like “Fighters”.
  21. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 13 March 2018 15: 15
    +1
    They are therefore only for the war produced about 34 thousand

    The article is not bad, but there are many inaccuracies and exaggerations - "mythologization" Po-2
    For all time, about 33000 aircraft were built.

    It’s not worth praising what our U-2 pilots used as a night bomber — this is the misery and tragedy of our aircraft in WWII.
    Our industry was not able to provide a sufficient fleet of bombers.

    If combat sorties instead of U-2 were carried out on the same Su-2 or Pe-2, how many more effective sorties would be carried out? Bombing during the day is with great effect. And no matter how many pilots were burned and killed in linen shelves ... To shoot down the U-2 in the afternoon was not very difficult - it all depended on the skill of the pilots. Since the Po-2 aircraft shot down during the day was either staff or connected, its destruction was highly valued in the German Air Force. And not by the fact that it was difficult to bring down.
    Not protected tanks - the plane flashed very easily, the lack of an armor plate for the pilot and the protection of the shooter / passenger - in most of these meetings, the U-2 was doomed. Many U-2 pilots tried to land and take cover while throwing a plane (I also read such recollections of the Soviet ass fighter who flew to the rear of the U-2).

    You ask any pilot - what would he like to fight? - On U-2 or on Il-2, Su-2, Pe-2, I think everyone would choose a real combat aircraft, and not a surrogate from a light biplane, developed in 1927-1928, with a scanty payload.

    Which of course does not detract from the heroism of the pilots flying the U-2.

    and a few numbers:
    In general, in the late 1930s, an impressive amount of training Polykarpovs were used in Soviet aviation. As of October 1940, only the Air Force of the Red Army included 3424 U-2 in the fleet of training vehicles. In addition, another 384 training U-2 were in the service of aviation of the Navy.


    U-2LSh light attack aircraft; a large number of pre-war aircraft were converted to this standard; armed with one ShKAS machine gun of 7,62 mm caliber on a ring carriage above the rear cockpit, had fastenings for 120 kg of bombs plus launch rail guides for four rockets of the RS-82.

    U-2LNB light night bomber was produced since 1941. The bomb load increased to 200 kg, there were spotlights and a silencer on the exhaust pipe.

    U-2VS is the main aircraft of the Soviet Air Force, used by senior personnel as a communications aircraft. More than 9000 copies were in service in 1945 under the new designation Po-2BC.
    http://www.airwar.ru/enc/other1/u2.html подробнее
    1. Severok
      Severok 1 May 2018 15: 20
      0
      U-2 (Po-2) was used as a nightlight precisely for the reason that it was vulnerable to daytime activities. If you think that the installation of armored backs, the design of tanks would add vitality to him, then you are very mistaken, just remember how much power he had an engine, would he pull 250 kg of extra weight? Even despite the fact that our pilots and pilots often flew with great overload.
      Now ask yourself about what you would like to fight as a pilot? Your desire to fly one or another type of aircraft would end quickly and military clearly. To what extent and in what quality it would be expedient for the command to use you, in that it would use it according to the laws of wartime. Moreover, it was a different time. People strove by all means and in any capacity to bring Victory over the enemy closer.
      Regarding the poverty and tragedy of our Aviation and the Air Force of the Red Army, you have read for nothing and where you are. The tragedy of our Aviation was only in: the lack of a sufficient range of aircraft engines; poor preparation of the flight crew in the period 42-44 and in its illiterate use in the initial period of the Second World War.

      I have the honor.
  22. Severok
    Severok 1 May 2018 15: 10
    0
    ... "ShKAS (rapid-fire synchronous aircraft machine gun - MZ)" - an incorrect statement. ShKAS Shpitalny Komaritsky aviation rapid-fire. It was used in turret mounts, as a wing machine gun, the synchronization mechanism on it was used only and exclusively if it was fired through the plane of the screw.