Military Review

Ensign of the Southwestern Front

36
Wartime officers. Russian ensigns ...
Much has been written about them - and this is not accidental. After all, out of the total mass of officers produced during the First World War - about 220000 people - 108970 graduated from the warrant officers' school [Volkov S. The tragedy of the Russian officers. M., 2002. C. 9]. The total combat losses of the Russian officer corps were 71298 people - including the chief officer 67772, of which 37392 warrant officer [Ibid.]. It was the wartime officers who were the backbone of the officer corps during the 1916-1917 campaigns, and they led their soldiers forward during the Offensive of the South-Western Front 1916, of which the 9 and 11 armies were.




The 9 Army is a participant in the Galicia and Warsaw-Ivangorod operations, the Carpathian Battle and the Offensive of the South-Western Front 1916.

11-I army was formed in September 1914, and was called the Blockade. The task of the new operational association is the siege of the Austrian stronghold of Przemysl. In October, the army becomes 11. The army’s assets included successful actions in the Carpathians, victory in the battle of Zuravnen and finally victories in the Offensive of the South-Western Front 1916.

We want to recall the exploits of the three ensigns of the 9 and 11 armies of the South-Western Front - wartime officers, whose efforts largely succeeded the Russian weapons - one of the most brilliant for his history. 3 feat is a drop in the sea of ​​courage and heroism manifested in those days, but they are very significant.

The commander of the reserve company.
Officer of the 5 Infantry Regiment of the 2 Infantry Division Ensign Vladimir Voskresensky in battle 23 May 1916 of the places. Olyka commanded the 4th Regiment Company. The company was in the reserve of the 3 th battalion and moved forward - following the battalion. Having overcome the enemy's wire barricades under a strong rifle and machine-gun fire of the enemy, together with the 3 battalion, the company broke into the first line of the enemy fortifications.

V. Voskresensky, dragging his subordinates behind him, rushed to the second line of the enemy defense. The company rushed after the brave commander and, overcoming the wire obstacles, broke into the second line. After a fierce bayonet battle, the 2 line was also taken.

Seeing that the enemy began to bypass the right flank of the Russian units that broke into the 3 line of enemy trenches on high. 113.0, an enterprising ensign, despite the fact that his company lost a junior officer and many shooters, despite the completely open terrain and flank rifle and machine-gun fire, at the head of the remnants of his company rushed forward. When approaching the wire barriers of the 3 line of enemy trenches, struck by an enemy bullet, the brave warrant officer died the death of the brave — but the enemy's detour maneuver was thwarted.

Heavy battery Ensign Gusak.
In the 15 battle on June 1916, the 10 th Zaamur border infantry regiment with a swift attack knocked the enemy out of the trenches in the area of ​​the town of Gvozdets and continued pursuit. At the western outskirts of the village of Gvozdets (small), the regiment came under heavy rifle and artillery fire from the enemy, moreover from close range.

When carrying out the order of the regimental commander to pursue the enemy, the commander of the 1 battalion of the regiment, Lieutenant Gusak, going to the hill in front of the village, saw the enemy battery. The battery was in the garden - beyond the road connecting Kolomyskoe highway with der. Turk.

Lieutenant Gusak put forward a 1 company under the command of Ensign Gusak, his son. The company moved to the right of the highway in order to cut the road and prevent the battery from retreating to the Turk village. It was evident how to the front of the battery rushed the front end, and the gunners hurriedly shot their last shells. Seeing the approaching men of Zaamur, the cover company opened indiscriminate firing, joined by artillery crew fire from revolvers and carbines.

Ensign Gusak with his personal example carried away his company, and overcoming various obstacles, she quickly stepped onto the road to the village of Turk, cutting off the battery. The front has already been at the battery - and the ensign, having fired the battery in volleys, led the company into bayonets. After the bayonet bout, the cover dropped the weapon and surrendered, and with it the battery gave up.

Thanks to the actions of Ensign Gusak, the 4-gun 150-mm heavy battery was taken in full - with officers, gun crews, horses and ammunition, a company of the 150 cover was taken. Commander P. A. Lechitsky introduced Ensign Gusak to the Order of Saint George of the 4 degree for the displayed initiative, discipline and "the brilliant feat of selfless courage."

50 Wounds Ensign Orlovsky.
27 in May 1916 in the 10 o'clock in the morning went on the offensive 16 Infantry Ladoga Regiment. The offensive was conducted in waves under the cover of the fire curtain of the plot's batteries - at the head of the first wave, groups of reconnaissance and grenadiers moved. Despite the completely open terrain, on which the regiment had to attack, despite the force of hurricane artillery, machine-gun, rifle and mortar fire, hundreds of squinting fighters of the advanced battalions, companies with a friendly onslaught rushed at the stubbornly holding enemy, and after a bloody battle, smashing his resistance, seized the first line of enemy trenches.

The bitterness of the bayonet battle was unparalleled - hundreds of corpses pierced with bayonets filled the trenches. And the task - by all means to seize the almost impregnable height of the 389 - the regiment, together with the 13-m Infantry Belozersky Regiment, performed brilliantly. Not only frontiers strongly fortified by the enemy at this height were taken, but also a series of persistent and violent counterattacks to two infantry regiments were repulsed.

At this height, Ensign of the 16 Infantry Ladoga Regiment Joseph Orlovsky had a chance to distinguish himself. In the battle of June 4 at der. Sparrow he commanded the 9-th company of the regiment. Occupying trenches on the heights. 389 on the left flank of the battalion, the company repulsed three powerful enemy attacks. When the enemy broke through the front of the right-wing 8 of the company, I. Orlovsky, at the head of his fighters, rushed into a bayonet attack - and rejected the enemy. Then the ensign organized the flank defense of his plot and, despite more than fifty wounds he had received (!), Personally led the defense of his plot until the arrival of reinforcements.

And there are hundreds and thousands of such episodes.

At the end of the article, we look at the faces of some of the ensigns of the Russian army who distinguished themselves in the 1916 campaign


Victor Alekseevich Govorov. He was badly injured on the Southwest Front 16. 07. 1916. Died of wounds.


Boris Nikolaevich Artemyev, 25 years. Fell in battle 21. 06. 1916 was awarded the Order of St. George 4 degree and St. Stanislav 3 degree.


P.V. Stanitsky, famous Petrograd architect engineer. In a battle on the South-Western Front, he died a brave death.

Ensign of the Southwestern Front

At the observation post
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  1. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 19 January 2018 06: 18 New
    21
    Dashing guys were.
    1. Vend
      Vend 19 January 2018 10: 04 New
      20
      Quote: Spartanez300
      Dashing guys were.

      Monument to the heroes must be put.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 19 January 2018 06: 41 New
    27
    What wonderful people, real heroes!
    And they managed to protect the Fatherland from the invaders.
  3. Moore
    Moore 19 January 2018 06: 51 New
    18
    Warrant officers - company employees, warrant officers - battalion commanders ... beaten officers.
    1. bistrov.
      bistrov. 19 January 2018 08: 49 New
      +9
      Quote: Moore
      Warrant officers - company

      So platoons in the Russian army were commanded by non-commissioned officers.
      1. soldier
        soldier 19 January 2018 09: 18 New
        23
        By rank, the ensign was not even suitable as a half-company commander. At best, a junior company officer.
        And in the peacetime army, the situation looked something like this. Combat - a lieutenant colonel position (in exceptional cases, captain), commits - a captain (in exceptional cases -
        headquarters captain).
        For example, K. Popov, Lieutenant-Grenadier Lieutenant of the Erivan Regiment, was a junior officer in his company until the fall of 1914, and only heavy losses in the officers led to the fact that the lieutenant led (and then became not a commander, but a commander) company.
        1. Monarchist
          Monarchist 19 January 2018 17: 02 New
          +8
          Soldier, you quite rightly noticed that in peacetime: “battalion commander is a lieutenant colonel’s position (in exceptional cases, captain)”, then the captain is, according to the modern major?
          1. soldier
            soldier 19 January 2018 17: 58 New
            18
            You are absolutely right dear Monarchist
            The captain is then a modern major.
            Often there was a situation where the regimental commander is a colonel, and the senior officer of the regiment is also a colonel. Sometimes the regiment could be commanded by a major general. This was most often seen in the guard.
    2. captain
      captain 19 January 2018 22: 54 New
      11
      What kind of people were and are in Russia. Thanks to these, we exist. They fought not for the idea, they fought for their homeland.
    3. Weyland
      Weyland 20 January 2018 11: 26 New
      +1
      The orders, those now with us, made fun of the monkeys too:
      The lieutenant takes the company, the regiment is captain,
      Private commander of the platoon ... Yes, the service is easy to grow,
      If you serve where there are up to ten vacancies daily.
      (Kipling, "Cholera Camp")
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 19 January 2018 07: 32 New
    15
    Indeed, out of the total mass of officers produced during the First World War - about 220000 people - 108970 graduated from warrant officers' schools
    .... Free, involuntarily, the democratization of the army ...
    1. Weyland
      Weyland 20 January 2018 11: 28 New
      +1
      Quote: parusnik
      there was a democratization of the army ...

      Yes, by the end of the war, among officers, only 7% were pillar nobles. Is it any wonder that more tsarist officers fought for the Reds in Civilian than for the Whites?
      1. Lieutenant Teterin
        Lieutenant Teterin 20 January 2018 16: 28 New
        +1
        You are wrong. In the service of the Reds there were about 48 thousand officers, and of the White — 170 thousand. http://salery.livejournal.com/16066.html
  5. Portos
    Portos 19 January 2018 07: 46 New
    17
    Well, what is Putin again ...
  6. kvs207
    kvs207 19 January 2018 07: 54 New
    +1
    Heavy battery Ensign Gusak.
    ... the commander of the 1st battalion of the regiment, Lieutenant Gusak

    This moment is incomprehensible.
    1. XII Legion
      XII Legion 19 January 2018 08: 03 New
      23
      Father and son. Father is a battalion commander, son is a company commander.
      If an officer (general) was acting, he was not a commander (chief), but a commander.
      A very interesting characteristic of ensign schools is given by Boris Arefyev in the book "The Hunter". There is the chapter "Ensigns of Infantry", in which he tells about the fate of his ancestor - the son of the bookbinder Kostya Arefiev, who became an officer - ensign.
      1. soldier
        soldier 19 January 2018 09: 14 New
        20
        in which he tells about the fate of his ancestor - the son of the bookbinder worker Kostya Arefiev, who became an officer

        A striking example of the fact that the vast majority of wartime officers are working peasants
        1. XII Legion
          XII Legion 20 January 2018 19: 01 New
          15
          Definitely. And the eyewitness makes this clear.
          I recommend the book to those interested.
          The author gives the following interesting details about the arrival of candidates (mainly non-commissioned front-line soldiers) at the school of warrant officers of the South Federal Front and their inclusion in the educational process:
          [quote] Upon arrival at the place, the first thing all the lower ranks ruled in the bathhouse (it belonged to the sapper part earlier) and washed with a feeling, scraped off the trench dirt from themselves. Before the water procedures, the soldiers were tonsured; nobody opposed this — such was the order; only in July 1917, Commander-in-Chief General A.I. Denikin, by his order, allowed the junkers to wear short hairstyles.
          All the arrivals had a clean pair of linen in their duffel bags, and Kostya gladly put on it.
          Then there was lunch in the dining room, however, it was no different from the hot food that was prepared in the soldiers' kitchen; but they all settled down at long, clean tables, laden with simple cutlery.
          After lunch we went to the barracks. Iron beds with mattresses and pillows - these are the simplest attributes of civilization - for soldiers who had been in the trenches for many months and even years, sleeping and eating wherever they needed, and mostly in dugouts, random shelters, in dilapidated village houses and just in the trenches - seemed riding bliss. Thin gray blankets, pillowcases, sheets were immediately given out to the cadets from the warehouse without delay.
          The front-line workers were given three days to rest and prepare for the tests (exams), which were then held by teachers of the Kiev gymnasium ...
          Arriving from the reserve battalions for admission to the school passed the exams at the training team, after passing drill training. They did not have to participate in trials of arrival in Kiev, but there were a minority of them ...
          ...
          Young men in soldier’s uniform, all with military awards in the rank of non-commissioned officers and corporal, some of which had a shoulder strap on the shoulder of a hunter or volunteer, suited the examiners as sons. Teachers in strict uniforms, seeing front-line soldiers in front of them, allowed them some liberties that would not allow their high school students. When checking introductory work, they approached their assessment with understandable condescension. In a word, two days later, an order was read out for admission by cadets to the School of Ensigns of all lower ranks seconded from the 7th Army. Then they were given the cadets shoulder straps, on which Kostya, like his comrades, affixed, according to the rank, new non-commissioned officers' badges, stocked up in advance instead of the old ones worn out, and also painted the number of the school of infantry officers: “3”.
          ...
          According to the "Regulations on schools for training infantry officers of the infantry", the school’s officers included commanders of companies and half-companies, four course officers and twelve teachers. The latter were distributed as follows: two for reading the shooting course, two for theoretical and practical training in tactics, respectively, two teachers each for teaching topography and fortification. One teacher was provided for artillery courses, communications services and law. Teachers were invited to attend classes in ensign schools from among the officers of the cadet corps and military schools, and by the end of 1916 - early 1917, most of them were sent to schools and ensigns after injuries, so some of the teaching officers continued to be treated on an outpatient basis. Therefore, it was not surprising to encounter lieutenants and captains with a bandaged hand or cane on which they rested in their classes on one or another of the above-mentioned subjects. ”/ Quote]
  7. Dzmicer
    Dzmicer 19 January 2018 08: 13 New
    21
    What kind of relatives look at you from photographs attached both to this note and to others by the authorship of Mr. Oleinikov - I want to hug, kiss and cry everyone. From these photos it blows ... home, or something. Homeland.
  8. Lieutenant Teterin
    Lieutenant Teterin 19 January 2018 09: 01 New
    25
    Great article! The wartime officers of the Great War are the flesh of the flesh of our people, perhaps the best, most active and conscious people of their time. These are real heroes, whose feat was undeservedly and criminally forgotten. A selection of photographs — just wonderful, in the photo — their, native, Russian faces. Faces of free, honest, strong-willed people full of inner dignity.
    To the author, my heartfelt gratitude and bow to the earth for the work done and the returned memory of Russian heroes!
  9. soldier
    soldier 19 January 2018 09: 31 New
    22
    A. Svechin wrote, speaking of the second half of the war: "... the main mass of military commanders ... were ensigns ... The losses of young ensigns who had just arrived, unfamiliar with the conditions of the battlefield were extremely great ... their mass perishes the first battle. "
    But those who passed through the crucible of the first battles became excellent commanders.
    Probably the most striking examples are A.M. Vasilevsky (who did not graduate from the ensign school, but the ensign courses of the Alekseevsky military school) and commanded a battalion in 1916, and F.I. Tolbukhin (graduated from the ensign school) and commanded a company and battalion.
  10. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote 19 January 2018 12: 16 New
    16
    Warrant Officer - sounds proudly))
    And it looks - beautiful))
    Especially with officer stars. Offended at a later time - relegated from officers to overtime)))
    Fine good
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 19 January 2018 17: 39 New
      +8
      Kampotovich (forgive me for such a liberty, but like this: it sounds beautiful), before the revolution in the Russian army there was such a saying: "a chicken is not a bird, and a warrant officer is not an officer."
      When the ensign was introduced, my father and many men did not understand: what the hell out of a foreman to make some kind of half-officer?
      1. Some kind of compote
        Some kind of compote 19 January 2018 18: 03 New
        16
        Yes, for sure - it sounds prettier))
        Saying - yes, that was the case.
        Especially chic title "Senior Warrant Officer"
        1. Some kind of compote
          Some kind of compote 19 January 2018 19: 00 New
          16
          Moreover, this title does not seem to have an analogy
          If the Soviet "ensign" is comparable to the pre-revolutionary "ensign"
          That senior ensign is unique))
          1. Gopnik
            Gopnik 19 January 2018 23: 02 New
            +8
            In the USSR there was some kind of absolutely ridiculous construction for the RIA "comrade officers and ensigns." In RIA ensign (cornet) to t.v.pol. 19th century full-fledged officer rank. Later, the first rank of a military officer was a junior lieutenant in Soviet realities.
            1. Nukesmoke
              Nukesmoke 20 January 2018 16: 18 New
              0
              From what. A completely normal design is a tribute to professional soldiers.
  11. Monarchist
    Monarchist 19 January 2018 17: 15 New
    11
    As a child, I had to talk with an old man, a participant in the WWI, and I was still stupid and represented the war from the pictures in Crocodile (we had a number and there are front-line cartoons of Kukryniksy). He said that in the first place, smart and brave commanders die in the war, but I did not understand this.
    Now we can confidently tell the story: in the Russian army there were traditionally a BOLD OFFICER HOUSING
  12. azkolt
    azkolt 19 January 2018 20: 52 New
    14
    Thank you Alexey Vladimirovich! I like your books especially on PM and civil wars
  13. shuravi
    shuravi 19 January 2018 21: 04 New
    +3
    Do you like ensigns? Well, hold on to real events.

    Do not tear the step-gas lever,
    I need to sit here even die
    Very mean, infection
    Strip in Puli Khumri.

    Among the stones are debris
    Lucky, so lucky
    He sat down by mistake
    Here is an Afghan plane.

    Helipad,
    Here are the brothers come true,
    Everything in the metal is clean, smooth,
    Yes, dust lurks around.

    Here without further ado,
    Stay in line with the axial,
    Slightly shifted left-right,
    It covers with the head.

    And with whom will we ask that case?
    Whose fault and fault?
    The lone "Eight"
    Caught a veil.

    If it happened, yes it happened,
    All analyzes for later
    Here is the car tilted
    And the planet hits the screw.

    Tongues from under the hoods,
    A fire breaks through
    And one of the pilots,
    The armor plate pressed to the glass.

    Fate has its hands
    And rock made his choice
    Yes, I was able to pull out of the ambush,
    Friend, on-board technician.

    Through the blister from the cab,
    I managed to push him out
    Then a flash of kerosene,
    And in that flash he himself burned out.

    I entered into a dispute with fate itself,
    Breaking her mouth
    Having paid with his head
    He was a simple ensign.

    Do not tear the step-gas lever,
    I need to sit here even die
    Very mean, infection
    Strip in Puli Khumri.
  14. Nukesmoke
    Nukesmoke 20 January 2018 16: 16 New
    +1
    Do you know what has always been amazing? That warrant officers command companies, and battalions - warrants. Are you really sorry for a couple of extra stars for epaulettes, in recognition of merit?
  15. Monarchist
    Monarchist 20 January 2018 17: 28 New
    +5
    Quote: Weyland
    Quote: parusnik
    there was a democratization of the army ...

    Yes, by the end of the war, among officers, only 7% were pillar nobles. Is it any wonder that more tsarist officers fought for the Reds in Civilian than for the Whites?

    Denikin in his book: “The Way of a Russian Officer” writes that the bulk of the officer corps nickname were representatives of “labor intelligentsia”. The father of Denikin himself, a serf, rose to the rank of major. I know an even more remarkable biography: Ass as a teenager entered the Cossack regiment alive and rose to the rank of lieutenant general, and this was in the reign of Nicholas 1 "palkin". Were
    1. Blue cop
      Blue cop 20 January 2018 18: 13 New
      16
      And he is right.
      Up to the rank of captain, the officer, getting married, barely made ends meet.
      It was then from them that propaganda made the "landlords - gold miners."
      There was a whole category of generals like A.I. Denikin - from the "simple", the children of officers (officials), who have served the rank and file. These included Alekseev, Ivanov, Kornilov, and others.
      But there were also generals whose parents were not even officers who had served from the lower ranks, but directly the lower ranks.
      Let me give you an interesting excerpt from Zhebrovsky's “Generals - Soldiers' Children" about three such generals - the sons of lower ranks.
      “Major General Mikhail Ivanovich Shishkin was one of the first to prove himself. He was born in 1863 in the family of the sergeant major, graduated from the Simbirsk military gymnasium and the 2nd military school of Konstantinovsky, served in Turkestan for more than 20 years. He received the Order of St. John the Second Lieutenant Anne of the 4th degree for the distinction during the occupation of the Merv oasis in 1885. During the Russo-Japanese War, Colonel Shishkin commanded the 287th Infantry Regiment of Tarus and deserved, among other awards, a golden weapon with the inscription "For Courage." Produced on October 6 1910 as a major general, he received in command of the 2nd Brigade of the 24th Infantry Division, which he led to the front of the World War.
      In heavy battles near Warsaw and Lodz, parts of General Shishkin, being part of the 9st Army Corps, showed amazing stamina. In the midst of the battle of Lodz, on November 1914, 22, when the corps covered from the flanks and shot through to cover the approaches to the city, the head of the 4nd Infantry Division was out of order. The corps commander instructed General Shishkin to immediately take command of the division, covering the most dangerous area. Ultimately, all enemy attacks were repulsed, and the operation ended in victory for our troops. For differences in command of the brigade, Mikhail Ivanovich Shishkin was awarded the Order of St. George, 11th class (March 1915, 11). In the post of division commander, he was confirmed on December 1914, 1915. In the summer of XNUMX, the production of the rank of lieutenant general followed.
      General Shishkin commanded the 22nd Division until the fall of 1916, having passed with her the Great Retreat of 1915 and the bloody battles on Lake. Naroch and p. Stohod in the spring and summer of 1916. After a short stay in the reserve of ranks at the headquarters of the Kiev (October 29 - November 22, 1916) and Petrogradsky (November 22, 1916 - January 22, 1917) military districts, he received the 14th Siberian rifle division on the Northern Front. The Guchkov purges did not affect the general’s career, but after Kornilov’s speech, when the last loyal generals were removed from the army, Mikhail Ivanovich Shishkin was forced to resign (September 10, 1917). The day before the October coup, he was fired.
      The last days of January 1915 brought glory to Vasily Nikolaevich Bratanov. He was born in 1862 in the family of a retired non-commissioned officer; he was educated at the 3rd St. Petersburg Military Gymnasium, the 2nd Military Konstantinovsky School and the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff. Before the outbreak of World War I, his career proceeded smoothly, but also without much brilliance. For more than five years, Bratanov commanded the 178th Venden Infantry Regiment, after which on July 14, 1910 he was promoted to major general and appointed chief of staff of the XNUMXrd Siberian Army Corps.
      At the end of August 1914, the corps arrived at the front and from the very first battle proved to be the best, thanks to the high quality of the troops, well-selected command staff and the coordinated work of the headquarters. Great was the merit in this and Vasily Nikolaevich Bratanov. He especially distinguished himself during the August battle of the 10th army in late January - early February 1915. For several days, the general’s detachment, pulled from different parts, restrained the onslaught of one and a half German corps. Having repulsed all the enemy’s attacks, skillfully avoiding attempts to evade, General Bratanov saved the army from complete encirclement and death. After the battle ended, he took command of the 7th Siberian Rifle Division (April 25, 1915).
      For military distinctions in the post of chief of staff of the corps, Vasily Nikolayevich Bratanov was awarded the Order of St. George of the 4th degree (May 21, 1915) and promoted to lieutenant general. Bratanov had a chance to show steadfastness once again in August-September 1915, when the stubborn defense of his units as part of the 31rd Siberian Corps contributed in many respects to the successful elimination of the Sventsian breakthrough. On March 1916, XNUMX, General Bratanov was awarded the St. George's Arms.
      The February Revolution crushed the career of an outstanding military commander. On April 6, 1917, Lieutenant General Bratanov, “due to the circumstances of the current time”, was credited to the reserve of ranks at the headquarters of the Minsk Military District, where he stayed until the end of the year. He did not return to active combat service, having left on vacation "until his dismissal."
      Undoubtedly, one of the most prominent Russian military leaders in the First World War was Konstantin Lukich Gilchevsky. A native of Erivan province, the son of a simple non-commissioned officer, he spent his entire service until 1914 in the Caucasus. At 15, Gilchevsky entered voluntarily in the Caucasian Field Engineering Park. After six years of service as an ordinary, during the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. for the difference in the capture of Kars, he received the first officer rank of ensign {12}. At the end of the war, Konstantin Gilchevsky passed the officer exam at the Tiflis Infantry Junker School, after which he "pulled the strap" for another nine years. In 1890, he successfully, on the 1st rank, graduated from the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff. In the years 1893-1900. Gilchevsky served in the headquarters of the Caucasian Military District, in 1905-1908. already in the rank of colonel, he commanded the 16th Grenadier Mingrel Regiment. September 3, 1908 he was promoted to major general.
      By the summer of 1914, Konstantin Lukich Gilchevsky was the commander of the 1st brigade of the Caucasian Grenadier Division. With the outbreak of World War I, he was given the post of commander of the 83rd Infantry Division deployed during mobilization. In the new field, the general had first to show his organizational skills - from the "raw" unit, lacking everything, from officers to machine guns, in a short time Gilchevsky managed to create a good combat division. Already in the first battles at the end of August 1914 in Galicia, the 83rd Division showed steadfastness and tenacity, dropping the Austro-Hungarian units after a five-day battle.
      The most striking case of General Gilchevsky in the 1914 campaign was the crossing of the Vistula. A.A. Svechin, who at that time served in the headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, recalled: “the 83rd division was entrusted with the desperate task of making a demonstrative crossing across the Vistula in order to facilitate its serious crossing north in the area of ​​Ivangorod ... I remember how surprised at Stavka when received a telegram saying that the 83rd division, without pontoons, without heavy artillery, crossed the Vistula, shot down the Austrians and stayed on the opposite bank. " Unfortunately, at that time the issue of Gilchevsky’s deduction to the ranks reserve was already resolved. Acting in Galicia, his division participated in the pogrom of Ulanuva and completely burned the city, which caused the general to be removed from office.
      About six months (November 9, 1914 - March 25, 1915) Gilchevsky was in the reserve of ranks at the headquarters of the Kiev military district, after which he was appointed head of the 1st militia division, operating on the South-Western Front as part of the XXXII Army Corps . The division was just formed from militia squads, the fighting efficiency of which was very doubtful, and the discipline left much to be desired. And with these parts Gilchevsky soon began to work miracles. Here is what the corps commander, Lieutenant General I.I., wrote about his next victory. Fedotov: "On May 28 - June 5 [Gilchevsky] personally guided the actions of his division under heavy fire, he first successfully removed it from a dangerous position ... and then, promptly, without waiting for orders, the transition to the offensive discarded the superior enemy forces that were significantly advanced forward ... for our state border. " For military distinctions in the 1915 campaign, Konstantin Lukich Gilchevsky was awarded the St. George Arms (May 15, 1916) and promoted to the rank of lieutenant general (July 12, 1916).
      The general talent of General Gilchevsky was most clearly revealed during the famous Brusilovsky offensive. From May 22 to July 15, 1916, his 101st Infantry Division gave nine battles, broke through enemy positions seven times, four of them with preliminary crossing of marshy rivers, moving forward a total of more than 40 kilometers. Her trophies were more than 22 thousand prisoners with 16 guns. The award to the head of the “miracle division” was the Order of St. George of the 4th degree (October 21, 1916), presentation to the Order of St. George of the 3rd degree and nomination as a candidate for the post of commander of the corps. After the February Revolution, on April 6, 1917, Lieutenant General Gilchevsky was appointed commander of the XNUMXth Army Corps, at the head of which he remained until the end of the war. "
  16. Head Physician
    Head Physician 21 January 2018 22: 36 New
    15
    The guys had honor
    To death like a wedding
  17. Shatunov Andrey Viktorovich
    Shatunov Andrey Viktorovich 2 October 2019 15: 55 New
    0
    In the journal of military operations of the 5th page of the regiment for May 23, 1916, the ensign Voznesensky is listed. But among the awarded it is not.
  18. Shatunov Andrey Viktorovich
    Shatunov Andrey Viktorovich 2 October 2019 15: 58 New
    0
    Voskresensky, Vladimir Konstantinovich
  19. The comment was deleted.