Military Review

US report: Russia plays a dominant role in the economy of Bulgaria


Russia has a serious influence on the politics, business and energy sector of Bulgaria, even despite the country's membership in the EU and NATO, alleged in a report compiled by staff of the US Senate Committee on International AffairsThis was the first large-scale study of the strategy and tactics used by the Kremlin in the past two decades to intervene in political processes in Europe and the USA.

“Russia influences Bulgaria through its dominant role in the country's economy, mainly in the energy sector, as well as through propaganda, relations with political parties, cultural events and strongly influences the Bulgarian army, which continues to rely on Soviet-time equipment,” in the report.

“Sustainable historical relations between Bulgaria and Russia make the country unique among other EU and NATO countries, and requires constant vigilance regarding the effects of Russian influence in the country. ”

The 200 document with the title “Putin’s Asymmetric Attack on Democracy in Russia and Europe: Implications for US National Security” was prepared on the initiative of Democratic Senator Ben Cardin. Introducing the report, Senator stated that “while President Trump is practically inactive, Mr. Putin continues to improve his asymmetrical arsenal and look for opportunities to undermine the democratic and international institutions created by the United States and Europe over the past 70 years.”

The report emphasizes that Moscow influences Bulgaria with the help of soft power and energy dependence.

The Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) continues to maintain good relations with Moscow, and its chairman Cornelia Ninova constantly calls for the lifting of European sanctions against Russia, the report says. The Attack Party continuously calls for rapprochement with Russia and opposes Bulgaria’s membership in the EU and NATO. Its leader, Volen Siderov, began the election campaign of 2014 of the year in Moscow, the report says.

The document also notes that the government of Boyko Borisov declares the implementation of the EU and NATO engagements.

“As long as the history of Bulgarian-Russian relations is based on liberation from the Ottoman yoke, Moscow’s modern methods of influence will focus on soft power, energy, political and cultural influence,” the report emphasizes.

The document also cites research data from the non-governmental organization GLOBSEC, according to which around 70% of Bulgarians have a positive attitude towards Vladimir Putin, which is the highest rating among all EU countries.

The report notes that Bulgaria is almost completely dependent on Russian oil and gas. The country is counting on supplies from Russia of fuel for the Kozloduy NPP, which produces 35% of electricity in Bulgaria.

In one of the poorest countries in Europe, whose population is aging, social factors play a huge role in the success of the Russian campaigns in Bulgaria.

With the help of the Russkiy Mir Foundation, the Russian government supports organizations that “in partnership with the Russian Orthodox Church popularize the Russian language and Russian culture.” There are six such centers in Bulgaria, the report says.

Russia used the 2016 presidential election of the year to influence Bulgarian politics. During the election campaign, the then director of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies, Leonid Reshetnikov, visited Bulgaria, where he met with Cornelia Ninova, recalled in the report and mentioned the presence of an alleged strategic document that helped the presidential election to win the election of the BSP candidate. However, becoming President Rumen Radev does not cease to declare support for the country's membership in the EU and NATO, the report stresses.

The Kremlin continues to interfere in the internal affairs of Bulgaria after the presidential elections. More than 300 Bulgarian sites spread pro-Russian propaganda before the parliamentary elections of the year 2017. Kremlin-sponsored trolls also play a significant role in enhancing Russian influence in Bulgaria.

Nevertheless, the country continues to actively participate in NATO missions, the report stresses. However, outdated military equipment, on whose support Bulgaria relies mainly on Russia, makes it difficult to fully fulfill the country's duties.

The Bulgarian government should urgently reduce its dependence on Russian weapons "in the light of the Law on Countering America's Opponents through Sanctions," the report says. This law gives the right to impose sanctions on countries closely cooperating with Russia in the defense and energy sectors.

The report contains more 30 recommendations, which, according to Senator Ben Cardin, should be immediately implemented by the White House.

Among them is the creation by the US president of an interdepartmental center that would take over the coordination of politics and the elaboration of a response to the actions of the Kremlin. The United States must also expand the assistance provided to its allies in Europe and to those countries that are not yet capable of independently resisting Russian financial, energy and information aggression. A model for creating a new international coalition could be the principles according to which the Global Coalition against the “Islamic State” was formed.

One of the most effective tools by the authors of the study is disclosure of information about corruption in Russia.

"The US Treasury must make public any intelligence on the corruption and personal condition of Mr. Putin hiding abroad, and take steps, together with our European allies, to cut Mr. Putin and members of his inner circle from access to global financial system, ”the document says.
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 13 January 2018 08: 45
    To listen, read these mericatos - and it becomes clear, without Russia, ANYWHERE !!! She is omnipotent and omnipresent!
    1. Thracian warrior
      Thracian warrior 13 January 2018 13: 15
      Pnd @ chuyka himself, with Bulgaria as an enemy of Russia, things went wrong. laughing
      1. antivirus
        antivirus 15 January 2018 20: 59
        you can buy the whole village \ household instead of from Mexico + no-charge weapons + your own "cheap" gas-oil (cheaper than the KSA and the Russian Federation) + free from the Turks (there will still be a case by 2060)
        the commission worked out its money
  2. San Sanych
    San Sanych 13 January 2018 09: 31
    The United States is still those "helpers", they will give a nickel for so, but then they will tear off the ruble)
  3. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 13 January 2018 10: 19
    Here I am curious. You can relate to GDP as you like, but only in stupidity is he not noticed. And how should you be an idiot so that, having a huge country subordinate, keep some funds "abroad"? Risk ALL for what? After all, it’s impossible to take advantage of such means anyway ... People building such theories are based on their own, thieves' psychology. And they are not aware that there is another ...
    1. Evdokim
      Evdokim 13 January 2018 17: 11
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      And how should you be an idiot so that, having a huge country subordinate, keep some funds "abroad"?

      Not so much an idiot as a paranoid, d @ beat bl ..... hi
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 13 January 2018 10: 31
    Judging by this report, the Americans are "outside observers" ..
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 15 January 2018 21: 00
      they are always for freedom .. and against all bad
  5. parathyron
    parathyron 13 January 2018 12: 23
    “resist Russian financial, energy and information aggression” And all their actions are a boon to humanity, but they themselves are a symbol of all good and progressive. When will the countries understand this primitive wiring that covers their predatory plans ?!
    1. The Grubby
      The Grubby 13 January 2018 18: 21
      Quote: parathyron
      When will the countries understand this primitive wiring that covers their predatory plans ?!

      Meanwhile, Israel is at the same time with the United States in their bloody adventures in the Middle East.
  6. shinobi
    shinobi 13 January 2018 19: 14
    He smiled! The report for the senator is just the cry of pain. "Save yourself! The Russians are coming!"
  7. tosha.chuhontzev
    tosha.chuhontzev 17 January 2018 14: 04
    Now I have no doubt that schizophrenia is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets. Political schizophrenia will destroy the Americans, not beer!
  8. alatanas
    alatanas 17 January 2018 21: 20
    "The hat is on the thief." We have been living here for more than 1300 years, about 1100 years and more, as Orthodox. The first Slavic books were written here. Relations with the Russians also date back over 1000 years. If the Americans expect that we will immediately shut up with the Protestants and beat shamanistic tambourines - it will not work! What kind of cones?
    They in Bulgaria totally push the media, the government and intervene wherever they can.
  9. pytar
    22 January 2018 23: 02
    Quote: alatanas
    They in Bulgaria totally push the media, the government and intervene wherever they can.

    Nevertheless, the mattresses did not achieve anything. In vain spent so much money and effort. The Bulgarians remain the Russophile people themselves in the EU. This is according to opinion polls. western social agencies!