Military Review

205 years ago signed a manifesto on the end of World War II

32
205 years ago - January 6 1813 of the year (December 1812 Art. Art.) Back Russian Emperor Alexander I issued the Supreme manifesto on the end of World War II. On the same day, the autocrat ordered to start in Moscow the construction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in honor of the victory of the Russian people over the Napoleonic invaders.


The outcome of the Patriotic War 1812 of the year - the almost complete destruction of the army of Napoleon Bonaparte, which included armed forces of Italy, Switzerland, the Rhine Union, the Duchy of Warsaw, the kingdom of Prussia, the Austrian Empire.

The so-called Great Army (Napoleon’s army) suffered unbelievable losses for those times: more than 550 thousands of dead, wounded, and prisoners. This is despite the fact that by the time the war began against Russia, the Napoleonic armada had a population of about 600 thousand people. Napoleon's desire for world domination was undermined by Russian resistance, which resulted in the subsequent entry of the Russian army in Paris.

205 years ago signed a manifesto on the end of World War II

Painting of the artist V.Vereshchagin "ON A LARGE ROAD - DEPRECIATION, ESCAPE"


The 1812 war of the year left a heavy economic and demographic legacy of Russia itself. 12 provinces were virtually completely ravaged by the French, dozens of Russian cities were burned, including Moscow for obvious reasons. The military losses of the Russian army amounted to about 280 thousand people killed and wounded. Until now, historians can not provide more or less accurate data on the victims of French aggression among the civilian population of Russia.

Returning to the publication of the Great Manifesto, it should be noted that the Russian Emperor Alexander I ordered to celebrate the day of victory over the army of Napoleon on the day of Christmas. Over time, this tradition has been lost.
Photos used:
Wikipedia
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  1. Stranger03
    Stranger03 6 January 2018 12: 02
    +8
    They took Paris, they took Berlin, which only in Europe they didn’t take, it remains to go to London and there will be a complete package,
    1. Herculesic
      Herculesic 6 January 2018 12: 09
      +3
      We have to see, we even or our children and grandchildren walk the roads of our great-great-grandfathers! Also, with weapons in hand, and wash boots or boots in the Rhine and Thames!
      1. Stranger03
        Stranger03 6 January 2018 12: 11
        +6
        God forbid, grandfathers and fathers said "a better bad world than a good war."
        1. Going
          Going 6 January 2018 13: 06
          +4
          We do not want war, but if they force us, then let them not be offended.
      2. Looking Petrovich
        Looking Petrovich 6 January 2018 12: 18
        12
        Just be more careful when you get up from the sofa when you go to free Europe, otherwise the Snickers will fall out of your mouth.
    2. Shura Perm
      Shura Perm 6 January 2018 12: 10
      +1
      Fascinatington left to take Jerusalem at the same time
    3. pvv113
      pvv113 6 January 2018 12: 30
      +9
      London can not be taken. Khrushchev promised the British that if they twitch, they will live under water wink
      1. Going
        Going 6 January 2018 13: 09
        +2
        Greetings Vladimir! hi Khrushchev was a little mistaken and they won’t find a place under water, but we don’t want a war, we want to live as we understand and let them not crawl over to us.
        1. pvv113
          pvv113 6 January 2018 13: 27
          +4
          Victor, good day! Merry Christmas!
          We want to live in peace, but
    4. RASKAT
      RASKAT 6 January 2018 12: 45
      +1
      I recently came across an excellent lecture on the beginning of this war, Not even so much on the beginning as on its prologue about the 1805 war. I advise you to look very informative.
    5. S.V.YU
      S.V.YU 6 January 2018 18: 52
      0
      And all, the trouble, because, because it was not possible to take London !!!
    6. demo
      demo 7 January 2018 10: 48
      +1
      London was "taken" by our inmates and refugees from the "bloody Putin and his regime." Berezovsky, Pugachev, Chichvarkin. Do not count the numbers.
    7. Sands Careers General
      Sands Careers General 7 January 2018 13: 09
      +3
      The soldiers were hoppy, the tear was rolling,
      played a trophy saxophone,
      and glowed on his chest
      Medal for the city of Washington.
  2. flicker
    flicker 6 January 2018 12: 10
    +3
    It’s necessary to remind Macron ... if he certainly knows who Napoleon is
    1. Stranger03
      Stranger03 6 January 2018 12: 12
      +4
      He is small, does not remember already. I suppose he thinks that Napoleon still took Russia, but he left, winter, there weren’t enough felt boots, wassat
    2. aszzz888
      aszzz888 6 January 2018 12: 15
      0
      flicker Today, 12:10 New
      Macron must be reminded

      ... yes, he himself is going to Moscow in January ... the mericatos are already fed up with him, he will upholster the thresholds in the Kremlin ... or maybe ours will be accepted at the dacha too - not a big shot ... bully
      1. flicker
        flicker 6 January 2018 15: 55
        +2
        Yeah, then he will say to the mattresses that "not for profit, but only by the will of the wife who sent me ..."
  3. Herculesic
    Herculesic 6 January 2018 12: 12
    +1
    In honor of Napoleon, we needed to bring out and name a new species of frogs! wassat And export to France the meat of the “marsh greens”! wassat
  4. Egorovich
    Egorovich 6 January 2018 12: 18
    +5
    Centuries have passed, and the enemies of Russia are the same. And most importantly, history does not teach anyone, again all this unfinished shobla, continues to grind its rotten teeth.
  5. Gormenghast
    Gormenghast 6 January 2018 12: 22
    +4
    This was not the first nesun of European values ​​to Russia.
    1. dvina71
      dvina71 6 January 2018 13: 11
      +2
      Quote: Gormengast
      This was not the first nesun of European values ​​to Russia.

      Come on? And what did the crusaders carry? And in times of turmoil?
  6. parathyron
    parathyron 6 January 2018 12: 30
    +3
    All the time we are carried away by alien and alien worldviews and ideologies, imitate other nations, and then we receive sensitive admonition and healing from God. Just as the Old Testament Israel, whenever it mixed with other nations and was carried away by paganism, was captured by them until it repents and returns to one God, so are we. At first, the Poles, then the French, Germans, were fascinated by everyone, then they suffered from all and defeated everyone. The end of the past and the beginning of this century is the Anglo-American pseudo-culture and false values. Conclusion: the next stage as a logical conclusion - the Russian flag on the Pentagon)))
    PS. I'm not me and the flag is not mine))
  7. serge siberian
    serge siberian 6 January 2018 13: 26
    0
    Well, we recall the "enlightened and washed Euvprop", but without aspiration. However, history does not teach them anything. Yes, and with gratitude the undercut bourgeois have a bad time, or rather they never had it (conscience)! soldier hi
  8. ODERVIT
    ODERVIT 6 January 2018 13: 41
    +3
    It's a shame that pseudo researchers appear, casting doubt on all the exploits of the Russian people in all wars. And that battle was not and that lost. It's disgusting.
  9. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 6 January 2018 13: 45
    +4
    For those interested in the topic. The manifesto was called - "On bringing thanksgiving to the Lord God for the liberation of Russia from the invasion of the enemy." About the Patriotic (with a capital letter) war was not yet spoken. The phrase "patriotic war" was encountered when it was not a question of a war going on abroad. That is, the “native” here is not a patriotic, but a geographical sense. What was happening on the territory of Russia, and what was happening abroad. Patriotic war in a high sense of the word, with a capital letter, appears in the works of Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky, a famous historian who wrote his “History of the 1812 War of the Year” by the highest order.
    With this we can fully agree. And in general, such understanding and naming of certain events sometimes occurs spontaneously, from below, and sometimes from above. In this case, it seems to me that here it was such a product of intellectual activity - this does not cancel the national character of the war, and the fact that it was domestic. Especially since after the release of Leo Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace with his “club of people's war” this is fixed in the minds of Russians forever. In particular, the centenary of the war contributed to further consolidation with a colossal number of books, articles, whatever, a seven-volume book "Patriotic War and Russian Society", which, by the way, was soberly written. It was a national holiday, and the Patriotic War of the year 1812 was built into the gem of Russian history. What he really was, of course. I repeat once again that it is not enough that an event occurs, it is important that this event be assessed and institutionalized in historical memory. (Doctor of Historical Sciences Oleg Vitalyevich Budnitsky).
    Beyond that, the definition of “Patriotic War”, for obvious reasons, was forgotten for many years and returned only in the 1937 year and also “by the highest order”.
    1. Operator
      Operator 6 January 2018 13: 49
      +1
      The term "Patriotic War" / "Second World War" was used in the Russian Empire in 1914-1917.
      1. A. Privalov
        A. Privalov 6 January 2018 13: 56
        +1
        Quote: Operator
        The term "Patriotic War" / "Second World War" was used in the Russian Empire in 1914-1917.

        Exactly. Beyond that, on 20 years came out of wide use.
  10. Mwg
    Mwg 6 January 2018 14: 33
    0
    Yeah, and given the presence of medals in honor of this war with the images on them of both Napoleon and Alexander, the presence of medals from the French for the capture of Bashkiria, a unique coincidence in the form of Russian and French soldiers, an inexplicable indication in the ranks of senior Russian officers about their attitude to the French and Prussian troops - the war was really Patriotic. Only, in my opinion, the concept of Fatherland applied to all of Europe, including Muscovy
  11. osoboye_mneniye
    osoboye_mneniye 6 January 2018 14: 46
    0
    "Returning to the publication of the Great Manifesto, it should be noted that the Russian Emperor Alexander I ordered to celebrate the day of victory over the Napoleonic army on Christmas Day. Over time, this tradition was lost."

    What a joy! I myself am an unbeliever, so I was constantly perplexed that for such a holiday Christmas was imposed on the atheistic half of the population of Russia, and another quarter professing other religions.
    But it turns out that on this day it is necessary to celebrate the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812.
    This is very good) Congratulations to all!
  12. 452336
    452336 6 January 2018 14: 47
    +2
    Alexander I, a purebred German generously forgave France for indemnification and reparation. And the Russian peasant who drove the invaders from Russia and endured the main hardships and deprivations of the war received a shish with oil. No relief of serfdom ensued. Such is gratitude.
    In general, Russia has a striking "ability" to pass on the results of its great victories.
  13. Lexus
    Lexus 6 January 2018 15: 15
    +2
    There is a tradition among European masochists - to go to war with Russia.
  14. Cheldon
    Cheldon 6 January 2018 18: 06
    +1
    In those days, the concept of political or military elite was inalienable.