Military Review

The trick of a new breakthrough in Turkey: the US expects a "shake" Ankara Shifts Base South

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More than two years have passed since the tragic incident in the airspace over the northern part of the province of Latakia, where the Turkish F-16C in the passive mode of the radar made vile interception from the rear hemisphere of our Su-24M front-line bomber returning from a combat mission to destroy ISIL strongholds. During this seemingly short period of time in the Russian-Turkish relations, two sharp military-political turns happened at once, starting with a diplomatic squabble and an exchange of "sanctions strikes" and eventually ended in dialogue and a full "reset" of bilateral relations. Unfortunately, due to the need to correct the Middle Eastern situation in our favor with the same coin, the Russian WKS did not repay the Turks, but this period was more than enough for Ankara to radically change its position on issues relating to the support of hostile forces in the Syrian theater of operations (“Dzhebhat Al-Nusra "and ISIS, banned in the Russian Federation), and also realized that the process of full containment of the pro-American Kurdish YPJ / YPG detachments can only be supported through diplomatic and operational-strategic opportunities. Tyam Moscow.

A radical change in the priorities of Erdogan and his entourage towards Syria had a rather positive effect on the operation of the Aerospace Forces of Russia, the Syrian Arab Army, Tiger Forces and Hezbollah to destroy the most powerful IG enclaves in the Euphrates, while the strategy Washington on the use of assault "bones" of ISIS as a tool for combining the 55-kilometer "security zone" with the territory controlled by the SDF ended in complete failure. Thus, Ankara has achieved several serious successes at once, including the opening of an “export corridor” for the future supply of the Triumph C-400 long-range anti-aircraft missile systems, as well as the operational establishment of fire control over the northern territories of Syrian Kurdistan. However, the Turkish leaders decided not to limit themselves to the above bonuses. Last week of 2017 of the year was noted interesting newswhich, once and for all, erased the stereotype of military experts that Ankara is capable of acting solely on local operational directions, which mainly apply to the states with which Turkey has common borders.

In particular, according to the information for December 29 provided by the Military Parity publication with reference to the international television company Al Jazeera, an agreement was reached between Ankara and Khartoum on the construction of a powerful port infrastructure in the Sudan’s “coral pearl” - the city of Suakin. It is logical that this facility in the next 3-5 years will turn into the largest foreign naval base of the Turkish fleet, which will have strategic importance equivalent to the future Russian naval base in Port Sudan and the Chinese base in Djibouti. But for what reason did the country, having only a minor dispute with Greece regarding maritime borders in the Aegean Sea and a sluggish conflict with Kurdish detachments near the northern borders of Iraq and Syria, sharply raise the question of establishing control over the Red Sea? There are several answers here.

Firstly, this is a large-scale expansion of the presence of the Turkish armed forces in the Near-Asian region, which will give Ankara a lot of operational and strategic advantages in the event of an escalation of major conflicts within the Eastern Mediterranean. For example, an attempt to resolve the “Kurdish problem” in the northern part of the Syrian Arab Republic may result in an extremely unpleasant response from Washington for Turkey, expressed not only in the supply of American-made small-scale and anti-tank weapons to the “Syrian Democratic Forces” (SDF) in direct military support of the YPG / YPJ through massive rocket attacks on pro-Turkish forces operating against the Kurds in the province of Aleppo. It is worth noting that today all the prerequisites of a possible conflict between Ankara and Washington on the basis of the “Kurdish issue” have appeared. The last incident occurred on January 1 2018, when fighters of the Anti-Traitor FSA battalion of the pro-Turkish Syrian Free Army captured a Kurdish YPG soldier in the Sayad town center.

At the moment, in the province of Hasek, under the strict guidance of American military instructors, a new anti-government radical wing is being formed called the New Syrian Army, consisting of ISIS and Jebhat al-Nusra militants, who were promptly taken out of the boilers to the north- western part of the SAR and the province of Deir ez-Zor. The activities of this group will be aimed at creating an unstable operational situation on the contact line between the Kurdish and pro-government territories along the Euphrates and south of Manbij, as well as a possible attempt to break through the tactical “corridor” along the Al-Bouaz-Al-Kharab line to unite with the western SDF enclave. It is here that the most large-scale clashes between the SDF and the forces supported by Ankara can occur, where the US Navy is quite capable of using a deck Aviation and RGM-109E, operating from the eastern Mediterranean.

In this case, the naval infrastructure in the Sudanese Soakina will be an excellent basis for the formation of the A2 / AD restricted access zone and maneuver capable of establishing a full-fledged "barrier" from the US Navy strike force groups entering the Mediterranean from the Arabian Sea through the Suez Canal . Of course, no progress in fulfilling the contract with Lockheed Martin on 100 F-35A fighters is any longer necessary, but the decision to acquire Russian C-400 anti-aircraft missile systems Triumph clearly demonstrated the lack of dependence of Ankara on Western European and American defense industry The recent recognition by the Trump administration of Jerusalem as the new capital of Israel added fuel to the fire. This thoughtless step led to a completely unexpected outcome in the Middle East agenda. In the opinion of the inadmissibility of supporting the appropriation of Palestinian territory, even states with different interpretations of Islam, in particular, Iran and Turkey with the predominant Shiite and Sunni populations, respectively, united.

The second reason for the construction of the naval infrastructure in the Sudanese Soakina is undoubtedly the urgent need of the Turkish Navy in the presence of a transshipment point and a logistics center halfway between the Turkish coast and the Persian Gulf. For what? The fact is that Ankara should tightly control the situation around the conflict of Qatar with the main participants of the “Arabian coalition”, which tended to the maximum in June of 2017. Diplomatic civil strife broke out between Doha, Riyadh, Abu Dhabi, Cairo, and then some other “players” of the Arabian coalition after Qatar’s accusations from the CA and the UAE sponsoring ISIL, as well as other terrorist groups operating in Front and Central Asia. Then a quite adequate question may arise: where is Turkey and where is Qatar; What is a geostrategic link between these states, and why does Ankara have stability in this area?

The key point here is that Qatar is currently considered by Turkey as the main reserve supplier of liquefied natural gas in case LNG imports from the United States and the Russian Federation become impossible (after all, support of the FSA group hostile to the Syrian government and the fight against the SDF may eventually lead Ankara to a new diplomatic conflict). It is for this simple reason that the Turkish leadership is monitoring the situation in the Persian Gulf with special care. Recall that 17 December 2015 of the year, immediately after the start of exacerbation of Russian-Turkish relations, a major “gas deal” was concluded between Turkey and Qatar, providing for regular deliveries of liquefied natural gas to Turkey in the total volume of 1200 million cubic meters. m, as reported by the Qatari ambassador Salim Myubarek. According to Anadolu, LNG imports will be made on a long-term basis. This is the whole secret of Turkey’s concerns regarding the military-political situation in the Persian Gulf and Qatar in particular.

To ensure control over the situation, starting from June 2017 of the year, the command of the Turkish Armed Forces sent to Qatar several operational groups of the Turkish military contingent with attached armored vehicles, various weapons and other equipment: by September the number of Turkish personnel increased to 111 people, and the next December 26 the group was deployed on the territory of the El-Udeid airbase, which is one of the front Asian airfields for strategic bombers B-52H and B-1B and location of the electronic reconnaissance aircraft RC-135V / W and ground target designation E-8C "JSTARS". Ankara very carefully summed up the transfer of troops to the coast of the Persian Gulf under the Turkish-Qatari defense agreement of 2014, which provides for the construction of Turkish military infrastructure at the request of the leadership of the emirate, as well as large-scale joint military exercises to increase the defense capabilities of both countries. What is even more remarkable is that any Pentagon military action in Anterior Asia in front of Asia (from supporting the Kurds in advancing through the province of Aleppo to a quite likely strategic aerospace offensive against Iran) allows the Turkish army to easily block the operation of El Udeid airbase, what will be the hardest hit on American interests in the region. Such a scenario is quite possible to consider, and already in the near future.

The extremely tough position of Turkey in relation to the destructive activities of the Pentagon in the region is manifested in almost any convenient situation. So, for example, in the statement of the Foreign Ministry of Turkey regarding anti-government protests in the Islamic Republic of Iran, which began on December 28 of December 2017, one may meet the interesting wish of the earliest "settlement of the situation and avoidance of external interference in the protests." A hint was made of direct involvement in the bloodshed and the so-called "social protests" of the American, Israeli, and possibly Arabian special services. It is quite natural that in this military-political situation, the military base in the Red Sea is needed by Turkey, literally as air and water, while the Russian naval base in Port Sudan and the Chinese in Djibouti will completely reduce the efficiency of the American fleet to zero, especially, given the agreement on the use of Egyptian airfields by Russian tactical aircraft.

Quite an important detail can be considered the fact that Khartoum does not appear in the list of “Arabian coalition” countries that broke off diplomatic relations with Doha in the summer of 2017, which means only one thing - the build-up of the Turkish group in the most scandalous emirate of the Persian Gulf will move steadily and in accordance with the plan, and on the distant approaches to the Strait of Hormuz, Turkish transport and combat surface ships, supported by the advanced naval base Suakin, will increasingly meet. Consequently, the overseas “holder” of the El-Udeid airbase will have to seriously restrain their hegemonic appetites, and Turkey’s geopolitical status will be a step closer to the level of a regional superpower.

Information sources:
http://www.interfax.ru/russia/589443
http://novayagazeta.ee/articles/1605/
https://www.vrn.kp.ru/online/news/2812627/
http://forum.militaryparitet.com/viewtopic.php?id=19103
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  1. Vard
    Vard 9 January 2018 08: 53
    +8
    This is all vital for Turkey ... any state is interested in preserving its territory ... the US does not want to understand this ... their theory of controlled chaos turns friends into enemies ...
    1. Tatar 174
      Tatar 174 11 January 2018 18: 29
      0
      Quote: Vard
      The USA does not want to understand this ...

      Many understand, but can’t do anything yet, and time goes on and things are moving toward “controlled” chaos in the USA itself. Trump will probably soon “beat” his fist on the table and screw something up .., I think for some reason and even subconsciously I want this ...
  2. shinobi
    shinobi 9 January 2018 10: 07
    16
    Until the Yankees get straight to the teeth, as in Vietnam, nothing will change. And they must snatch out specifically, with thousands of coffins and billions of losses.
  3. FLOOD
    FLOOD 9 January 2018 11: 42
    +6
    The first president of the United States, John Washington, was also the first president in the history of this country to conclude an agreement with the Ottoman governor Algeria Hassan at the end of the 18th century, according to which the United States paid Algeria compensation for captured American troops.
    At the end of the 15th century after the fall of Al-Andalus, the northern coast of Africa was attacked by Spain and Portugal, which forced local residents to seek protection from the Turkish Sultan Selim the First. Responding to the requests of co-religionists and accepting Algeria as part of the Ottoman Empire, the Sultan sent to the protection of his population selected Janissary regiments. He also allowed his subjects to go to Algeria in order to join the army of Hayreddin Barbarossa. A skilled commander and a brave warrior, Barbarossa, with the support of Istanbul, managed to lay the foundations of a strong state and organize effective protection of the coastline from the encroachment of uninvited guests. Under him, the citadel of Algeria turned into a powerful naval base of the Ottoman Empire in the western Mediterranean.
    Turkish admirals managed to recapture the Muslim lands from the Europeans on the northern coast of Africa and thereby save the local population from total destruction, as happened in Al-Andalus. Having gained dominance in the Mediterranean Sea, the Ottoman fleet became a formidable force, terrifying European invaders. Muslim warships, called "jihad ships", carried out successful raids on the coast of Spain, the islands of Sardinia and Sicily, carried out bold operations against the enemy fleet in the open sea. They also dropped anchor when it was necessary to protect merchant ships from pirate attacks.
    All attempts by Europeans to stop the attacks of Muslims have failed. Their heavy and slow ships did not keep pace with the light and maneuverable ships of the Turks.
    Military dominance in the Mediterranean gave Muslims many economic benefits. The material well-being of the inhabitants of Algeria grew rapidly, the basis of which was the cash proceeds from military campaigns, trade and taxes. A stable source of income was the amount paid by European countries for the right to unhindered navigation and trade in the Mediterranean. Thus, the United Kingdom annually paid 60 guineas to the treasury of Algeria, Denmark - 4 thousand reais, Holland - 600 guineas, Sicily - 4 thousand reais, Sardinia - 6 thousand guineas, the United States - 4 thousand riyals, the cities of Hanover and Berne - 600 English guineas . The Ottomans were also paid by Sweden, Norway, France, Portugal and Spain. All this money replenished the Algerian treasury for 3 centuries. At the end of the 18th century after the United States was freed from British dependence, ships flying the American flag began to plow the sea. The first contact of Muslims with them occurred in July 1785, when an American ship was captured by an Algerian squadron near the Syrian city of Kadesh. After which another 11 ships were hijacked and escorted to the port of Algeria.
    The United States at that time did not have a strong fleet capable of recovering the captured ships by force, which forced them to sign an agreement with the Turkish authorities on September 5, 1795, containing 22 points and drawn up in Turkish. It was the only document ever signed by the leadership of this country, which was written in non-English. In addition, it was the only treaty in US history under which the United States committed to pay a certain amount annually to a foreign country for the right to freely move their ships.
    Notwithstanding the provisions of this treaty, Turkish warships belonging to the province of Tripoli detained American ships entering the Mediterranean Sea. In response, in 1803, the United States sent a military squadron to Tripoli, which, entering the port of the city, fired at the Turkish fleet there with onboard guns.
    During the artillery firefight, the largest warship of the time, the Philadelphia, ran aground, becoming easy prey to the Turks, who captured his entire team of more than 300 people. As a ransom for American sailors, Libyan governor Yusuf Pasha demanded a ransom of $ 3 million from the United States and a subsequent annual payment of $ 20 in gold. At the same time, the governor of Tunisia, Muhammad Hammoud Pasha, demanded that the United States pay $ 10 in gold every year.
    The United States was forced to pay the indicated amounts until 1812, when the American consul contributed 62 thousand dollars in gold to the Algerian treasury.
    1. thinker
      thinker 9 January 2018 12: 31
      +3
      Just how did George Washington become John? request
  4. Nikolay73
    Nikolay73 9 January 2018 11: 42
    +7
    ... reload relationship? Yes, with allies such as Turks, enemies are no longer needed ... Erdogan's pragmatism is Turkey above all and he does not get out of this way winning preferences for the country and how truly oriental people are willing to trade with the devil himself if only it would bring him profit. The states, like Russia, get in the person of Turkey an extremely uncomfortable and unpredictable ally, with the only difference that America still has a lot of them, including in this region ... ... the Turkish card can play both to be a bat, with Gulen taught a lesson that Erdogan will never forget, I hope we will not get amnesia either.
  5. FLOOD
    FLOOD 9 January 2018 15: 04
    +2
    Quote: Nikolay73
    ... reload relationship? Yes, with allies such as Turks, enemies are no longer needed ... Erdogan's pragmatism is Turkey above all and he does not get out of this way winning preferences for the country and how truly oriental people are willing to trade with the devil himself if only it would bring him profit. The states, like Russia, get in the person of Turkey an extremely uncomfortable and unpredictable ally, with the only difference that America still has a lot of them, including in this region ... ... the Turkish card can play both to be a bat, with Gulen taught a lesson that Erdogan will never forget, I hope we will not get amnesia either.

    I can give a lot of examples when the same Russia sacrificed allies and allied relations. NOBODY and NEVER sacrifices their own interests for the sake of the prosperity of their ally, if that (ally) flourishes and progresses on the "injuries" of the opposite side. hi
  6. yuliatreb
    yuliatreb 9 January 2018 17: 06
    0
    Ankara shifts legs
  7. Natalia777
    Natalia777 9 January 2018 20: 54
    +3
    I hope that all US military bases will move directly to the West - to the United States. And there will be PEACE IN THE WHOLE WORLD.
  8. Bo Yari
    Bo Yari 10 January 2018 00: 35
    +2
    everything is sucked out of the finger. Erdogan is a corrupt scum whose money is controlled by s. that's all.
  9. Mikhail Zubkov
    Mikhail Zubkov 10 January 2018 00: 46
    +3
    The USA and NATO exposed Turkey as their Black Sea outpost against the USSR, knowing that it was its territory that would become the main battlefield in the event of a NATO war against the USSR. The Turks under Erdogan realized that this was definitely not in their interests and in the conditions of the reunification of Crimea with Russia, the outcome of the military confrontation with Russia in the Black Sea and the Caucasus was a foregone conclusion. It is reasonable that they abruptly turned to the Mediterranean Sea, as well as to the Persian Gulf. Independent Kurdistan is unacceptable to them in any form, and especially Kurdistan is pro-American and / or pro-European. Once the scarecrow was virtually pro-Soviet Kurdistan, pro-Russian is now impossible. Turkey's energy dependence makes its cooperation with Russia and Iran indispensable, adjusted for hydrocarbon imports from the Persian Gulf. Accordingly, the Turkish military bases in this region are logical and will be adopted by the population nostalgic for the times of the Ottoman Empire, which will strengthen the personal power of Sultan Erdogan. That is why the stage of cooperation between Turkey and Russia, if not eternal, can be lengthy, since it is quickly beneficial to both countries, while taking into account the interests of each other in Syria and other countries of the vast region. In any case, while Erdogan personally and Putin personally are the heads of state.
  10. Radikal
    Radikal 10 January 2018 20: 39
    0
    What the author of the article rejoices is incomprehensible! sad
  11. Seal
    Seal 11 January 2018 18: 27
    +3
    Quote: Nikolay73
    Yes, with allies such as Turks, enemies are no longer needed ...

    And what are your specific claims against Turkey?
    In the 20th century, Turkey twice rendered us tremendous help.
    For the first time in 1920, when Ataturk’s emissaries ensured an almost bloodless seizure by our 11th Army of the Baku oil fields, which were absolutely intact. I personally strongly doubt that Soviet Russia would have survived in an imperialist environment without receiving Baku oil.
    The second time in the Great Patriotic War.
    We need to be grateful to Turkey for its worthy and courageous behavior during the Second World War. Because during the entire war no Italian warship, not a single German submarine passed through the straits to the Black Sea. Despite all the pressure of Hitler and Mussolini. For operations in the Black Sea, the Germans had to deliver six obsolete small submarines of the second series (U-9, U-18, U-19, U-20, U-23 and U-24) to deliver this: In the Dresden-Ubigau region, where the Elbe the constructed motorway (Reichsautobahn) crosses, the boats were lifted onto special platforms with wide wheels that moved at a speed of 8 km / h with four successively coupled heavy tractors to Ingolstadt for about 300 kilometers. Upon arrival, the hulls were removed from the loading platforms and lowered onto barges in the Danube River. In the same way, or in approximately the same way, other warships and boats of Germany and Italy fell into the Black Sea. For the whole war, only on September 9, 1941, only the old unarmed German tugboat Seefalke passed to the Black Sea, then hoisted the auxiliary flag Kriegsmarine in the Black Sea, and in August 1941 one Italian tanker Tarvisio, also declared as commercial vessel. But the tanker pretty soon went back to the Mediterranean Sea. Please note that the Montreux Convention did not oblige Turkey to close the straits for the passage of warships even of warring countries. The Motreux Convention granted Turkey such a right. And Turkey voluntarily exercised this right. She announced that she was closing the straits for the passage of all warships during the military operations in the Black Sea. This decision was in our hands since our Black Sea Fleet from the Black Sea was not going to go anywhere. But this decision of Turkey was like a sickle in one place to the Germans and Italians. Can you imagine how much worse our situation would have been if an Italian battleship with an escort squadron — 1941-1942 cruisers and 2-3 destroyers — had appeared in the Black Sea in 5 or 6? And also at least 5 German submarines of new types? And with full domination in the air of German aviation! Yes, I don’t even want to think! For its part, Turkey showed enormous endurance not only when she stood stomping with the feet of Hitler and Mussolini, but also enormous endurance and understanding towards us. Unfortunately, our Black Sea Fleet and aircraft during the war drowned it seems 26 Turkish ships, mostly fishing. Taking them for German submarines in the water. Turks were limited to standard diplomatic notes. Most of which we did not even answer.
    1. KaPToC
      KaPToC 11 January 2018 20: 46
      0
      Quote: Seal
      Turks were limited to standard diplomatic notes. Most of which we did not even answer.

      Turkey was in the wake of French politics, and Russia - British, this explains the Russian-Turkish war. When France fought with England - then Russia and Turkey.
      1. Seal
        Seal 12 January 2018 16: 03
        +2
        You are somehow global. I took only the twentieth century.
        By the way, at the end of the 18th century, together with the Turks, we fought against the French. Famous joint campaigns of the Russian and Turkish fleets.
  12. Seal
    Seal 11 January 2018 18: 28
    0
    Quote: TUFAN
    The United States was forced to pay the indicated amounts until 1812, when the American consul contributed 62 thousand dollars in gold to the Algerian treasury.

    And for some reason, it does not occur to anyone to announce that the United States at that time was under the “Algerian yoke” and “paid tribute to Algeria”. hi