What is new and eventual in our country for 2017 year? - New and event-based, if, of course, we exclude from the list a massive offensive of spinners, tracing the course of Bitcoin, fashion for rap-battles and waiting figures, as well as the widespread claims that Russian hackers are so hacker that they can afford to turn down the volume on the TV Donald Trump along with the volume of Donald Trump himself.
One of the most important events of the year in Russia - the shores of the Crimea and the Kuban were connected by spans of the longest bridge in the Russian Federation. A significant part of the work is still ahead, but after laying the canvas of the future road spans, Crimea actually ceased to be an island with which the Ukrainian Maidan authorities, who headed the real blockade of the Crimean territories, tried to leave it. Construction of the bridge continues, and the first cars will go on this object of our transport infrastructure already in 2018.
It just so happened that 2017-th year (as, in principle, the three previous ones) turned out to be fruitful for other events one way or another connected with the relationship between Russia and Ukraine. In the autumn of 2017, the first freight trains of the Russian Railways went along the Zhuravka-Millerovo branch, bypassing Ukrainian territory. And in December, the branch with a length of about 137 km (with new stations, overpasses, security systems) has already earned almost the full amount. In total, 7 of new railway stations were commissioned: Zaitsevka (Voronezh region), Sergeevka, Sokhranovka, Kuteinikovo, Vinogradovka, Kolodezi, Bochenkovo (six - Rostov region). Ukrainian officials were quick to declare that Ukraine is not losing anything from the introduction of a new railway line by Russia. They say that Russia paid only 1 a dollar a year for transit - purely symbolically, and now the “occupying Russian trains” will not go at all on the “free Ukrainian railroad”. In general, all is well ... And this is important.
The event of the year in Russia is the nomination for the post of President Vladimir Putin. Official ... Well, you never know, some Russians might have thought ... Suddenly they would refuse to race ... And if someone decides to categorically not include the fact of Vladimir Putin’s nomination for the fourth presidential term, then there are other events options - the candidacy of Ksenia Sobchak, for example ... Or - another: the refusal to go to the election of Gennady Zyuganov in favor of another candidate - Pavel Grudinin, not a member, by the way, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. Is this an event for all of Russia? Is not a fact. And for the Communist Party - for sure.
By the events of the year can be attributed, and a unique for modern Russia court verdict against a former federal official. The ex-minister of economic development in a corruption case was sentenced to 8 years of a strict regime colony.
The uniqueness of the verdict is that never before in Russia has a government official of this level received such a sentence with a “strogach”. And now - received. However, as practice shows, ex-bureaucrats do not always serve the appointed dates "from call to call." Time will tell...
The tragic events of 2017 for Russia. There were, unfortunately, and they.
3 April an explosion in the St. Petersburg metro took 16 a total of lives. More than 90 people were injured. A greater number of victims were avoided due to the fact that Alexander Kaverin, the metro train driver, acted professionally, bringing the train-damaged train from the tunnel to the station. Helping the victims at the metro station itself was provided not only by rescuers and employees of the metro, but also by ordinary St. Petersburg people, displaying truly significant human qualities.
According to the results of the investigative actions, law enforcement agencies reported that the explosion was carried out by a suicide bomber, a native of Kyrgyzstan, who had previously acquired Russian citizenship with surprising ease. The name of the bomber was named. This is Akbarjon Jalilov. As a result of the investigation, numerous detentions were carried out, as a result of which the activity of an entire terrorist network was revealed, in which the activities of rank-and-file members were managed, including through instructions via instant messengers from abroad.
In 2017, Russia was literally overwhelmed by a wave of so-called telephone terrorism. Since September, calls that came mainly from outside Russia have reportedly reportedly mined railway stations, airports, shopping centers, schools, hospitals, sports facilities literally throughout the country. These attacks caused significant damage to the economy, which amounted to hundreds of millions of rubles. Telephone terrorists attacked Moscow, St. Petersburg, Voronezh, Khanty-Mansiysk, Omsk, Chelyabinsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and other cities. Today, special services state that it is extremely difficult to resist telephone terrorists. The most effective method is coordination of actions with special structures of other states. However, the special services of foreign countries do not always go to such contact. Allegedly, the US special structures went ahead, warning the Russian colleagues about a series of upcoming terrorist attacks in the northern capital of Russia. The provision of such information to Russia was credited for the United States President Donald Trump.
It has become a real moveon to say something positive about the Russian economy in recent years, and about the Russian economy in general. Topics that we ourselves often raise on the pages of “Military Review” relate to the multibillion-dollar outflow of capital abroad, more than a significant share of the shadow economy, unresolved problems in the fight against corruption, sluggish measures of the government for efforts aimed at a digestible, for such a state as Russia, the economic growth.
However, it would be strange, summing up the economic results of the outgoing year in Russia, to speak exclusively of negative. Strange for the reason that our common goal is not to pour out endless tubs of mud on everything related to the country's financial and economic system, but to objectively represent the changes that are occurring in Russia. There are no changes - we say, there are changes for the worse - we speak, as we say, and then when it comes to changes for the better - of course, if there is a reason. In general, we try to be closer to objectivity. As far as the “Military Review” is concerned, in terms of the presentation of the economic situation in the Russian Federation it turns out - to judge you, our dear readers, and “VO” appreciates and respects it. And it would be desirable that not only we, representatives of the editorial staff and the team of authors of our modest mass media, respect your assessments of the situation in the country, but also people who are connected with the management of the economic machine.
So, let's talk "for the economy" in 2017. Official, of course, data.
Government reporting at the end of the year says that GDP of the Russian Federation moved to growth after several years of decline. The growth curve, to put it mildly, is not very steep, but still it is growth. Estimates are as follows: 1,6-1,7% (Central Bank of the Russian Federation). It should be noted that this is lower than the average global economic growth over 2017. If you believe the estimates of the IMF and the World Bank, then the global economy for the year will grow by 2,2%. This, by the way, is slightly less than for 2016. Then the results showed an increase in 2,3%. At the same time, Russian economic growth fully corresponds to the growth of GDP in developed countries. At the end of 2017, GDP growth rates in developed countries are about 1,68%. Of course, the similarity in growth does not mean that the Russian economy is now also developed ... Just as a fact.
By the way, the Ministry of Finance just a few days ago stated that Russian GDP will grow by about 1,8-2%.
Another important economic indicator is inflation. And here, if we again believe the official reports, then in our country there is a record for the whole history "Observations". At the end of the year, inflation was about 2,5%. This is the lowest indicator of modern Russia. And although the average ordinary Russian, entering the store or entering the gas station, is not ready to take on trust the inflation figures voiced by the Central Bank, the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance do not give up. They say: record low, and that's it! Well ... Let's believe. As evidence, the approximate formula for calculating the average inflation in the world (and in Russia too): the price of gasoline, meat, dairy products, medicine jumped, and the price of orange inflatable crocodiles and golf balls decreased - here you are.
Presents data on the level of foreign direct investment. This level is at the end of the year 23 billion dollars. How can this value be presented objectively besides its purely mathematical representation? For this you need to compare with something. The question is - with what? Or rather - with whom? If we take for comparison, for example, Ukraine, then here we are, of course, far ahead, because investing less and less fools in the economy of the victorious “revolution of hydration”. Over the year, about 4 billion dollars was invested in Ukrainian economic projects. And if you compare, for example, with investments in the Turkish economy, here "our" 23 billion simply fades.
The official reports of the Turkish government suggest that only direct investment in Turkey in 2017 was able to attract more than 120 billion dollars. At the same time, which is important, among these huge funds is 10 billions of investments from Russia. And this has not yet taken into account almost 1,5 billion dollars of the loan issued by Moscow to Ankara for not purchasing the 4-s divisions of the C-400 air defense system from Russia itself. With investments in such economies as Germany or China, our indicators make no sense so far.
Is it worth mentioning the statement of the Russian President Vladimir Putin, who recently noted that in order to attract more investment in the Russian economy, it is important that the country maintain stability. It's hard to argue here. As well as it is difficult to give an example with a country in which you would literally rush to invest against the background of revolutionary or even quasi-revolutionary upheavals. Sucking resources against such a background with statements about the importance of “economic partnership” is yes. Russia itself passed through such periods. As an example - Browder-show and its enrichment system with the help of the disabled business in Russia. Such investors and the gift of "not nat" ...
Results of unemployment in the Russian Federation. The Ministry of Labor notes that this indicator remains stable and is about 5,5-5,6%. However, the figures of the Ministry of Finance unexpectedly came into conflict with the VTsIOM data, which decided to directly ask citizens about their employment. In VTsIOM, unemployment in the Russian Federation was almost at the level of 11%. The Ministry of Finance commented on these data in the following way: “VTsIOM did not consider it the way it is generally accepted in such cases.” That is, it turns out that for determining the level of unemployment it’s not important how many people are unemployed in the country, but how we consider such people ...
An important point for the country's economy can be considered a significant reduction in the key rate of the Bank of Russia during 2017 year. This rate for the pre-New Year period is 7,75 percentage points. At the same time, representatives of Russian business note that in the case of final inflation at the stated level in 2,5%, the key rate is extremely high. In fact, they are more than three times the inflation rates, and this is an unacceptable level. Experts note that either the Central Bank is thus three times insured against risks, or the real level of inflation in the country is still higher than the declared 2,5%.
One of the financial results of the year for Russia is the complete exhaustion of the Reserve Fund, which Finance Minister Anton Siluanov just a few days ago announced. This is despite the fact that on December 1 the volumes of the Russian Fund of Fundamentals even grew in comparison with the figures of the previous month, reaching almost 995 billion rubles (about 17,05 billion dollars). The Ministry of Finance noted that now Russia's financial reserves will be stored in the consolidated National Welfare Fund. Its volume on December 1 2017-th was 4,2% of GDP, which is equivalent to 3,9 trillion rubles (66,94 billion dollars).
At the same time, oil prices make a clear gift to the government of the Russian Federation, since at the price of 50 dollars per barrel of “black gold”, the Cabinet of Ministers gets the opportunity to switch to the accumulation of reserves again. At the end of the year, Brent crude traded at a mark above 65 dollars per barrel.
The result of the year in real wages in the Russian Federation was voiced by Anton Siluanov (by the way, the most highly paid minister of Russia from the list of officials whose incomes are published by the Ministry of Finance in open access mode). According to the head of the ministry, finance growth in real wages in Russia will be more than three percent.
Results on the economy, as they say in official figures. And how much they are close to reality - it remains to be judged.
And in general, Happy New Year, dear friends! And the new - 2018-th - will definitely be no less saturated with events. Only I would like to see positive prevail among the informational reasons.