Military Review

Fleet to fight the partisans

35



The army of Myanmar (formerly Burma), until recently, was characterized by a combination of a huge number with an extremely small amount of equipment with a very low quality of the latter. The Armed Forces of the country were focused on conducting anti-guerrilla wars with ethnic rebel groups and drug mafia.

The situation began to change only recently. A certain amount of modern technology has been acquired, a separate military industrial complex is being created, primarily shipbuilding.

Main supplier weapons and military equipment in Myanmar has traditionally been China. There are also Russian, Ukrainian, North and South Korean, as well as old American and British weapons and military equipment.

The ground forces are not only very large, but also have a complex organizational structure, the basis of which is constituted by regional military commands. Their 14: North, North-East, East, South-East, South, South-West, West, North-West, Yangon, Coast, Triangle, Central, East-Central, Naypyidaw (the capital of the country since 2005). Regional military commanders are united in the highest level structures - the Bureau of Special Operations There are six of them: 1-e (includes North, North-West, Central Command), 2-e (Northeast, East, East-Central, Triangle), 3-e (South, West, South-West), 4- e (Coastal, Southeast), 5-e (Yangon), 6-e (Naypyido). In addition, there are 20 operational commands equivalent to infantry divisions. In particular, the 4 is considered to be an airborne division. There is also a 10 light infantry divisions (11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88, 99, 101-I), 7 regional operational commands that are equivalent to an infantry brigade) Loikaw, locale, Kalemie, Sittwe, Pyi, tanaina language , Vanhsen), and 5 armored operational commands (71, 72, 73, 74, 75-I divisions).

The ground forces also include air defense divisions (divisions) - Northern, Southern, Western, Eastern, South-Eastern, Central (each has 9 air defense battalions: 3 medium-range air defense systems, 3 anti-aircraft artillery systems 3).

There are 10 artillery operational commands (505, 606, 707, 808, 901, 902, 903, 904, 905, 909-е). In addition, there are separate battalions - 10 missile, 45 communications, 58 engineering.

11 is armed with North Korean OTP "Hwaseong-6" with a range of 700 kilometers.

Tank The fleet includes 14 relatively modern Soviet T-72 purchased in Ukraine, and 50 new Chinese MBT-2000 (export version of the Tour 96). There are not so many old tanks either: 10 Soviet T-55s, the rest are Chinese (at least 25 Toure 59D, 80 Toure 69-II, 105 light Toure 62 and Toure 63). The armament consists of 85 antique British BRMs (45 Ferret, 40 Humber), 120 Brazilian EE-9. BTR: 26 Soviet MTLBs, Chinese Type 85, Type 90, Tour 92, ZFB-05 totaling 367, 10 Ukrainian BTR-3U, Indian MPV and French M3 each. There are 30 Yugoslav self-propelled guns B-52 Nora and 12 Chinese self-propelled guns SN-1, 100 anti-tank self-propelled guns PTL-02 also from China. Towed guns: 100 Yugoslav mountain M-48, 10 English LG, 54 Italian M-56, 126 American M101, 100 Soviet D-30, 16 Israeli M-71 and Chinese Tour 59-1. Mortars: Chinese Tour 53, 80 Israeli Soltam. In stock 30 old towed MLRS Tour 63 (107 mm).

Ground air defense includes up to 60 PU English SAM "Bloodhound" Division (4 PU) modernized in Belarus S-125M regiment (20 PU) updated in the same SAM "Square", the regiment (4 battery) contemporary Chinese SAM KS-1A ( HQ-12). Known about 200 old Chinese MANPADS HN-5, 100 our contemporary "Needle-1" and 400 "Igla", 12 Chinese ZSU Tour 80, 38 ZRPK Russian "Tunguska" and 34 AAAs (Chinese 24 74 and 10 Tour English M- 1).

The Myanmar Air Force is armed with the 30 order of old attack aircraft (up to 12 Yugoslav G-4, up to 19 Chinese Q-5) and, possibly, 61 fighter: up to 32 old Chinese J-7 (including 6 training and combat JJ-7) , 29 modern Russian MiG-29 (including 6 SE, 5 UB). Reconnaissance aircraft: American Cessna-550 and British BN-5 2. Transporters: 2 Dutch F-27 until 3 FH-227, 2 Chinese Y-12 and 5 Y-8, to 2 Soviet AN-12, 2 French and Italian ATR-72 and 2 ATR-42, 4 Swiss RS-6 , to 9 American "Cessna-180" and to 9 "Beach 1900D". Training aircraft: 6 latest Russian YK-130, at least 30 modern Chinese JL-8 (K-8) and 2 old CJ-6, Swiss PC-7 PC-9 (up to 15 and 8 units, respectively), 20 German G-120 11TR. Combat helicopters - 35 Russian Mi-13P. Multipurpose and transport: up to 17 of our Mi-11, up to 316 French SA-10, 3 Polish W-32, up to 2 Mi-205, American Bell-206 and Bell-20 (about 12). There are also UAVs - 3 Chinese combat CH-XNUMX.

Recently, the Navy has been developing quite rapidly, primarily due to its own construction. Composed of fleet 5 frigates: 2 types of “Mahar” (Chinese project 053H1), “Aung Zeya” (mine, Burmese, with the latest Russian anti-ship missiles “Uranus”), 2 “Kian Sith” (also of its own production, with Chinese anti-ship missiles S-802). There are 2 locally built corvettes of the Anavrata type and 1 Tabinshveti with S-802 anti-ship missiles. All missile boats are equipped with the same anti-ship missiles: 2 of their own, made using Stealth technology, and 17 Chinese projects 037-1G (6 were built in China, 11 at Myanmar shipyards). Torpedo boats of the T-201 type are laid. The Navy and the economic zone security service include more than 100 patrol boats of various types. There are 7 landing boats. Marine Corps includes 1 battalion.

If in neighboring Vietnam, Laos and Thailand the drug mafia is in fact defeated, in Myanmar it continues to act almost without hindrance, and it is against it, as well as against ethnic rebel groups, that the main actions of the army are directed. Myanmar is considered one of Beijing’s closest allies, but it supports the separatism of ethnic Chinese in the northeast of the country. Apparently, instructors from the PRC are directly involved in separatist combat training and even fight on their side. The relations of Myanmar with the countries of the West are extremely contradictory. During the period when the military was in power in this country, the West created another “human rights icon” from opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. However, after the “icon” reached an agreement with the military and became the de facto leader of the country, it turned out that it differs little from the military, at least in the methods of suppression in the west of Myanmar of the Rohingya insurgents (Muslims by religion). Which, however, also can not be called angels.

The future of the country is very vague. Myanmar is not the weakest ASEAN country, but certainly the most problematic.
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  1. Vard
    Vard 31 December 2017 07: 57
    +2
    Myama ... This is former Burma ... What is interesting ... The same thing is everywhere ... They do not interfere with the drug mafia ... Then they fight it ... Then they suddenly discover that they themselves are increasing drug use ...
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 31 December 2017 09: 57
      +4
      Quote: Vard
      Myama ... This is the former Burma ... What is interesting ... Everywhere the same thing ...

      It’s hard to argue with anything, but it seems that the CIA isn’t too sweet here. Not for nothing that the Americans moved the main plantations of opium poppy from the Golden Triangle to Afghanistan
      1. Dalailama
        Dalailama 31 December 2017 14: 12
        +1
        It’s just that from the same plantations the Chinese Maoists began to receive for their world revolution, who agreed with the Chinese Kuomintang which they had previously squeezed out of the PRC into this region.
    2. Astoria
      Astoria 31 December 2017 12: 02
      +2
      They do not interfere with the drug mafia ... Then they fight it.
      poverty, peasants do not care what to grow, and the country is trapped in poverty.
    3. Anyone
      Anyone 5 January 2018 21: 39
      +3
      Myanmar has virtually no drug addiction. Opium is produced in hard-to-reach places at the junction of the borders of Laos, Thailand, and, in fact, Myanmar - the so-called. Golden Triangle. The authorities are struggling with the problem as much as they can. The difficulty lies in the fact that Myanmar has a very bad relationship with Laos, and the plantations are partially located on the border. In Laos itself, by the way, drugs are more affordable. Especially marijuana ... Myanmar is a very pleasant country with very friendly people, mostly not spoiled by tourists and app. culture. P.S. It so happened that he spent quite a long time in this country.
  2. Bongo
    Bongo 31 December 2017 08: 21
    +4
    Ground air defense includes up to 60 PU English SAM "Bloodhound" Division (4 PU) modernized in Belarus S-125M regiment (20 PU) updated in the same SAM "Square", the regiment (4 battery) contemporary Chinese SAM KS-1A ( HQ-12). Known about 200 old Chinese MANPADS HN-5, 100 our contemporary "Needle-1" and 400 "Igla", 12 Chinese ZSU Tour 80, 38 ZRPK Russian "Tunguska" and 34 AAAs (Chinese 24 74 and 10 Tour English M- 1).
    The data is very outdated and in some places unreliable. No. LAW Bloodhound Mk.II long ago decommissioned. For some reason, the Soviet C-75 and their Chinese clones HQ-2 are not mentioned. Regarding the workable SAMs "Square" is also doubtful.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 31 December 2017 10: 03
      +1
      Quote: Bongo
      For some reason, the Soviet S-75 air defense systems and their Chinese HQ-2 clones were not mentioned. Relatively efficient air defense system "Square" is also doubtful.

      Sergei! Hey. Given the characteristics of that climate and delivery time, I doubt that all these weapons are in working condition. Corrosion can destroy everything.
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 31 December 2017 11: 11
        +3
        Not only corrosion, the storage time of mixed fuel in "Kvadratovskie" rockets has long expired.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 31 December 2017 11: 30
          +3
          Quote: Bongo
          Not only corrosion, the storage time of mixed fuel in "Kvadratovskie" rockets has long expired.

          Especially. I would not dare to fire such rockets. One thing is a failure to start the engine, to hell with it, another thing is the cracking of fuel bombs, there is already an uncontrolled burning and explosion of the engine, and this is fraught.
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 31 December 2017 11: 52
            +3
            Quote: Amurets

            Especially. I would not dare to fire such rockets. One thing is a failure to start the engine, to hell with it, another thing is the cracking of fuel bombs, there is already an uncontrolled burning and explosion of the engine, and this is fraught.

            It is for this reason that the "Cube-Square" is for the most part decommissioned. The Czechs wanted to re-equip their complexes with Italian Spada missiles. But the matter did not move beyond the project.
            1. Almera
              Almera 6 January 2018 12: 50
              0
              And why didn't you switch to solid fuel systems?
              1. Bongo
                Bongo 6 January 2018 15: 36
                +1
                Quote: Almera
                And why didn't you switch to solid fuel systems?

                In the “Kub” SAM system rockets with a ramjet engine using solid mixed fuel were used.
  3. Monarchist
    Monarchist 31 December 2017 16: 20
    +3
    Quote: Amurets
    Quote: Bongo
    For some reason, the Soviet S-75 air defense systems and their Chinese HQ-2 clones were not mentioned. Relatively efficient air defense system "Square" is also doubtful.

    Sergei! Hey. Given the characteristics of that climate and delivery time, I doubt that all these weapons are in working condition. Corrosion can destroy everything.

    And he would add: how much are they trained in the maintenance of such equipment?
  4. Monarchist
    Monarchist 31 December 2017 16: 39
    +5
    I am always interested in such a “Venigret”: Yugoslav, Chinese, Russian, Dutch, Swiss and French aircraft, components are needed for all aircraft, but where can I get components for the Yugoslav attack aircraft?
    Or SAM: even our C75 and HQ2 are not unified.
    I suspect that half of the planes are out of order. So I know a man, he has 3 "ant" scooters: one on the go, and the other "donors"
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 1 January 2018 04: 36
      +3
      Quote: Monarchist
      I am always interested in such a “Venigret”: Yugoslav, Chinese, Russian, Dutch, Swiss and French aircraft, components are needed for all aircraft, but where can I get components for the Yugoslav attack aircraft?

      Components are not a problem. The quality of these components is a problem, this is just the second: there are problems of matching and pairing equipment from different manufacturers and the possibility of setting “bookmarks” in the equipment. What this led to, see the link: http: //www.liveinternet.ru/community/36290
      85 / post154296883 Libya's experience turned out to be sad.
      The capital of Tripoli was covered by 2 mixed-air anti-aircraft missile brigades (S-75M Desna and S-125M Neva-M air defense systems) and 2 "Square" brigades. The city of Benghazi with a naval base and Benin airfield at that time was covered by 2 air defense teams S-75M, S-125M and Kvadrat. In the vicinity of Sirte, 3 brigades were deployed with an airfield, including the new S-200VE Vega air defense systems (two divisions) and the aforementioned complexes. A characteristic feature of the Libyan anti-aircraft missile defense was the presence of various types of radars in it: Soviet, German, and Swedish. Information from them was collected, summarized and reflected by means of automation of various production, which initially were not interfaced with each other. As a result, data on the air situation came to two different control posts, and the commanders of the Tripoli and Benghaz groups were literally torn to pieces. "
      1. Monarchist
        Monarchist 1 January 2018 14: 50
        +2
        Amurtsu, thanks for the information, but unfortunately I’m not following the links .. Young - they quickly stick in, but it’s more difficult for us.
        As an illustration: "in 1999 (the beginning of Mobile) a young mother and her daughter (a 6-year-old girl) talk at a tram stop and her mother asks her daughter to teach how to answer cell phone calls, and her daughter says that it’s easier than with a TV, mother he answers: “I do TVs and I know, but I don’t have a cell phone.” Then we launched the production of Onyx color TVs (in my kitchen there is a small Onyx one of the first. Already repaired and repaired), what is being assembled there now?
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 2 January 2018 00: 28
          +4
          Quote: Monarchist
          Amurtsu, thanks for the information, but unfortunately I’m not following the links .. Young - they quickly stick in, but it’s more difficult for us.

          Yes, I'm also not young, just closer to the topic. In a nutshell: the Bengai and Tripoli air defense groups had different control systems that were not coordinated among themselves. This is where the inconsistency of actions and the breakthrough of Libyan air defense went.
  5. Type 63
    Type 63 31 December 2017 23: 05
    +1
    Burma (Myanmar) is an interesting country, I would like to read more about it
  6. Olezhek
    Olezhek 1 January 2018 12: 09
    +1
    If in neighboring Vietnam, Laos and Thailand, the drug mafia is virtually defeated, then in Myanmar it continues to operate. almost unhindered, and it is against her, as well as against ethnic rebel groups main actions directed army.


    A somewhat controversial phrase ...
  7. MOSKVITYANIN
    MOSKVITYANIN 1 January 2018 22: 27
    +3
    The article again does not match its title, it does not say a word about the use of the Navy of Burma against partisans, especially separatists and partisans are two different terms. This article is more suitable for another name - "The number and combat strength of the Armed Forces of Burma" ...
    Again gullible members of the forum with loud titles lure articles, if only they read ....
  8. Nemesis
    Nemesis 4 January 2018 05: 49
    +1
    There are enough problems in Russia, in which the Stavropol Territory is increasingly turning into Afghanistan, and the renewal of the fleet lags far behind all reasonable limits ...
    1. MOSKVITYANIN
      MOSKVITYANIN 4 January 2018 12: 58
      +1
      And what is the connection between the slow renewal of the RF KChF and the transformation of Stavropol into "Afghanistan"?
      1. Nemesis
        Nemesis 4 January 2018 19: 44
        +2
        The connection is that the desire of some to lead the Russian Federation is excessively ahead of their abilities
        1. Golovan Jack
          Golovan Jack 4 January 2018 19: 49
          +6
          Quote: Nemesis
          the desire of some to lead the Russian Federation is excessively ahead of their abilities

          Are you talking about Ksyushad? Or (even scary to think) to yourself? Deushka? wink
          1. Nemesis
            Nemesis 4 January 2018 19: 54
            +2
            I’m talking about Yeltsin’s heirs in general ... Besides, I seem to have asked you not to write to me ... I don’t like talking to people of your level and upbringing, I’m bored and .... On the street, show your significance ... although , it seems to me that your heroism is not enough there to communicate in a similar style ... Chao ..
            1. Golovan Jack
              Golovan Jack 4 January 2018 20: 11
              +6
              Quote: Nemesis
              I do not like to communicate with people of your level

              So do I. But, you see - it’s necessary request
              Quote: Nemesis
              Show your worth on the street

              Tell it to the mirror. With an expression. And stop already nonsense to write в интернете... you will be understood and appreciated good
              Quote: Nemesis
              something seems to me

              You constantly seem like hell. This is ... a bad sign yes
              1. Nemesis
                Nemesis 4 January 2018 20: 24
                +2
                Do not take on a lot, overdo it ... In your opinion, there are only two opinions, one of yours, the other, supposedly not correct, but according to this, here people don’t want to communicate with you and do not impose on us ... You are not the last instance in the universe ...
                1. Golovan Jack
                  Golovan Jack 4 January 2018 20: 33
                  +6
                  Quote: Nemesis
                  do not impose on us

                  "We, Nicholas II"?
                  You have megalomania ...
                  And the persecution, the campaign ...
                  Throw nonsense to write, and I will not say a word to you request
                  1. Nemesis
                    Nemesis 4 January 2018 20: 37
                    +2
                    Mania of grandeur is with you, because it is precisely you who have the brazenness and tactlessness to teach not only me to live, but also a host of other people who do not agree with your supposedly perfect view of things ... You write not only to me and write to uncharacteristic of your own manner ... And therefore go to IGNORED ...
                    1. Golovan Jack
                      Golovan Jack 4 January 2018 20: 40
                      +6
                      Quote: Nemesis
                      You write not only to me and write in a manner that is not typical for you ...

                      Three mistakes in one sentence ... however belay
                      Quote: Nemesis
                      head to IGNORED

                      Yes, go ... I - exactly yes
  9. Tarasios
    Tarasios 6 January 2018 04: 41
    +1
    I think that in such an article it would be very informative to indicate the following data:
    Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Territory: 678 km, 500th in the world.
    Population: approximately 60 million people, has more than one hundred nationalities.
    Total Armed Forces: 406 thousand
    The country is the second largest producer of illicit opium in the world
    1. Almera
      Almera 6 January 2018 12: 55
      0
      The country is the second largest producer of illicit opium in the world
      This explains a lot. There are enough patrons, why spend money on weapons.
    2. Aqela
      Aqela 7 January 2018 12: 17
      0
      Exactly! Without this information, the value of the article is noticeably lower! good
  10. Aqela
    Aqela 7 January 2018 12: 16
    0
    Judging by the list, that same zoo of heterogeneous "iron" ... How are they supplying all this with spare parts and consumables?
  11. pavelty
    pavelty 10 January 2018 12: 17
    +1
    "29 modern Russian MiG-29s (including 6 SE, 5 UB)" - there are no such MiG-29SE aircraft)