Military Review

An Lushan revolt: minus 36 million people

32
In 755, a large-scale uprising took place in China under the command of warlord An Lushan against the reigning Tang dynasty. The rioters succeeded in capturing Chang'an, the then capital of the state. The war, which lasted for several years, claimed the lives of about thirty-six million people, that is, about one-sixth of the world's population.




Against the emperor

The end of 40-x - the beginning of the 50-s of the eighth century for China was not easy. The problems that have arisen among the people not through the fault of the "upper", these very "upper" only exacerbated. Not only were the taxes raised, so the famine was caused by natural disasters and floods in the 754 year. But the government looked at the problems of its subjects, to say the least, through our fingers. He had more important concern - the imperial army (it’s also the borderline) began to embrace discontent. And his reasons were rooted in the house of the sovereign, where squabbles and intrigues always reigned.

The main striking force in the imperial army was equestrian riflemen and latniks. And around them was a huge swarm of various auxiliary "brigades": infantry, attendants, commissaries, a wagon train. All these people made up the army. And with the exception of drummers, there was little use of them on the battlefield. More precisely, they were inefficient units, needed only to serve elite warriors. But without them it was impossible to do. After all, the squads and arrows did not bother to care for their horses, weaponsand also did not provide themselves with food. This was explained by the fact that soldiers should always be rested and ready for battle. Otherwise, in the event of a battle, they will not be able to pull a tight bow string or swing a sword. And in the conditions of the battles of the eighth century, most often, the outcome of the battle was decided by a single episode in which the drummers needed to invest all their accumulated forces. Simply put, the Chinese army was a complex mechanism, where some could not exist without others. And while all remained unhappy with each other, and most of all - the government.

It must be said that in those days most of the patrons and horse riflemen were representatives of various nomadic peoples, of which there was plenty in northern China. They entered the imperial army, pursuing selfish goals - the soldiers were eager for victories and wealth. But ... despite the courage, the Chinese army more and more often began to fail. Nomads began to resent, because it was not for this that they came to the service of the emperor. The soldiers could not blame the military leaders for defeats, because they too were nomads, which means they were their own. Another thing is Chinese officials from the capital. They are completely alien people, living as if in a parallel world. Due to the loss of a sense of reality, the government severely restricted career development for nomadic mercenaries. At most, they were trusted in positions in the border army, and they were not allowed to take up high posts in the provinces. It painfully beat the vanity of proud steppe men. Therefore, they regarded the ruling elite and the entire imperial court with hostility. In general, repeated история the end of the seventh century, when the Turkic mercenaries simply took and left the imperial army. But that incident was long forgotten and did not remember the tops of the lesson.

The imperial army was located near the capital of the Tang dynasty. Here was the guard. Only the natives of their aristocratic families of China, who at one time became allies of the Tang dynasty, served in it. This army was large and well-armed, but all the advantages were questioned by one serious drawback - the guards had practically no combat experience. Therefore, as an assistant, the Northern Army was located near it, which was more often called the “Army of Fathers and Sons”. This name was a thing of the past when Emperor Taizong, with the help of his supporters, managed to take the throne in 619. Then this army was made up of the sons of those veterans. In general, it was the Northern Army that played the decisive role in all palace intrigues. It depended on the success or failure of the next coup.

In addition to these enormous forces, China had a cavalry bodyguard recruited from slaves and prisoners of war. But this army belonged to the powerful Li family and, accordingly, acted solely in the interests of their masters.

And closer to the middle of the eighth century, this whole armed fraternity began to doubt the current emperor and his political course. Discontent began as early as the beginning of the 30s, when the ruler ordered several commanders to commit suicide at once, since, in his opinion, they demanded an undeserved advance along the career ladder. Then the riot was avoided and the matter was somehow hushed up. But at any opportunity the emperor was remembered by those events.
An Lushan revolt: minus 36 million people

Poured oil on the fire and the Tibetan front, where the Chinese army was heavily stalled. All this led to the fact that the government sent the Northern Army there. The soldiers, accustomed to intrigues and fighting the internal enemy, in fact, for the first time found themselves face to face with the external enemy. Naturally, despite their numbers and weapons, they could not break the Tibetans. The emperor and his entourage understood the weakness of the Chinese troops, who could defeat the army of slaves or withstand the defense of the fortress. But they could not fight against maneuverable and experienced opponents, unlike the same steppe inhabitants. Therefore, the brewing conflict, which affected all the numerous troops, frightened the elderly ruler Xuan-tsung. He, by and large, did not see because of the fear of getting out of the current situation, and therefore, he tightened the loop on his own neck only stronger. Xuan Zong tried to hide behind his favorite - Yang Gui-Fei - and trusted her to solve the most pressing issues. But she acted not as a tactician and strategist, but as a peasant who unexpectedly gained more power. Therefore, Yang at the highest positions arranged their many relatives - the Chinese. Her actions led to the fact that the real combat generals were expelled from the imperial court. The power migrated from “commanders to eunuchs,” as Lev Gumilyov described those events.

Yang Gui-Fei hated and cursed everyone. She was accused of raising taxes, the violence of the elements, failures in wars, arbitrariness and the stupidity of officials ... Chinese soldiers were ready to demolish the capital, along with its top, completely divorced from reality. But they needed a leader whose authority no one would doubt. And this was found. An Lushan stood at the head of the mudflow of the multinational army of the Celestial Empire.

Fighting

An Lushan came from Sogdina. This is a territory in the valley of the Zerafshan River (from modern Bukhara to Khujand). By the way, "An" is the Chinese name of Bukhara. Nomads who had sided with China often fought with representatives of other steppe peoples. Lushan was no exception. But the beginning of his career turned out to be crumpled. In 736, he, leading the reconnaissance squad, fought the Kindans in southern Manchuria and destroyed almost all of his soldiers. For this he was sentenced to death, but allowed to explain the reason for the defeat of the emperor and his entourage. And Lushan managed to escape death through cunning and flattery. Played a role and the fact that most of the officials at the court were dishonest. And Anh wisely used it. Lev Gumilyov wrote: “An Lushan combined Turkic indomitability with Chinese cunning, he was equally able to flatter and fight, to hypocrite and order. Knowing the venality of the palace hangers-on, he did not spare money for bribes, and therefore his elevation went quickly. ” So, instead of the death penalty he was expected to be promoted. Bribed officials justified the investment in them.

By the time the rise of An Lushan in the Chinese summit again began strife. So these events were described by Gumilev: “At that time there was a struggle between“ aristocrats ”, that is, members of high-ranking families, and“ scholars ”who received the grades by passing exams. The leader of the latter, Li Lin-fu, the head of the government, having defeated his rivals, began to nominate completely illiterate nomads to military posts, considering them to be not dangerous. ”

It would seem that nomads should be satisfied. But no. The fact is that these posts got the wrong people. Pursuing certain goals, Li Lin-fu gave positions to the most loyal and loyally inclined generals to him. However, he did not pay attention to their popularity among the soldiers and military successes. The main thing is that the steppe should be illiterate, stupid, but extremely faithful. This, of course, turned most warriors against Linfu. They were already unhappy with their position for a long time, and the new government policy only strengthened the negative.

Lushan began his preparations for the uprising in the 1940s. Thanks to the military reform that took place in the 744 year, he became the head of the corps in the Manchurian Pinla. Then Anh increased the number of his troops at the expense of corps in other cities. Skillfully maneuvering between corrupt officials, he gained access to the emperor's horse herds in order to freely fill the ranks of his cavalry. After recruiting elite soldiers from nomadic tribes into their ranks, Lushan began to actively bribe officials to be on his side if necessary.

Such a behavior of a military leader could not but worry the government. And Minister Yang Guo-chung dared to start a lawsuit against Lushan. The main complaint was that An collected too many soldiers and possessions in his hands. The commander was not scared and personally appeared in the capital to testify. He managed to parry all the charges. And he justified himself on all points so deftly and skillfully that he had the courage (and arrogance) to demand awards for two and a half thousand of his subordinates. He did this, of course, in pursuit of his goals, and not out of the goodness of his heart. In the head of An Lushan, a riot plan was already ripe, so he needed to show his commanders before the beginning of the uprising that he appreciated them.

In the fatal year for all of China 755, An Lushan went into open conflict with Yang Guo-chung. He demanded instead of three dozen Chinese officers to put nomads. Go-chjun tried as best he could to prevent the progress of this initiative of the Sogdian, but the emperor unexpectedly took the side of Lushan. After that, An realized that it was time for action.

In November, 755, in Yuyane, in Hebei Province, he announced a rebellion. And the first task was the elimination of the entire Yang family. More than one hundred and fifty soldiers from the border army supported Lushan. He was joined by the Turkic prince Ashin Chem-ching. Naturally, everybody understood perfectly well that the elimination of the Yang family is just a cover (and, at the same time, a settling of accounts). The main goal was to overthrow the ruling dynasty, which completely discredited itself in the eyes of the nomads.
When the government and the Chinese learned about the rebellion of nomads, whom they contemptuously called “hu” (barbarians), the huge country officially split into two warring camps. The emperor first ordered the execution of his son Lushan, who at that time was in the capital. After that, two armies moved forward to meet the nomads, with a total of about one hundred and seventy thousand people. But since they consisted of inexperienced soldiers, the rebels broke them and went to the capitals of the empire.

Lev Gumilyov described the uprising in the following way: “An Lushan immediately launched an attack on the capital. The eastern capital - Luoyang - immediately fell into his hands. The road on Shenxi, to Chang'an, was covered by an outpost in the Tongguan mountain pass, and in the east, in Hebei and Hedong, the son of the Khitan prince Li Guan-bi organized active defense against the rebels. In the summer of 756, he managed to defeat the rebellious commander Shi Ximing, and then Hebei's part rebelled against An Lushan.

However, the battle of Lanbao, in which Chinese government troops were defeated, caused panic among the Tongguan garrison. The soldiers who defended the passage retreated, and the 10 insurgents in July 756 broke into Shaanxi. ”

The success of the rebels for Lushan unexpectedly turned into a new serious problem. Since his soldiers, to put it mildly, did not have warm feelings for the Chinese, they did not stand on ceremony with the local population. Accordingly, it caused strong discontent.

Initially, the Chinese also negatively treated the emperor and his entourage. But the behavior of the insurgent nomads forced them to reconsider their point of view, and the peasants defended the dynasty. They contemptuously called warriors An Lushan "hu" and began to consider them the main enemies of the state.

But the forces were unequal. Nomads repeatedly won confident victories. The first to show his weakness and worthlessness was the emperor himself. Together with his favorite, he escaped from the capital. Moreover, his personal guards and guards, who initially were for the ruler, changed their opinion after this act. They did not want to die because of all the hated Yan Gui-fei. In addition, the soldiers of the emperor considered her to be the culprit of the revolt.

Also very quickly and found a scapegoat. They became Minister Yang Kuo-chjun. The emperor ordered him to commit suicide. Xuanzong and his entourage hoped that the official’s death would force An Lushan to stop the bloodshed. Go-chjun fulfilled the order. But this was not enough. The bodyguards and guardsmen decided that it was necessary to eliminate the main source of ills - favorite Yang Gui-Fei. The emperor, of course, was against such a development of events, but no one listened to his opinions. The woman was strangled with a silk cord, and the ruler was ordered to abdicate the throne and transfer power to her son, Suzun. Emperor Xuanzong agreed because this was the only way to save life.

Disgraced ruler sent to Sichuan. And the troops of An Lushan occupied Chang'an without a fight. The local population, fearing the cruelty of the nomads, simply fled.

Of course, the troops, who remained loyal to the dynasty, tried to stop the rebel offensive. But their strength was not enough. Then Lee Heng, heir to the throne, decided to ask for help. In 756, he managed to enlist the support of Tibetans, Uighurs, Abbasid Arabs, and other neighboring nations.

The ruler of the Uygur kaganat was the only one who set the conditions in exchange for military assistance. He demanded peace, equality and kinship. Suzong had no choice, and the Chinese emperor agreed, marrying the Uygur princess. It is clear that the Khans, agreeing to help, acted solely in their own interests. They needed the Chinese army to suffer as much as possible during the insurgency. Her weakness is the guarantor of the independence of the Uigurs. But at the same time they needed the Tang Dynasty, with which agreement and equality appeared. Therefore, the Uighurs knew what they fought with the rebels.

By that time, discontent was growing in the camp of the insurgents. An Lushan went blind and began to behave inadequately. Instead of a clever and cunning commander, the intimate saw a nervous, cruel and suspicious person.

They didn’t tolerate the distraught leader for a long time. On the night of January 30, 757, adviser Yan Zhuang and the eunuch Li Zhu-er killed An Lushan. And his death was hidden. Won the assassination leader's time killer took advantage. At first they declared Lushan a new emperor of China, having assigned the role of an heir to his feeble-minded son. And a little later they reported about the sudden death of the ruler, putting the son of Lushan on the throne. In fact, Yan Zhuang concentrated power in his hands.

New wave of riot

But Chuang came to power too late. Powerful troops made up of the allies of the Tang dynasty came out against the rebels.
Lev Gumilyov wrote: “In September, 757, on the banks of the r. Phunshui opponents met. Huai-en, commanding the Uighurs, went around the rebel army. During a round, he stumbled into an ambush and hacked her to the last rider, and then hit her from the rear. At the same time, Li Sy-ye, commanding the Khotanese, Arabs and chateau, attacked the rebels from the front. The latter were defeated, their losses were calculated in 60 thousand people, which is, of course, the usual exaggeration, since the campaign was not over. This would not be possible if the rebel army really lost 40% personnel. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account that its rear areas had to be protected from Uighurs and Khitan. ”

Regardless of the losses of the rebels, the fact remains that they suffered a crushing defeat, and it was almost impossible to recover from it.

Further more. The allies of the dynasty recaptured Chang'an and defeated the rebels in several subsequent battles. Yan Zhuang, taking with him his son Lushan, retreated over the Yellow River. The legitimate emperor Sujun returned the power to his father. The moment of calm has come.

But as soon as the aged Xuanzong had gained power, he began to punish those close to him for the slightest misdemeanor, accusing them of complicity with the rebels. It got, of course, and those who were his ardent supporter. For example, the emperor ordered the execution of his three sons, whom he suspected of treason. A contemporary of those events wrote: “He killed everyone, only he wanted to live.”

In 759, the imperial army managed to drive the leaders of the insurgency into the city of Yecheng. The siege began. But Shi Simin came to the aid of the rebels, who once led one of the armies of the Chinese ruler. In the midst of the battle, a typhoon unexpectedly flew. Both armies suffered heavily, but it was Symin who managed to unite the scattered detachments and inflict defeat on the Chinese. This victory allowed the commander to rise above the rest. Taking advantage of the moment, he executed his son An Lushan and declared himself emperor. After which he began an offensive operation.

Emperor Xuanzong panicked again and turned to the Uighurs for help. As a sign of eternal friendship and respect, he sent his daughter to Khan and declared him his closest relative. Uygur appreciated the deed. Gumilev described his reaction in this way: “Khan was satisfied and presented 500 with horses, sable fur and white wool and also sent 3 thousands of horsemen to fight the rebels.”

But this help was not enough. Shi Symin continued to successfully counteract the Allied armies. The poet Du Fu has works in which he described how almost children were sent to war with the rebels, since mobilization was announced in the country. Women who went to the front in the role of servants did not stand aside.

Only in 761, the “swan song” of Shi Symin ended. The commander was killed by conspirators, after which he was declared emperor of his son. He first decided to establish friendship with the Uighurs. He understood that the success or failure of the protracted insurgency depends entirely on them. But ... in the diplomatic field, Emperor Dai-tszung bypassed him, who took the throne after the death of his father, Xuan-tsung (Sujong was left unchanged). Therefore, in the 762 year, the Uighurs were again on the side of the Tang dynasty.

The Chinese and Uighurs began systematically to destroy the scattered armies of the rebels. In order to bring victory closer, Dai-zong announced that he would forgive all the rebels and their accomplices if they switch to his side. This turned out to be the final point for the rebellion. And the son of Shi Simin was soon killed or committed suicide.

So Lev Gumilev described the end of the rebellion raised by An Lushan: “The Uygur-Chinese army in the autumn of 762 hit the rebels and defeated their army. According to “Ganmu”, the rebels lost 60 thousand killed and 20 thousand prisoners. November 20 Uighurs broke into Luoyang {1537}. Shi Chao-and locked himself in Mochou, but then left there the commandant and went to recruit reinforcements. The commandant surrendered the fortress to Pugu Huai-enu. After that, commandant Fanyana surrendered, and the case of the rebels was lost. Hunted as a beast, Shi Chao-and hanged himself in the woods, and the civil war ended.

China lay in ruins. The Uigurs robbed the population, destroyed the houses in the villages, and the surviving residents, losing all their clothes, covered themselves with paper. The population loss was enormous: according to the 754 census, the Empire had 52 880 488 souls, and in 764 16 900 000 souls, but it must be borne in mind that the holdings mostly fell away from China. The army - the pride of the Tang dynasty - lay down entirely, left the militia and mercenary detachments. The idea of ​​the Empire was completely lost: there was no longer any strength, no means, no will to carry it out. ”

***

According to official figures during the rebellion, China’s population has declined by thirty-six million people. At that time, it was about a sixth of the population of the entire planet. And before the Second World War, the revolt of An Lushan was the bloodiest armed confrontation in the whole history of mankind.

True, according to some historians, the death toll is greatly exaggerated. Since many residents of northern China, when the war began, moved to the south, where neither the nomads nor the rebels got. By the way, the next emperors of China ruled a huge country from the southern territories too, fearing the northern lands like powder kegs.
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 26 December 2017 06: 29 New
    11
    Yang Gui Fei is a curious creature. One of 4 Chinese beauties. When they went outside, the moon was hiding, unable to withstand competition.

    In the bedroom, Yang Gui Fei constantly had peonies. The emperor fulfilled all her whims. It ended up losing the empire. But peonies are not to blame.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 26 December 2017 07: 18 New
    +5
    Uigurs robbed the population, destroyed houses in villages, and the surviving residents, having lost all their clothes, covered themselves with paper.
    ... The poet Du Fu, as an eyewitness to these events, wrote:
    I hear the people of Chinese moan.
    The dead swim in the great river
    And the women and girls taken in full
    They torment from their villages far away.
    1. antivirus
      antivirus 26 December 2017 08: 42 New
      +1
      500 years before the "invasion of Batu" there was already an alliance of China and Central Asia
      someone said that it was not (and the union and defeat of Russia)
      The population and strength of the army are huge, not comparable with Kievan Rus.
      transit through Eastern Europe demanded more compliant Russian princes
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 26 December 2017 17: 34 New
      +2
      At the beginning of the article is a frame from the film "An An Lushan Uprising", duration 0.59.you Tube. Wars in China have always had numerous casualties. For example, ECD! he cites the following: Civil war 1927 --- 1950, 7 casualties, Dungan rebellion 500 --- 000, 1862 million. An Lushan uprising --- 1877 million. Taiping uprising 10 --- 13, 1850 million. Manchurian conquest of China 1864 --- 20, 1618 million victims.
  3. Seraphimamur
    Seraphimamur 26 December 2017 07: 33 New
    +1
    And still the Chinese have bred. Now there are one and a half billion.
    1. gaura
      gaura 26 December 2017 08: 52 New
      +4
      Someone claims that more than one and a half billion, someone argues that less. How they, after a long civil war, genocide from the Japanese and the cultural revolution of Mao, gave birth to 1,5 billion, it is hard to believe. But the Chinese have dominant genes, all these nomads in a couple of generations became Chinese
      It is surprising that then in the 8 century there were already censuses and such accurate
  4. Blue cop
    Blue cop 26 December 2017 07: 58 New
    16
    Interesting article
    Scale, scale ...
    Even in the tragic pages of Chinese history
    1. Aaleks1974
      Aaleks1974 26 December 2017 08: 27 New
      +3
      Something they take doubts about the 36 million dead, the Chinese like to exaggerate.
      1. Cartalon
        Cartalon 26 December 2017 08: 40 New
        +4
        This is more likely a loss of taxpayers than of the population.
  5. Cartalon
    Cartalon 26 December 2017 08: 42 New
    +4
    On the one hand, it’s interesting, on the other, I read Gumilev and didn’t learn anything new, retelling of the chapter of the book Ancient Türks and all.
  6. Warrior-80
    Warrior-80 26 December 2017 08: 47 New
    +1
    Something in the number of victims is hardly believed, then 10 millions lived in Russia
    1. protoss
      protoss 28 December 2017 02: 46 New
      +3
      Russia then was not yet - the middle of the eighth century.
  7. Seal
    Seal 26 December 2017 09: 02 New
    +4
    Quote: Warrior-80
    Something in the number of victims is hardly believed, then 10 millions lived in Russia

    Where did you get this figure?
    And what is "Russi"?
    If the name of the country - then why with a small letter?
    1. like this
      like this 27 December 2017 17: 57 New
      0
      what is written with big
  8. Seal
    Seal 26 December 2017 09: 07 New
    +4
    Another work of fiction on "historical topics."
    Especially like it
    On official data during the rebellion, the population of China decreased by thirty-six million people.

    и
    according to the census of 754, there were 52 souls in the Empire, and in 880 there were 488 souls,

    The official reporting data of the Chinese Imperial Goskomstat for 762 - to the studio !!! Well, at least one genuine leaflet from the reports of that census, please, be so kind as to introduce !!!
    Otherwise ...... everything again corresponds to that described in Anatol France Penguin Island.
    1. Glory1974
      Glory1974 26 December 2017 14: 22 New
      +4
      Another work of fiction on "historical topics."

      I agree with you on 100%
      That article was that the Chinese historical records do not date back to the 17 century. They prove that they do not have one and a half billion. And we do not know the truth.
      And suddenly the 1000 data of summer ago, absolutely "official and truthful."
    2. ver_
      ver_ 10 March 2018 17: 19 New
      0
      ..for 100 years, the population doubles. Take the census of China in the early 20th century. And divide by 2. You recognize the numbers at the beginning of the 19th century ..., and so on until the required date ..
      If in 2000 -1500000000 people
      1900 - 750000000
      1800-375000000
      1700-185000000
      1600-93000000
      1500-46000000
      1400-23000000
      1300-12000000
      1200-600000
      1100-300000
      1000-150000
      Men and women - 75000 people, the elderly, old women and children the same 75000
      Of course, this is very rude, but mortality was very huge both from diseases and from wars ...
      1. Seal
        Seal April 21 2018 13: 35 New
        +1
        Over a century, the population has not doubled. Find the curve of the demographic growth of the planet’s population since 1000 on the Internet and study it.
        Example.
        In 1900, the world's population was 1,6 billion,
        In 1950 - 2,5 billion,
        In 2000 - 6 billion.
        Over the 50 years from 1950 to 2000, the population grew by more than 2 times. And over a century - 4 times.
        Demographers believe that in 1800 the population of the Earth totaled 900 - 950 million people.
        And in 1500 - 400 - 450 million people.

        In China.
        1500 - 110 million
        1600 - 263 million
        1700 - 210,7 million (decrease)
        1800 - 292,2 million
  9. vvv-73
    vvv-73 26 December 2017 09: 30 New
    +2
    As early as 2000 years BC, in China every 20 years due to flooding and subsequent famine, 2/3 of the population died out, i.e. 40 million people.
  10. Dimmih
    Dimmih 26 December 2017 10: 35 New
    +6
    M-yes, but where the figure is 36 million. come from? Rummaging a bit on the internet, I found this: So, in 700 BC, the population in China grew to 12 million. This is here: http://www.nstrade.ru/blog/item/naselenie-kitaya-
    istoriya-demografiya-i-nacionalnyj-sostav /
    Before writing such horror stories, literally "That war, which spanned several years, claimed the lives of about thirty-six million people, that is, about one sixth of the world's population," deign to indicate the source. Better is somewhat independent. And starting so cheerfully, the article ends with "True, according to some historians, the death toll has been greatly exaggerated." And it would be possible "And according to some historians (Venya, etc.) this was not at all, and the White Slavic-Ruso-Arians lived there." This article is not needed in the "History" section, but for example, "Opinions" because on a historical article, sorry, this does not pull. At the same time, with the best to all wishes.
    1. Glory1974
      Glory1974 26 December 2017 14: 25 New
      +2
      This article is not needed in the "History" section, but for example, "Opinions" because on a historical article, sorry, this does not pull.

      It is necessary to organize the section "Fantasy". If there are no references to sources, then it has nothing to do with history.
    2. Curious
      Curious 26 December 2017 16: 31 New
      +3
      And if you had still rummaged through the internet, you would have found that at the beginning of the VIII century AD (the uprising was in the VIII century AD), the world's population, according to various estimates, ranged from 207 million people to 310 million people, and by the end of this century, from 224 million people. up to 330 million of which in Asia - more than 200 million
  11. Lexus
    Lexus 26 December 2017 12: 19 New
    +7
    Chapaev and Petka were sent to serve on the Soviet-Chinese border. There was just a strain.
    In the morning they were going to end Chinese arbitrariness, went to the border, and there the million-strong Chinese army was standing. Vasily Ivanovich pondered and said to Petka:
    - Come on, you will lure them for a hill, and I will wet them with a saber.
    They decided on that. Petka enters the Chinese border and shouts:
    - Hey, a hundred thousand Chinese, come on for the hill to fight ...
    The Chinese gathered and went ... After a couple of days because of the hill
    Petka comes out and shouts again:
    - Hey, a hundred thousand Chinese, come on for the hill to fight ...
    The Chinese gathered ......................
    A few days later Petka comes out again and shouts:
    - Hey, a hundred thousand Chinese, come on for the hill to fight ...
    The Chinese gathered .... suddenly, from behind a hill, an unfinished creeps out
    Chinese and with all his might shouts:
    - Do not go, this is an ambush, he is not there alone - there are two of them!


    This is all you need to know about the Chinese wars. laughing
    1. Dimmih
      Dimmih 26 December 2017 13: 19 New
      0
      To judge the combat effectiveness of the Chinese army by jokes is so clever, so insightful, standing ovation!
      Quote: lexus
      Chapaev and Petka were sent to serve on the Soviet-Chinese border. There was just a strain.
      In the morning they were going to end Chinese arbitrariness, went to the border, and there the million-strong Chinese army was standing. Vasily Ivanovich pondered and said to Petka:
      - Come on, you will lure them for a hill, and I will wet them with a saber.
      They decided on that. Petka enters the Chinese border and shouts:
      - Hey, a hundred thousand Chinese, come on for the hill to fight ...
      The Chinese gathered and went ... After a couple of days because of the hill
      Petka comes out and shouts again:
      - Hey, a hundred thousand Chinese, come on for the hill to fight ...
      The Chinese gathered ......................
      A few days later Petka comes out again and shouts:
      - Hey, a hundred thousand Chinese, come on for the hill to fight ...
      The Chinese gathered .... suddenly, from behind a hill, an unfinished creeps out
      Chinese and with all his might shouts:
      - Do not go, this is an ambush, he is not there alone - there are two of them!


      This is all you need to know about the Chinese wars. laughing

      Judging the combat effectiveness of the Chinese army (and armies in general) by jokes is so clever, so insightful, standing ovation!
      1. Dr_engie
        Dr_engie 26 December 2017 14: 25 New
        +4
        Only their army did the whole story that it endured. Well, like Italian, which God created only so that the Austro-Hungarian could at least defeat someone ...
        1. Weyland
          Weyland 26 December 2017 20: 07 New
          +1
          Quote: Dr_Engie
          Only their army did the whole story that endured

          Especially in the days of Li Taizun? laughing If we compare the territory of China of the Shang era with the modern one, it is simply amazing how they grew so much with constant defeats!
        2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Glory1974
      Glory1974 26 December 2017 14: 26 New
      0
      If you shoot a million Chinese every day, the war will end in three years.
  12. Balagan
    Balagan 26 December 2017 17: 49 New
    +1
    An Lushan is a Sogdian Rustam of Bukhara (although he also met the Samarkand variant, if nothing confuses the memory). Shook the empire from the heart. Yes, and the neighbors preferred to move over. The same Bokhaites moved the residence to the Eastern capital (some 14 km from the Khasan district of modern Primorsky Territory).
  13. Dimmih
    Dimmih 26 December 2017 18: 19 New
    +1
    Quote: Curious
    And if you had still rummaged through the internet, you would have found that at the beginning of the VIII century AD (the uprising was in the VIII century AD), the world's population, according to various estimates, ranged from 207 million people to 310 million people, and by the end of this century, from 224 million people. up to 330 million of which in Asia - more than 200 million

    Perhaps it was, but the death of 36 million is too high, even immensely.
    1. Curious
      Curious 27 December 2017 00: 22 New
      +2
      Here I agree with you. It’s just that the author was either too lazy to work through the issue to the end, or found such a presentation more attractive.
      This figure is criticized by many. The same Gumilev, although he calls this figure, but speaks of a reduction in territory. Those. there could be a reduction in the number of taxpayers associated with the outflow of the population due to military operations and a decrease in the territory in which the census was conducted.
  14. Weyland
    Weyland 26 December 2017 20: 13 New
    +4
    We should not forget about the "bad youth." There is a saying in China: "they do not make nails of good iron, soldiers do not make of good people!" Just at that era, a “brilliant” thought came to someone’s “bright” head: to solve the problem of youth crime by sending all the hooliganism to the army. Of course, cowards are rarely bullies - so most bullies were passionaries and quite “found themselves” in the army, and many of these “nasty youths” made a military career - and as you might guess, they didn’t differ in their special love for law and order even in the rebellion of An Lushan participated heartily.
  15. Dimmih
    Dimmih 27 December 2017 05: 22 New
    0
    Quote: Curious
    Here I agree with you. It’s just that the author was either too lazy to work through the issue to the end, or found such a presentation more attractive.
    This figure is criticized by many. The same Gumilev, although he calls this figure, but speaks of a reduction in territory. Those. there could be a reduction in the number of taxpayers associated with the outflow of the population due to military operations and a decrease in the territory in which the census was conducted.

    That's right, everything needs a sober approach.