Military Review

IL-86: the first Soviet "giant"

6
Created in the 70 of the last century, the IL-86 became the first Soviet wide-body airliner. Total KB them. Ilyushin has released 106 such machines.


1960's have been a time of explosive growth in air travel around the world. The number of aircraft grew steadily, which affected flight safety. The only way to reduce the number of air transport was to increase its passenger capacity.

The pioneers of the new milestones in the aircraft industry were the Americans. At the end of the 70, the world saw the huge double-deck Boeing-747 liner, which is still popular today.

The USSR in this sense was catching up. First KB them. Ilyushin planned to create a new flagship of civil aviation based on the already used IL-62, about which we told earlier. However, later the designers came to the conclusion that the elongation of the fuselage significantly reduced the flight characteristics of the future aircraft.

It became clear that the need to increase the passenger capacity is not due to elongation, and the expansion of the fuselage.

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  1. Moore
    Moore 25 December 2017 11: 27 New
    +2
    Great car in my unenlightened opinion.
    Not the current Watermelon with seats, poked so that you can normally sit down only for a surcharge at the emergency exit.
    1. svp67
      svp67 25 December 2017 11: 35 New
      0
      Quote: Moore
      Great car in my unenlightened opinion.

      On mine too. He flew on the "kiten" more than once. I really liked it. The trouble is that our designers in the USSR put COMFORTABLE conditions for passengers in the first place, and then everything else. As a result, and so, not very economical engines, part of their power was spent on maintaining increased pressure in the cabin, for asthmatics, this was "pouring on wounds," but here's the cost-effectiveness ... in general, the seams
      1. Anyone
        Anyone 17 January 2018 21: 36 New
        0
        As a result, and so, not very economical engines, part of their power was spent on maintaining increased pressure in the cabin
        Do you think there is a significant difference in the operation of the SARD from IL-86 and other aircraft? On the IL-86, the intensive consumption of selected air is almost 15 thousand kg per hour. But the cabin is not a small plus blowing glass plus a pilot's cabin plus toilets etc
    2. xetai9977
      xetai9977 25 December 2017 12: 38 New
      0
      "Not a Current Watermelon with Seats"
      Do you call a Waterbus a watermelon? Not a single modern airplane can compare in comfort with Airbus! Including also a convenient "Boeing", and of course the notorious "Superjet"
      1. Moore
        Moore 25 December 2017 17: 00 New
        +1
        If this is a joke, then it is very subtle.
  2. antivirus
    antivirus 23 January 2018 11: 23 New
    0
    I propose to add to all materials about Civil Aviation:

    antivirus 7 January 9, 2018 21:16 | Russia won an “entry ticket” to an elite civil aviation club
    the result will be much later:
    when airlines say "here my profit flies, it grows on every flight"
    and MAIN (received a warning 6 and 7) !!!!!!!!!!!!!
    per flood for the banker
    There is no single owner - there will be no aviation.
    only individual airline and plants.
    without a single cycle of project and production + escort throughout life - fog in the newspapers
    UNIVERSAL RESPONSE FOR ALL AIRCRAFT AND PLANTS WITH SMALL R&D
    antivirus Yesterday, 7:11 | MS-33 status: how are things with the main airliner of Russia?
    the fault of all new growing planes-- NO OWNER WITH MONEY.
    the separation of aviation "corporations" and banks gives a gap between R&D and operation.
    there is no money (plant) and do not want to give (bank). In the USSR there was 1 owner.
    just pump loot, even carry bananas, even aviation.
    "conditional Gref" is to blame for the fact that they give a present to every year to their wives .. and they don’t.
    10 years without Courchevel and MC21 flies.
    They shake it from the beginning 00 = x
    NO SINGLE "FIN-PROM GROUP". with market launch and service.
    GUILTY STRUCTURE OF BANKING BUSINESS.
    WESTERN GAME RULES HAVE BEEN ADOPTED AND DO NOT REACH THE GIANT INVEST BANKS, which finance all stages of the life-work of industrial corporations.
    each in his corner gnaws a grain of "his"
    A complaint
    -DO NOT THROW THE PROJECT HIS LIFE, KEEP ALREADY SPENDED MONEY AND HUMAN WORK-- AGAINST "ALREADY SUFFICIENTLY HAPPENED AND PUMPED" "YOU CAN POST A PROBLE TO DR. PROJECT, AND THIS WAY WITH IT"
    modest responsibility for the project is not the switchman, but at the highest level - 30-40 years before its replacement by the next generation (ms21-350-2050?)
    A complaint