Military Review

A hundred Cossacks against 10-thousandth Kokand army

28
A hundred Cossacks against 10-thousandth Kokand army

Participants Ikanskogo fight 25 years later


18 December 1864 of the year ended the Ikansky battle between the hundred captain Esaula Vasily Serov and the army of Alimkul

In the wide steppe under Icahn
We were surrounded by angry Kokandets,
and three days with basurman
We had a bloody battle


The advance of Russia into the depths of Central Asia, begun after the conquest of the Kazan, Astrakhan Khanates and the Great Horde, took place slowly, but steadily. Span by curb, the bridgehead behind the bridgehead, the Russians moved eastward, securing new frontiers with the construction of fortresses.

In the middle of the XIX century, the Russians were already at the mouth of the Syr Darya River, which was the main waterway of the Khiva and Kokand khanates, which could not but arouse the concern of local residents and intensified the activity of Khiva and Konkandians against the Russians. In order to protect the Russian pioneers and migrants from the predatory raids of Asians, a plan was developed according to which the movement of Russian troops from the Siberian and Orenburg lines began.

In 1854, the fortress of Verny (Alma-Ata) was founded, which became the basis for further Russian advancement, which led to the inclusion of the nomadic Kyrgyz in the Russian Empire, which in turn aggravated relations with the Kokand Khanate. The war, which resumed in 1860, led to the loss of the cities of Turkestan (now in the South Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan) and Chimkent by Kokand, however, they managed to repel the assault of Tashkent, after which they set out to return the city of Turkestan with its shrine to the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi.

For these purposes, the de facto ruler of Kokand, Alimkul, assembled an 10-thousandth army and moved secretly towards Turkestan. At the same time, the commandant of the Russian garrison, having learned about the actions of the robber gang in the vicinity of the city, sent to their capture a hundred Ural Cossacks, headed by Esaul Vasily R. Serov. With them, the Cossacks took a "unicorn", a smooth-bore artillery gun and a small amount of provisions.

From the oncoming Kirghiz, the Cossacks learned that the village Ikan, located 16 versts from Turkestan, was already occupied by Kokands, but they could not tell the exact number of Kirghiz. The Cossacks estimated the size of the enemy only when they came very close to the village. They were noticed, it was late to retreat, the Cossacks quickly unloaded the camels, and took up a position. A detachment of Kokands launched several attacks on the Cossack camp, but all of them were repulsed. It is noteworthy that a quick escort of the Siberian Cossack army led to Islam led the Asians to attack. In Kokand, he was probably hiding from Russian justice.

For three days a detachment of brave Cossacks held the defense, the Russians were battle-hardened soldiers, among them were the participants of the defense of Sevastopol. The Cossacks aptly removed the Kokands, who were too close to the camp, removed the artillerymen and military leaders, who were determined by their rich decoration. The enemy did not immediately realize that only a hundred Cossacks were hiding in the camp, stubborn and skillful resistance, spoke of a large detachment, which follows from Alimkul’s note in which he offered the captain to surrender.

“Where will you leave me now? The detachment exiled from Azreth has been broken and driven back, out of a thousand of yours, not one will be left, surrender and accept our faith, I will not hurt anyone! ”

Indeed, the small detachment sent to Serov from Turkestan could not help, the fortress garrison was small, and therefore the Cossacks at Ikan had to rely only on their strength and the help of St. Nicholas the Wonder of December, the day of his memory.

On this day, the battle began to boil in the morning, the enemy pressed from three sides, 37 Cossacks died in the battle, and the survivors made a desperate attempt to break through the line of the enemy. And they succeeded, a group of 42 Cossacks on foot moved towards the fortress of Turkestan, divided into three ranks. Part of the Asians pursued the Cossacks, but even here they received a tough response.

As Lieutenant-General Mikhail Khorokhoshin notes, “single enemy battalions and kolchuzhniki sometimes broke into the middle of the Cossacks, for which some were paid with their heads, but others, thanks to their armor, jumped, having managed to injure several Cossacks. Less decisive men threw spears and spears at the Cossacks, thus causing occasional harm to retreating. So, when the Cossack P. Mizinov bent down to raise a fallen ramrod, thrown at the peak, pierced his left shoulder, pinning him to the ground, but he still jumped up and ran to her comrades, who pulled the peak out of his shoulder. ”


Monument on a mass grave on the battlefield under Ikan, installed in 1884

The Cossacks approached the city when it got dark, and here came the revenues from the fortress.

As the military historian Konstantin Abaza writes in his work “The Conquest of Turkestan”: “God knows what would have ended Alimkul’s venture, if the Urals were not to be detained. Their feat stopped the campaign of the Kokand hordes, it thundered throughout Central Asia and restored the glory of the Russian weapons».

During the three-day battle, a hundred, consisting of 2 officers, 5 consignors, 98 Cossacks, 4 attached gunners, paramedic, baggage and 3 Kazakhs, lost half of the composition. The surviving Cossacks were awarded the Badge of Military Distinction of the Military Order, the ésaul Basil Serov Order of St. George IV degree. In the place of the Ikan Battle, a monument was erected to the heroes (blown up by the Bolsheviks), and the song “In the wide steppe under Ikan” was composed and the icon of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker was painted. The Cossacks are confident that such an outcome of the battle was possible, also thanks to the help of the saint.
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28 comments
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 24 December 2017 06: 08 New
    19
    When you get acquainted with such facts of the history of our ancestors, you are amazed at the willpower and desire for the life of our ancestors ... I bow my head before them.
    And now ... comparing the current sports functionaries such as MUZHUZHOKOV who are obliged to fight for our country with the fighters of those years, I am ashamed of the current generation of Russian people whom our sport has entrusted to. am disgrace.
    A handful of Cossack fighters were able to confront the cruel and arrogant enemy, led by a traitor, a runaway squad ... there is someone (at least to me) to rely on spiritually.
    Since they were able to survive and win in a desperate situation ... what prevents us from doing the same in a modern environment.
    It is a pity that this class of our society, called upon to defend our people at the borders of our state, was practically destroyed in the civil war.
    On this fact of history, you can shoot a wonderful action movie with special effects.
    1. Basil50
      Basil50 24 December 2017 07: 04 New
      +9
      You are not quite right.
      In Central Asia, all military skill was to fly and rob those who do not have weapons, and of course the slave trade. Even during the Civil War, the Basmachi gangs flown up only if they were confident in numerical superiority.
      1. Cat
        Cat 24 December 2017 07: 22 New
        +8
        A glorious page in the history of the Russian spirit and Russian weapons! Thanks for the essay.
      2. Monarchist
        Monarchist 24 December 2017 12: 56 New
        +7
        So if you attack an enemy equal in strength, then you can thoroughly remove it, but does the Kurbash need it?
      3. Basil50
        Basil50 24 December 2017 13: 06 New
        +4
        During the GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR, my grandfather, according to the stories of himself and his colleagues, went on the attack with a cry: "For the MOTHERLAND, for STALIN, for all RUSSIAN BAB."
      4. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 24 December 2017 14: 49 New
        +3
        Wild peoples only understand the language of power; they perceive any conversation as weakness.
        1. RUSS
          RUSS 26 December 2017 18: 56 New
          +2
          Quote: Aviator_
          Wild peoples only understand the language of power; they perceive any conversation as weakness.

          And who estimates the degree of savagery? What are the criteria?
    2. Seraphimamur
      Seraphimamur 24 December 2017 07: 28 New
      +7
      Totally agree with you. at that time, the Russians went into battle with a cry: "For Faith, Tsar and Fatherland." And now there is no king, Vera is mainly remembered for religious holidays such as Christmas, and the Fatherland, including for our athletes, is where it is good (where there is more money) for a loved one.
    3. Monarchist
      Monarchist 24 December 2017 12: 36 New
      +7
      Lech, I agree with you: it’s possible to shoot a gorgeous action movie, but of the current directors I can’t remember anyone. Maybe I'm wrong, but such a film would have been in the style of Tigran Keosoyan, remember his trilogy “The Elusive Avengers”? In childhood, I watched with pleasure even now, and the song: “chase, chase of hot blood” (I put it on my SIM tune)
    4. Looking for
      Looking for 24 December 2017 17: 06 New
      +2
      Then the words -HONOR and FAITH were not an empty phrase.
      1. Paranoid50
        Paranoid50 24 December 2017 17: 28 New
        +6
        Quote: Seeker
        the words - HONOR and FAITH were not empty words

        You know, today there are those (and there are enough of them) for whom the concept of honor is by no means an empty phrase, and the feat of Alexander Prokhorenko is an example of this. But at that time, in the 19th century, and among the Cossacks there were apostates:
        It is noteworthy that a fugitive officer of the Siberian Cossack army, who converted to Islam, led the Asians. In Kokand, he was probably hiding from Russian justice.
        Each time has its own heroes and its villains. hi
  2. Korsar4
    Korsar4 24 December 2017 06: 29 New
    +6
    It’s good when you have something to believe in. And it was not for nothing that they said that there are no unbelievers in battle.
    And Nikolai the Miracle Worker helped. And they themselves didn’t do anything.

    Russian glory.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 24 December 2017 07: 37 New
    13
    Mikhail Afrikanovich Terentyev described events in such a way .... And how to understand the words of a captive Urus, who, by his order, was not killed, but delivered to Mulla Alimkul for questioning ... All wounded, the Cossack could not stand, but hung on the arms of the sarbazes with difficulty holding his. On the proposal to surrender and accept the Mohammedan faith, he spat a clot of blood on the snow trampled by the horses of the Turkestan road. And then, involuntarily fulfilling respect for the bleeding “Urus,” Mulla Alimkul dismounted, came closer to him and asked: Why do you believe in your god like that. After all, is God alone? What is your strength? The translator bent down to the already losing strength Cossack, who whispered: “God is not in power, but in truth!” Mulla Alimkul continued to ride thoughtfully along the vast steppe, which began to plunge into the golden-pink sunset, reflecting on the words “Urus”. He thought that if thousands of his soldiers could not defeat hundreds of “Russian Cossacks,” then what would happen if thousands appeared Russians?
    1. 97110
      97110 25 December 2017 17: 19 New
      +2
      Quote: parusnik
      if thousands come Russian?

      With urgent I remembered that the devils are, and the military are arriving.
  4. captain
    captain 24 December 2017 11: 41 New
    +5
    The Cossacks were the most warlike part of the Russian people. The tsarist government skillfully used their fighting and military spirit to solve state tasks. Our kings found the right forgiveness of various riots of the Cossacks; Razin, Bulavinov, Pugachev, Ermak and other less well-known Cossack chieftains. Using the amazing ability of the Cossacks to colonize, they populated the occupied and acquired lands. They settled them mainly along the borders of the Russian Empire. thereby saving on border protection. The Cossacks restrained the onslaught of Muslims in the South of Russia, the Chinese in the Far East and Central Asia .. The Bolsheviks destroyed the Cossacks in vain, this affected the 30 years, the 40 years, and now the creeping Islamization of Stavropol Kuban, Don. I agree with the same LEKHA, such militants can be removed, moreover, on the historical exploits of the Cossacks.
    1. Lenivets2
      Lenivets2 24 December 2017 12: 05 New
      +4
      I completely agree with you, with the exception of: when did Yermak rebel against Ivan the Terrible?
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 24 December 2017 14: 47 New
      +6
      If we recall the classics - “Quiet Flows the Don”, then the Cossacks clearly disdain for nonresident and peasants - the main population of Russia. And the fact that the peasants ultimately won, sobered up the Cossacks very much - whether they are such a “salt of the Russian land” as they were promoted by the tsar’s officialdom (and the present too). Well, later, in the 30-s, the Kuban and Terek Cossacks were restored in the ranks of the Red Army, the percentage of which in the White Army was not so great. It is worth noting that in addition to the fight against "external enemies", which should only be welcomed, the Cossacks performed punitive (OMON) functions in relation to the main population of Russia, so they could not count on popular love. These are the main reasons for the "destruction" of the Cossacks.
    3. Looking for
      Looking for 24 December 2017 17: 15 New
      +4
      of everything you are right in only one thing, there is a CREWING ISLAMIZATION. And not even of individual regions, but of the state as a whole. But our great ancestors warned us not to believe the Basurmans, he flatters your eyes, but holds a knife behind his back.
  5. Monarchist
    Monarchist 24 December 2017 12: 52 New
    +2
    Quote: parusnik
    Mikhail Afrikanovich Terentyev described events in such a way .... And how to understand the words of a captive Urus, who, by his order, was not killed, but delivered to Mulla Alimkul for questioning ... All wounded, the Cossack could not stand, but hung on the arms of the sarbazes with difficulty holding his. On the proposal to surrender and accept the Mohammedan faith, he spat a clot of blood on the snow trampled by the horses of the Turkestan road. And then, involuntarily fulfilling respect for the bleeding “Urus,” Mulla Alimkul dismounted, came closer to him and asked: Why do you believe in your god like that. After all, is God alone? What is your strength? The translator bent down to the already losing strength Cossack, who whispered: “God is not in power, but in truth!” Mulla Alimkul continued to ride thoughtfully along the vast steppe, which began to plunge into the golden-pink sunset, reflecting on the words “Urus”. He thought that if thousands of his soldiers could not defeat hundreds of “Russian Cossacks,” then what would happen if thousands appeared Russians?

    "Strength is not in God, but in truth" is well said, but in a little bit to modify: "strength is not in God and weapons, but faith in a just cause"
  6. Monarchist
    Monarchist 24 December 2017 12: 59 New
    +3
    Quote: Kotischa
    A glorious page in the history of the Russian spirit and Russian weapons! Thanks for the essay.

    More of these essays, and in our history there were many glorious pages
  7. Curious
    Curious 24 December 2017 14: 14 New
    +5
    Alekseev, L. The Case of Ikan (Eyewitness Story) // Historical Bulletin. - SPb .: Type. A. S. Suvorin, 1893. - No. 3. - S. 796-803. (http://www.vostlit.info/Texts/Dokumenty/M.Asien/
    XIX / 1860-1880 / Alekseev / text.htm)
    Khoroshkhin, M.P. Heroic feat of the Urals. The case of Ikan on December 4, 5 and 6, 1864. - 3rd ed. - Uralsk: Type. Ural Cossack troops, 1895. (http://www.vostlit.info/Texts/Dokumenty/M.Asien/
    XIX / 1860-1880 / Ikan / text.htm)
  8. Humpty
    Humpty 24 December 2017 19: 20 New
    +9
    In VO already wrote about this battle in great detail. But never out of place. In 3 days of fighting, Alymkul lost about 2000 killed. After the battle, I was very sad and thoughtful. There were only about 100 of them, what would happen if there were 1000 Russians ... Victories in the SA were not always easy, but there were cases when the Russians defeated the hordes at a force ratio of 1 to 150, and this is not fiction and not an isolated case, though not always tolerant and pleasant to all.
  9. Kirill Popov
    Kirill Popov 24 December 2017 20: 23 New
    +2
    And all the lovers of love, not like now))
    1. 97110
      97110 25 December 2017 17: 30 New
      +2
      Quote: Kirill Popov
      And all the lovers of love, not like now))

      The high foreheads of husbands are striking. And as for the beards ... In 1980, in Zaonezhie, the guide, talking about wooden architecture, referred to the popular proverb: "A hut without a graveyard, that a man without a beard." I remember it, because by that time I had been wearing a beard for 5 years.
  10. Weyland
    Weyland 24 December 2017 21: 02 New
    +5
    In the wide steppe under Icahn
    We were surrounded by angry Kokandets,
    and three days with basurman
    We had a bloody battle

    Amazing fate of the song - 30 years later, the miners put the song “Beeps alarming ..”, after half a century they remade the miner's song to the famous “tanks rumbled across the field ...”
  11. Lexus
    Lexus 24 December 2017 21: 52 New
    +4
    "To fight not by numbers, but by skill." A.V. Suvorov

    With all the ambiguous attitude towards the Cossacks, in this case they learned the lesson of the GREAT SECURITY COMMANDER.
  12. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 28 December 2017 00: 08 New
    +1
    A great example of the confrontation between professional soldiers and an armed crowd of forcibly recruited.
  13. infantry76
    infantry76 20 July 2018 09: 44 New
    0
    ETERNAL MEMORY AND GLORY TO RUSSIAN WARRIORS! And it doesn’t matter when they performed their deeds - in the past or present tense. The main thing is fidelity to Faith, Motherland, Oath, Battle Banner and military fraternity!
    I have the honor! soldier