Military Review

How floated the fastest submarine in the world

34
21 December The Russian Navy marks the launch date of the world's first nuclear submarine with the K-222 titanium hull of the 661 Anchar project, which has become the fastest in the world, according to the Department of Information and Mass Communications of the Russian Defense Ministry


It was on this day of 1968 that the world's first nuclear-powered submarine with a titanium hull was launched at the SEVMASH plant in Severodvinsk, and on December 31 1969 the Naval Flag was raised on it, and it entered service
- said in a statement.

How floated the fastest submarine in the world


Work on the creation of a new generation submarine was launched in December 1959 in TsKB-16 (now the Malakhit SPMM). N.NN was appointed her first chief designer. Isanin, later on this post he was replaced - N.F. Shulzhenko. In total, 400 defense enterprises were involved in the creation of this submarine.

18 December 1970 The boat showed a sensational speed in the 44,7 node (over 80 km / h) on the measured mile underwater - this record has not yet been surpassed.

In the fall of 1971, the K-222 went into service in the Atlantic and, thanks to its unrivaled fast speed, easily pursued a US attack aircraft carrier from the Greenland Sea to the Brazil Basin. Racing on the Atlantic lasted two and a half months, during this time, “Anchar” surfaced once.

The submarine was armed with P-70 Amethyst cruise missiles and performed missions as part of the Northern fleet. At different times, she was based in Zapadnaya Litsa and Vidyaevo. In 1984, it was decommissioned, in 1989 it was expelled from the fleet.

According to modern scientists and shipbuilders, the Anchar project was an extremely expensive experiment in stories submarine shipbuilding, but unique design solutions introduced during the creation of this submarine formed the basis of the first mass series of Soviet nuclear submarines with anti-ship missiles of the submarine launch - the 670 project (“Skat”) with the Amethyst complex and the 670 M project (Chaika ") With the new Malachite P-120 complex.
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
34 comments
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  1. Yoshi
    Yoshi 21 December 2017 12: 20 New
    15
    This glorious achievement of domestic shipbuilding has been seen throughout the world. The reaction was wonderful!
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 21 December 2017 12: 26 New
      10
      Yes, there were people in our time,
      Not that the current tribe.
      Heroes, not you! hi
    2. Grandfather
      Grandfather 21 December 2017 12: 27 New
      11
      In the fall of 1971, the K-222 went into service in the Atlantic and, thanks to its unrivaled fast speed, easily pursued a US attack aircraft carrier from the Greenland Sea to the Brazil Basin. Racing on the Atlantic lasted two and a half months, during this time, “Anchar” surfaced once.
      We burned our ... Great Country, Great Acts ... I would like the Americans to shudder again from the information that ours are at sea. soldier
      1. Burbon
        Burbon 21 December 2017 12: 31 New
        +1
        Quote: Dead Day
        Burned our ... Great Country, Great Acts ..

        you have to live in the present and the future ..... and the past is just to remember!
        1. Grandfather
          Grandfather 21 December 2017 12: 32 New
          +8
          Quote: Burbon
          .a past just remember!

          not to remember, but to Remember.
          1. LSA57
            LSA57 21 December 2017 13: 10 New
            +4
            Quote: Dead Day
            not to remember, but to Remember.

            and do not forget
        2. rotmistr60
          rotmistr60 21 December 2017 12: 36 New
          +2
          and just remember the past!
          If the past is “just remembered,” then what will be the future?
          1. LSA57
            LSA57 21 December 2017 17: 14 New
            +1
            +
            Quote: rotmistr60
            and just remember the past!
            If the past is “just remembered,” then what will be the future?

            Yes, did not pass recall. in positive
  2. demo
    demo 21 December 2017 12: 29 New
    10
    Impressed with the year -1969!
    I was only 6 years old. And I went to 1st grade.
    Here was a country. Here are the people.
    Nobody in the world boiled titanium, and we are ahead of the rest.
    And they made a boat of titanium.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 21 December 2017 12: 34 New
      +8
      Quote: demo
      Nobody in the world boiled titanium, and we are ahead of the rest.
      And they made a boat of titanium.

      and then the Democrats came, and we got shovels of titanium ...
    2. LSA57
      LSA57 21 December 2017 17: 16 New
      +1
      you already in the first class titanium cooked? well tada .... hi
      well joked smile
      Well, let's drinks
  3. Vitas
    Vitas 21 December 2017 12: 31 New
    12
    After the test at the native berths, those who met with difficulty recognized the submarine. Her body has become different. All the paint flew off, the entire titanium case was polished with water, even the welds were smoothed out.

    Formula 1 in the Navy.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 21 December 2017 12: 33 New
      12
      44,7 knots under water! This is not a cat you spit! hi
  4. Vitas
    Vitas 21 December 2017 12: 35 New
    0
    Quote: Uncle Lee
    44,7 knots under water! This is not a cat you spit! hi

    And in the surface should faster, in theory?
    1. seregatara1969
      seregatara1969 21 December 2017 12: 52 New
      +3
      no, it’s slightly quieter above the water! but not one US destroyer did not leave her
    2. annodomene
      annodomene 21 December 2017 13: 49 New
      +6
      In the surface position, the speed is less. This is due to the flow around the hull and the stern gland device.
      1. Midshipman
        Midshipman 21 December 2017 16: 13 New
        +3
        For all submarines, the low surface speed is due to the low pressure on the blades, with increasing speed, cavitation begins.
        1. annodomene
          annodomene 22 December 2017 07: 35 New
          +3
          Due to the pressure difference on the upper and lower rotor blades in the NP, an alternating resultant of forces is obtained that is directed along the axis of the GrV, hence the cyclic loads on the DW, which is very “no load”.
    3. UVB
      UVB 21 December 2017 15: 16 New
      +1
      Quote: Vitas
      And in the surface should faster, in theory?
      In the surface position, almost all submarines had a higher speed from the very first to the end of World War II. This is due to the fact that under water the boats went under the batteries, and most importantly, with the shape of the hull. The boats were actually not diving, but diving.
  5. Lexus
    Lexus 21 December 2017 12: 36 New
    +5
    Recently, state awards were awarded for its disposal ... Each time has its own holidays.
    1. annodomene
      annodomene 21 December 2017 13: 50 New
      +7
      In 2011, in Severodvinsk, I felt with my hands the cut-off PR from this ship. ALL hinged hatches worked and everything turned literally "with one finger."
      1. Berkut154
        Berkut154 21 December 2017 14: 49 New
        +2
        Yes, she stood by Nakhimov. I wanted to go see, but failed ..
        1. annodomene
          annodomene 22 December 2017 07: 37 New
          +5
          I meant the Zvezdochka, it was there that the cut-off OR with K-222 stood. A sad sight, another bright element of the era has gone ...
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 21 December 2017 21: 51 New
      +9
      Quote: lexus
      Each time has its own holidays.

      Correctly noticed ... The main thing - in essence. But Anchar -
      boat of his time. I had a chance to talk with the crew officers ... It was amazing that everyone said that at maximum speed inside the PC, the buzz was like on a jet liner during take-off. There is no need to talk about secrecy, but you still can’t escape from Orion ... Mk-48.5 runs at a speed of 60 knots ... Under such conditions, it is better to dive deeper into the race layer and max swing. low-noise stomp in RBD.
      Today, there is no longer the 2 shaft scheme, they are moving away from the MCP, GTZA ... and titanium alloys are being replaced by non-magnetic high-strength ship materials ... with a yield strength of more than 100 kg / mm sq.
      Let's see what will be implemented on Husky from the know-how of recent years.
      But for its time, it was certainly a technical victory for Soviet shipbuilding.
      IMHO.
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 21 December 2017 22: 04 New
        +3
        Mythic ship. It could have been preserved as a museum exhibit in order to educate children by men. Yes, and adults would be interested. Now it is customary to be proud of grandmothers and tsatskis, but I want something really worthwhile. In the same states and Britain, ships and boats stand, like museums, for centuries, in almost every coastal city.

        HMS Warrior Permanently Parked in Portsmouth
  6. san4es
    san4es 21 December 2017 12: 36 New
    +8
    K-222 of the project 661 "Anchar"
    Chronicle of the times of the USSR soldier
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 21 December 2017 14: 00 New
      +4
      Yes, that's her. Beauty, "Goldfish", "head-spinning" "Saratoga" with the "environment".
  7. Sergey53
    Sergey53 21 December 2017 12: 40 New
    +3
    She was decades ahead of her time. Not without a problem, of course, but a BOAT with a capital letter. ENGINEERS OF THE GOOD, honor to them and praise.
  8. Laksamana besar
    Laksamana besar 21 December 2017 13: 23 New
    +1
    They called it the "Goldfish", two billion rubles at the 1968 exchange rate of the year.
  9. groks
    groks 21 December 2017 14: 29 New
    +4
    It seems at 88 my father-in-law arranged an excursion to the Kommunarsky metallurgical. I remember the monument to Kliment Efremovich on the territory of the plant. And I remember the “sandwiches” titanium-steel-titanium measuring some 5x2 meters. The workers were most proud of this - so then no one knew how, except for them and not the fact that they know how now.
  10. Popovich
    Popovich 21 December 2017 20: 41 New
    +1
    According to the assessment of modern scientists ... - they can only evaluate what the rest of the problem is ...
  11. Peter Akhromov
    Peter Akhromov 22 December 2017 01: 25 New
    0
    The main reason for the existence of pl is secrecy. But why do we need such a pl, if the last limit in the aquatic environment, these 3 nodes nullify everything ??? And by what means is this achieved.

    The record is not exceeded, probably because it is not so much necessary.
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 22 December 2017 23: 05 New
      +1
      The torpedo has less speed.

      Therefore, there was no need to hide either.

      And the cost of the first unit is high, so the second would go 10 times cheaper.
      In the USSR, the loot was not stolen. There was no surplus value.

      The cost of the first unit is the cost of research and development.
  12. Lyton
    Lyton 22 December 2017 04: 50 New
    +2
    Quote: Peter Akhromov
    The main reason for the existence of pl is secrecy. But why do we need such a pl, if the last limit in the aquatic environment, these 3 nodes nullify everything ??? And by what means is this achieved.

    The record is not exceeded, probably because it is not so much necessary.

    But then lieutenant Rzhevsky came and dismissed everything, Peter had such a time, to catch up and overtake, but your opinion is important, write, at that time people did not understand much, just like that, two lard rubles were thrown into the wind, then I was five years old, with these people and what they have done is proud to this day.
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