The place of the alleged crash of the aircraft, which was piloted by Leonid Khrushchev, was studied thoroughly - even local partisans were attracted. But neither the wreckage of the aircraft, nor the body of the pilot was found. Leonid Nikitovich Khrushchev went missing. The fate of the son of the future Soviet leader is still unknown. The official version says that he was captured and killed in the German camp - like the son of Joseph Stalin, Jacob Dzhugashvili. If this was indeed the case, then it explains a lot - including the fact why neither Leonid Khrushchev’s plane nor the body were found.
Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, the future General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, was married three times in his life. The first time he married in 1914 year, another twenty years old young men - a mechanic mine. His wife was Efrosinya Ivanovna Pisareva, who bore two children to Nikita Khrushchev - daughter Julia in the 1916 year and son Leonid in the 1917 year. In 1920, Euphrosyne died of typhoid. Young Khrushchev was left with two children, but in 1922 he married a certain Marus, a single mother. With her, Nikita Sergeevich did not live much and already in 1924, he played a wedding with Nina Kukharchuk, who became his companion for the rest of his life. Thus, Leonid Nikitovich Khrushchev was the son of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev from his first marriage. He was born 10 in November 1917, in Yuzovka, where Nikita Sergeevich lived and worked at that time.
Nikita Khrushchev's career has rapidly gone uphill since the beginning of the 1930s. If in 1922, Nikita was still a modest student in the workers' school, in 1929, he entered the Industrial Academy and was elected secretary of the party committee. In 1931, 36-year-old Nikita Khrushchev became the first secretary of the Baumansky District Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the city of Moscow - a colossal position for yesterday's provincial party leader. By this time, Leonid Khrushchev was almost fourteen years old. It is now the son of the prefect of any metropolitan area waiting for a cloudless future in an elite university - Russian or foreign, and then a successful business or a quick career in government. Then, in the 1930s, there were slightly different orders. Leonid Khrushchev, after studying at the school for working youth, went to work at the plant. Apparently, like his father, Lenya Khrushchev was “young and early” - by the 18 years he had already been twice married. The first wife was Rosa Treivas, but Leonid broke up with her quickly - under pressure from Nikita. Married to the second wife of Esther Naumovna Etinger, 17-year-old Leonid Khrushchev had a son, Yuri Leonidovich (1935-2003).
“The first thing is airplanes, but then the girls” - it was sung in the popular Soviet song of those years. But Leonid Khrushchev had girls a little earlier than airplanes. In 1935, 20-year-old Leonid entered the Balashov Civil Aviation Pilot School fleet, which he graduated in 1937 and began to work as an instructor pilot. In 1939, Leonid voluntarily asked for the Red Army and was enrolled in the preparatory course of the command faculty of the Air Force Academy. Zhukovsky, but did not study at the academy, limiting himself to graduating from the Engels Military Aviation School in 1940. When the Soviet-Finnish war began, Leonid Khrushchev asked to the front.
Pilot young officer was courageous. He made more than thirty combat sorties, flew an Ar-2 aircraft, participated in the bombardments of the Mannerheim line. Naturally, when the Great Patriotic War began, Leonid Khrushchev went to the front. He fought from the beginning of July on the 1941 of the year - as part of the 134-th Bomber Aviation Regiment, which was part of the 46-th Air Division. Already in the summer of 1941, Khrushchev Jr. made 12 combat missions and was presented to the Order of the Red Banner.
On July 27, 1941, Leonid Khrushchev’s plane was shot down near the Isocha station. The pilot barely managed to fly to the front line and landed in the neutral zone, seriously injuring his leg when landing. For almost a year, Leonid was out of order. Leonid's health was sent to Kuibyshev. After severe injuries, another combat Soviet pilot from a high-ranking family, Stepan Mikoyan, son of the USSR People’s Commissar for Foreign Trade Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan, was treated there. Leonid Khrushchev and Stepan Mikoyan became friends. In February 1942, Leonid Khrushchev finally found the award. Senior pilot of the 134th Bomber Aviation Regiment, Lieutenant Khrushchev was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for 27 sorties and German bombing tanks, artillery and crossing in the Desna area.
It was at the time when Leonid Khrushchev was in the rear that the first strange история, the reliability of which is unknown so far. The fact that Stepan Mikoyan, Leonid’s close friend, and Rada Ajubey, Nikita Sergeevich’s daughter from his third marriage and Leonid's half-sister, spoke about it in favor of the veracity of this story. Allegedly, undergoing restoration in the rear, Leonid Khrushchev, like many soldiers and officers awaiting their return to the front, whiled away the time in drunken feasts. On one of these evenings, he was amused by shooting in a bottle and, through carelessness, he shot one of his drinking companions - a military sailor. Leonid Khrushchev was arrested and 8 was given years - with serving at the front. It was inappropriate to send a decent combat pilot, order bearer, and even the son of the first secretary of the CP (b) Ukr. SSR to the camp. Leonid, who had not yet fully departed from injury, was sent to the front and enrolled in the 18 Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment - the same one that included the French pilots Normandie-Neman. Again, we note that this is an unofficial version that some sources do not share.
Be that as it may, in December 1942, Leonid Khrushchev was again at the front. He managed to complete 28 training and 6 combat missions, to participate in 2 air battles, before 11 March 1943 disappeared. After a month and a half of unsuccessful searches, the name of Leonid Khrushchev was excluded from the lists of the military unit, and in June 1943 of the year he was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree. Further very interesting events begin. It would seem that the family of the deceased war hero, and even the son of the main communist of Ukraine, should have bathed in honors.
But, soon after the tragedy that occurred with Leonid Khrushchev, his wife, Lyubov Sizykh, was arrested. Nobody was even embarrassed by the fact that the widow of the deceased pilot had a daughter from Leonid - for that period three-year-old Yulia L. Khrushcheva. Nikita Sergeevich could not or did not want to protect his daughter-in-law. Love Sizykh was accused of espionage and sent to the camp for five years. She served the term “from bell to bell”, and after the camp, in 1948, she was left in exile in Kazakhstan and finally released from prison only in 1956, having spent 13 years in prisons and exile. What was it and why did the widow of the hero and the mother of his little daughter do this? Was Love Sizykh really a spy, a traitor to the Motherland? But what data could it have to do with? And why was she not pardoned if only for the sake of her husband’s memory and for the sake of her daughter?
Vadim Nikolaevich Udilov served in state security for nearly forty years, completing his service as a major general and deputy chief of one of the directorates of the KGB of the USSR. Another 17 February 1998 of the year was an article with his memories, in which the former counterintelligence told a very interesting version of the "death" of Leonid Khrushchev. Allegedly, Leonid Khrushchev flew to the other side of the front and surrendered to the Germans. The pilot quickly persuaded to cooperate. On the escape of Leonid became known in Moscow. Soon, a special group SMERSH conducted a brilliant operation to capture Leonid. He was brought to Moscow. Nikita Khrushchev came to the capital urgently from the front. He ran to the reception personally to Joseph Stalin.
According to the memoirs of another senior KGB officer, General Mikhail Dokuchaev, who served as deputy head of the 9-th Main Directorate of the KGB of the USSR, who was guarding the first persons of the state, Stalin Nikita made a real tantrum - with tears in his eyes begged not to shoot his son. But Joseph Vissarionovich was adamant. It was possible to close my eyes to drunken shooting in Kuibyshev and to give an opportunity to atone for the blood at the front. But betrayal is too much. Leonid Nikitovich Khrushchev was shot. Again, this is only one of the versions of the death of Nikita Sergeevich's son.
But, if everything was as it was told later by veterans of the security agencies, then much in subsequent events becomes clear. Then there are no questions for the arrest of Lyubov Sizykh - she was convicted as the wife of a traitor to the Motherland and given only five years in the camps (by the way, if Love really was a spy, in wartime it would have received a much longer term or death penalty). For obvious reasons, he did not intervene for Lyubov Sizykh and Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev. Moreover, he distanced himself as much as possible from her and even released Love from exile only in 1956 — by this time Khrushchev had been in charge of the Soviet state for the third year, what cost him the release of his former daughter-in-law and his granddaughter's mother? True, the daughter of Leonid and Lyubov Yulia Nikita Sergeevich nevertheless adopted.
According to the version of the betrayal of Leonid Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich very hard experienced the execution of his eldest son. Although he himself miraculously remained in leadership, at that time any infiltration of information that the son of the first secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine had betrayed their homeland would seriously discredit the Soviet power, Khrushchev would keep a grudge against Joseph Stalin all his life. Nikita Sergeyevich's hatred of Stalin, if you accept this version, was not political, but personal. The all-powerful leader of the Soviet state and the Communist Party turned into a personal enemy for Khrushchev — he could not forgive the death of his son.
If this is so, then the reasons for the harsh criticism that Nikita Khrushchev brought down the late Stalin from the rostrum of the 20th CPSU Congress were understandable. It turns out that the de-Stalinization of the Soviet state had personal reasons. Of course, it was beneficial for both Soviet dissidents and the West to view de-Stalinization as an “objective process,” which, they say, even Soviet leaders understood the “criminal nature of the Stalin regime.” For the same reason, the details of the true fate of Leonid Nikitovich Khrushchev were kept in deep secret. It was extremely unprofitable to present the son of Nikita Khrushchev a traitor, as this would cast a shadow on the very de-Stalinization - that Nikita was guided by personal motives, starting criticism of the Stalinist system.
On the other hand, there is no real evidence in favor of the version of Leonid Nikitovich Khrushchev’s betrayal. Counter Uduilov himself said that all the documents that could tell about it were diligently destroyed in Soviet times. In addition, many contemporaries of Leonid Khrushchev still adhered to the version that Senior Lieutenant Khrushchev died in German captivity. Of course, the capture of a Soviet officer, according to the dominant ideology did not paint, but it is not a betrayal. Especially, if in the end Leonid was indeed killed by the Nazis.
Julia Leonidovna Khrushchev, the daughter of Leonid, already in our time - in 2006-2008. - has repeatedly filed lawsuits against Channel One. The fact is that back in 2006, the movie “Star of the Epoch” was shown on television, which presented a version of Leonid Khrushchev’s betrayal. This angered Yulia Leonidovna and she demanded to compensate her for moral damage, but all the courts dismissed the claims of the granddaughter of the Soviet Secretary General. Some observers have argued that the memory of Leonid Khrushchev is slandered on purpose — now, they say, reformers are not in fashion, but the authorities want to rehabilitate tough methods and an authoritarian management style. Other analysts are less categorical - to whom now, after 70 and more, is up to the fate of the future son of the future Soviet secretary-general, who died young. It is no longer possible to assert either the correctness of this version or its fallacy. Together with the Soviet era, many of its secrets are gone.
8 June 2017 of the year in 10: 35 on the stretch of stations "Solnechnaya" - "Vnukovo" electric train "Vnukovo - Moscow" killed an elderly woman, crossing the railway tracks in the wrong place. The police established the identity of the deceased — it was Yuliya L. Khrushchev, 77-year-old, Leonid Khrushchev’s daughter, and Nikita Sergeevich’s adoptive daughter.