Military Review

More "sleeping" agents work in the West today than during the Cold War

33
London - Perhaps there are more sleeping agents in the United Kingdom and in the United States today than during the Cold War, as stated by Victor Madeira, senior researcher at the Institute for Statecraft and an expert on Russia, who told parliament about Russia's secret intervention in the UK.




In his affidavit, which he gave to the defense committee of the House of Commons, Madeira described in detail the resources that Russia uses in its attempts to influence the British, Europeans and Americans.

The main point of his testimony was that the number of agents of the Russian intelligence services far exceeds the number of their colleagues in the United Kingdom. However, Madeira also focused on the activities of the Russian General Intelligence Directorate and its operations with the participation of so-called illegal or dormant agents, who at first glance live in the United States and Great Britain in a completely normal life - until Moscow contacts them.

“The GRU has been implementing“ illegal agents ”for a long time. These carefully selected intelligence officers live abroad according to their “legends,” that is, elaborate fake identities with fake stories life (sometimes they live like that for decades), which allows these agents to fully assimilate. ”

“Currently, British counterintelligence has a lot less resources, while citizens of the former Warsaw Pact countries can easily travel to NATO member countries. This becomes a particularly serious problem if the intelligence officer uses "natural cover" (that is, self, which is sometimes called "unofficial cover"). Some banker or travel agent may actually be a banker or travel agent, but they may well be intelligence officers or illegal agents (in the latter case, they can do it voluntarily or under duress). Since such people do not maintain any traceable links with the intelligence services of a hostile power, they are much more difficult to calculate, monitor, or counteract. That is why they are so valuable. ”

“Illegal agents are the most valuable intelligence resources,” said Madeira, author of Britannia and the Bear, a story about the espionage of these two countries.

“Despite the end of the Cold War in 1989-1991, the long-term Russian programs for the introduction of illegal agents continued to operate. These programs still remain as strategically important, long-term, resource-intensive and valuable as before, and they are based on one goal: to introduce Russian agents into foreign governments and societies, regardless of the current state of relations between East and West ”, - Madeira said in an interview with Business Insider.

Anna Chapman - spy who worked at Barclays

Perhaps one of the most famous “sleeping agents” was Anna Chapman, who was arrested and deported from the United States along with nine other agents in 2010.

When Chapman (her real name, Anna Kuschenko) was arrested, the media took this event as a joke: Chapman was not involved in any serious espionage operation.

She received British citizenship by marrying a British citizen whom she met at one of the parties. She lived in London for at least five years, from 2001 to 2006 a year, and worked on NetJets and Barclays. She then moved to the USA. Some believed that Chapman was part of a group of Soviet agents, whom the Russians had forgotten after the fall of the wall. Later, her story was the basis of the television series "Americans" with Keri Russell (Keri Russell) in the title role. It tells about a couple of two KGB agents who live in a suburb of Washington.

Today, almost nothing is known about the scale of the Russian program of “illegal agents” - besides the fact that Chapman’s arrest confirmed that she continued to work successfully in 2010. However, we know a lot since the days of the Cold War, when Western counterintelligence took the Russian threat more seriously.

In the middle of 1980, according to expert estimates, the First Main Directorate of the KGB supervised the activities of 200 "secret agents", and the GRU - still 150.

Today, the number of “undercover agents” working undercover in the West is much higher.

“Personally, I am convinced that today these numbers are much higher,” Madeira said in an interview with Business Insider.

The reason is that Russian state security agencies tend to think for decades or generations, not years. The end of the Cold War allowed Russians to easily travel to Western countries, and the successor agencies to the KGB found it a good opportunity in the long run.

Spies no longer had to make grueling journeys from Moscow through Asia or the Middle East, changing passports several times to eventually arrive in Europe. Meanwhile, the desire of the United Kingdom to invest in counterintelligence has gradually decreased, since we entered into a long period of peace that followed the collapse of the USSR.

All this greatly simplified the work of illegal agents. Now they can get on the plane to Heathrow airport and disappear without a trace by the afternoon.

Control “C”: the preparation process may take several years

The spy group Chapman was led by the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (there are several intelligence agencies in Russia). The SVR was previously a department of the KGB. Inside the NER, there is a mysterious administration “C”, which recruits, trains and manages the activities of illegal immigrants.

This process can take several decades, and some illegal immigrants go to the West along with their wives and husbands, while their adult children remain in Russia as semi-free “hostages”, guaranteeing unquestioning execution of orders. The story of how things are happening was published in 1984 by Viktor Suvorov, a GRU agent who went over to the United Kingdom in 1978. It all starts with the fact that the future illegal immigrants are settled in a secret dacha outside Moscow, where everything looks exactly as it would in the West:

“He wears clothes and shoes, eats food, even smokes cigarettes and uses razor blades made abroad. Each room has a tape recorder that runs 24 an hour a day while he is in the country. These tape recorders continuously transmit news from radio programs broadcast in the destination country. From the very first day of preparation, he has been supplied with many newspapers and magazines. He watches a lot of movies and gets acquainted with the descriptions of television programs.

Instructors - mostly former illegal immigrants - read the same newspapers and listen to the same radio programs. They constantly ask their students all sorts of difficult questions about what they have read. It is quite obvious that after several years of such preparation, the future illegal will know by heart the composition of any football team, the opening hours of any restaurant and nightclub, weather forecasts and everything related to the area of ​​gossip and current affairs in a country where he has never been in his life. ” .

They become ordinary citizens leading the most ordinary life.

The most curious thing about the program of illegal immigrants is that when they are activated, they do not turn into characters from the novels of Le Carrés. They are not being introduced into MI6 or the CIA and do not begin to transmit secret information to Moscow. They become ordinary citizens leading the most ordinary life.

The most obvious question is why should Russians put so much effort? But for them the opportunity to settle their agents in another country is already an end in itself. Only after that they begin to try to conduct espionage activities.

“Cases where illegal Russian intelligence officers personally infiltrated foreign governments were generally quite a rarity. No matter how high the legends of illegal immigrants are, no matter how well they are suitable for ordinary life, not a single “first generation illegal” would be able to pass a security test (I hope I would), ”Madeira said.

“The role of the illegal intelligence officer is to remain invisible to counterintelligence services and at the same time recruit people / agents / sources who either have access to valuable information or can potentially receive such access,” he added.

“These people / agents / sources are those who work in government departments, corporations, NGOs, the media, academia and so on.”

Suvorov wrote about it very well:

“After arriving in the destination country, the illegal begins to go through the registration process. It is supplied with impeccable documents, made by the best masters of forgery in the GRU on real forms. At the same time, he will be in an extremely vulnerable position if he fails to properly register with the police and tax services. Any check can give him away, and for this reason he often changes his place of residence and work, so that his name appears on the lists of many companies and that he has characteristics signed by real people. Ideal for him - under any pretext to get new documents to the police. Often such people marry other agents (who are often already their spouses), then she is given a real country passport, and he “loses” his fake passport, which is replaced with a real one on the basis of his wife’s documents. The acquisition of a driver's license, credit cards, membership cards of various clubs and associations is an important element of the "legalization" of illegal ".

According to Madeira, they often steal the names of dead children. “One of their favorite tricks is to walk through western cemeteries, find a dead child who died at a very young age, take his name for him, and if everything works as it should, they get a fake“ legend. ” Later, he gradually acquires a life story, a foreign passport, and begins to speak in a foreign language without any accent. ”

In addition to NetJets and Barclays, Chapman also owned a small real estate agency in New York.

The goal is to start with the outer circles of influence and gradually create a network that extends to the very top. According to Madeira, illegal immigrants become "travel agents, employees of think tanks, students."

“But they are united by the fact that all of them are gradually trying to find ways, through work or through acquaintances, to get to the centers of power, to politicians, special advisers, people who are related to the decision-making process, and to people who are able to influence. A well-off person who sponsors the party ... Perhaps they studied with the senator, perhaps they studied with a member of parliament. ”

Sometimes they choose political assassination victims.

The worst side of all this is that they are really capable of doing this if Russia gives such an order. Some illegal immigrants are used to identify victims of political assassinations. When the conflict broke out on the Russian-Ukrainian border, according to Madeira, high-ranking Ukrainian security experts began to die one by one. The last such attempt was made in October.

"They determine which of the experts must be killed ... The confusion of the enemy is already a half-won battle." According to Madeira, their victims were "high-ranking officers of the armed forces and counterintelligence." "The victims for the murder were chosen very carefully."

Political assassinations work because "at least they have a demoralizing effect." “At best, this accumulates knowledge and contacts over the years, which disappear in an instant,” Madeira explained.

“The media underestimate how long and continuous these Russian programs are.”
Author:
Originator:
http://www.businessinsider.com/illegals-of-directorate-s-russia-undercover-covert-sleeper-agents-2017-12
33 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Same lech
    Same lech 15 December 2017 05: 55 New
    11
    “Illegal agents are the most valuable intelligence resources,” concluded Madeira, author of Great Britain and the Bear.

    Absolutely right...
    if I were illegal, I would just as Madeira would publish a book about the subversive activities of illegal intelligence ... try to suspect me ... I'm clean like a baby's tear.
    In the place of MI-6 specialists, I would question this MADEIRA with an addiction ... I’m sure after an hour of intensive interrogation with special equipment will sing ... tell everyone what kind of friend Putin is and how much vodka he drank with him in the Krasnoyarsk taiga.
    1. insular
      insular 15 December 2017 07: 10 New
      +7
      Quote: The same Lech
      If MI-6 specialists were in place, I would question this Madeira with an addiction

      Exactly, the Russians are coming! What is worth Rodchenkov? Ideal illegal agent wassat laughing
    2. max702
      max702 15 December 2017 11: 33 New
      +2
      It seems to me alone that we are seeing the start of the next stage after the seizure of accounts and the seizure of a business with a real estate? Now they took up the defendants directly, namely those who could not live in the hated rashka and fled to the West, dear to their hearts .. They will declare Putin an agent and wring everything that is hard work, and the defendant to the camp. This was already the case with the Japanese population in the USA during the Second World War .. Yes, and Berezovsky’s fate directly speaks about this .. So it will not be hard for everyone who came in large numbers .. And to be honest, I’m very happy about it ..
      1. S-kerrigan
        S-kerrigan 18 December 2017 08: 52 New
        0
        And to be honest, I am very happy about this ..

        And I, honestly again, on the contrary, are not happy.
        A better future for all of us when there are fewer obstacles.
        I’ll expand the thought - as long as on the whole the citizens of the USSR didn’t live “there”, did not know their very “life”, these very citizens were vulnerable. At this point and made a number of methodical strikes. The country was broken one way or another.
        Further, if people who do not have enough CIS will not be able to leave safely, then even more dissatisfaction will ripen in the CIS itself. Does it really need local? Why should those who want to leave, instead of seeing contemptible persons. And for those who remain - will they be pleased that there will be even more “gadnometiks” next to them?

        In short, I'm really not happy about that.
      2. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB 19 December 2017 21: 29 New
        0
        Quote: max702
        hated rashka

        And they banned me for such a turn recourse
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 15 December 2017 05: 57 New
    +6
    They were afraid that the Red Chapel would be reborn at the hour of X! Let them be afraid, the dream will be restless, nervous, with nightmares!
  3. Knowing
    Knowing 15 December 2017 06: 01 New
    +3
    belay It’s bad, it’s bad that Vladimir Bogdanovich Rezun (Suvorov), sentenced in absentia in the USSR to death, is still ranting with someone else ... The flaw in our "sleeping" ... We need to fix it. repeat
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 15 December 2017 06: 38 New
      +8
      Deficiency of our "sleeping" ... It would be necessary to fix it. feel

      Rezun-Suvorov ...

      Are you shooting a sleeping agent ...
      his legend is perfect ... a traitor to the people ... no one would ever suspect him of working for PUTIN.
      1. Knowing
        Knowing 15 December 2017 07: 14 New
        0
        Quote: The same Lech
        Are you shooting a sleeping agent ...
        his legend is perfect ... a traitor to the people

        He wouldn’t write manuals for counterintelligence of the Britons.
        1. insular
          insular 15 December 2017 07: 17 New
          0
          Quote: Knowing
          He wouldn’t write manuals for counterintelligence of the Britons.

          Do you think that the enemy’s misinformation and hysteria is an obsolete method of confrontation?
        2. Same lech
          Same lech 15 December 2017 07: 18 New
          0
          He wouldn’t write manuals for counterintelligence of the Britons.


          smile The more valuable the agent ...
          British intelligence works well without RESOURCES.
          Rezun spent slag for them ... he will not say anything new to MI-6 and to us either.
          Now our intelligence after numerous failures has changed beyond recognition ...
          those who can read between the lines in the media and compare events and facts see it perfectly.
      2. lukewarm
        lukewarm 15 December 2017 11: 10 New
        0
        Yes, it’s already shone through and the old
  4. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 15 December 2017 06: 48 New
    +2
    Quote: The same Lech
    According to Madeira, they often steal the names of dead children.

    I was more pleased with the quote; -According to Madeira, they often steal the names of dead children. Some monsters live right in Russia. How can you not remember Zadornov here?
  5. HEATHER
    HEATHER 15 December 2017 07: 33 New
    0
    an expert on Russia, who told Parliament about Russia's secret interference in British affairs. Something "experts" spread out like frogs in a swamp. And whom to believe? request According to Madeira, illegal immigrants become "travel agents, employees of think tanks, students." Oh, special! Our FSB is silently crying in the corner! am
  6. Old26
    Old26 15 December 2017 09: 46 New
    0
    Quote: Mar. Tira
    I was more pleased with the quote; -According to Madeira, they often steal the names of dead children. Some monsters live right in Russia. How can you not remember Zadornov here?

    By the way, I’m not hearing about this for the first time. For the initial verification, this sometimes passes. A certain James Martin Siberg is not invented, but a really existing character appears, with a real name, surname, etc. EMNIP at one time used this Konon Molody when he took the name of a Canadian citizen. How this is subsequently unknown, but this has had (or is) a place to be

    Quote: VERESK
    an expert on Russia, who told Parliament about Russia's secret interference in British affairs. Something "experts" spread out like frogs in a swamp. And whom to believe? request According to Madeira, illegal immigrants become "travel agents, employees of think tanks, students." Oh, special! Our FSB is silently crying in the corner! am

    Our FSB simply will not comment on this, even if it is 1000% true
  7. SIMM
    SIMM 15 December 2017 10: 27 New
    0
    And this is just the beginning!)
  8. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 15 December 2017 10: 33 New
    0
    is greatBritain, after leaving the EU, is puffing up and trying to mumble that it was not her fault, but a bunch of Russian agents who immediately corrected the British worldview. Himself not ashamed?
  9. Zefr
    Zefr 15 December 2017 10: 56 New
    0
    Maybe I don’t understand what ...
    How did this Madera find out if no spy students have yet been found? Horror! Spies carry out political killings! Help! Uhh. Are there proofs, Billy? Oh no. But do not hesitate, everything is exactly so, this terrible Russia has entangled everything with its spies, and we cannot catch a single one. And we don’t even know where they are. That's what they are insidious.
    Why is this article here?
  10. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 15 December 2017 11: 16 New
    0
    Cool. "Xpert" -immediately visible .... wink lol
  11. alatanas
    alatanas 15 December 2017 12: 08 New
    +1
    "Spy Passion" - there was such a cartoon in the 60's!
  12. iouris
    iouris 15 December 2017 12: 42 New
    0
    Abramovich is an agent. Is he sleeping too?
  13. NordUral
    NordUral 15 December 2017 14: 08 New
    0
    As always. Fluffy Britons and treacherous Russians.
  14. Old26
    Old26 15 December 2017 18: 57 New
    +1
    In principle, the author did not disclose anything top secret. This has always been done and is being done. Intelligence agencies have always tried to gain access to people traveling abroad and no matter whether it’s a Russian (Soviet person) traveling beyond the “hill” on official or other basis, or the same Englishman or someone who came to the USSR on business (Russia)
    Elimination (political killings) IMHO is not a matter of paramount importance right now, although there may not be another way out in a certain situation. Now it’s easier to discredit a person than to “shoot” him.
    In general, quite interesting books were published about British intelligence at one time, Five Centuries of Secret War, Secrets of the British Secret Service, and a number of others. Yes, in the last 10 years, there has been a lot of interesting things about our services. Both pre-revolutionary and post-revolutionary activities
  15. NF68
    NF68 15 December 2017 20: 25 New
    +2
    And the Siberian brown bears in the United States among the local grizzly did not accidentally settle down waiting for orders from the ubiquitous KGB and GRU? They are not capable of this.
  16. Wildfox
    Wildfox 16 December 2017 07: 54 New
    0
    Not the most interesting topic is presented to the British. Here are the double agents recruited by their specialists and misleading them, as well as methods for determining who the agent works for, here is a brain explosion))).
    The good news is that nothing is known about people directly involved in such operations, despite the "openness of the authorities to society", which means they work and work well.
    Take the same Bortnikov, generally empty of what he is busy at work. information from time to time about the fight against terror, werewolves, and the cleaning of the ranks will occasionally slip through. hi
  17. cannabis
    cannabis 16 December 2017 13: 00 New
    0
    At one time, I watched the Enigma film about how smart English people decrypted German codes. Although this whole story is similar to a hunting story, it led me to think about why our military counterintelligence began to be called Death to Spies (Smersh). The fact is that in the English detective literature the methods of work of the English counterintelligence were repeatedly mentioned. At the slightest suspicion of espionage, a person was simply killed. Without surveillance, investigation, interrogations, courts. Incidentally, the German intelligence officer Schellenberg also complained about this. So we live in the information field and the fashion for piccottini planks, carrying weapons with the barrel down, 8-wheeled armored personnel carriers and the execution of African recitative lines, the most vivid confirmation of this.
  18. Old26
    Old26 16 December 2017 16: 46 New
    0
    Quote: cunning
    At one time, I watched the Enigma film about how smart English people decrypted German codes. Although the whole story is like a hunting story,

    Alas, the operation associated with the Enigma was really akin to hunting stories. There were many accidents, but in total they gave this result, which turned out as a result.

    Quote: cunning
    The fact is that in the English detective literature the methods of work of the English counterintelligence were repeatedly mentioned. At the slightest suspicion of espionage, a person was simply killed. Without surveillance, investigation, interrogations, courts. Incidentally, the German intelligence officer Schellenberg also complained about this. So we live in the information field and the fashion for piccottini planks, carrying weapons with the barrel down, 8-wheeled armored personnel carriers and the execution of African recitative lines, the most vivid confirmation of this.

    IMHO nonsense. It turns out that someone suspected of espionage, so instead of revealing a possible network, the counterintelligence itself chopped off the ends by shooting without trial, investigation, interrogations? Something is sewn with white thread
  19. Doliva63
    Doliva63 16 December 2017 18: 20 New
    +4
    As I read about the current activities of the GRU, I understood: the author is a fighter with windmills, because there is no such office for a long time laughing Classmate was a resident in one neighboring country. As Putin went for a second or third term (I don’t remember already), they "asked." Cases were received by an employee of another "office".
  20. Brigadier
    Brigadier 18 December 2017 18: 13 New
    0
    Fear us Americans! laughing
  21. igorra
    igorra 18 December 2017 19: 10 New
    0
    Or maybe the agents are “sleeping” since the days of the Comintern? And when an agent sleeps with an agent, then then small agents appear, who grow up and also become agents. So fear the enemy.
  22. VladGashek
    VladGashek 18 December 2017 20: 09 New
    0
    Fantasy. To the author and his hero, Madeira (apparently the Portuguese island of the same name in the Atlantic). less need to read the opus of Jan Fleming and watch films based on his novels. A flight of thought will lead to an unknown destination and may end up with a throw into the unknown, as happened with Admiral Forestall and his cry "Russian tanks are coming."
  23. ccsr
    ccsr 18 December 2017 20: 45 New
    +5
    In the middle of 1980, according to expert estimates, the First Main Directorate of the KGB supervised the activities of 200 "secret agents", and the GRU - still 150.

    A very dubious statement, especially considering that only the first persons of the KGB and GRU could have such information, and they did not share data on the number of their agents with each other. So with the same success, you can put larger and smaller numbers - all the same, this will not reflect the true picture.
  24. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 18 December 2017 21: 24 New
    0
    Horrible!! O these sinister agents of the Russians! Well, it’s just that blood runs cold. True, I have already read and heard all this. But where? Do you know ...
    Do you know about British scientists? No, not about those funny discoveries of the habits of bumblebees that you just thought about. About the real British scientists. Professors, graduate students, associate professors ... Real figures of real science. And yet, they came up with all of these implementation methods (well, almost all). For yourself.
    British intelligence services were extremely effective because their modern technology was put by British science. And she, science, performed them. So they decided on the English campuses. And doctors, physicists, entomologists and anthropologists (there were nowhere to put samples on these generally) traveled around the world for scientific purposes. They also stole secrets and killed people, often in large numbers.
    An amazing and scary story - the story of intelligence ...