Military Review

"Pioneer" flies over the sea. The horizon is filled with blood

50



In any situation, they lost a significant part of the submarine missile carriers (SSBNs), up to two aircraft carrier groups, and lost the bulk of their fuel reserves for the Pacific fleet, docks for repairing aircraft carriers, thousands of military specialists and the only strategic submarine base in the Western Hemisphere.

Mat queen on the unprotected diagonal: the red starts and wins. “Pioneer” - the most powerful missile from the arsenal of Soviet naval weapons.

The last battle is over.
Hey, is anyone alive ?! -
In response, only the wind howl.


Nuclear fortress in Chukotka

In these forgotten lands, just in 200 km from the US, the Gudym (Magadan-11) missile base was located, the Portal on the local slang. Fully autonomous defensive structure, representing a two-kilometer tunnel drilled in the hill with a lot of deaf branches. Entrance doors at both ends of the tunnel had a mass of 40 tons and provided protection against a shock wave from a direct hit by the warhead.

The base was divided into parts with different levels of access. The movement of goods through the tunnels was carried out by electric trolleys on the narrow-gauge railway. In addition to the two main locks, there was another exit to the surface, representing the launching structure with a retractable roof (the so-called “Dome”).



Outside the main base, on the surface there were a number of geodesically adjusted and prepared launch sites with concreted approach routes for mobile missile systems.

Here, in constant combat readiness, there was a missile division - three mobile ground systems RSD-10 “Pioneer” with a two-stage medium-range solid-fuel rocket 15Ж45, according to the Western classification SS-20 Saber (“Saber”).

* * *

The rocket of the “Pioneer” complex had a split head with three blocks of individual guidance (power 150 kt) and had a range of 4500 km. The aiming system (INS) provided a circular probable deviation from the target within 500 m.

The transport and launch container with the rocket was located on the six-axle chassis of the MAZ-547В. Despite the considerable weight of the complex (the launch weight of the 37 rocket is tons), the all-wheel drive chassis (12х12) with the HP 650 diesel engine ensured sufficient mobility, maneuverability and speed up to 40 km / h on public roads.

For 15 years of operation, not a single case of a missile accident was noted. During the test, operation and elimination 190 “Pioneers” were shot. All launches are recognized as successful. The probability of hitting the target reached 98%.

SS-20 Saber - “Thunderstorm of Europe”, deployed in the western directions since 1976. The threat did not go unnoticed - in response, the “Pershing-2” missile complex (deployed in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1983 for the first time) arrived from overseas. A small deadly masterpiece by the Martin-Marietta company with a launch weight of 7 tons, equipped with a radar warhead.

Despite its phenomenal accuracy (CWO - 30 m!), The “Persings” did not reach Moscow, but they were able to “put up” in a matter of minutes the positions of the Strategic Missile Forces and command posts in the western districts. The technological level of “Pershing” went far beyond the capabilities of the military-industrial complex of the Soviet Union. It was impossible to provide an adequate response at the same level, and the Union proposed a plan for disarmament and the elimination of medium-range missiles (CIAS, signed by both parties in 1987).

“Persings” were destroyed on the stand by the method of static burning of both steps.

The Soviet “Pioneers” were shot and liquidated during launches in the Chita region, and later - by ground explosion without being extracted from the TPC.

By the spring of 1991, it was all over. Now sworn enemies stand and look at each other in the museum aviation and astronautics in Washington.

"Pioneer" flies over the sea. The horizon is filled with blood


The scandalous European “voyage” of the “Pioneer” complex, which nearly stood at the end of the world, hides another, little-known page in stories RSD-10.

Why were the three complexes sent to snow-covered Chukotka? In order to break the Kitsap naval base (aka Bangor) at “X” hour.

Bangor Trident Base

The object has existed since 1977. Now there are based eight (of the 14 being in service) American submarines of the Ohio class, each of which carries the Trident-24 2 SLBM. There are missile storage facilities, moorings with loading equipment and the SWFPAC complex for calibrating guidance systems and developing flight missions for the Tridents.

The only base of US strategic naval submarines in the Pacific.

In addition to the strategists, two submarine nuclear-powered ships with 156 cruise missiles (USS Michigan and USS Ohio) and the three most advanced multi-purpose submarines are officially registered in Bangor: the classmates of Sivulf and Connecticut and the submarine of special operations Carter.


Berth "Delta"


In the neighboring bays (Brementon, Everett) aircraft carrier ships “Nimitz” and “John Stennis” are moored with escort ships. In addition to the arsenal, the largest fuel storage facility of the fleet (“Manchester”) is located on the territory of the naval complex.

A large ship repair enterprise is also located here - an intermediate maintenance service “Padget Sound” with its collection of nuclear reactors (removed from 125 decommissioned cruisers and submarines) and the parking of the reserve fleet ships. “Padget Sound” is the only place in the western hemisphere where docking of atomic aircraft carriers is made.

A lot of destroyers, submarines and warships of other classes constantly “crowd” at the wall of the ship-repair enterprise. In the old days there were even more.

This is what the Kitsap Bay Bay naval complex in the northwestern United States is in and around Seattle.


In Google images, silhouettes of aircraft carriers and military transports — the main vehicle of the US Army on the Earth globe — are distinguishable.



Airborne assault group at the berth of the naval base Everett


The warships on this coast are seen from the end of the 19th century. But the place does not enjoy fame among sailors - it is too cold. Because most of the large surface ships are based in areas with a much more attractive climate (San Diego, Pearl Harbor, Norfolk, where snow is a rarity), which greatly simplifies the maintenance and operation of equipment.

In order not to stain the X-rays of the eternal Californian summer, nuclear submarines with nuclear weapons were driven north. There, where they happened to be under the gun of the medium range RK “Pioneer”.



instead of an epilogue

Nuclear weapon was shipped from Chukotka in 1986 year. For some time, the territory of the base “Magadan-11” was used for the storage of military property; The military finally abandoned the site in 2002.



Detailed photo report on the current state of the database: https://zavodfoto.livejournal.com/5027295.html.
Author:
50 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. zulusuluz
    zulusuluz 14 December 2017 07: 18
    15
    Sorry. Such a trump card. Better than Star Wars.
    1. iouris
      iouris 15 December 2017 01: 58
      +1
      Sorry? Horror! Russia exists contrary to.
    2. xtur
      xtur 18 December 2017 15: 12
      +1
      > Sorry. Such a trump card.

      there was a transfer of Dushenov, there it was about how they started to put this complex in order
      1. zulusuluz
        zulusuluz 18 December 2017 18: 24
        0
        So after all, according to the INF Treaty, we are no longer in the (American) base ...
  2. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 14 December 2017 07: 20
    +7
    By the spring of 1991, it was all over. Now, sworn enemies are standing and looking at each other in the Museum of Aviation and Cosmonautics in Washington.

    Pershing has only the second step in the photo. Everywhere these Americans want to deceive.
    1. Rostovchanin
      Rostovchanin 14 December 2017 07: 42
      11
      I think you are confusing something, if you look at the performance characteristics of these missiles, then in range 5500 against 1700 km, and weight 37 against 7,5 tons ...
    2. opus
      opus 14 December 2017 12: 18
      +4
      Both...
      On the 2 stage, even the stabilizers are not disclosed (because it is not necessary yet)

      By solid propellant rocket technology, as well as by the mass of breo, we were lagging behind.
      1. saturn.mmm
        saturn.mmm 14 December 2017 13: 58
        +2
        Quote: Rostovchanin
        I think you're confusing something,

        Quote: opus
        Both...

        Yes, you're right, the length is 10 meters, and in the photo it seemed to me very small.
  3. tlauicol
    tlauicol 14 December 2017 07: 52
    +1
    What kind of checkmate is this, rather a queen exchange on a rook at the worst position
  4. cost 75
    cost 75 14 December 2017 08: 23
    +5
    Maybe it's time to think about restoring Magadan 11?
    1. tlauicol
      tlauicol 14 December 2017 08: 43
      +4
      and get Pershing in Europe? From NATO to our borders now 0 (zero) km, if that!
      1. Bumblebee_3
        Bumblebee_3 14 December 2017 09: 13
        16
        tlauicol. Do you really think that the American missile defense system installed in Poland and Romania is directed against Iranian missiles? Pershing, however, as well as sanctions against Russia, as well as NATO's approximation to the borders of Russia, are an integral part of US policy.
      2. cost 75
        cost 75 14 December 2017 09: 33
        +3
        Quote: Tlauicol
        and get Pershing in Europe? From NATO to our borders now 0 (zero) km, if that!

        There you can drive the line, he does not fall under the contract
  5. Moore
    Moore 14 December 2017 09: 30
    21
    The technological level of Pershing went far beyond the capabilities of the defense industry of the country of the Soviets. It was not possible to give an adequate answer at the same level, and the Union proposed a plan for the disarmament and elimination of medium-range missiles (INF), signed by both parties in 1987.

    The statement is controversial, if not to say: not competent.
    1. The technological level of Pershing-2 was clearly demonstrated in several cases of spontaneous launch of the second stage, and especially when trying to destroy the launch method. After several epic fails at the start, the Americans were blown away and destroyed their pepelats in a less pathos
    2. The first "zero option" in 1981 was actually proposed by the Americans, on which the Union for a long time put a bolt from the alignment of the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station, until the talkative "best German" appeared.
    Here, in constant combat readiness was the missile division - three mobile soil complexes RSD-10 “Pioneer”

    1. Learning to distinguish between the concepts of "complex" and "launcher." The missile system 15P645 is a set of units, systems, technological and auxiliary equipment of the regimental level.
    2. Never (from the word at all) 15P645 missile division did not stand on combat duty in Chukotka. And not even delivered there. In 1983 A reconnaissance group from the Strategic Rocket Forces traveled to Chukotka in order to find out the possibility of putting a missile division on duty there. The reconnaissance results showed the sky-high cost of this idea. Who cares, you can read about this in the book "Seven Glavkomov" (the author is the former head of the PGRK OU GSh RV General Kazydub).
    1. faiver
      faiver 14 December 2017 11: 18
      0
      so what was standing there?
      1. Moore
        Moore 14 December 2017 11: 32
        +7
        The airfield, once a long time ago missile division 8K65 and military unit 75414 of the 12th GU MO.
        The object was built "for growth." Outgrowth did not happen.
    2. free_flier
      free_flier 15 December 2017 01: 37
      11
      In the Chita region, Pioneers were shot from the Wood ...
      on a farewell booze on the occasion of the departure of the Americans, the words of their chairman of the commission, who represented the commander of the Pershing regiment, remembered after the shooting at Kura literally he said: “if our Pershing flew like your Pioneers, we would not have agreed to destroy them, even if you said that ready to destroy all their missiles "...
      1. Bratkov Oleg
        Bratkov Oleg 15 December 2017 02: 39
        +6
        The Americans selected the ten most shabby containers, and asked to let them go.
        When the first rocket flew to the target, the Americans clapped their hands, shouting "Great rumble!" And in every possible way rejoiced at such success of the Soviet equipment. When the second missile flew and delivered the cargo where it was needed, the applause was noticeably thinner ... The remaining missiles flew away in the silence of the Americans ... Later, in a conversation with an American mission officer, they found out, tested, or something like that, the Americans expected half of the missiles will not fly. And they all flew.
        This is my acquaintance who participated in the destruction of the RSD-10, told. I was then a senior lieutenant, and he is also a junior officer ...
        And a very remarkable, in this light, Tomahawk attack on Syria.
        1. Moore
          Moore 15 December 2017 04: 12
          +2
          If I’m not mistaken, there was only one report from the Chita from Chita during the shootings. And then from the second time (a few minutes later, I don’t remember exactly) after "Restarting to the original" it went away - "Start up took place."
  6. tchoni
    tchoni 14 December 2017 10: 09
    +1
    And why not make a tourist attraction out of this !?
    1. faiver
      faiver 14 December 2017 11: 17
      +3
      who will go there? it is not Kaliningrad, there is no infrastructure there, and communication is far from everywhere ...
    2. izNska
      izNska 19 December 2017 21: 36
      0
      For those studying Russian, foreigners, in order to understand, no, feel the meaning of the word ass. Who served there will understand me. I don’t know, they made an underground antenna there, but the fact that more than a dozen antenna fields flew away, for sure.
  7. Zubr
    Zubr 14 December 2017 10: 09
    +4
    Yes, the complex was just a fairy tale. But here I look at the publications, finished testing the PC-26 "Frontier" ... smile And there the characteristics are more than impressive ... although they are hypothetical. But in general, why in vain, to shoot missiles? We would have such a device that would destroy all missile defense guidance systems with a single impulse. Once the "axes" were able to confuse in Syria. I think our lefties from KRET have already provided for these nuances.
  8. dim7ka
    dim7ka 14 December 2017 11: 14
    +4
    The next adherents of Gudym arrived. The pioneer was never there, there was only the desire of the Central Committee to push him there
  9. Old26
    Old26 14 December 2017 11: 20
    +5
    After Oleg’s phrase
    “Pioneer” - the most powerful missile from the arsenal of Soviet naval weapons.

    the desire to read the rest somehow disappears. As well as reading the fake about the presence of 3 Pioneer launch complexes there
  10. Old26
    Old26 14 December 2017 11: 24
    +5
    Quote: Moore
    Who cares, you can read about this in the book "Seven Glavkomov" (the author is the former head of the PGRK OU GSh RV General Kazydub).

    And then adherents of Gudym read this. They are confident that they are right. And do not care that the R-14 regiment, which was deployed there as part of one division, was removed from combat duty in 1968. What by 1980 (more precisely, it was necessary to watch not only the missile RTB, but also the aviation one that had been disbanded. I am surprised that no one had already mentioned the gunman Gudym who had been shot ...
  11. trinoc
    trinoc 14 December 2017 11: 30
    +2
    It's just that the author confuses Babel with Bebel - 5500 and 1400, one think that the ICBM is the other - so scare in Europe (then it was done - and yes, from Turkey)
    from the wiki:
    Distance between cities Anadyr, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia and San Francisco, California, United States ★★★ in a straight line (flight distance) 4865 kilometers (3021 miles)
    TTH:
    Firing Range: 600–5500 km [source not specified 76 days]
    Firing accuracy (KVO), 500 meters
    Type of monoblock monoblock power with a capacity of 1 MT (tested - option 1) [5]
  12. Vladimir SHajkin
    Vladimir SHajkin 14 December 2017 13: 17
    0
    It would be necessary to preserve and verify. God works in mysterious ways.
  13. sergo1914
    sergo1914 14 December 2017 14: 05
    +1
    Criminal Code Article 283. The disclosure of state secrets

    1. The disclosure of information constituting a state secret by a person to whom she was entrusted or became known through service, work, study, or in other cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, if this information became the property of other persons, in the absence of signs of crimes provided for in Articles 275 and 276 of this Code, -
    (in the edition of the Federal Law from 12.11.2012 N 190-FZ)
    (see the text in the previous wording)
    Shall be punishable by arrest for a term of four to six months or by imprisonment for a term of up to four years, with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term of up to three years or without it.
    2. The same act, which entailed through negligence grave consequences, -
    (in the edition of the Federal Law from 25.06.1998 N 92-FZ)
    (see the text in the previous wording)
    the applicable sentence is deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for a term of up to three years.
  14. groks
    groks 14 December 2017 15: 08
    0
    Miscellaneous rockets. Under what matters, mythical "impossibility"?
  15. Bosch
    Bosch 14 December 2017 15: 48
    +3
    Pindocs were very afraid of the pioneers, because during the night they could leave for 200-300 km and from there to plummet. Therefore, the labeled one signed OSV-2 and the pioneers destroyed.
  16. Operator
    Operator 14 December 2017 15: 54
    18
    The author was mistaken - 4500 km is the flight range of the first version of the Pioneer, the second version of the Pioneer UTX flew on the 5500 km and, when deployed in Chukotka, covered not one but two strategic naval bases on the US Pacific coast (including San Diego). Well, along with all the cities of the north and west of the United States.

    And yet - the elimination of the “Pioneers” was caused not by the deployment of the American underperformance “Pershing” in Western Europe (who didn’t completely reach Moscow and the Strategic Missile Forces command posts from the word at all), but by the betrayal of the Secretary General of the CPSU Central Committee M.S. Gorbachev.
  17. Old26
    Old26 14 December 2017 18: 01
    +2
    Quote: trinoc
    TTH:
    Firing Range: 600–5500 km [source not specified 76 days]
    Firing accuracy (KVO), 500 meters
    Type of monoblock monoblock power with a capacity of 1 MT (tested - option 1) [5]

    Wikipedia is not always worth believing in everything. In this case, some characteristics are not true.
    The 15P645 complex with the 15Zh45 missile and monoblock warhead really had a range of 5000 km (not 5500)
    The 15P645K complex with the 15Zh45K and RGCh missiles (3x150 ct) had a range of 4200 km, accuracy of 500 meters and the distance to which warheads could be deployed - 80 km
    The 15P653 complex with the 15Zh53 and RGCh missiles (3x150 ct) had a range of 4800 km, an accuracy of 450 meters and a breeding area of ​​BG in 100 km

    Quote: Bosch
    Pindocs were very afraid of the pioneers, because during the night they could leave for 200-300 km and from there to plummet. Therefore, the labeled one signed OSV-2 and the pioneers destroyed.

    Teach the materiel. "Pioneers" were destroyed under the INF Treaty, not OSV-2, and the OSV-2 agreement was signed by Brezhnev, not tagged
    1. nikolaev
      nikolaev 15 December 2017 12: 50
      +2
      “tagged” is a rather courageous character from “Quentin Dorward” by Walter Scott and is not good at getting his name dirty by applying to the trash known to everyone.
      I suggest: "labeled c # ka." Trash will understand that this is about her.
  18. NF68
    NF68 14 December 2017 18: 31
    +3
    + + + + + + + + + +
  19. datur
    datur 15 December 2017 01: 07
    +1
    we just change missiles wink
  20. lu4inin2007
    lu4inin2007 15 December 2017 12: 23
    +2
    There will be no such cars in the near future, if you need a defense, demand a teacher's salary of 300 rudders per month, for 000, so that teachers work as men, family and have at least 2018 children. (This is because we almost buried education) Refuse the supposedly defenders of the “tan” of the LOCAL POSITION, but those who take a piece of bread from hungry children and then launder money, in short, people need power, not 3 oligarchs.
  21. nikolaev
    nikolaev 15 December 2017 12: 44
    +1
    it’s time to return already. No way with pardners
  22. lu4inin2007
    lu4inin2007 15 December 2017 12: 50
    0
    Soon there will be no cars! A teacher needs a salary of at least 300 rubles, a uniform, a large, strong family of at least 000 children, not to mention the supplement for utilities, behind in Russia and in science and technology. Men of teachers should work at least 4%, and I will give thirty% !
  23. Old26
    Old26 15 December 2017 20: 09
    +1
    Quote: kos 75
    Maybe it's time to think about restoring Magadan 11?

    What for? Money nowhere to go? Moreover, first of all, Magadan-11 was related more to strategic aviation, which had a jump airfield in the Carbon Copy.
  24. monah2987
    monah2987 16 December 2017 15: 50
    0
    Capital is a “lobbying tool”, stocks are an identification of a career official in power over the “pipe” and resources in the current “CapitalElitarism”, currency is the payment of the staffing structure of state structures ... The power of currency and investment is a way of enslaving, replacing national budget finances is a remote way management ... Destroyed military installations are the result of sequestered budget management ... "Do not want to feed your army - you will be a stranger ..."
  25. Old26
    Old26 16 December 2017 17: 42
    +2
    Quote: monah2987
    Destroyed military facilities are the result of sequestered budgetary management ... "If you do not want to feed your army, you will be a stranger ..."

    Damn, this object as "Object C" ceased its activity in the mid-80s. Even in the USSR, this object ceased to exist. And not so this object is needed to recall the saying about feeding
    1. xtur
      xtur 18 December 2017 15: 22
      0
      > And not so this object is needed to remember the saying about feeding

      Are there really so many alternatives to deploying missiles close to US territory?
  26. solovald
    solovald 18 December 2017 08: 48
    0
    The base needs to be urgently restored, definitely ...
  27. serg2108
    serg2108 18 December 2017 19: 17
    0
    + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
  28. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 18 December 2017 20: 21
    0
    I have one link to a live magazine did not open?
  29. Old26
    Old26 19 December 2017 00: 12
    +2
    Quote: xtur
    > And not so this object is needed to remember the saying about feeding

    Are there really so many alternatives to deploying missiles close to US territory?

    What for? What will it give? In Anadyr, they were planning to deploy a regiment (deployed only one division out of three) for a simple reason. During the Caribbean crisis, it was necessary to deploy an additional number of carriers that could get the western part of the United States. Since the ICBM was with us then within 30 pieces. And they reached the maximum to the northwestern part of the USA with their bases. To the Hawaiian Islands did not reach even with a light warhead. Yes, and in principle, although the regiment had begun to relocate before the start of the Caribbean crisis, it took up combat duty in January 1969. But his fate was already a foregone conclusion in 1967, when he did not begin to rearm on a new complex.
    And in 1969, the number of carriers (ICBMs) in our country reached such a value (1274 units) that the presence of medium-range missiles there ceased to be necessary. In mid-1975, a commission from the General Staff of the Strategic Missile Forces considered the possibility of deploying Pioneer complexes in Anadyr. The conclusion was clearly negative, despite the great desire of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee.
    Now having placed the BRDS there (having gone to break the agreement on the INF Treaty), what will we have? Cover Hawaii, about a third of the west of the United States. And what do we get in return
    If our "sworn friends" will place such complexes in Japan, then it will cover Russia to the Urals. If in Saudi Arabia-cover the entire European territory of Russia. If in Arabia and Japan, then the American infantry-fighting force is covered ALL RUSSIA. And what is the point of placing the same infantry fighting systems, and specifically in Anadyr ??

    Quote: solovald
    The base needs to be urgently restored, definitely ...

    And for what? There are arguments other than common phrases, such as the above
    urgently needed to be restored, definitely ..

    Are there arguments ?? Bring if you can - consider
  30. Old26
    Old26 19 December 2017 00: 18
    0
    Quote: Captain Nemo
    I have one link to a live magazine did not open?

    It doesn't open for me either
    1. Megatron
      Megatron 24 December 2017 13: 23
      0
      Copy without a dot at the end - then it will open!
  31. Old26
    Old26 19 December 2017 10: 11
    0
    Quote: Old26
    Yes, and in principle, although the regiment had begun to relocate before the start of the Caribbean crisis, it took up combat duty in January 1969

    Slip of the pen. He began combat duty in January 1964 years