Military Review

"Before her death, she crossed herself ... quietly went to the fire and was burned to ashes."

103
In 1669, the nun Alyona left Nicholas Monastery near Arzamas. She joined the peasant uprising led by Stepan Razin. Since people loved and believed Alain, soon there were several hundred people in her unit. Commanding a runaway and serf peasants, she managed to capture the city Temnikov. But in a decisive battle with commander Yuri Dolgorukov suffered a crushing defeat.


"Before her death, she crossed herself ... quietly went to the fire and was burned to ashes."


Cossack who became a nun

Alena's year of birth was lost in stories. It is only known that its small homeland is the Cossack village of Exit Sloboda, which is under Arzamas.

The lot of women of that time can not be called attractive. From an early age Alain was introduced to work. Together with adults, she went out into the field, and returned home at sunset. In addition, the girl was taught flax art. And although she was not afraid of hard physical labor, she, like any child, loved listening to fairy tales most of all. Especially about the military exploits of the Arzamas peasants and Cossacks.

Having matured, Alyona has become an enviable bride. She knew how to spin, weaved, mowed, handled with cattle. And although she had many suitors, she married a man much older than her years. Her affairs and responsibilities increased. Yes, that's bad luck: after a short time, her husband suddenly died. According to one of the versions, hard work in the field ruined him; on the other, he died simply because of his old age. But, anyway, Alain, being a young girl, remained a childless widow.

To cope alone with the bulk problems she could not. To save herself from starvation, she decided to go to the monastery. And soon she took the veil as a nun of the Nikolaev monastery near Arzamas. This ended the first stage of the difficult life of the Cossack girl.

Having become a nun, Alyona learned to read and learned the sacraments of folk herbal medicine. In those days, many novices and novices from the monastic cloisters collected and dried various plants, with the help of which they helped local peasants to cope with their diseases. A simple Russian man valued monks and nuns because he had no money for a professional doctor. Only rich people could use its services.

As for Alena, the local peasants literally idolized her and considered her a real sorceress (for them this did not go against the Christian faith). The nun of the Nicholas monastery treated the ailments with birch, poplar and pine buds, used oak bark, and used various tinctures. There was such an amazing medicine in her first-aid kit as a bath mold. With her help, Alyona healed purulent wounds. But not only sick people addressed her. It was believed that Alain knew and felt the animals, so she could cure any livestock from the attacking ailment.

A small digression. There is evidence that the Soviet microbiologist and epidemiologist Zinaida Vissarionovna Yermolyeva, starting from the life story of Alena, decided to experiment with mold. She managed to create a bacteriophage that was effective in cholera and diphtheria, as well as typhoid fever. The hard work of Zinaida Vissarionovna in 1939 helped save many lives during the outbreak of cholera in Afghanistan.

Unfair life

Alena met with local peasants every day. That they came to her for help or advice, she visited her "sponsored". And these visits left deep bleeding wounds on the heart of a heartfelt nun. She saw how life can be unfair. Some have money and power. And others - half-starved existence. Particularly strongly forced her to worry peasant children. She tried to shove bread with them and especially for them she sewed simple clothes. But, of course, she could not feed and clothe all Alena Arzamas. The nun prayed to God that he would show her a place where the magic root grows, capable of making the peasant's share not so bitter (later Leo Tolstoy would dream of a green stick with similar properties). But Alena’s prayers remained unanswered. And the position of the peasantry in Russia under Alexey Mikhailovich Romanov was getting worse and worse. Discontent has long accumulated in the country.

Alena with all her heart was with the common people, but alone could not change the rooted order in the country. She, a bold and strong woman, needed an example. And such was found in the person of Stepan Timofeevich Razin.

In 1669, a peasant uprising began in Russia. As soon as Alain found out about the rebellion, she immediately left the monastery - she went to war with the boyars. The rioters accepted her with open arms. Of course, already during the life of the peasants, they began to make legends, respectfully naming Alena-old woman. In addition, it was in the hands of the rebels. After all, the nun everyone knew and believed her, which means that she could become an excellent “recruiter”. So, in fact, happened.

Alena Arzamas visited villages and talked to people. Although her speeches were not special, they were pure and sincere. And the peasants followed her in order to "help the priest Stepan Timofeevich" in his right cause. After a short time in submission Alena-old women turned out to be two hundred enthusiastic men. Her plan was simple: she wanted to lead them to Oka, to Kasimov. But she soon refused this undertaking. Why? There is no exact answer to this question. Most likely, Alain did not dare at first to get involved in a confrontation with superior enemy forces. Therefore, I went to the city of Temnikov. According to rumors, the peasants who lived along the banks of the Moksha River decided to join the rebels. And in them, Alain saw good reinforcement of her squad. Rumors were true. The people met the nun as a liberator. Moreover, everyone was convinced that she was a messenger from Stepan Timofeevich himself. But here is bad luck - in fact, Razin and Arzamas have not met. Anyway, some researchers believe that he did not know about the existence of a certain nun-rebel.

Alyona’s squad every day became more numerous. Not only Russian, but also Mordovian and Tatar peasants joined it. Prince Yuri Alekseevich Dolgorukov, who commanded the punitive army, reported to the sovereign that Alain "took with him to theft of many people ...". By the beginning of the peasant war, Dolgorukov was already an experienced commander. He had a Russian-Polish war (1654-1667 years), in which he showed himself to be a brilliant commander. And the most significant success was the victory in the battle of Verkah. When the uprising of Razin began, Dolgorukov led the troops operating in the area of ​​Arzamas and Nizhny Novgorod.

Once the people of the governor managed to capture one of the associates of the old woman. So Dolgorukov managed to find out that under the nun’s head there are about six hundred people. The voivode also found out that she acted not alone, as was supposed at the beginning, but in alliance with other rebel groups. And they all advanced to Temnikov. Yuri Alekseevich tried to place as many of his soldiers as possible in the territory along which Alyona supposedly was supposed to move. But his plan didn't work. The locals, not being afraid of the death penalty for aiding the rebels, showed her wild trails in the forests, with the help of which she deftly avoided the trap set by the governor. Many peasants were not limited to help, but joined its ranks. Dolgorukov knew all this, but could not correct the situation.

He failed to prevent the defeat of the detachment of the governor of Arzamas Leonty Shaysukov. The combined army of Alena and Fyodor Sidorov dealt with him. After this victory, the old lady went to the main goal of his path. Under Temnikov, several rebel detachments joined, led by Sidorov. Under his leadership there were about five thousand (according to another version, the number was over seven thousand people) of well-armed people. This was already a real force capable of great things.

The death of the protectors of the peasants

In 1670, the city of Temnikov was dominated by rebel peasants. Dolgorukov, of course, was not going to surrender. In battles, his people succeeded in capturing first the rebel captain Andrei Osipov, and then the Temnik Murzu of Smail Isishev. The first one said: “Baba Vedunya, a widow, a peasant woman of Temnikovsky district of the Red Sloboda, goes to Shattsky dei ... And now she is with thieves in Shattsky district, and from Shattsky she wanted to go to Kasimov”. So Dolgorukov learned some facts about marital status, place of residence and plans of his opponent. Isyashev during interrogation (read - under torture) confirmed Osipov’s words, which was transferred to Yuri Alekseevich: “But he heard that the old woman gathered thieves to herself and went to theft in shatsky places. And what is the order that the old man in the world was, and from where, and what people gathered with her, and where she is now, she truly does not know about that. ”
Meanwhile, the rebels kept Temnikov’s defenses. The rebels decided that the most important and serious questions were “the whole world”. Alena Arzamaskaya and Fedor Sidorov tried to be as close as possible to their people. But the old woman did not only participate in military and political battles. Since there were a lot of wounded, she practiced all her free time. She alone could not cope, of course. Therefore, she taught this craft to other women.

November 30 1670 of the year was a tragic date for Alena and her people. The rebels were attacked by the army Dolgorukov and defeated. They managed to capture about twenty people, including the old woman.

According to legend, it was an extremely difficult matter to capture Alain. After killing traitors from among those close to her, the nun attempted to escape from Dolgorukov’s soldiers in the church. Once inside, she fell to her knees near the altar and hugged him. Not a single man from the tsarist army was able to disengage the hands of the old woman. Moreover, not a single warrior could pull the bowstring of her bow ... The woman was so different in physical strength. But still Alain was captured by Dolgorukov. He ordered to “torture and burn with fire” a nun. During the torture, according to legend, Alain did not utter a single sound, enduringly enduring all the torments. And the executioners told Yuri Alekseevich that she does not feel pain, because she is a witch. After being tortured, she was sentenced to death by burning in a wooden house. So cruelly in Russia executed heretics suspected of witchcraft. Alan's terrible sentence was taken calmly, even indifferently. On December 4, 1670, she unassisted stood at the edge of a wooden log house and, crossing herself, jumped down. According to legend, for all the time while the log house was burning, Alain did not make a single sound.

The execution of the nun did not pass by the foreigners. For example, the German Johann Fish in 1677 published a brochure with the long title “Instructive leisure of Johann Frish or remarkable and thoughtful conversations in which we talk about useful and instructive matters, as well as every time about the most important events of our time.” In it, he described in detail the capture and execution of Alena: “A few days after the execution of Razin, a nun was burned, who, being with him, like the Amazon, was superior to men in her unusual bravery. When part of his troops were defeated by Dolgorukov, she, being their leader, took refuge in the church and continued to resist there so stubbornly that at first she shot all of her arrows, killing seven or eight more, and after seeing that further resistance was impossible , untied her saber, threw it away and rushed back to the altar with outstretched hands. In this position she was found and captured by those who had broken into. She had to have unprecedented power, since there was no one in Dolgorukov’s army who could pull the bow that belonged to her to the end. Her courage also manifested itself during the execution, when she calmly climbed to the edge of the hut, built according to the Moscow custom of wood, straw and other combustible things, and, crossing herself and performing other rituals, boldly jumped into it, slammed the lid behind her and, when everything it was engulfed in flames, it made no sound. ”

There is a discrepancy. According to Frish, Alain was executed after quartering Razin. But Stepan Timofeevich was on the scaffold on Bolotnaya Square 16 June 1671 of the year, that is, six months after the burning of the nuns.

Alena described the death of another foreigner whose name remained unknown: “She did not flinch and showed no fear when she heard the verdict: to be burned alive. Before she died, she wished that more people could be found, who would act as they should, and fight as bravely as she, then Prince Yuri would probably turn back. Before her death, she crossed herself ... calmly went to the fire and was burned to ashes. ”

Officially, the church has renounced Alena-old women. But, nevertheless, in many churches and temples near Arzamas, for many more years, there were memorial services in honor of the protector of the oppressed peasantry.
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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 14 December 2017 07: 19 New
    12
    Thank you very much for the story about the fate of such a Russian woman. This was the beginning-- the time of a real civil war .. Although these executions took place, the riots continued, as Soloviev wrote. In 1649, the Council Code. An unlimited search for fugitive peasants was introduced, a large fine for concealment. The final enslavement actually became slaves.
    1. Molot1979
      Molot1979 14 December 2017 07: 59 New
      15
      The 13-year war with Poland is to blame. I had to pay a big price for the victory. As usual, the tax burden hit the peasants the most. That blazed. And the peasants became enslaved a little later, in 1711, when Peter the Great issued the Decree on the Peasant Fortress.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 14 December 2017 08: 28 New
        +9
        Peter l continued the previous reforms, including church ones. Their beginning coincided with riots.
      2. Weyland
        Weyland 14 December 2017 12: 31 New
        +7
        Quote: Molot1979
        And the peasants became enslaved a little later, in 1711, when Peter the Great issued the Decree on the Peasant Fortress.

        And you didn’t have to read the Cathedral Code of 1649? Peter simply made the estates hereditary (previously they were given only for service, but Peter, in fact, enslaved in the first turn, all the nobles - it was unrealistic to evade service with him).
      3. Gopnik
        Gopnik 14 December 2017 12: 41 New
        0
        And can I ask for a link to the text of this "decree"?
        1. vignat21
          vignat21 14 December 2017 21: 03 New
          +1
          Here http://www.nlr.ru/e-res/law_r/search.php, find.
          1. Gopnik
            Gopnik 15 December 2017 22: 42 New
            0
            I can’t find it. And you will not find. Because there was no such decree
      4. Victor N
        Victor N 15 December 2017 16: 13 New
        +2
        [quote = Molot1979] The 13-year war with Poland is more to blame.
        A war with Poland was fought over the adoption of Little Russia.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 14 December 2017 07: 45 New
    10
    Then the last words of the heroine going to the bonfire were conveyed among the people: “If there were more people who would act as they should, and fight just as bravely, then Prince Yuri would probably turn back!” Traditions say that at the place of execution they didn’t even find chains that Alena was saved and alive ...
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 08: 03 New
      +8
      Such a cruel execution was due to belonging to the Old Believer faith, as it is written in another book.
      It was recorded that not only riots took place, but also a decrease in taxable people, i.e. they, peasants, fled to Siberia and the nearest countries. The most severe exploitation of non-Russian inhabitants took place — Tatars, Bashkirs, and Mordovians.
  3. bober1982
    bober1982 14 December 2017 07: 47 New
    +2
    She is an ordinary witch.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 07: 52 New
      +5
      Explain, please.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 14 December 2017 07: 58 New
        +6
        Baba-ataman, gang of thieves, our Joan of Arc (this one was also a witch), inferiority complexes, megalomania, mental disorders, unsatisfied passions and much more.
        She had to humbly sit in the monastery, and the unclean suffered Alena.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 14 December 2017 08: 09 New
          18
          Well, well, the white topic is continued, now it should be said how good it was in 1913, what benefits the Stolypin reforms brought to lazy peasants, and that enslavement was for their own good.
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 14 December 2017 08: 15 New
            +6
            Quote: Reptiloid
            Well, well, the white topic is continued

            Did you understand what you said? What side is my comment on the white topic?
            An interesting article from the life of the adventurer of past centuries, nothing more.
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 14 December 2017 08: 34 New
              15
              In your opinion, it turns out that those who opposed exploitation are adventurers, and women, then, are witches. Stolypin and Solzhenitsyn are glad to see you.
              1. bober1982
                bober1982 14 December 2017 08: 41 New
                +5
                Quote: Reptiloid
                In your opinion it turns out

                Of course, it is, but arguing like you, it will be possible to determine Lenka Panteleeva or Sonya Golden Handle in the fighters with the exploiters.
                1. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 14 December 2017 09: 10 New
                  14
                  And where did I write it.? Nowhere !!!!! The point is that the Russian people have always been brutally exploited, and the authorities wanted to inculcate alien moral values ​​as well. Remember the 90s, how what, well, all sorts of theatrical present.
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 14 December 2017 09: 36 New
                    +5
                    Golden words, Dmitry, especially the word "always." And the period 1917-91 is no exception. Yes, people lived better than in previous centuries, and in something better than now. But it is impossible for the state, being one of the leading countries in the world, to maintain its citizens at the level of the population of the Ivory Coast. This is contrary to the laws of civilization.
                    1. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 10: 55 New
                      13
                      Anton, Values ​​17-91 were not false. Otherwise, they would not be remembered and talked about 26 years after the bourgeois coup, there would have been no such malice and groaning of everything Soviet.
                      1. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 14 December 2017 11: 24 New
                        +5
                        I did not say that they are false. By the way, why were you? If these values ​​are accepted by the bulk of society, then they are still relevant.
                    2. Moore
                      Moore 15 December 2017 06: 14 New
                      +3
                      Quote: 3x3zsave
                      But it is impossible for the state, being one of the leading countries in the world, to maintain its citizens at the level of the population of the Ivory Coast.

                      Sorry to interfere in your debate, but the comparison, to put it mildly, is unsuccessful. Macro indicators such as life expectancy, population growth in the USSR do not speak of general poverty and humiliation. Now there are enough sausages, bubble gum and pants. Is the main part of the population better?
                  2. Monarchist
                    Monarchist 15 December 2017 17: 09 New
                    +1
                    Dima, here I agree and disagree: ALWAYS AND EVERYWHERE THE AUTHORITY considers that she is right, and the opinion of the people is secondary.
                    In the summer of 1937, Stalin wanted to deprive the authorities of the party and admitted the possibility of a multi-party system: "we have, fortunately or unfortunately, one party."
                    Comrades, I recommend it to everyone: Zhukov, “Other Stalin”, the Kremlin “Beria is the best manager of the 20th century”, and you also need to read Migranyan and THINK and THINK!
                2. Boris55
                  Boris55 14 December 2017 09: 22 New
                  +9
                  Quote: bober1982
                  Lenka Panteleeva or Sonya Golden Handle in the fighters with the exploiters to determine.

                  The schismatic Nikon split the church existing in Russia. The struggle of the people for the faith of their ancestors began with the Solovetsky Seat and the active phase ended with the execution of the archers on Red Square. It was essentially a civil war.


                  To compare the nun Alena, who upholds the faith of her ancestors with thieves and murderers, is ... in general, it is not appropriate from above.
                  How echoes of this confrontation are the presence of both the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Orthodox Church today. Just as the Westernizers-Nikonians did not try, they could not kill the Russian spirit.
                  1. Reptiloid
                    Reptiloid 14 December 2017 11: 34 New
                    10
                    Anton, why did I write WAS? Because from the age of 91, the sowing of the Soviet began. The grafting and declaring of other ideas began. They repented for Katyn. You see what a star has become, what flag (Shpakovsky to help). what Mausoleum There is a desire to destroy completely, both symbols and memory.
                    The adopted, unified ideology empowers the people to bear the hardships, fight for their country
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 14 December 2017 12: 05 New
                      +6
                      You are mistaken, "groaning" began earlier, in the first half of the 80s, when the rapid decline in living standards caused a deep discontent among the people. This is against the backdrop of a collapsing economy, assistance to the “fraternal” peoples, “zinc” from Afghanistan, the hearse races (I remember when Brezhnev was buried, many cried when Chernenko already giggled), peppy reports in the media, and slogans that had nothing to do with it mated with reality.
                      As for Shpakovsky, I do not share many of his moral and ethical imperatives, but I value Vyacheslav Olegovich as a good popularizer.
                      1. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 14 December 2017 12: 32 New
                        +3
                        You understand that you, of course, have found the 80s, but I don’t think you understood because of age, if I’m not mistaken .... Have you read somewhere? I have no memories of this and reading did not happen.
                        About the flag. V.O.Shpakovsky wrote an article that I advise you and everyone to read, such as the WHITE GUARDIAN ARMOR TRAIN UNITED RUSSIA ...... last September. Why such a flag. Of course it is disgusting, but not as disgusting as if it were adopted from the Vlasovites. But I later found out about Vlasovites ..... much.
                    2. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 14 December 2017 13: 19 New
                      +3
                      That's when the people got tired of enduring hardships under bright slogans, and he stopped fighting for his country.
                      1. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 14 December 2017 19: 01 New
                        +3
                        Quote: 3x3zsave
                        That's when the people got tired of enduring hardships under bright slogans, and he stopped fighting for his country.

                        These hardships cannot be compared with the deprivations of the Second World War. Slogans have changed in accordance with the Khrushchev and other post-war congresses. Probably, the people already felt these changes, again, the black PR worked, and the fish rotted from the head, because dreams of democracy, of a capitalist paradise have already appeared ...
                3. Weyland
                  Weyland 14 December 2017 12: 33 New
                  0
                  Quote: bober1982
                  it will be possible Lenka Panteleeva or Sonya Golden Handle in the fighters with the exploiters to determine.

                  And who exploited Lenka Panteleev? And he was a fair fighter with the exploiters - when he served in the Cheka!
        2. Weyland
          Weyland 14 December 2017 12: 28 New
          +7
          Quote: bober1982
          Joan of Arc (this one was also a witch)

          Have Shakespeare been read? This marketer, to please the authorities, mixed a lot of people with mud - and Macbeth hi , and Richard III hi ? not to mention the Virgin of Orleans hi And that after 25 years they rehabilitated Zhanna posthumously, and in the 1920s they ranked them as saints - you still do not know?
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 14 December 2017 19: 29 New
            0
            Quote: Weyland
            ranked saints - you still do not know?

            So heretics are ranked, are you really not in the know?
            I can’t say anything about Shakespeare, I’m not fond of it, but G. Klimov’s sorted out these ladies in detail.
            1. Weyland
              Weyland 14 December 2017 20: 02 New
              +3
              Quote: bober1982
              So heretics are ranked, are you really not in the know?

              I am aware that the Catholics are ranked - those who burned! And they are never heretics, but schismatics - if you know what the difference is!
  4. Korsar4
    Korsar4 14 December 2017 07: 59 New
    +8
    Interesting legends are intertwined.

    Of all the rebels, Stepan Razin has a special attitude, but still a rebel.
    And with the discovery of penecelin - Kaverin tells his version of the discovery of healing mold well.

    And the fortress of women following the idea is great. How many were among the Old Believers.
  5. Graz
    Graz 14 December 2017 08: 25 New
    +4
    honestly, although he himself was from the Nizhny Novgorod region, he had not heard anything about this heroine, thanks to the author for his enlightenment.
    as always the truth is somewhere in the middle
  6. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 14 December 2017 09: 08 New
    +8
    The article is good, but too much pathetic.
    Here is a striking thing. When testosterone begins to prevail in the female body, great heroines, martyrs, scientists and criminals are obtained. When estrogen prevails in the male body, a tolerant general man emerges.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 09: 35 New
      +6
      Quote: 3x3zsave
      . When estrogen prevails in the male body, a tolerant general man emerges.
      Probably, hormonal + and - people can have at different times, but here the stupid vile theater for some reason has intensified today. Or was it once before?
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 14 December 2017 09: 48 New
        +4
        It was, of course, the decline and fall of the Roman Empire - the most striking example.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 14 December 2017 10: 50 New
          +6
          Deposits of lead (including native) have been in Italy since ancient times, from it water and sewage + lead acetic acid (tastes sweet) to sweeten wine, which leads to detrimental changes in the male body + brain poisoning from the prenatal period (I read about it with Lev Gumilyov) ... And may the author forgive me for deviating from the topic.
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 14 December 2017 11: 12 New
            +1
            Undoubtedly, one of the factors, but to make the fall of the empire dependent on it, is the same as determining the main reason for Britain to enter the largest colonial powers as the beginning of the weaving of the red thread into the ropes at royal manufactories.
        2. Settlement Oparyshev
          Settlement Oparyshev 14 December 2017 11: 13 New
          0
          By the way, recall when was the recent sunset of the Roman Empire?
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 14 December 2017 10: 05 New
        +2
        They intensified, information flows increased many times in speed and volume. 30 years ago you wouldn’t even know about the "stupid vile theater".
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 14 December 2017 11: 14 New
      +5
      "When in the female body testosterone begins to prevail great heroines" ////

      Interestingly, Jeanne D Ark, apparently quite attractive woman, too
      was unusually strong. She fought on a horse with a battle ax, not a sword.
      An ax with a remote center of gravity requires more physical strength.
      When she was questioned by the Inquisition, one of the charges was that
      "she pretends to be a virgin, this is blasphemy -" like the Virgin Mary ",
      which is impossible in the army surrounded by men. "
      Jeanne insisted. We performed a check, which found out that she had an underdeveloped vagina
      and she really is a virgin. This item is crossed out. But this did not save her from execution.
      So gene shifts and testosterone influence, of course.
      However, this does not detract from the feat that this Russian nun Alena, that of the Orleans virgin.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 14 December 2017 11: 46 New
        +1
        I didn’t say that belittles, on the contrary, I spoke out in a diametrically opposite way.
      2. Weyland
        Weyland 14 December 2017 12: 18 New
        +3
        Quote: voyaka uh
        We performed a check, which found out that she had an underdeveloped vagina

        Most likely, she had the so-called "complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS)", aka Morris syndrome (false hermaphroditism). In fact, a male body with external female sexual characteristics (and the vagina is extremely narrow and ends in a dead end - so even after Joan’s capture, all the numerous attempts by the British to rape her ended in a shameful failure). At the same time, since there is nowhere to go for testosterone, it just rolls over, therefore such "women" are physically stronger than most men, and the character is, essno, not female!
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 14 December 2017 12: 20 New
          +3
          I'm not good at medicine. It seems so, as you have outlined.
        2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Monarchist
        Monarchist 15 December 2017 16: 16 New
        +1
        The warrior, and I didn’t know such a detail about Zhenya d. Honestly, I know little about her, it will be necessary to look for literature
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 17 December 2017 00: 13 New
          0
          The conspiratorial version of Joan of Arc says she was an illegitimate daughter and
          King of France, given up to the education of a small knight "in the village" (as was common to do at that time). For the same reason, the British did not dare to execute her (executed "in her place" one of the pseudo-witches from prison), extradited her to fictitiously marry some nobleman in the province with the condition "do not protrude."
          But she "leaned out" - participated in the outbreak of the Franco-German minor wars, commanded a detachment. Died by her death.
          For what I bought, for that I sell it. Not sure about the veracity of these versions.
      4. Pissarro
        Pissarro 30 December 2017 02: 30 New
        0
        I wonder what you saw in the feat of this Alena? Led by a gang to take over cities? How is she different from Basayev? Objectively, any gang acting against legitimate authority acts in the interests of the enemies of the state. The feat here was made by law enforcement bodies and the Army, eradicating banditry
  7. Serge72
    Serge72 14 December 2017 10: 46 New
    17
    I would like to note that such episodes were still quite rare in Russia (Volkhov for example) - in contrast to the rampage of the Inquisition.
    Although...
    You look at the current sectarians and various Jehovah's and Scientologists - and you miss the era of the Inquisition ...
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 14 December 2017 10: 59 New
      +4
      Quote: Serge72
      and miss the era of the Inquisition ...

      Do you sign your powerlessness in confrontation with the enemy on the third priority of the management of humanity?

      "Third priority: It is much more effective to manage peoples or individual sections of society, in a certain way processing the human consciousness using various ideologies, dogmas, sociological doctrines, and the media. One is written in the unconscious, for example, the teachings of Karl Marx, the other - Allahu Akbar, the third - Christ is risen, the fourth - live brightly, die young. And if you need at a certain point with the help of special methods of activation of pre-established contradictions, such as provocations (for example - move the capital of Israel), contract killings, scandalous articles, caricatures (for example, the Prophet Muhammad) or objectively related errors, people are pushed together, which from the outside can look like an accident. So, now we are witnessing attempts at a clash of historically established Islam and biblical Christianity (for example - Syria, Muslim refugees in Europe) And this despite the fact that people understand that God, the Creator and the Almighty, is one for all things on earth, which is reflected in many world religions. One of the most powerful ways of processing people's consciousness is television, because contrary to popular belief, the media do not so much reflect objective reality as they program it, shaping people's attitudes to certain events. Now, terrorist acts on such a scale occur only because they are immediately shown on all channels, in fact, the media in this case become information sponsors of the terrorists, providing them with billions of dollars in budget and a huge audience. "
      1. Serge72
        Serge72 14 December 2017 12: 24 New
        18
        I do not sign anything
        Just some mutants can only be burned ...
  8. timgan777
    timgan777 14 December 2017 10: 48 New
    +2
    thanks, the story is always interesting
  9. Settlement Oparyshev
    Settlement Oparyshev 14 December 2017 11: 10 New
    0
    Do not forget about the nuances. There were no horses in those days. On the shuttle and on, and Alyona would hardly have cut herself with sabers with anyone else, her men would be laughed at by the whole okrug. And about the “Russians,” At that time, the “Russians” were only in the environs of St. Petersburg; on the other Lands that were not yet occupied by Russia were other numerous nationalities.
    1. Korsar4
      Korsar4 14 December 2017 11: 44 New
      +4
      And where were the horses at that time?

      There are, of course, dark periods in history. But since the time of Aleksei Mikhailovich, the main milestones are quite clear. Therefore, there is no need to cast a shadow on the wattle fence.
      1. Settlement Oparyshev
        Settlement Oparyshev 14 December 2017 13: 37 New
        0
        Here are those who had horses. But we look at which ships the horses were transported from America in the Middle Ages.
        You can’t see anything ships. You will find the Archi Logos from the Greek.
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 11: 56 New
      +5
      Some strange comment from you, Oparyshev, they accepted something, or they smoked yesterday ..... They have not returned yet .... Birthday of St. Petersburg, its foundation --- May 16 (27), 1703, the day of the Holy Trinity , at the mouth of the Neva River on Hare Island, although there were settlements, of course, and before that. Well, and at the expense of horses, this is something .....
      1. igordok
        igordok 14 December 2017 13: 56 New
        +5
        According to Oparyshev, we had no roads except the horses that lived in America at that time.
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 15 December 2017 00: 51 New
        +3
        This is Fomenkovtsy ... stop I already ceased to be surprised at their revelations ...
        After the "excavated" antique St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg already
        nothing can amaze me in their teaching.
  10. kalibr
    kalibr 14 December 2017 11: 51 New
    +6
    Quote: p-k Oparyshev
    There were no horses in those days

    ! The great military power of Muscovy also attracted the attention of Sigismund Herberstein. The Moscow ambassadors proudly declared to the foreigners that, at the first request of the Russian sovereign, a huge army of two hundred or three hundred thousand horsemen could fly off in a few days, like bees ... If this is exaggerated, it is still known that the Moscow army was usually very numerous . According to Herberstein, Vasily already had a permanent, but small foot detachment of soldiers, consisting of 1500 hired Lithuanians and all kinds of foreigners. The main military forces consisted of cavalry, which was fully armed only during the war.
    After a year or two, the Grand Duke orders to recruit and rewrite the boyar children in order to know their number and how many of them have people and horses. Military service in Muscovy is served by all those who can in their condition. Rarely do they enjoy peace: almost always there is a war with the Lithuanians, then with the Swedes, then with the Tatars. Even if there is no war, it is still annually exhibited on the southern outskirts, near the Don and Oka, twenty thousand troops to guard against raids and robberies of the Crimean Tatars. These units are usually replaced every year; but in wartime, everyone obligated by service should serve where the Grand Duke points, and as much time as necessary.
    The Russian army in those days was, according to Herberstein, poorly arranged. The horses of the cavalry, although strong and hardy, were mostly small, non-forged and with the lightest reins. The saddles were arranged in such a way that one could easily turn around in all directions and shoot arrows. Riders sat on horses, bending their legs to such an extent that it was not difficult to beat them out of the saddle with a spear. Few use spurs, and most use a lash that always hangs on the little finger of the right hand so that it can be used in business as soon as the need arises
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 12: 45 New
      +1
      Good afternoon, Vyacheslav! I have not seen you. Until evening, you have to go.
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 14 December 2017 13: 34 New
      +1
      Vyacheslav Olegovich, and the hunt for you to throw beads ?! (I'm talking about adepts of secret knowledge)
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 14 December 2017 13: 48 New
        +6
        Vyacheslav Olegovich, and the hunt for you to throw beads ?! (I'm talking about adepts of secret knowledge)

        ..... good .... Apparently, these adherents of Przhevalsky’s book are being burned at the stake ....
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 14 December 2017 14: 06 New
          +2
          Not that word!
          "In the courtyard of the Middle Ages
          Obscurantism and jazz "
          (E. Shklyarsky)
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 14 December 2017 19: 11 New
            +4
            About the Middle Ages ----- this is now with us. Magic, witchcraft, sending corruption, fantasies on the theme of reality .... And jazz --- it's great!
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 14 December 2017 19: 53 New
              +1
              This is just a quote.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 14 December 2017 21: 36 New
                +2
                Eeeeeh nooooo, quotes just don't happen. How many visionary lines are sometimes found among poets. Vysotsky, Blok, Gumilyov. In "Representation" "- some quotes
      2. kalibr
        kalibr 14 December 2017 20: 08 New
        +2
        This is an excusable shortcoming of an experienced teacher ...
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 14 December 2017 20: 33 New
          +2
          Yes, professional deformation. Before you finally make sure that you are in front of a sloppy creature, you should try to convey at least something to him. We have already discussed this topic, I forgot, sorry.
  11. AKC
    AKC 14 December 2017 12: 01 New
    +4
    Razin the thug. and she is an accomplice of a bandit! these guys, by the will of the Soviet propaganda, became fighters for the rights of the destitute!
    I won’t be surprised if about the “heroes” of this article IN:
    "Twenty years for the Amazons. Why are women not given lifelong?" https://topwar.ru/131746-dvadcat-let-dlya-amazono
    k-pochemu-zhenschinam-ne-dayut-pozhiznennoe.html
    too, after some time they will write how they fought tyranny and defended the oppressed people by killing law enforcement officers! and the fact that outsiders sometimes died is the cost of the struggle against capitalists and power !!!
    1. Weyland
      Weyland 14 December 2017 12: 24 New
      +5
      Quote: AKC
      Razin the thug. and she is an accomplice of a bandit!

      Of course, both Razin and Pugachev are bandits, and their Cossacks are accomplices. But with the rebellious peasants who joined them, everything is far from simple - the peasant, as a rule, did not want to rebel from a good life. It is always possible to find a bunch of lumpen in the cities, which are easy to beat up for any unrest - while in the countryside they seldom lingered, it was not interesting to them there.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 14 December 2017 14: 37 New
        +1
        Proponents of the class struggle are also not averse to turning a blind eye to unpleasant facts or explaining them as historical necessity. In this case, this is a "campaign for zipuns." It’s quite a gangster event.
    2. wax
      wax 14 December 2017 17: 23 New
      +2
      Re-education is going well.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 14 December 2017 19: 54 New
        +2
        Quote: Wax
        Re-education is going well.

        Innocent boyars applauding.
    3. ALEA IACTA EST
      ALEA IACTA EST 14 December 2017 19: 35 New
      +3
      This was not a revolution "for all the good, against all garbage." It was a rebellion of people who reached an extreme degree of anger, they did not want universal equality or rights, they just wanted to cut the aristocracy. You can not compare Razin with Lenin, and Gayer with Liebknecht.
  12. Gopnik
    Gopnik 14 December 2017 12: 46 New
    +4
    Aunty is a banal ataman-robber. And robbing is not good. And apparently with a personal life and in general for this part she doesn’t really. They gave out for an old man who, apparently, was not very good at female charms, needed a strong and hard-working one. After the death of her husband, a pretty widow would marry a second time (especially since there are no children from her first marriage), but no, she dumped them from the peasants in the monastery. At the first opportunity I went to rob. A kind of woman with eggs, "butch", the predecessor of the current feminists.
  13. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 14 December 2017 12: 49 New
    +3
    Reptiloid,
    No, I didn’t read it, I lived there, for example, in 83, a ten-year-old kid feet in a queue for milk in a frost of 30 degrees frost. And I also know how to listen and hear, compare and analyze facts and draw conclusions. (I am afraid, of course, to fall into narcissism, but the Doctor recognized these abilities for me)
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 14 December 2017 19: 51 New
      +1
      And how in childhood to understand howling? After all, this is a tricky thing, vile, specially developed. Again, creating a deficit ... when we lived in the Far East, the GRE party — there was nothing of this. And they returned here in 1991, moving, everything else. There --- taiga or seashore. Here ----- a communal apartment, then again moving to a separate one. Then a school. And read, do not read, ---- everything printed of that time ----- false. PR. Here in the films of those times it is sometimes explicitly stated, sometimes ---- it is possible to guess, although the films are artistic, but it is clear what events.
      1. kalibr
        kalibr 14 December 2017 20: 17 New
        +1
        Dmitry, this is not about 91 years old, but about the fact that you can’t be half believers, you can’t be half pregnant. This Alena was the "bride of Christ." Must know the scripture. And there it says: Epistle to the Ephesians
        6: 5. Slaves, obey your masters according to the flesh with
        fear and trembling, in the simplicity of your heart, as to Christ,
        6: 6. not with apparently only helpfulness as
        man-pleasing, but like the servants of Christ, fulfilling.
        And further - not only kind, but also severe!
        What did she do?
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 14 December 2017 21: 16 New
          +2
          Vyacheslav Olegovich, look how many rich people violated absolutely all the commandments
          at all times and no one reproached them. Somehow, no one recalls such Christian virtues as meekness and humility. This is all for others, those who are more victorious. And in relation to himself, a person does not want to wait for favors. He wants to get here and now at all costs.
          You wrote about the revolts of slaves and nothing, somehow no one condemned them, although the topic is known to all readers. Yes, that was probably about a year and a half ago. That's interesting, writing now, probably some readers would begin to blame these slaves .. To brand stigma? Why is there such a different attitude? Depending on the territory?
          1. kalibr
            kalibr 15 December 2017 08: 07 New
            0
            All who break the commandments of faith will be accountable to God, right? And his condemnation will be higher than human, right? So that they reproach it both in life and after it will be delivered. Wants at all costs? Fine! I am for! Let's rob the bank, kill the guards and explain - we don't want to wait. But we are lay! She was a church man. And also did not want to wait?
            Stigmatize slaves ... Why? They were not monks! So hard to understand all this?
            Where did you see a different attitude, in what? I wrote - you can’t be half variable and you can’t be half nun either. That is what it is about, not the right of the oppressed to rebellion. Rebel how much will fit! But clergymen should not do what is against Scripture and commandments!
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 15 December 2017 09: 56 New
              +1
              But what about pop Gapon? After all, do not hear that anyone would condemn him from a religious point of view. But to submit petitions was precisely forbidden.
              I'm not talking about the violations of the 21st century that are happening in front of everyone. Since this is not the topic of the article.
              I see that the concept has changed and you along with it, because under socialism you weren’t taught like that, understand? But what about the diploma and other documents?
              1. kalibr
                kalibr 15 December 2017 10: 31 New
                0
                Still, Dmitry, you are not very smart if you ask such questions. Do not be offended! Just think that the diploma is not nailed to a person with nails. That people learn all their lives and there is nothing eternal.
                1. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 15 December 2017 11: 23 New
                  +1
                  As for the mind of your opponents, you always respond categorically negatively. It was about everyone who argued with you. So I'm in a good company! But as for those who agree with you ---- they never said that they are smart. Because the only smart you consider only yourself. Well, maybe 3-4 more authors, no more. Although where are they up to you? And the diploma obtained in the USSR, as I understand it, is that you don’t mention the teacher, and you have already received a new education in higher education in the Russian Federation. And postgraduate study and dissertation are all in the Russian Federation. Previous education is so-so.
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 15 December 2017 15: 30 New
                    0
                    Something tells me that the two of you shouldn't talk. I observe this in dynamics. More than six posts per circle and the transition to personality begins. Summary: the event is futile.
                    1. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 15 December 2017 18: 47 New
                      0
                      Anton, why do you teach Vyacheslav Olegovich? This is ugly. And the whole point is that to diagnose other people's minds, which has happened repeatedly, and give unsolicited advice, speak out sharply, apparently, the habit of teachers, which they carry into ordinary life. What am I doing here? I do not appreciate other people's minds. . I ---- say hello, culturally talk and repeatedly advertise an article by Vyacheslav, which for some reason few have read. So you did not understand what it was about, although I mentioned it before. And I consider it to be the best article and it contains little-known information and important information.
                      1. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 15 December 2017 19: 27 New
                        0
                        Dmitry, having once (long ago) made a promise, I am least inclined to teach anyone, especially people whose knowledge on issues that interest me is much deeper and more extensive than mine. I only express my opinion, and to accept or oppose is the matter of the interlocutor. There are some areas of culture, art and scientifically applied knowledge in which I consider myself a specialist. But even in matters related to them, I will not impose my point of view on anyone. For my profession is such that the negative emotions associated with the resistance of the external environment, and so enough over the edge and in their additional stimulation there is not the slightest need.
                        I’ll find and read the article.
            2. Monarchist
              Monarchist 15 December 2017 16: 36 New
              +1
              VO here, I agree with you: "clergymen should not do what is against the Scriptures," but alas, you are better than knowing that a person is not perfect and clergy are no exception. How much was, is and I think there will be a "rattle".
              Remember Father Gleb Yakunin, because he violated the Scriptures.
        2. 34 region
          34 region 15 December 2017 03: 36 New
          +2
          *** 6: 5. Slaves, obey your masters in the flesh with fear and trembling, in the simplicity of your heart, as to Christ *** Is a slave a sentence or a diagnosis? And who does not want to be a slave? With this how? Is the presence of slaves an indispensable attribute of a developed society? Is a slave an enemy of the people of lords? A slave is a defeatist in rights?
        3. Monarchist
          Monarchist 15 December 2017 16: 48 New
          +1
          VO, as far as I remember: Anna went to the monastery not out of conviction, but rather from hopelessness. This is now a great many divorced women, and then where could a peasant go to live with a simple husband or in a monastery True, you can object to me that the Orthodox Church de jure denied the divorce, but yes fact
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 14 December 2017 20: 43 New
        0
        In childhood, you can not understand, but you can remember situations, conversations, media materials.
        Then, after years, remember, analyze and draw conclusions. What, in fact, is happening to me.
  14. igordok
    igordok 14 December 2017 13: 52 New
    +4
    The second illustration depicts a nun on the background of Pskov Krom. Somewhat off topic. But it’s beautiful.
  15. wax
    wax 14 December 2017 17: 20 New
    +6
    Our church does not produce such sufferers for Faith and Fatherland as a saint — it did not go to the royal family and went against the boyars for the people.
    1. ALEA IACTA EST
      ALEA IACTA EST 14 December 2017 19: 40 New
      +3
      Religion is a faith usurped by power; all of them ultimately come down to "slaughter the infidels," "Reich Huber Alles," or "Serve the Tsar."
  16. Romin
    Romin 14 December 2017 19: 44 New
    +2
    Quote: pp to Oparyshev
    Do not forget about the nuances. There were no horses in those days. On the shuttle and on, and Alyona would hardly have cut herself with sabers with anyone else, her men would be laughed at by the whole okrug. And about the “Russians,” At that time, the “Russians” were only in the environs of St. Petersburg; on the other Lands that were not yet occupied by Russia were other numerous nationalities.


    Here Ingermanlandy from Ingria would be surprised;))
    Browse through historical literature.
    Ingermanlandii (Ingria) was located near St. Petersburg, in the Leningrad region.
  17. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 14 December 2017 19: 51 New
    0
    Reptiloid,
    I have no objection.
  18. Wladwlad
    Wladwlad 14 December 2017 22: 45 New
    +3
    Too many lies in Iztoria from the Russian Orthodox Church. Razin is a robber. Pugachev, too. But for Pugachev, Suvorov received the generalissimo - OUTSIDE.
    "Call Emelka Pugachev and forget forever" (Catherine 2)
    Yes, and the "Grishka Otrepyev" the same Romanovs recognized as king, and then they killed and called "Otrepyev".
  19. kalibr
    kalibr 15 December 2017 08: 15 New
    0
    Reptiloid,
    The hardships of war and the hardships of peace are two different things. The first can be endured. The second - cause only bitterness against the system of allowing them!
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 15 December 2017 09: 26 New
      +1
      Undoubtedly! And the difficulties that the USSR suffered in its path are one of the main arguments that the Communists bring in such disputes. It would be possible to draw analogies with Israel, but there would be a ton of “stigmatists” (moreover, from antagonistic camps) who would say that this was a Masoidon plot and Shpakovsky was its standard bearer.
  20. Monarchist
    Monarchist 15 December 2017 16: 21 New
    +1
    Quote: Weyland
    Quote: bober1982
    it will be possible Lenka Panteleeva or Sonya Golden Handle in the fighters with the exploiters to determine.

    And who exploited Lenka Panteleev? And he was a fair fighter with the exploiters - when he served in the Cheka!

    The bandit was still that. The TV series “Born of the Revolution” shows how he escaped from prison and how he died, but I have doubts whether everything was like that?
  21. Monarchist
    Monarchist 15 December 2017 16: 25 New
    +1
    Quote: kalibr
    Still, Dmitry, you are not very smart if you ask such questions. Do not be offended! Just think that the diploma is not nailed to a person with nails. That people learn all their lives and there is nothing eternal.

    And how many people have a fake diploma?
  22. Monarchist
    Monarchist 15 December 2017 17: 19 New
    +1
    Quote: Reptiloid
    Peter l continued the previous reforms, including church ones. Their beginning coincided with riots.

    Here I agree with you: if you look, then Peter, in fact, continued starting from Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
    By the way: Peter the Great was not the son of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (read Buganov "Peter the Great and His Time"), but if he was not the blood son of Alexei Mikhailovich, then he was a "spiritual son" if such a definition is appropriate
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 15 December 2017 19: 11 New
      0
      Somehow I rarely meet you, Slava. I read something like that on Peter’s theme, but for a long time. It is necessary to revive, read. And what historical books are you reading now, if not a secret, of course? You always had a good selection of serious literature.