Military Review

Orphaned Russians

Orphaned Russians

8 December 1991 was the head of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin, President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk and Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus Stanislav Shushkevich signed the Belovezhskaya Agreement, which is considered to have finally legalized the collapse of the USSR and laid the foundation for the formation of the CIS.

It should be noted that the President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev spoke with the draft of the new union treaty. He believed that he had achieved agreement on this from the majority of the leaders of the republics. But Yeltsin, who fought with Gorbachev for power, was ahead of the events. 26 years ago, in the Belovezhskaya Pushcha, the founding states of the Soviet Union signed agreements proclaiming the cessation of the existence of this state.

Much has been written and said about the consequences of the hasty collapse (or rather the collapse) of the USSR. Leaders of all republics, with the exception of Nursultan Nazarbayev, sought to secure independence in order to reassign state bodies. Gorbachev, in turn, hoped to remain the president of what used to be called the Soviet Union.

The most important question for researchers of that period is the attitude of the citizens themselves to the collapse of the USSR. Definitely, one can only say that the vast majority of the inhabitants of the Baltic States wanted to leave the Soviet Union. Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia were the first to declare their independence in 1988-1989.

Opponents of the collapse of the USSR consider the disappearance of the Soviet empire illegal and contrary to the will of the citizens. The proof is a March 17 referendum on 1991, in which 76% of voters did not support the collapse of the Soviet Union.

At the same time, the fact that the plebiscite did not take place in the Baltic States, Moldova, Georgia and Armenia, which at that time were fully engaged in arranging their independence, is omitted. In addition, the referendum assumed the preservation of the Soviet state "as a renewed federation of equal sovereign republics." That is, in any case, the USSR in its previous form could not be.

Russian society, which was de facto the foundation of the USSR, was disoriented. In 1991, Yeltsin seemed a strong leader who knows "how to do better" and "where to lead the country." Citizens of the RSFSR wanted change (of course, it was only positive) and the figure of Boris Nikolayevich became the embodiment of this will. Therefore, the statements in the spirit of "no one wanted to break up" look not very reasonable.

In practice, the parade of sovereignties turned into a monstrous economic collapse in the entire post-Soviet space. The most terrible test for the peoples of the former USSR were civil conflicts. Almost every nationality and even nationality suddenly began to consider itself special, and not a part of something whole and stronger.

Bloody events on ethnic and religious grounds unfolded in Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, Ossetia and Tajikistan. A less violent conflict occurred in Transnistria. New Russia with great difficulty settled affairs with Chechnya and Tatarstan.

The main trend in the newly formed republics was the policy of building a national state. One of the ideological foundations was the opposition of Russia and Russian culture with its richest language. More than 20 of millions of Russians in the Baltic States, Central Asia and the Caucasus instantly felt unwanted guests.

“Russian pogroms” periodically took place in large cities. The Russians were associated with the already hated Soviet past, with the state, which prevented the attainment of the long-awaited independence. Some Russians lost their jobs due to the economic decline. And those who tried to adapt to the new reality, experienced outright discrimination.

In the Baltics, Russians were banned from obtaining citizenship; in the Caucasus and Central Asia, Russians were beaten and forced to go home. The Russians, who mostly worked in skilled and managerial positions, instantly became second-rate people.

Russophobia on the rubble of the USSR was a manifestation of not only unconscious hatred of another people. It was also envy. The Russians brought to the outskirts of the Soviet Union the fruits of civilization: advanced medicine, education, high-tech industry. The Russians held a high social position and the lower classes, consisting of an ethnic majority, experienced what is commonly called an inferiority complex.

For example, few people know that in Tajikistan aviation plant and mining facilities. Dushanbe before the Civil War was literally a flourishing city. Now the republic lacks not only production, but also the economy, since almost all working-age males work in Russia.

The Belovezhsk agreements and this notorious independence were quite sincerely happy. Balts rejoiced, Ukrainians rejoiced, Azeris rejoiced, Georgians rejoiced, Armenians rejoiced, Uzbeks rejoiced, Turkmen rejoiced, Tajiks rejoiced. The collapse of the USSR and many citizens of the RSFSR were happy.

This silly infantile joy has remained even today. In the post-Soviet space, we observe it annually in the form of the celebration of Independence Days. Each republic celebrates the Day of the announcement of secession from the USSR as a national holiday. Russia is no exception. We celebrate this Day 12 of June and in parallel helmet congratulatory telegrams to the current leaders of the former Soviet Socialist Republics. Although most of all for this independence paid Russia and the Russians, who lost their home forever.
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  1. gafarovsafar
    gafarovsafar 12 December 2017 15: 38
    For the first time I heard about an aircraft factory. The mining industry agreed while there was uranium ore, Russia powerfully provided but only its (those who processed this ore) Tajikistan and in Soviet times was poor. Another thing is the Uzbeks. They were able to snatch tidbits from the union in the form of plants and factories with a finished production cycle
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 12 December 2017 18: 12
      Quote: gafarovsafar
      For the first time I hear about an aircraft factory.

      Yes, I heard about the plant named after Chkalov in Uzbekistan, but this ...
    2. opus
      opus 12 December 2017 22: 18
      Quote: gafarovsafar
      For the first time I hear about the aviation plant

      branch of the Novosibirsk Aviation Plant.
      The facility was located on the site of today's market "Korvon"

      Not built. Could provide employment for 10 thousand people

      Based on the decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers, the Tajik Experimental Association “Sitora” was created.


      regular flights appeared in Dushanbe on 2 a year before the road and 5 years before the rail.
      1. dSK
        dSK 13 December 2017 08: 07
        Hello Anton!
        Orphaned Russians
        "The return of the Old Believers from the countries of the Russian Diaspora to their historical homeland - the most important task set personally by the Head of the State of Russia Vladimir Putin to the Ministry of Development of the Far East and other departments of our country. “Flesh from the flesh of the Russian people” - until recently it was very difficult to hear these words from a government official of such a high level. But recently, for many it has become obvious: it is not enough to draw beautiful figures in reports on demographic policy. To preserve the Russian State, it is necessary to collect the Russian People. "(Article on the first Russian TV channel Tsargrad 06: 15., 13.12.17) Consolidation and Mobilization. hi
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 12 December 2017 15: 39
    Although most of all for this independence Russia and the Russians paid, who forever lost their home.
    ... paid and pays ...
    1. Alena Frolovna
      Alena Frolovna 12 December 2017 19: 12

      Bialowieza Agreement. Hood. Pyotr Kireev, Krech. 2014

      I would like to return to the USSR
      Make an appointment with Stalin,
      Talking about everything that’s happening now
      In a country stolen from a people.
      I would like to see the USSR,
      Where the warrior and the laborer are glorified
      I would like to set my country as an example
      With Mayakovsky heartbroken.
      That is the era of the Great Soul,
      What dozed in Russia for centuries.
      And now?!
      Hey there, you bad boys!
      You are only one interjection for us.
      Nothing, we still compete with you!
      We’ll put a shout into the sky to hear:
      Know with- do it yourself
      We embroidered a red banner for ourselves new!
      Nick Norman
  3. Lexus
    Lexus 12 December 2017 15: 42
    Thank you for the article. It is a pity that the topic is sad ...
  4. Romey
    Romey 12 December 2017 16: 08
    A sad anniversary ... If only because the Russians, as a state-forming people, have finally lost their state. The Russian Empire was Russia in fact and in fact, the USSR was Russia not in fact, but in fact. Russian people, like any citizen of the USSR of other nationalities, could, with a few exceptions in the form of some specific places in Western Ukraine, Central Asia and the Caucasus, be able to live and work almost anywhere, subject to local customs. And now? Take at least the issue of citizenship. At the diasporas, all FMS employees were pre-bought in bulk for wealthy or needed applicants (remember the case of a terrorist attack in the St. Petersburg metro), and Russians perceive them only as a source of additional work instead of coffee drinking ... And this humiliating language exam? And that's not counting everything else ...
  5. sds87
    sds87 12 December 2017 16: 10
    The elite of the USSR wanted an elite life. Received. The rulers of the republics are independence. Received. The people received genocide from changing elites and becoming independent republics. Now neo-feudal lords rule the ball. Slaves drink bitter.
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 13 December 2017 00: 41
      Diasporas have all FMS employees bought in advance in bulk

      Remember the summer saga with Russian driver's licenses for foreign drivers for hire ... 85 thousand re - and that's all right!
    2. kush62
      kush62 13 December 2017 01: 04
      sds87 Yesterday, 16:10
      The elite of the USSR wanted an elite life. Received. The rulers of the republics are independence. Received. The people received genocide from changing elites and becoming independent republics. Now neo-feudal lords rule the ball. Slaves drink bitter.

      Call in your own words. The elite are for the most part bosses and members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union approached to them.
      1. sds87
        sds87 13 December 2017 09: 23
        Quote: kush62
        Call in your own words. The elite are for the most part bosses and members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union approached to them.

        Speak correctly. I meant them. And who else in the USSR could be considered an elite? People of creative professions - they also all quickly changed their shoes in a jump.
  6. The comment was deleted.
    1. captain
      captain 12 December 2017 17: 34
      Quote: Fox
      recently read a book by E.Semyonova Etnovoyna ... there is more.
      and friends who lived in the republics told everything. I advise you to read, to KNOW who and why is hiding in Russia. Yes, and Putin's role in this Russian genocide.

      Well, not Putin gave the Russian lands, along with the Russian people, artificially created allied and autonomous entities. Grandfather Lenin came up with Union and autonomous formations. He gave, as a master of his serfs of Russian nationality, to nationalists of various stripes and nationalities. Kazakhs, Kyrgyzstan, the republics of the North Caucasus, Georgia, Ukraine, the Baltic republics and even Belarus. In Ukraine, in general, beauty; even Russophobe Grushevsky was discharged from Poland, along with a bunch of Galician teachers, to Ukrainize the Russians. Even the nationalists Stalin, Orzhenikidze, Dzerzhinsky were against the ideas of the wild Russophobe Lenin in the field of national politics and administrative division. All built at the expense of Russia. At the expense of the peoples of the RSFSR.
      1. sa-ag
        sa-ag 12 December 2017 18: 16
        But in general, how do you imagine the country's structure, when one collapsed and there is nothing new yet? And yes, you need to be supported on the ground, otherwise your whole idea is zilch and everyone will be against you
  7. borys
    borys 12 December 2017 19: 30
    The problems are serious, but the trouble is that the author is illiterate and does not know the actual material.
    What is the pearl about the aircraft factory in Tajikistan!
  8. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 12 December 2017 20: 08
    I went out into the pole, I went out into the clean,
    I was young, I believed - everything is up to me
    In a hurricane, whether in battle I stand and stand,
    And it will happen to die - I will not lower my eyes.
    And that little pole bloomed blue and pink,
    I thought, I dreamed - as in an honest battle
    I will die for the dear, I will die for the motherland,
    I will die for my Soviet homeland.
    I did not go to war, I did not come with victory,
    But while everything was thought and dreamed of me,
    How it happened, it happened, I don’t know it myself
    I looked at my homeland, and she was on fire.
    I go out into the pole, I go out into the clean,
    My silushka has become useless to anyone
    Not a haze, not a shot - only I could not stand it,
    I have not betrayed anyone, but I will not raise my eyes.
    Sorry, my dear, sorry, my family,
    Vote ravens, I’ll sing you along
    In the field, whether under the fence - anyway for the motherland,
    I will die for my great homeland!

    Gennady Zavolokin "I went out into the pole"
    Find and listen. It's worth it...
  9. Conductor
    Conductor 12 December 2017 22: 21
    Yes, the citizen of the Russian Federation himself received in 2007-08, according to a simplified procedure. There would be no sensible guiding document where an exhaustive list of documents would be clearly defined, something they just did not come up with, from providing a certificate that Almaty was previously Alma-Ata, to notarizing its FMS document of my registration. Then he found a way to the deputy head of the Federal Migration Service in the region, so he himself was surprised to learn that I was already a citizen of the Russian Federation as a month and a half, just the employees of the district department were not eager to go for documents, everyone was busy with all kinds of gastaras. . But after his call, right after 3 days I was handed a passport. And then there was a registration (that is history) Registration on the military register, I was surprised by these military commissariat officers that people, mmm, are not competent in general. The whole beginning of the 2nd department told me picturesquely that such a thing as military registration when changing citizenship, it’s half a year, at least I went to his employees, put a box of chocolates, sat down, talked, one husband served near Alma-Ata, after 2 weeks the soldier was in his arms, it’s a pity they asked him not to go to that underground and not to poke a soldier in his face.
  10. turbris
    turbris 12 December 2017 22: 29
    The USSR destroyed the betrayal of the Politburo and the Central Committee of the CPSU, all three of them in Belovezhskaya Pushcha are functionaries of the Central Committee of the CPSU, and the people - yes, really rejoiced at how he was deceived, in Ukraine they said that now the bread will become cheaper, otherwise we feed everyone, we did not wait truth. About Soviet power - the "scoop" in their own way, fables are still told so successfully that even those living under the Soviet regime begin to believe in it. Of course we lost a huge country, but we could still live together if the local kings did not want to become presidents.
  11. victorrat
    victorrat 12 December 2017 23: 03
    A bitter topic and completely stupid. What is it now to wave fists after a fight? There was a factory there, it wasn’t what the difference .. The main thing is that everyone was happy, like fools, of strange independence. How to drink on the opium wars. No ethnic group wanted to see the obvious. That is, the destruction of the economy, as a result of the collapse. The years of Soviet power taught to trust the general secretaries, the party line. The party was gone, but the habit remained. Well, congresses of people's deputies)))))) The new Constituent Assembly. History lessons do not teach anything. Elementary technologies turn people into a crowd, which rushed to hand over vouchers to mythical funds, to sell rubles at 3 at stalls with the Royal. I think they got it right. Well deserved. And you can only complain about yourself. The army turned out to be toothless, ready to oppose the people, live with families in tents. What their seven have suffered and you will not wish to the enemy.
  12. Conductor
    Conductor 12 December 2017 23: 35
    I had a good acquaintance from Kiev, back in 1999 I met on ICQ, then I was on a business trip in Kiev, met, sat so nicely. But when the crisis was Yushchenko or Yanukovych, why didn’t I hear enough, and that Ukraine fed the whole USSR, and so on and so forth, and Dnepropetrosvka and Yanukovych have 2 squads with escaped convicts in order to go and kill Ukraine quite a bit, and that in general, if Yanukovych, then pestilence, iron and 7 executions of the Egyptian. When asked how she, as an economist, imagines that, for example, sour cream or milk or fat from Kiev is not economically dragging, for example, to Novosib! , the answer was brilliant, there the labels were redone (under the USSR). To my question, why didn’t I see the Kazakh SSR at least, they’ve altered it again, After the Maidan I wrote to her how things were, answered, I’m afraid to live with my husband in Kiev and left for Minsk. ))) Oh so, friendship of peoples.
  13. Conductor
    Conductor 13 December 2017 01: 32
    Set local gopniks on K ... yu, let him ask what A. Nevsky did there on Lake Chud, what the Russian Army piled on Frederick 2 at Gros-Jägersdorf and Kunensdorf, and why, ugly, Schengen entered Berlin in 1761 it wasn’t. and why, they didn’t blow such such Stalingrad, and T 34 from where, PPS, Katyusha. )))) And why Gagarin flew into space.
  14. German Titov
    German Titov 13 December 2017 02: 19
    I do not consider myself an orphan. "Ethnically Russian," as they say. Mom "tulyachka", dad (God forbid health) - "" Oryol-Kursk region. (Bolkhovsky district). Invaders, mines built villages restored. So here the "zero cycle was"! As it should be to the son of the invaders, "work in the mine, service in the DRA, Komsomol-youth construction, work in the mine, etc.). The Big Homeland is the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. I am a citizen of the Donetsk People’s Republic, and I’m" fond of "the opinion" states and "other split idiots."
  15. Normal ok
    Normal ok 13 December 2017 02: 56
    What to say about THIS now ....... Now you can either grieve, or analyze how to break the deadlock. It makes no sense to grieve. Serious analysis, in the course of not ripe. And time is running out.
  16. tasha
    tasha 13 December 2017 04: 44
    The Russians, who mainly worked in skilled and managerial positions, instantly became second-class people.

    Russophobia on the rubble of the USSR was a manifestation of not only unconscious hatred of another people. It was also envy. The Russians brought to the outskirts of the Soviet Union the fruits of civilization: advanced medicine, education, high-tech industry. The Russians held a high social position and the lower classes, consisting of an ethnic majority, experienced what is commonly called an inferiority complex.

    I wonder where did these Russians go? wink
  17. Shurale
    Shurale 13 December 2017 07: 25
    12 June? Celebration? No, have not heard...
  18. Dry_T-50
    Dry_T-50 13 December 2017 18: 14
    Well, that was, it passed.
    Than to pour crocodile tears, it is better to think how to be today and tomorrow
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  21. cedar
    cedar 15 December 2017 09: 36

    "A lot has been written and said about the consequences of the hasty collapse (or rather the collapse) of the USSR."

    While in the minds of millions will spin, imposed by a trap, a clear statement that the USSR has collapsed, collapsed, we will continue to decay and fall apart. The author does not understand this, but he is not alone ...
    The USSR was defeated in the Cold War. Russia and the former republics are under the political, economic, and spiritual occupation of the United States. State Department, IMF, Fed ...
    Putin became the leader of the Russian National Liberation Movement from this unipolar trap world and, as far as possible, counteracts the invaders.
    But as long as the idea of ​​self-decay and the collapse of the USSR reigns in the head of the Russians, we are not Putin's helpers, moreover, we are accomplices of the invaders and their blind guns, free or not free, there is no difference for the liberation of Russia from arrogant Saxons.