Military Review

Constitution day. Can the Basic Law become a binding law for all?

53
The Constitution of the Russian Federation. What associations arise among those citizens of Russia who were, if I may say so, at a conscious age, when the main document of the country a couple of years after the collapse of the USSR was adopted? Sociological studies show that among the wealth of opinions of Russians about the adoption of the Constitution of December 12 1993, the opinion prevails about a kind of overlap of most of the items in the new version of the main set of laws. Obsessions from the outside.


In the interview "Russian newspaper" Pavel Krasheninnikov, head of the State Duma Committee on State Construction and Legislation, who participated in the drafting of the 1993 Constitution, states that there was no overlap. Allegedly, the Constitution of the Russian Federation was born purely sovereign - with the only remark that “Russian experts studied a complex of constitutional acts of other countries”. As examples, Pavel Krasheninnikov cites the basic laws of the United States, European countries, and even the constitution of India — states with a federal form of organization.

However, you can study many foreign examples, but here the main final option. And the option has a clear bias towards the constitutions of the so-called “progressive democracies”. On the one hand, this is wonderful, because democracy is like the rule of the people. But after the birth of the new Constitution, it literally immediately became clear that the Basic Law is in itself, and life in the country is in itself. One of the examples is Article 2 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. So it sounds:

“Man, his rights and freedoms are the highest value. Recognition, observance and protection of the rights and freedoms of a person and citizen is the duty of the state. ”

Against the background of a total crisis that paralyzed the state after the collapse of the USSR, the very concept of “human rights and freedoms” became an open mockery of tens of millions of Russians. When the majority of the citizens of the country were busy with the questions: “how to survive?”, “How to feed a family?”, Then rights and freedoms were somehow not remembered. Moreover, people did not want to think that the freedom to be an engineer, a scientist, a teacher who sells radio components on a flea market can be a “supreme value” and even be defended by the state.

Article 3, from point 2: “The people exercise their power directly, as well as through state authorities and local governments”, from point 3 of the same article: “The highest direct expression of the people’s power is referendum and free elections”.

If the highest direct expression of people's power is elections and a referendum, then it turns out that there is also some kind of “not higher” opportunity for the people to exercise power. Apparently, talking about meetings, rallies and the like, the holding of which is already described by separate laws. Yes, in 90, there were plenty of meetings and meetings, but it was just that the popular will didn’t work well with the realization of them. Why are there meetings, when both referendums and free elections eventually turned into a farce.

It is worth recalling that the falsification of the 1996 election results of the year was recognized not only as a losing candidate, but also by many Russian politicians who know what it is about. The people who then came to the polling stations to exercise "the highest direct expression of power through free elections" turned out to be deceived. In fact, we are talking about deception by those who at one time created the new Constitution. And it showed that the creators of the Basic Law themselves can easily turn into its main violators - there would be a personal interest.

Article 4. Item 1 "The sovereignty of the Russian Federation applies to its entire territory." Clause 2 of the same article: "The Constitution of the Russian Federation and federal laws are supremacy throughout the territory of the Russian Federation."

Yes?

Year 1996. Western "friends" actively promoted the idea of ​​signing the famous shameful Khasavyurt agreements, when the sovereignty of the Russian Federation openly ceased to spread to Chechnya. And about the observance of Russian law there is no speech immediately after the publication of the new Basic Law of the country. But these are the very "friends" who initially showed a big thumbs up, demonstrating the approval of the new Constitution of Russia. It turns out, openly contributed to the violation.

In general, our Constitution, which, they themselves say, is so trying to protect the ultra-liberals - the singers of the “great fathers of the Basic Law”, has in fact been subjected to abuse since the signing by the main democrat of that time in Russia - Boris Yeltsin. First of all, the abuse was committed by the persons themselves, who today are trying to allege contemporary anti-constitutional violations. If so, what did you start with? Is it not a violation? From them, from them.

This is alarming. People who in the 90-e were in the highest echelons of power, in fact, having made a state (unconstitutional) coup, are now rushing to power with all their forces, while appealing to the Constitution. Also funny, really. A sort of champions of constitutional principles, which ... walked the country once and now declare that they would strictly observe the Constitution strictly as opposed to "from these". This hypocrisy and the simultaneous thirst for revanchism - to return the country at a time when constitutional norms were interpreted as flexibly as the interpreters needed.



Today they are far from being unshakeable, but this is our main task - to make our own, feasible, contribution to the Basic Law as a result of really straightening into the Basic Law - for everyone and for everyone, and not remaining a book “137 interpretations. For the Constitution to become a set of rules for any citizen of the country, and not a flexible system for the circle of the "elect." Say: utopia is utopia? Who knows ... Sometimes utopias become reality. Shrug off, of course, much easier. But isn’t that why they brush us off so often?
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  1. Seraphimamur
    Seraphimamur 12 December 2017 05: 53 New
    23
    The Constitution of the Russian Federation is written under the dictation of the employees of the State Department as for the country of the colony. To move forward, a new constitution is needed.
    1. BecmepH
      BecmepH 12 December 2017 08: 25 New
      +1
      Quote: Seraphimamur
      The Constitution of the Russian Federation is dictated

      Dictation, so to speak ...
      The teacher is successful, the student is successful ...
    2. Sail
      Sail 12 December 2017 08: 45 New
      17
      The 1936 Constitution of the USSR reflected the will and aspirations of the working people, all that was later was dust.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 12 December 2017 15: 37 New
        +6
        Quote: Segel
        The 1936 Constitution of the USSR reflected the will and aspirations of the working people, all that was later was dust.
        Actually, the 1977 Constitution was not bad, where social buns were expanding for the people, but the role of the CPSU as a leading and a guiding line was raised .... But anyway, how did the USSR collapse under the stroke of the feather of three diving birds in Belovezhskaya Pushcha with the tacit consent of Gorochev, one cannot call constitutional.
    3. Antianglosax
      Antianglosax 12 December 2017 11: 19 New
      +9
      Quote: Seraphimamur
      The Constitution of the Russian Federation is written under the dictation of the employees of the State Department as for the country of the colony. To move forward, a new constitution is needed.

      The current constitution is prostitution! Vyser drunk ebna and his accomplices walruses, western sixes. Change as soon as possible, no matter what! However, the stinking shobla in the State Duma four times put off this question, especially the rotten food was against it. It may end all zilch, as usual.
      1. Alber
        Alber 16 December 2017 08: 18 New
        0
        Quote: Antianglosaks
        Quote: Seraphimamur
        The Constitution of the Russian Federation is written under the dictation of the employees of the State Department as for the country of the colony. To move forward, a new constitution is needed.

        The current constitution is prostitution! Vyser drunk ebna and his accomplices walruses, western sixes. Change as soon as possible, no matter what! However, the stinking shobla in the State Duma four times put off this question, especially the rotten food was against it. It may end all zilch, as usual.

        Power holders rotate the constitution and laws in one place all 360 degrees as they wanted
    4. Blombirus
      Blombirus 12 December 2017 19: 16 New
      +3
      EBNovskaya constitution, this is an American diversion. It is imprisoned for the destruction of Russia.
      1. Tatar 174
        Tatar 174 12 December 2017 19: 59 New
        +1
        Quote: BlombiRus
        EBNovskaya constitution, this is an American diversion. It is imprisoned for the destruction of Russia.

        Guys, let's give specific examples, otherwise your words without specifics are unproven, as it were ...
        Can the Basic Law become a binding law for everyone?

        Why is the question posed by the author of the article? Those. In your opinion, the Basic Law may not be mandatory for everyone?
        PMSM In any case, the current Constitution was written at the very beginning of the "Time of Troubles", when there was a lot of everything unclear and it is subject to correction today.
        1. Alber
          Alber 16 December 2017 08: 19 New
          0
          Quote: Tartar 174
          the current Constitution was written at the very beginning of the "Time of Troubles", when there was a lot of everything unclear and today it is subject to corrections.


          It is subject to cancellation as not meeting the requirements of the people!
    5. Sotskiy
      Sotskiy 12 December 2017 22: 31 New
      +1
      Quote: Seraphimamur
      The Constitution of the Russian Federation is written under the dictation of the employees of the State Department as for the country of the colony. To move forward, a new constitution is needed.

      And for a new OZ to appear, you need to reformat the existing system. And this is impossible to do only within the framework of the current electoral system. And therefore - stability: "The tops do not want, but the lower classes can not").
      1. AUL
        AUL 12 December 2017 23: 45 New
        +3
        You can scold the current constitution, you can adopt a new one, you can return to the constitution of 77 or 36 years - but what's the point? The point is not the constitution itself, but the fact that those in power have long put a bolt on it, and they will also put it on any other! The problem is ...
    6. mih_sergeev92
      mih_sergeev92 16 December 2017 19: 31 New
      0
      Unfortunately, few people now remember the events of October 93, and the fact that the constitution was written in the blood of the defenders of the Supreme Council. Now in the official media no one calls this event a coup and usurpation of power, but constitution day is considered a very important stage in the formation of "democracy."
  2. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 12 December 2017 05: 54 New
    20
    our main task is to make our own, feasible, contribution to ensure that the Basic Law eventually straightens out truly in the Basic Law - for everyone and for everyone, and does not remain the book “137 Interpretations”
    what how Alexei, and how to "contribute," the people, according to the new constitution, became Abstract. they are not going to change the judicial system either, it is so convenient, those in power can “turn out” any law, they can in their favor, the inevitability of punishment has not become. request
    1. BecmepH
      BecmepH 12 December 2017 08: 28 New
      18
      Quote: Andrew Y.
      the inevitability of punishment is gone.

      A little bit wrong. Punishment is inevitable, but the approach is individual.
      Or ... The lower the status of a person, the punishment is inevitable.
      1. novel66
        novel66 12 December 2017 09: 35 New
        +9
        in traffic rules, you must finally introduce the rule - the more expensive the car, the less rules you must follow
  3. Vovan 73
    Vovan 73 12 December 2017 05: 56 New
    23
    The popular name of this day is now the day of prostitution. And the voice of the people, as they say, is the voice of God.
    I was born and raised in the USSR and have never heard such an expression from my parents about the day of the Soviet constitution, by the way, he was also in December
    1. BecmepH
      BecmepH 12 December 2017 08: 29 New
      +3
      Quote: Vova 73
      by the way, he was also in December

      and seemingly even "red"
    2. novel66
      novel66 12 December 2017 09: 39 New
      +8
      “All countries live according to the laws, and Russia lives according to proverbs and sayings.”

      Alexander ll
  4. Shurale
    Shurale 12 December 2017 06: 20 New
    +9
    I personally do not celebrate the day of prostitution ...
  5. NKVD
    NKVD 12 December 2017 06: 24 New
    10
    The law of Yarovaya trampled the constitution, what else to note.
    1. Danash I
      Danash I 12 December 2017 17: 07 New
      +1
      Like what? A D, R, Spring-great lawyer of the Russian Federation! Together we raise glasses with axes!
  6. Severok
    Severok 12 December 2017 06: 37 New
    27
    What??? Is there a constitution in Russia ??? Yes, hell! But looking at the pornography that the State Duma accepts in tons and the advice of the pederation can never be said that it exists!
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 12 December 2017 19: 12 New
      +3
      Quote: Severok
      What??? Is there a constitution in Russia ??? Yes, hell! But looking at the pornography that the State Duma accepts in tons and the advice of the pederation can never be said that it exists!

  7. cedar
    cedar 12 December 2017 07: 07 New
    12
    "Constitution day. Can Does the Basic Law Become a Binding Law for Everyone? "

    Can not.
    Money is power. So far, the US Federal Reserve System (a private shop of world bankers), according to "our" Constitution, Art. 75, manages "our" Central Bank (Central Bank of RUSSIA!), Ie a printing press, i.e. credit money RUSSIA, i.e. the money of each of us, YOU dear!
    Does it make sense after this to talk about the remaining articles of this Constitution of the Fed?

    P.S. To the heap ... December 13 must be done as "the day of prostitution," the oldest profession in constant demand, now legalized in the Russian Federation.
  8. Stas157
    Stas157 12 December 2017 07: 19 New
    17
    The Constitution is the basic law of the state, having the highest legal force. The President is the guarantor of compliance with this Constitution. So in connection with this I have a question:
    - And can the president run for the next term (has the moral right), if for all the previous ones, he could not in any way guarantee the observance of the Constitution as the main law of the Russian Federation?
    What kind of legality in Russia can one talk about if the President was never respected in the first place?
    These are absolutely not uncommon questions.
    1. twviewer
      twviewer 12 December 2017 15: 51 New
      +3
      straight line:
  9. Stas157
    Stas157 12 December 2017 07: 32 New
    17
    . Article 2 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. So it sounds:
    “Man, his rights and freedoms are the highest value. Recognition, observance and protection of the rights and freedoms of a person and citizen is the duty of the state. ”

    It is urgent to change the Constitution! Amend that this article applies only to oligarchs and officials, but not to 30 million Russians who are below the poverty line.
    And then uncomfortable somehow becomes for the president! He has such an honest look, because he inspires confidence in most Russians.
    1. Bulrumeb
      Bulrumeb 12 December 2017 09: 39 New
      +7
      Of course, replace the "man" with the "oligarch" and everything will fall into place
  10. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 12 December 2017 07: 50 New
    +1
    Forcing everyone, without exception, to comply with the requirements of the law and eliminate the asymmetry of the federal structure are the main tasks in the near future.
  11. Gardamir
    Gardamir 12 December 2017 08: 03 New
    13
    Everyone wants to amend the constitution, but let's just start to comply. Well, here is an example for patriots, in the Constitution there is no prime minister, there is a head of government. If someone says that it doesn’t matter, then the rest of the articles of the constitution are unimportant.
    And then the Constitution is a declaration. Here is an example.
    Article 7

    1. The Russian Federation is a social state whose policy is aimed at creating conditions that ensure a decent life and free development of a person.

    2. Labor and health of the people are protected in the Russian Federation, a guaranteed minimum wage is established, state support for the family, motherhood, fatherhood and childhood, the disabled and senior citizens is provided, a system of social services is being developed, state pensions, benefits and other guarantees of social protection are established.

    Already on these two points, both the government and the guarantor themselves violate the Constitution. Or will they justify themselves that now is supposedly a war?
    1. Romey
      Romey 12 December 2017 16: 33 New
      +1
      Colleague! If everything was so simple ... Yes, figs with him as he is called, (prime minister, this is an abbreviation for convenience, in the Republic of Ingushetia and the USSR there was also no such official position, but there was a chairman of the Council of Ministers, you see, long and inconvenient). Another thing is that under this Constitution the prime minister is assigned the role of a bad boyar with a good king, which in itself already testifies to its inadequacy as the main Law. And these weaknesses lack numbers ... Maybe. I repeat, but it is this Constitution that legislates the total irresponsibility and impunity of the Russian authorities.
  12. solzh
    solzh 12 December 2017 08: 30 New
    +6
    1. The people of Russia were not given the right to choose a constitution, they simply told him in 1993, after a coup d'état, perfect ebn: here’s the constitution, vote for it by universal suffrage.
    2. I have the impression that our constitution is needed for pro forma. Our laws contradict the constitution of the Russian Federation.
  13. andrej-shironov
    andrej-shironov 12 December 2017 09: 29 New
    +5
    Dear author! I repeat once again: the current government in the Russian Federation is not legitimate.
    1. Antianglosax
      Antianglosax 12 December 2017 11: 23 New
      +3
      Quote: andrej-shironov
      Dear author! I repeat once again: the current government in the Russian Federation is not legitimate.

      And everyone knows that. 90% of the population have not had such fierce hatred of the authorities for 100 years already. How can this country develop in such conditions?
  14. Bulrumeb
    Bulrumeb 12 December 2017 09: 36 New
    +3
    What do you want from the people if the government itself does not comply with the Constitution?
  15. novel66
    novel66 12 December 2017 09: 41 New
    +2
    “It’s easy to rule Russia, but completely useless.”
    Alexander ll
  16. Brushing
    Brushing 12 December 2017 10: 15 New
    +1
    "Constitution of Russia" ??? - Ha ha ha .... wassat
  17. Old warrior
    Old warrior 12 December 2017 10: 27 New
    +7
    I did not vote for this Constitution. The 1936 Constitution is disproportionately fairer.
  18. cedar
    cedar 12 December 2017 12: 41 New
    +1
    Quote: Stas157
    What kind of legality in Russia can one talk about if the President was never respected in the first place?


    If he complied, he would not be Putin, but an EBN. He reached the point that pieces began to fall off from Russia, and the people rushed through democracy, progress and freedom, to their fifteen millionth state of slaves of the Nuggets, as Madame Thatcher had planned ... But then a new guarantor appeared. And the constitution is old. Western Fed under EBNov written ...
    It is necessary to adopt a new Constitution, under Putin ...
  19. ul_vitalii
    ul_vitalii 12 December 2017 13: 41 New
    +8
    As Pugovkin used to say, the book is interesting, but no more. But this is the basic law and if the content is imposed on our lives, then there will be a reason to talk about, argue, possibly with foam at the mouth.
  20. seacap
    seacap 12 December 2017 16: 37 New
    0
    The Constitution is good, but with us it is just a declaration of intent, for example, abstract dreams of a bright future, a piece of paper about nothing, no one and no obligation, does not protect life in our realities. The same military personnel who voluntarily renounced civilian freedoms who gave soul and body, in the literal sense of the word, for selfless service to the country and people, by occupation, risking their health and life every day, having versatile and excellent education and skills, having at their disposal multi-billion dollar material resources, a single estate and only our country, which is subjected to humiliating discrimination on a professional basis. It is unclear why a site that positions itself with a military theme is so shy about it. Only for high-ranking employees discharged to the reserve, in violation of all laws on the status of high-ranking officers, a pension coefficient of 1,9 , 99, only for a / s pension is indexed from time to time according to special orders. Moreover, a / s laid off before XNUMX, i.e., people who have passed the most difficult trials and humiliations for our army, which have preserved traditions, and even the Russian army itself and at the cost of life, by begging and starving, often naked, receiving cuffs and spitting from their own people, went into battle saving the country from numerous conflicts, so they once again humiliated and discriminated against after leaving the reserve by the fact that their pensions were not indexed according to the salaries after the increase. This is how our social state relates to us, for which we laid down our lives and our families. our bureaucrats-ghouls do not care about the constitution and even about their people, the main thing is not to offend yourself.
    1. Danash I
      Danash I 12 December 2017 17: 19 New
      0
      I’ll tell you a terrible secret, no money. But you hold on.
      1. Rusland
        Rusland 12 December 2017 17: 36 New
        +8
        And where are they not ours you ours?
  21. fa2998
    fa2998 12 December 2017 17: 10 New
    +1
    Quote: Still running
    "Constitution of Russia" ??? - Ha ha ha .... wassat

    Art. 3 "... referendum and free elections." - to remove from the Constitution, we do not have the first or second!
    The Constitution and the Criminal Code turned into unnecessary pieces of paper! They are applied selectively, with an eye out. To whom everything is possible, to another, in all severity! negative hi
  22. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov 12 December 2017 19: 07 New
    +1
    Quote: fa2998
    Quote: Still running
    "Constitution of Russia" ??? - Ha ha ha .... wassat

    Art. 3 "... referendum and free elections." - to remove from the Constitution, we do not have the first or second!
    The Constitution and the Criminal Code turned into unnecessary pieces of paper! They are applied selectively, with an eye out. To whom everything is possible, to another, in all severity! negative hi


    The power in the country belongs to officials. Laws are written for the beauty of the picture. The main thing is enforcement. And officials, for their own benefit, apply the law (or do not apply) as they want. And they are not responsible for this. Ktozh attract them?

    Judges have long lost fear. All sorts of Criminal Code, Civil Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and CCP have long ceased to be the Law, and have turned into some sacred texts arbitrarily interpreted by priests in robes for "donations" or on the orders of authorities ...
    Anyone interested in the details https://m.vk.com/id453567502
  23. turbris
    turbris 12 December 2017 19: 36 New
    0
    I am not a supporter of the Constitution being a monumental unshakable document, which cannot be amended. The Constitution should be a living document that corresponds to the aspirations of the people in specific historical conditions, it is very difficult to amend the Constitution now, but this must be done, not be shy. To follow the path of endless amendments, as in the USA, I don’t think it’s right, but time goes on, the country is developing and making changes is an inevitable question.
  24. AshiSolo
    AshiSolo 12 December 2017 22: 15 New
    +2
    "Constitution Day. Can the Basic Law become a binding law for everyone?"

    Very incorrect. Yes maybe. No, it will not. Strong rulers have always been respected and forgiven for deviations from generally accepted norms. Somewhere hidden, somewhere open. There’s such a story ... Climbed onto the throne - be strong. Allowed slack - get ready to leave on the pitchfork.

    PS: Without trying to incite, I really like that you have already forgiven the Olympics - silence is complete ... And they are ready to finance athletes under the white flag - silence is here too. Well, in the end they left - at the closing ceremony it will be possible with your flag ...

    I’m not a fan, just disgusting to stupor. First hysteria, then the eternal "maybe it should be?" and in the end, "Well, ours are with their flag" ...
  25. Sotskiy
    Sotskiy 12 December 2017 22: 24 New
    +1
    So that the Constitution becomes a set of rules for any citizen of the country, and not a flexible system for the circle of "elected"

    How do you imagine this in the current oligarchic-clan system?
    Can the Basic Law become a binding law for everyone?

    In our country, even in the medium term - definitely NO!
    1. turbris
      turbris 13 December 2017 13: 36 New
      0
      Let's not talk about the oligarchic-clan system? Already tired, let's name specifically the oligarchs in the government and the presidential administration - this is a system, but there are only a few oligarchs in this system, or will you again broadcast about Putin’s incredible wealth? You specifically do not know anything about clans - these are your personal guesses. Sorry, who is Trump? Not an oligarch, but name at least one state where oligarchs are not present in power? The oligarchs are citizens of Russia, and in accordance with the Constitution they can be in power, and under certain conditions, be elected to the Duma. Smile already, well, you did not become an oligarch - you must somehow cope with your envy, and not cry out for social justice under capitalism. They wanted socialism - so why didn’t you defend it?
      1. Sotskiy
        Sotskiy 13 December 2017 17: 05 New
        +1
        Quote: turbris
        Already tired, let's name specifically the oligarchs in the government and presidential administration - this is a system, and in this system there are only a few oligarchs

        Tired - do not read! Forcing? It seems that you arrived yesterday from the moon, no? Look at the iconic figures occupying very important posts in the structure of power and the country's economy and delve into where and who they were in the 90s and how they relate to Putin. And in what “righteous” way did they achieve such impressive results in their careers, occupying not only high-ranking posts, but also a bold stake in what they manage?)
        1. turbris
          turbris 14 December 2017 10: 51 New
          0
          Quote: Sovetskiy
          Look at the iconic figures occupying very important posts in the structure of power and the country's economy and delve into where and who they were in the 90s and how they relate to Putin. And in what “righteous” way did they achieve such impressive results in their careers, occupying not only high-ranking posts, but also a bold stake in what they manage?)

          Why dig around? Do you have specific complaints against any of them? Or doesn’t it just give you a fat shareholding? And in general, it would be much more useful from you if you were to engage in local authorities in your city or region, and dig around there, maybe you can help specific people. And then shake the air about the highest power, knowing in advance that it is safe.
          1. Sotskiy
            Sotskiy 14 December 2017 11: 36 New
            +1
            Quote: turbris
            And in general, it would be much more useful from you if you were to engage in local authorities in your city or region, and dig around there, maybe you can help specific people.

            Is that what you are calling for separatism? Maybe you propose to introduce your "candy wrappers" as in the 90s? Like, take care of yours, but don’t touch ours?) Are you aware that we have a centralized power vertical and what the local authorities are doing, a direct indication from the center, that is, Moscow? No, did not hear?)))
      2. AshiSolo
        AshiSolo 13 December 2017 21: 15 New
        +1
        When you yourself confuse, do not confuse others. And you will be happy.
        Let's get it straight. One example is the remarkable epic of Taburetkin. Can anyone in the mines or at least in the cell? But you yourself don’t remember about it. Taburetkin did a lot and took it. The balance is about zero and silence today.

        The strong remain, the weak sit. No better than the organized crime groups of the nineties, but at least it honestly looks from the outside. Do no harm more than created - go for a walk. You still poke a finger in our principality? Read about Chizh. The same story, only the scale is smaller. Humble yourself already. This is not envy, this is reality.