Military Review

Silk Road and Chinese Expansion

35
China has long been claiming a far more significant role than the one it now plays in world politics and economics. Although the Chinese economy is now one of the most dynamic and rapidly developing, the PRC accounts for about 15% of world GDP (this is the third place after the European Union and the USA), Beijing is striving to strengthen the country's position even more. One of the ways to strengthen the position of China is to implement the concept of “One Belt - One Way” or simply the concept of “New Silk Road”.


On the concept of "One Belt - One Way" Xi Jinping announced back in 2013 year. It is already clear that this concept has become the foundation that guides the PRC’s foreign policy in the coming decades. By 2049, the centenary of the People’s Republic of China, the country must firmly consolidate its position as a world leader. This goal is set by the leadership of the CCP and it, apparently, can really be achieved. In order to achieve this goal, China is building relations with the states of Eurasia, based on the concept of “One Belt - One Way”. First of all, China is interested in developing relations with the countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Eastern Europe.

In fact, the idea of ​​uniting economically less developed countries around China arose long ago, during the reign of Mao Zedong. Chairman Mao divided the world of that time into a “first world” (capitalist countries of Europe, the USA), a “second world” (socialist camp), and a “third world” —developing countries. China, according to the concept of Mao, was supposed to lead the movement of the "third world" countries opposing the United States, Europe and the Soviet Union. Now the Soviet Union is gone, and Russia is not a competitor to China. Beijing’s main task is to “overtake” the United States, and in order to accomplish this task, the PRC is also seeking to establish relations with as many states of the world as possible. Eurasian countries are interested in China, primarily for reasons of securing economic corridors to Europe. In the future, it is with Europe that China will develop relations, competing with the United States for the European market. But this will require economic corridors along which Chinese goods will be sent to EU countries. For the construction of such corridors, it is planned to return to the concept of the Silk Road - from China through Central Asia and the Caucasus - to Eastern Europe and further to Western Europe.



The very idea of ​​the New Silk Road is the desire to reconstruct the Great Silk Road that existed since the 2nd century BC. BC er The most important trade route of antiquity and the Middle Ages, the Great Silk Road passed through many countries in Asia and Eastern Europe. However, at that time the Silk Road was only a trade transit route from China to Europe, and the New Silk Road was viewed as a tool to strengthen China’s influence on other states. With the help of the New Silk Road, Beijing seeks to modernize the entire economic and trade system of Eurasia. Naturally, first of all this transformation will affect the countries of Central Asia - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Chinese diplomats and businessmen are already actively working here, and the ties between Beijing and the former Soviet republics of Central Asia are growing stronger.

China started to organize the world system of transport corridors, which, according to the ideas of the Chinese, should connect China with the whole world - the countries of Central Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Oceania. Within the framework of the New Silk Road, it is planned to build roads and railways, open sea and air routes, lay pipelines, and power lines. China plans to involve 4,4 billion people through the New Silk Road into the orbit of its influence - more than half of the modern population of the Earth.

China regards the development of land routes of the New Silk Road: 1) the construction of railway lines to Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Myanmar, Thailand and Malaysia. The idea of ​​building a powerful railway track includes the creation of a tunnel under the Bosphorus, the organization of ferries using ferries across the Caspian Sea. The northern corridor to Europe will go through the territory of Kazakhstan and Russia, the central corridor - through Central Asia and the Caucasus - Azerbaijan and Georgia, and the southern corridor has another direction - through Indochina and Indonesia to the Indian Ocean and further to the countries of the African continent, to which China already spread its political and economic influence. These routes should link the whole of Asia, but the main task remains to ensure uninterrupted communication of China with other countries of the continent.

The effect of the New Silk Road project on world politics is best illustrated by the current situation in the Middle East. Initially, China planned to organize an economic corridor through Iran and then through Iraq and Syria to the Mediterranean Sea. That is, Syria was seen as a very important link in the Silk Road system. However, this path circumvented Turkey, an important player in Middle Eastern politics. Ankara has long made plans for Turkey’s role in the economic exchange between China and Europe, but the construction of an economic corridor through Syria would leave Turkey on the periphery of the New Silk Road. China was not interested in organizing communication through Turkey also because Turkey has always played a key role in supporting the Uyghur separatists operating in Western China (historical region of East Turkestan, now - Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China). In addition, the construction of a corridor through Syria seemed to the Chinese leadership more economically advantageous.

In order for the plans to organize the Syrian corridor to fail, it was necessary to swing the political situation in Syria to such a state that any transit through the territory of this country was not possible. The war in Syria has become an excellent way to block the project “One Belt - One Road” in the Mediterranean direction. Since the "revolutions" in the countries of North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula - the so-called “Arab Spring” - almost seven years have passed, but the situation in Syria has not stabilized. The war has become protracted, and the actions of the armed groups make it impossible for any attempt to build land routes through this country. We can say that the opponents of China have achieved their goal - to build a corridor through Syria is now impossible.

What is the path of China? The Syrian corridor is replaced by a corridor from Central Asia (Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan) through the Caspian Sea to Azerbaijan and then to Georgia, to Batumi, and then to the Black and Mediterranean Sea. China shows great interest in the development of economic relations with Georgia and Azerbaijan, which testifies to Beijing’s far-reaching plans with respect to these Transcaucasian republics. In turn, both Azerbaijan and Georgia are also interested in passing the Chinese corridor through their territories, since this will allow them to significantly improve their economic situation, including through building infrastructure and attracting investments.

At the beginning of 2018, the Tbilisi-Beijing Free Trade Agreement comes into force. A similar agreement is valid for Georgia and with the European Union. At the same time, Tbilisi, despite the long-standing contradictions in relations with Moscow, is seeking to receive dividends from cooperation with the Eurasian Economic Union, in partnership with which the project “One Belt - One Way” is involved.

A number of Eastern European countries are also interested in developing relations with China. Gradually, Eastern European politicians are beginning to realize that in the European Union they will in any case be in a secondary position. The positions of Eastern European countries are not taken into account by European “heavyweights” when discussing even the most important issues, for example, the accommodation of migrants. In fact, the countries of Eastern Europe and the Balkan Peninsula are considered by the European Union as resource areas from which it is possible to draw cheap labor. In addition, the entry of these countries into the European Union and NATO has always been viewed as prevention of the spread of Russian influence on them. USA and Western Europe in 1989-1990 they didn’t win a serious victory over the USSR, forcing Moscow out of Eastern Europe to surrender their positions.



Hungary plays a very active role in the development of relations between China and the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. Budapest is a modern “dissident” of the European Union. We know that on a number of issues of principle, Hungary occupies a position different from the European Union. This also applies to migration policy, and attitude towards same-sex marriages, and sanctions against Russia. Not surprisingly, Budapest seeks to develop increasingly active relations with China. Recently, the Budapest hosted the summit "16 + 1" - the sixth in a row. Representatives of China traditionally took part in the summit. What is 16 + 1 is sixteen states of Eastern and Central Europe, the Balkan Peninsula - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Plus one is plus China. Many participants in the summit are members of the European Union and NATO, but they do not hide their desire to cooperate with China. For Beijing, this is another diplomatic victory, and for Brussels it is a cause for concern.

The growing influence of China on the countries of Eastern and Central Europe can not but worry the leadership of the European Union. During the Cold War, China had virtually no influence on the countries of Eastern Europe that were under Soviet patronage. For a while, Beijing cooperated only with Albania, Romania, and Yugoslavia. In 1990, Eastern Europe fell under the political and economic influence of the United States and the European Union. However, now the situation is changing radically.



Beijing attracts Eastern European countries with promises of multibillion-dollar investments in the development of national economies. First of all, we are talking about investments in the development of transport infrastructure, modernization of energy. Investing is not only money and new opportunities, it is also new jobs, and the problem of unemployment in most countries of Eastern Europe and the Balkans is very serious. Therefore, regional leaders treat the Chinese project quite favorably.

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Naturally, in Brussels, the behavior of the Eastern European countries is not very satisfied. But what can be done? The world is changing, and China plays a very large role in these changes. More and more countries are beginning to understand that focusing on China in the current world political and economic situation is much more beneficial than remaining eternal satellites of the United States and the European Union. Even more EU leaders are frightened by the fact that Western European countries (here we are talking about the political and cultural concept of “Western Europe”) are increasingly interested in developing relations with China. For example, Austria is in favor of the Chinese “New Silk Road” necessarily passing through its territory, knowing full well all the benefits and positive consequences of this step.

We see that China is methodically and successfully achieving its goal of spreading its economic and then political influence over the countries of Asia, Europe and Africa. “New Silk Road” is just one of the ways to expand this influence. But what can the United States decide to prevent the assertion of Chinese "domination"?
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  1. BAI
    BAI 12 December 2017 15: 42 New
    +7
    Yes, China is capable of becoming a world leader in 100 years. Russia, apparently, is not.
    1. ism_ek
      ism_ek 12 December 2017 16: 05 New
      12
      China is already a world leader. At the heart of modern China lies the communist idea. Man is the main value of the country. The New Silk Road is aimed at developing infrastructure and improving the living standards of neighboring countries.
      For Putin, "people are new oil," he doesn’t care that citizens’ incomes fall for the fourth year in a row. Stalin - got rid of cards in three post-war years, and they call him a tyrant. In China, they shoot and plant as much for corruption as they did under Stalin under political articles.
      1. antivirus
        antivirus 12 December 2017 17: 05 New
        0
        where is the place of Israel ??? near or around?
        1. revnagan
          revnagan 12 December 2017 17: 45 New
          +4
          Below ... Under ...
      2. sa-ag
        sa-ag 12 December 2017 18: 04 New
        0
        Quote: ism_ek
        Man is the main value of the country.

        In my opinion, this is not entirely true, there are no pensions or there, but it’s like a mountain peak, there are too many of them, so the person there is not so much value
      3. AKC
        AKC 12 December 2017 18: 19 New
        +3
        reading such comments as yours, I understand that Lech Anal can be the President of the Russian Federation! like you can promise anything, you can promise New Vasyuki and they will believe! You are my friend, a kind of liberal-Ekhov stratum of our society. such a fifth column! such as you mentioned by you JV Stalin fired off and sent on excursions to permafrost! and did the right thing! I don’t know why Putin is chewing with snot like you? would follow the precepts and experience of I.V. Stalin would have transplanted people like you, and the income of the rest of the Russians would have grown.
        stop writing about the communist idea in China. there is capitalism with a social security cover! in your conclusions, do not be guided by gossip! Take an interest in corruption and who will be shot, find out what clanism is in Chinese, take an interest in the life of, for example, senior citizens in China or the working conditions of local workers!
        about Stalin and how he raised the country in three years, and got rid of cards, learn the materiel!
        I don’t know what income you are talking about, but the fact that the Russians have recovered from the crisis is for sure!
        explain to me why Russians with falling incomes buy apartments, cars, clothes and more!
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 12 December 2017 18: 58 New
          +5
          Quote: AKC
          explain to me why Russians with falling incomes buy apartments, cars, clothes and more!

          Because we give them grain there, they give us noodles, chips ... we give them wood, they give us paper for Xerox, we give them oil they are motor oils, Estimate a ton of grain for a ton of chips, we pay the difference from oil. And so in everything, there are any goods, but we do not produce anything. Population growth is mainly due to Muslims ... Oshan, Merlin, Ikea, Black and White, these are all import trading networks. Squeezing juices from the economy. Of course, some Russians sitting on the key flows of the distribution of imports and raw materials exports buy apartments, but my dad, for example, when he received an apartment for free, waited seven years.
          1. igorka357
            igorka357 14 December 2017 08: 50 New
            0
            I really didn’t know that my friends sitting on feller machines and skidders, working in the forest .. are sitting on import distributions .. You wrote such nonsense to God.
      4. Normal ok
        Normal ok 13 December 2017 02: 34 New
        +1
        Quote: ism_ek
        At the heart of modern China lies the communist idea. Man is the main value of the country

        Man, in China does not mean anything. Learn the materiel.
      5. Per se.
        Per se. 13 December 2017 07: 29 New
        0
        Quote: ism_ek
        At the heart of modern China lies the communist idea. Man is the main value of the country.
        Rather, not just a man, but a Chinese. Is it worth it at all to be under a delusion of the Chinese "communism", in which there is as much communism as our German "brothers" had in socialism, in their German workers' national socialist party. In this analogy, it is quite possible to talk about Chinese "national communism", perhaps much more dangerous for Russia than what the Nazis had given birth in Germany.
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 13 December 2017 20: 30 New
          +1
          Quote: Per se.
          In this analogy, one can talk about Chinese "National Communism"

          as far as I know, there are 96 nationalities in China. Communism is a term that has many meanings. One of which is the Goal. The path to the goal can be different. The classic path through developed socialism. Let me remind you that this term also has many meanings, one of which is that society is more important than a person, all actions of a person should be regarded in the light of usefulness for society ... We may not like the Chinese, we may even hate a Russian neighbor, but if he said that he is Russian, although a Jew, so he is ready to stand up to the general system, and he is ours ... Our common with the Chinese is that we regard our position in terms of the survival of not even our country, but all of humanity! Unlike the position of a European, or Anglo-Saxon, where personal interests prevail.
          1. Per se.
            Per se. 14 December 2017 07: 26 New
            +2
            Dear Igor, in the People's Republic of China there can be any number of nationalities, but if you live in China, you have to be Chinese, even being Russian or German ... Compare here modern Russia, where many may not consider themselves Russian. The Chinese are nationalists in this, and nationalism in any form is already a prerequisite for aggression, no longer fits with the concepts of communist internationalism. During my school years, I was taught that war between socialist countries is not possible, and so, here China was distinguished by events in the Damansky and the war with Vietnam. China has territorial claims to all neighboring countries, and the area of ​​the desired territories exceeds the area of ​​China itself in the current borders. In China, without any particular constraints, they are issuing geographical maps with foreign territories within the PRC, and the land of Russia is no exception. This is despite the fact that it was thanks to Stalin, the help of the USSR, that the Chinese were raised from complete ruin. What is their gratitude to Russia? Brazenly copying our equipment, to the lands obtained by "demarcating" the border in 2005, their appetites have already awakened along the section of our Altai Territory ... Most interesting, now even capitalist Russia has been imposed with sanctions, but after the enmity of the PRC with the USSR, the West has allowed the Chinese to gain strength, he closed his eyes to terry piracy, to the theft of technology, to the fact that there was a "commie" ... Does not resemble the plot with Germany, which the West allowed to violate the restrictions of Versailles, to gain strength? You can believe in the peacefulness of the Chinese, but personally I very much doubt that China, which does not hide its ambitions for world hegemony, will always smile at Russia. And, I very much doubt that the Chinese do not have personal interests, they will not help anyone for thanks, will not write off debts to anyone, and such concepts as internationalism are not for their "communism". It’s better to get back to the Germans again ...
            1. igorka357
              igorka357 14 December 2017 08: 54 New
              +2
              But don’t get excited like that, in the age of nuclear weapons, millions of Chinese divisions will simply evaporate! If you read the military doctrine of the Russian Federation, it’s very interesting! Capturing territories in other ways is a separate issue!
            2. aybolyt678
              aybolyt678 14 December 2017 10: 55 New
              +1
              Quote: Per se.
              China has territorial claims to all neighboring countries

              The earth is overpopulated ... in places.
      6. igorka357
        igorka357 14 December 2017 08: 44 New
        0
        China naturally has one and a half lard of labor, take away from them the work that they were kindly provided with, select the technologies that they were allowed to copy, and your mighty China will live in the last century!
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 14 December 2017 10: 16 New
          0
          Quote: igorka357
          take away from them the work that they were kindly provided with, select technologies

          how to select ?? one can only come up with a new one and not give it back, only the thinkers are gone, they have lost personnel and education.
    2. Kawado s
      Kawado s 12 December 2017 16: 35 New
      +1
      Russia had difficult times ... everything is still ahead
      1. aybolyt678
        aybolyt678 14 December 2017 18: 06 New
        +1
        too fast things are changing for the worse for us
        1. Kawado s
          Kawado s 9 January 2018 17: 31 New
          0
          Yes, it’s not clear yet which way and what is changing, there are few objective data, but there are more than subjective ones
    3. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 12 December 2017 20: 10 New
      +1
      Quote: BAI
      Yes, China is capable of becoming a world leader in 100 years. Russia, apparently, is not.

      So it depends on who the judges are, who orders the music, and how much the judges go around.
    4. igorka357
      igorka357 14 December 2017 08: 42 New
      0
      Seriously, due to what did not think?
  2. Antianglosax
    Antianglosax 12 December 2017 15: 49 New
    +8
    One of the ways to strengthen China's position is to implement the concept of “One belt - one way” or simply the concept of “New Silk Road”.

    The Chinese, unlike us, have an ideology and a concept. Actually, we also have an ideology - militant liberalism, and the concept, apparently - steal more, less likely to get into jail!
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 14 December 2017 08: 55 New
      0
      And what is the ideology of the Chinese, to become a world leader ... so I'm sorry, the amers have the same ..
  3. vlad007
    vlad007 12 December 2017 19: 21 New
    0
    The start of the Zhuravka-Millerovo railway section bypassing Ukraine deprives Ukraine of the possibility of railway communication with China. The Silk Road will pass by Ukraine!
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 12 December 2017 20: 44 New
      +2
      Beijing’s main task is to “overtake” the United States, and in order to achieve this, China is striving to establish relations with as many states of the world as possible.

      The author, what drank? China did not call the United States for social competition, but wants to have a path to Europe independent of the will of the US Navy. It is the US that is preparing on occasion (that is, having prepared and created reserves) to block its market for China and not to let its goods into Europe. And then China will explode ....
      Yes, he will pass by many, just see it, wai as he does not want. Neither the Caucasus nor Turkey shines. Central Asia through Russia, to the Baltic and a test minuscule through Poland. Poland itself has revealed everything with its sickle, the litter of the USA. China does not cut land routes to Europe for the United States to sit on them.
    2. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 12 December 2017 21: 33 New
      0
      Fake Silk Roads
      Myth: “Silk Road” through Georgia and Turkey

      Transport corridors in Central Asia. The current Kazakh-Azerbaijani-Georgian route is shown in red, the unfinished straightening sections of the railway are shown in blue.
      On December 13, 2015, the first Nomad Express container train from China arrived in Tbilisi. The Western, Georgian, and Ukrainian media expressed great joy over the fact that a “route bypassing Russia” allegedly arose.
      However, the Trans-Caspian route — from China through Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey to Europe — is economically disadvantageous — the route between China and the EU has to cross as many as 5 customs borders and carry out ferry crossings or transshipment in ports 4 times (not only the Caspian but the Black Sea, since the railway between Georgia and Turkey is not completed). Meanwhile, the Russian route involves crossing only 3 borders without any sea sections.
      The Russian Trans-Siberian Railway is used to its full capacity and is overloaded, however, it is being successfully reconstructed, which creates a solid prospect for increasing freight traffic through the territory of Russia.
      Myth: “Silk Road” through Georgia and Ukraine
      On January 15, 2016, Ukraine announced the launch of the first experimental voyage from the Illichivsk seaport through Georgia, Azerbaijan, through the Caspian Sea and Kazakhstan to China. This PR project is related to the initiatives of Odessa Governor Mikhail Saakashvili, the ex-president of Georgia. According to Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, this route "will become the new direction of the Silk Road and an alternative to delivering goods from Ukraine to these markets, bypassing the territory of Russia." In Ukraine, they say that the route from China to Europe via the Ukrainian port of Illichivsk can take "a maximum of 9 days" instead of "30 days via Russia."
      In fact, however, the route through Russia is designed for only 14-15 days, while the alternative “Ukrainian” route can hardly be as fast as stated. The profitability of this project is very doubtful, because, as in the route through Turkey, here again you have to cross as many as 5 customs and 2 seas. However, in connection with the restrictions imposed at the beginning of 2016 on the transit of Ukrainian goods through the FTA of the Eurasian Union, it is possible that Ukraine will be forced to use alternative routes even at a loss.
      As in the case of the route through Turkey, we are talking about an attempt to revive the old failed project of the TRACECA transport corridor, attributing it the name “Silk Road”, popular in connection with the new transport and economic strategy of China.
    3. MOSKVITYANIN
      MOSKVITYANIN 17 December 2017 00: 45 New
      0
      Quote: vlad007
      The start of the Zhuravka-Millerovo railway section bypassing Ukraine deprives Ukraine of the possibility of railway communication with China. The Silk Road will pass by Ukraine!

      And how will he get to the Black Sea ports bypassing Ukraine, or do you all want to hang on poor Novorossiysk? The Chinese "Silk Road" dooms the creation of a land corridor between the Russian Federation-DPR and the Russian Crimea ..... this can be achieved by avoiding international sanctions against the Russian Federation, only by expanding New Russia to the south of Ukraine ....
  4. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 12 December 2017 20: 29 New
    0
    First of all, China is interested in developing relations with the countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe.
    Why write crap? 80% of the overland freight traffic goes along the Trans-Siberian Railway.
    The Silk Road always went through Astrakhan and never through the Caucasus. Learn geography, writer. Svidomo from Eastern Europe plug, also jump for joy. Only the tests performed have shown that ferry transhipments ruin the Silk Road.
    The task for the excellent student: Where is the path safer, on the territory of one country or a dozen countries? The USA in any Georges-Zerbadzhan at the most convenient moment will make porridge and no aircraft will help.
    1. Loess
      Loess 12 December 2017 21: 38 New
      0
      And at the international forum “One Belt - One Way”, which took place in Beijing on 14-15 in May, Chinese leader Xi Jinping announced his readiness to invest about 65 billions in the development of ports, railways, roads and other infrastructure in the 113 countries of Europe and Asia dollars. Over the next three years, the PRC plans to allocate about 9 of billions of dollars in aid to developing countries participating in the construction of the new Silk Road.

      It is assumed that there will be three main routes of the Silk Road Economic Belt: Northern - from China through Central Asia, Russia to Europe (to the Baltic Sea); Central - from China through Central Asia and West Asia to the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea; South - from China to Southeast Asia, South Asia, to the Indian Ocean.

      The main directions of the "Sea Silk Road of the XXI Century": from the seaports of China through the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean and further to Europe; from Chinese ports through the South China Sea to the South Pacific.

      In these areas, it is planned to form international corridors of economic cooperation: "China - Mongolia - Russia", "China - Central Asia - West Asia", "China - Indochina", "China - Pakistan" and "Bangladesh - India - Myanmar - China". http://www.gazetaprotestant.ru/2017/05/chto-oznac
      haet-odin-poyas-odin-put-dlya-rossii /
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 13 December 2017 05: 43 New
        0
        “And don't read Protestant newspapers before dinner!”
        http://territoryengineering.ru/wp-content/uploads
        / 2016/03/004_big.jpg
        http://www.stanradar.com/upload/image/2015_er_2_s
        ilkroad6_2000.jpg
        The Silk Road is the removal of China's supplies of goods to the EU from US control. And all the routes pass through Russia as the fastest and most reliable.
        One belt - one way, this is another project, building the global economy of China. Not only the export of goods to the EU, but also the import of raw materials from all countries of the continent with access to Africa.
        http://fb.ru/article/183202/ekonomicheskiy-poyas-
        shelkovogo-puti-plan-deystviy-po-stroitelstvu-eko
        nomicheskogo-poyasa-shelkovogo-puti # image750836
        1. Loess
          Loess 13 December 2017 07: 57 New
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          The Silk Road is the removal of China's supplies of goods to the EU from US control. And all the routes pass through Russia as the fastest and most reliable.
          Those. Does China take trade routes out of US control in order to give them complete control of Russia? This is not logical. And the links that you gave refer to the 2015-2016 years, see more recent information.
          1. Mavrikiy
            Mavrikiy 13 December 2017 10: 35 New
            0
            November 21, 2017 09:15 • 573 • Russia
            - will it suit you?
            http://allpravda.info/itogi-2017-goda-rossiya-per
            enapravlyaet-na-sebya-mirovuyu-torgovlyu-51680.ht
            ml
            The strategic "friends and partners" did not have time to move away from the shock associated with the failure of the idea of ​​transport trade corridors bypassing Russia, as the West catches up with another disappointment. In the near future, huge cargo flows through the territory of our country will go not only from east to west, but also from south to north, as well as along the new Northern Sea Route.
            1. I have with logic - approx. The USA is an enemy of China at this stage. China and I are partners in the US confrontation. Now the problem is with the USA, there will be a problem with us, they will solve it in the order of receipt. In the meantime, with the United States. To lay the NW through NE and BW is to stay with the US problem. ShP through Georgia, Ruin, Turkey, Azerov is a pain in the insoluble from the word at all, Inadequate without exception.
            2. The construction of railways and highways (there will be pipelines) in the region is for the export of raw materials and energy, including from Africa.
            3. Do not write what you read on the fence by the AUTHOR.
            "One belt - one way" and the Silk Road "these are two big differences." The Silk Road is vital and it is already working today. Op-op is an ideal and very distant future for China.
  5. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 13 December 2017 16: 31 New
    0
    implementation of the concept of “One belt - one way” or just the concept of “New Silk Road”.
    AUTHOR, when will you go to school? These are different projects.
    First there was the Silk Road, then the Economic New Silk Road (there are transport infrastructures, and you need to connect the regions along the highway).
    ENSheP is the initial stage, more precisely, the idea of ​​OP-OP began with it, it entered there as an integral part. OP-OP is not a communication of countries, but the development of entire Eurasia at an accelerated pace. Although it is clear that under the dictation of China. They will allow them to build airplanes - we will, but no, that's okay. They will allow the tanks to do, we will, but no, okay. Business however.
    But here the main thing the baby would not splash out. China can give the economy, and this is for itself. Our place is to defend our independence and restructure the entire mosaic to fit our idea.
  6. igorka357
    igorka357 14 December 2017 09: 04 New
    0
    In general, I didn’t read all the comments, I’ll tell you one thing! For a thousand years, the great Chinese empire existed, grabbed lyuley from everyone for a thousand years, wrote great treatises about the war, never won a victory in it, always was nobody in the political arena! it was allowed to rise at the expense of just human resources, and you screamed about the power of someone, someone who didn’t really really fight, who copied everything, who built the economy by allowing his people to work for one and a half lards in someone else’s production ... yes I beg you! Of course I can’t judge Russia, but America will dump China economically at a time! In China, everything stays at the expense of American production, at the expense of the American currency, at the expense of one and a half billion manpower .. at what very cheap !!! Do not crow about the great China, it has never been, and never will be! As soon as China begins to pose a real threat, China will not be right away ...
  7. MOSKVITYANIN
    MOSKVITYANIN 17 December 2017 00: 38 New
    0
    What is “16 + 1” - these are sixteen states of Eastern and Central Europe, the Balkan Peninsula - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Plus one is plus China. Many participants in the summit are members of the European Union and NATO, but they do not hide their desire to cooperate with China. For Beijing, this is another diplomatic victory, and for Brussels it is a cause for concern.

    The participation of these countries in the EU is a stagnation in the economy, and cooperation with China ...
    Beijing attracts Eastern European countries with promises of multibillion investments in the development of national economies. First of all, we are talking about investments in the development of transport infrastructure, energy modernization. Investments are not only money and new opportunities, they are also new jobs, and the problem of unemployment in most countries of Eastern Europe and the Balkan Peninsula is very acute.

    The most important thing in this article ....
    Austria advocates that the Chinese “New Silk Road” must pass through its territory, perfectly understanding all the benefits and positive consequences of this step.

    Austria understands that the development limit within the EU has been exhausted for it ....