Military Review

Utu - Maori Bloody Revenge

43
In 1809, an uncommon event occurred - in New Zealand, the natives slaughtered almost all the passengers and crew members of the British ship Boyd. Of the seven dozen people managed to survive only four. The incident led to a series of events that ended very badly for the local population.
Utu - Maori Bloody Revenge


Lost in Translation

In 1809, the English ship "Boyd" from Port Jackson, in Sydney, sailed to the shores of New Zealand. Its final destination was Vangaroa Bay in the North Island.

Among the gray mass of ordinary passengers stood out one - Te-Ara, whom the British called George. The peculiarity of the guy was that he was the son of the leader of one of the Maori tribes. How the wind brought Te-Aru to Australia is unknown. But it is known that he had nothing to pay for the ticket to his home. But the captain Thompson was not embarrassed by the lack of money from a New Zealand resident, since there is always a need for an extra pair of hands on a ship. On this, it seems, the Englishman with Maoritsev and decided.

The brig "Boyd" went to the islands with a specific task - the team intended to start collecting cowrie shells - sea gastropods. At the same time, the captain wanted to meet with the leader of one of the tribes in order to establish trade relations. Te-Ara at the beginning of the journey behaved with maximum restraint, causing no problems to either the passengers or the crew. He even agreed to the name of George, so that there was no misunderstanding with the white-skinned. But soon there was a collision. The captain reminded the Maori that he had to pay for the journey. And since Te-Ara was hired by a sailor in order to work out the cost of a ticket, he needs to perform routine work and obey the authorities implicitly. As they said in one famous film: "Subordination and seniority." Then one day, Te-Ara got an assignment to take off the deck. Such a son of the leader could not stand. A conflict based on a cultural misunderstanding of peoples broke out. For Te-Ary, all Britons were second-rate people. And this is not surprising, given his high position in the homeland. Naturally, he had the appropriate mentality. He didn’t think about any hard work. What exactly the son of the leader responded to the order of Thompson - we can only guess. Most likely, the case was not limited to a concise "no." Perhaps Te-Ara expressed his attitude to the black work with arrogant statements about his status, and at the same time reminded the British of their “second grade”. Such a captain, of course, could not pull the brakes. Still, before the eyes of the whole team, a native man questioned his authority. The reaction was not long in coming. Maoritz was whipped, then locked in a cabin, depriving food and water. But such an attitude could not forgive Te-Ara. At home, hundreds of soldiers were ready to give their lives for the leader’s young son by a gesture, and then some Englishmen, smelling of rum, raised their hands to him. What is the norm for the British, for the Maori is a serious insult. While under arrest, Te-Ara came up with how to get revenge on the whites.

Maori Revenge

The British were let down by the ignorance of the mentality of the inhabitants of New Zealand. Perhaps, if the captain of the “Boyd” knew that it was customary for the Maori to pay for the insult with blood, he would have thought a hundred times before taking Te-Aru on board. But it was too late.
The young son of the leader decided to cheat. Pretending to be aware of the guilt, he offered to show the British some kind of safe bay as a sign of reconciliation. Thompson believed ...

As soon as Te-Ara came ashore, he immediately ran away. But the sailors only laughed at him and no more. No one could have imagined that a bloody retribution was waiting for them soon. And Te-Ara, returning to his native tribe, described in paints all the burdens, anguish and humiliation that the damned British had brought him. The leader summed up: the insult inflicted on his son is an insult to the whole tribe. And if so, only Utu is bloody revenge. By and large, the leader had no choice. The news that the whites were mocked at his son quickly spread to the neighboring tribes. And those leaders were waiting for the appropriate reaction from him. If the father of Te-Ary had not struck back, they would have doubted his strength. And a weak leader is a weak tribe, which suddenly became a tasty prey. Most likely, Te-Ary's father understood that an attack on white-skinned aliens would entail a series of not very happy events. But the laws dictated their terms. That turned out to be a vicious circle without the right of choice on either side.

To understand the logic of Maori, you need to know their living conditions. From the side it may seem that the natives lived in a cozy and peaceful tropical paradise. At first glance, it is. But if you remove the beautiful wrapper of New Zealand, before the eyes of a war that lasted for several centuries. Numerous Maori tribes clashed among themselves over territories and resources. Moreover, their collisions were not at all formal. Often the tribe that lost the war was either completely exterminated, or became the slave of the victor. Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Maori fought with spears, shark teeth knives, clubs, used bows and arrows. When the whites began to visit New Zealand more and more often, the natives got metallic weapons. But even without him, they fought worthily both with each other and with aliens. And in melee and did superior to the latter.

Difficult living conditions, when the shadow of war invariably follows on its heels, left a special imprint on the Maori people. Natives differed touchy and hot-tempered temper, which demanded bloody revenge for any insult. And their laws did not see the difference between the neighboring tribe and the British. Because of this, the status of the treacherous cannibal savages was entrenched for the inhabitants of New Zealand. None of the Europeans (especially at first) tried to figure out why and why Maori ate human flesh. It later became known that the act of cannibalism is a theatrical act designed to frighten the enemy. Well, at the same time pick up the defeated enemy and his strength.

The Europeans much later figured out the subtleties of the psychology of the inhabitants of New Zealand. And at the beginning of the nineteenth century, they perceived them in the same way as thousands of other indigenous tribes encountered on numerous islands scattered throughout the oceans. Therefore, when Te-Ara unexpectedly returned, no one suspected anything. In addition, he came to the British with a good offer. Maori told about rare and terribly expensive trees growing in the depths of the island. And as a sign of friendship, the son of the leader was ready to show the cherished place to the whites. The British, with naive joy, accepted the offer of the Maori. Thompson immediately outfitted the expedition, which he himself headed. On the same day, two boats with sailors advanced into the North Island.
They did not sail far. Barely plunging into the island, the Europeans found themselves in a pre-prepared trap. There was no battle as such; there was a slaughter. None of the British survived. It would seem that all, Te-Ara committed an act of bloody revenge, because among the dead was also his main offender - captain Thompson. But the son of the leader of this was not enough. He decided to destroy all Europeans who became involuntary witnesses to his shame. Te-Ara ordered his wars to change into costumes of the murdered British, wait for the sunset, and then attack the ship.

No sooner said than done. When it got dark, disguised Maori in the same two boats approached the “Boyd”. And even though there were sentries on the ship, they did not suspect anything, thinking that it was the captain and the sailors came back. The attack was lightning fast. Maorians, sticking their tongues as hard as possible, attacked the British. They stuck out their tongues for a reason; by this, the natives demonstrated their desire to eat their opponents.

Almost no one had time to resist, only five sailors managed to climb up the rigging. Behind them, the Maorites did not climb. From the upper reaches, the British looked with horror at how the savages killed their fellow citizens and robbed the ship. After some time, the natives left, taking with them not only the loot, but also the bodies of the dead Europeans, as well as several living people captured. The killed Europeans were not taken as trophies, but as the main dish of the upcoming feast. Still, after all, they were able to deal with the white-skinned aliens! All the neighboring tribes simply had to find out about this.

Until the morning, the sailors were afraid to descend. But at dawn, another Maori tribe, led by the leader Te-Pahi, approached the ship. It was with him that the British hoped to bargain. Therefore, the lucky ones left the ship, trusting friendly natives. But the British are not fatally lucky. As soon as they went ashore, the warriors of Te-Ary appeared from behind the trees. And although Te-Pahi tried to rationalize the representatives of the neighboring tribe, his attempts were not crowned with success. Te-Ara demanded to give him the British, threatening in case of disobedience with war. Te-Pahi agreed. Four sailors were killed immediately (there is a version that they ate), and one was captured to be executed (and eaten) already in the village.

Robbery "Boyd" continued. Apparently, the soldiers of Te-Pahi also took part in this “event”. Most likely, the natives did not share something, there was a musket shot (perhaps pure coincidence). Because of this, a powder reserve caught fire and a powerful explosion soon thundered. The ship was almost destroyed. There is a version that several Maori were killed along with the ship, including Te-Pahi’s father.

You can not get into a fight

Te-Pahi understood that the neighboring tribe began to play and crossed the line. Dealing with unsuspecting Europeans is one thing. But resisting professional white-skinned soldiers armed with muskets and guns is another matter. As you know, the road to hell is lined with good intentions. This was felt in their own skin by the leader of Te-Pahi and his whole village.
Somehow, he managed to stop a ship passing by with the British and told them about the tragedy at Boyd. They promised to report "where it should be."

A few weeks later, the British ship Edinburgh entered the bay of Vangaroa. On board - what Te-Pahi was just so afraid of - were not shell gatherers and traffickers, but professional soldiers (according to another version, whalers). He did not begin to understand who was to blame, but attacked the first village that came across. By fateful coincidence, it belonged to the Te Pachi tribe. The British did not spare anyone by arranging an exemplary execution of Maori. Killed and good leader, trying to reason with their bloodthirsty neighbors.

After the destruction of the village of Te-Pahi, the British reached the settlement of Te-Ary. Under the threat of reprisals, the Maori did surrender and extradite the captives. And the British with a sense of accomplishment swam away.

There is another version of events. So, the team of "Edinburgh" did not destroy the village of Te-Pahi. The British were able to achieve the release of prisoners by force and cunning, after which they sailed. Europeans are outraged. They wanted to strike back, which for some reason did not dare the captain of "Edinburgh." Therefore, the punitive expedition entered the Bay of Vangaroa a little later. The soldiers attacked the first turned up village, burned it to the ground, cut out the population and set sail. But what in the first version, that in the second - Te-Ara and his settlement was not affected.

The event that occurred in New Zealand was replicated by many Australian and European newspapers. Journalists competed with each other in horror skills, securing for Maori a reputation for aggressive, cunning cannibals. And for many years after the death of the team and passengers, Boyd was called New Zealand as “Cannibal Islands”. The fact that there really happened and who was to blame was quickly forgotten. No one remembered neither Captain Thompson, who decided not to reckon with the customs of the natives, nor Te-Aru, who threatened his tribe because of his own arrogance. Only the bare facts remained: the perfidiously murdered Europeans and cannibalism.

After the incident with “Boyd” and the retaliatory retaliatory expedition, the relationship between the indigenous people of the islands and the Europeans deteriorated significantly. The former became more aggressive, seeing the threat to life in the aliens. The second ones were convinced that it was impossible to have anything to do with cannibals, and they needed to talk only from a position of brute force.
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 13 December 2017 07: 22
    +6
    Therefore, when “All blacks” enter the rugby field, remember the Maori traditions.

    Another variation on the theme of "West and East." And always goes to relatively peaceful tribes.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 13 December 2017 07: 39
    +6
    In principle, this case is neither the first nor the last, since the opening of New Zealand, Europeans have had skirmishes with Maori ..
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 13 December 2017 09: 34
      +3
      Many thanks to the author for the article! There is little information about Maori, either in books or on the Web.
      Why did the natives eat Cook?
      Silent science. Such a thing ...
      Joke. By the way, Cook was eaten not in Australia, but in Hawaii. Where in his honor a memorial stele is installed.
      And Maori is a unique nation that populated the North Island and part of the South no earlier than the XNUMXth century AD, as is obtained from research and archaeological finds. This people was formed as a result of numerous wars between the Polynesian tribes over this territory. Maori --- the people of warriors!
  3. hohol95
    hohol95 13 December 2017 08: 25
    +2
    Now they "paused" ...
  4. hohol95
    hohol95 13 December 2017 08: 31
    13
    Civilization is an easy, hardly distinguishable raid on the barbaric essence of man! And this raid easily flies from the skins of barbarism!
    Major General Horatio Gordon Robley with his collection of Maori tattooed heads. 1895 year.
    And in appearance a civilized man! Only "civilization" this 19th CENTURY !!!
    1. Lexus
      Lexus 13 December 2017 12: 37
      +1
      Fundamentally, nothing has changed ... except that the heads now cut their wards.
    2. revnagan
      revnagan 13 December 2017 19: 14
      +4
      Quote: hohol95
      Major General Horatio Gordon Robley with his collection of Maori tattooed heads. 1895 year.

      Only he bought them from the Maori themselves. Well, in neighboring tribes. As a souvenir. What is it?
      1. Michael_Zverev
        Michael_Zverev 14 December 2017 21: 30
        +1
        Well, still human heads buy somehow hmm. A strange collectible, frankly. Some islanders cut their heads, others buy them, as Vassa Zheleznova said, "This one killed, but he did not win." Although the Maori, of course, knew a lot about murder, destroying both their predecessors, the "moa hunters", and the Moriori cousins ​​from the Chatham Islands in the XNUMXth century, they plunged almost to the root, and each other, receiving European potatoes and muskets, also pretty crumbled .
  5. igordok
    igordok 13 December 2017 08: 32
    +9
    I liked the movie "Finding Captain Grant" 1986. In the 6 series, when the main characters are captured by the Maori, an interesting quote sounds.
    Says one of the Maori warriors - "Every Maori warrior can kill two Englishmen. But what to do when the third appears?"
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 13 December 2017 09: 37
      +4
      I agree with you: this is an EXCELLENT SERIAL. I periodically review, and I also like: “Children of Captain Grant” is the first film adaptation, and “Petnadtsatiletny captain” or “Treasure Island”. From childhood I remember: “if a friend was wounded, a friend will be able to take revenge on his enemies”
    2. Some kind of compote
      Some kind of compote 13 December 2017 19: 04
      16
      The movie is super!
      Article too
  6. EvilLion
    EvilLion 13 December 2017 08: 37
    +5
    If the neighboring leader understood that White would not leave it like that, then why the hell was he sitting in the back? And why did the Britons have to spare the really guilty? Some kind of muddy story.

    Otherwise, nothing unusual when talking about oppressed and exterminated tribes, it should be remembered that they exterminated each other in the same way. And in general, there’s nothing to regret them.
    1. sharp-lad
      sharp-lad 14 December 2017 00: 59
      +4
      A common thing, sorted out properly and punished the first one.
  7. soldier
    soldier 13 December 2017 09: 34
    19
    Maori have always been considered one of the most bloodthirsty savages
    But there are no greater savages than civilized ones
    It is enough to recall the French in Madagascar or the German colonialists who killed the natives with bayonets - so as not to waste bullets.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 13 December 2017 11: 31
      +2
      White managed to populate the South Island, since the Māori were very dependent on climate, at that time they couldn’t make clothes in their tropics (M. Stingl mentioned “Mysterious Polynesia). Therefore, the Māori populated the entire North Island, except for the mountains, and the South Island --- only the tropical part is the coast in the north, and through the rest, cooler parts are white and made their way !!!!!
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 13 December 2017 18: 25
        +1
        Quote: Reptiloid
        White managed to populate the South Island, since the Maori were very dependent on climate, at that time they could not make clothes in their tropics


        does Mauri have intellect problems? haven't you even mastered your clothes?
        1. sharp-lad
          sharp-lad 14 December 2017 01: 00
          +2
          Did they need her?
          1. Maki Avellevich
            Maki Avellevich 14 December 2017 07: 56
            +2
            Quote: sharp-lad
            Did they need her?


            and when there was a need (white strangers in the north) were able to make pants to protect the island? or from the warm bushes only watched?
            1. sharp-lad
              sharp-lad 14 December 2017 20: 53
              +1
              At the expense of need, white pants were needed, Maori, cutting white, lack of pants did not interfere. Like to die during retaliatory punitive campaigns.
        2. Michael_Zverev
          Michael_Zverev 14 December 2017 21: 37
          +1
          The Maori had clothes, they made raincoats and long skirts, unlike the rest of the Polynesians.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 15 December 2017 10: 18
            +1
            Yes, suitable clothing appeared later in New Zealand --- because the climate there is different than in Hawaii or Tahiti.
  8. moskowit
    moskowit 13 December 2017 09: 39
    +8
    There is such a wonderful book by Chukovsky "Drivers of frigates"

    and in it is a wonderful tale of a sailor captured by New Zealanders. The first time I read this book in 10 years, it was at the beginning of 60's. Then I first read about Maori ....
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 13 December 2017 10: 56
      +3
      Thank you for reminding me of this book! Once upon a time, Frigate Drivers was one of my favorite books in my school years! Over time, they were forgotten ... first the author, then the name .... maybe it wasn’t forgotten ... just, it wasn’t remembered for no reason, although I repeatedly remembered episodes from the book. When I started reading this article, I remembered about this book, but could not immediately recall the name ... therefore, thank you again. hi
  9. Monarchist
    Monarchist 13 December 2017 09: 40
    +6
    Quote: hohol95
    Civilization is an easy, hardly distinguishable raid on the barbaric essence of man! And this raid easily flies from the skins of barbarism!
    Major General Horatio Gordon Robley with his collection of Maori tattooed heads. 1895 year.
    And in appearance a civilized man! Only "civilization" this 19th CENTURY !!!

    How is he different from Maori? The only difference in skin color, as well as one to one
    1. Trapperxnumx
      Trapperxnumx 13 December 2017 11: 08
      +2
      Quote: Monarchist
      How is he different from Maori? The only difference in skin color, as well as one to one

      And he didn’t eat them ...)))))
      But yes, no difference, I agree.
  10. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 13 December 2017 11: 41
    +4
    The Maori took part in two world wars as part of the New Zealand corps. The Maori’s military prowess was revealed in the 2MB ... Maori’s enemies and “partners” were struck by the “absolute” fearlessness of the Maori and their contempt for death ... when the Maori went on the attack, and the MG-34 German machine guns couldn’t always stop them. I read the recollections of one Wehrmacht officer about the battle of the German unit, numerically significantly superior to the small Maori detachment that blocked the path of the advancing Germans: the Maori fought to the last bullet ... they don’t back down and then when they ran out of ammunition ... the surviving Maori went "hand to hand" ...
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 13 December 2017 12: 26
      +2
      There was an article by Ilya Polonsky on this topic.
  11. BAI
    BAI 13 December 2017 12: 59
    0
    Why did the natives eat Cook? A question known since the 70s.
  12. cheap trick
    cheap trick 13 December 2017 13: 42
    +2
    Watch the movie "Dead Earth" a great movie.
    1. Lenivets2
      Lenivets2 13 December 2017 22: 13
      +4
      Yes, the film is good, but it’s called a little differently: Dead Earth. hi
  13. hohol95
    hohol95 13 December 2017 15: 28
    +2
    News from 22.09.2011/XNUMX/XNUMX
    Papua New Guinea Pacific State Police detained a 19-year-old boy suspected of attempted murder of a foreigner. The weapon of crime was the bow, and the islander acted with malicious intent and shot two arrows in a row at the tourist. Most likely, the motive for the attack was jealousy.


    The victim of an aggressive native was 28-year-old New Zealand citizen Matt Sheurich, who rested last summer in the North Fly area, remote from tourist routes. The foreigner was swimming peacefully in the river with a French girlfriend, when two arrows suddenly pierced his chest and stomach, Radio New Zealand International reports. This happened on June 29, but law enforcement officers could only find the attacker in September.


    Immediately after the firing, the native attacked the tourist with a stone in his hands, but the foreigner managed to pull the arrows out of his body and escaped with his girlfriend.

    According to preliminary data, jealousy became the motive for the attack. Passion Matt Sheurich attracted the young Papuan, but the boyfriend of a tourist stood in the way of his claims. By the way, the girl also suffered from a Papuan attack. She had to fight off the rapist using teeth and nails, The New Zealand Herald News writes. The girl was even forced to turn on a special electronic device that gives a distress signal.


    At the hospital, doctors examined Matt Sheurich and came to the conclusion that he was lucky. One of the arrows went through the ribs just below the liver, so that the tip almost ran into the aorta. If the artery were interrupted, the tourist would face death.

    Matt Sheurich underwent a one-week course of treatment at Cairns Hospital, and only then could he return to his home in Melbourne.


    On Wednesday, Papua New Guinea police inspector Wesley Tomutagveda confirmed the capture of the suspect, the newspaper The Daily Telegraph writes. His arrest took place on September 8. According to the policeman, the "tourist hunter" is called Francis Neobia.

    Despite the youth of the captured Papuan, the inspector characterizes him as a notorious criminal and "a famous troublemaker." It is not yet clear what punishment the natives face for archery at the “savage” tourists.

    IN THEM WORLD, ALMOST NOTHING CHANGES ANYTHING ...
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 13 December 2017 15: 55
      +2
      it seems that you should not meddle in some "cultures", and "let them" in yourself too .... what
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 13 December 2017 15: 57
        +1
        That's right!!! You say peacocks ... Heh ... Hi Nikolay! good
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 13 December 2017 16: 03
          +3
          healthy, Alex! drinks the difference of cultures, sir! therefore, the British did not bother with the search for a “single language of friendship” with the natives. They needed their land and other buns - that’s “agreed” with guns and rifles request as it were, the topic of humanism, and whether it is right, I don’t want to touch upon, but .. such a model worked for them until 1941! hi until the fans of Mikado came, and destroyed the foundations of their empire. fellow
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 13 December 2017 16: 09
            +1
            Anglo-Saxons left at least part of the natives to work on all kinds of plantations - the Japanese preferred the "PURE LIFE SPACE"! If the Japanese had European technology, then they would be the first colonizers of the Asia-Pacific region!
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 13 December 2017 16: 48
              +2
              it’s funny that it was the Japanese who were hiding behind a beautiful slogan, like Chapaev: "Here we drive the whites away - and we will have a good life!" soldier and they also talked about the "great sphere of co-prosperity." fellow
              1. hohol95
                hohol95 13 December 2017 16: 57
                +1
                Asia, Nikolai, ASIA - a lot of narcissism, a lot of "elephants" invented! And other things ...
                1. Mikado
                  Mikado 13 December 2017 18: 09
                  +3
                  Alexei, do you like black (and not so) comedies? wink

                  then look this one. Filmed .. in New Zealand! And the guy with the cup - one of the filmmakers - has an interesting set of genes. Dad is Maori, and mom is Jewish good and, by the way, the soundtrack to the film is the Leningrad group, and this is not a feature of the Russian translation! really, the New Zealanders inserted Shnurov there! drinks look, recommend it! hi
          2. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 13 December 2017 17: 18
            +2
            Sometimes I regret that RI did not pursue the same policy in the territories of very national suburbs.
      2. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 14 December 2017 07: 57
        +2
        Quote: Mikado
        it seems that you should not meddle in some "cultures", and "let them" in yourself too ....


        yes, Anglo-Saxon culture for example
    2. Monarchist
      Monarchist 13 December 2017 16: 11
      +2
      Hence the conclusion: Papuan remains a Papuan, which means that he has less to deal with. Today he was skewed and took onions, and tomorrow for another reason he will be hungry
  14. Monarchist
    Monarchist 13 December 2017 16: 03
    +1
    Quote: Trapper7
    Quote: Monarchist
    How is he different from Maori? The only difference in skin color, as well as one to one

    And he didn’t eat them ...)))))
    But yes, no difference, I agree.

    Are you sure about this? I personally was not in his kitchen, and therefore ..... Just kidding.
  15. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 13 December 2017 18: 33
    +2
    What was - was. The main thing is that New Zealand has evolved
    to a peaceful and calm state without racist clashes. And the Maori have changed
    for the better, and the white colonialists ceased to be racists.
    This inspires hope that with a favorable economic and political system
    even former cannibals can build a country together in former English
    convicts. good
    1. The comment was deleted.
  16. revnagan
    revnagan 13 December 2017 19: 19
    +1
    Quote: voyaka uh
    it inspires hope that with a favorable economic and political system
    even former cannibals can build a country together in former English
    convicts.


    But in the event of a cataclysm, the Maori will be provided with protein food due to white immigrants who have lost their instincts and ability to self-defense.
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 13 December 2017 20: 26
      +1
      I doubt it very much, for the term “long pigs” was coined in the same region, and by no means is Maori.