Military Review

Sergey Chernyakhovsky. National sovereignty and readiness for autarky

31
The question of national sovereignty is a question of state political sovereignty of the nation. Sovereignty within the country is a question of whose will is the highest in the country. Sovereignty in international relations is independence in international relations.


Sergey Chernyakhovsky. National sovereignty and readiness for autarky

Sergey Chernyakhovsky. Photo from izborsk-club.ru

The idea of ​​the country's sovereignty was established in Westfal in the year 1648, after the Thirty Years War, which shook Europe from the year 1618. And it meant the legal right of the monarch and the government of each separate state entity to obey neither the authority of the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation, nor the Roman papal throne.

At first it was the sovereignty of the ruler, perceived as an absolute, with the development of the idea of ​​people's sovereignty in the place of the absolute monarch came the absolute people, one after another replacing the idea of ​​the absolute god. Thus, the principle of the sovereignty of the nation was consistently established, from which the idea of ​​the nation’s right to self-determination in some form or other desired by it later grew.

It is probably clear that for the realization of national sovereignty, that is, the independence of the nation, besides the principle of sovereignty, the nation itself is needed. The problem is that the phenomenon of a nation is in fact more complex and more complex than it might seem. And the nation is not a nation, and not a nationality, and not a tribe, a nation — it is more and more complicated.

Formally, etymologically, a nation in Latin is exactly the same as an ethnos in Greek is just a “tribe”. Historically, an ethnos began to denote a less broad community — a community of origin, culture, and general appearance, which is somewhat narrower than a tribe in which people with different ethnic origins can merge. A nation — a wider community, including a community of language, territory, culture, a certain beginning of political association — which itself only gives the nation’s previous level to the nation, plus the economic community, that is, the possession of the national market.

The formation of a nation can go different ways to raise the community. The main, Western European, went through the isolation of linguistic communities from the former religious and civilizational - serving the interests of emerging market communities, what became the national markets and modern European states.

That is, the principle of state sovereignty and the nation’s right to self-determination has become only the principle of political expression and the protection of the interests of the national market. And as a principle, the unifying became and was the principle of the progressive development of society - in addition to everything else protecting original national languages ​​and national culture.

The problem is that national markets, having developed and strengthened within the framework of national states, began to outgrow their borders, partly entering into competition with each other, partly mastering those economic and geographical zones of the land where such markets have not yet emerged.

The principle of national sovereignty has lost its former content of the principle of unity of the national market.

To the extent that, by the end of the 20th century, a single world market had developed (although it had not yet been fully developed) and where a single world economic complex was taking shape, national sovereignty began to impede the development of the world market. The national community itself was deprived of its internal unity of the previously identified features: cultural-linguistic-historical unity to a noticeable degree has been preserved, and economic and market unity has been noticeably lost.

Perhaps the second and could effectively defeat the first, if not for two points. First, cultural, linguistic and historical self-identification strengthened and strengthened during the period of its economic consolidation, and at least for the time being played a valuable role. Secondly, national economies, uniting into the world space, sometimes even winning in comparison with the previous state, but often also losing, in any case turned out to be in a mutually unequal position with each other.

The stronger began to dominate, the relatively weaker were subordinate. The subordinate can no longer claim sovereignty — that is, the sovereign vassal system is restored under these conditions. Vassals can be more influential or less influential, a sovereign can reckon with some more, with another less, but not even those who are stronger from a traditional economic point of view dominate: who has stronger production, who produces better or cheaper ones, or more necessary goods, not even the one who has more modern technologies - but the one who holds in his hands the lines of communication and management of this united economy.

A nation-state that does not belong to this system will not be able to enter it on an equal footing and retaining its national sovereignty. If its economy exists as weak, it will have to comply not only with the rules, but with the interests of the stronger ones, rely in the world economy on a deliberately supporting role, on the fulfillment of the will of the owners of this system.

But even if this economy exists within its business complex as being sufficiently strong outside the existing system, it can only enter into the system by adjusting its business complex to it, abandon those industries that became strong precisely because they worked according to the rules and standards, different from the rules and standards of the external system.

If it does not stand up to competition with the subjects of the world economy, its economy will be destroyed, because it will not be able to give the world market what is in demand there.

If it turns out that it can withstand this competition, it means that it will be detrimental to those with whom it was able to compete and it will be destroyed by older, established and having a powerful potential for forcing submission to the economic actors of this market.

Hence, in the end, a simple dilemma: either national sovereignty or inclusion in the world market — one cannot be politically sovereign when set to economic subordination. And you can not economically fit into the world market, refusing to obey its rules. More precisely, it is possible - but only outside this market, becoming economically stronger than the whole of this market. Which, probably, is possible - but it is problematic and is not yet seen for Russia.

In response to this conclusion, a question naturally arises about the admissibility or inadmissibility of autarky, with which supporters of economic collaborationism are frightened by supporters of political sovereignty.

Autarky today is considered to be unacceptable, impossible and ineffective, although in reality this statement today is neither proven nor disproved - this is today only the dominant point of view, rather, the character of an established stamp. However, the question is different.

The question is not autarky and not self-isolation, although if a nation lives in a sick external environment, which has been shaken by crises every 6-8 years, it turns out to be three possible options for fate: to shake with external crises and suffer in unison with its neighbors, to try to forcibly cure its neighbors who do not want to be treated, to fence themselves off from them with an obstacle impenetrable to the carriers of the infection, ruthlessly isolating on their territory those who themselves turned out to be a similar carrier.

The question is that in order to ensure political national sovereignty, economic national sovereignty must be created. That is, an economy that is fundamentally not dependent on the world market, will be able to meet the needs of society on its own basis and provide society with a level of material well-being that at this stage will be perceived by society as sufficient and reasonably justified.

This economy either needs to be built for a national market, autonomous from the world market, or in general - which is better - should go beyond the market, become non-market, super-market, post-market - just like any giant corporation operating in the world. the market, within itself is extremely far from proper market relations. And precisely because it wants to remain subject-sovereign in the global market space.

This does not mean the requirement to leave world trade and the world economic space, it just has to, if the nation wants to maintain its sovereignty, be considered not as the main economic activity, but as extra earnings, part-time work, something that gives unplanned additional funds, and not the main article income.

In any case, one has to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaborationism and obedience to the requirements of the world market. And, accordingly, what is more important - national sovereignty or the benefits of the role of a vassal in the global market space.
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http://www.km.ru/v-rossii/2017/12/05/rossiya/815503-sergei-chernyakhovskii-natsionalnyi-suverenitet-i-gotovnost-k-avt
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 9 December 2017 07: 11 New
    +5
    In any case, you have to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market.


    This is clearly manifested in the IOC demand for the RUSSIAN national team ... not to display the symbols of their state at the OLYMPIAD ... that is, to deprive Russian athletes of the symbols of national sovereignty ... a Jesuit demand.
    Those athletes who will compete under a neutral flag are, roughly speaking, no one calls them in any way ... although hehe they come from RUSSIA.
    Even if they win in some kind of sport, it will be the victory of McLaren and Rodchenkov and does not represent any value to their people ... all the more so they can be taken away on any fictitious charge that will be impossible to refute.
    I read in the IOC documents on what basis the verdict of the accusation and the verdict in this organization and WADA is issued ... so if there is no concrete evidence of the athlete’s guilt, the accusation and the verdict are made on the basis of personal conviction of the verdict ...

    you know what thought ... not proven, but still guilty because you're Russian and I'm Russophobe. am
    1. groks
      groks 9 December 2017 13: 40 New
      +1
      Athletes have long been money-making machines. And if they show "patriotism", this will mean that they are paid more. What has already been said by our leadership.
    2. AA17
      AA17 12 December 2017 13: 35 New
      0
      Dear, the same LEKHA. I agree with your thoughts. I’ll add a little. I think - The authorities are not fully aware of what leads the permission for athletes to perform “without insignia” at the 2018 Olympic Games. Permission for athletes to speak at the Olympic Games without the flag and national anthem of Russia by the state will result in increased instability in society:
      1. Indirectly confirms the guilt of the state in the doping scandal. (then it is not necessary to SCREAM in all central channels - that we were unreasonably deprived of participation)
      2. Divides the population of our country into opponents of the performance of the Russian team at the Olympics and supporters.
      3. It destroys the solidarity of our athletes by dividing them into “pure” athletes and those who are stained in a doping scandal.
      Our "Russian partners" are trying to divide our Russian people in all directions. Our population is so strongly divided by pronounced social inequality. Now our population is trying to divide by moral and moral values.
      P.S. The state by voluntary decision should refuse to participate in the 2018 Olympic Games. The authorities should organize alternative sports (Goodwill Games 2018) with a record prize pool in SOCHI (since there is everything there for the Olympic Games) with the participation of athletes from the SCO countries. Oligarchs and bankers get to fork out for games. Bank profit in 2017 increased several times compared to 2016. Let them be patriots and work for the good of Russia.
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 9 December 2017 07: 15 New
    +6
    In any case, you have to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market.

    ... here there is a gap between those who want to see Russia prosperous and independent, and those who sleep and see themselves with bags of greenery, but under the heel of the west and the mericatos ... and whoever wins this is the future of Russia ...
    1. dSK
      dSK 9 December 2017 07: 52 New
      +6
      Quote: aszzz888
      wanting to see Russia prosperous

      Hello Sheriff! The views of the academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergey Glazyev are perceived with hostility by the federal government. While the liberals are rolling away from their own jokes, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergey Glazyev is taking active steps. In the Irkutsk region have already embarked on the implementation of policies based on an alternative all-Russian course of vision of possible ways of socio-economic development. The concept involves a significant strengthening of the state and the introduction of a state planning system. If in 2015 the deficit of the consolidated budget of the Irkutsk region amounted to 10 billion rubles, then the budget for this year is executed with a surplus. The successes of the region did not go unnoticed, even the Ministry of Finance, apparently unaware of who had a hand in the success, assigned the first degree of regional financial management quality to the Irkutsk region, and the international rating agency Standard & Poor's recently upgraded the rating of this region to the maximum possible. Glazyev is sure: having chosen the right vector of development, it is possible to achieve that the standard of living will improve in all regions. And among equals there will not be those who are “more equal”, as is happening now. (Article on the first Russian TV channel "Tsargrad" 22: 00., 08.12.17/XNUMX/XNUMX) Vladimir Vladimirovich, traditionally before the election, shakes the Cabinet. And this time is not far off. hi
      1. aszzz888
        aszzz888 9 December 2017 12: 20 New
        0
        dsk Today, 07:52

        Hello Sergey! I carefully read it. From part of S. Glazyev something is rational, but
        And among equals there will not be those who are “more equal”, as is happening now.
        I don’t believe in that. Proven for centuries, then with the blood of people. While there will be rich and poor, and they will be very long, if not always, will be new on both sides .... something like this, hi
        1. dSK
          dSK 9 December 2017 15: 25 New
          +1
          Quote: aszzz888
          S. Glazyev has something rational,

          This is a great article.: “From my point of view, in our federal state, where income levels are very different across regions, the federal center should ensure equalization,” Glazyev emphasized. “We used to have a budgetary grid. And all the teachers and doctors, regardless of whether They work in Moscow, in Magadan or Kemerovo, received the same salary for their work. " According to Glazyev, "if we are a social state where all citizens are equal, then we must pay the same salary for the same work." "Therefore, fiscal federalism is completely unsuitable for our country. We need to restore the budgetary network, which would ensure equal pay for all workers who receive wages from the state and work for the needs of society," the academician believes. While government officials are trying to flood the country's economy, regions are choosing their own path of development. In the Irkutsk region the ice has already broken. " hi
    2. ammunition
      ammunition 13 December 2017 06: 47 New
      0
      Quote: aszzz888
      In any case, you have to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market.


      The author of the article is right! And the third is not given.
      -------------------------
      Another thing is that the USSR had all the necessary resources for life and development in the conditions of authorship. In conditions of hard quarantine. The current R.F. does not have such a set of resources.
      Consequently - our semi-colonial status .. and "economic collaboration", this is an inevitable evil. Inevitable
  3. mac789
    mac789 9 December 2017 08: 01 New
    0
    It's funny ... Fence off from everyone, and develop their own ... It would not be bad ... That's just how to deal with product quality? We can again weep another AvtoVAZ ...
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 9 December 2017 09: 55 New
      +2
      But how to deal with product quality? We can again weep another AvtoVAZ ...
      In some areas of the Russian economy, quality is no worse. and in the military-industrial complex in many areas and indicators even better.
      weep another AvtoVAZ
      If you have a desire, then you always "pick" what you would like. And with AvtoVAZ, the "liberal" chip has long been outdated and even the "liberals" consider it vulgar today.
      1. mac789
        mac789 9 December 2017 14: 22 New
        0
        Well, firstly AvtoVAZ is not a chip but an example of the destructiveness of monopoly. As he had tolerances of + - 30mm along the diagonals, they remained. Or take the front wheel drive with CV joints, what kind of backlash is there on the new part? That is, machining accuracy, tolerance system and metal quality are, to say the least, lame. And the bearings on the Gazelle? In short, I mean that import, any, including Chinese, should be twenty to thirty percent more expensive than domestic counterparts. This will give manufacturers a sigh while not killing competition. That groups of funny characters who get bored and call their coven by the bank should not receive state loans at the Central Bank refinancing rate. They should not receive state loans at all. And they should be received by large backbone enterprises, whose capitalization is higher than that of many banks. As a result, enterprises will become centers of redistribution of resources, and the cost of the production cycle will decrease. Well, the loan market will naturally narrow down - which will lead to a drop in lending rates for other groups of borrowers.
  4. tasha
    tasha 9 December 2017 08: 21 New
    0
    will be able to meet the needs of society on its own basis and to ensure for society that level of material well-being, which at this stage the society will perceive as sufficient and reasonably justified.


    This is the problem. Again, bananas do not grow with us. How without bananas? wink

    it just has to, if a nation wants to maintain its sovereignty, not be seen as a main economic activity, but as extra income, a side job, something that gives unplanned additional funds, and not as a main source of income.


    We have been talking about this for a very long time. Get away from the commodity economy.
  5. olimpiada15
    olimpiada15 9 December 2017 08: 26 New
    +1
    Good article. "In any case, you have to choose either national sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market" The second option -
    it is a multinational corporation, which implies pressure on the market. This is a dictatorship for the benefit of TNCs, in which the rights of buyers are violated, and in this case, the life rights of the people are violated in vassal countries. For example, in the region you can grow vegetables. The population receives work, income, and buyers receive quality goods, and the economy is developing. Yes, the cost of production will be higher, but not critical, because there are simple mechanisms. In this case, both sellers and buyers are satisfied. Well, we don’t need surrogates having the appearance of a quality product whose final price is higher than natural due to logistics, storage using chemicals and margins, determined by the greed of suppliers. National sovereignty is an opportunity for the development of the state. The second option is the destruction of statehood and the sluggish process of destroying the people. And there is no real choice: either the state lives and develops, or the process of its destruction is underway.
  6. populist
    populist 9 December 2017 08: 40 New
    0
    An outstanding kind of verbiage on the themes of nation, sovereignty and market. stop The author is a doctor of political sciences, those master of such exorcises. wassat This crap is not supported by any historical examples. There is absolutely no illustrative example. And it’s clear why. Examples to these theses are difficult to pick up and easy to refute.
  7. XII Legion
    XII Legion 9 December 2017 08: 41 New
    14
    Mussolini tried to implement the author’s program
    Interesting ...
  8. Boris55
    Boris55 9 December 2017 08: 54 New
    0
    Quote: Sergey Chernyakhovsky
    In any case, you have to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market.

    In my opinion, we have already decided on this issue for a long time. Politicians rule us - we slammed seven boyars in its very bud, and in the West - the bourgeois. That is why the election of the president is so important in our country and this is why in the West it does not matter who will be the president. Politicians can be somehow influenced. On the bourgeois - almost no how. We have a more perfect system of power than theirs.
  9. andrej-shironov
    andrej-shironov 9 December 2017 09: 50 New
    +1
    And the power in Russia has shown what is more important for it!
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 9 December 2017 10: 20 New
      0
      Quote: andrej-shironov
      And the power in Russia has shown what is more important for it!

      How many types of authorities do you know and which authorities have shown whom to whom?
      1. andrej-shironov
        andrej-shironov 9 December 2017 17: 26 New
        0
        Legislative, executive and judicial. More questions on the basics of the state system of Russia will be? This was shown by the entire nomenclature of power in Russia, not excluding the guarantor. But you name the reason why a moratorium on the execution of death sentences in Russia under Yeltsin was conducted. wink
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 10 December 2017 09: 26 New
          0
          Quote: andrej-shironov
          Legislative, executive and judicial.

          Types of power are slightly larger and they depend on each other. Here is a visual picture for you:
          Quote: andrej-shironov
          But you name the reason why a moratorium on the execution of death sentences in Russia under Yeltsin was conducted.

          I’ll name it, if you answer for what reason Khrushchev, having come to power, signed the law on the non-jurisdiction of members of the Central Committee.
          1. andrej-shironov
            andrej-shironov 10 December 2017 10: 20 New
            0
            What? Sect again? I release you from the answer wink
            1. Boris55
              Boris55 10 December 2017 11: 35 New
              0
              Quote: andrej-shironov
              What? Sect again? I release you from the answer wink

              Can you give a definition of a sect? laughing
              1. andrej-shironov
                andrej-shironov 10 December 2017 14: 23 New
                0
                laughing Of course I can, but I won’t. I will save your time.
                1. Boris55
                  Boris55 10 December 2017 14: 48 New
                  0
                  Quote: andrej-shironov
                  laughing Of course I can, but I won’t.

                  And I can and I will. laughing

                  At least five characteristic features are characteristic of all sects without exception, regardless of their age and number of participants:
                  - The presence of esoteric and exoteric teachings, which in Russian means: in a sect there is always a teaching for the crowd and a teaching for the elite - dedicated hierarchs.
                  - The presence of certain dogmas of the doctrine, which are not subject to discussion and should be accepted by adherents of the doctrine as true without any doubt or reasoning.
                  - The presence of a ritual that accompanies any meeting of representatives of the sect and is actually a means of zombifying their psyche.
                  - The existence of an arbitrarily branched hierarchy, which is strictly forbidden to enter into a dispute with which according to the main dogmas of the sect’s teachings.
                  - Since the teachings of the sect are based on dogmas that are not subject to discussion, then there is no place for the formation of a personal culture of mastering new knowledge (there is no method of mastering) and a meaningful attitude to Life by conscience.

                  None of this definition of BER is suitable including BER is not a sect. BER - this is the development of Leningrad scientists completed in the 80s on the instructions of the Central Committee of the CPSU to counter Western ideology. Unfortunately, by the time she was ready, the authorities already had a hunchback ...
                  1. andrej-shironov
                    andrej-shironov 10 December 2017 15: 55 New
                    0
                    Hard 5! Zyuganov will put it in your gradebook wink
                    1. Boris55
                      Boris55 10 December 2017 16: 06 New
                      0
                      Quote: andrej-shironov
                      Hard 5! Zyuganov will put it in your gradebook wink

                      Zyugpnov is a Trotskyist who performs the task of quietly draining the Communists into the toilet of history. We are not on the road with him.
                      1. andrej-shironov
                        andrej-shironov 10 December 2017 17: 58 New
                        +1
                        smile The fact that he merges the Communists without a doubt.
  10. Stas157
    Stas157 9 December 2017 11: 04 New
    +6
    In any case, you have to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market.

    But the USSR did not have to face such a choice, because the USSR had a powerful economy and independent politics. And, Russia has not yet, neither one nor the other.
    The people give carte blanche to Putin only because Putin is trying (imitating) to make a policy independent of the West. With the economic situation, Putin is much more complicated.
    1. Victor N
      Victor N 9 December 2017 13: 45 New
      0
      Tips of an outsider?
      Putin is trying and has achieved a lot.
      And others do not try, they only moan and wail.
      Everyone needs to fight for their own economy, just as our grandfathers fought for their bins, and in their thoughts did not allow manna from heaven.
  11. populist
    populist 9 December 2017 12: 19 New
    0
    In any case, you have to choose: either national (political, cultural, economic) sovereignty, or economic collaboration and submission to the requirements of the world market.

    This is the main idea of ​​the article. It is deeply false and is easily refuted by the modern example of China. China is very significantly involved in the global market and nevertheless has not lost the slightest share of national sovereignty. There are other examples. So the author is unsuccessful. negative
  12. Sedoy
    Sedoy 9 December 2017 14: 00 New
    +1
    * And it is impossible to fit economically into the world market, refusing to obey its rules.
    ----------------
    nonsense, you can
    Merikos themselves write the rules and the entire world market obeys them to fit into their market