Military Review

American role of Russia: "whipping boy"

33
Whenever America gets into a crisis, Russia turns out to be a “whipping boy,” says famous historian Ivan Kurilla.




Ivan Kurilla - Professor, Historian, Doctor of Science, an employee of the European University (St. Petersburg), an expert in the field of US-Russian relations. In his last article, published in English in the newspaper Washington Post, he talked about "old stories”, Which is repeated every time the United States falls into the crisis period: in this case, Russia always finds itself in the role of“ whipping boy ”.

The Russians are watching the scandal over Russia's “interference” in the American election of 2016 of the year with a mixed feeling, in which there are pride, indignation, and regret, the scientist believes. The anti-Russian message flow in the media reminds the American-Russian relations specialist an old story that repeats over and over again: when America is in crisis, Russia turns into a “ready-made whipping boy.”

Supporters of President Vladimir Putin are proud of the great achievements of the Russian state and its powerful leader who, with the help of a “wise and cunning” plan, was able to influence even the election of the US president. Government propagandists deny all accusations of electoral contrivances and at the same time use the “obsession with Russia” to praise the successes of Putin, this world-class leader.

The Russian liberal critics of the Putin regime, the same reason saddens. They believe that the American media and the American political class greatly exaggerate the influence of Putin. According to Russian liberals, this “obsession with America” for the second year in a row only reinforces Putin’s dying popularity “at his home”. Liberals are also concerned that this vulnerable image of the American political system contributes to anti-democratic ideas and corresponding rhetoric in Russia.

All of this is very important for Russia, since "domestic policy has long been linked to relations between Moscow and Washington." Periods of growing cooperation between the US and Russia usually coincided with the liberalization of politics in the country, while each wave of hostility found its victims among Russian liberals and canceled their democratic agenda. The damage inflicted on US-Russian relations in the long term is regrettable "among pro-Western Russians."

The majority of Russians (and of those who oppose the Putin regime, and of those who are devoted to Putin), the historian continues, simply do not understand why the tone of the American media was “so anti-Russian.” If anxiety concerns trump's teamwork, then why “demonize Russia”?

Here, in Russia, many compare what allegedly happened in the elections in the United States, with America’s alleged interference in elections in Russia. For many Russian liberals, today's reports of investigations enliven the history of the 2012 protests of the year against election fraud in Russia. State propaganda at the time marginalized the leaders of the protest, linking them with American diplomats. There was a demonization of America. Michael McFaul, the then US ambassador to Russia, was just “a victim of this propaganda campaign.” In 2017, the boomerang returned in the form of a noisy public resonance against Russian Ambassador Sergei Kislyak. Russian liberals considered this a “mirror image” of those events.

Considering the history of US-Russian relations, the historian finds in the past several cases similar to what is happening now. The Cold War had its ups and downs, the author points out. After a period of detente and relaxation of tensions (the first half of the 1970's), new conflicts arose that occurred during the second half of this decade. Before the Soviet Union sent troops to Afghanistan (1979 year), President Jimmy Carter allowed himself serious criticism of Moscow. The reason was the "violation of human rights." From the perspective of America’s “moral superiority,” he called for attacking an old rival in the Cold War — and that was the very moment when America’s global glow dimmed because of the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal. The main goal of Carter (and then Reagan) was to restore "American pride." Russia was used by both presidents as a gasket.

For a whole century before Mr. Carter, the Americans experienced another identity crisis: it was in the era after the Civil War and the recovery period. The credibility of American moral leadership was then undermined. George Kennan's publication of his book on the Russian tsarist system of exiles in Siberia (do not confuse this Kennan with the last Cold War diplomat George F. Kennan, a distant relative of the first) in 1891, opened the way for Americans to condemn "Russian despotism." They could compare!

Undoubtedly, Tsarist Russia, the Soviet Union and modern Russia should be criticized for its “corrupt political system and human rights violations,” the author continues. However, one cannot ignore the fact that the American debate on Russia and the intensity of the relevant discourse cannot be explained solely by the actions of Moscow.

“The Russian theme rises in American society only under conditions of internal crises; Russia is portrayed either as a threatening source of distemper on the domestic front, or as some kind of low-level force that deserves notation from its superior Americans, ”Kurillon says ironically.

Both of these images are central to maintaining America’s confidence in its historic mission — the world leader of democracy. Americans, as the theologian R. Niebuhr once remarked, love to try on the clothes of “educators of humanity”.

Considering the current “American obsession with Russia”, it should be noted that Russia is again being used in the internal struggle in the United States as a whipping boy. Many Americans "clearly despise Trump," notes Kurilla. They find him "somehow non-American," because his position and his appearance "contradict their understanding of what it means to be an American leader." The “collusion” scandal is a convenient reason for their suspicion.

Other Americans simply consider this a good tool for putting pressure on an "unpredictable president." Trump's team meetings with the Russians, be they completely innocent, allowed the critics to reinforce the “demonic image of Russia.”

What happened and what else will happen to Mr. Trump is “a fully American issue,” which “has very little in common with Russia.”

In this sense, the historian is concerned about the impact of the recent media campaign and political rhetoric on Russian-American relations. The short-term results of this story are already obvious: public opinion based on suspicion will not allow D. Trump to take any step towards improving relations between the two countries or agree on a compromise on topical issues (for example, on nuclear weapons or European security).

The long-term consequences are much more serious: the revival of the image of “demonic Russia” that threatens the US political system, the sense of vulnerability and weakness of the American democracy in relation to authoritarian claimants to influence, and finally, “the refusal to understand Russia's problems” even if Russia acts rationally.

The image of “threatening” Russia will poison the future of bilateral relations after Trump and Putin “become history”. The ghosts of the current hostility towards Russia may arise again when another crisis breaks out in America, which again will require a scapegoat.

* * *


The famous historian spoke clearly and unequivocally on a depressing subject. The international scandals that have now spoiled relations between Washington and Moscow have a long “tradition”. (Let's use this particular word, despite the fact that the writer Soloukhin ordered to understand the tradition exclusively in a good sense.) And this “tradition” will poison not only the relations of the current period, when certain presidents rule the United States and Russia and set certain elites, , with mutual “demonization” and with “mirror” answers, it will also stretch into the future, leaving an imprint on the relationship in the long term.

In this case, the new cold war will last, like the old one, for decades, despite the fact that the former ideological basis cannot be under it. The Russians, under the leadership of the Kremlin, no longer impose communism on the planet - on the contrary, looking at the United States, they “created” oligarchic wildest capitalism. Reagan’s theses on the evil empire and his prophecy about the collapse of communism will thus be out of place in the struggle. However, the Americans, these world “educators,” still intend to read “notations” to those who have trouble with “human rights” or freedom of speech. There is a reason!

And if internal squabbles and feuds continue in the US, Russia will remain the designated “whipping boy.” How can this end in our sad time when a new arms race is unleashed?

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
33 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. solzh
    solzh 11 December 2017 15: 33 New
    +1
    And if internal squabbles and feuds continue in the US, Russia will remain the designated “whipping boy.” How can this end in our sad time when a new arms race is unleashed?

    Even if internal squabbles and feuds in the states cease, Russia will remain a whipping boy. It’s already in their blood and this depravity cannot be beaten out of them by anything, just as it is impossible to beat out laughter of stupid Americans out of us.
    1. dSK
      dSK 11 December 2017 20: 06 New
      +7
      Hello Sergey!
      Quote: solzh
      stupid Americans
      "Golden Horde 2.0"intellectual, sly - no chains, no shackles. Beautifully packaged -"democracy and freedom. " The US economy made "fantastic" growth spurts at least three times on the robbery of Russia after 1917, during the Second World War and after the collapse of the USSR. And now it’s certainly a “crisis”, it’s not possible to rob Russia, China, or India insolently. Boys, if they unite, can give change. hi
    2. g1washntwn
      g1washntwn 12 December 2017 12: 31 New
      0
      The US only thrives because it strictly adheres to its general doctrine of "Nobody should be stronger than America!" If in the US it’scrop failure"then they are doing their best to implement actions to"the neighbor’s cow died"and thereby remain the most successful. Anti-communism, supposedly innate Russophobia, and other searches for causes are empty.
  2. assa67
    assa67 11 December 2017 15: 41 New
    +6
    "demonize" Russia = branded mattress suit, especially if something is not right for themselves .. it was amusing that our liberals do not like it, supposedly such statements raise Putin’s rating ... do they even like something?
    1. Antianglosax
      Antianglosax 12 December 2017 11: 37 New
      +1
      Russia was used by both presidents as a gasket. The ghosts of the current hostility towards Russia may again arise when another crisis erupts in America, which again will require a scapegoat.
      And since our rulers allow this to be done by the Anglo-Zionist geeks, we treat them as female used pads and "scapegoats." Well, what else to call this thief kagal?
  3. NF68
    NF68 11 December 2017 15: 50 New
    +2
    Sooner or later, all these US escapades will already really bother not only US opponents, but also those countries that are considered their allies. In principle, this is already not very noticeable, but it is beginning to manifest itself. And then the United States will begin to truly lose influence in the world.
    1. cannabis
      cannabis 11 December 2017 16: 37 New
      +3
      Only after the 30th anniversary do people begin to understand a bit of the essence of the events. This is a calculation. New generations of young people are constantly growing up who, along with chewing gum, the Beatles, democracy, human rights, freedom of LGBT people, can inspire any ideas and easily manipulate while a person is ripe, understands how he was raped and thrown, he is already a powerless old man who has been excluded from active social activities. This is a calculation. The only way to resist is to preserve the national traditions, languages ​​and values ​​of nations. Otherwise, universal leveling, unification and, as a consequence, slavery.
  4. Berber
    Berber 11 December 2017 17: 00 New
    +1
    I believe that our political and economic system is stronger than the Soviet one. You can talk a lot about the power of the USSR, but ideology and the political system did not withstand competition from the West. At present, we have a market economy, with problems and shortcomings, but a market one. And we are a self-sufficient country. The United States also has a market, but the bulk of the economy is service, not industry. The level of consumption is overestimated and not only do not want to, they cannot reduce it. In fact, the United States - as an obese person, you need a diet and a tough one. Trump just wanted reforms that would save the economic system, but he would not be given. The fall of the hegemon will be visible. I do not want to be a prophet, but it is obvious.
    1. BecmepH
      BecmepH 12 December 2017 06: 36 New
      +1
      Quote: BerBer
      The fall of the hegemon will be visible. I do not want to be a prophet, but it is obvious.

      You are not the only prophet ... But, something your prophecies do not come true in any way, are tired already.
      Quote: BerBer
      I believe that our political and economic system is stronger than the Soviet one. You can talk a lot about the power of the USSR, but ideology and the political system did not withstand competition from the West.

      The Soviet system did not stand the test of time. Although, I would argue about this. Most likely it was not a test of time, but a betrayal. Nothing can stand against betrayal.
      At present, we have a market economy, with problems and shortcomings, but a market one.
      I would replace the word "market" with - "predatory," or "ravishing." This "market economy" is fed a certain group, which does not give a damn about the aspirations of the people and which has forgotten the concept of PATRIOTISM. They are not offended by the Power. And you say
      that our political and economic system is stronger than the Soviet one.
      1. Berber
        Berber 12 December 2017 08: 45 New
        +1
        Gather everything back to the heap. Separately, these are just emotions. With any ideology, there are those who are dissatisfied; any social structure has disadvantages. The issue of vitality is the main grain. Do you really think that the Soviet socialist (not communist) system is better? Social justice was not there. The party elite had more than the rest (I would say everything, but this is not right). Why is the Communist grin better than the capitalist. The bottom line is that with any system your neighbor does not give a damn about your problems. Now we live better than then. At least anyone with little effort can buy a car. And if you strain a little more, and an apartment. And about the United States we will see a decline.
        1. BecmepH
          BecmepH 12 December 2017 11: 36 New
          0
          Quote: BerBer
          Social justice was not there. The party elite had more than the rest

          Well, of course. Now it’s not so)))
          When the time comes in the bathhouse to compare life "then and now", the first argument ALWAYS pops up
          anyone with little effort can buy a car.

          These are the same values ​​as about rest in Turkey. Conduct an experiment, maybe this will lead you to other thoughts. Ask a traveler in Turkey: "Well, how did you rest?" The answer will be something like this: "Beer sea, grub to the dump." I repeat, that's all the values.
          I’m not going to compare systems, let alone argue about this, to no avail.
          I will say one thing! In those days, the holiday was in the soul "And now? You look at what is happening around and howl hunting." It's a shame for the state "(c).
          Example? Yes please! From the nearest ... Nobody in the world has problems with doping, but we have (from the DAM speech). And we still apologize (Zhukov).
          It would be impossible to imagine such a thing under the USSR. Reckoned with us, respected.
          And now? Eh ... (((
          1. Berber
            Berber 12 December 2017 12: 00 New
            +1
            I also like to remember pioneering childhood and Komsomol youth. But this is nostalgia. I will ask a simple question - how much money was spent by the USSR in the form of assistance to comrades abroad?
            1. BecmepH
              BecmepH 12 December 2017 13: 34 New
              0
              Quote: BerBer
              I will ask a simple question - how much money was spent by the USSR in the form of assistance to comrades abroad?

              Then we helped the "comrades abroad." And now? Read to whom Russia forgives debts and to whom it lends for nothing.
              http://militariorg.ucoz.ru/publ/ukraina_krym_ross
              ija / rossijskij_attrakcion_neslykhannoj_shhedrosti
              / 17-1-0-78199
              1. Berber
                Berber 12 December 2017 16: 06 New
                +1
                Judging by what I read, they basically wrote off the bad debts of the USSR in order to be able to move on.
        2. Antianglosax
          Antianglosax 12 December 2017 11: 44 New
          +2
          Quote: BerBer
          The party elite had more than the rest (I would say everything, but this is not right).

          But not by ten orders of magnitude or in the degree, as now, and for theft they planted ruthlessly, despite the ranks and ranks.
          You can talk a lot about the power of the USSR, but ideology and the political system did not withstand competition from the West.
          The agglomerates themselves admitted that our system was more efficient, and the omerzikosia was ready to collapse, but there was a bad boy, a humpbacked Judas, and heaped up the Union, which the West held on to loot for another 30 years. Now there is no one to “blame” - the roll has not grown, and have not yet found traitors, neither in China, nor in Russia, nor in India ... The crisis is not a child’s crisis, so they rush about like a wounded lynx.
          1. Berber
            Berber 12 December 2017 11: 57 New
            +1
            A planned economy in the form that was unviable in the USSR. Need a market with government controls. Well, with all this, the decency of the top, which is impossible, because the most unprincipled go up. And on the crisis, I agree - it’s hot.
  5. Strashila
    Strashila 11 December 2017 17: 13 New
    +1
    "The American role of Russia:" a whipping boy "" ... this cannot be, slander and slander ... the real role of Russia ... the elephant, as the heir to the USSR, and that, as you know, was the Motherland of elephants. Our poetic classic described who barks at the elephant ... true Pug, that's the true appearance of the United States ... and again the classic ... 3 times "HA HA".
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 11 December 2017 17: 44 New
      +3
      Quote: Strashila
      the role of Russia ... the elephant, as the heiress of the USSR

      Here you are mistaken, however, however, you are not alone in it, the only thing that Russia inherited from the USSR is international debts, otherwise Russia today is an antagonist of the USSR, and all that is said on TV is for scoring in elections
      1. Conductor
        Conductor 11 December 2017 18: 58 New
        +1
        Do you watch TV? The last time I watched on November 20.minutes so 15. spat. went to read Schweik. ))))
      2. BecmepH
        BecmepH 12 December 2017 06: 38 New
        0
        Quote: sa-ag
        present-day Russia is an antagonist of the USSR,

        There is no arguing with you, unfortunately
    2. Conductor
      Conductor 11 December 2017 19: 00 New
      +1
      As for Pug you probably went too far, that one is an elephant or a donkey)) But they constantly want to kick.
      1. Strashila
        Strashila 11 December 2017 19: 39 New
        0
        And if this elephant, so to speak figuratively ... well, it’s quite a little ... fart so to speak ... given the rose of winds on the mother of the planet, the pug ... maybe it will not suffocate, but it will choke and cough for a long time.
        1. BecmepH
          BecmepH 12 December 2017 06: 43 New
          0
          It’s good that you are so patriotic.
          But you have to be realistic. AND
          Quote: Strashila
          given the wind rose on mother planet,
          while we ourselves are suffocating from our bunches. Our helmsman is dependent on a wind rose. But you can use a wind rose, and not depend on it?
  6. sa-ag
    sa-ag 11 December 2017 17: 42 New
    +1
    "... In this case, the new Cold War will last, like the old, for decades."
    Just the same, the past confrontation was so long, firstly because of the ideological component, secondly, the speed of dissemination and availability of information is now much higher and decision-making is the same, and finally, maintaining power in the West, the government becomes very vulnerable and its they will bend quickly, they have already begun - with Suleiman Kerimov, and from February 2018 it will begin to grow to the full, in order to save its soldiers on the field of miracles, the authorities will act just like after a night conversation with Didier Burkhalter, i.e. saving their personal, not state interests
    1. BecmepH
      BecmepH 12 December 2017 06: 46 New
      0
      Quote: sa-ag
      past confrontation was so long in the first place because of the ideological component,

      which is not now !!!
  7. Horseman without a head
    Horseman without a head 11 December 2017 18: 27 New
    15
    Rats
    Alone around
    It’s disgusting to look at those on these
  8. Conductor
    Conductor 11 December 2017 18: 55 New
    0
    Putin’s expression on the photo is as if he wants to say Don- you got ramse or something))))
  9. Overlock
    Overlock 11 December 2017 19: 55 New
    0
    A graduate of Duke University (North Carolina, USA) with a master's degree in economics, Dvorkovich agreed (or maybe he opened up?) To the point that "Russia must pay for the US financial stability." We are talking about investing the proceeds from the privatization of state property, "not provided for in the budget", in American bonds through the Reserve Fund and the National Welfare Fund.
  10. Nyrobsky
    Nyrobsky 11 December 2017 23: 09 New
    +3
    In this case, the new Cold War will last, like the old, for decades., despite the fact that there can’t be a former ideological foundation under it ........... There is a reason! And if internal squabbles and strife in the USA continue [/ b], then Russia will remain designated “whipping boy”. How can this end in our sad time, when a new arms race is unleashed?
    No. The West no longer has decades, there are years left. There are also no ideological contradictions, there are financial contradictions. The United States today, not at all the same as it was 20 years ago, is a relatively ill person who sits on strong painkillers. The US today cannot live without borrowing. The debt of 20 trillion, which eats up the lion's share of US GDP for its servicing, is not going to stop there and the US will increase its ceiling. But it can’t be raised endlessly. Having created the dollar system, the United States freely lived by making the dollar the main commodity, but today they again cannot print it in the same volume. Over the past quarter century since the collapse of the USSR, the US economic rival China has emerged in the arena of international politics - China, which created the premise that the pendulum of the world economy swung from the West to Asia and the United States can do nothing but stir up a nuclear skirmish with the North. Korea to make this region "unattractive." The locomotive countries of the new world economy interested in new international economic projects in Eurasia are again faced with the fact that their capabilities are severely inhibited due to dollar dictatorship and are trying to partially or completely refuse to use it in calculations, which the United States cannot like. Having exterminated those who dared to encroach on the power of the Hussein and Gaddafi dollars, the United States showed the world that any country, without exception, demonstrating independence and economic growth, is a threat to the United States, and therefore is not immune from military intervention in their affairs, to establish "democracy" under any far-fetched pretext. The world endured dictatorship until Russia demonstrated its strength in Syria, against which 60 countries of the pro-American coalition could not counter much, except for a contrived scandal with doping and hacker attacks. The emerging military force represented by Russia, combined with the economic power of China, has now given the world a great opportunity to abolish the dollar and create a new financial system, which will inevitably lead to the collapse of the United States. Yes, it will be painful for the whole world, but not deadly. So before the financial crisis, the United States does not have decades, nor for what would keep Russia as a "whipping boy." It may be messy, but it seems something like this.
    1. BecmepH
      BecmepH 12 December 2017 06: 55 New
      0
      Quote: Nyrobsky
      The United States today, not at all the same as it was 20 years ago, is a relatively ill person who sits on strong painkillers.

      We must not wait for the adversary to fall to your grave, but get out and push him there.
      How many years have we been waiting for the prophecies about the demise of the SGA to come true? We wait, we wait, but they all do not come true and do not come true.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 12 December 2017 10: 29 New
        0
        Quote: BecmepH
        How many years have we been waiting for the prophecies about the demise of the SGA to come true? We wait, we wait, but they all do not come true and do not come true.

        You see, Alexei, in the current financial situation in the United States, little depends on our Wishlist and expectations. Figuratively speaking, the upcoming financial crisis is like a bomb with a clockwork that is already ticking and fluttering on time.
    2. g1washntwn
      g1washntwn 12 December 2017 12: 43 New
      0
      When it became clear that they could not provide the entire volume of printed US dollars with gold, the United States jumped out of the Bretton Woods Agreement. When it became obvious that it was impossible to restrain debt growth, the restrictions were lifted. When the gentleman begins to lose, the gentleman changes the rules in his favor. And about the reasons why the US selectively spoils one or the other, he wrote above. Russia (and before that the USSR) is simply the most obvious and unpretentious competitor to the hegemon.
  11. enmesher
    enmesher 13 December 2017 16: 21 New
    0
    Quote: NF68
    Sooner or later, all these US escapades will already really bother not only US opponents, but also those countries that are considered their allies.

    It’s not even a matter of bothering or not. The entire political system of the United States resembles the joke "animals fell into the pit", they will eat the weakest one by one. Strong countries such as Germany and France know this, but no one will let them out of the pit. It is hoped that until the matter comes to them, the "wolf" will either die of old age, or be reborn by some little animal (possibly fat with slanting eyes).