Military Review

How will the "Tritons" change the air situation at the western borders of the Russian Federation after 2018?

51



Literally every week in news sections of the "Military Review" and other Russian news agencies, you can find small publications about the incessant flights of British and American electronic and optical-electronic reconnaissance aircraft RC-135 V / W "Rivet Joint", patrol P-8A "Poseidon", as well as unmanned strategic scouts RQ-4A / B near the A2 / AD air lines of the Kaliningrad exclave and the Republic of Crimea. In order to intercept, analyze and ultimately create a digital database on the frequency modes of operation of radar detectors and radar surface-to-air missile systems S-300PM1 / V4 and S-400, as well as reconnaissance of the parameters of tactical communication radio channels and data exchange between air defense missile systems and RTV units, data machines spend in neutral airspace over the Black and Baltic Seas for a total of several dozen hours a week. As for the strategic unmanned reconnaissance aircraft RQ-4A "Global Hawk" with the call sign "UAVGH000", as well as the patrol aircraft P-8A "Poseidon", the first of which occasionally runs 25-60 km from the contact line in Donbass, and the second - in a few tens of kilometers from the Crimea, then their tasks also include long-range optical-electronic reconnaissance of coastal military facilities by means of onboard optical-electronic means (the former does it much better).

Global Hawk, with its integrated rotary optical-electronic complex SYERS-2B / C, located in a cylindrical module (in the forward fuselage niche), of course, has much higher intelligence capabilities. The multispectral complex SYERS-2B / C has a significantly higher luminosity due to the large diameter of the camera's mirror, while the optical zoom exceeds the mark in 40X, as well as the OBC standard camera for American reconnaissance. Ideal abilities of this complex can be demonstrated with maximum transparency of the atmosphere, and therefore, in a normal meteorological environment. Given that the machine operates at altitudes from 15,5 to 18,5 km, the distance to the objects being explored can reach 150 - 200 km without high loss of image quality. In one of our works concerning the reconnaissance flight of the UAVGH000 board in 25 km from Mariupol, it was noted that SYRERS-2B / C can easily monitor the Russian military infrastructure near Eisk and Taganrog, which is cause for concern. As for the P-8A "Poseidon" operating in the Sevastopol and Feodosiya NR, here the entire emphasis is placed mainly on the on-board electronic reconnaissance equipment (station SPO / DER AN / ALQ-240 (V1)), as well as the airborne radar complex AN / APY-10 (official index AN / APS-137D (V5)).

Despite the fact that the APY-10 is represented by a parabolic antenna array (the classic type of radar), its efficiency and performance remains at an extremely high level. In particular, due to the high peak power in 50 kW and centimeter X-band work. These two parameters, in combination with modern on-board computers, allow achieving resolution in 3,5 m in standard tracking mode and 1 m - in ISAR mode (the so-called “reverse synthesized aperture”). At the same time, frigate targets can be detected at a distance of about 270 km. The MH-20HD turret television complex can also be used, but not much will come of it, despite even the powerful 60-70-fold optical zoom. Indeed, because of the lower (than Global Hawk’s) height of duty at 10 - 12 km, to achieve a satisfying atmosphere transparency, the Poseidons must fit almost under the aerial borders of Crimea, which the Americans, for understandable reasons, try not to allow. The P-8A P-9A conducts more or less assured optical reconnaissance only for the disputed Spratly archipelago in the South China Sea, where it is in their favor that the military-political support from Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, which do not recognize the “XNUMX-dotted line », Mapped by the manual of the Celestial Empire.

Meanwhile, the Global Hawks, Rivet Points, and the latest modifications of the Orions in the near future will no longer be the only means of the US “intelligence triad” that bring discomfort to the objects of our Naval fleet, Aerospace Forces and Ground Forces stationed in close proximity to the coastline of the Baltic, Barents and Black Seas. Back in mid-October 2017, the headquarters of the Northrop Grumman Corporation announced the installation of wings on the airframe of the first serial strategic patrol UAV MQ-4C Triton. This news fully coincided with the plans of Northrop specialists announced in June to prepare the first production vehicles for operational combat readiness by the beginning of 2018. And at the moment they are on schedule. One of the decisive stages of bringing the first naval drones to operational readiness is the installation and configuration of the advanced software "Increment 3.1", which should synchronize with the onboard computer of the drone all onboard radio-electronic equipment (from the updated multifunctional radar and optoelectronic complex to the radiation warning system and navigation system). This only means that the first MQ-4C "Triton" in the coming months can be deployed at numerous air bases in the Asia-Pacific region, the North American continent, Western Asia and Europe. What does this mean in relation to our state?

Naturally, an increase in the number of reconnaissance flights in the immediate vicinity of the main naval bases of the Pacific, Northern, Baltic and Black Sea fleets, as well as on the far approaches to strategically important logistics points, naval bases and coastal air bases in the Eastern Mediterranean and on the Red Sea coast (recall that the end of 2017 was very successful for Moscow in view of the agreement on the use of Russian tactical Egyptian airfields aviation and an invitation to Port Sudan to build a large naval base in the Asia-Pacific region). But the most important point can be considered not even an increase in the number of reconnaissance operations due to the use of new Tritons, but an increase in the duration of flights of each unit and the possibility of new avionics. In particular, according to foreign sources and the resource bastion-karpenko.ru referring to them, the radius of the new drone intended for the US Navy is not the previous 4445 km (like the base RQ-4A), but about 9000 - 11000 km, which is achieved due to the large volume of the fuel system and the wing span increased to 39,9 m; As you know, such a design feature allows you to increase the bearing properties of the airframe and save fuel consumption during flights in the stratosphere. Consequently, only one MQ-4C “Triton” deployed at the Sigonella airbase is capable of not only making several “hooks” at the contact line in the Donbass in one flight, but also later heading into the Baltic sky and spend several hours reconnaissance there in the Kaliningrad exclave and the Leningrad region.

Somewhat apart is the upgraded Triton airborne radar system - AN / ZPY-3 MFAS, which, unlike the AN / ZPY-2 MP-RTIP (Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program), has additional modes, including the same mode ISAR reverse synthesized aperture, which allows to obtain three-dimensional radar images of not only large frigate / destroyer types NK, but also small missile and patrol boats with a resolution of 1 - 0,5 meters. Achieved are radar images of photographic accuracy, by which one can not only classify a ship with radar off, but also identify it in the most complex meteorological situation. The highest resolution is achieved by aggregating the centimeter X-band operation using a multi-element active phased antenna array. According to information found in American sources, the energy capabilities of MFAS remained at the MP-RTIP level: the officially indicated instrumental range for large sea and land objects is 370 km.

For detecting, tracking and determining the types of moving surface objects, including vehicles, armored vehicles, artillery, small boats and boats, the standard GMTI mode is used, which is also present in conventional waveguide-gap AN-APG-68 (V) 9 radar F -16C Block 52 / +. The key technological advantage of the AN / ZPY-3 radar in comparison with the MP-RTIP is a fundamentally different design of an antenna web reversal electromechanical device, providing an 360-degree full view. This determines the best spatial and tactical flexibility of the Triton.


Principal differences in the design of the AN / ZPY-2 and AN / ZPY-3 radar units


For example, a drone can begin using an airborne radar at the moment it arrives at a reconnaissance object, when the latter is in the forward hemisphere. For Global Hawk, this patrol configuration is fantastic, since the AN / ZPY-2 radar only turns to the right or left hemisphere due to rotation on the 2 bearing axis with an antenna platform along the longitudinal axis of the aircraft (along the roll): rotate to the object being explored left or right side (in the front and rear hemispheres, 2 dead zones with a sector in 60 ° are formed).

From all of the above, it follows that the MQ-4C "Triton" will turn into a rather annoying tool of multi-band optical and radio intelligence, which will be present at our borders for much longer than the RQ-4A. And given that the MFAS radar is more “sharpened” to work on surface objects, it’s time to think about retrofitting coastal naval facilities and individual warships with modern electronic countermeasures to level all the advantages of an active phased array of Triton radar.

Information sources:
https://www.gazeta.ru/army/2017/06/13/10720037.shtml
http://bastion-karpenko.ru/mq-4c/
http://bastion-karpenko.ru/rq-4-global-hawk/
http://cmano-db.com/pdf/sensor/5006/
http://forum.militaryparitet.com/viewtopic.php?id=18433&p=4
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 8 December 2017 06: 30 New
    +9
    MQ-4C “Triton” will turn into a rather annoying instrument of multi-band optical and radio-technical intelligence, which will be present at our borders much longer than RQ-4A.


    It’s not enough to do half measures ... fighting this intelligence tool ... you need to force the Americans to stop conducting this brazen intelligence along our borders ... but how? Here I don’t have any information or knowledge to offer something .... I hope smart heads on the forum fill the gap.
    1. kenig1
      kenig1 8 December 2017 06: 48 New
      +6
      In order for the Americans to stop conducting brazen intelligence, I propose that they be required to disband all their intelligence structures.
      1. Verkhomnapule
        Verkhomnapule 8 December 2017 10: 18 New
        +4
        heh !!! good tochnik, ask so, "dear", will you be so kind .....................
      2. Mih1974
        Mih1974 8 December 2017 14: 04 New
        +6
        Yes, you just need to shoot down these UAVs good soldier Firstly, as long as no one dies, there will be nothing except a squeal. The situation in the World over the West’s hitting us is almost pre-war. It’s also high time to break the nuclear test ban treaty !! And start "checking" our nuclear weapons stockpiles. Also, to officially inform (via the anus) of the West that "any nuclear war with your participation closer than 200 km to our borders - we will consider it as an attack on Russia from the use of nuclear weapons" am
        1. Shkodnick
          Shkodnick 8 December 2017 17: 57 New
          +8
          Burn out optics with a laser, revive the Compression project by positioning the installations next to critical objectsktami
        2. sa-ag
          sa-ag 11 December 2017 17: 26 New
          0
          kvass to this guy
    2. novel66
      novel66 8 December 2017 09: 37 New
      +6
      something REBovsky influence the drone to crash
      1. Lycan
        Lycan 8 December 2017 10: 14 New
        +2
        Even they have the means of such protection. But even if they are imperfect, they do not stand still. It is worth thinking about something more effective .......
      2. Berber
        Berber 8 December 2017 16: 37 New
        +1
        Right Burn out the electronics completely.
        1. Normal ok
          Normal ok 9 December 2017 00: 10 New
          +2
          Quote: BerBer
          Right Burn out the electronics completely.

          Yeah, with matches. Proceed.
    3. klaus16
      klaus16 8 December 2017 09: 38 New
      +2
      So we also need to conduct reconnaissance openly. Only here is not the IL-38mi. Well, or to muffle them quietly.
    4. misti1973
      misti1973 8 December 2017 16: 22 New
      +2
      Smart heads in shape is nonsense;) And it's not in the brains, but in the financing of research. There is no money, no technology!
    5. Krabik
      Krabik 8 December 2017 17: 32 New
      +8
      You do not.

      They always patrolled our borders and tried to take on weakly our military.

      Even domestic films were shot on these events.

      But I liked the conclusion of Damantsev.

      Put electronic warfare in places where reconnaissance of amers is not desirable.
      And stupidly illuminate purposefully their reconnaissance vehicles.

      I suspect that it will be cheaper than the cost of flying these devices.

      The only unpleasant thing is that our military flies for reconnaissance on the TU-95, and the Americans fly to Tritons and GlobalHocks.

      But we’ll cross our fingers so that our TU-95 do not break, otherwise they will drive our poor fellow for reconnaissance on TU-16 ...
    6. Sergey Volkov
      Sergey Volkov 9 December 2017 08: 22 New
      +3
      you need to make a cheap drone and "leave" them about the newt, well, and apologize with a downcast look, they say we are testing our drone in interaction with yours.
    7. iouris
      iouris 11 December 2017 20: 38 New
      0
      Quote: The same Lech
      Half measures can not do here ...

      Do you propose to destroy the United States? I put the question to the vote.
    8. daddy angel
      daddy angel 12 December 2017 21: 46 New
      0
      it is necessary to come up with such an EMP gun to surely destroy the electronics of this drone at a distance of 100 km.
  2. zzdimk
    zzdimk 8 December 2017 06: 31 New
    +2
    It is necessary to find a swatter on this swarm.
    Reb complex with AI flying ...
  3. zulusuluz
    zulusuluz 8 December 2017 07: 26 New
    +5
    You need to start shooting them off under the guise of a UFO. There are no people on them; membership is unknown. The main thing is not to raise the escort aircraft, strike from the ground and say, they say, "they did not see the flag on the hull."
    1. Skeptic
      Skeptic 8 December 2017 09: 16 New
      0
      Quote: zulusuluz
      You need to start shooting them off under the guise of a UFO. There are no people on them; membership is unknown. The main thing is not to raise the escort aircraft, strike from the ground and say, they say, "they did not see the flag on the hull."

      Nausea. I don’t think it’s easy to distinguish between a drone and a passenger boeng from the ground.
      1. johnik
        johnik 8 December 2017 09: 33 New
        +1
        And they can distinguish - in the article they have a 3-d resolution of 1-3 meters
        1. Skeptic
          Skeptic 8 December 2017 12: 38 New
          0
          Seriously? Do you think that radars simultaneously determine horizontal and vertical coordinates, as well as dimensions? Maybe the radar you determine at a range of several hundred km and the composition of the alloy object?
          1. Topotun
            Topotun 8 December 2017 17: 05 New
            +3
            Are you kidding me? An old S-200 radar can work in the mode of determining the elevation, range, speed of the target. And the signature of such a UAV and a passenger Boeing is very different.
          2. karabas-barabas
            karabas-barabas 8 December 2017 17: 12 New
            0
            Well, look at the picture from the F-35 radar, be very surprised.
      2. novel66
        novel66 8 December 2017 09: 38 New
        +3
        Boeing on 18 thousand do not fly
      3. Mih1974
        Mih1974 8 December 2017 14: 08 New
        +6
        I will surprise you, but ANY aircraft outside international corridors is almost immediately considered hostile and must be destroyed "in a special period." good Moreover, EVERY passenger (except for any small things) board MUST have a special beacon on. good These data (from lighthouses) even in the internet in real time are shown by anyone who is “very smart” and flies without it at our borders - “must crawl”. bully
    2. Topotun
      Topotun 8 December 2017 17: 06 New
      +1
      It is impossible. In international airspace, all aircraft have the right to fly.
  4. lukewarm
    lukewarm 8 December 2017 08: 51 New
    16
    I propose expressing deep concern. And buy some more of their bonds
  5. edeligor
    edeligor 8 December 2017 09: 07 New
    +5
    It is necessary to hang airships with hazard generators in dangerous directions, remember the defense of Moscow - both cheaply and angrily.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. karabas-barabas
      karabas-barabas 8 December 2017 17: 15 New
      +1
      Quote: edeligor
      and cheap and angry.


      In my opinion it will not be cheap, Rogozin will not let you lie, and besides, it’s not very effective, here Rogozin will also be able to give an exhaustive answer!)
  6. Ivanov IV
    Ivanov IV 8 December 2017 09: 47 New
    +1
    In the time immemorial of my youth, pigeons and ravens were fried in the beam of radar systems. The drone is clearly different, but a lot has passed. The Americans are about to burn ships with lasers.
    Some kind of doom comes through in the article.
  7. Dargavs
    Dargavs 8 December 2017 10: 13 New
    +6
    The technical characteristics of the annoying device are known, the methods of counteracting or incapacitating have long been known (for example, a high-frequency narrowly targeted pulse, laser damage to surveillance devices, and ultimately control interception), to pose a specific problem and the problem is solved!
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 8 December 2017 10: 52 New
      0
      This is over their territory, and over a stranger?
    2. Nick
      Nick 8 December 2017 11: 47 New
      0
      Quote: DargAVS
      The technical characteristics of the annoying device are known, the methods of counteracting or incapacitating have long been known (for example, a high-frequency narrowly targeted pulse, laser damage to surveillance devices, and ultimately control interception), to pose a specific problem and the problem is solved!

      Yes, all this is possible, but alas, over neutral waters only in the event of a declaration of war. And their aerial scouts do not enter our territorial waters, according to the article.
    3. karabas-barabas
      karabas-barabas 8 December 2017 17: 31 New
      +1
      Quote: DargAVS
      Technical specifications of the annoying device are known


      Only those performance characteristics are known that are known from the words of the developers themselves. Nothing more is known.



      Quote: DargAVS
      methods of counteraction or incapacitation have long been known, (for example, a high-frequency narrowly targeted pulse, laser damage to surveillance equipment, and finally, control interception)


      All these “methods” from the conversations of couch experts are known and are more similar in their proximity to reality to methods for destroying reconnaissance and communication satellites using a bucket of nuts. In fact, such strategic UAVs have several levels of protection and ways of transmitting information, and in order to get something out of the way with the laser, you must first have such a laser, and secondly fly a couple of kilometers to this UAV .. "A narrowly targeted high-frequency pulse" is something specific, or just a theory? Take control, too, does not work, this is not a Chinese toy. The only thing that can be achieved is the failure of the mission, if there is a danger of UAV defeat, but for this you will have to violate the airspace of the countries bordering the Russian Federation.
      1. Rospah
        Rospah 8 December 2017 18: 59 New
        0
        "this is not a Chinese toy" Here is also not a Chinese toy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXhQQ5jxrto but somehow it worked out. Most likely there was no team to do this.)))
  8. Konstantin Yu
    Konstantin Yu 8 December 2017 11: 58 New
    0
    I think it’s worth bending our directions, where we are still ahead (I hope there are such) And those who are importunate, I think it is necessary to reset to zero in principle: I flew in, saw something bright, and went blind forever, and listened to deaf from Mozert ... Well, we love him very much. )))
  9. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 8 December 2017 13: 02 New
    0
    Each radar has electronic warfare ... The competition "shell vs armor" - forever.
    1. karabas-barabas
      karabas-barabas 8 December 2017 17: 33 New
      0
      Well, and what kind of electronic warfare prevents these UAVs from flying and shining through 250km + deep into the Russian border?
  10. monah2987
    monah2987 8 December 2017 15: 12 New
    0
    The "fakir" with the torch is suffering ...
  11. 1536
    1536 8 December 2017 16: 29 New
    +2
    Quote: The same Lech
    MQ-4C “Triton” will turn into a rather annoying instrument of multi-band optical and radio-technical intelligence, which will be present at our borders much longer than RQ-4A.


    It’s not enough to do half measures ... fighting this intelligence tool ... you need to force the Americans to stop conducting this brazen intelligence along our borders ... but how? Here I don’t have any information or knowledge to offer something .... I hope smart heads on the forum fill the gap.

    How? Shoot down! On May 1 1960 an U-2 American aircraft was shot down over the Urals. After that, reconnaissance flights over the USSR ceased. Use case times. In 1983, a South Korean Boeing was shot down, which conducted reconnaissance over our Far Eastern territory. The Americans began to fly at a considerable distance from our borders. Use case two. Someone will say that it was our airspace, but here it is neutral. But we must recall our recently shot down in international airspace by our Su-24 forces of the Turkish Air Force. The state of Israel does not consider it necessary in the event of the destruction of terrorists to make excuses to anyone.
    We must understand that we are in a hostile environment. Either knock down or stop fooling the people and return to the “Kozyrev” policy, which many obviously yearn for, getting off empty talk and half measures.
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 9 December 2017 11: 24 New
      0
      So they will fly abroad. You can’t shoot down. Thinner is necessary, but bright.
  12. sapporo1959
    sapporo1959 8 December 2017 17: 13 New
    0
    Yes, let them fly to themselves in principle. What can they see there on our border except the border guard Karatsupa and his dog?
  13. Sergey Cojocari
    Sergey Cojocari 8 December 2017 17: 18 New
    +1
    I remember there was so much agitation after Sushka’s flight with the Khibiny over Cook ... from, - "all electronics were cut out on Cook," until, - American sailors fled in fear from the ship in the nearest port. "Against such statements, the panic around "Triton" becomes weird.
  14. ver_
    ver_ 9 December 2017 07: 25 New
    0
    Quote: BerBer
    Right Burn out the electronics completely.
  15. The poor man
    The poor man 9 December 2017 10: 24 New
    +1
    And what will the head of EW tell us?
  16. NordUral
    NordUral 9 December 2017 11: 23 New
    0
    And considering that the MFAS radar is more “sharpened” for work on surface objects, it’s just right to think about retrofitting the coastal naval objects and individual warships with modern electronic countermeasures, which make it possible to level all the advantages of the active TAR of the Triton radar.

    It would be nice if all the inside of the tritonium was burned out at the same time. Snakeheads are getting ready. At first, as they have been doing for many years, they lie and crap to us, they have imposed themselves on the western and southern borders. And they lead to the possibility of hitting us with a whole flock of jackals.
    I hope that we still have the real military and engineering corps capable of responding with dignity.
    Although oligarchic feudalism is difficult to imagine. Unless there is a change in our minds and the country will be led by real leaders.
  17. asr55
    asr55 9 December 2017 20: 23 New
    0
    Quote: Mih1974
    I will surprise you, but ANY aircraft outside international corridors is almost immediately considered hostile and must be destroyed "in a special period." good Moreover, EVERY passenger (except for any small things) board MUST have a special beacon on. good These data (from lighthouses) even in the internet in real time are shown by anyone who is “very smart” and flies without it at our borders - “must crawl”. bully

    Well, these are reasonable words.
  18. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 10 December 2017 08: 31 New
    0
    Need your shock drones !!!!!! On their departure, raise your own with electronic warfare systems. But with this power, as the man wrote above, it can only be invested in US securities
  19. sa-ag
    sa-ag 11 December 2017 17: 34 New
    0
    In general, these commentators, who suggest using all kinds of electromagnetic pulses and so on, think that a passenger airliner, flying close to the international corridor, may suffer from this effect, or a shout loudly shout something jingoistic, maybe it will be counted into karma?
  20. m.cempbell
    m.cempbell 13 December 2017 09: 12 New
    +1
    But that's not the IL-38mi

    And why didn’t you please the 38th? Big? Droya? Old?
    So the "global hawk" is never small, and the flight hour will be more expensive.

    A significant advantage of it is that in which case the crew does not need to risk it.
  21. m.cempbell
    m.cempbell 13 December 2017 09: 24 New
    +1
    It is necessary to revive air defense aviation. They spotted such a "scout" near their airspace, lifted the interceptor, and did not leave their zone to launch a long-range explosive, and that’s all - there is no scout. Given their price, they will think next time. And for all sorts of attacks that they say shot down in the international air. space - to answer saying there’s nothing to peek through the crack (read - to conduct reconnaissance from the international air space). They shot down a combat scout, not a civilian side. By the way, to finish nudol, and you can do the same with spy satellites - flew over us ... and disappeared.