Military Review

Airborne troops. 2017 results of the year and plans for 2018

In the current and future state armament programs, some attention is paid to the upgrading of the material part of the airborne troops. Given the special role of this type of troops, the programs provide for the supply of a significant amount of weapons and equipment of both existing and prospective types. To date, such supplies have already led to a marked increase in the share of new samples. Current trends will continue, and Airborne will soon receive new weapon and technique.

In recent years, the military and defense industries, overcoming the differences, have begun to update the fleet of combat vehicles of the airborne troops. New contracts for the supply of certain weapons were also signed. The implementation of such agreements has already led to the most serious results. The share of new designs is constantly growing, which positively affects the potential of the troops.

December 1 edition of the Ministry of Defense "Red Star" has published several interesting statements of the commander in chief of the Airborne Forces, Colonel-General Andrei Serdyukov. The commander told about the latest achievements in the training of personnel, the formation of new parts, as well as the supply of modern weapons and equipment. So, to date, a significant update of the material part has been carried out, and in the foreseeable future it will continue.

According to A. Serdyukov, at the moment the share of new weapons, military and special equipment in the Airborne Forces exceeds 60%. A significant contribution to the renewal of the fleet of combat vehicles made the process of building new technology. For two years, the army received four battalion sets (120 units) of BMD-4M airborne combat vehicles and BTR-MDM Rakushka armored personnel carriers. Two sets of four were delivered this year and entered into service with the Ulyanovsk separate assault landing brigade.

As part of the procurement of new systems and weapons, the airborne troops are also modernizing their air defense. In the air defense units delivered about five hundred complexes for various purposes. These are reconnaissance and control facilities, communications equipment and the latest Verba portable air defense systems.

The most important role in the current re-equipment is the modernization of existing combat vehicles and weapons. Over the 2017 year, the industry has repaired and updated over a hundred armored combat vehicles. The self-propelled artillery installations 2C9-1М, the Strela-10MN anti-aircraft missile systems and other military equipment for various purposes were upgraded.

In accordance with existing contracts, the defense industry will continue to build weapons and equipment for the airborne troops. A part of the new cars being built at the moment will go to the troops already in the next 2018 year. Other products will be delivered by the end of the decade. Thus, the total number of airborne assault vehicles and armored personnel carriers of the new models is planned to be increased to three hundred by the 2020. At the same time the next year the delivery of several dozen of similar machines is planned.

In 2018, the artillery units of the Airborne Forces will have to receive about three dozen Sprut-SD self-propelled guns. The supply of some new self-propelled anti-aircraft systems should also begin. The industry will continue to upgrade the already built machines. In particular, the next year it is planned to update three dozens of repair and recovery vehicles BREM-D.

Reportedly, the delivery of the latest technology will allow the process to continue with the rejection of outdated samples. The BMD-1 airborne combat vehicles, the BTR-D armored personnel carriers and the Nona self-propelled guns have already become morally and physically obsolete, but now - if there is a replacement - their cancellation will not have negative consequences in the context of the troops' combat capability.

A characteristic feature of the Airborne Forces is the possibility of parachute landing from military transport aircraft. The next 2018 year is scheduled to start supplying the latest multi-domed parachute systems “Bakhcha-UDS”. According to known data, such systems are fully compatible with all models of equipment that have the ability to parachute landing. With their help, it will be possible to lower combat vehicles BTR-MDM and BMD-4М, armored vehicles of the Typhoon and Tiger families, etc., to the ground.

The development program of the airborne troops takes into account the latest domestic achievements in the field of radio-electronic technologies. Next year, as part of all amphibious units, separate groups will appear, which will have to exploit the “fruits of progress”. These units will be armed with unmanned aerial vehicles of various types, with which they will be able to carry out reconnaissance and solve various other tasks.

In early November, the press service of the military department revealed some details of the procurement of UAVs for the airborne troops. By the end of this year they planned to transfer about two dozen complexes of several models. Multi-functional devices of the Orlan, Tachyon and Eleron types, purchased for the Airborne Forces, carry optical-electronic equipment and are intended for reconnaissance. The data collected with the help of such equipment can be used by different units, both arrows and gunners.

Also, new groups will receive modern electronic warfare equipment. As the commander-in-chief of the Airborne Forces told, the first EW complexes have already been handed over to the troops and are now in trial operation. According to known data, paratroopers will have to operate electronic warfare systems of various types and for various purposes. With their help, they will be able to identify the location of various objects of the enemy, and such information should increase the situational awareness of the units.

According to RIA "News“, One of the EW complexes of the new type will be built according to a modular principle and should include means of direction finding of radio signal sources. In addition, this system may be able to suppress the communication channels of the enemy. The basis of its task in this case will be the issuance of data on the location of enemy objects. In the 2021 year, according to the commander of the troops, deliveries of the new Lorendit-AD electronic warfare complex will begin. This system will be assembled on the basis of a serial armored car with high levels of terrain. Its main task will be to identify and suppress radio channels.

On 2018, the delivery of the first production machine of a different type, also carrying special radio-electronic equipment, is scheduled. We are talking about the command and staff car with the equipment of the automated control system for the troops "Cassiopeia-D". This model is built on the basis of the BTR-MDM serial armored personnel carrier and is equipped with a large number of new equipment. Crews of such machines will be able to coordinate the actions of the troops in large areas, ensuring the timely transmission of information through all available channels.

In addition to adopting new weapons and equipment, the command of the airborne troops implements the renewal of combat equipment of personnel. To date, a significant part of the Airborne Troops have managed to get complete sets of combat equipment "Warrior", adapted to the needs of this kind of troops. Next year 2018 is supposed to complete the transition to such equipment and completely abandon the outdated systems of similar purpose. The development of a specialized version of the "Warrior" significantly increases the combat capability of both individual soldiers and units as a whole.

In the recent past, the formation of new compounds. Similar processes will take place in the future. The latest at the moment the result of such work is the formation of a new separate airborne assault battalion of the Novorossiysk airborne assault division stationed in Feodosia. In addition, a separate repair and restoration battalion began service in the Moscow region. The organizational arrangements for the creation of the two parts ended on December 1.

Along with the creation of new compounds, it is planned to reform existing ones. So, at present in several formations of the airborne troops there are tank companies equipped with T-72B3 combat vehicles. Earlier this month, Colonel General A. Serdyukov announced that next year six existing companies will be reorganized. These units will be strengthened and turned into battalions. After such a change in structure, the former tank companies will be part of the 2018th and 7th air assault divisions, as well as one of the air assault brigades.

Plans have already been drawn up affecting the processes of combat training of personnel. The main objective of the Airborne Forces in this context is to improve the quality of military training at various levels. Different battalions, regiments, brigades and divisions will be involved in the exercises.

Next year it is planned to hold six command and staff exercises, including under the leadership of the Commander of the Airborne Forces. There will also be 40 training activities at the tactical level, during which the soldiers will parachute on the ground. The units of the airborne troops will take part in seven international exercises, some of which will be held abroad.

According to the command of the airborne troops, to date, the process of their modernization has already led to the most noticeable consequences. To date, troops on 70% are staffed by contract servicemen. Military and special equipment of the Airborne Forces are provided on 100%. At the same time, the share of new types of weapons, combat and special vehicles has already exceeded 60%. Thus, the 2017 year airborne troops complete with a number of positive results.

Next year, the “winged infantry” will continue to master the new materiel and develop the existing structure. This will again have to lead to a certain increase in the basic indicators and an increase in the combat effectiveness of the troops as a whole. The second way to improve combat capability is to properly conduct a variety of training activities. Such activities are carried out in accordance with the plan of activity of the troops for 2018-2016 years. As the commander in chief of the Airborne Forces notes, the intensity of training troops is constantly growing.

As one of the key elements of the Russian armed forces, the airborne troops continue their development. Parts receive new weapons and equipment of the latest models, as well as send existing samples for modernization. At the same time, combat training plans are being implemented, which makes it possible to fully utilize all the capabilities of the new material part. The current year of the Airborne Forces is being completed with good results, and next year the main work will be continued. There is reason to look into the future with cautious optimism and believe that the troops will meet expectations and cope with the implementation of existing plans.

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  1. ImPerts
    ImPerts 6 December 2017 07: 49
    As I understand it, with the advent and subsequent increase of tank companies to battalions, “Ruslans” will be introduced into the TA states?
    1. AlexKP
      AlexKP 6 December 2017 09: 05
      This is doubtful. Yes, and why? To carry tanks, so tanks in the airborne assault divisions, and they have a slightly different specificity, for good in helicopter gunships we need helicopters. That's when there will be helicopters, tanks can be used with maximum effect.
      1. ImPerts
        ImPerts 6 December 2017 12: 42
        Quote: AlexKP
        for good in JD need helicopters

        What kind of helicopters should tanks move ?! )))
        1. AlexKP
          AlexKP 6 December 2017 13: 20
          Why move tanks with helicopters? Helicopters need to be moved by paratroopers. The specifics of the airborne assault divisions are slightly different from the use of the airborne divisions. Firstly, by subordination, in which case the airborne division should act in the interests of the armies, i.e. their area of ​​responsibility is 1,2 line of defense front-line airfields, warehouses, rockades. But the SDA should act in the interests of the fronts and the General Staff, i.e. deep landing operations are carried out by the RPA, and there are no tanks in them. And it turns out that when using helicopters, the air assault units can be quickly moved both to counter threats to their positions, and quickly to land them in the near rear or on the enemy’s withdrawal paths and here the tanks, and your tanks with which you worked out your actions can play a decisive a role, for example, a landing strike in the rear or in a vlang and a frontal tank attack, and in the defense tanks for the railroad will become the basis of this defense, because BMD is still more of a means of transportation and the ability to support the landing off wheels, not a car for long-term battles. Parachute landing units, of course, would like to get hold of tanks and myself, but the capabilities of the BTA do not yet allow this.
    2. FID
      FID 6 December 2017 11: 42
      Quote: ImPerts
      will introduce the Ruslans?

      Question: where to get them ???
  2. alex56
    alex56 6 December 2017 08: 29
    Re-equipment and development of the Airborne Forces is definitely a big plus))
    But somehow I do not see a clear concept of development ((
    All mixed up in a bunch ((
    You must either adhere to the "landing" paradigm and stop increasing the weight of technology. Or abandon completely the "landing" component, retaining it for only special units and switch to combined arms technology.
    1. AlexKP
      AlexKP 6 December 2017 09: 08
      In traffic rules do not increase the weight of equipment, the landing paradigm has not gone away.
      And nothing got mixed up in a bunch, they are trying to make the airborne forces the way Margelov saw them.
      1. FID
        FID 6 December 2017 11: 43
        Quote: AlexKP
        they are trying to make the airborne forces what Margelov saw them.

        Margelov lived and served in the USSR .....
        1. AlexKP
          AlexKP 6 December 2017 13: 26
          And Suvorov lived and served in the Russian Empire. What changes the fact that Margelov lived and served in the USSR? He wanted to make the airborne forces self-sufficient and having the strength and means to fight independently and not depend on the SV, Air Force, Navy, he fulfilled some of his plans and some are trying to promote now.
          1. FID
            FID 6 December 2017 13: 30
            But no one is trying to make the Airborne Forces or the Air Force the way Suvorov saw them, or Alexander the Great, or ... who else would you like to attract?
            1. AlexKP
              AlexKP 6 December 2017 13: 41
              But none of those named by you stood at the origins of the Airborne Forces or the Air Force, unlike Margelov.
              1. FID
                FID 6 December 2017 14: 41
                Then I did not understand your post with Suvorov .... What happened in the USSR will NEVER be repeated in the Russian Federation ... Remember the Constitution of the USSR - to serve in the armed forces - ... an honorable duty ... And now? Do the children of these "miserable" officials and oligarchs fulfill their RESPONSIBILITY? Trying to restore patriotism is not idiocy (sorry for the tautology)?
                1. AlexKP
                  AlexKP 6 December 2017 15: 59
                  This is because I did not understand your post with Margelov. And where does patriotism come if the conversation is about tactics and strategies for using troops. And regarding the post with the mention of Margelov, I’ll repeat once again “He wanted to make the Airborne Forces self-sufficient and having the strength and means to fight independently and not depend on the SV, Air Force, Navy, he fulfilled some of his plans and some are trying to promote now” that’s exactly what I mentioned Margelova. And I didn’t say anything about patriotism, I’m talking about your words "Trying to restore patriotism is not idiocy (sorry for the tautology)?"
                2. Serhiodjan
                  Serhiodjan 18 December 2017 19: 46
                  Oh, these Old Believers, everything was good for them in the USSR, but now it’s not so and not so. Yes, Russia will make everything better, more beautiful, more efficient and effective than the USSR with its non-viable concept. Young people are no worse than old people, you’ll see.
          2. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 6 December 2017 17: 12
            Quote: AlexKP
            What changes the fact that Margelov lived and served in the USSR? He wanted to make the airborne forces self-sufficient and having the strength and means to fight independently and not depend on the SV, Air Force, Navy, he fulfilled part of his plans and are trying to promote some now.

            In this case, the Airborne Forces (and LH connections) are now sitting on two chairs.
            On the one hand, they are equipped with equipment whose performance characteristics were sacrificed for the possibility of parachute landing.
            On the other hand, they receive heavy battalions on the T-72B3, which can only be transported by the Ruslans.
            If you look at the situation with an armed eye, you can see ... no, not five stars, but the fact that the parachute drop-off technique is important only for the parachute regiments and only in the offensive. Which they will lead without tanks, because the T-72B3 not only does not land with a parachute (except in World in Conflict smile )? it also only gets into Ruslan (unless, of course, the T-72 is loaded into the Il-76 as Indians - with the dismantling of everything that is possible, the installation of a protective wooden crate and the subsequent installation of everything removed after unloading in place ... PMSM does not need to explain how much time it takes).
            As soon as the pdp (and dshp) begin to work together with tanks, the need for parachute landing of equipment disappears: where you can unload the T-72B3, you can unload any army equipment. Moreover, for dshp, the need for parachute landing of equipment is doubtful even in the offensive: from the point of view of the Mi-26, there is no difference between the BMD-4M and the BMP-3 - it will not raise more than one thing anyway.
            And why then equip dshbr and dshd equipment with obviously weakened TTX?
            1. CTABEP
              CTABEP 11 December 2017 21: 05
              Absolutely agree with you.
              In general, IMHO, the current number of airborne forces is not justified. Our entire BTA, barely in ideal conditions, will be enough for a landing operation of a divisional level. At the same time, I think that everyone presents risks with the current Air Force and Air Defense.
              That is, in fact, the maximum in modern warfare is parachute assault battalion level. But the air assault units, used both in the form of helicopter assault forces and in the form of troops of high combat readiness quickly flown through the air, may well fully fight.
              And we arm the most combat-ready and prepared units with expensive and cardboard equipment, the capabilities of which have never been used in local conflicts. Kmk, this is not quite right.
  3. First iron-faced
    First iron-faced 6 December 2017 08: 41
    BMD-1 airborne combat vehicles, BTR-D armored personnel carriers and Nona self-propelled guns have already become obsolete morally and physically, but now - if there is a replacement - their cancellation will not have negative consequences in the context of the combat readiness of the troops.

    BMD-1 - is clear; BTR-D - in my opinion, it’s too early to write off this lightly armored transport system of the Airborne Forces, not to mention the cancellation of the 120-mm universal NAO-S SAO in the absence of a really ready replacement.
  4. First iron-faced
    First iron-faced 8 December 2017 08: 44
    ... tank companies will be part of the 7th and 76th airborne assault divisions ...

    IMHO: Understandably, if we talk about the strategic, operational and operational-tactical mobility of the VDD and the DSS, the difference is, respectively, in the parachute and landing methods of landing these types of formations. Tactical mobility after landing and gathering in airborne infantry regiment (VDD) should rely on amphibious armored vehicles (based on BMD), in airborne infantry regiment (ДДД) - it seems, on comprehensive helicopter support, in the latter case it turns out that MBTs are forced to operate without direct support VDD motorized riflemen (dshb - all the same rifle formations). It turns out that MBTs are preferable as a part of the VDD (with the landing method of landing MBTs in the second tier).