The venue for the first show of the rifle was the exhibition “Zbroya that security 2017”, held in mid-October in Kiev. As part of this event, Ukrainian defense enterprises showed both already well-known samples and completely new developments. So, the Kharkov company XADO at its booth demonstrated several sniper rifles of the Snipex family. At the same time, along with the already known rifles, a mockup of a completely new weapon was delivered to the exhibition.
Private company XADO was founded in the early nineties and for many years engaged in the production of motor oils and other products for cars. She later mastered the production of lubricants for small arms. Only a few years ago, the company engaged in the development and production of small arms. At the same time, it immediately decided to develop a niche that was not yet occupied by Ukrainian enterprises. Under the Snipex brand, large-caliber sniper rifles were launched on the market. In the recent past, two systems of the 12,7 caliber were presented for patrons of the Soviet and American designs. The next project provides for an increase in caliber and a corresponding increase in firing characteristics.
According to known data, the new project Snipex 14.5 is being developed by order of the armed forces of Ukraine. Armed with the Ukrainian army now there are no rifles of a caliber larger than 12,7, and the troops want to receive such weapons. It can be assumed that such interest is directly related to the current situation in the Donbas. T.N. antimatter rifles have sufficient firepower, but they are not subject to existing agreements. As a result, they prove to be a very convenient means for attacks and organizing provocations.
In addition, a rifle caliber 14,5 mm may be of particular interest to foreign customers. Some armies also show interest in small arms with the highest possible characteristics, which leads to the emergence of new and new designs. The product Snipex 14.5 - with the successful completion of ongoing work - is quite capable of interest of the foreign buyer and will soon become the subject of a contract.
As follows from the available information, the Snipex 14.5 project is still in its early stages. A part of the design work has already been completed, and some tests have been carried out. A representative of the company XADO during a recent exhibition said that experts have already checked the trunnion group in their work. Full tests of the entire rifle assembly, however, until delayed. To carry them out, you must obtain permission from the military department and access to one of the landfills. When this happens - not specified.
The main goal of the Snipex 14.5 project was to maximize the firepower of the weapon without unacceptable production complexity. For this reason, it was decided to use the Soviet large-caliber cartridge 14,5x114 mm. This ammunition surpasses all existing products of caliber 12,7 mm in its characteristics. In addition, there is a fairly wide range of cartridges with bullets of different types, providing solutions to various combat missions. It should be noted that there are already several sniper rifles for such a cartridge and they, in general, show the required characteristics.
According to the developer, the Snipex 14.5 rifle is a self-loading large-caliber system designed for high-precision long-range shooting. In connection with the use of a powerful cartridge and a long barrel, several specific ideas were used to reduce the size of the weapon and reduce the negative impact on the shooter. Thus, the rifle is built according to the “bullpup” scheme with the forward control of the fire control, and part of the recoil is compensated by the so-called. carriage layout.
Externally, the new Ukrainian rifle resembles some other samples of its class, but it has characteristic features. About half the length of the product takes a large trunk. It is movably fixed in the receiver and on the front holding device of the extended box. The back of the receiver is designed to accommodate the bolt group and the trigger mechanism. Applied layout led to the fact that the trigger was noticeably pronounced in front of the main details of trigger.
According to official data, the Snipex 14.5 rifle is equipped with an 14,5-mm rifled barrel with a length of 1320 mm (91 caliber). There is reason to believe that, in order to simplify production, they decided to equip the rifle with a finished barrel from a CPV machine gun, created in the middle of the last century. This assumption is also favored by a characteristic conical shaped barrel-mounted device resembling a flame arrester of a serial machine gun. Ukraine probably does not have the technology to produce such barrels, and for this reason the new rifle received a borrowed part.
The receiver and the box are made in the form of a single unit assembled from several large metal parts. The lower part of this unit is a long device with a polygonal cross-section, gradually increasing in the direction of the butt pad. The top cover of the receiver covers only the back of the lower unit and has a large window for ammunition. In front of the lid there is a large trunk mounting block. An interesting feature of the Snipex 14.5 rifle was a separate platform for mounting the sight. It has its own support and is located above the breech breech.
In order to reduce the recoil momentum acting on the shooter, the authors of the project proposed using a slipway with “recoil devices”. Apparently, inside the box or receiver are return springs, mechanically connected with the barrel group. When fired, a barrel that does not have a rigid attachment should retreat, compressing the return springs. Next, the barrel returns to its original position.
The rifle uses a butterfly valve with five pairs of lugs. Inside the gate are placed a movable drummer and a liner extractor. As follows from the available materials, the bolt group can move along its own guides of the receiver. Managing its movement is carried out manually.
Trigger mechanism provides ignition primer in the production of the shot. The main details of this device are located in the rear of the receiver, at the level of the gate. In the same place - on the right wall of a box - the movable lever of a safety lock, differing in the big sizes is mounted. Fire control is carried out using the trigger of a traditional design. Pistol grip, trigger and safety guard are brought forward and are located at the level of the chamber. The hook and trigger are probably connected by a longitudinal rod.
There are some questions about the means of ammunition. According to XADO, the Snipex 14.5 rifle has a built-in magazine fitted through a window to eject sleeves when the shutter is open. At the same time the capacity of the store is not specified. It can be assumed that the available volumes do not allow large ammunition to be placed inside the rifle. However, the available photos do not allow us to unequivocally talk about the presence of the store. It is possible that the shooter will have to feed the cartridges manually before each shot.
Before each shot, the cartridge is fed from the magazine or manually onto the discharging line. Extraction should be carried out with the decoupling of the barrel and bolt. The use of a detachable magazine is not provided for and, apparently, is excluded by certain design features of the rifle.
Large and heavy rifle comes with a set of supports. On the front section of the box-box, a folding bipod is fixed, which takes over the weight of the trunk. Also, for more convenience, the arrow under the receiver, performing the functions of the butt, an additional support is installed.
Part of the recoil pulse remaining after the action of the monitor system, should be absorbed by a soft polymer backplate. This part has a movable base that allows the shooter to adjust the weapon for themselves.
With rifle can be used sights of different models. To install such equipment, it is proposed to use the standard Picatinny rail located above the breech. The bar is raised to a certain height using a platform with four supports fixed to the bed.
Probably, the presence of a rolling barrel provides the possibility of self-reloading weapons. Rolling back, the receiver group should cock the trigger. At the rearmost position, the valve is locked, after which the barrel goes forward and releases the empty cartridge case. After that, the bolt also begins to move forward, captures and sends the cartridge, and also locks the barrel.
According to the developer, the Snipex 14.5 rifle with the mounted muzzle device has a total length of 1870 mm. The weight of the product with a bipod but without sight reaches 30 kg. The long barrel accelerates the bullet to speeds of the order of 1000 m / s. The effective range of fire, according to the calculations of designers, should reach 5 km. Maximum firing range - up to 7 km. Accuracy and accuracy of fire, however, are not specified. Given the specific "origin" of the trunk, as well as the absence of rigid fixings for it, it can be assumed that these parameters are far from ideal.
It is argued that the used recoil damping systems led to the desired results. Despite the high initial speed of a heavy bullet and the muzzle energy of more than 30 kJ, a new rifle, as the representatives of the developer company say, beats an arrow no stronger than an 12 rifle caliber.
At the time of the first show of a promising large-caliber rifle, which took place in mid-October, the project was at the stage of preliminary testing. It was alleged that by this time some checks had passed the barrel group. The rifle assembly, as follows from the words of representatives of the company-developer, has not yet been tested. Inspections of these weapons were to begin in the foreseeable future - after gaining access to a suitable landfill. Only after conducting full-fledged tests will it be possible to talk about the real characteristics of the sample presented.
At the moment, only the estimated and estimated characteristics of the new Ukrainian rifle are known. This information already allows us to estimate the prospects of the Snipex 14.5 product in the domestic and international market. Obviously, such a weapon is quite capable of interest to potential customers, but one should not expect much commercial success from it.
View of the open shutter. Photo En.ukrmilitary.com
According to reports, the company XADO began developing a new anti-material rifle, based on the wishes of the Ukrainian army. At the disposal of the armed forces of Ukraine at the moment there is no modern weapons of this class. In the recent past, a number of anti-tank rifles from the times of the Great Patriotic War were removed from storage, but they were far from fully satisfied with the operators.
Wanting to get large-caliber rifles of increased power, the official Kiev can organize the purchase of new Snipex 14.5. The volume of such an order, however, is difficult to predict. At the same time, it is clear where and for what purpose serial weapons will be used. Most likely, the new rifles shortly after the transfer to the customer will go to the Donbass, for use in the "anti-terrorist operation." It is hardly worth reminding once again which tasks will be solved with the help of new rifles.
Prospects for Snipex 14.5 in the international market look ambiguous. Indeed, a mass of armies shows interest in such weapons and even orders already existing models. However, the market for rifles chambered for 14,5х114 mm is not too large, and besides, it is already divided among foreign manufacturers. An attempt by Ukrainian gunsmiths to win their share in an interesting sector can fail.
However, it is too early to talk about the commercial prospects of the new weapon. In order to fully enter the market, the new rifle must cope with the tests, undergo, if necessary, the process of refining, and then confirm all the main characteristics. The grounding tests of the XADO Snipex 14.5 rifle were to take place shortly, but information about their conduct has not yet been received. This suggests that the rifle has not yet passed all the necessary checks and is not yet ready for sales.
The new Ukrainian project of a large-caliber sniper rifle is of particular interest in terms of technology. The Snipex 14.5 product combines a number of interesting solutions, and the result of this design approach attracts attention. Nevertheless, the project has not advanced further than preliminary tests of the main weapons assemblies, and therefore cannot fully justify such an interest. In addition, now there is reason to doubt the commercial prospects of weapons. Obviously, the real results of the new project will become known only in the future, but already now there are grounds for refusing optimistic assessments.
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