The noise in the world press and in the environment of legal and environmental advocates began with a statement by the German Department of Radiation Protection (Federal Center for Radiation Protection of Germany, BfS). This institution informed Europe of the elevated levels of ruthenium-106 in the air. The period of estimated emissions was also announced: September 29 - October 3. However, the concentration of the substance, noted in BfS, was “extremely low”, and therefore did not pose a threat to health. In addition, German experts believe that the cause of the increased content in the air "one hundred and sixth" is not a nuclear accident.
Specialized site "Geoenergy" quoted a paragraph from the report of the German Federal Radiation Protection Center:
“Observation stations across the continent recorded an increase in the content of 106Ru, an analysis to identify its source is presumably located in 1000 km from Germany, in Eastern Europe. Since only the content of this radioactive isotope is recorded, an accident at a nuclear power plant as a reason for its appearance is excluded. With a fixed concentration of Ru106 in the air, the danger to human health is excluded. "
The sensational version was born at the French Institute for Radiation Protection (IRSN):
“The IRSN calculations based on concentration levels measured in several European countries and on the meteorological conditions of the last few days seem to indicate that air could be formed from the southern regions of the Urals or close to them. IRSN is continuing its research to try to confirm the origin of this air pollution. ”
And then the ruthenium scandal stepped into the press and acquired the look of a typically “Russian” phenomenon in Europe!
It probably happened because in the West they also know that in 1986, General Secretary Gorbachev at first preferred to hide the Chernobyl disaster, and about the Mayak enterprise. Out of habit in the West, Russia is blamed for all sins: they say, the ruthenium-106 trace stretches to the clean European Union right from the dirty Chelyabinsk region. Ruthenia and Russia are one and the same, and therefore everything is clear: the Russians are to blame!
The thing is that a specific source of pollution has not yet been identified. And the Chelyabinsk grain, which will not be exported because all of it is supposedly contaminated with the radioactive isotope of ruthenium, turned out to be in fact clean and safe. It will not go to the expert simply because the transportation will be very expensive. Corn checked: it is safe.
But let's take a look at the Russian site of the famous Greenpeace and look at the arguments of the philanthropists and environmentalists.
Site Greenpeace informs: the largest concentrations of ruthenium-106 "were detected by Roshydromet in the southern Urals near the Mayak plant owned by Rosatom.
The alarm was sounded by the IAEA: according to the organization, at the end of September and the beginning of October 2017, ruthenium-106 was detected in the atmosphere of several European countries. The German Radiation Protection Authority concluded: “with a high probability”, the source of the emission is located in the Southern Urals. However, Rosatom called such claims untenable. The state corporation said that, according to Rosgidromet, in aerosols samples from September 25 to October October XNUM, ruthenium-7 was not found anywhere in Russia except at the measurement point in St. Petersburg. Meanwhile, Greenpeace continues, the report of Rosgidromet for September states that the most significant concentrations of ruthenium-106 were found in settlements near the Mayak plant. Roshydromet also acknowledged, Greenpeace adds, that in late September and early October conditions arose for the active transfer of pollutants from the territory of the Southern Urals to the Mediterranean region and to northern Europe. "Roshydromet" described the "Ru-106 content in aerosol and precipitation samples in September-October 106 of the year" as "extremely high pollution" and "high pollution", emphasize the Greenpeace. And comment:
"Even given that the observed concentration over Europe is low, tens of millions of people were affected, and some of them would have health problems."
Without further ado, Greenpeace directly indicates the source of infection. “The emergency release of ruthenium-106 at the Mayak plant,” the site says, “may be related to the vitrification of spent nuclear fuel. It is also possible for material containing ruthenium-106 to enter the furnace for the smelting of metals. ”
It is also indicated that Greenpeace will undertake this issue. Quote:
"Greenpeace Russia will send a letter to the prosecutor's office with a request to check the possible concealment of a radiation accident and information about the state of the environment, as well as the readiness of the monitoring system of radionuclides in the atmosphere for new accidents."
So, hurried Greenpeace knows everything. However, other specialists will not agree with this environmental organization. We give the word to them.
First, scientists believe that the results of the estimation of emissions can be obtained no earlier than six months.
The first results of the work of the Atomic Scientists Commission, which establishes the source of ruthenium-106, will appear no sooner than six months later. Attention, this is not a yellow press and not speculation of leisure bloggers! Told about it TASS Ilya Yarmoshenko, Deputy Director for Science, Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Created by the commission, according to the scientist, "you need to analyze the full set of data." And this is “a lot of work.” The expert stressed that such a long work will take “at best half a year”. (Note: at best.) “The conclusions made by the commission will make it possible to exclude the possibility that similar emissions of ruthenium-106 will occur regularly,” commented the situation to Yarmoshenko.
And most importantly: according to the scientist, the commission will firstly determine the sources of ruthenium-106 production in Russia and Europe and analyze logistic schemes. Then the group members will check how exactly this ruthenium is used. It is necessary and once again to study the pollution of industrial facilities, the environment and compare the data with meteorological reports at the time of release, the direction and strength of the wind.
Secondly, the deputy governor of the Chelyabinsk region, Oleg Klimov, refuted the statements of European experts that the region's enterprises could have become the source of ruthenium-106 in Europe.
Thirdly, the press service of the Mayak Production Association, which is among the Rosatom sites, reported that the company did not produce ruthenium-2017 sources in the 106 year, and the local radiation background was normal. To this, it was added that work on the isolation of ruthenium-106 from spent nuclear fuel and the manufacture on its basis of ionizing radiation sources has not been carried out at the plant for many years.
As for the Rosgidromet report mentioned above, it reports, according to TASS, that the decay products of ruthenium-106 were recorded not only in the Chelyabinsk region. 26 and 27 of September, they were recorded in Tatarstan, 27 and 28 of September - in Rostov-on-Don and in Volgograd. And the IAEA notes that ruthenium-106 was discovered in Romania, Italy, Slovenia, and Ukraine.
Fourthly, there are also accurate data on the level of substance content. Rosgidromet analyzed samples from the Argayash and Novogorny observation points in the Chelyabinsk region from 25 in September through 1 in October. According to the ministry, the content of ruthenium was thousands of 76,1 and thousands of 52,3 microblockers. E.Savchenko, the Minister of Public Safety, stated that this level of pollution is not dangerous: “The concentrations of ruthenium-106 recorded in the Chelyabinsk Region were at the level of the registered indicators in other regions of Russia and Europe. They with a large margin did not exceed the established standard, do not pose a danger to the environment, life and health of the population. " Safety for human concentrations of ruthenium-106 was also announced by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Rospotrebnadzor.
Fifth, the situation with the export of “contaminated” grain, about which the yellow press composed stories, was clarified. Like, Chelyabinsk region due to emissions of ruthenium-106 refused to export!
Here is a statement about this from the spokesperson of the Ministry of Agriculture of the region Natalia Tverdokhlebova. She explained the situation to the publication "Ura.ru".
According to her, the Chelyabinsk region will not export the grown grain due to the unprofitability of its transportation. With the release of ruthenium-106, the decision to refuse to supply abroad is not connected. All grain was harvested before the time of the expected release.
“Chelyabinsk manufacturers could export for export surplus to 150-200 thousands of tons of food grade 3 wheat,” she said. - But minus all transportation costs, they will have approximately from 4 thousand to 5 thousand rubles per ton. This is below cost. And we ourselves consume almost all of the feed grain: it goes to the poultry farms and pig farms. If there was any release, it had no effect on the grain, because it had already been removed. In addition, the bulk of the grain is grown in hundreds of kilometers in the south of the region. ”
The regional administration of the Rosselkhoznadzor reported that "grain is under state control." A spokeswoman for the South Ural Directorate of the Rosselkhoznadzor, Tatiana Nachtigal, reported to the publication: The Center for Safety and Quality Assessment of Grain and its Processing Products is constantly conducting laboratory studies of grain for safety and quality indicators and can confirm that the Russian grain is in full compliance with the most stringent the requirements of both Russian legislation and the legislation of importing countries in all quality and safety indicators ”. Finally, the vice-governor Sergey Sushkov said that there are no problems with the export of grain, meat and other products of South Ural producers: "All products are checked and fully comply with safety requirements."
By the way, earlier сообщалосьthat the grain harvest in the Chelyabinsk region amounted to 2,4 mln. tons and by 24% more than last year. And after reports of ruthenium-106 emissions in the southern Urals, wheat prices on the American Commodity Exchange rose!
Sixth, representatives of Rosatom spoke with the press. They stated that there were no accidents at the enterprises of the state corporation, which could lead to an increase in the level of ruthenium-106 in the air.
"The data on ruthenium-106 isotope pollution published by Roshydromet allow us to conclude that the dose that a person could receive was 20 thousand times less than the permissible annual dose and does not represent any danger to the health and life of people," "Rosatom" correspondent Gazety.ru. - Atmospheric pollution by the ruthenium-106 isotope, indicated in the Roshydromet report, is not related to the activities of FSUE Mayak PA.
Seventh, the international level. Site "Geoenergy" quotes the IAEA document received from the source: “Based on the monitoring data and information provided by the IAEA member states, no specific event or specific location of 106Ru was released into the atmosphere. At present, the IAEA cannot draw conclusions with respect to determining the location of a leak without actual reporting from the state in which the leak occurred. ”
The circle is closed. Now we should wait for a response from the Russian scientists, and they ask for it for at least six months. Until then, do not draw any conclusions.
As for the release source version, here are the most popular ones.
Since ruthenium-106 is used to treat cancer diseases, it is likely that we should be talking about the incident in the medical industry. "Ruthenium is used in medicine for the treatment of eye cancer," said "Spark" Alexander Uvarov, chief editor of the portal Atominfo.ru. - The version about the satellite also appeared. And it can be believable. Of course, the half-life of ruthenium-106 is about a year, which means that the device will work only during this period, and it is unprofitable to launch it ... But perhaps it’s about the fall of the reconnaissance satellite - no one will admit it. ”
As a result, we will note that the IAEA's assessment, and the comments of Russian scientists and specialists in the field, and the initial, cautious report of the German department prove: those who want to inflate the scandal from scratch and blacken Russia in every way, attributing to it almost the new Chernobyl cause will certainly find. And in this "occasion" any truth can drown.
It’s ridiculous, of course, but Rosatom actually has to justify itself to the yellow press! And at the same time, and before Greenpeace, which is ready to scribble letters to the prosecutor's office. But what about: “tens of millions of people were affected”! Not otherwise, the Russians staged a radiation attack on Europe.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
- especially for topwar.ru