Military Review

"Projector" Miklouho-Maclay: World War for the Papuans

55
In the view of contemporaries, Nikolai Nikolayevich Miklukho-Maklai was a whimsical rebel and a dreamer, who, in fact, did not leave behind any fundamental works. Scientists have recognized his proof of the species unity of mankind - and nothing more. However, Nikolai Nikolayevich devoted his short life to science and the achievement of his main dream: to create a free state of Papuans on islands in the Pacific. And for the sake of turning ideas into life, he tried to push together three powerful powers - Britain, Germany and Russia.




Conflicting personality

Nikolai Nikolayevich stayed in stories controversial figure. He was born in the village of Yazykovo-Rozhdestvenskoe, Borovichsky district, Novgorod province, he was educated in Germany, and he spent most of his life on expeditions. Nikolai Nikolayevich wrote more than 150 scientific works. He denied that the black race is a transitional biological species from a monkey to homo sapiens. At the same time, the northeast coast of New Guinea, in his view, was the ideal “ethnographic reserve”, at the head of which he dreamed of standing up.

As for nationality, the question still remains open. Scottish roots of the scientist are not confirmed. And brother Michael said: “there was no leavened patriotism in our family, we were brought up in respect of all nationalities”. Nikolai Nikolayevich himself in an autobiography wrote about himself in the third person: “Nik. Nick. is a mixture of elements: Russian, German and Polish. "

Nikolai Nikolayevich caused quite ambiguous feelings in his contemporaries. Admiral Ivan Alekseevich Shestakov, manager of the Marine Ministry, dismissively called him a “projector” and wrote: “He wants to become a“ king ”in New Guinea”.
Here are the words of Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev: "The devil knows why it seems to me that all this gentleman is a poof and will not leave any such work after himself."

And this is the recognition of Leo Tolstoy: "You are the first to undoubtedly prove that a person is a person everywhere, that is, a good sociable being, in communication with which one can and should enter only good and truth, and not guns and vodka."

The researcher suffered from bouts of malaria, undertreated dengue fever, muscular rheumatism, and pain in the jaw. Due to the constant struggle with chronic diseases and the realization of imminent imminent death, cynical and cold-blooded Nicholas was quite sentimental in some moments. Moreover, this sentimentality, like the scientist himself, was distinguished, to put it mildly, by originality. A striking example is the lamp that Nikolai always took with him on trips. He made it from the skull and elbow bones of his beloved, who, before her death, bequeathed him a part of herself. Nikolai put the skull on the bones, put a wick on the vault, and built a lampshade of green color over it. Thus, he honored her memory and did not forget about the transience of human life.

Whether Rotey, or Buka

In mid-October, 1870, at a meeting of the Russian Geographical Society, Nikolai Nikolayevich presented a project of an expedition to the Pacific Islands. The idea was ambitious and large, but was very vague. Many scientists had a quite logical question: why does Russia need remote tropical pieces of sushi? But Miklouho-Maclay did not need the approval of scientists.

Soon he received the passport of a “nobleman Miklukho-Maclay, sent for a scholarly purpose”. From that moment on, the double surname of the researcher became official. Before that, it was not fixed in the documents. The scientist called himself Miklouho-Maclay to add weight. Indeed, in those days, the origin of man played a very large role and Nicholas's mother (she was half Polish with a dash of blue blood) with great difficulty managed to ensure that he was still ranked among the hereditary nobility.

The Council of the Society appointed Nikolai Nikolayevich 1200 rubles as a benefit. And soon the naval minister, Admiral Nikolai Karlovich Krabbe, informed the scientist that he would be taken on board by the corvette Vityaz, the truth “without production of allowances from the maritime department.”
"Projector" Miklouho-Maclay: World War for the Papuans

And 8 November 1870, the “Vityaz” from Kronstadt set sail. The journey to the cherished goal - New Guinea - lasted almost a year. 19 September 1871, the corvette entered the Gulf of Astrolabe in the northeastern part of the island.

The Papuans sailed to the ship, taking gifts with them. The team took them well, but then a misunderstanding occurred. When the islanders headed back, the team decided to salute in honor of their arrival and banged the cannon. Frightened aborigines hurried to hide in the jungle. Miklouho-Maclay, together with the Swedish sailor Ulson and a black teenage servant, whose name was simply Boy, went ashore. The captain of the "Vityaz" suggested that the scientist take with him sailors as guards, but he refused. He decided on his own, demonstrating kindness, to establish contact with the inhabitants of the islands.

The researcher and his companions were lucky. Among the Papuans there was one daredevil - Tui. He coped with fear, approached Nikolai Nikolayevich. Since the scientist had a little knowledge of the local language, he managed to learn a curious thing. It turns out that the local perceived the appearance of the white man as an approaching apocalypse. But nothing terrible happened. Therefore, they decided that Nikolai was their great ancestor Rotey, who "left, but promised to return." But after the roar of the cannons, the Papuans' opinion, of course, changed: Nikolay Nikolayevich from the revived ancestor Rotei turned into an evil spirit named Buka.

"Vityaz" left the Gulf of Astrolabe a week later. During this time, at Cape Garagasi Miklouho-Maclay with assistants built a hut. And according to the captain of the ship, a small platform near the dwelling was mined in case of an attack by the aborigines. It is not known for certain whether this “shield” was useful to the researcher or not.

At first, relations with local residents did not develop. For any of his attempts to make contact, the Papuans simply ran away from their village called Bongu and hid in the jungle. Only Tui sometimes came to visit a scientist. He helped Miklouho-Maclay practice the language, and also talked about life on the islands.

The case helped to move things off the ground. Once a tree fell on Tui, injuring his head. And the treatment did not help - the wound began to fester. Then Nikolai Nikolayevich took up the business. He managed to help the unfortunate aborigine, after which the locals no longer perceived as evil Buk. Moreover, they invited him to their village. Here are just women and children, just in case, still hid. The memory of cannon shots went deep in their heads.

In the cabin on Cape Garagasi Miklouho-Maclay spent a whole year. During this time, he explored the vast territory of the island, compiled a detailed description of flora and fauna, renamed the Astrolabe Bay into Maclay Coast, and managed to become for the natives not just a friend, but a white-skinned god. They called him “kaaram tamo”, which can be translated as “moon man”.

In mid-December 1872, the Emerald clipper approached the island. It is curious: in Russia and Europe they were sure that the researcher had died a long time ago. The newspaper St. Petersburg Vedomosti even published an obituary about it. Therefore, the maximum that the Emerald team was hoping for was to find the grave of Miklouho-Maclay. To their surprise, he was alive, even though he was very sick. In the same condition was a Swede. But Boy did not manage to live until the arrival of the vessel, he was mowed by "a swelling of lymph glands in the groin."
For two days, the islanders saw off the scientist, whom by that time they called not only “Qaaram tamo”, but also “Tamo-boro-boro”. In the language of the aborigines, this meant the highest boss.

Papuans are people too

In May, 1875, Nikolai Nikolayevich heard rumors that England was preparing for the annexation of eastern New Guinea. Including the Gulf of Astrolabe. This news stunned the scientist. Therefore, he sent a letter to Semenov-Tyan-Shansky, the head of the RGO, in which he said that the Papuans needed protection. There were such lines: “Not as Russian, but as Tamo-boro-boro of the Papuans of Maclay Coast, I want to appeal to His Imperial Majesty with the request of the protection of my country and my people and support my protest against England ...”. Simply put, Nikolai Nikolayevich offered Russia a protectorate over New Guinea, but with preservation of its sovereignty. Petr Petrovich forwarded the letter to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Internal Relations, which was headed by Baron Fyodor Romanovich Osten-Saken. He told the emperor Alexander II about the plan of Miklukho-Maclay, and at the same time recommended the sovereign to wrap up the project. Alexander did just that.

Realizing that there was no one else to hope for, Nikolai began to prepare for the second expedition on his own. He was able to negotiate with the Dutch businessman by the name of Shomburgk on the account that the trade schooner "Sea Bird" takes the researcher to the shores of New Guinea. In addition, Shomburgk undertook to send a ship for a scientist six months later.

27 June 1876, a schooner "Sea Bird" entered Astrolabe Bay. Maclay Maclay spent almost a year and a half among the Papuans, since the Dutchman did not keep his word. Unfortunately, little is known about the expedition, since many of the records from the field diaries of Nikolai Nikolaevich were lost.

The scientist, like the first time, settled near the village of Bongu. Only now he built a hut on Cape Bugarlom, because his old home was destroyed by termites. Nikolai Nikolayevich broke the garden, began to grow crops unfamiliar to Aboriginal people - pumpkin, corn, cucumbers and watermelons. Soon the vegetables were “registered” with the locals.

The Papuans, of course, remembered the scientist and greeted him very warmly. Moreover, they invited him to the wedding, where they were allowed to see the main sacrament - the abduction of the bride. He visited the funeral, which is reflected in the memories.

During his stay among the islanders, Nikolai Nikolayevich placed emphasis on anthropological research. In the diary he left a note: “In the future, the same birds of paradise and butterflies will delight the zoologist, the same insects number in the thousands in his collections, meanwhile, it almost can happen that the future anthropologist will have to look for a purebred Papuan in his primitive state in the mountains of Novaya Guinea, as I searched for Sakai and Semang in the forests of the Malay Peninsula. ”

Around this time, the researcher had the idea of ​​creating the Papuan Union, uniting the isolated villages of New Guinea. And already this Union, he planned to attach under the protection of a powerful European state. As a "guard" Miklouho-Maclay considered not only Russia, but also Britain and Germany. The scientist visited several dozen villages, communicated with local people and thought how to unite them? The situation was complicated not only by the remoteness of the settlements from each other, but also by the language barrier. After all, the locals spoke different dialects. He found out that in 27 villages people speak 14 languages.
During the second expedition, Miklouho-Maclay was finally convinced that the Papuans were not at all the “connecting link” between the ape and the white people. He wrote about this in the following way: “Parts of the world with their different living conditions cannot be inhabited by one species of Speco Homo. Therefore, the existence of many races is completely in accordance with the laws of nature ... ".

Through 6 months the ship did not appear. His food supplies were running out. From the garden there was little confusion. Besides, there was nothing to take notes on. Therefore, the researcher had to use book sheets and write between the lines. But most importantly, precious time was melting. After all, Miklouho-Maclay thought that the annexation of New Guinea would begin literally from day to day. The current situation hit the scientist hard, his health deteriorated sharply, but he did not stop his scientific activity.

In such a nervous situation, another year passed. And suddenly the Flower of Yarrow schooner appeared in the bay. The Dutch businessman still remembered his promise. Before coming on board, Maclay spoke with the leaders of the villages for a long time. This conversation boiled down to one thing - if whites appear on the island, the locals should hide from them. He also showed the Papuans secret signs by which they could recognize a person from Tamo-Boro-Boro.

In November 1877, the schooner left the bay.

Attempt to realize a dream

After 4 years, Miklouho-Maclay presented to the British the “Maclay Coast Development Project”. So the commander of the naval fleet in the southwestern Pacific, Wilson found out that the scientist wants to return to the Papuans again to protect them from Europeans. After all, Miklouho-Maclay was still waiting for the bloody annexation of New Guinea from any state. As a scientist and researcher, Nicholas was well aware of the cruelty of the colonialists and hoped that his Papuans would not repeat the sad fate of the many indigenous tribes that inhabited the islands of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

The main goal of the “Project” was to create a Grand Council of village elders. Schools, roads, bridges should have appeared in the united villages. It was assumed the gradual development of the local economy. The scientist himself identified himself as a consultant and minister of foreign affairs. And if everything went as planned, in time, the Union of Papuans would recognize the protectorate of Great Britain. But Nikolay Nikolayevich could not interest the Englishman.

With the same “Maklay Coast Development Project”, Nikolai Nikolayevich turned to Shestakov, manager of the Russian Naval Ministry. He also rejected the idea, stating that Nikolay “wants to become a“ king ”in New Guinea”. But another initiative of Miklukho-Maklaya — the creation of a filling base in New Guinea for the Russian fleet — interested the emperor himself. And Shestakov was instructed to study the initiative.

But the idea of ​​the "Project" did not leave the scientist. In 1883, he again tried to “attach” him in Britain, and again unsuccessfully. But the idea of ​​creating a base of the Russian fleet has moved forward. Shestakov set the task for the commander of the Russian Empire in the Pacific Ocean, Rear Admiral Nikolai Kopytov, to investigate the coastline of Niwa Guinea and decide whether the marinas proposed by Miklouho-Maklai would be suitable as coal stores for ships.

Therefore, a reconnaissance expedition to the shores of New Guinea was planned. And in mid-March 1883, the corvette Skobelev (renamed Vityaz) with Miklouho-Maclay on board reached Astrolabe Bay.

The third stay of Nikolai Nikolaevich among the Aborigines was the shortest - only 8 days. It turned out that almost all the locals he knew had already died, including Tui. And the village of Bongu became very depopulated. The Papuans explained this with diseases, wars and "sorcerers from the mountains."

Maclay Maclay was depressed and broken. He realized that the dream of the Union in the conceived version can not be realized. And I decided that the “Project” needed to be modified. Namely: it is he who should stand at the head of the Union. In this case, under whose protectorate will be the state, it does not matter. After promising the Papuans that he would be back soon, Nikolai Nikolayevich left the island.

Parallel to this, Kopytov explored the harbor, but none of them approached. The main problem was their remoteness from ocean communications. In order to get to the tracks, cruisers would have to spend too much coal. Nevertheless, Kopytov praised the merits of the scientist and even paid him a few hundred dollars for the services of a conductor and translator.

Ambitious plan

The difficult situation around New Guinea prompted Nikolai Nikolayevich to write a letter to Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich, in which he again returned to the Papuan Union and the Russian protectorate over him. And at the same time sent a message to Alexander III.
And again Shestakov had to deal with the “Project” by Miklouho-Maclay and the report of Kopytov. After another thorough study of the materials, the manager of the Maritime Ministry issued the verdict: “search designer”. And the emperor was unpleasantly surprised by the miss of a scientist with the location of the base for the fleet. In general, from the Russian side Miklouho-Maclay could not count on support.

Meanwhile, the southeastern part of New Guinea became British — the government of the Australian state of Queensland tried it. Without asking permission from other states, it simply declared the island its own and sent the necessary documents to London. This was done for one reason - the Australians were afraid that they could be ahead of Germany. And thus, there will be a serious threat to the British colonies in that region.

Nikolai Nikolayevich tried to influence the fate, as he believed, of his Maclay Coast. The scientist considered that it was the Russian Skobelev that pushed the Queensland government to annexation. About the fear of Germany, he did not guess. Having hurried with the conclusions and not having understood the problem, Mikluha sent regular letters to Russia, England and Germany. Only this time, Nikolai Nikolayevich placed special hope on Germany and Bismarck: “... to protect the land itself from capture by the British, but also to protect the rights of dark-skinned natives of the Pacific islands as people, from unscrupulous unjust and cruel exploitation not only by Englishmen but all whites in general. ”

Waiting for the verdict of the powerful, in the summer of 1883, Nikolai Nikolayevich moved to Sydney. It settled in the biological station, continuing research work. Then he decided to marry his old friend - Margaret Robertson, despite the hostile attitude of the bride's relatives. They were literally not satisfied with everything in the groom: his disastrous financial situation, poor health, nationality ... And most importantly, under the will of her first husband Margaret (he died several years before the woman met Nicholas), she received 2 thousands of pounds of annual rent. And the Robertson family did not want to lose this money because of the Russian scientist, because in the case of her remarriage, the payments stopped.

But still relatives Margaret lost. The couple married 27 February 1884 of the year and settled in a house near the biological station. Miklouho-Maclay had two sons - Alexander and Vladimir, although in Australia they were called Niels and Allen. Curiously: they have never been to Russia.

British-German Better Party

The Germans also did not respond to the letter Maclay. Instead, they decided to act quickly and firmly. In the autumn of 1884, a confidant of the German New Guinean company, Otto Fish, with whom Miklouho-Maclay met in Sydney, arrived at Maclay Coast. Posing as a relative of the tamo boro-boro, he bought land for the coal base and plantations. Then a German cruiser entered the Gulf of Astrolabe and ... The northeastern part of New Guinea was under the protectorate of Germany. About the betrayal of Otto (the scientist thought that way), Nikolai found out in December of the same year. In a panic, he sent another telegram to Bismarck: "The natives of Maclay Coast reject the German annexation." In response, the usual silence again. And the Germans and the British amicably agreed on the division of New Guinea at the beginning of the 1885 year without the participation of Miklouho-Maclay and Russia. For Nicholas, this meant one thing - the Maclay Coast was lost.

As you know, trouble does not come alone. The government of New South Wales (the state in the southeast, where Sydney is a part) announced to Miklouho-Maclay that the land on which the biological station and its house are located is transferred to the military. Accordingly, he needed to release his “abode”. Being in a broken and depressed state (plus added old health problems), Nikolay Nikolayevich decided to return to Russia. And at the end of June 1886 of the year was in St. Petersburg.

The idea that the Russian colonialists would help the Papuans did not leave the scientist. And soon the "News and Exchange newspaper" published a note. It was an invitation to all who wish to go to the Maclay Coast to build a free state there. How the Germans would respond to this Mikluha and did not want to think. To his surprise, there were a lot of volunteers. The resettlement plan for compatriots was on the verge of implementation. Nikolai Nikolayevich even wrote a letter to Alexander III, in which he asked for permission to create a Russian colony on Maklaya Bereg. The emperor did not support, of course.

This finally broke the scientist. All of his many diseases have worsened and 2 April 1888, the scientist was gone. His wife ordered the caps of the phrase Nothing But Death Can Separate Us (“Only death can separate us”) on the grave slab. And after the funeral she returned to Sydney.
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  1. Moore
    Moore 24 November 2017 06: 55 New
    +6
    A scientist - of course. Searchlight - very likely. But certainly - an extraordinary Man. Ascetic.
    Of course, in Russia, most likely, given the subsequent events of the 20th century, this corner would be squeezed out. But still, a very interesting page of history could turn out.
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 24 November 2017 19: 23 New
      +5
      In his youth and at a more mature age, he re-read the book from the old ZhZL series "Miklouho-Maclay" more than once ... A man who gave himself all over to his dream. Ascetic and explorer.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 24 November 2017 07: 38 New
    +8
    Nikolai Nikolaevich, burdened with illnesses, lived a life incredibly rich in adventure. The great power of life was in this man.
    1. Moore
      Moore 24 November 2017 09: 31 New
      +6
      His brother, Vladimir Nikolaevich, who was also a human being.
      The failed revolutionary, the commander of "Admiral Ushakov" in Tsushima, did not lower the flag, the duty of honor, as he understood it, fulfilled to the end.
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 24 November 2017 09: 43 New
        +5
        we wrote at the same time the same thing in response to the same person ... belay drinks I adjusted my comment longer. drinks
    2. Mikado
      Mikado 24 November 2017 09: 37 New
      +6
      his younger brother, Vladimir, was the commander of the coastal defense battleship Admiral Ushakov, and heroically died in the Tsushima battle. soldier
      On the second day of the battle, May 15, 1905, Japanese ships surrounded Ushakov. By that time, Nebogatov with all his detachment (five armadillos and one cruiser) had already surrendered. The Japanese raised a signal in front of Ushakov: “We offer to surrender. Admiral Nebogatov surrendered with the team. " Miklouho-Maclay, having examined the beginning of the signal, exclaimed: “Well, then there’s nothing to disassemble! Down with the answer! Open fire! ”
      apparently, the author of this phrase, V.P. Kostenko, made a mistake in it. The cruiser Emerald did not give up. hi
      1. shura7782
        shura7782 24 November 2017 22: 49 New
        +3
        My great-great-grandfather was a sailor in that last battle at Admiral Ushakov. In memory of him, his award dagger and now serves in the Pacific Fleet.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 25 November 2017 00: 14 New
          +3
          so write about it! memories + photos! what is easier? soldier let people know about it!
          1. shura7782
            shura7782 25 November 2017 08: 30 New
            +1
            I am not a writer, but I’ll think about it.
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 25 November 2017 12: 24 New
              +2
              if you are not a writer, contact any author on the site that supports the discussion on the forum - there are many! send your thoughts and photos. There will be an article, you understand - the memory of your great-great-grandfather will be immortalized not only in the family! Is it bad? soldier we need to know our story, it unites us. hi
              1. shura7782
                shura7782 25 November 2017 14: 07 New
                +1
                You are right, but I have to first make a request to the archive to clarify some issues.
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 24 November 2017 07: 44 New
    +2
    Let the dreamer. But also a pioneer. and precisely because of such, Russia has become the largest country in the world
  4. XII Legion
    XII Legion 24 November 2017 07: 54 New
    19
    Mikluha-Maclay - an outstanding personality
    And without dreams and fantasies, discoverers and travelers do not exist
    Thank you!
  5. sergo1914
    sergo1914 24 November 2017 08: 54 New
    +1
    As a child, he read out "Man from the Moon." Otherwise, I agree with Moore
  6. hohol95
    hohol95 24 November 2017 09: 47 New
    +2

    As a child he took in the library.
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 24 November 2017 12: 52 New
      +3
      Alexey, pay attention to the first portrait wink after filming "Admiral" and "Trotsky" some can be safely removed in the role of Miklouho-Maclay. wink only make a new make-up with such a beard! fellow drinks
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 24 November 2017 12: 53 New
        +3
        Right! Ideally judging by this portrait! good
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 24 November 2017 12: 54 New
          +4
          I also thought at first - where is Khabensky with a red beard! belay
      2. ICT
        ICT 24 November 2017 18: 23 New
        +2
        [Quote] [/ quote]
        .....................
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 24 November 2017 19: 50 New
          +2
          Holmes, you think .. belay this is all your deductive method! good (I’ll go to shave my beard, and my mustache is already red) wink drinks
      3. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB 25 November 2017 10: 34 New
        +3
        Quote: Mikado
        Alexei, pay attention to the first portrait after the filming of "Admiral" and "Trotsky" some can be safely removed in the role of Miklouho-Maclay. only make a new make-up with such a beard!

        Also immediately caught my eye. And even make-up is not necessary, a false beard is enough ...
      4. BMP-2
        BMP-2 25 November 2017 12: 23 New
        +2
        So what kind of portrait is this? Maybe this is Khabensky? winked laughing And then somehow with the photographs below the portrait has a little similarity. lol
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 25 November 2017 12: 26 New
          +2
          no, seriously, this is a portrait of Miklouho-Maclay by Makovsky, kept at the Kunstkamera. hi
          1. BMP-2
            BMP-2 25 November 2017 12: 35 New
            +2
            Yes, just on the right ear at the portrait there is a lobe, but in the photographs below - no. And with proportions, some inconsistencies. Well, if Makovsky - well, let Makovsky be. We refer to the fact that "he saw so." lol Or maybe he painted from memory. smile
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 25 November 2017 12: 43 New
              +2
              hmm ... the devil is in the details! No, this is really a portrait of Makovsky.
              here's another photo - the admiral spilled out too (well, or a mountaineering enthusiast - it all depends on the makeup) drinks

              by the way, really - it would be better not to shoot the series about Trotsky, but about Maclay, or Port Arthur!
              1. BMP-2
                BMP-2 25 November 2017 12: 56 New
                +2
                Yes, it seems that this photograph is closer to the time period in which Miklouho-Maclay was captured in the portrait. Here he, of course, is more deployed in the “face”, but, in my opinion, it is still visible that the contour of the earlobe does not stand out independently from the general contour of the ear. In general, the assumption about the uniqueness of Makovsky’s vision remains valid! laughing And, of course, God is in the details, and the Devil is in the details! Although, God, these are already such trifles! lol
                Well, one thing is certain: the man was great! drinks hi
                1. Mikado
                  Mikado 25 November 2017 13: 08 New
                  +2
                  Well, one thing is certain: the man was great! drinks hi

                  Absolutely! good drinks Distracted a little - pent:
                  Do you know a lot of films about the period from Nicholas I through the Russo-Japanese War inclusive? About military affairs? No. If there is, they were filmed mainly under Stalin - “Admiral Nakhimov”, “Cruiser Varyag”, “Shipka Heroes”. Modern cinema follows the situation: "Trotsky is an ambiguous figure? We shoot about him, but the hamsters themselves will run to watch!" The rest of modern crafts are not worth watching - a primitive plot, standard, not new (and already disgusting!) Special effects, lack of a normal military and historical consultant. The defenders are already just Barin with "his vision" and Fedya Jr. angry
                  In general, we had a lot of great people - shoot about them! And do not imagine the people next "beautiful populist tales." request
                  1. BMP-2
                    BMP-2 25 November 2017 13: 23 New
                    +3
                    Wow: the topic of the Russo-Japanese War in contemporary cinema is somehow ignored. Although feats and heroism there were plenty. Great-grandfather fought in Port Arthur. True, I didn’t find him alive anymore and there were no stories about those events in the family. It is only known that he possessed tremendous power in his hands, then he sewed casings for a long time ...
                    From a relatively modern movie with a mention of that war, only “Painful Technique” comes to mind (it seems 1992), and even then there is only a small fragment of a battle with the Japanese ...
                    In general, I agree, there are a huge number of events in history that not only a "narrow circle of specialists" should know about, but even more heroic personalities: Nakhimov, Ushakov, Suvorov ... much larger figures for the formation of life ideals and standards, than the "ambiguous Trotsky." yes
                    1. Mikado
                      Mikado 25 November 2017 13: 32 New
                      +3
                      Ushakov is remarkably shown in two films with Pereverzev. But .. are they often shown? What hours?
                      From a relatively modern movie about that war, only “Painful Technique” comes to mind (it seems 1992), and even then there is only a small fragment of a battle with the Japanese ...

                      here, somehow, briefly flipped through the Japanese series "Clouds over the Hills." The Japanese have their own ideas about history, they are generally, I think, a kind of people. It would be a pity if is our performance will be a little film adaptation. And even then we will soon have "homegrown historians" and the Memorial Foundation personally will broadcast the Japanese version. angry
                      much more ambitious figures for the formation of life ideals and standards than the "ambiguous Trotsky."

                      and much more ambitious and unambiguous in relation to humanity. soldier
                      1. BMP-2
                        BMP-2 25 November 2017 13: 35 New
                        +3
                        Something I somehow broke away from modern cinema ... what Well, if possible I will catch up. Thanks for the information for consideration! hi
  7. Monarchist
    Monarchist 24 November 2017 09: 55 New
    +2
    Quote: XII legion
    Mikluha-Maclay - an outstanding personality
    And without the dreams and fantasies of discoverers and travelers, there is no way
    Thank you!

    I would say this: “curiosity arouses dreams, and dreams and fantasies are capable of much.
    Schliemann as a child was read by Homer's Iliad, and then it prompted him to find Troy. And the apple arouse Newton’s imagination and he discovered the law of gravity. So that dreams and fantasies are necessary for science
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 24 November 2017 13: 02 New
      +1
      I would say this: “curiosity arouses dreams, and dreams and fantasies are capable of much.

      I fully support. Dreamers move the world! good True, they are faster and leave ... hi
    2. ICT
      ICT 24 November 2017 18: 17 New
      +1
      Quote: Monarchist
      And the apple arouse Newton’s imagination and he discovered the law of gravity.

      I’m arguing here, this law is generally rock heaps, Aizik was thinking about something else
    3. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 24 November 2017 20: 21 New
      +1
      Leningrad postgraduate student Yuri Denisyuk in 1958 after reading the story of science fiction writer I. A. Efremov "Star ships" was inspired by the idea of ​​obtaining a three-dimensional image of objects. In the end, he developed a method for obtaining holograms that can be restored even in white light (usually coherent - laser - lighting is used to restore a three-dimensional image).
  8. Stegosaurus Brontosaurus
    Stegosaurus Brontosaurus 24 November 2017 11: 41 New
    +2
    ... the lamp that Nikolai always took with him on trips. He made it from the skull and elbow bones of his beloved, who bequeathed to him a part of herself before death. Nikolai put the skull on the bones, placed a wick on the vault, and built a green lampshade over it.


    Somehow it’s not Christian.
    1. Michael_Zverev
      Michael_Zverev 24 November 2017 18: 50 New
      +1
      Why so? Parts of the bodies of the dead are used in the rituals of Christians, this is a common thing. In every Orthodox church there is at least one piece of "relics." And the famous Kostnitsa chapel in the Czech Republic is known for its interior made entirely of bones.
    2. AllXVahhaB
      AllXVahhaB 25 November 2017 10: 45 New
      +3
      Quote: Stegosaurus Brontosaurus
      Somehow it’s not Christian.

      Chapel of the Catholic Church of All Saints in the Czech Republic. Made of 40 (I doubt the number, nl several thousand for sure) human skeletons:


      1. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB 25 November 2017 10: 54 New
        +3
        And this is the Church of the Virgin Mary in Rome:

        Pure Christian Capuchin Catacombs in Palermo:


        This is a Portuguese church in Evora:

        Such artifacts are not a feature of Catholicism. Here is a similar burial on the Orthodox Athos. First, the dead monks are interred. A few years later they tear apart the graves and see if the corpse has decomposed correctly. If correct, rotten remains are scraped off the skull and placed in the "bone":

        If a corpse is correctly prepared by a righteous life, then it does not rot, but shrinks. Such a mummified corpse is of great value. It is put on public display, treated by touching a corpse. Particularly good corpses are cut into pieces and divided between several churches. A particle of the corpse should also be laid in the foundation of each new church.
  9. Pax tecum
    Pax tecum 24 November 2017 12: 55 New
    +3
    Very, in the first picture, similar to K. Khabensky. Highly.
    Probably would have played well, as usual. It would be a great movie turned out. And memory, and adventure, and drama ...
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 24 November 2017 13: 04 New
      +2
      Guys, we are really in the same "information field". belay The second comment in a row on this thread I am simultaneously writing on the same topics with another user. Can .. I .. preacher? belay drinks
      1. moskowit
        moskowit 24 November 2017 19: 16 New
        +1
        Direct road to the "Battle of psychics" ... There is such a crap somewhere on TV .... wassat laughing fellow
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 24 November 2017 19: 49 New
          +1
          Nikolai Ivanovich, do you think? what I always appreciated the opinion of smart and experienced people .. Then .. A couple more coincidences - and I’ll definitely go! fellow something painfully often happens in life like this lately ...
  10. Brushing
    Brushing 24 November 2017 13: 34 New
    0
    And after 1.5 hundred years, the Union of Free Papuans arose on its own in Ukraine ...)))
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 24 November 2017 20: 23 New
      +3
      No need to offend the Papuans. On the territory of dill, a settlement of ancient ukrov arose, from which then monkeys would descend.
  11. vignat21
    vignat21 24 November 2017 23: 01 New
    +1
    Read A.S. Ivanchenko "Ways of the Great Russian"
  12. ICT
    ICT 25 November 2017 09: 49 New
    +1
    Here are just women and

    by the way, union by union, and what about women
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 25 November 2017 13: 13 New
      +1
      by the way, union by union, and what about women

      MacLay, it seems, and without a union is not bad .. good drinks
  13. Stegosaurus Brontosaurus
    Stegosaurus Brontosaurus 25 November 2017 10: 29 New
    +1
    Quote: Mikhail_Zverev
    Why so? Parts of the bodies of the dead are used in the rituals of Christians, this is a common thing.


    Supplement myself: not in the Orthodox.
    We know that the relics (and not all of those who lived) are used in temples for consecrated rituals. No one makes lampshades from human skin, and brushes for toilets from bones and hair.
    1. AllXVahhaB
      AllXVahhaB 25 November 2017 12: 09 New
      +2
      Quote: Stegosaurus Brontosaurus
      No one makes lampshades from human skin, and brushes for toilets from bones and hair.

      Chandelier:

      Chandelier:

      Sarcophagus:

      Souvenirs:
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 25 November 2017 12: 29 New
        +2
        insert one photo into one comment. Otherwise, they may not open - checked. request It’s easier to answer yourself a couple of times. hi drinks
  14. Mikado
    Mikado 25 November 2017 13: 40 New
    +3
    BMP-2,
    scroll through. The Japanese have a bunch of films in which they heroically fight with armless bloodthirsty Russians. Here is their Khalkhin Gol, for example:

    Idiocy? Of course! But they ... they will believe that! request
    And with us .. Mikhalkov takes off his crafts at state expense .. all that remains is to repent .. before everyone, including the Papuans. angry
    1. BMP-2
      BMP-2 25 November 2017 17: 00 New
      +4
      Hmm ... epic ... By the way, I don’t remember something about our Khalkhin-Gol films either ... Yes, the filmmakers have an uncanny field of work. However, I think it’s not worth repenting - you can’t cultivate heroes on the penances of repentance. request In general, there is something to ponder. Thank you for the work done to eliminate white spots in a single picture of the world! I was glad to communicate. And have a nice weekend! yes
  15. Stegosaurus Brontosaurus
    Stegosaurus Brontosaurus 25 November 2017 14: 21 New
    +1
    Quote: AllXVahhaB

    Chandelier:
    Chandelier:
    Sarcophagus:
    Souvenirs:


    Well, they have it. Where is Orthodoxy here?
  16. Vitas
    Vitas 26 November 2017 10: 45 New
    +2
    Monument to Maclay in Raspberry (Ukraine). There was their estate, now there is a museum. The park has been preserved, which was planted by the mother and brother of the scientist.
  17. tiaman.76
    tiaman.76 27 November 2017 12: 22 New
    0
    entertainer and dreamer ..