Military Review

Tu-Xnumx. New aircraft and new perspectives

On November 16, a major event took place in Kazan, most seriously affecting the further development of the Russian strategic aviation. At the Kazan Aviation Plant. Joint venture Gorbunov held the ceremony of rolling out the new strategic bomber Tu-160M, built using the existing backlog. In the foreseeable future, the first aircraft will be followed by new machines, also assembled from existing components. In the future, as expected, the Kazan enterprise will resume the full cycle of construction of such machines.

At present, only the X-NUMX Tu-16 aircraft are in service with the long-range aviation of the Russian Aerospace Forces. In recent years, this technique regularly underwent the necessary repairs and upgrades, which made it possible to bring it into the desired state. However, the number of available equipment was considered insufficient. The result was a decision on the resumption of the construction of aircraft. According to previously announced plans, the Kazan aircraft factory in the foreseeable future should realize the existing groundwork for several bombers, and then build about 50 cars from scratch.

For some time after the appearance of executive orders, the aviation industry was engaged in working through various technical and technological issues. Later started active work on the assembly of the finished aircraft. According to known data, this year Kazan specialists checked the condition of all the elements of an unfinished airframe with the 804 serial number. In addition, the assembly of wing consoles was completed with their subsequent installation on the swivel assemblies of the center section. At the same stage, some general aircraft systems were installed.

In July, the partially completed glider was transferred to the final assembly shop, where it was to be equipped with all the remaining equipment. As reported at the time, the required work will take about three months. With every effort, the Kazan Aviation Plant fulfilled the task. The units, which had been idle for a long time, were turned into a full-fledged aircraft, corresponding to the current project Tu-160M. It should be noted that the fact of a fairly rapid completion of the existing reserve clearly demonstrates the potential of industry in the context of the development of long-range aviation.

November 16 - on the 90 anniversary of the foundation of the Kazan enterprise - a solemn rolling-out ceremony took place. From the final assembly shop, the car was sent to the flight test station, where the necessary checks will begin shortly. In the coming months, the new Tu-160M will work exclusively on the ground, passing the necessary tests. The first flight will take place in February next year. Upon completion of all necessary checks on the ground and in the air, the first car of the new series will be handed over to the customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense. The handover ceremony will take place in the coming years.

According to previously published data, in the foreseeable future, the Kazan aircraft factory will have to use the existing groundwork for several bombers. At the time of stopping production, units for a number of machines remained in the shops of the enterprise. Hoping for the best, the aircraft manufacturers did not send them to the scrap and saved. As it turned out, this decision was correct. It was the preservation of the reserve allowed to submit a new car as soon as possible after receiving the appropriate order.

It has already been announced that after the implementation of the existing reserve, Kazan aircraft manufacturers will start building new missile carriers from scratch. Officials indicated that the Aerospace Forces required about fifty such machines. At the same time, new bombers should be built according to the improved project Tu-160М2. This project is currently under development. Design work will be completed by the time Kazan Aviation Plant has finished assembling aircraft from the ground.

In parallel with the assembly of unfinished aircraft in the past and preparation for the construction of new cars, the Kazan enterprise will have to undergo modernization. According to the United Aircraft Corporation, the aircraft factory is already receiving new equipment, as well as carrying out the restoration and modernization of the existing one. Also updated are the main approaches to work. The plant develops digital technologies in the framework of construction and technical support of its products.

To date, as part of the program to restore the production of strategic bombers, the Kazan Aviation Plant has managed to solve some of the tasks in upgrading production facilities. Other projects in the context of the modernization of production will be implemented in the near future. According to open data, up to 2020, the plant will have to spend at least 6 billion rubles to upgrade the material part.

Part of the required work has already been completed or is nearing completion. So, after the reconstruction, the world's largest installation of electron-beam welding and vacuum annealing was returned to operation. Replaced part of the other equipment. The reconstruction of the main communications and engineering networks of the enterprise is underway. By the end of the year, the modernization of the airfield will be completed, providing for the construction of new facilities and structures.

Until the end of the decade, all major production lines will be upgraded. The technical re-equipment of the welded, machining and blank-stamping production has been announced. There is information about the imminent start of construction of a new final assembly shop. All these changes and updates will allow the plant to increase productivity and solve its tasks with greater efficiency. With certain confidence, it can be assumed that all new and updated production facilities or workshops will be directly involved in the new bomber construction program.

During the recent roll-out ceremony, the first new bomber announced some plans for the further development of the Tu-160 family of vehicles. Thus, the management of the company "Tupolev" announced the timing of the appearance of a completely new car. The first results of the work on the creation of experienced aircraft that have undergone a deep modernization, will appear in the near future. The first flight of the Tu-160M is scheduled for 2019 year. Officials clarified that such a project envisages, first of all, a most serious upgrade of the avionics complex.

Restoration and modernization of production capacities, first of all, are connected with the need to deploy a full-fledged production of new equipment. Using the saved reserve, the Kazan Aviation Plant will be able to build only a few Tu-160 aircraft and perform only a small part of the customer’s plans in the person of the Ministry of Defense. The military department earlier pointed to the need to build fifty new cars, and for this it is necessary to start the assembly of the cars from scratch again.

The theme of the timing of the resumption of mass production has been touched several times by officials. So, about a year ago it was announced that full-scale serial construction of new missile carriers would begin in 2023. In the middle of this year, the leadership of the Ministry of Defense announced other plans. According to new data, this process is scheduled to begin in the 2021 year. The desired production rate has not yet been specified. At the same time a few years ago it was announced that in order to obtain the required effect, the troops needed about fifty new aircraft.

In the near and distant future, the Russian aviation industry, headed by PJSC Tupolev and the Kazan Plant, will have to build several dozen new strategic missile carriers such as the Tu-160М and Tu-160М2. This program began with a kind of "warm-up", in which production should be completed existing reserves. Then, having restored the necessary capabilities and recalling the required experience, the industry will be able to proceed with the production of completely new machines assembled from scratch.

According to the latest data, the serial production of aircraft of a completely new series starts only at the beginning of the next decade, but for now the Kazan aircraft factory will use the existing reserve. The first result of this use has already been obtained - the finished aircraft with the “804” serial number, which had been standing idle for two and a half decades in the form of a set of units, was transferred to the flight test station. Thus, an enterprise from Kazan is capable of, at least partially, solving urgent tasks within the framework of the re-equipment of the videoconferencing system.

The continued development of production capacity and the restoration of lost potential in the foreseeable future will lead to the emergence of a full-fledged opportunity to assemble aircraft from scratch. In the 2021 year, according to current plans, the construction of the first Tu-160М2 of the new series will begin at the Kazan Aviation Plant. After this work will continue, and long-range aviation of the Aerospace Forces will be able to most noticeably update their fleet of equipment, which is of particular importance to the security of the country.

It should also be noted that the modernization of the Kazan Aviation Plant. S.P. Apparently, Gorbunova is connected not only with the restoration of the production of Tu-160 aircraft. At present, development work is underway in the framework of the new PAK DA program, the purpose of which is to create a fundamentally new strategic bomber. There are well-known reasons for the assumptions about the future construction of such equipment in Kazan. When the first experimental PAK DA aircraft will be laid is not yet known. However, it is obvious that the experience of production of new Tu-160 will positively affect the release of more new technology.

Thus, the recent solemn ceremony of the transfer of the Tu-160M aircraft sums up the recent work of the aviation industry in general and Kazan specialists in particular, and also demonstrates at least some of the potential of enterprises in the context of the medium and long-term perspectives of long-range aviation. Work continues, and new success messages will appear on a regular basis.

On the materials of the sites:
Photos used:
PJSC "Tupolev" / OAK
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  1. Cxnumx
    Cxnumx 22 November 2017 07: 47 New
    In my opinion, the Tu-160 is generally a unique aircraft, which in principle cannot be replaced by the subsonic PAK YES, no matter what stray it is.
    1. MoJloT
      MoJloT 22 November 2017 10: 29 New
      The problem is that even the resumption of production of the Tu-160 is a daunting task for Russia, the task of creating a supersonic bomber of the 5th class in modern realities is not feasible, and to me as a layman it does not seem obvious even the advisability of creating such a machine, at least for now. A likely adversary is exploring near space (X-37; X means the device is still experimental), has a large number of cruise missiles and allocates money to develop medium and short-range missiles. In such a situation, the time for deciding on a counter strike will be 10-15 minutes.
      1. svp67
        svp67 22 November 2017 10: 52 New
        Quote: MoJloT
        In such a situation, the time for deciding on a counter strike will be 10-15 minutes.

        This time is already gone. Since the Americans have already created a situation where, near our borders, at a distance of less than 1000 km, a large number of units of missile weapons can appear at once, which could deliver a first strike. And with this development of events 6, a maximum of 8 minutes will be with our military-political leadership FOR EVERYTHING.
    2. svp67
      svp67 22 November 2017 10: 46 New
      Quote: K0
      In my opinion, the Tu-160 is generally a unique aircraft, which in principle cannot be replaced by the subsonic PAK YES, no matter what stray it is.

      Are you sure that PAK YES will not be unique? And that super speed he will not need. She will be endowed with the means of attack and special operations with which he will be equipped. With the current development of technology, it’s certainly not necessary to make an aircraft with a crew that could break through enemy air defense at high speed.
      1. 22 November 2017 18: 58 New
        Well, the issue is not a breakthrough in air defense, but in the speed of delivery of weapons to the launch line. For example, to an area that is not covered or poorly covered by air defense or to an area where geophysical conditions are such that the Kyrgyz Republic can reach their target unhindered (for example, after a nuclear war or a strong tsunami that flooded the coast for a couple of hundred kilometers). This is the trick of supersonic media. And so, I agree, PAK YES will surely have its undeniable advantages.
    3. opus
      opus 22 November 2017 11: 43 New
      Quote: K0
      in my opinion, the Tu-160 is generally a unique aircraft,

      Russia will not be able build and maintain acceptable fleet of Tu-160 (the USSR then mastered 35 units in total)

      Unit value 6,0 — 7,5 billion rubles 250 million USD (1993 year)

      "One hour of Tu-160 flight without combat use costs 580 thousand rubles - this is the most expensive aircraft of the Air Force," Colonel General A.A. Nogovitsyn, head of the Air Force. / Xnumx

      Quote: svp67
      Are you sure that PAK YES will not be unique?

      "80 product"?
      And why bother with a garden (stealth, etc., etc.) if it acts over its territory, under the cover of air defense?
      AN-124 (or equivalent), loaded to the eyeballs of the CRBD missiles
      1. I doubt it
        I doubt it 22 November 2017 14: 40 New
        Quote: opus

        AN-124 (or equivalent) .....

        Alas and ah! They will not build it. No one. Nothing .... The equipment was dismantled in 2004.
      2. 22 November 2017 19: 01 New
        Russia was not supposed to go through the Alps either, and master the Mediterranean with a sailing fleet, and take Kars and Ishmael ... All that Russia should not be able to not list. Though...
        1. opus
          opus 22 November 2017 21: 01 New
          Russia was not supposed to go through the Alps either, and to master the Mediterranean with a sailing fleet, and take Kars with Ishmael ...

          who, when said such stupidity ("could not"?)
          This is not the same thing.
          Alps + Suvorov against the budget.
   23 November 2017 13: 26 New
            Hmm, after the collapse of Russia at 17, she managed to adjust the budget and “repay the debt” to Germany, after the default of the 90s, we are now competing with the United States.
            What are the problems with the budget?
            It is important to include the right motivation, do not you find? And Russia will have resources.
      3. max702
        max702 7 August 2018 09: 22 New
        Quote: opus
        AN-124 (or equivalent), loaded to the eyeballs of the CRBD missiles

        He proposed the same on the basis of IL-96 .. There is everything for this ...
  2. igorspb
    igorspb 22 November 2017 08: 44 New
    Well, good. Let them modernize and build. And there, even PAK YES will be nearby ...
  3. andrewkor
    andrewkor 22 November 2017 09: 03 New
    In the dashing 2000s, the entire territory of “B” and LIS TAPOiCh were forced by more than 76 Il-20 gliders .. There were no customers, and people had to be fed, so they worked for the “warehouse”. Slowly everyone left: Volga-Dnepr, SilkVey , India, China. By the time of final closure in 2012. not a single one was left. Two fuselages, after being closed overland, were taken to Russia, like to Taganrog for an export order for AWACS. From scratch, the Il-76 was manufactured in 18 months.
  4. groks
    groks 22 November 2017 11: 14 New
    So they restored the stove or not?
    CTABEP 22 November 2017 18: 51 New
    The completion of the remnants is undoubtedly an excellent solution, but whether we can handle the construction of new aircraft, especially in the declared amount, is another question. IMHO, it would be better to use these funds on the Strategic Missile Forces as part of nuclear deterrence or on the production of the same PAK-FA (especially if we are going to build PAK-DA in the future, and nobody will change the electronics for existing Tu-160s).
    It’s interesting, but how many planes there were parts left, who has the information?
  6. Prutkov
    Prutkov 22 November 2017 22: 49 New
    A good answer to American provocations with missile defense, the INF Treaty. It makes no sense to spend modest resources on building, albeit a very good, but old missile. Money should be invested in restoring to a new level technologies for processing titanium alloys, avionics, and radio electronics. This is all the Tu-160. And over time, a passenger supersonic aircraft will appear. Of course, such an airplane is an expensive thing. But for the lack of aircraft carrier strike groups in Russia, only such aircraft can make up the "long arm" of Russia capable of reaching the enemy anywhere in the world.
  7. Usher
    Usher 23 November 2017 00: 29 New
    "At the same time, new bombers should be built on the improved Tu-160M2 project. Currently, this project is being developed. Design work will be completed by the time the Kazan Aircraft Plant completes the assembly of aircraft from the backlog." And the point is, what to redo then again? How is it in our opinion? Why not immediately collect M2? Why spend resources and money to assemble an outdated aircraft?
    1. pafegosoff
      pafegosoff 30 June 2018 07: 05 New
      And from what to collect it? Units are old. Materials forty years ago. Equipment for creating parts from new materials, radio avionics ... um ... Engines for M2 have not yet been created.
  8. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 30 June 2018 07: 01 New
    So, the production of a serial completely new from scratch Tu-160M2 will happen in twelve to fifteen years. By that time, either the donkey will die, or - the padishah ...
    In the meantime, they are assembled from units thirty years ago.
    They also hid the details well, like Kuznetsov’s rocket engines at one time ... But in our time, strategic aviation is like that, to scare someone. The first blow will be inflicted on Engels. Rocket fifty. And the same amount in the Northern Fleet. How did the marshals think in 1941, including the French and the British? World War I ...