Military Review

How in Kazan make the best helicopters in the world

When it comes to our helicopters, then, most likely, we most often recall Mi-8 / 17 helicopters. They are universal, according to their flight performance many will give a head start, in short, this is an aircraft aircraft, and they are produced in Kazan. Therefore, today I would like to show PJSC Kazan Helicopter Plant (KVZ), which is one of the world's largest manufacturers of middle-class helicopters. For all the time of his work, he had already manufactured more than 12 000 helicopters Mi-4, Mi-8, Mi-14, Mi-17, Ansat and their modifications, which totally flew more than 50 million flight hours around the world. It is important to note that this is not just a serial plant, but a full-cycle enterprise, they themselves develop, produce and subsequently carry out after-sales service and repair of equipment.

2. Before we begin our tour of the plant, I suggest that momentary honor and respect be given to one of the founders of the Russian helicopter industry, the designer from God, Mikhail Leontievich Mil.

3. The layout of the legendary Po-2 ("Night Death"). A total of 1941 units were manufactured at the Kazan plant from 1948 to 11. Why is "night death", and then everything is simple, these maneuverable light bombers during the Second World War carried out their flights most often at night. At the same time, they flew noiselessly close-close and dropped directly to the target up to 334 kg of bombs in one take-off. The Germans even began to appear legends about the unique engineless aviation Russian.

4. And this is the Mi-1 (according to the NATO classification - Hare or “The Hare”) - the first Soviet serial multi-purpose helicopter developed by the Mil Design Bureau at the end of the 1940-s. The first flight of the Mi-1 made in September 1948 year. In 1951, it was put into trial operation. At the Kazan plant number 387 (now our Kazan Helicopter Plant), 30 of such experimental machines was produced, in 1954, their production was moved to 47 plant in Orenburg (there, 1954 helicopters were manufactured from 1958 to 597). Later, these helicopters were assembled at the plant number 168 (now Rosvertol) in Rostov-on-Don, where 1956 to 1960 years were made 370 such new machines. Progress did not stand still, and as a result, the country's leadership decided to rely on more modern Mi-4 helicopters, and simply move the production of Mi-1 light to Poland, but this is another история...

5. First of all, we go to the 37 Workshop (Turning Machining Workshop). By and large, all such workshops are quite similar, the only difference is in equipment. Here I see the Japanese complexes of the company Mazak, which is pretty not bad.

The plant has its glorious history since September 4 of 1940 of the year. It was on this day that the Leningrad Aviation Plant No. 387 was established by order of the People's Commissariat of the aviation industry. It seems to be what side it is in our song, and that the St. Petersburg and now they rule :). So, during the Great Patriotic War, he was evacuated to Kazan to the site of the Factory of wagon parts № 169. As a result of this synergy, the manufacturer grew up (those of Po-2ВС ("Night Death")), who so much fear caught up with the Germans that it was a pity for even the enemies, thereby making a significant contribution to our victory. Here every tenth combat aircraft produced by the aviation industry of the USSR during the years of the Great Patriotic War was assembled. For such labor feats in 1945, the team was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.


After the war for some time he had to change the profile, the plant was converted to the production of self-propelled combines C-4. And Kazan easily coped with this task, more than 9000 of such machines released a plant to the fields. Meanwhile, at the same time, Mikhail Mil developed his experimental EG-1 helicopter, which later became the first helicopter of the Design Bureau M. L. Mila, designated GM-1 (Helicopter Mil-1). September 20 1948 passed its first working tests at the airport Zakharkovo. After a number of improvements in 1951, he was shown to Stalin, the leader approved this topic. And where is the mass production of it, if not in a reputable Kazan plant. Thus, in 1951, the Kazan Plant No. 387 began the production of the first Mi brand helicopters.


And it started, first Mi-1, the first production helicopter in the USSR, then Mi-4 came to replace it, produced at the plant from 1954 of the year, which became the first domestic helicopter delivered for export, and 1965 year, which was distinguished by the fact that Our plant began production of the famous Mi-8, the most popular and mass of all the helicopters of the Mi family.


In 1966, Plant No. 387 was renamed to Kazan Helicopter Plant, and in 2007, it became part of the Russian Helicopters holding. Russian Helicopters JSC (part of Rostec State Corporation) is the only helicopter developer and manufacturer in our country. In addition to the KVZ, it includes four more helicopter factories (Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant, Rostvertol, KumAPP and AAK Progress named after N.I. Sazykin), two design bureaus, as well as enterprises for the production and maintenance of components, aircraft repair plants and a service company providing after-sales support in Russia and abroad.


10. And this is the machine shop (milling direction)

Today PJSC "Kazan Helicopter Plant" specializes in the development and serial production of helicopters of the Mi family (Mi-8, Mi-8MTV, Mi-38, medium multi-purpose helicopters Mi-17, Mi-172), as well as a promising light multi-purpose helicopter " Ansat "in various modifications. In addition, the plant produces spare parts for them, trains those who wish to fly in flight business, and also provides after-sales service.


12. Vibrator hub

13. Ready frames. Frames are a transverse element of the rigidity of the hull of an aircraft body.





18. Now the plant employs about 7 000 people

19. And there are also robots ...


21. Very surprised and multi-storey automated central picking warehouse (CKS), which stores the equipment received from the mechanical production. Surely there is such a story somewhere else, but for the first time I was shown such a warehouse right here.

22. This MCC includes 44 automated warehouse modules that hold more than 50 thousands of unique positions. With every detail that comes here, all weight-technical characteristics are immediately removed, the storage location is determined and brought into the system. Thanks to the wireless portable terminals, the operator can easily determine the storage location, the nomenclature and the number of necessary parts in the warehouse.

23. The assembly shop and right in front of us you will go to the Mi-8 helicopter assembly line, and to the left - the Ansats will show themselves. There is another line that collects Mi-38. Mi-38 is a new medium multi-purpose helicopter, created in conjunction with the Moscow Helicopter Plant. M.L. Mil. This car will occupy a niche between the helicopters of the Mi-8 / 17 family and the heavy Mi-26. Its capacity is 5-6 tons, the machine can carry up to 30 passengers. This helicopter is designed for the carriage of goods and passengers, will be used as a search and rescue helicopter, a flying hospital, etc.


25. The assembly here takes place in special devices (stocks), these platforms allow you to fix the parts in the right position and greatly facilitate the life of the factory workers.


27. Part of the bottom of the Mi-17.

28. Equipment for the fuselage Ansat. Light multipurpose helicopter "Ansat" capable of flying over distances up to 635 km (maximum) at a speed of 250 km / h (maximum allowable speed - 285 km / h) and at the same time having the largest cabin in the class and the ability to quickly transform the cabin layout It becomes just an indispensable assistant in its niche. It is easily ready to transport, both passengers and cargo, to participate in a variety of search and rescue operations, fire fighting, emergency medical care, etc. By the way, “Ansat” in the Tatar language means “convenient”, “light”.



31. Assembling the fuselages of Mi-8 / 17 helicopters.

The Mi-8 / 17 helicopter family is a modernized sequel to the Mi-8 helicopter. At present, the KVZ is launching mass production of three main modifications: The Mi-172 is a passenger version designed for the carriage of passengers. Special VIP versions are also available; Mi-17-B5 - transport modification, designed to transport cargo inside the cab and on the external suspension. It can be used for transportation of rescuers; Mi-17-1В is a multi-purpose modification, on the basis of which helicopters of various purpose, including a flying hospital, are manufactured.







38. General assembly

39. Why initially all helicopters are yellow, everything is simple - this is a primer.





44. Next, go to the final assembly shop, where the power elements, skin and other parts of the fuselage are installed.


46. Each helicopter is assembled for an individual customer. In just one year, the plant produces about a hundred helicopters.



49. Sergeev Alexander Terentevich, Hero of the Soviet Union, especially manifested itself when crossing the Oder River. After the war he was demobilized. He worked as a fitter at the factory. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, World War 2-th degree, Red Star, and other medals.

50. Recently, the factory has updated the Paint and finishing shop. There are three large paint-drying chambers and four small chambers for painting small parts; it’s a pity I didn’t have time to paint that day.

51. In the next room we can observe exhibition samples. Here, for example, Mi-17B-5.

52. The helicopter "Ansat" is built on the classic single-rotor scheme with a tail rotor. It is equipped with two PW 207K turbo-shaft engines with horsepower 630. with electronic digital engine management system (FADEC), providing continued take-off with one failed engine. A wide sliding door and a large passenger compartment (8 m3) allow you to comfortably transport up to 8 passengers and place maximum equipment in specialized versions. The first helicopter prototype was assembled in May 1997, and the first flight was made in 1999. In August, 2013 received a certificate of the Aviation Register type of the Interstate Aviation Committee. At the moment, the first cars are already coming to customers. For example, on October 12 of this year, a similar helicopter with a medical module was transferred to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan, which will enter the service at the Republican Clinical Hospital in Kazan.

53. The factory’s credibility earned over the years, and, of course, its unique products determine the high demand for Kazan machines. They can be found in more than 80 countries of the world. The supply card speaks for itself.

54. And the surprises did not end there. Moment and I ended up in the role of a helicopter pilot on a Mi-8MTV simulator. We flew up in Adler, flew over the gorges, the sea, landed on an aircraft carrier, did a few laps around Sochi, and a bit went for a couple of trees left without a top. The sensations are very unusual, even a little scary at first, you really fly, but there is no strong noise vibration, as in a real helicopter. Although I flew them only two times in my life and, of course, not as a pilot.

55. There is still a small but very interesting museum at the Kazan Helicopter Plant. But, unfortunately, as is often the case, there is no time left for him, but I ran anyway and managed to take some pictures.

56. Another Po-2.

57. Model history in the dynamics.






63. Many thanks to PJSC "Kazan Helicopter Plant" for the warm welcome, and to the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Tatarstan and the "Republican Agency for Press and Mass Communications" Tatmedia "for organizing my trip!
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  1. Vadim Zhivov
    Vadim Zhivov 19 November 2017 11: 33
    Well done Kazan! good Orders will be work and development of the plant .. Somewhere I read about the revival of MI-14. Maybe someone has information .. hi