Military Review

Sniper animation

24
Sniper animation

Small weaponsuch as this Galil sniper rifle, is being developed to meet modern needs, including increasing the level of modularity


In order to meet the new requirements of operational theaters, the developers of sniper rifles focused on several main areas, including the modularity of weapon systems, so that the shooters of all categories could hit their targets with a single shot.

Certainly and obviously, the customers' appetites for modularity are rising on the rifle market. According to Darryl Miller, director of the North American direction in the Cadex Defense sniper rifle company, this fashionable and relevant topic today can be divided into two areas. First, the ability to change the caliber depending on the distance that the ammunition must fly, or the target that it must penetrate, for example, a large caliber can be used to shoot through the glass or at a vehicle. Such a requirement can be seen in a number of large programs, for example, the requirement of the US Special Operations Command for an Advanced Advanced Sniper Rife (ASR) sniper rifle chambered for NATO 7,62 mm, .300 Norma Magnum (NM) and .338 NM.

The new rifle CDX-MC Kraken from the company Cadex (photo below) is designed to meet this requirement. “You can change the caliber based on the ammunition and the type of target you need to neutralize, or you think you can neutralize,” Miller said. “The weapon has a detachable base and several shops, allowing the shooter to change the size of the magazine based on the required cartridge.”



The second main direction of increasing the level of modularity in addition to the caliber is the weapon itself. The ability to adjust the butt cheek or shoulder rest of the butt, for example, and the ability to mount various types of optics and laser range finders.

Although military personnel may have the same level of training, it is obvious that they are of different sizes and “therefore they fire at different levels anyway,” Miller explained. “The ability to have modularity so that the weapon matches your preferences as an experienced shooter, fits under you, is one of the most important things you have.” As an example, he cited his CDX-30 Guardian Lite rifle, which was designed from the very beginning with a high level of modularity so that it could be fitted with a wide variety of accessories and accessories.

Not one caliber

The idea behind these multi-caliber rifles is to “provide a platform that can solve several problems at once,” said Jason John, a spokesman for Remington Defense, a company that produces small arms, including the Modular Sniper Rifle sniper rifle.

“Instead of a gun room full of different rifles, you now have one rifle. You have everything from fighting with living power to the destruction of material objects, he explained. “Indeed, the Ministry of Defense is moving in this direction with its sniper rifles, seeking to rationalize weapons systems and give the end user the opportunity to configure them for themselves.”

The Remington's M2010 rifle was conceived from the outset as a modular system, ”says John. The rifle, which is a further development of the M24 model, uses an aluminum chassis, not fiberglass or plastic, this allows you to install a wide variety of accessories. ”


The M2010 sniper rifle, developed by Remington M2010 for the US Army, is designed to replace the M24 sniper rifle

“М2010 has significantly more opportunities, both from functional and operational points of view, because it allows you to install different types of optics. Therefore, whether these are improvements in the field of brightness enhancement, thermal vision, etc., the rifle chassis is configured so that you can install additional accessories and thereby enhance the capabilities and characteristics of this sniper rifle. ”

A representative of Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) also pointed out the importance of modularity. The ability to easily customize a rifle for various tasks and combat conditions is in high demand among modern users. For its part, IWI offers a number of products, including sniper rifles with a rotary longitudinal sliding bolt Dan .338 Bolt Action Sniper Rifle and Galil Sniper SA “Sniper rifles should now be flexible and multi-caliber. This allows you to adapt weapons for different tasks and at the same time reduce the cost and the need to carry more than one system. ”

In the technology of sniper rifles, energy and weight and size requirements are of great importance. It’s important to find “a middle ground between mass and ease of handling,” Miller said. “On the one hand, carrying heavy weapons will quickly tire the operator, therefore, the easier you can make a rifle for him, the better he will be able to carry out his combat missions.” On the other hand, a very light weapon can negatively affect recoil; it is more controllable in a heavy weapon, since there is less impact on the shooter himself. ”

There are several ways to reduce weight. The most obvious way is to lighten the chassis as much as possible “by placing the grooves in certain places, which will help to lose weight while maintaining their characteristics. But we cannot take out too much, because we will lower the strength characteristics of the weapon, which can lead to sad consequences on the battlefield. ”

He pointed to another important element, the transverse ribs for cooling the barrel, since "this not only reduces the mass of the barrel, but also increases its strength ... and allows for more intense heat dissipation." Finally, Miller noted that the use of aluminum in rifles is also another advantage, as compared with other materials, it has less density (as a result, weight) and an increased service life.


Accessories, such as extended-range thermal sights, greatly enhance the combat capabilities of the shooter

Integrated Technologies

Many of the innovations in rifle technology over the past decade have been associated with accessories that are mounted on the weapon itself, especially for optics. Night vision systems and laser range finders were intensively developed, and many types of reticle for sights were developed.

In addition, the user can customize the components of the weapon, for example, a podshchechnuyu extension, without using any tools. According to the director of Accuracy International, Tom Irwin, "There was a departure from the tools for adjusting and adjusting the rifle for a specific person." The main offer of this company in the defense market is the family of AH rifles, the production of the newest member of which, the AXMC multi-caliber rifle (photo below), will begin next year.



Regarding accessories, a representative of IWI noted that the main direction of development is the integration and combination of technologies in integrated systems, which expands the range of types of combat missions and operational options.

“Rifle sights are currently being integrated with electronic systems, which allows us to obtain advanced functionality, for example, automatic introduction of ballistic corrections,” said a company representative. “Another improvement is the automation of optical devices, which allows soldiers to work quickly and easily, simplifies the use of weapons and their accessories.”

A representative of FN Herstal, which supplies the US Special Operations Command, MK20 Sniper Support Rifle sniper rifles, a modification of the FN SCAR-H Tactical Precision Rifle high-precision rifle, noted similar trends. “Sighting systems that can collect data, make calculations, and make corrections that affect the trajectory of a bullet are the main requirement. If with a number of factors, such as range, temperature and angle of inclination, it is possible to cope with the help of existing technologies, the wind remains the main problem. ”

Miller noted that optical systems are becoming more user-friendly, "allowing the arrow to be more accurate." High-precision, technically advanced sighting system can make corrections, thereby contributing to an increase in shooting accuracy. However, the weapon itself must be able to perform its tasks as efficiently as possible.

“There is a fine line, sights can improve the accuracy of firing, But if a weapon cannot shoot normally, then nothing will help,” Miller said. “The rifle must be an accurate weapon system, since the bullet must hit the target.” You can catch the target exactly at the crosshairs, but you must also deliver the bullet to the target. ”

“Sniper rifles are essentially the same as they were in 50's,” said Trey Knight, director of the Knight's Armament Company. A number of important innovations have been introduced, for example, standardized ammunition or a modular principle for multi-caliber weapons have been developed. However, if the materials and coatings are technologically quite advanced, the weapon itself is in many respects the same as a few decades ago.

“What has really changed is the sights, laser rangefinders, the rest of optoelectronics and accessories that are mounted on the weapon; they really improved their characteristics and capabilities, ”said Knight. “You can take an old weapon from the fifties, equip it with these new systems and optoelectronics, and then it’s realistic in terms of performance that it will almost catch up with modern rifles.”

Knight company offers several models of sniper rifles for the military market, in particular the models M110 and M110KZ. The company also produces a number of related products, for example, DSR (direct signature reduction) silencers and Knight Vision sights.


Manufacturers are constantly improving and developing new types of ammunition, which further enhances the capabilities of rifles, for example, this model М110КЗ

The evolution of ammunition

The company Knight calls ammunition one of the main directions for further development. The development of the M118 Long-Range (LR) cartridge became a landmark for semi-automatic rifles, as it marked the appearance of a high-precision cartridge that was created specifically for such weapons, which allowed companies like Knight to “achieve extreme weapon reliability”.

“The standardized cartridge in the M118 LR really allowed to increase reliability and fully focus on the requirements for the characteristics and size of weapons. This is a huge step forward for us. ”

Confirming that ammunition is constantly being improved, Irwin noted that the .338 cartridge has been significantly improved in recent years. “Its development continues, it becomes more and more accurate. Over the years, the .338 cartridge has been significantly improved. ”

Knight stressed that there will not be good progress in any weapon system, be it a rifle or other types, until there is a further development of ammunition. A lot of work has been done on such products as the cartridge М855А1 5.56x45 mm, which has improved ballistic characteristics on the final part of the trajectory. "With regard to the sniper case, the idea was to improve the ballistic coefficients, so that the bullet was more accurate at large distances."

This may require an actual change of caliber, which will create problems from a logistics point of view, since in NATO countries 7,62-mm caliber cartridges are standard. "The change of caliber will create a big logistic problem, but if you are looking forоIf you can do anything with the weapon, you can do little, ”he explained. “We need to take a closer look at the ammunition.”

In perspective, Knight expects to see a further increase in ballistic performance, even if completely new calibers are not developed. This will mean “adopting more effective ammunition that will have a lower reduction and a better trajectory onоmore distances. In addition, the ballistic characteristics in the final part of the trajectory are more likely to be improved for larger distances with less wind and other external factors.

Military needs

FLIR Systems is a specialist in the field of sniper weapons and reconnaissance systems, and is particularly known for its thermal imaging and image-enhancing systems. For the military, the company produces the HISS-XLR thermal sight and the MilSight MUNS (Magnum Universal Night Sight) night sight. As FLIR Surveillance spokesman Adam Deangelis said, soldiers put forward a number of specific requirements, for example, “the range of systems must be maximized, they must detect / identify / capture targets at ranges equal or greater than the range of the weapon itself”. In addition, there is a need to hold the line of sight, as well as in devices capable of working on weapons of caliber up to 12,7 mm and having minimal weight and energy-consuming characteristics.

Deanzhelis noted that in recent years, these characteristics have improved significantly, the resolution of sensors and displays has increased, their range has increased. “Most likely, the trend in the coming years will be an increase in the range of action as a result of an increase in sensor performance. There will also be a reduction in weight and size and energy-consuming characteristics. ”

Another new and highly demanded feature is the ability to combine images from various sensors. FLIR ADUNS-S ​​refers to such devices, it combines an image with a thermal imager and a night vision device, which allows the operator to work in a wider range of environmental conditions and lighting.


FLIR ADUNS-S ​​Advanced Dual-Mode Night Sight Compatible with Standard Sights

Sights with increased image brightness based on white phosphor are in great demand. The black-and-white image provided by them "is of interest to many users, because it seems more vital and natural than the green picture." Deanzhelis said that the characteristics of images based on white phosphor are not inferior in quality to their counterparts on the basis of green phosphor.

Finally, Deangelis noted that “Some military customers use Bluetooth wireless technology to upload images and videos, as well as download software to upgrade platforms. However, it is necessary to carefully adjust the power and distance of transmission via Bluetooth, so as not to compromise the owner of the device. ”

Forecast progress

Knight also highlighted the continuing need to improve the weight and size and energy-consuming characteristics. “We are constantly striving to reduce the mass of our products, actively using new materials. It is very important to maximally facilitate the weapon itself, since after it begins to install all these heavy accessories and sights, it becomes harder and harder. Therefore, it is important to start with a lighter weapon. It is also important to reduce the weight of the accessories themselves. ”

As for accessories and additional devices, Knight believes that the weight of the optics will decrease first of all. “The manufacturers of scopes could reduce their size, now they are not as large as the optics of previous generations. Although the dimensions are reduced, however, good performance is maintained, even at high magnification. ”

Optics will continue to evolve and “perhaps it can provide the shooter with not only information in range and environmental conditions, but also a full-fledged communication channel between the spotter and the shooter,” said Mr. John, a representative of Remington Defense. In the long run, small optical instruments will calculate the range, issue data in the wind and perform ballistic calculations and perform other necessary actions. “I have no choice but to press a button. The crosshair will tell me where to aim, I will not even have to think about it. ”

Over the past 15 years, radical changes have taken place. “Technological progress has significantly simplified the work of the sniper. The art of shooting turns into the art of predicting the unpredictable. The more unpredictable factors you take into account, the higher the likelihood of your success. ”

Take, for example, a laser rangefinder. “Knowing the exact distance to the target and higher levels of forecasting increase the hit rate,” said John. - Similarly, ballistic calculations not only increased the probability of hitting the target, but also made it possible to increase the distance at which you can hit the target. The reticle also allows more precise determination of the aiming point. ”

“You can more accurately predict the outcome based on your external conditions,” John concluded. - You are given all the information on environmental conditions, weather, time, etc., the exact distance to the goal, which you could not have before. Your equation of fire becomes simpler, you move to a higher level of predictability and, as a result, a higher probability of neutralizing the target. ”

Materials used:
www.shephardmedia.com
www.iwi.net
www.smallarmssurvey.org
www.remingtonmilitary.com
www.fnherstal.com
www.knightarmco.com
www.flir.com
www.wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org
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  1. andrewkor
    andrewkor 22 November 2017 09: 08
    0
    The best sniper that I saw in Timur Bekmambetov’s film “Especially Dangerous”!
    1. PAM
      PAM 22 November 2017 09: 30
      0
      good and the best shot from a rifle!
    2. Observer2014
      Observer2014 22 November 2017 21: 44
      +4
      andrewkor
      The best sniper that I saw in Timur Bekmambetov’s film “Especially Dangerous”!
      This one? belay laughing
      1. raw174
        raw174 15 February 2018 06: 40
        +1
        Quote: Observer2014
        This one?

        This is a masterpiece! Two points: 1. A shot around the corner! I wouldn’t be able to! 2. A sniper shot ... I have not seen this before.
  2. tchoni
    tchoni 22 November 2017 09: 58
    +8
    Hit me on the floor, but I don’t understand anything in this life. Modularity, multi-caliber .... Sounds to me personally, like nonsense. I’d also be glad if you could change this caliber on the go, as in Judge Dred’s gun .. said a “grenade” and now you have a GPshka in your hands ....
    I understand that if a screw cutter is made for the 50th caliber, these are just the requirements for the bed, its strength characteristics, etc. If a screw cutter of 30 caliber meets these 50 caliber requirements, then it is overweight for 30 caliber, and I will have to carry these kilograms .. .. If such a screw cutter weighs as much as a screw cutter under 30 caliber, then by converting it under the 50th I will get, let's say, either something very not durable, or something with such a return that my mother does not grieve.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 22 November 2017 15: 01
      +3
      Quote: tchoni
      Hit me on the floor, but I don’t understand anything in this life. Modularity, multi-caliber .... Sounds to me personally, like nonsense. I’d also be glad if you could change this caliber on the go, as in Judge Dred’s gun .. said a “grenade” and now you have a GPshka in your hands ....
      I understand that if a screw cutter is made for the 50th caliber, these are just the requirements for the bed, its strength characteristics, etc. If a screw cutter of 30 caliber meets these 50 caliber requirements, then it is overweight for 30 caliber, and I will have to carry these kilograms .. .. If such a screw cutter weighs as much as a screw cutter under 30 caliber, then by converting it under the 50th I will get, let's say, either something very not durable, or something with such a return that my mother does not grieve.




      If you were not interested in the nomenclature of manufactured precision-guided munitions abroad, it is difficult to understand why the multi-caliber weapons, especially sniper weapons, are needed.

      The design of weapons always contains safety margins, depending on the muzzle energy of a bullet - that is, no one designs universal weapons from 0.22 to 0.50 caliber.

      But weapons that have the ability to save the bolt group and trigger, when replacing the barrel
      with a chamber to use ammunition close in power, for example .338 will be able to shoot cartridges of .333, .303 or .300 caliber.
      Rifles designed for a power of 0.416, can use .406 or .375
      This gives some competitive advantage in the sale and savings in production - having one frame and USM, the manufacturer can offer them in different caliber.

      Competition has produced manufacturers of all kinds of precision munitions.
      1. DimerVladimer
        DimerVladimer 22 November 2017 15: 10
        +2


        So offhand the list of cartridges.

        Only in .50 caliber is the choice of 7-8 manufacturers of precision munitions.
        Therefore, for bolt rifles it is not difficult to make a system for 3-4 different calibers, close in muzzle power to a bullet.
        For automatic, multi-caliber is a much more complicated process.
        1. DimerVladimer
          DimerVladimer 22 November 2017 15: 20
          +2

          In .50 caliber choice
          1. DimerVladimer
            DimerVladimer 22 November 2017 15: 22
            +1

            in .300 caliber
      2. DimerVladimer
        DimerVladimer 22 November 2017 15: 33
        +1

        Well, how could I forget .308 WIN!
      3. tchoni
        tchoni 22 November 2017 17: 55
        +8
        This is all great, but where does the army sniper?
        Quote: DimerVladimer
        with a chamber to use ammunition close in power, for example .338 will be able to shoot cartridges of .333, .303 or .300 caliber.

        What's the point? maybe it’s easier for the Moscow Region not to fence a garden with multi-caliber, but to order a set of ammunition in one caliber? Well there, armor-piercing, increased power, and t
        p. etc.
        I understand why the MANUFACTURER is needed for multi-caliber - it will satisfy more customers for less money.
        I also understand why this is pulsed by a certain success among civilian shooters. There are people who want to have several rifles, but, you absolutely don't want to pay for them.
        Maybe, although I very much doubt that such an approach can be convenient for the police (well, there, if shooting in crowded conditions, an excess of penetration can be superfluous, or you need to shoot at a maximum distance and break through bulletproof glass - although, in my opinion, this is nonsense within one rifle)
        But where does the army sniper?
        1. Couchexpert
          Couchexpert 22 November 2017 19: 53
          +3
          I agree and add that in the army there is no point in using different cartridges with close power from the word at all.
          Quote: DimerVladimer
          Therefore, for bolt rifles it is not difficult to make a system for 3-4 different calibers, close in muzzle power to a bullet.

          This will not add any new properties, and even can end very badly if the wrong cartridge is accidentally pushed into the wrong barrel.
          Sometimes it is necessary to use some cartridges with more energy, when the soldiers standing at the moment are already not satisfied with something: they’re not flying far enough / accurately / persistently / not enough penetrating / small bullet dimensions for special vehicles. equipment (tracer, incendiary, etc.). In this case, it’s quite difficult to remake the existing rifle under the high energy of the cartridge, and you still have to make a completely new one. Well, there they do not stomp around .300+, but they take immediately .408 / .50. Somehow, it is possible to justify the creation of barrels under the cartridges of a probable enemy to shoot trophy on occasion, but nothing is said about the 7,62x54R, and even that is hard to believe. And yes, if you want, for example, to make a rifle for biathlon from the same AXMC, then "everything is in our hands."
          I think that here “ears grow” from the marketing trends of assault rifles: this is there 4 calibers with approximately the same energy (although 7,62x51 still stands out). But these are already mass products, no one talks about any fittings there, the requirements for accuracy are much more modest, but the economy comes to the forefront (it is advantageous to “utilize” large existing stocks of cartridges during fights / trainings). Pistols have the same situation because of their high “citizenship”, as they say “any whim for your money”.
          But with snipers, where all decisions are subordinated to ensuring the highest accuracy, such "jokes" are unlikely to pass.
          1. DimerVladimer
            DimerVladimer 27 November 2017 12: 54
            +1
            Quote: CouchExpert
            This will not add any new properties, and even can end very badly if the wrong cartridge is accidentally pushed into the wrong barrel.


            You do not understand the structure and supply - the division of the ILC and special operations forces works with those systems and calibers that they need to solve fire tasks - at least they will be supplied with CT.

            Tactical snipers work from the weapons that the unit is equipped with.
            Moreover, snipers themselves equip ammunition - much more carefully than they do in production.
            And the calibers, in addition to the NATO standard, with which the Marskman work, are directly in the ranks of the unit. And they can be supported by tactical snipers and .300 and .308 .333 and .375 and counter snipers with .406 and .416 .050
            That is, depending on the task, tactical situation, the strength of special operations and the ILC unit, they can be covered in a wide range of ranges of sniper weapons.
            Look for the sake of curiosity, what do KMP snipers do

            from standard calibres to .050 and ultra expensive .408 CT
        2. DimerVladimer
          DimerVladimer 27 November 2017 12: 36
          +1
          Quote: tchoni
          Maybe, although I very much doubt that such an approach can be convenient for the police (well, there, if shooting in crowded conditions, an excess of penetration can be superfluous, or you need to shoot at a maximum distance and break through bulletproof glass - although, in my opinion, this is nonsense within one rifle)
          But where does the army sniper?


          Army snipers are divided into Marxman - directly in the ranks of the attacking - defending (here, without options, the standard NATO calibres are 5,56 × 45 mm or 7,62 × 51).

          But the counter-snipers and snipers of the special operations forces - depend on the caliber of the weapons adopted for service in this unit, be it a semi-automatic Barrett or a custom bolt rifle - here there is a much wider choice of calibers and the corresponding ammunition.

          So a multi-caliber rifle is for the manufacturer - a military contract for several hundred barrels already taken into service in the units, and for the unit - no change of ammunition, etc.

          Of course, for the police forces there is much less range, respectively, and the power of ammunition.

          Here is one of the options for arming tactical snipers (up to 1000 m)
        3. DimerVladimer
          DimerVladimer 27 November 2017 14: 39
          0
          Quote: tchoni
          But where does the army sniper?


          U.S. KMP snipers often equip precision-guided munitions themselves.
          A sniper is a piece specialist - and there is no place to save on ammunition.

          The effectiveness of the U.S. KMP snipers could increase weapons under the .300 Winchester Magnum or .338 cartridges.
          Back in 2011, the .300 Winchester Magnum ammunition was adopted as the main sniper cartridge for the armed forces of the ground forces. Thanks to this, army snipers can now shoot 300 yards (about 182 m) farther than marines with M40 family rifles using a .308 cartridge with a light bullet.
          https://topwar.ru/77122-the-washington-post-poche
          mu-za-poslednie-14-let-morpehi-ne-smogli-poluchit
          -novuyu-snayperskuyu-vintovku.html though the article is outdated by now.

          https://fishki.net/1268615-strelkovoe-oruzhie-kmp
          -ssha-glazami-rjadovogo-bojca.html here is a more modern first-person description of what KMP snipers go to exits in Afghanistan
  3. Couchexpert
    Couchexpert 22 November 2017 10: 08
    +6
    “What has really changed is the sights, laser rangefinders, the rest of optoelectronics and accessories that are mounted on the weapon; they really improved their characteristics and capabilities, ”said Knight. “You can take an old weapon from the fifties, equip it with these new systems and optoelectronics, and then it’s realistic in terms of performance that it will almost catch up with modern rifles.”

    The key idea. And the desire of manufacturers to suck in their next wunderwafel suckers is as old as the world and will not change until the sun goes out.
    Only we have the opportunity - incredible! - slightly push the trim on the butt under you! And that's not it! You can still change the lining on the handle! Well isn't that cool! And modularity, certainly modularity! Of course, because the need to change ammunition during the battle is such an urgent thing for a sniper! Now we are shooting at people, in a minute - at elephants and low-flying hippos, so a couple of additional trunks and shops should always be taken with us! Well, before you would have to carry a few rifles! Well, what are you, additional points of connection of parts, thermal expansion, differences in the energy of ammunition with equal masses of moving parts, etc. will not affect accuracy in any way, no, no. You don’t even need to shoot! Like a machine gun - stuck the barrel and go! In, a cool feature - the transverse edges of the trunk! Were these still at the DShK? Hmm ... well, let's go. And to facilitate the weapon, we are now trying to make as many slots in the box as possible. What if they become clogged with dirt? Well, clean once, but how cool it looks!
    1. would
      would 22 November 2017 11: 56
      +3
      Only we have the opportunity - incredible! - slightly push the trim on the butt under you! And that's not it! You can still change the lining on the handle! Well isn't that cool!


      If you ever held such a weapon in your hands, your tone would be much less sarcastic. Especially if you were a sniper whose task could include lying several hours in a row without movement with constant readiness to open fire. Here, all these pads on the butt, adjustable cheek pads and other elements of the ergonomics of the weapon reveal themselves fully because they allow you to invest in the weapon as comfortably as possible and thus reduce muscle fatigue and their flow from an uncomfortable position.

      What if they become clogged with dirt? Well, clean once, but how cool it looks!


      If we are talking about a high-precision sniper rifle, then drive the conditions for using this weapon into the head of a negligent sniper. If you are not in the know, then this is an extremely high-precision and capricious tool that is not just impossible to bathe in the mud, but is worn strictly in cases until the position. And after the end of the "work" they pack it back into the case and carefully carry it away. Yeah, in combat.
      1. Couchexpert
        Couchexpert 22 November 2017 13: 19
        +1
        Quote: rait
        If you ever held such a weapon in your hands, your tone would be much less sarcastic. Especially if you were a sniper whose task could include lying several hours in a row without movement with constant readiness to open fire. Here, all these pads on the butt, adjustable cheek pads and other elements of the ergonomics of the weapon reveal themselves fully because they allow you to invest in the weapon as comfortably as possible and thus reduce muscle fatigue and their flow from an uncomfortable position.

        If I had so much money to buy and hold such a weapon in my hands, then perhaps I would probably drive on my yacht, considering everyone around me beggars and losers, and from that my tone would probably be even more sarcastic. And the above elements of ergonomics are really important and have long and firmly entered the standard set for this type of weapon. Only here to focus on advertising (and what is written in the article is advertising) attention to these details is the same as, for example, selling a car, trying to surprise someone with the ability to adjust the steering wheel or seat.
        Quote: rait
        If we are talking about a high-precision sniper rifle, then drive the conditions for using this weapon into the head of a negligent sniper. If you are not in the know, then this is an extremely high-precision and capricious tool that is not just impossible to bathe in the mud, but is worn strictly in cases until the position. And after the end of the "work" they pack it back into the case and carefully carry it away. Yeah, in combat.

        If we are talking about combat conditions, then bathing in the mud there may not come from the negligence of the user, but solely because of the need to save his sinful life, pressing harder against the mother earth. After all, war happens. And the dust, which (during periods of several hours lying in a row without movement with constant readiness to open fire) can fly into various holes carefully made by the developers? Why don't weapon designs start to take into account the conditions of use a little more? for instance

        Yes, it’s not entirely correct to compare the self-loading design with the “high-precision manual reloading”, but for example we’ll do it. Here we see the same advantages in the form of adjustments to the length of the butt, the position of the butt plate and the cheek pads, but no one is trying to impress us with the YOBA design of the skeletonized forearm and butt. There are no ribs here and no one praises them as unreal know-how (yes, they reduce weight and promote cooling, but also weaken the structure, increasing the vibrations of the barrel, you can’t argue against sapromat). And there is still no muzzle brake, but not because the designers are suckers, but because it also reduces accuracy a little and can unmask the position when the air flows from it diverge to the sides. And of course, no one here is trying to "play modularity": all parts are designed for one caliber (7,62 NATO / .308 Win), although an assault rifle is taken as the basis in which such an approach is appropriate. Here was the comment above:
        Quote: tchoni
        Hit me on the floor, but I don’t understand anything in this life. Modularity, multi-caliber .... Sounds to me personally, like nonsense. I’d also be glad if you could change this caliber on the go, as in Judge Dred’s gun .. said a “grenade” and now you have a GPshka in your hands ....
        I understand that if a screw cutter is made for the 50th caliber, these are just the requirements for the bed, its strength characteristics, etc. If a screw cutter of 30 caliber meets these 50 caliber requirements, then it is overweight for 30 caliber, and I will have to carry these kilograms .. .. If such a screw cutter weighs as much as a screw cutter under 30 caliber, then by converting it under the 50th I will get, let's say, either something very not durable, or something with such a return that my mother does not grieve.

        so everything is written there. And say that
        Quote: rait
        One trunk is unfastened, the other is fastened. And all without special tools,re-sighting worst case.

        a bit naive. Is this for a very capricious high-precision weapon that is worn in a case? Oh well...
        1. would
          would 23 November 2017 06: 31
          +2
          Only here to focus on advertising (and what is written in the article is advertising) attention to these details is the same as, for example, selling a car, trying to surprise someone with the ability to adjust the steering wheel or seat.


          And what else to focus on? The problem of modern small arms is that in itself it has reached a dead end. Nobody has been able to come up with anything new and applicable specifically in terms of shooting for many years now. Therefore, development goes only in several directions where ergonomics and sights are included. That is, saying “body kit”. But you need to sell something, production cannot just get up and stand. So they advertise what they manage to come up with and implement, what distinguishes new models from old ones. And they sell old, but hung with all new weapons as completely new models. Alas, but with all small arms. As an example, you can still remember the AK-12, which is most notably the kit.

          If we are talking about combat conditions, then bathing in the mud there may not come from the negligence of the user, but solely because of the need to save his sinful life, pressing harder against the mother earth. After all, war happens. And the dust, which (during periods of several hours lying in a row without movement with constant readiness to open fire) can fly into various holes carefully made by the developers?


          Clinging tightly and clutching his surgical instrument even closer, that is, a high-precision and expensive sniper rifle. They are very, very capricious in nature and no holes will change this, some generally come with "black" trunks. Do you know what it is? This is when the trunk begins to rust very, very quickly because there is no protection against rust, only bare metal, and chrome plating is not used because it reduces technical accuracy, that is, more simply put, accuracy. Therefore, such a rifle must be protected from moisture and cleaned, cleaned, cleaned. On the same ORSISS T5000, you know, the trunk is also not chrome-plated, but it is made of a special stainless steel. I do not like? Well, then you don’t have to be a sniper, you have to shoot with something simpler and more reliable. With him, you can completely plop into the mud saving your sinful life. AK as a very good example.

          Dust in the holes of the box? In general, no difference, the firing and ease of retention will not affect.

          so everything is written there. And say that


          And everything is quite correctly written and therefore we do not see the modularity from 7.62 to 12.7. Multi-caliber exists only within close calibers. The fact that, to put it mildly, is not as cool and necessary (especially in sniper rifles) as manufacturers try to present a different question.

          a bit naive. Is this for a very capricious high-precision weapon that is worn in a case? Oh well...


          And you yourself try to paint what happens to capricious weapons from a regular barrel change. Without "well, well," but point by point.

          And there is still no muzzle brake, but not because the designers are suckers, but because it also reduces accuracy a little and can unmask the position when the air flows from it diverge to the sides.


          The DTK-flame arrester which reduces recoil and masks the shot has learned to do for a very, very long time. I'm already silent about a clean flame arrester. By the way, the absence of thread on the barrel in this rifle will not allow to fix the silencer which just the same reduces the unmasking from the shot.

          There are no ribs here and no one praises them as unreal know-how (yes, they reduce weight and promote cooling, but they also weaken the structure, increasing barrel vibrations, you can’t argue against sapromat)


          However, despite this statement, a range record was set from SVLK-14C "Twilight" with a finned barrel. And DTK. Because to shoot without it from a more or less large caliber is still a “pleasure” that will eventually lead to a hematoma on the shoulder.
        2. psiho117
          psiho117 23 November 2017 19: 24
          0
          Quote: CouchExpert
          Yes, it’s not entirely correct to compare the self-loading design with the “high-precision manual reloading”

          in this case, it is quite possible, because the PSG-1 is not inferior in accuracy to them.
          Quote: CouchExpert
          no one is trying to hit us with the YOBA design of the skeleton forearm and butt

          Well, yes, but you did not forget how much it weighs? it would not hurt her to throw a kilogram or two ...
          Quote: CouchExpert
          and of course no one here is trying to "play modularity": all the details are designed for one caliber

          Well, it was developed in the 70s ... then nobody thought about modularity and multi-caliber yet.
  4. Boris63
    Boris63 22 November 2017 11: 00
    0
    Multi-caliber ...? Is it like to change trunks in the field? And the cost and labor, if a good sniper after adjusting the sight horseradish when it removes, but then change the barrel ....
    1. would
      would 22 November 2017 11: 48
      0
      It depends on the connection. If it is done correctly, then it is elementary: One trunk is unfastened, the other is fastened. And all without special tools, in the worst case, with repeated sighting. But this is more relevant for repair and production in terms of logistics than for field conditions.
  5. brn521
    brn521 22 November 2017 13: 46
    0
    Similar topics lack reviews from specific users who really had to use it and who really needed modularity and multi-caliber.
  6. Kir
    Kir 22 November 2017 17: 51
    0
    Everything is great (customization for oneself), but at least someone remembers how much less the resource plus how it will decrease, and it will obviously decrease the accuracy of structures where they will make “changes” in non-factory conditions, or the service center is also going to be dragged there ?