Military Review

Ax in the hands of the emperor. Battletrack Varangi. Part of 3

35
The Varangian Guard went through the crucible of wars for almost half a millennium.


989 to 1265 she fought in 29 known to us major battles (wars) with an external opponent. Briefly look at their chronology.

1) 999 - the Antioch campaign of Basil II, the battle of Emesa. The enemy is the Arabs. The result is a victory, Emesa is taken.
2) 1000 g. - 1-I Georgian campaign of Basil II. The enemy is the Georgian Abkhaz. The result is a victory.
3) 1014 - the Bulgarian-Byzantine war, the battle of Claydon. The enemy is the Bulgarians. The result is a victory. At 150 years, Bulgaria became part of the Byzantine Empire.
4) 1016 - Khazar-Byzantine war, combined land-sea operation. Opponent - the Khazars. The result is victory, the Transcaucasian and Khazar territories are attached to the empire.
5) 1018 - Sicilian campaign. The enemy is the Arabs. The result is a victory, taken by the city of Messina.
6) 1018-1019 - 2 campaign against Bari, the Battle of Cannes. The enemy is the Normans. The result is a victory.
7) 1021-1022 - 2-I Georgian campaign of Basil II, the battle of Shegfe. The enemy is the Georgian Abkhaz. The result is a victory.
8) 1030 - the eastern campaign of Roman III, the battle of Halep (Aleppo). The enemy is the Arabs. The result is defeat.
9) 1032 - the anti-Antioch campaign of George Maniak. The enemy is the Arabs. The result is a victory, taken by Edessa.
10) 1035 - the campaign of Nicholas Pegonit. The enemy is the Armenians. The result is victory, taken by Berkri.
11) 1038-1041 - Sicilian campaign of George Maniaca. The enemy is the Arabs. The result is victory, almost all of Sicily was conquered, the united Arab army was defeated.
12) 1041 - Apulian campaign, the battle of Montemaggiore. The enemy is the Normans. The result is defeat.
13) 1045 - Transcaucasian campaign, the battle of Saciret. The enemy is the Armenians. The result is a victory.
14) 1050 - the Pecheneg campaign, the battle of Kalasirty. Opponent - Pechenegs. The result is a victory.
15) 1053 - Pecheneg campaign, the battle of Preslav. Opponent - Pechenegs. The result is defeat.
16) 1054 - operation against the Seljuk Turks, the battle of Baberd. The enemy is the Seljuk Turks. The result is a victory, the enemy commander was killed.
17) 1068 - the Roman Diogenes 1 campaign. The enemy is the Seljuk Turks. The result is a victory, taking Membija.
18) 1071 - the Roman Diogenes campaign of 2, the battle of Manzikert. The enemy is the Seljuk Turks. The result is a defeat with grave consequences for Byzantium.
19) 1081 - the battle of Dirrahii. The enemy is the Normans. The result is defeat.
20) 1085 - the battle of Silistra. Opponent - Pechenegs. The result is defeat.
21) 1090. Battle at Drastar. Opponent - Pechenegs. The result is defeat.
22) 1091. Battle at Levinium. Opponent - Pechenegs. The result is a victory.
23) 1122. Battle at Eski Zagra. Opponent - Pechenegs. The result is a victory.
24) 1156 city - the campaign of Manuel Comnenus in Cyprus. Opponent - Franks. The result is a victory.
25) 1167 - the Hungarian campaign of Manuil Comnenus, the battle of Sirmium. The enemy is the Hungarians. The result is a decisive victory, Croatia and Dalmatia are attached to Byzantium.
26) 1176 - the eastern campaign of Manuel Comnenus, the battle of Miriokefal. The enemy is the Seljuk Turks. The result is a defeat with grave consequences for Byzantium.
27) 1179 - the battle of Claudiopolis. The enemy is the Seljuk Turks. The result is a victory.
28) 1233 g. - campaign against the Latin Empire. Opponent - Franks. The result is a victory, the capture of Thessaloniki.
29) 1264 g. - fight with Makriplag. Opponent - Franks. The result is defeat.

Thus, from 29-known to us major battles (campaigns) with the participation of the Varangian Guard, won 20 - or almost 69%.

If we talk about the effectiveness in relation to opponents, it turns out this picture.

In battles with the Transcaucasian states (Abkhazia, Georgia, Armenia) - 100%, with Arabs - 80% effectiveness (on 4 victories - 1 defeat), and with the Normans, Pechenegs, Seljuk Turks and Franks, the battles proceeded with varying success - success percent xnumx, xnumx, xnumx and xnumx. The reasons for the different results lie in the specifics of weapons systems (the Normans and the Franks used knightly cavalry), tactics (Pechenegs and Seljuk Turks) [For example, the Pechenegs used a combination of cavalry tactics and battle tactics under the cover of mobile field reinforcement from carts. It was the use of this combined tactic that led them to victory at Drastar] or in a complex of other factors. The actions of the imperial army in the period under review led to the liquidation of the Bulgarian kingdom and the Pecheneg horde.

Finally, the Varangian Guard directly had a decisive influence on the course of such major battles as - at Shegfe, Ames, Cannes, Eski-Zagre, Levinium, Sirmia, as well as during the Cyprus campaign of Manuel. The Varangian Guard distinguished themselves by sacrificing themselves for the victory in the battle of Dirrachia, and for the salvation of the emperor in the battles of Halep (Aleppo), Manzikert and Miriokfal.

Ax in the hands of the emperor. Battletrack Varangi. Part of 3

The most glorious periods in stories Varangian Guard.

1) The legendary era of Vasily II - a series of continuous victories over Georgians, Bulgarians, Armenians. 2) The campaigns of the “Byzantine Suvorov” - George Maniak (30-40 of the 11th century) - a series of victories over the Normans and Arabs. 3) The Hundred Years of the Three Great Comnenas (Alexey, John and Manuel) (1080 - 1180) - the period is significant with a complete victory over the Hungarians and the Pechenegs, as well as the persistent struggle against the Seljuk Turks. And even defeat at Dirrahii Immortalized Varanga.

The reigns of warrior emperors were most beneficial for Varanga — the guards gained combat experience, increased attention was paid to the army, and military campaigns were carefully planned and implemented.

The Byzantine imperial army, perhaps, was the best army in the world for many centuries, incorporating the best elements of military culture of distant and close neighbors while preserving the best ancient traditions. Varanga was a unique part of Byzantium, both in combat qualities and in terms of its duration. Devotion to basilevs puts the warangs on a par with the Russian marches and the Swiss guard. Among other things, this was explained by the location of the Varangas in the social structure of the empire, their isolation from the surrounding society, intrigues and clan interests - this initially assumed loyalty to the only one on which they depended financially - basil.

The change in armaments and equipment reflected both regional peculiarities, whose natives replenished the Varangian Guard, European borrowing, and tendencies in changing the Byzantine proper. weapons and gear.

Unlike some other guards units, Varanga performed the most important combat missions. In its composition gathered the best warriors of Europe, the northerners (traditionally strong fighters), she was distinguished by increased motivation and fighting spirit.

Important factors were high-quality and modern weapons and equipment, the constant attention of the state to the weapons and equipment of the guard.

As previously noted in our articles on this topic, the shield, helmet, and armor were worth a fortune in this era. In European countries, one poorly equipped or unarmed squadron was a single fully equipped plate soldier. The fighters of Varanga could afford the highest quality weapons, especially since representatives of a number of European states were present in its structure.

Having characterized the elite character of Varangi, it is worth mentioning the universality of the guard, which was manifested in its multifunctionality. The Varangian Guard solved a wide range of combat missions - led field and siege combat operations, carried naval and garrison service. The fighters of Varanga performed the functions of liaison. As a traveling infantry, the Varangas anticipated the Dragoon regiments of New Time - and due to its inherent mobility, Varang was an important means of operational maneuver.

Implemented guards and important domestic tasks. Often the lizards performed police functions in the city, were in a cordon (they were besieged by the crowd) and the imperial convoy, solved prison tasks, detained and arrested the highest persons of the empire (for example, the Patriarch), carried out inquiry and investigation. As a lifeguard of the current monarch, Varang provided key issues of state security. Representatives of the Varangian Guard held various posts in the state and the army - from the commander-in-chief of the army in action (Syria 1030-s - Great Etheariarch Feoktist) to the batman of the emperor Alexei I - Fedot.

Thus, the Byzantine Varangian Guard is a universal military formation of increased reliability. If to characterize the latter circumstance (besides being entrusted to guarding the top officials of the empire), Varanga guarded the State Treasury, was responsible for the defense of the most important sector of the Constantinople fortress wall and, in the person of her commander, was the keeper of the gates of the capital.

The presence of the Varangian Guard in the Byzantine army is certainly a positive moment both for the state to which it served and for the elites of the states involved in the formation of Varangi. By the era of the Great Comneni, the Varangian Guard had become a professional hereditary military community with a rich military experience, unique traditions, professional honor and a military epic.

Varanga was an important element in bringing together elites of a number of states. So, in 1047, when Harald occupied the Norwegian throne, Kievan Rus was again in peace and friendship with the Byzantine Empire - and Yaroslav the Wise was a matchmaker of Constantine IX (thanks to the marriage of the son of Vsevolod and the emperor's daughter), as well as the test of Harald (marriage of the daughter of Elizabeth ). The Russian, Norwegian, and Byzantine ruling dynasties were successively bound by kinship. Dynastic and friendly contacts continued in later times. For example, the challenger to the throne (the future basil) Andronik I Komnenos in 1164 was cordially received by the Galician prince Yaroslav Osmomysl, his cousin. And not only visited in Russia, but also participated in the meetings of the princely council. For at least a century, a union of three empires was observed - and Varang was an important link.

The warriors of Varanga were also a religious-cultural link between the peoples of Eastern and Northern Europe and Byzantium - perceiving the high achievements of the empire in spiritual and material culture, being the bearers of Christian values.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 24 November 2017 07: 40 New
    17
    Good article loop, thanks ..
  2. XII Legion
    XII Legion 24 November 2017 07: 49 New
    21
    The reign of the warrior emperors was most beneficial for Varanga

    As for any empire
    If still such periods were not replaced by timelessness ...
    The author - with the completion of the Varangian cycle
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 24 November 2017 10: 04 New
      15
      The author - with the completion of the Varangian cycle

      I would add - and we will wait for the beginning of a new one! hi
      1. Curious
        Curious 24 November 2017 10: 23 New
        17
        And can this continue - the guards? Persian immortals, Greek Peltasts, Roman Praetorians, Italian Guardia and on to modern times and to the present? The connection of times.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 24 November 2017 10: 25 New
          15
          Why not? I am for both hands! drinks Sound things, say Viktor Nikolaevich! hi here from the point of view of dialectics - do the SS belong to the "guard"? No, it was a very complicated structure, a “state in a state” with a mystical connotation, but still .. what
          1. Curious
            Curious 24 November 2017 10: 43 New
            +9
            In Germany, in the summer of 1944, there were grenadier divisions (national grenadier).
            What about Waffen-SS? Difficult question. Although formally - the same Praetorians in a fascist manner.
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 24 November 2017 10: 52 New
              +8
              Although formally - the same Praetorians in a fascist manner.

              + concentration camps and other "charms", such as Sonderkommando and "Waffen-Grenadier divisions" from any rabble. no
              But formally - yes, the guard.
              national grenadier

              well, it’s rather a "fascist militia" in a fascist way what
              1. Curious
                Curious 24 November 2017 11: 03 New
                +9
                No, this does not apply to Volkssturm. The grenadier title was assigned to divisions that showed resistance in defense, but suffered heavy losses and were withdrawn for replenishment in the rear, as well as new divisions formed on the basis of some surviving divisions of distinguished divisions. It existed until October 1944, when all the Grenadier divisions were renamed the People’s Grenadier Divisions — with reduced personnel and improved supply of new weapons.
                1. Mikado
                  Mikado 24 November 2017 11: 07 New
                  10
                  It existed until October 1944, when all the Grenadier divisions were renamed the People’s Grenadier Divisions — with reduced personnel and improved supply of new weapons.

                  an ideological moment to lift your spirits? thin! But it didn’t help ...
        2. Lieutenant Teterin
          Lieutenant Teterin 27 November 2017 20: 59 New
          +2
          Great thought! I fully support this idea. smile
      2. XII Legion
        XII Legion 24 November 2017 10: 56 New
        20
        You and dear Curious formulate valuable ideas.
        The Guards cycle is super!
        And, far to go, in Byzantium there was still a whole guard of units.
        And if it’s wider, then really, from the Infinite - to the Russian Imperial Guard (or even to the current Presidential Regiment).
        hi drinks
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 24 November 2017 10: 59 New
          16
          You and dear Curious formulate valuable ideas.

          this is Kuryos formulating, I just stand next to him, I hold a candle. wink He is generally a human orchestra good drinks with all due respect! love
          1. XII Legion
            XII Legion 24 November 2017 11: 07 New
            19
            Totally agree with you good
            Man - Encyclopedia love
  3. Barcid
    Barcid 24 November 2017 09: 05 New
    20
    A good series of articles. I like it. Thanks to the author. Among the personalities, in my opinion, Harald Hardrad is out of competition.
  4. sivuch
    sivuch 24 November 2017 10: 52 New
    +4
    If you compare with the Swiss, then the varanga will also win, they did not allow themselves to riot, like the bastards at Bicocca.
    But the comparison with the Russian markets is not clear - I don’t know how others are, but I don’t remember something behind the markets of military exploits. If this was the case, then it is worth telling more
    1. XII Legion
      XII Legion 24 November 2017 11: 20 New
      18
      Yes, I agree about the Swiss.
      As for the market, you are generally right, but in the article market is placed in one row "according to devotion", and not militarily. I also don’t know the combat feats of the latter - although, like the Varangians, they accompanied the king by status in military campaigns.
      1. XII Legion
        XII Legion 24 November 2017 11: 22 New
        18
        As for the market, the question is interesting - it’s worth a look
  5. algonquin
    algonquin 24 November 2017 12: 13 New
    +1
    And what was that?

    First, it was necessary to define what a “varanga” is in this context and what are the main motivations for referring to the entire “Byzantine guard” namely “varangians”.
    secondly, what was the "superior weaponry" of the guardsman?
    thirdly, on what conditions did the comrades of the 2nd rulers take service "
    fourthly, the sources used.

    A hodgepodge of tattered facts.
    First of all, it is necessary to clarify that the "Varangians" is similar and close to the word "Varangians" and is not a Byzantine word. The etymology of the word is unclear, but somehow it is associated with the expansion of the Scandinavian mercenaries.
    The fact is that the abundance of these "victorious 2 battles" is likely to be ordinary conquests and regional "showdowns", in which, among other things, the troops took part also the so-called "varangians".
    In the 10-11 centuries, the "leak of military personnel" from Scandinavia began for various reasons. first of all, because of political shocks - a change in the social system, one-man rule, and so on.
    Many people were exiled "for a fixed term or" forever. "
    in general, there was a movement throughout the north - Ireland, Iceland, England, Greland and even America.
    Noble people equipped the ship and recruited the so-called squad - both the crew of the ship and the warriors. The goal was to attack and capture settlements and ships of the conditional enemy (victim).
    At the same time, it is stipulated that the equipped ship receives a share for the "transport means" + for acting as a leader.
    The others, too, depending on the degree of participation, could have one “share or“ double salary. ”For example, the phrase“ could row two oars at once, and therefore received a double salary. ”
    And this leader agrees to go to the service of let Ethelred (in England). He comes with his people and merges into the already existing environment of the benefactor.
    It was the same in Russia. Varyazh educator of Prince Svyatoslav, Sveneld "commanded a mixed" guard.
    However, the essence of mercenarism is that a ready-made team came, negotiated the terms and conditions of detention, fulfilled the contract - left or extended the contract. In this case, individual units decrease / arrive of their own accord ..
    Melnikova, for example, believes that the "Varangians" is a sub-Russian / Scandinavian term meaning the Varangians who were in the palace / imperial guard ", and not a participant in the" ordinary multinational army ".
    In addition, it is not clear whether we are talking about the “Varangian” as a military “formation”, or actually the “Varanga” people, because at first the “Varangians” were soldiers of predominantly Scandinavian - Norwegian-Danish-Swedish-Icelandic origin, then where from the 12th century - the Anglo-Saxons went to the service.

    Generally speaking, it is difficult to talk about “military formation” itself, because the concepts “mercenaries from the north and“ members of the imperial guard ”/ palace guards constantly intertwine.
    Calling them 2 elite2 and “strike force” is excessive.
    For example, Harald the Stern / Hardrad who went to Sicily rose to the rank of spa .. in short, the head of the ship / captain. for there is a teaching that if we equate foreign mercenaries in the same ranks with the local nobility, then foreigners will become proud, etc.

    Here is another quote:

    Mercenary squads - one of the usual ways of waging war and, especially, the pacification of internal conflicts in medieval Europe. In the X-XII centuries. hired squads of royal bodyguards with a dominant foreign element are known in almost all countries.


    There were approximately 4 forms of hiring of the Varangians: individual service, mercenary services at the “vatag”, debt servicing to the leader 9 owed king 14 marks of silver, he left his ships and squad as a “gift”, participants in religious / crusades (hired to ... cities, then to turn to Byzantium)

    at the same time, part of the vigilantes "condemned the term" and returned, part - was expelled and settled / assimilated, part started a family, got an allotment / fortress / land, 2 were planted "to protect the land
    As for "devotion" - think about it with your head6 you came to a foreign country for 5 years, where will you live? in the national community. Hang out and hang out - with whom? With tribesmen. There, the districts were deliberately “ethnic composition”, as always, however.
    Are you in case of what will you plow / sow / rot with the bourgeois? No.
    The foreigners were forced to work out their contents, for getting from Byzantium without a salary was not ice, but if you “hacked”, you would be left without money and support.
    The main goal of 2professional neniks is enrichment by renting out their professional skills / experience, etc.

    Impressive victory over the Pechenegs? And the Pechenegs generally had a "military formation" of the state type and in general, they were supplanted by other late nomadic tribes.

    Honestly, a fragmentary narrative and a confused "aspirated" story about the mythical "special forces".

    Just mercenaries who were not tied to specific political movements "on the ground" and therefore maintained "loyalty / loyalty" to the employer.
    The purpose of mercenaries is enrichment.
    The remedy is aggressive campaigns. Read "Alatriste", a set of "secret business" (Spanish gold) - how much do they pay? - I am participating.

    Good articles on the topic can at least be taken in Wikipedia links

    http://elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/20199/1/urgu1
    241s.pdf

    http://deusvult.ru/13-krestonostsy-naemniki-v-viz
    antii.html

    http://www.e-reading.club/bookreader.php/1038544/
    Oleynikov _-_ Varyazhskaya_gvardiya_Vizantii.html


    http://vremennik.biz/opus/BB/55b/52977


    go to Ulvdalir or Valhalla, or whatever the forum is now under Northern Glory, but in general - it is better to the Byzantine Bulletin
    1. XII Legion
      XII Legion 24 November 2017 12: 38 New
      22
      And what was that?

      First, it was necessary to define what a “varanga” is in this context and what are the main motivations for referring to the entire “Byzantine guard” namely “varangians”.
      secondly, what was the "superior weaponry" of the guardsman?
      thirdly, on what conditions did the comrades of the 2nd rulers take service "
      fourthly, the sources used.

      To do this, look at the previous articles in the series on weapons, manning, etc. I will not give links - but there was a whole series of articles on the topic of Varanga - from beginning to end.
      It is time.
      The author went not only to the Byzantine Temporary, but also to the Works of V. G. Vasilievsky. T. 1. St. Petersburg., 1908. Varjago-Russian and Varjago-English squad in Constantinople. 11-12 centuries and other materials.
      And also to the sources: M. Psellu, N. Honiato, N. Vriennyu, A. Komnine, etc.
      Good articles on the topic can at least be taken in Wikipedia links
      http://www.e-reading.club/bookreader.php/1038544/
      Oleynikov _-_ Varyazhskaya_gvardiya_Vizantii.html

      The author of articles and books is the same as the materials in the main.
      It is necessary to read everything in a complex, and not just the last article, so as not to ask
      And what was that?
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. OAV09081974
    24 November 2017 13: 38 New
    24
    Good afternoon, dear colleagues and readers!
    Thank you for your interest.
    I confirm that I am the author of the book of the Veche publishing house under the name "The Varangian Guard of Byzantium". The book has sustained 2 editions - in 2015 and 2017. Her materials formed the basis of a series of articles on HE.
    Accordingly, the widest circle of sources and literature was used in the preparation of the work (it is enough to get acquainted with the book’s reference apparatus). Among the literature, I would particularly like to recommend materials published in the Byzantine Temporal and the already mentioned work of V. G. Vasilievsky. T. 1. Spb., 1908 Varia-Russian and Varia-English squad in Constantinople. It clearly explores the issues of Byzantine-Pecheneg relations, the quality of the Scandinavian sagas as sources, the stages of formation and functioning of the Varangian Guard (there is no confusion of concepts - this is the Guards military unit founded by the troops of Prince Vladimir Vladimir).
    It is clear that when there is no integral picture, you can take the final article of the series for
    fragmentary narrative and confused story
    . After reviewing the sources, works of Vasilyevsky and other materials, as well as the book of your humble servant, I think that such questions would not have arisen.
    VO articles to form a holistic picture, I recommend reading in the following sequence:
    Elite of the Army of the Second Rome part of 1
    The elite of the army of the Second Rome. Part of 2
    Rusy and Varang. Part of 1
    Rusy and Varang. Part of 2
    Serving Empire Romeev. Part of 1
    Serving Empire Romeev. Part of 2
    Forge frames. Star of the Varangian Guard № 1
    Forge frames. Part of 2. "Elegant Bolly" and his comrades
    Guards axes. Armament, equipment, uniforms Varangi. Part of 1
    Hiking cataphracts. Armament, equipment, uniforms Varangi. Part of 2
    "Black raven, watch over me." Armament, equipment, uniforms Varangi. Part of 3
    In the forefront. Battle tactics varangi
    Against an internal enemy. Security and Police Service of the Varangian Guard
    Ax in the hands of the emperor. Battletrack Varangi. Part of 1
    Ax in the hands of the emperor. Battletrack Varangi. Part of 2
    And finally - this is 3-I and the last part of the "Sekira in the hands of the emperor."
    If I missed something or made a mistake, I apologize. Why, perfect work does not exist.
    Thanks again to everyone! hi
    Best regards
    Oleynikov A.V.
    1. Cat
      Cat 24 November 2017 21: 13 New
      17
      Thank you!

      To be honest before your series of articles, “varanga” for me was something amorphous and distant, in which I felt both native and alien Norman and English. Yes, I knew about her exploits, weapons, device and tactics, something more, something less, but her knowledge was chaotic and superficial. Therefore, I admit that your work on the pages of VO just opened my eyes. Now, through your labor, the “guard” - the Second Rome, has personally become close and dear to me, for which I bow to you and thank you!
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 24 November 2017 21: 21 New
        15
        To be honest before your series of articles, “varanga” for me was something amorphous and distant, in which I felt both native and alien Norman and English.

        completely coincides with my opinion, I already spoke on the site. We all at least something, out of the corner of our ears, heard about the “varanga”, but it was casual and ephemeral. The author gave detailed information! hi
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 27 November 2017 11: 32 New
          +2
          I used to mention the author’s books several times, but not in detail. In addition to the book mentioned above, ozon’s website offers books about our homeland.
          1) Elite units of the Red Army in the fire of the Civil War
          2) Unknown pages of the Civil War. Fronts, fortresses, weapons
          3) Successful generals of a forgotten war
          4) The Turkish Front of Russia 1914 --- 1917.
          5) Turkish trap. 100 years later
          6) Russia --- Entente’s shield. With a foreword by Nikolai Starikov
          Some are already on my shelf. For the rest --- saving up money!
          1. Monarchist
            Monarchist 27 November 2017 17: 27 New
            +1
            Which of the above books interested me and I’ll try to download them
  8. Settlement Oparyshev
    Settlement Oparyshev 24 November 2017 17: 18 New
    0
    Do not forget to write how spaceships plow the expanses of the Bolshoi Theater
    1. Mamka pula
      Mamka pula 24 November 2017 17: 42 New
      17
      Oh, how interesting.
      Write please.
      Mikado and I ask you
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 24 November 2017 19: 55 New
        11
        we ask for everything! don't even write, sing, Mr. Oparyshev! fellow
        1. Cat
          Cat 24 November 2017 20: 57 New
          +4
          Nikolai pah, pah - You are a joker, Oparyshev offer this, then do not wave away !!!
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 24 November 2017 21: 02 New
            +3
            tried it! stop Vladislav, you are completely right ... drinks
          2. Mikado
            Mikado 24 November 2017 21: 18 New
            +4
            the entertainer is not me! stop This word is already firmly stuck to Curios. wink drinks
  9. Head Physician
    Head Physician 24 November 2017 18: 44 New
    17
    Thanks to the author for the excellent series.
    We look forward to further
  10. polpot
    polpot 25 November 2017 20: 06 New
    0
    Comparison of Maniac with Suvorov is not correct; times are different and people are very different
    1. BRONEVIK
      BRONEVIK 25 November 2017 20: 33 New
      15
      times are different and people are very different

      Of course - that’s why it’s a comparison
      Because he is "Byzantine"
      1. soldier
        soldier 25 November 2017 20: 35 New
        15
        Yes, but the principles are very similar: "eye, speed, onslaught"
  11. Lieutenant Teterin
    Lieutenant Teterin 27 November 2017 20: 56 New
    +2
    A wonderful series of articles. Varanga is one of the few historical military formations that have covered themselves with well-deserved and justified by the highest fighting qualities immortal glory. To the author - my deepest appreciation for the work done! hi