Military Review

US military aircraft will receive new ejection seats

40
In all US aircraft, except for the new F-35 Lightning II fighter jets, they will replace the ejection seats. This upgrade will be carried out to ensure the safety of pilots, writes Aviation Week.


US military aircraft will receive new ejection seats


Currently, the vast majority of US Air Force aircraft are equipped with ejection seats ACES II, developed by the American company UTC Aerospace Systems. They were developed at the start of the 1990s, and more than ten thousand of these ejection seats have now been released. They are used in F-15 Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-22 Raptor fighters, A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft and B-1B Lancer and B-2 Spirit bombers. And during that time, they saved the lives of 654 pilots. The probability of ejection from these seats - 91,4 percent.

Two companies - UTC Aerospace Systems and British Martin-Baker, which supplies chairs for F-35В fighters, intend to participate in the tender. UTC Aerospace Systems is ready to offer the military an improved ejection seat ACES 5, in which special attention is paid to safety. The chair has a headrest with neck support, which fixes the head during the ejection. The British company also upgraded their seats. They appeared switch with two positions - for ordinary pilots and those who have a body weight less than 68 kilograms. This will save the latter from injuries of the cervical spine.
Photos used:
http://www.globallookpress.com/
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  1. SS68SS
    SS68SS 16 November 2017 16: 28
    +7
    will replace the ejection seats.

    It would be nice if the new seats were triggered (catapulted) when they saw the Russian Aerospace Forces aircraft, or when aiming the aircraft’s armament at a civilian ... These would be what you need. wink
    1. 210ox
      210ox 16 November 2017 16: 46
      +2
      I would like to know the statistics about our chairs. There will be something to compare.
      Quote: SS68SS
      will replace the ejection seats.

      It would be nice if the new seats were triggered (catapulted) when they saw the Russian Aerospace Forces aircraft, or when aiming the aircraft’s armament at a civilian ... These would be what you need. wink
      1. RESEARCHER
        RESEARCHER 16 November 2017 16: 55
        +6
        Our seats are better. As for the old seats, the overload during bailout reached 30g in them. This led to injury to various parts of the spine. Now in this direction we are ahead of the United States.
        Zvezda JSC) is the leading enterprise in Russia in the field of creating integrated systems of individual life support systems for pilots and astronauts and rescuing them in the event of aircraft accidents. Among the developments of the company is a family of unique ejection systems. The ejection seat K-36 was the result of lengthy development, laboratory research and testing. Complete with protective and oxygen equipment, it is a system that surpasses all foreign analogues. The know-how accumulated as a result of the development and its implementation, along with a number of unique engineering solutions, allow this system to save the crew of the aircraft in almost the entire range of altitudes and flight speeds. In this case, the chair provides a "soft bailout", eliminating injuries.
        1. Elephant
          Elephant 16 November 2017 17: 26
          +2
          Consider that we are not ahead of the seats either, because We sell new aircraft, S-400, etc. to anyone. The Americans and their allies, as well as the Chinese, very quickly copy all Russian know-how and immediately put them into production. For some reason, in the Russian Federation this does not work out ...
          1. Felix
            Felix 16 November 2017 17: 38
            +6
            Quote: Elephant
            Consider that we are not ahead of the seats either, because We sell new aircraft, S-400, etc. to anyone. The Americans and their allies, as well as the Chinese, very quickly copy all Russian know-how and immediately put them into production. For some reason, in the Russian Federation this does not work out ...

            Not so simple. If it were possible to achieve the same characteristics with simple mechanical copying, then yes. But there are unique manufacturing methods that protect the eye more and which make the product itself unique.
            1. Going
              Going 16 November 2017 18: 03
              12
              Quote: Elephant
              Consider that we are not ahead of the seats either, because We sell new aircraft, S-400, etc. to anyone. The Americans and their allies, as well as the Chinese, very quickly copy all Russian know-how and immediately put them into production. For some reason, in the Russian Federation this does not work out ...


              We sell export options and they are very different from our domestic ones.
        2. NIKNN
          NIKNN 16 November 2017 18: 13
          +1
          Quote: RESEARCHER
          o overload during ejection reached 30g in them.

          Where does the data come from? Overload on bailout 18g? when practicing bailouts at the training complex 12g.
          1. NN52
            NN52 16 November 2017 20: 51
            +7
            Think before you write ...

            To 36 DM series 2 peak 21.
            On NCTL MAX 3 ... But also unpleasant ...
            1. Pete mitchell
              Pete mitchell 16 November 2017 22: 46
              +5
              Maybe on NTL and 3, but before the training was 8g or 12, not boring once a year.
            2. NIKNN
              NIKNN 17 November 2017 12: 24
              +1
              Quote: NN52
              Think before you write ...

              Everyone needs to think ...
              1. For KM-1M seats and the like, overload during ejection depended on the mass of the pilot and the acceleration created by the squib, which led to a spread of overloads within 18-20 units. depending on the weight of the pilot with equipment.
              2. With regards to K = 36DM.
              The ejection chair K-36DM series 2 serves as a workplace
              pilot and means of emergency escape from the aircraft;
              low.
              An ejection seat provides pilot rescue in a wide
              range of speeds and altitudes of the aircraft, including take-off, mode
              H = 0 and V = 0 and is used in combination with protective equipment
              The main technical data of the chair:
              - mass, kg ……………………………………………………………….… .142,5
              - maximum speed of safe bailout, km / h ... ... ..1400
              - minimum safe bailout speed, km / h ... ... ..75
              - height range of safe bailouts, m .. .......... 0 ... 25000
              - initial bailout speed, m / s ……………………… 13,6
              - maximum load in the “head-pelvis” direction ……………… ..20 which also depends on the weight of the pilot in equipment.
              - the duration of the maximum overload, s ............ ........ ... 0,12 ... 0,15

              Further, when the powder engine is running, the overload does not exceed 15-16 units.
              For K-36D-3,5 seats, additional regulation is introduced by choosing one of the three modes of operation of the energy sensor,
              depending on the mass of the pilot in equipment.
              At an aircraft speed of more than 850 km / h,
              the established operating mode of the solid propellant rocket motor is corrected automatically
              depending on overload.
              3. I don’t remember the NCTL and the data in my head didn’t just arise (it seems I should train at half the working overload), in my opinion there are even different squibs, and there is something left on the 12 unit marking ... hi
            3. NIKNN
              NIKNN 17 November 2017 12: 49
              +1
              Quote: NN52
              On NCTL MAX 3 ... But also unpleasant ...

              NCTL 29-39 there were 2 squibs 8 and 12 g. What you are talking about is that there is a pneumatic throwing system, as they are called, and the characteristics are not known to me. hi
              1. NN52
                NN52 17 November 2017 15: 55
                +8
                In all the regiments where I served, there was a pneumatic tossing simulator, here you are right. But it just works off the actions ... A small throw somewhere around 20-30 cm.
                Compact simulator.
                At the NCTL, the simulator was at the school and when they sent (as a young lieutenant) to the survival center in Khabarovsk for two weeks in 94.
                The usual ass on the ass with a shovel .. no more ..
                You must imagine what 12, and even 8 units are .. Let them, albeit briefly.
                In Khabar, we were told about 3 units.
                I don’t remember in Armavir.
                1. Pete mitchell
                  Pete mitchell 17 November 2017 16: 08
                  +5
                  Quote: NN52
                  I don’t remember in Armavir.

                  In the Armavir regiment there was a simulator with squibs of 8 or 12 g
                  1. NN52
                    NN52 17 November 2017 16: 40
                    +8
                    What year?
                    1. Pete mitchell
                      Pete mitchell 17 November 2017 22: 49
                      +5
                      Probably a long time ago, I'm from the "gold" issue soldier
                      1. NN52
                        NN52 17 November 2017 23: 25
                        +8
                        91?
                        I am 93. Khan's MLD
      2. Pete mitchell
        Pete mitchell 16 November 2017 22: 55
        +5
        Quote: 210ox
        I would like to know the statistics about our chairs. There will be something to compare.

        After bailing out Kvochur in '99 in front of the venerable public La Bourget, the Star asked: who guarantees? To the honor of the bourgeoisie no one fit ..
  2. Thrall
    Thrall 16 November 2017 16: 29
    +3
    two-position switch - for ordinary pilots and those with a body weight of less than 68 kilograms

    If you weigh less than 68 kg - you're an unusual pilot smile
    1. iliitchitch
      iliitchitch 16 November 2017 16: 40
      +1
      Quote: Thrall
      If you weigh less than 68 kg - you're an unusual pilot

      But I wonder how the switch eliminates injuries?
      1. Thrall
        Thrall 16 November 2017 16: 46
        +5
        I think for the "fat men" a more powerful catapult mode is triggered than for the "slim"
        1. san4es
          san4es 16 November 2017 18: 32
          +2
          Quote: Thrall
          I think for the "fat men" a more powerful catapult mode is triggered than for the "slim"

          hi bully
    2. Angel_and_Demon
      Angel_and_Demon 16 November 2017 16: 41
      +6
      Quote: Thrall
      If you weigh less than 68 kg - you're an unusual pilot

      penguins also want to fly - they have a dream, but in the west dreams come true, oh - come true laughing
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 16 November 2017 17: 30
      +2
      In the Far East there are many such low. Japan, Korea.
  3. Sergey53
    Sergey53 16 November 2017 16: 35
    +2
    Correctly. The main thing on the plane is a good ejection seat. But if we meet with ours, then nothing but him will help. Well done Yankees.
  4. rruvim
    rruvim 16 November 2017 16: 45
    0
    "... for ordinary pilots and those with a body weight of less than 68 kg." The Chinese will be planted, or until the last Usaugend?
  5. NEXUS
    NEXUS 16 November 2017 16: 51
    +5
    Nothing has been invented better than our K-36DM catapults yet ... you can eject from zero altitude and survive, which has been shown more than once.
    1. Thrall
      Thrall 16 November 2017 16: 53
      +3
      100% survival in flight simulators only ...
  6. Simon
    Simon 16 November 2017 17: 27
    +1
    Apparently getting ready for a war with us - you won’t get away from our pilots and missiles, you can eject in time! wassat
  7. win
    win 16 November 2017 17: 29
    +2
    UTC Aerospace Systems is ready to offer the military
    super advanced ejection seat ACES 5 with the letter US.
    Completely open, without Velcro and sides. Fixation is provided by breathable panties that repeat the anatomical shape of the body (for those suffering from enuresis, but leading an active lifestyle).
    Open half, without sides, but with a durable elastic waistband. The advantage of such seats for pilots is that the skin on the hips breathes. fellow wassat
  8. Political Department-M
    Political Department-M 16 November 2017 17: 48
    +2
    in addition to the new F-35 Lightning II fighters, they will replace ejection seats

    These are supposedly not confusing ..? hehe check
  9. Kleber
    Kleber 16 November 2017 18: 00
    +2
    to date, more than ten thousand such ejection seats have already been produced. And during this time they saved the life of 654 pilots. The probability of bailout in these seats is 91,4 percent.


    A non-acidic percentage of crashed planes is obtained.
  10. Achtaba1970
    Achtaba1970 16 November 2017 19: 40
    +1
    I read about the modification of the K-36 on the Yak-38. There the bailout was carried out automatically, at least on takeoff and landing. Automation tracked a bunch of parameters and, if necessary, ejected, because the pilot does not have time to accept, you need to understand that the plane crashes and cannot be pulled out, then decide to eject, pull the ejection handles, + the response time of the ejection itself. From the article, I realized that we had practically no deaths during the bailout, and the British pilots on the “Harriers” refused such a system and practically no one could survive during the bailout on takeoff and landing.
    1. Ace Tambourine
      Ace Tambourine 16 November 2017 20: 40
      0
      On the Yak, the rescue algorithm worked regardless of the pilot .. one of the known cases when the Yak started circling around the vertical axis, but was manageable, the system itself decided and threw the pilot out ... And the control algorithm takes into account the position of the aircraft in space, and spreads its seats along the most secure trajectory ...
      I had a client, a developer and a tester of this system, we tested it on myself .. Died a month ago before the 70th anniversary ... Health was already zero ..
    2. NN52
      NN52 16 November 2017 21: 18
      +7
      Akhtuba ..
      With such a nickname and such write ...
      Automation worked only with a roll of 15 degrees.

      And Ace even anneals ...
      1. Ace Tambourine
        Ace Tambourine 16 November 2017 21: 32
        0
        I don’t anneal ... I sell for what I bought ...
  11. Doliva63
    Doliva63 16 November 2017 19: 49
    +6
    Quote: NIKNN
    when practicing bailouts at the training complex 12g.

    In my opinion, even 8 set.
    1. NN52
      NN52 16 November 2017 20: 58
      +7
      And you there too ...
      Do not write nonsense, pzhl ...
      On the NTL, the simulator was once a year, as well as two parachute jumps //
      Sensation during exercise, like a shovel in the ass, nothing more ..
      1. Doliva63
        Doliva63 17 November 2017 19: 06
        +6
        Your ass is strong, however! laughing As far as I remember, the range of squibs was still 8 - 12. Maybe their nomenclature was wider, I don’t remember already, but in training these were put.
        1. NN52
          NN52 17 November 2017 21: 48
          +8
          Humor and myself love laughing
          And to argue is useless, and indeed to nothing ...
          Aji Kabul, Tikhoretsk, Maykop 93. HABACUL


          It was not 8-12 hi
  12. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 17 November 2017 19: 56
    0
    But the most important thing in these new ejection seats is the hole in the bottom of the seat in case of an unexpected encounter with the enemy.