Military Review

Secretary General of the “Golden Age” of Socialism

48
Perhaps the years when he was Secretary General can be called the most good for our country and its citizens. These were truly golden years. There were no extremes inherent in the initial period of building socialism. And the development was: mass construction of housing and enterprises, population growth. Decent work for most - was. Sense of security - was. In the international arena, the Soviet Union had enormous prestige in those years. Thanks to this authority, the chaos that the United States and its Western allies are doing now in the world could not even be imagined in the most terrible fantasies.




10 November marked the 35 anniversary of the death of Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev. He was 75 years old. Not everyone in the USSR appreciated the gains of socialism, including the one that was achieved under Brezhnev. The people went low-grade jokes, in which, for example, ridiculed the diction of the General Secretary, his illness and even thick eyebrows. No one then knew that after 10 November 1982, the country will begin negative processes that will lead to the death of a huge and powerful state, which gave people unprecedented stability and security. Just by that time, citizens had already begun to get used to the gains of the socialist system and take them for granted, while wanting more. Indeed, there was something to work on, but is it really necessary to destroy the whole house where you need to seal the gaps and glue the wallpaper?

... Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was born in a family of hereditary workers 6 (19) December 1906, in the Yekaterinoslav province, the village of Kamensky. Now it is - a city in the Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine. However, there is another version of his date of birth - December 19 old style or January 1 1907 of the year - a new one.

In 1921, he graduated from a classical gymnasium. After that, he moved to Kursk, got a job at the Kursk Creamery. In 1923 enrolled at the Kursk Land Reclamation and Reclamation College. Then - joined the Komsomol.

In the 1927 year of Brezhnev, he graduated from the technical school and was soon sent to the Urals. He worked as a surveyor, land surveyor, rose to the position of deputy head of the Ural Regional Land Administration. In 1930, I went to Moscow to get a higher education. Entered the Moscow Institute of Agricultural Engineering. Kalinin, however, already in 1931, he moved to Dneprodzerzhinsk. He worked as a mechanic at the Dneprovsky Metallurgical Plant, continuing his studies at the evening department of the Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Institute. October 24 1931 of the year joined the party.

In 1935, Leonid Ilyich enlisted in the army - was first a cadet, and then a political instructor tank companies in the village of Peschanka near Chita. At the same time he studied at the courses of motorization and mechanization. There he received the rank of lieutenant.

Career young man progressed successfully. In 1936, he returned to Dneprodzerzhinsk, headed the metallurgical college, then became an engineer at the Dneprovsky metallurgical plant. In February 1939, Brezhnev becomes the third secretary of the regional party committee.

When the Great Patriotic War began, Brezhnev became first deputy head of the political department of the Black Sea group of troops of the North Caucasian Front, then head of the political department of the 18 army, and from 1943 - deputy head of the Southern Front. At the beginning of 1942, he received the first Order of the Red Banner - for participation in the Barvenkovo-Lozova operation in the Kharkiv region. In 1943, he took part in the battles for Novorossiysk. He often visited the Malaya Zemlya beachhead, about which he would later write a famous book. Then there will be a lot of bullying on the topic, he or not he wrote this book, on this basis there will be attempts to diminish the feat of the landing on the Little Earth, although on the other hand, songs will be added about it.

It was during his visit to the very Lesser Land that Leonid Ilyich was seriously wounded, which subsequently would greatly affect his health. He was on seiner who hit a mine. Unfortunately, no matter how blasphemous it sounds, even ill-wishers were often mocked even over this wound and its consequences ...

24 June 1945, Leonid Ilyich took a deserved part in the parade of winners on Red Square in Moscow.

After the war, Brezhnev was sent to Zaporozhye, where he was engaged in the restoration of destroyed enterprises. In 1947, he headed the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Committee. At this post - took an active part in the restoration of the city. In 1950, he became the first secretary of the Central Committee of the party in Moldova, and in 1952 he was elected to the Central Committee.

After the death of Stalin, Leonid Ilyich experienced a difficult period when he was dismissed from his post. However, in 1954, he was sent to Kazakhstan, where, as secretary of the Central Committee, he led the development of virgin lands and was engaged in preparing the construction of the Baikonur cosmodrome.

Then his career went up again. In 1957, he became a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU; in May 1960, he headed the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In June, 1963 of the year became secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

October 14 1964, after Khrushchev’s dismissal (in which Brezhnev took part) The Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU chose Leonid Ilyich First Secretary.

His first five-year plan - from 1966 to 1970 years - was not without reason called “golden”. Even ill-wishers of the Soviet system — and they are forced to admit the obvious: the standard of living of citizens in those years grew steadily.

Grew and authority of the USSR in the international arena. Western intelligence agencies have repeatedly challenged the socialist system - trying to organize "velvet revolutions" in the countries - participants of the Warsaw Pact. It was necessary to take measures to prevent such scenarios. Although formally, it seems, the United States sought to warm relations. In May, US President Richard Nixon visited the USSR 1972, soon after that Brezhnev visited the USA. The heads of state signed a number of treaties. But this did not mean a real warming of relations. The discharge between the West and the USSR was only temporary - Washington and its NATO allies still sought only the complete destruction of the Soviet Union ... The Cold War continued - flare up conflicts outside the USSR, to which Moscow had to somehow react.

Many condemn Brezhnev for "drawing the country into the Afghan war," while trying to ignore the role of the United States in this war. However, this intervention was typical for the USSR support of allies who asked for help.

The West responded to the introduction of Soviet troops in Afghanistan with sanctions. We see this process even now, when we are being avenged for supporting Syria. This revenge manifests itself in everything - starting with the rupture of economic relations, ending with dirty manipulations in international sports. Against the USSR, however, it was impossible to act so brazenly. In 1980, in Moscow, despite the boycotts of some countries, the Olympics took place. The USSR team won a victory on it.

Unfortunately, the health status of the Secretary-General has worsened. Especially - after the incident in Tashkent 23 March 1982 of the year. When Leonid Ilyich visited the aircraft factory, the footbridge fell on him. He got a broken collarbone. He was persuaded to stop the trip and immediately go to Moscow for treatment. However, he refused, not wanting to disrupt the planned performance in Tashkent. It says a lot about his image and character.

And just a few days before his death, 7 November 1982, Brezhnev, as usual, stood on the podium of the Mausoleum, taking the parade on Red Square.

The life of Leonid Ilyich was bright, fruitful and - in spite of everything - worthy. Even his enemies, who find he has a lot of flaws, agreed, however, that he was a good man. The period of his reign was called “stagnation,” but it was not yet possible to repeat those achievements, let alone surpass them. No wonder, when in April 2013 of the year, a survey was conducted by Levada Center about who was the best leader of the country, Brezhnev won the first place. The worst were Yeltsin and Gorbachev ...

And it’s not for nothing that the Golden Age of Socialism is still remembered with nostalgia by many ... And it’s not for nothing that there is something common among ordinary people that is somewhat vernacular, but on the whole it’s a true expression: “I lived and gave life to others”.

Secretary General of the “Golden Age” of Socialism






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  1. moskowit
    moskowit 11 November 2017 09: 26
    26
    The highest peak of the development of the State! The most effective system of public education, a high level of medical care for the population, decent retirement benefits, the development and implementation of social programs, and as a crown to all, genuine People’s Power !!!
    Those in power are just waiting for our generation to go to another world ... For them, we are living witnesses to the standard of living, never more inaccessible in the next time! We have something to compare! And the comparison is clearly not in favor of how the People are forced to live in the current conditions ....
    1. soldier
      soldier 11 November 2017 17: 25
      19
      An effective public education system, a high level of medical care for the population, decent retirement benefits, development and implementation of social programs

      Undoubtedly
      You can add about nuclear missile parity from the United States, the ocean fleet, etc.
    2. verner1967
      verner1967 11 November 2017 19: 42
      +2
      Quote: moskowit
      Those in power are only waiting for our generation to go into another world ...

      these powerful people were brought up in the era of Brezhnev, and
      among ordinary people there is such a somewhat vernacular, but generally true expression: "He himself lived and gave others to live."
      usually they say so about dishonest leaders who themselves drag and do not forbid others to drag. Now we have what we have ....
  2. sevtrash
    sevtrash 11 November 2017 10: 25
    +6
    Empty article, shortened - emasculated statement of biography.
  3. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 11 November 2017 10: 44
    12
    Quote: moskowit
    The highest peak of the development of the State! The most effective system of public education, a high level of medical care for the population, decent retirement benefits, the development and implementation of social programs, and as a crown to all, genuine People’s Power !!!
    Those in power are just waiting for our generation to go to another world ... For them, we are living witnesses to the standard of living, never more inaccessible in the next time! We have something to compare! And the comparison is clearly not in favor of how the People are forced to live in the current conditions ....

    Well, if you take what happened before his reign, and what happened after him, then yes. These were the best years of building a society in the country. But at the same time the most vile. It was then that lawlessness of permissiveness, corruption, and the desire to get rich began to arise at the top It was then after his death that wild capitalism began to arise, which ended in the death of the state.
    1. chenia
      chenia 11 November 2017 11: 48
      +9
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      . But at the same time the most vile. It was then that lawlessness of permissiveness, corruption, and the desire to get rich without hiding began to arise at the top.


      I agree. He would have gone after Helsinki in 1975 (it seems like he wanted to), today monuments of gold were set as the best ruler of the Russian Land. And so in his last years, decay went wild.
      1. SERGUS
        SERGUS 11 November 2017 15: 16
        +1
        Quote: chenia
        I agree. He would have to leave after Helsinki in 1975 (sort of like he wanted to)

        Well, yes, the fact that he did not leave on time is his only minus, and he (minus) is very huge.
        1. Whispering in the night
          Whispering in the night 11 November 2017 16: 53
          +2
          Quote: SERGUS
          Quote: chenia
          I agree. He would have to leave after Helsinki in 1975 (sort of like he wanted to)

          Well, yes, the fact that he did not leave on time is his only minus, and he (minus) is very huge.

          Its main minus is Afghanistan ...
          1. SERGUS
            SERGUS 13 November 2017 12: 35
            0
            Quote: Whispering in the night
            Its main minus is Afghanistan ...

            Afghanistan is 1979, in those years Brezhnev was often passive in making decisions, so I repeat, Brezhnev left on time, including Afghanistan, there might not have been.
    2. creak
      creak 11 November 2017 14: 46
      +5
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      But at the same time the most vile. It was then that lawlessness of permissiveness, corruption, and the desire to get rich without hiding began to arise at the top

      It was then that the saying "Carry every nail from work, you are the boss, not the guest." And they were bashfully called "nesunami" ... And over loud slogans from high tribunes they openly laughed ...
      Our perception of history is either black and solid negativity, or white and everything is superlatively and praises, no half-tones and nothing else from the color spectrum. A kind of historical color blindness ...
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 11 November 2017 10: 48
    15
    I recall a joke of that time: The Politburo meeting discussed the funeral of Leonid Brezhnev. Leonid Ilyich how to bury you? Of course, in the Mausoleum, only in the coffin should I lie face down ... Uh ... why? And after my death, you will kiss me on the ephedron ... It seems to be a tough joke, but in reality time has put everything in its place ... I remember the 70s with warmth ...
    1. The comment was deleted.
  5. Karen
    Karen 11 November 2017 11: 02
    +1
    If we could also cut off the negative manifestations in life during the years of his reign, we would really have communism ...
    Nobody knows, is there a version that he is Gagauz by origin?
    1. avt
      avt 11 November 2017 11: 39
      +2
      Quote: Karen
      Nobody knows, is there a version that he is Gagauz by origin?

      Wai ime! What kind of
      Quote: Karen
      gagauz

      Why did you say that !? He beat the Armenian! wassat The cheerful guy was Ilyich No. 2, if he had not got hooked on the wheels, then who knows, maybe he would pick up a receiver like Masherov, well, for example, Romanov would have been promoted.
      1. Karen
        Karen 11 November 2017 12: 06
        +4
        Quote: avt
        Quote: Karen
        Nobody knows, is there a version that he is Gagauz by origin?

        Wai ime! What kind of
        Quote: Karen
        gagauz

        Why did you say that !? He beat the Armenian! wassat The cheerful guy was Ilyich No. 2, if he had not got hooked on the wheels, then who knows, maybe he would pick up a receiver like Masherov, well, for example, Romanov would have been promoted.

        This is the case when thinking with your head can be harmful - you can blurt out the wrong ...
        Well, Gagauz, so maybe Gagauz, what will it disappear?
        And the fact that he was "poisoned" with drugs was not due to his whim. So they just used it ... Before that, he could spend hours reading poetry at banquets ...
        1. Serg65
          Serg65 11 November 2017 12: 22
          +4
          Quote: Karen
          And the fact that he was "poisoned" with drugs was not due to his whim

          Everything is much simpler, my dear friend, Leonid Ilyich suffered from insomnia, many Stalin's officials suffered from this ailment. Regarding the ill-fated tablets, the story is not so clear.
      2. Serg65
        Serg65 11 November 2017 12: 17
        +5
        Greetings White Shark hi !
        Quote: avt
        maybe the receiver would pick up type Masherov

        I picked up the receiver Ilyich2 for a long time, but Yuri Vladimirovich was dissatisfied with the candidacy of Vladimir Vasilyevich bully
        1. avt
          avt 11 November 2017 14: 23
          +1
          Quote: Serg65
          I picked up the receiver Ilyich2 for a long time,

          hi No. A long argument will turn out. I didn’t pick it up.
          1. Serg65
            Serg65 11 November 2017 14: 34
            +5
            Quote: avt
            I didn’t pick it up.

            laughing And he was given the opportunity to pick up? Not for that Yuri Vladimirovich days and nights for the socialist Motherland sweat shed so that Leonid Ilyich picked someone lol
            About Shcherbitsky, the General Secretary has already stuttered twice, but what's the point?
      3. verner1967
        verner1967 11 November 2017 19: 03
        +2
        Quote: avt
        Well, for example, Romanov would have promoted.

        Yes? Romanova? !!! Is this the one who celebrated the offspring of his wedding in Zimny ​​by hammering a bunch of historical dishes? The representative of the nascent oligarchy
        1. Alexander Greene
          Alexander Greene 12 November 2017 14: 27
          0
          Quote: verner1967
          Yes? Romanova? !!! Is this the one who celebrated the offspring of his wedding in Zimny ​​by hammering a bunch of historical dishes? The representative of the nascent oligarchy

          It was an ordinary “duck” launched by those who promoted Gorbachev.
          1. verner1967
            verner1967 12 November 2017 19: 29
            +1
            Quote: Alexander Green
            It was an ordinary “duck” launched by those who promoted Gorbachev.

            I heard about it under Brezhnev
          2. Yura Yakovlev
            Yura Yakovlev 13 November 2017 08: 10
            +4
            There is no smoke without fire. He took royal sets in the Winter Palace for the wedding of his son. The only decent person in this pack was Masherov, and that one was removed.
  6. San Sanych
    San Sanych 11 November 2017 11: 50
    +7
    In the first half of the reign of L.I. Brezhnev, until about the mid-seventies the country really developed dynamically, and the standard of living was rising, this is a fact.
  7. Cartalon
    Cartalon 11 November 2017 11: 59
    +2
    I’m at least for a kill, I don’t understand why, in more than 70 years, try to manage something for what? Sit at the dacha to catch fish, was it really that the Politburo was afraid that if they retire immediately they’ll put them on prison.
    1. San Sanych
      San Sanych 11 November 2017 12: 19
      +1
      In China, no more than 2 terms, 10 years, hold the post of top management. Perhaps this is not casual. But in world history there were happy exceptions, rarely, but there were.
      1. Cartalon
        Cartalon 11 November 2017 12: 30
        +3
        The current secretary general has already desired to be the emperor of heaven, so this is history.
        1. San Sanych
          San Sanych 11 November 2017 12: 54
          +1
          Roosevelt Delano Franklin was elected four times, so to speak force majeure, or in Russian, the horses at the crossing do not change, and as for China, it is not a fact that Comrade X will be in power for more than two terms.
    2. SERGUS
      SERGUS 11 November 2017 15: 19
      +3
      Quote: Cartalon
      Sit at the dacha to catch fish, was it really that the Politburo was afraid that if they retire immediately they’ll put them on prison.

      Well, our people are afraid that if Putin is not the president, the end of Russia will come.
  8. Yura Yakovlev
    Yura Yakovlev 11 November 2017 12: 03
    +5
    The golden age of socialism must not be connected with L.I. Brezhnev, and with N.A. Kosygin, or rather, with his economic reform of 1965-1970
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 11 November 2017 12: 24
      +4
      Quote: Yura Yakovlev
      The golden age of socialism must not be connected with L.I. Brezhnev, and with N.A. Kosygin

      Comrade Kosygin was just the father of the collapse of the USSR lol
  9. nnz226
    nnz226 11 November 2017 12: 28
    +7
    I doubt very much about the "golden age" of socialism !!! Lived, watched! The city of Rybinsk (Yaroslavl region) - this is where NPO Saturn is now, but earlier in a simple way: the "twentieth" plant. 1964 went to the 1 class for a year and already, as a literate man, we sent to the store for groceries (there wasn’t any meat then) but the butter in large packages was already in 4 sorts: chocolate - 3,40 rub / kg, salty cream - 3,50 rub / kg, cream - 3,60 rub / kg, and Vologda (present !!!) - 3,80 rub / kg. and cheese 3 - 4 varieties. Gone are the "wonderful school days" the 1974 year has come. And hell, not butter was in the same store! And cheese, too, was gone, from the word "completely." For fellow countrymen: the store was in the 2-story building on the corner of st. Z. Kosmodemyanskoy and O. Koshevy (which goes to secondary school No. 43), opposite the 12 post office.
    1. Cartalon
      Cartalon 11 November 2017 12: 41
      +4
      I don’t remember what was in the shops under Brezhnev for a few years, the first memories of the 80s, but adults thought that the city was great in Leningrad, and in Moscow it’s luxurious fellow
    2. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 11 November 2017 14: 30
      +2
      Quote: nnz226
      I doubt very much about the "golden age" of socialism !!! Lived, watched! The city of Rybinsk (Yaroslavl region) - this is where NPO Saturn is now, but earlier in a simple way: the "twentieth" plant. 1964 went to the 1 class for a year and already, as a literate man, we sent to the store for groceries (there wasn’t any meat then) but the butter in large packages was already in 4 sorts: chocolate - 3,40 rub / kg, salty cream - 3,50 rub / kg, cream - 3,60 rub / kg, and Vologda (present !!!) - 3,80 rub / kg. and cheese 3 - 4 varieties. Gone are the "wonderful school days" the 1974 year has come. And hell, not butter was in the same store! And cheese, too, was gone, from the word "completely." For fellow countrymen: the store was in the 2-story building on the corner of st. Z. Kosmodemyanskoy and O. Koshevy (which goes to secondary school No. 43), opposite the 12 post office.

      Do you remember Soviet chocolate sausage? A delicacy of childhood. :))
      Now I found her only in the Shinok restaurant on Krasnaya Presnya in Moscow ...
    3. Yura Yakovlev
      Yura Yakovlev 11 November 2017 16: 42
      +6
      You missed the most interesting because you have not yet gone to school. Oil cost 2,40 rubles, and it became 3,60, draft milk 12 kopecks per liter, and it became 24 kopecks. All sausage and meat also rose 1,5-2 times. And even earlier, huge lines for white bread and black bread with the addition of corn. The removal from power of a maize (NS Khrushchev) in such conditions was already like a “golden age” for people. But you recall only the prices in stores, and not about the reforms that were actually carried out. In the management of the State, they passed from economic councils to ministries. The enterprises were given economic independence, transferred to cost accounting. Of the six-day work week, they made a five-day week. Wages actually increased, and even began to receive the thirteenth according to the results of work for the year. Factories and factories began to build housing for their workers, houses of culture, hospitals and clinics. Today we can only dream of it. But in agriculture it was the opposite. The management of collective farms and state farms was under the heel of the district committees, which, moreover, did not understand anything about this. The enlargement of farms and land reclamation completely ruined agriculture. Against the backdrop of industrial successes, the rural population massively sought to the city.
    4. Doliva63
      Doliva63 11 November 2017 17: 29
      +7
      Until the early 80s, everything was in stores. That is, in general. Let not in such a variety as in the early 70's, but still. Let’s say, the Germans from Germany did not dream of buying it at these prices. Even in the late 80s, a German from Germany for a broken Fiat asked for a bottle of champagne and a can of black caviar. Across the road from the checkpoint it was in bulk laughing
      1. Whispering in the night
        Whispering in the night 11 November 2017 19: 07
        +3
        Quote: Doliva63
        Until the early 80s, everything was in stores. That is, in general.

        Not true. For example, Ryazan, Vladimir, Tula and other nearby electric trains by the mid-70s (and maybe earlier, just do not know) smelled completely of Moscow sausage ..
      2. verner1967
        verner1967 11 November 2017 19: 37
        +3
        Quote: Doliva63
        Until the early 80s, everything was in stores. That is, in general.

        are you writing about the GDR? Yes, there was everything. In the USSR, everything was not for everyone and not everywhere.
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 11 November 2017 20: 02
          +1
          Quote: verner1967
          Quote: Doliva63
          Until the early 80s, everything was in stores. That is, in general.

          are you writing about the GDR? Yes, there was everything. In the USSR, everything was not for everyone and not everywhere.

          And in Hungary there was everything. Nevertheless, with the GDR heaps tried to escape to Germany.
  10. Curious
    Curious 11 November 2017 12: 43
    +5
    "After the war, Brezhnev was sent to Zaporozhye, where he was engaged in the restoration of the destroyed enterprises"
    From the fall of 1946 to the spring of 1947. Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev worked as the first secretary of the Zaporizhzhya regional party committee.

    And these are the "apartments" in which Leonid Ilyich lived in Zaporozhye. The house was built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and belonged to Justice of the Peace Schipillo-Polessky - a Pole by nationality, a Catholic - by religion. At that time, there was no Catholic church in Zaporozhye, a Catholic priest came to visit Schipillo-Poleski from Poland, and all Catholic rites were performed in this house, and believing Catholics were accepted for confession. The house stands now. "Dear Ilyich" went to work on foot, since it was about 10 minutes to go, no more.
  11. midshipman
    midshipman 11 November 2017 13: 43
    +8
    Thanks Elena for the article.
    When L.I. Brezhnev, I became Ch. Designer at NII-33 ViVTS. Then Deputy. The head of this research institute, doctor of technical sciences, professor. Was at a hot spot (Egypt). Then, by decision of the Government, he headed the 6th Main Directorate of the MCI of the USSR. From 1978 to 1988, he introduced 6 new enterprises and research institutes in the country (there were 45 enterprises in my subordination, where more than 250 thousand specialists worked). Many enterprises disappeared in the 90s and are only now being reborn.
    Therefore, I personally respect this person. I have the honor
  12. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 11 November 2017 14: 25
    +2
    He headed Moldova from 50 to 52.
    He planted the USSR on an oil needle, as a result of which the technical boom of the 70s was thrashed. and went bankrupt in the late 80s. The Afghan war, of course, help the allies - they banged an Afghan friend and put another in his place.
    Brezhnev shook the foundation of the house, which subsequently fell apart.
  13. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 11 November 2017 15: 28
    0
    Quote: ranger
    Quote: Mar. Tira
    But at the same time the most vile. It was then that lawlessness of permissiveness, corruption, and the desire to get rich without hiding began to arise at the top

    It was then that the saying "Carry every nail from work, you are the boss, not the guest." And they were bashfully called "nesunami" ... And over loud slogans from high tribunes they openly laughed ...
    Our perception of history is either black and solid negativity, or white and everything is superlatively and praises, no half-tones and nothing else from the color spectrum. A kind of historical color blindness ...

    There is nothing to be done, the Russians have such a characteristic feature-fatalism!
  14. Yura Yakovlev
    Yura Yakovlev 11 November 2017 17: 02
    +6
    Quote: Krasnodar
    He planted the USSR on an oil needle, as a result of which the technical boom of the 70s was thrashed. and went bankrupt in the late 80s.


    Before saying this, one must remember that budget revenues from oil and gas under Brezhnev were only 5%.
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 11 November 2017 19: 58
      0
      Quote: Yura Yakovlev
      Quote: Krasnodar
      He planted the USSR on an oil needle, as a result of which the technical boom of the 70s was thrashed. and went bankrupt in the late 80s.


      Before saying this, one must remember that budget revenues from oil and gas under Brezhnev were only 5%.

      Maybe, but after 1974, when oil went up as a result of the Arab embargo, the lion's share of the funds went to the exploration and development of new fields.
  15. Doliva63
    Doliva63 11 November 2017 17: 08
    +6
    He was a good man, worthy, but, damn it, a soldier, a performer. It was necessary to go further, and he settled down what was available. In fact, everything failed, like Khrushchev.
  16. TOR2
    TOR2 11 November 2017 17: 17
    +6
    The period of his reign was called "stagnation", but so far failed to repeat those achievements, not to mention surpassing.
    What are the achievements? If you leave the cosmos alone and look at the sphere that everyone faces every day. Pharmaceuticals, light industry, civilian microelectronics or automobile manufacturing can. There is at least one civilian industry in which there would be walking parity with the West. For some reason, the list of scarce goods has been increasing every year, rather than decreasing. I think people younger will be interested to know that a product like mayonnaise was in short supply. If he appeared where, then he immediately lined up.
    And how much money was invested in countries that promised to embark on the socialist path of development instead of improving the lives of their people.
    Not without reason, when in April 2013 a survey of the Levada Center was held on the topic of who was the best leader of the country, Brezhnev took first place. The worst were Yeltsin and Gorbachev ...

    There is a saying: "the teacher is famous for his students." EBN, “labeled cattle”, Kravchuk, activist-Komsomol member Dahl. What prospects did the USSR generally have with such followers?
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 11 November 2017 19: 59
      +1
      Quote: TOR2
      The period of his reign was called "stagnation", but so far failed to repeat those achievements, not to mention surpassing.
      What are the achievements? If you leave the cosmos alone and look at the sphere that everyone faces every day. Pharmaceuticals, light industry, civilian microelectronics or automobile manufacturing can. There is at least one civilian industry in which there would be walking parity with the West. For some reason, the list of scarce goods has been increasing every year, rather than decreasing. I think people younger will be interested to know that a product like mayonnaise was in short supply. If he appeared where, then he immediately lined up.
      And how much money was invested in countries that promised to embark on the socialist path of development instead of improving the lives of their people.
      Not without reason, when in April 2013 a survey of the Levada Center was held on the topic of who was the best leader of the country, Brezhnev took first place. The worst were Yeltsin and Gorbachev ...

      There is a saying: "the teacher is famous for his students." EBN, “labeled cattle”, Kravchuk, activist-Komsomol member Dahl. What prospects did the USSR generally have with such followers?

      And the lines for toilet paper? Hard as sandpaper
  17. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 12 November 2017 16: 18
    0
    An intelligent man threw an interesting little idea to Brezhnev:
    Druzhba oil pipeline, which supplied oil from Western Siberia
    in the socialist countries of eastern Europe ... stretch a little more. To Hamburg. They did it quietly.
    And then such a card tumbled down for the USSR. Solid Aces.
    The capitalists paid in foreign currency without delaying payments. And the price of oil jumped at times in 1973.
    And the standard of living in the USSR began to grow and grow. Even a wild arms race
    I could not completely stop this process. Brezhnev stagnation bloomed and smelled.
    But nothing lasts forever. Brezhnev is dead. Oil prices collapsed in the late 80s.
    Afghan war, forced construction of the navy undermined the budget ... And ...