Military Review

"Battle icebreaker" of the Russian fleet: ship project 23550

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The universal patrol ship of the Arctic zone of the ice class of the 23550 project was developed by the specialists of the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau. It is a project of fundamentally new ships combining the qualities of an icebreaker, tugboat and patrol ship. The ship can be used in all navigation areas, from the Arctic to the tropical seas, while it is able to overcome the ice thickness to 1,5 meters. Currently, the construction of two ships of this type is planned, the first of them, "Ivan Papanin", has already been laid and is being built at the "Admiralty Shipyards".


As the general director of the Admiralty Shipyards, Alexander Buzakov, told RIA journalistsNews”, The first multipurpose ice-class patrol ship“ Ivan Papanin ”will be launched in the 2019 year, the transfer of the ship to the customer (Russian Navy) is planned for the 2020 year. Buzakov also told reporters that the laying of the second ship of the “Nikolai Zubkov” series of the same 23550 project is likely to take place in the 2019 year, the ship’s deadline is the 2022 year. The contract for the construction of a series of two patrol ships of the Arctic zone was signed on 25 on April 2016.

The Arctic class patrol vessel 23550 is designed to protect and monitor water resources in the Arctic; support and support of support vessels; convoy and towing to the port of the detained vessels; transportation of special freights; participation in rescue operations at sea; In addition, the ship can be used for independent artillery strikes against sea, coastal and air targets. According to the developers, the new ship will be able to effectively solve tasks in the Arctic zone, both as part of groups (detachments) of warships, and independently, and the patrol vessel will be able to carry out escort functions in the Arctic communications.


Bookmark of the 23550 “Ivan Papanin” multifunctional ice class patrol ship, 17.04.2017, photo: admship.ru

The 23550 project is undoubtedly unique to Russia and, in general, has practically no analogues in the world. Today only Norway has something of the kind, we are talking about Svalbard-type ice-class patrol ships that are in service with the Norwegian coast guard. This ship can also be used as a patrolman and is currently one of the largest ships in service with the Norwegian Navy. The ship is armed with an 57-mm Bofors automatic artillery mount and can carry one helicopter on board — the NH-90 or Lynx.

Exactly the Russian patrol ship of the Arctic zone will surpass Svalbard in terms of displacement (more than 2000 tons), size, armament and ability to work in ice. The Norwegian icebreaker is able to overcome ice fields up to a meter thick, while the 23550 project will be able to move in ice with a 1,5 meter thick ice (as noted by the general director of the Admiralty Shipyards, Alexander Buzakov, this parameter will be 2 meters). The development of Russian engineers seems to be more multifunctional, and the presence on board of an icebreaker of various weapons makes it a reliable means of protecting the Arctic water region.

The main tactical and technical characteristics of the ship project 23550, which are presented in press releases of the company "Admiralty Shipyards", are the following: displacement - 8500 tons; length - about 110 meters; width - about 20 meters; draft - 6 meters; maximum travel speed - 16 knots; crew / extra crew - approximately 60 / 50 people; autonomy of swimming - 60 days, navigation area - unlimited. There will be special equipment on board the ship, which is represented by a powerful towing winch of the order of 80 tons and two cargo electro-hydraulic cranes, each of which will have a carrying capacity of 28 tons.

Model of the 23550 project ship, photo: admship.ru

The armament of the ship will be the automatic 76,2-mm AK-176MA artillery. Additionally, the ship will have a hangar and a landing pad to accommodate the Ka-27 anti-submarine or search and rescue helicopter. Also on board will be located two high-speed boats of the Raptor type, which can carry small arms on board and carry paratroopers to the 20. It is planned that unmanned aerial vehicles will also be based on the icebreaker.

The AK-76,2MA 176-mm artillery mounts is the latest modification of the artillery system adopted to date as early as 1979. Her successful ground tests were completed in the first quarter of 2017. Compared with the previous modifications, the upgraded AK-176MA installation more than doubled the accuracy of drive targeting, doubled the accuracy of firing, significantly increased the target pointing speed, while its mass decreased to 9 tons. According to the press service of the Arsenal Machine-Building Plant (St. Petersburg), the Russian Navy will receive a modern shipboard 76,2-mm gun mount that will be comparable to foreign analogues, and in a number of parameters will be able to surpass them. In total, up to 2020, the fleet will receive 22 of such upgraded gun mounts, which will appear mainly on ships of the near-sea zone.

Most likely, on board the ship project 23550 can be placed and rocket weapons. In particular, Club-K - container complex rocket weaponswhich is located in standard sea containers, is a modification of the Caliber missile system. A total of 2x4 vertical launchers, located at the stern of the ship. Due to the presence of missile weapons, the Russian “combat icebreaker” will be able not only to “punch” corridors for the passage of civilian ships and ensure the stability and safety of cargo transportation, but also, if necessary, destroy the violators of the Russian maritime borders. In fairness, it should be noted that officially the presence of missile weapons on board the icebreaker has not been confirmed. But indirectly, this is indicated by numerous renders, layouts and handouts, which were shown at various exhibitions. Also about this, again indirectly, are the words of the commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Korolev, who said that the ship’s armament may vary depending on the tasks to be accomplished.

"Battle icebreaker" of the Russian fleet: ship project 23550

According to the commander of the naval fleet Admiral Vladimir Korolev of Russia, a patrol ship of the Arctic zone of project 23550 was specially designed by order of the fleet, taking into account the increased presence of the Russian Navy in the Arctic zone. This presence is a guarantee of the safety of the marine activities of our country in the Northern Sea Route zone, as well as in the polar regions. The admiral emphasized that this is not about any aggressive actions in the Arctic, but about the ability of the Russian fleet to eliminate any possible threats that may arise in this strategic area that is important for our country. The admiral also emphasized the fact that the new patrol ship will be the first military ship, which was purposefully built to solve various complex problems in the Arctic. The armament of the ship of project 23550 will vary for the solution of certain tasks (built on a modular basis). Of course, the main task of the new ships of this project will be to ensure the actions of groups and units in the Arctic seas. Along with this, the ship will be able to perform separate search and rescue functions and solve the tasks of escorting support vessels. This is its uniqueness.

Information sources:
http://www.oaoosk.ru
http://admship.ru
https://ria.ru/defense_safety/20170811/1500178178.html
https://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/201707160928-pwb4.htm
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  1. Vadim Zhivov
    Vadim Zhivov 14 November 2017 06: 37
    +5
    And about silence about air defense ... And two units are not enough for such open spaces ???? hi
    1. common man
      common man 14 November 2017 07: 47
      +6
      Quote: VadimLives
      And about silence about air defense

      I agree. I don’t know how much he needs strike weapons, and means of self-defense from anti-ship missiles and aircraft are simply necessary. Otherwise, it’s a suicide bomber.
    2. Sergey84
      Sergey84 16 November 2017 23: 04
      0
      Well, instead of containers with calibers, you can put a tor-m2km-it all depends on the purpose of the trip.
  2. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov 14 November 2017 07: 46
    +1
    "The Russian Navy will receive a modern naval 76,2 mm gun mount,"
    The Navy - "receive" or the Navy - "receive", ....
    And when we turn to the metric system, already ... Already more than a hundred years have passed ...
    Or when the shells in the arsenals run out?
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 14 November 2017 11: 01
      +2
      Quote: Sverdlov
      And when we turn to the metric system, already ... Already more than a hundred years have passed ...

      So practically no one switched to it in naval armament - except, perhaps, the French. The same OTO Melara / Otobreda as produced 3 "machines - and continues to produce them.
  3. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov 14 November 2017 07: 52
    +1
    "Compared to previous modifications, the modernized AK-176MA installation more than doubled the accuracy of the drive guidance, doubled the accuracy of firing,"

    I belittle you, well, do not write nonsense in the morning¡
  4. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov 14 November 2017 07: 57
    +1
    The third small ice carrier should be called "Aurora" :)
  5. Neputin
    Neputin 14 November 2017 08: 27
    +6
    As an icebreaker, it can be good and probably needed. But as a patrol ship, I doubt it. A 76 mm gun is the same as chickens to laugh. Where is the air defense? Where is PLO. Yes, such a displacement (in fact, a destroyer) can be put so much. But there is nothing. And I don’t really understand one thing. If at sea there is no possibility of reloading launchers, for example, from anti-ship Caliber to anti-submarine missiles, then what multifunctionality can we talk about? That is, in order to fulfill the suddenly arising task of counteracting submarines, the ship must go to the base? Nonsense. A multifunctional ship is understood to me with the presence of all types of weapons (PC, air defense and anti-aircraft defense) in order to use it as the tasks arise at sea. It turns out that all that we are producing now, with rare exceptions, is simply flawed and dull ..... Can anyone be encouraged about this?
    1. Servisinzhener
      Servisinzhener 14 November 2017 09: 34
      +3
      What you described is called a cruiser, not a patrol ship. Due to the fact that there is nothing on it, the network has an approximate layout scheme and, based on it, there is not so much free space. Do you think the helicopter, 2 boats and the planned 50 people of the additional “crew” do not count ?. Hit weapons in the form of Club-K container missiles, and there is also a modular Tor-M2KM air defense system. Yes, and about electronic equipment information zero
      1. prodi
        prodi 14 November 2017 09: 44
        +1
        one 76mm - this is chickens to laugh
        1. Servisinzhener
          Servisinzhener 14 November 2017 12: 29
          +3
          Watching what to use for. All the same, 15 km range and 125 rounds per minute is quite serious. Yes, and the B-37 is no longer produced.
          1. prodi
            prodi 14 November 2017 12: 45
            +2
            if they are going to use it as a patrol ship, then it is worth it, and that means - clearly more than a simple patrol ship. And he will not have to drive away fishing vessels, but the ships are bigger and stronger. A tower from the MCT would be more appropriate and the near-range missile defense system in the mind
            1. kirgiz58
              kirgiz58 15 November 2017 12: 16
              +3
              Quote: prodi
              And he will not have to drive away fishing vessels, but the ships are bigger and stronger.

              I doubt that he will meet Burkov or some other thread of crap (the ice will spoil the paint to them before the frames smile ), most likely with the same Norwegian, and most of all submarines. But he can drag a lot against these submarines.
      2. Neputin
        Neputin 14 November 2017 10: 58
        +3
        Yes, everything is cool, only I have little idea of ​​the work of these very boats in the conditions of broken or pack ice. Why does he need a helicopter? Only for ice reconnaissance. There is no anti-submarine weaponry. And 50 special forces men drown after being hit by anti-ship missiles or a torpedo in the same way as a regular cook.
        1. Servisinzhener
          Servisinzhener 14 November 2017 11: 59
          +1
          Ice is not all year round, and boats will not be used constantly. And what did the Ka-27 helicopter not please you with as an anti-submarine? And it’s already written with a pitchfork on water.
    2. Sverdlov
      Sverdlov 14 November 2017 09: 51
      0
      There are holds for such a displacement, Neputin :)
    3. Dart2027
      Dart2027 14 November 2017 20: 00
      0
      Quote: Neputin
      Yes, such a displacement (in fact, a destroyer) can be put so much.

      Most of this displacement is in the hull, which breaks the ice. 110 meters long is a corvette.
  6. sibiryouk
    sibiryouk 14 November 2017 08: 27
    +2
    True, but where are the air defense systems? Or do foreign planes not fly in the Arctic?
    1. Neputin
      Neputin 14 November 2017 08: 39
      +3
      So am I about that. It turns out that such a patrol ship can be sunk from an air mattress if it goes beyond the limits of coastal air defense and aviation. I’m silent about submarines. And we have this aircraft in the Arctic, you can think just too much. During the Second World War, at least a coaxial machine gun for air defense stood on each barge. Maybe you need to think about it now, so as not to lose people and ships and frantically rearm?
  7. Sige
    Sige 14 November 2017 08: 54
    +1
    An ice class cruiser is already in place, it has a project of 10520, the name is `` Soviet Union '', and its modernization will cost less than cut with Chubaisoids on new projects.
  8. Amurets
    Amurets 14 November 2017 09: 04
    0
    Most likely, missiles can also be placed on board the project 23550 ship.
    Everything is somehow vague and vague. And how is the formation of the corps going now? And then maybe just a mortgage board to the channel, representing the keel-beam, screwed.
  9. rudolff
    rudolff 14 November 2017 09: 57
    +5
    In such a displacement, one could easily place a full-fledged strike weaponry, air defense, anti-aircraft defense and make a normal Arctic version of a destroyer or cruiser. It would even be useful to protect the deployment areas of the PKK SN at the edge of the pack ice. And then ... Again, some patrol, again some kind of modularity ... Are we going to drive Arctic pirates? Poachers? Rave! Instead of building a normal balanced fleet, HZ is doing what.
    1. avt
      avt 14 November 2017 11: 21
      +6
      Quote: rudolff
      Instead of building a normal balanced fleet, HZ is doing what.

      bully Well these ... which
      Quote: VadimLives
      And about silence about air defense ..

      and PLO still on ,, Buyans "demanded to put on less than the S-300 did not agree fool Remember - the naval several times with ,, Petya "and the BDK went east along the Northern Sea Route and .... it turned out. Suddenly. In addition to the classic" drummers "as air, universal supplies are needed to approach not only the un equipped shore, but also to scurry between maneuvering points, and just presence in the water area. So, in the USSR at the peak of development it was planned to do the series, “Alexei Kosygin”, one of them to this day as part of the auxiliary NAVY) and “Sevmorput”, the second did not have time to build in Kerch . It really was ,, theme battleships! And the notorious ,, modularity "allows you to hang in the optimal time necessary for a combat mission. Refresh gistoria and remember how and how many of the same trawlers were converted into minesweepers with outbacks back in World War I and then ours. So this is really a ship for
      Quote: rudolff
      normal balanced fleet

      Like the Angels at the Falklands, when the ratio of auxiliary to drummers is 1: 1. That’s hosh as a hosh, and the FIRST, well ,, Ilya Muromets "just took Burilichev’s fleet for himself, and this series will go to .. ,, classic Navy" bully Well, about
      Quote: rudolff
      Are we going to drive Arctic pirates? Poachers? Rave!

      It would be nonsense if it were not for the real runs, but the requirements to open the Northern Sea Route, by the way the Volga-Don canal, under INTERNATIONAL jurisdiction! So even with the current dynamics of commercial use of the Northern Sea Route, the need for such ships, both civilian and military, will increase.
      1. rudolff
        rudolff 14 November 2017 13: 08
        +5
        I do not pretend to the truth, I express my purely personal point of view. Let's go in order.
        Regarding air defense, anti-aircraft defense, S-300 at Buyan. Buyans do not need to add anything, they are already rearmament. If it were my will, I would put Uranus on them instead of the Kalibs, so that it would not be tempting to use them for other purposes. But Buyan, this is a river-sea class missile defense system and he has a place in the Caspian. All! The remaining fleets should have corvettes with a displacement of 1200-1600 tons. Corvettes, not MRK, IAC, IPC, Patrol. This is a minimum displacement and balanced in armament warship with acceptable seaworthiness. RTOs, Patrolmen can build either very rich states or very poor. The union could afford it, we do not.
        Regarding universal supplies, weapons transports ... Yes, they are and are needed, like air in all fleets. Why they are laid so few is a mystery. The situation is very similar to that in the mine sweeping fleet. We need desperately, but they are not and never will be. Or one, two and miscalculated. When the Mistrals were ordered, Grena and Morgunov wanted to convert to arms transports precisely, it did not work out. But the problem is that this Arctic patroller pulls even less on a supply or transport than on a warship. This is not a solution.
        Modularity does not solve anything. From the word at all. Do you think that simultaneously with this patrol they will begin to build replaceable modules for him and store them somewhere on the shore? There is not and will not be. Likewise, there are no universal crews for servicing these modules at sea. In the best case, modernization with average repair and the formation of a new crew on a slipway with new BN, BP, warhead, etc. Yes, minesweepers were made from trawlers, then border guards were made from tugboats, in the Union they planned to ro-ro, turn ferries into a BDK, make combat icebreakers ... But this is all a mobilization reserve, and this is about the operating fleet!
        And finally, about the Northern Sea Route. If there will be any creeps on him, then he certainly will not have to be protected by the Patrol. And 76 artifacts, and a container with Caliber can be thrust into any sea tug if you wish.
        Just a shame. It’s stupid to ditch this displacement reserve for two-month-old autonomy that nobody needs, for jet fuel, and it’s generally not known what.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 14 November 2017 14: 36
          +4
          Quote: rudolff
          Buyans do not need to add anything, they are already rearmament. If it were my will, instead of the Kalibs, I would put Uranus on them, so that it would not be tempting to use them for other purposes.

          Duc ... with the "Uranus" they simply are not needed. On their main theater of operations - the Caspian - there are no goals for such an amount of RCC. To use “Buyans” on other TVDs as classic RTOs ... taking into account their seaworthiness, air defense and the range of work of “Uranus” - this is suicide.
          But with the "Caliber" "Buyans" are turning into "regional strategists." smile
          1. rudolff
            rudolff 14 November 2017 15: 12
            +1
            With the Caspian, we even slightly went too far. Two Cheetahs and several RTOs, this is above the roof. RCC there are quite appropriate. Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, oil deposits, pipelines, the Chinese with their silk road ... Today, friends, and tomorrow ... who knows.
            As for the Caliber, we do not need mini strategists, but normal warships. We got a new toy and we don’t know where else to put it.
        2. NEXUS
          NEXUS 14 November 2017 15: 21
          +4
          Quote: rudolff
          Just a shame. It’s stupid to ditch this displacement reserve for two-month-old autonomy that nobody needs, for jet fuel, and it’s generally not known what.

          Rudolph, friend, the saying is appropriate here - GOOD PONT - BETTER ANY MONEY. hi
          1. rudolff
            rudolff 14 November 2017 15: 35
            +3
            Andrei, how many of these show-offs are already possible ?! We have half of everything in the military-industrial complex and the Moscow region, these are show-offs, boasting and promises for the future. And how to fight? The second project of these castrated patrols was launched into construction. What will be done with them in the Navy, except for a show? And this despite the fact that on the stocks of ships of the first rank - zero! Who is doing military planning in general? Shell-shocked managers?
            1. NEXUS
              NEXUS 14 November 2017 15: 54
              +4
              Quote: rudolff
              And this despite the fact that on the stocks of ships of the first rank - zero! Who is doing military planning in general? Shell-shocked managers?

              And I’ll tell you who ... imagine for a second that, say somewhere in the Pacific Ocean, (relatively) found oil deposits near our shores that are comparable to those found in the Arctic, and the disputed territory ... I'm more than sure so that we would urgently have destroyers and cruisers and multipurpose submarines built as they should, and VNEU would have given birth long ago. Do you understand what I mean?
      2. alstr
        alstr 14 November 2017 13: 12
        0
        Again, do not forget about the rig. Recall the same scandal with the Greenpeace galoshes.
        1. rudolff
          rudolff 14 November 2017 14: 09
          +2
          If these rigs are within the exclusive economic zone, then this is the problem of border guards. There is nothing to take their bread.
    2. NEXUS
      NEXUS 14 November 2017 14: 52
      +4
      Quote: rudolff
      In such a displacement, one could easily place a full-fledged strike weapon, air defense, anti-aircraft defense and make a normal Arctic version of a destroyer or cruiser.

      Rudolph hi
      With such a displacement, this patrolman turns out to be a full-fledged destroyer. And on it they put a cannon (scare the raven) and a couple of boats with helicopters. The question is a warship or a pleasure yacht?
      PU under Caliber already about 20 pieces could be placed on it, and its own air defense. But in fact, the whole world will be amusing comparing it with the Norwegian pelvis.
      A disgrace.
      1. rudolff
        rudolff 14 November 2017 15: 14
        +2
        Here I am about it!
      2. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 14 November 2017 15: 53
        +1
        Quote: NEXUS
        With such a displacement, this patrolman turns out to be a full-fledged destroyer. And on it they put a cannon (scare the raven) and a couple of boats with helicopters

        In my opinion, if this is an icebreaker, then one of its main tasks will be the escort of ships. Won't he stand frozen all the time in the ice, guarding something? And since the pilotage of the ships, it would not have prevented him from having an air defense umbrella, sufficient to cover the vessels that he would conduct through the ice. In addition, additional air defense from the northern direction will definitely not be superfluous.
  10. sivuch
    sivuch 14 November 2017 10: 27
    +3
    It’s strange. Ships of this displacement are the diocese of the northerners. Up to 2-2.5 tt steamships have not been threatened in Almaz yet. Even the Thunder experience (1244,12442) was not very successful.
    Maybe Popandopulo refused to design, and the Diamondmen agreed? but it’s also strange, because they seem to have enough work now (I hope so, because I myself worked there)
  11. andrewkor
    andrewkor 14 November 2017 10: 49
    +1
    In the USSR, at least until WWII, all icebreakers had the status of auxiliary cruisers. 76mm gun. I think it will not be enough, it would be necessary 100mm., at least, well, more and more missiles against all sorts of threats.
    1. alstr
      alstr 14 November 2017 13: 16
      0
      Say even more. Any civilian ship could be converted into a military one. Moreover, this was often laid at the stage of the project.
  12. CTABEP
    CTABEP 14 November 2017 10: 55
    +3
    To be honest, the meaning of this ship in the conditions of the financial problems of the fleet is not entirely clear. As a warship, it’s obviously weak, for a patrolman it’s a big displacement and missiles neither to the village, nor to the city. Ladnob was furious with fat and there was nowhere to put money, because with the new ships in the fleet, not everything was going smoothly.
    1. Deck
      Deck 14 November 2017 13: 08
      +1
      I wonder who is supposed to be the opponents. Actually against whom is this battleship?
      1. rudolff
        rudolff 14 November 2017 13: 13
        +2
        If only against pirates, poachers ...
        1. Deck
          Deck 14 November 2017 13: 53
          0
          The pirates on the icebreakers are strong! They remind our border guards in the Baltic at Svetlyaki with the AK-176M and AK-630M against Finnish and Swedish colleagues in the ribs and with pistols in cabaret laughing
    2. alstr
      alstr 14 November 2017 14: 32
      +3
      The main purpose of the ship is ICE-BREAKER. THOSE. AUXILIARY ship. Nobody requires air defense / anti-aircraft defense support from transports. Why is this required from an icebreaker?

      Everything else is the case in case of war.
      And then in case of war he will go as part of convoys, where other ships will provide air defense / anti-aircraft defense.
      1. rudolff
        rudolff 14 November 2017 15: 23
        +1
        An icebreaker in the Navy, for example, Ilya Muromets of project 21180. And in this case, although it is an ice class, it’s a warship and is never an auxiliary one.
  13. 7gor
    7gor 14 November 2017 14: 29
    +2
    Raptors are good! Among the ice on a boat it’s more convenient to drive unnecessary characters wassat
  14. 7gor
    7gor 14 November 2017 14: 35
    +1
    Raptors are good! Among the ice on a boat it’s more convenient to drive unnecessary characters wassat
    1. garri-lin
      garri-lin 14 November 2017 20: 34
      +1
      A hovercraft in the ice would have looked more logical. And over ice porridge (lard) it will suit and between the hummocks it can maneuver. A raptor is only in clear water.
  15. Eflintuk
    Eflintuk 14 November 2017 17: 24
    +4
    This is a coast guard ship, which icebreakers are considered to be all over the world. Therefore, to maintain the image of the gun and put. His job is to chop the ice, and in fact carry the stew for the increasing garrisons. Having installed on it "some sort of anti-aircraft defense, anti-aircraft defense" it will not cease to be a target, like any single ship with ANY armament.
  16. domnich
    domnich 14 November 2017 21: 09
    +8
    "... Buzakov also told reporters that the laying of the second ship of the series"Nikolay Zubkov"The same project 23550 ..."

    The second vessel of the 23550 project is most likely named after a Russian and Soviet military leader, polar explorer and oceanologist ZUBOV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1885-1960). The text should be corrected ...

    1901-1904 N.N. Zubov studied at the Naval Cadet Corps. Member of the Russian-Japanese war and the Tsushima battle. In 1907, he was promoted to lieutenant. 1908-1910 student of the Nikolaev Maritime Academy (hydrographic department). Upon completion, he took part in hydrographic work in the Barents and White Seas. In 1912, he was promoted to senior lieutenant. Member of the 1-th World War, commanded a destroyer. In 1915, he was promoted to captain of 2 rank, served in the headquarters of the BF. In 1916, he was appointed commander of EM “Powerful”, and in 1917, he was appointed commander of EM “Orpheus”. In the Civil War he participated in the White Movement, then went to serve in the Red Army. In 1922-1924, professor of tactics at the Naval Academy. In 1924-1928, he was repressed with a settlement in the Urals. Since 1928, the head of the hydrographic department of the oceanographic institute. For many years he conducted oceanographic research in the Arctic. In 1941, he was drafted into the Navy. He served under the Military Council of the Federation Council. Since 1942, captain of 1 rank. In 1943, he was appointed assistant chief of the State Northern Sea Route Scientific Department. In 1945, he was awarded the title of Rear Admiral Engineer. In 1948, he was dismissed. In 1949-1952, professor of the Department of Hydrology, Moscow State University. Since 1953, he is the head of the Department of Oceanology at Moscow State University. Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR.
    In general, the famous polar explorer, like Ivan Papanin.

    As for the purpose of such a ship. This is not a cruiser, not a frigate, and not a corvette. Its main purpose is to ensure the military activities of the fleet in the Arctic. Piloting warships, guarding and patrolling sensitive areas in peacetime, delivering supplies to Arctic garrisons. He needs weapons in the first place to suppress various kinds of violations of the established regime of navigation in areas closed to navigation. There were a lot of such violations in the Novaya Zemlya region. Itself chased offenders on the orders of the OD fleet on a hydrographic vessel without any weapons on board. For these purposes, the composition of the armament (including the onboard "Raptor") is quite adequate.
    1. Svarog51
      Svarog51 15 November 2017 06: 05
      +5
      Sergey, my respect hi
      Itself chased offenders on the orders of the OD fleet on a hydrographic vessel without any weapons on board.

      I would tell in more detail, otherwise very few of such facts as presented by the participants themselves fall into the network. More often such cases are printed in the section of naval tales, but it turns out. that all this was just so. good
      1. domnich
        domnich 15 November 2017 15: 26
        +5
        Yes, there’s nothing to talk about chases. We more indicated the presence of the Navy in a closed area. Where were we going to race with our 15-17 units, and onboard boats - 6 units. All this in the course of our main work is to support the activities of the expedition to map the coast of Novaya Zemlya, and to service lights and signs. But specialized patrol ships with "Raptor" on board (50 nodes) will perform such tasks easily.

        A few words about the ice situation in those parts. The western coast of Novaya Zemlya (Barents Sea) is practically free of ice from July to October. From the Kara Sea, the situation is more complicated. There, it is relatively free in terms of ice conditions only in September. In other words, before September, the ice melts, after - ice formation occurs. This is an average, but in different years the ice situation may be better or worse. To the south (Kara Gate) there is naturally less ice, to the north (Cape Desire) - more. The east of Novaya Zemlya, the more difficult the situation. Until now, ships and vessels of the Navy have been operating in the ice-free period. Now, apparently, something will change in this regard ...
        1. Svarog51
          Svarog51 15 November 2017 19: 38
          +5
          Sergey, hi Thanks for the story. But with this
          We more indicated the presence of the Navy in a closed area

          had to face, only by the nature of his service. good drinks
  17. Radikal
    Radikal 15 November 2017 20: 12
    +2
    Quote: rudolff
    Andrei, how many of these show-offs are already possible ?! We have half of everything in the military-industrial complex and the Moscow region, these are show-offs, boasting and promises for the future. And how to fight? The second project of these castrated patrols was launched into construction. What will be done with them in the Navy, except for a show? And this despite the fact that on the stocks of ships of the first rank - zero! Who is doing military planning in general? Shell-shocked managers?

    yes good It only shocked them not with shells and other explosive objects, but with large "grandmothers" who they spud on their "beds"! sad
  18. viktorch
    viktorch 17 November 2017 21: 23
    0
    whoa whoa, take it easy, about the icebreaker-aircraft carrier-destroyer super leader I was just joking
  19. bolt
    bolt 6 August 2018 11: 59
    +2
    If they build what they planned, they will receive a normal patrol ship of the Arctic zone. Although the local naval experts, I see a different opinion.