Military Review

Irishman in the service of Russia

11
Irishman in the service of Russia



The basic truth that the cadres decide everything, of course, was known to the great reformer Peter I.

Russia, and first of all, its army, navy and military industry was in need of professionals. Therefore, experienced foreign military men were eagerly invited into the ranks of the Russian army. For foreigners, Russia has become the country in which they were able to realize their ambitions, and many make a good career, impossible in their homeland.

One of these soldiers, who achieved great heights in the service in the Russian army, was Peter Lassi. He was promoted to the highest military rank - Field Marshal.

Pierce Edmond de Lacey was descended from the Norman family, who had long since settled in Ireland, he was born on October 30 1678, in Irish Limerick. He entered military service at a young age, served in the English, French and Austrian armies.

In 1700, with the rank of second lieutenant, 22-year-old Lassi entered the Russian service. Peter I was recommended by Duke Charles Eugene de Croix, with him in the Austrian army Lassi fought against the Turks.

Lassi participated in the key battles of the Northern War: in the battle of Narva, the battle of Gummelshof, the Grodno operation, in the Poltava battle, where he was wounded, stormed the impregnable Riga. Together with the king took part in the Prut campaign.

In the service, he proved himself not only a talented commander, but also a diplomat. In 1733, Lassi was sent to Poland to support the candidate for the Polish throne of August III of Saxony. Lassi fulfilled this mission brilliantly, which justified the trust of the Russian government. In turn, the grateful Augustus granted Lassi the Order of the White Eagle.

The brightest and commanding talent of the Russian Irishman, the characteristic audacity and originality of the decisions made, manifested themselves in the Russian-Turkish war of 1735-1739, during which Lassi quickly took Azov and immediately passed through the Crimea and the Russian-Swedish war of 1741-1743.

In the Swedish war, Empress Anna Leopoldovna entrusted Lassi to the head of the Russian army, in which the new Field Marshal enjoyed the same respect and common love, combining good heart and sublime feelings with the enlightened mind. The historian Kersnovsky notes that Lassi lived solely on "the interests of the army and the needs of his subordinates."



The capitulation of Azov in 1736. Azov Pasha Mustafa Aga hands the keys to the city to Count Lassi. Fragment of German engraving 1740 of the year

Being on duty in close contact with the powers that be, Petr Petrovich never engaged in court intrigues and retained his honest name during state coups.

He himself participated in the 31 campaign, in the general 3 battles, in the 15 actions and 18 sieges, and in the capture of fortresses, where he was wounded.

Petr Petrovich Lassi 2 died on May 1751 in Riga, at the age of 72, he devoted half a century of his life to the service of Russia. Lassi was recognized not only during his lifetime, but also after death. His name was given to the First Infantry Nevsky Regiment of the First Infantry Division of the Russian Imperial Army.

“The permanent historian of real needs ... of the Russian army,” military historian Dmitry Maslovsky will call Peter Lassi.
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http://rusplt.ru/wins/irlandets-slujbe-rossii-31263.html
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  1. Antares
    Antares 12 November 2017 15: 17
    +1
    Peter I was recommended by the Duke Karl Eugene de Croix, with whom in the Austrian army Lassi fought against the Turks.

    this is the duke, who unofficially led the Russian army in the battle of Narva .. He died in Swedish captivity ... Although the plan to capture the bastions of Narva, he was already used in the second siege not bad.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 12 November 2017 16: 11
    +4
    You could write more about Lassie. Peter Petrovich deserves it. According to General D.F. Maslovsky, "he was a permanent sentinel on guard of the real needs of an orphaned Russian army, abandoned during the rule of Biron and Minich ... He gave this army fifty years of his life and, dying, he could say that his whole life was given" for military needs "him second homeland ".....
  3. Settlement Oparyshev
    Settlement Oparyshev 12 November 2017 17: 09
    +1
    The intervention of the Oldenburg-Hanover, in Muscovy and Siberia, of course required specialists. And Peter the Great, he could afford to choose the best. This is after when the O-Hanover in 1 waged two wars in America and Russia, then there were not enough people. It was difficult for the Irish, of course, to live in their homeland, Britain was persecuting. Therefore, service in Russia was welcome.
    By the way, what kind of figs in the background are engravings? Where else had Lacey visited.
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 12 November 2017 18: 57
      0
      Oparyshev, let me ask: Are you in a Soviet school, what did you have in Russian history? If Karamzin, Ilovaisky, Tatishchev, Solovyov and Klyuchevsky are not reliable sources for you, then read at least Varshavsky (an ardent Russophobe), even he did not “know” that the middle name is Petr1 Fridrikhovich.
      Actually, Peter 1 was not the son of Alexei Mikhailovich (he read Bulanov)
      1. Settlement Oparyshev
        Settlement Oparyshev 12 November 2017 19: 30
        0
        I’ll meet you, open the Archi Logos, Igor Grek and study creatively. You will like it.
  4. Monarchist
    Monarchist 12 November 2017 18: 48
    +1
    Quote: Antares
    Peter I was recommended by the Duke Karl Eugene de Croix, with whom in the Austrian army Lassi fought against the Turks.

    this is the duke, who unofficially led the Russian army in the battle of Narva .. He died in Swedish captivity ... Although the plan to capture the bastions of Narva, he was already used in the second siege not bad.

    This is well written by Alexei Tolstoy
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 12 November 2017 20: 07
      0
      There is a wonderful book in which the service of foreigners of Russia is described in detail and interestingly ...
      I sincerely recommend ...
  5. Monarchist
    Monarchist 12 November 2017 19: 07
    +3
    The sailboat below said very faithfully about Lassi: “his whole life was given to the military needs of his second homeland. A Scot, and Rossi served faithfully, Patrick Gordon he was also Scots and true to Russia, Vitas Bering Dane, and how much he did for Russia. And how many of them were foreigners who FULLY SERVED RUSSIA!
    1. Settlement Oparyshev
      Settlement Oparyshev 12 November 2017 22: 33
      +1
      Project Russia, you understand whose project this is. And all the people you mentioned did not serve the project, but the owners, the initiators of the Project.
      1. fox_rudy
        fox_rudy 12 November 2017 23: 49
        +3
        Interestingly, and about the project "Oparyshev" who serves?
      2. Sovpadenie
        Sovpadenie 19 July 2018 11: 35
        0
        what kind of porridge in your head