Military Review

Russian liquidation

Russian liquidationThe Russian community of Latvia was excited by the news - the government agreed on the final elimination of teaching in their native language in schools of national minorities. At the same time, the “Russian mayor” of Riga, Nil Ushakov, effectively eliminated his participation in protecting schools of compatriots - for him the hope of joining the ruling coalition in parliament turned out to be more important.

As you know, recently a similar law on the liquidation of Russian schools was adopted in Ukraine, which is hardly a coincidence. However, in Latvia, the decision regarding a “non-state language” in schools was not unexpected: one can say that everything went for it. Even when the current government of Maris Kuczinskis (Union of Greens and Peasants) only came to power at the beginning of 2016, it promised to develop a plan for transition to a unified standard of education in the Latvian language in all state and municipal schools - and begin its implementation.

Karlis Šadurskis (“Unity”) took the post of Minister of Education in the government of Kuchinskis - the same one that already tried to do away with the Russian schools during the sadly memorable “reform” of the year.

However, in 2016, the Cabinet of Ministers did not force the fulfillment of these promises. It is unlikely that Kuchinskis, known as a sufficiently sober-minded politician, would like to strengthen inter-ethnic confrontation. But in this case he turned out to be a hostage to the situation: the prime minister could not say a decisive “no” to the attempts of de-Russification, since he was very dependent on coalition radicals from the National Bloc.

Therefore, the government of Kuchinskis struggled with Russian education, but gradually, as they say, an hour in a teaspoon. Last summer, Russian schoolchildren (we recall that Russian-speaking people in the country make up more than 30% of the population) were forbidden to choose the language of exams - now they are allowed to pass only in Latvian. In addition, teachers of national minority schools have to reckon with the existence of a law passed last autumn, which allows them to remove from their work those teachers who are recognized as “disloyal”. However, this was not enough for the nationalists, and the leader of the National Bloc, Raivis Dzintars, raised the question of the liquidation of Russian schools. According to him, the National Bloc has developed amendments to the law on education, which will not allow rejecting the idea of ​​the final Latvianization of Russian schools. However, with the submission of these amendments, the radicals were ahead - Shadurskis announced that from the 2020 / 2021 school year all general education subjects in secondary schools in Latvia are planned to be taught only in Latvian. The Minister announced: “A necessary prerequisite for an integrated society is a common information space. Back in 2004, the principle of bilingual education was established in Latvia. However, despite the rather positive results of this system, twenty-two percent of the national minority youth still do not know the Latvian language very well or do not speak it at all. Every young man is important to us. We cannot afford to leave someone out of sight. ”

These proposals were supported by the coalition parties, as was to be expected, and the final point was put by President Raymond Vejonis. In society, he acquired the image of a “liberal”, but on the issue of schools he turned out to be completely in solidarity with the nationalists - with the only reservation that one had to carefully prepare for the expulsion of the Russian language in order to avoid unnecessary problems. “In Latvia there is only one state language - Latvian. And if the ministry proposes to gradually switch to education in Latvian, this is a step towards ensuring that the country has only one state language that would be used by residents of Latvia in everyday communication, ”said Vejonis. Naturally, the most active representatives of the Russian community refused to tolerate another attack on their rights.

The action in 2003 – 2004 was recreated. The headquarters for the protection of Russian schools - and October 23, he spent in Riga, next to the building of the Ministry of Education, his first action. Despite the cold, up to 1000 people from Riga, Daugavpils, Rezekne, Saldus and Aizkraukle took part in the rally.

Alas, there were few young people - more people were present. Many participants in the picket were holding posters with the words "Karlis is not a badgeon, a badgeon will burst" and "I am Latvia". ” The event was hosted by Miroslav Mitrofanov, co-chairman of the non-system party "Russian Union of Latvia". He made a speech: “The first attempt of right-wing Latvian politicians to strangle Russian schools occurred in 2003 – 2004. Then, as a result of the protests, we managed to defend the Russian language as one of the teaching languages ​​in schools. Yes, not fully succeeded, but only half. But for more than thirteen years, the native language continued to sound in schools, and we could treat ourselves with respect - we are the people, we have honor and dignity and we are able to fight for our rights! ”

However, the authorities, as Mitrofanov recalled, did not want to take into account the interests of the Russian inhabitants. “It is planned to completely expel the Russian language from secondary school, to leave several subjects in the main one: obviously, the Russian language and literature itself, and to significantly Latvianize Russian kindergartens. If the laws on education are open to the changes proposed by the ministry, then we can expect any even more cruel and insane proposals from the nationalist deputies, ”the co-chairman of the Russian Union of Latvia stressed. It is worth noting that, apart from MEPs Tatyana Zhdanok and Andrey Mamykin, there was not a single deputy at the rally. The attendees waited until the last moment to see the mayor of Riga, Neil Ushakov, hoping that he would support the defenders of Russian schools with his authority. But they did not wait. Publicist Ilya Kozyrev sarcastically remarked on this issue: “Ushakov did not appear, although such rumors circulated. Apparently, the tile in Kengarags (district of Riga) shifts. It is more important, of course. "

In fact, this is not an idle question, because Ushakov heads the “Consent” - not just the largest opposition party, but the party with the largest parliamentary faction. "Consent" rests mainly on the votes of Russian-speaking voters - and at one time did everything possible to "trample" the Russian electoral clearing, displacing all competitors from it.

For many years, Ushakov and his comrades have been dreaming of breaking through into the ruling coalition, of gaining access to ministerial posts and the state budget. They clearly do not want to quarrel with the ruling nationalist parties for the sake of Russian schools.

However, “hitting” on the Russian community turned out to be so serious that it was necessary to react to it somehow. And Ushakov left an entry on Facebook: “Shadurskis in a year (next parliamentary elections will be held in Latvia in the fall of 2018) will no longer be a minister, since his Unity party (rapidly losing popularity) will finally go into non-existence. But now he and the nationalists need as much noise and scandals as possible. After all, they plan to close not "Russian" schools. In the coming years they are planning to close Latvian schools in the provinces en masse, thus finally putting an end to dozens of localities in Latvia. After all, everything is clear to everyone - closing the school is the very last step. And in order to divert attention from these plans, we are all once again trying to poison us on a national basis. For my part, I can assure you that we will not allow such a development of events. And we will equally protect Latvian schools and Russians from shadurskis. And protect.

Ushakov's statement looks rather sly. First, the departure of Shadurskis and Unity will not remove the problem - the elimination of Russian education is the cumulative goal of all Latvian parties, they have been approaching it for a quarter of a century. Secondly, it is embarrassing to promise to protect from closure “both Latvian schools and Russians”. This is true, in recent years, educational institutions in Latvia have been closed by the dozens: the continuing outflow of the population abroad has an effect. People didn’t want to evaluate how Latvian politicians express themselves lavishly, “history Latvia’s success ”, and massively move to more prosperous states. Accordingly, the schools that have lost their students can only be closed. But why Ushakov does not speak about the protection of the Russian language in the remaining minority schools? To this, supporters of the “Consent” demagogically answer that they, they say, do not divide the people of Latvia into “their own” and “alien”. Well, it may soon be easy for them to “agree” with the fact that the people of Latvia should still be culturally and linguistically uniform. What kind of Russian protection is this when big money is at stake?

Not long ago, parliamentarian Janis Urbanovich (the second, after Ushakov, face in the “Consent”) voiced “excuse”. It turns out ... there are few violent ones, but “Consent” itself is not the first to get involved in a fight for Russian schools. The politician believes that it is still possible to overcome the current trend. “Yes, only in one way: if the people show that they don’t like it, then the average Latvian will think that it makes sense to stop, otherwise they will start to fight,” said the deputy.

Recalling that at the beginning of 2000's, thousands of people went to rally in support of Russian schools for 50, Urbanovich suggested that "according to current laws and 500 people will no longer gather ...".

He added: “There is a myth that the Finns, for example, demonstrated at one time the state mind and gave the Swedes the right to learn the native language. But in fact, for this right the Swedish boys fought with Finnish in different places - from Helsinki to the provinces. Out of kindness, no one ever makes concessions to anyone. To this need to move the authorities. It is most difficult to fight for the truth and for your legal rights. In humans, it doesn’t fit in their heads; the violations themselves seem unnatural. Therefore, they often prefer to suffer in silence than to resist loudly. ”

However, Janis Urbanovich himself, according to him, is not ready to lead the fight for Russian schools. However, he promised that "Consent", at least, would not terminate his existing agreement on cooperation with the party "United Russia" (EP). The presence of this agreement the Latvian parties fiercely reproached the "Consent" all the past years. But only a month passed after these words of Urbanovich - and Nil Ushakov announced that the mentioned agreement is no longer valid. It is noteworthy that the only one of the “Consent” who dared to publicly criticize this decision of Ushakov was the aforementioned Andrei Mamykin, who came to the rally in defense of Russian schools. Latvian publicist Vadim Avva raises the question: “In connection with the decision of Ushakov to break the contract with United Russia, I propose to think about this. If the interests of Russians in Latvia are three global things: the first is secondary and higher education in the native language, the second is proportional representation in all government bodies, the third is good relations with our ethnic homeland, answer, citizens, which Latvian party consistently defends these three things? "Consent"? What does this specifically mean? ”

It has been suggested that the Latvian ruling officials received from the “consonants” certain guarantees that their resistance to inhuman “school reform” would be purely decorative. It was precisely to prove this that the Ushakovites were revealingly disarmed - by abandoning the treaty with the EP. In exchange, Ushakov was probably promised access to the ruling coalition and ministerial posts a year later. What is there Nil Valerievich any Russian school? He gave his son Tom (from his Latvian wife) to a Latvian kindergarten. There is another interesting fact. In early November, the Latvian newspaper Neatkarīgā Rita Avize (Independent Morning Newspaper) published information that Ushakov, using his connections in the European Socialist Party, was looking for ways to meet with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. According to the newspaper, the mayor of the capital hoped that within the framework of his cooperation with NATO, representatives of the military bloc would participate in the program of the Riga City Council on education - attend Russian schools, in order to bring young people closer to “Western values” with their stories and promote the growth of confidence in the alliance. Another thing is that Stoltenberg did not deny Nil Valerievich a conversation. A lower-ranking official, Assistant Secretary General of NATO for Public Diplomacy Takan Ildem, spoke with Ushakov, in the presence of specially called Latvian diplomatic representatives.

But the very desire of the “Russian mayor” to promote the “values ​​of NATO” in Russian schools in Latvia is very significant.

It seems that non-indifferent activists seeking to defend their native language in educational institutions in Latvia will remain in this one-on-one battle with the state - they clearly cannot count on the help of any of the parliamentary parties.
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  1. Kleber
    Kleber 11 November 2017 15: 06
    At this rate, they will generally lose transit from Russia.
    1. jjj
      jjj 11 November 2017 15: 48
      And the EU has already advised the Baltic states to live within their means. Subsidies are reduced
      1. captain
        captain 11 November 2017 15: 55
        Our leaders should ponder; Are we all doing and are doing with respect to Russians abroad.
        1. Tatyana
          Tatyana 11 November 2017 16: 53
          Our leaders should ponder; Are we all doing and are doing with respect to Russians abroad.

          Ha! Our leaders do little for the Russians and in Russia itself!
          Suffice it to mention R. Tatarstan with the separatist attitude of its Tatar nationalists towards squeezing out the Russian language there from education and teaching the Russians themselves in Russian from curricula. But the Russian language is the state-forming language in Russia, the state of the forming people of Russia in the Russian Federation!There will be no Russians - there will be no Russia! The country will break up according to the so-called titular national "apartments"!
    2. iouris
      iouris 12 November 2017 20: 58
      Quote: Kleber
      At this rate, they will generally lose transit from Russia.

      Transit is always separate - the economy is private.
  2. 210ox
    210ox 11 November 2017 15: 53
    I’m not surprised at that. By the way, many Russian speakers like it there .. They are satisfied with the plan. There are certainly protesters mostly in the kitchens. And so .. they forgot the relationship.
    1. badens1111
      badens1111 11 November 2017 16: 03
      Quote: 210ox
      By the way, many Russian speakers like it there.

      If you recall 90 .. then a bunch of those living there, oddly enough, were screaming and enjoying the separation .. together with local autochthons .. 25 years have passed and oops .. but it turns out not so sweet in a country oriented to the West, and besides but not seeing their fellow citizens in them.
      They made a curve choice ... now they are reaping the fruits of their myopia.
      1. AKC
        AKC 11 November 2017 22: 08
        so if you recall 90, then in the Russian Federation they shouted and rejoiced at new times. and now with whom you can’t talk, nobody supported the new times and everyone was against it!
        You are mistaken, I tell you as a witness! no one was happy there (maybe there were exceptions), and for the most part there was confusion and misunderstanding of what the central government was doing! great joy among the non-native population and great sadness of the locals was when the marines took to the streets of the Baltic cities. but she quickly came in.
        the Russians in the Baltic region voted to preserve the USSR! so you made a mistake about the crooked choice they made. they had no choice !. the central authorities couldn’t make their choice.
        in the Baltic states, there were mainly those who couldn’t go anywhere! and yes, it’s true life there is no worse than in Russia. at least people are used to it and they are happy with everything, and if life in the Baltic does not suit you, you can go for permanent residence in Europe!

        1. badens1111
          badens1111 11 November 2017 22: 10
          Quote: AKC
          You are mistaken, I tell you as a witness! no one was happy there

          Yeah .. looking at the kilometer-long lines of screaming hands holding hands ... we are for independence ..
  3. Ural resident
    Ural resident 11 November 2017 16: 56
    would live quietly, but no - these limitrophs themselves are asking for accession to Russia
  4. ibirus
    ibirus 11 November 2017 18: 02
    But I don’t give a damn about this problem. Why should our state harness itself to protect citizens of another country, albeit Russian-speaking? If they feel bad there, come to Russia, live here. But they are cunning, they want to live there, but under the protection of the Russian Federation. And who uses whom?
    1. Sadam
      Sadam 11 November 2017 20: 39
      I agree . language has always been the subject of expansion. that Hitler Czechoslovakia Avsria that Vova Abkhazia ... I remember the Baltic states were shocked in the 90s when they zealously took up nationalism. but right now everything is in one language. here in canada in quebec - the Canatians don’t understand the Canadians of the French from the word completely
    2. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 12 November 2017 16: 48
      Quote: ibirus
      Why should our state harness itself to protect citizens of another country, albeit Russian-speaking? If they feel bad there, come to Russia, live here

      The declarative support of Russians by Russia in the former Soviet republics, or rather its absence, led to the fact that in the Baltic states fascist regimes, fascist regimes in Ukraine, nationalist regimes in Central Asia and the Caucasus. In Russia itself, read the news from Tatarstan ....
  5. Pushkar
    Pushkar 11 November 2017 19: 03
    Did someone expect something else? The assimilation of Russians in Latvia has long been announced and has long been underway. Actually, the Russian youth and children are not entirely Russian, and they are oriented towards Western Europe. And Russia for them is a country of poor roads, poverty, drunkenness, fools and thieves. So they have been taught since 1990. And taught.
  6. frols
    frols 11 November 2017 19: 23
    As always, there are a lot of experts and couch generals who know everything better than even those who live in Latvia, but in fact they don’t really know anything, and the advice you give is directly heard.
    1. Mountain shooter
      Mountain shooter 11 November 2017 20: 23
      Well, tell me how it is.
      1. Popovich
        Popovich 12 November 2017 11: 35
        he cannot deviate from the training manual
  7. prior
    prior 11 November 2017 19: 28
    The Baltic states should think about what will happen to them when the boot of a Russian soldier sets foot on their land.
    But when it sets foot. Jumping. And the Russians have a good memory. And have to answer .... for everything!
  8. GSPDJGneva
    GSPDJGneva 11 November 2017 22: 33
    What is most sad - it will work.
    Please note that in emigration the 2nd generation almost does not know Russian, and grandchildren do not know at all. I don’t know how to explain this ... Compared to the Jews who lived in a foreign land for a thousand years and managed to maintain their roots. Or Chinatowns Around the World
  9. ul_vitalii
    ul_vitalii 12 November 2017 04: 02
    The idea is that it should be like in France, they sit in front of the camera and say: we are Russians and such a whim on their face, such emotion, but in the Baltic States it doesn’t work - they were born in the wrong place and at the wrong time. I communicated with one Tatar- immigrant from Baku (mid-90s), said they were stripped of their jobs, neighbors began to mow, there were conflicts in the school, and in the Baku metro there were posters: Tatars to Kazan, and Russians to Ryazan.